Contact me on the discussion–talk page here, please,
- 1 Edits – a selection
- 2 Reflection – seeing clear through – actual dialogue – obviating 'a head of the pigs' – far–sightedness
- 3 Pragmatic Language Usage
- 4 Of relevance here, also, continuing appreciation of:
Edits – a selection
Here’s some 'befores & afters' of some of my work here—my problem solving motivation:
- The last edit (2006 April 15) before my first ever edit (2006 April 19)—the obvious problems i came to—compelled—to make a start on remedying, as a complete Wikipedia newbie.
- 2006 April 19 – my first edit, as 22.214.171.124 before i registered.
- 2007 July 07 – before i stepped up edits a bit more, as 126.96.36.199 without renewing my registration and password.
- 2007 July 18 – after i had stepped up edits a bit more, as 188.8.131.52, together with another editor (184.108.40.206) who cleared up the key, critical, correction of the widespread wrongly attributed quotation – "quotation is Horace’s not Fukuoka’s".
- The article before i started in earnest for some months of solid editing! – editing here for personal motivations, after we at a certain Federal Gov’t agency, deliberately unnamed, we, all the team, our whole team, and so many more long time staff, managers, CEO, Board Chairman, etc., all resigned from, because we all experienced it imploding with problems, which became very public in the media three months later. The comprehensively evidenced problems of certain other unnamed people who stayed, and the politics. No names, here, no record. Just, a very strong experience–based motivation here, to come to really use my professional skills to benefit the fixing of some serious problems, related but different to problems which we all were suppressed from doing so to fix at that time in that certain Fed. Gov’t agency.
- 2010 August 3 – then my 2010 first step of the many edits—of solid editing—in earnest, as 220.127.116.11, before renewing and re-registering this, my old login, again.
- Then my progress in editing up until a point where it was very much a work in progress –it was about to be split into a set of articles about him: main, works, chronology/CV, family nature farm, etc., and during that split throughly copyedited from an English language and readability point of view. Disgustingly hatefully, this ongoing long–term work in progress was so very rudely (diff) disrupted, including by massive blanking (hist diff) and so on, at the time of this last live version.
Reflection – seeing clear through – actual dialogue – obviating 'a head of the pigs' – far–sightedness
Relevant to communication philosophy, community and strategic planning, in WP here and for all 'westerners', a quotation of part of contemporary natural philosophy scholarship—brilliance on the topic of false philosophy, etc. Re: * * * *—no moral authority these pallid pink 'philistines'. :
'Us' and 'Them'
A further challenge to closure builds on the violence of totalising monologue. Whose past and whose present are implicated in the moral work of engaging the past in the present? Monologue is another primary form of closure. Critical theory of recent decades has shown western thought and action to be dominated by a matrix of hierarchical oppositions which provided powerful conceptual tools for the reproduction of violence. In this matrix the world is formed around dualities: man/woman, culture/nature, mind/body, active/passive, civilisation/savagery, and so on in the most familiar and oppressive fashion. In fact, however, these dualities are more properly described as a series of singularities because the pole labelled 'other' (woman, Nature, savage, etc.) is effectively an absence. This point is articulated extensively by feminist theoreticians. Luce Irigaray (1985), for example, shows that the defining feature of woman under dualistic thought is that she is not man.
Ecofeminists extend the analysis to include 'Nature', and show that the same structure of domination controls women, Nature, and all other living beings and systems that are held to be 'other' (Warren 1990, Salleh 1992). Val Plumwood (1994: 74) speaks directly to the centrality of this structure: 'the story of the control of the chaotic and deficient realm of "Nature" by mastering and ordering "reason" has been the master story of western culture.' Within that 'chaotic and deficient realm' were all those others who were classed outside the 'Us' that is the hero of the story.
Stripped of much cultural elaboration, this structure of self/other articulates power such that 'self' is constituted as the pole of activity and presence, while 'other' is the pole of passivity and absence. Presence is a manifestation both of being and of power, while absence may be a gap awaiting transfiguration by the active/present pole, or an enabling background; in either case, without power and presence of its own (Plumwood 1997).
A crucial feature of the system is that others never get to talk back on their own terms. Communication is all one way as the pole of power refuses to receive the feedback that would cause it to change itself, or to open itself into dialogue. Power lies in the ability not to hear what is being said, not to experience the consequences of one’s actions, but rather to go one’s own self-centric and insulated way. Plumwood (2002:27) notes two key moves in sustaining hierarchical dualism and the illusion of autonomy – dependency and denial. The pole of power depends on the subordinated other, and simultaneously denies this dependence.
The image of bi-polarity thus masks what is, in effect, a singular pole of self. The self sets itself within a hall of mirrors; it mistakes its reflection for the world, sees its own reflections endlessly, talks endlessly to itself, and, not surprisingly, finds continual verification of itself and its world view. This is monologue masquerading as conversation, masturbation posing as productive interaction; it is a narcissism so profound that it purports to provide a universal knowledge when in fact its violent erasures are universalizing its own singular and powerful isolation. It promotes a nihilism that stifles the knowledge of connection, disables dialogue, and maims the possibilities whereby ‘self’ might be captured by ‘other’. Levinas equates these totalising monological narratives with war.
This is not to say that monologue itself lacks debate and conflict, but more deeply that it is self-totalising in only including what it can accommodate within its own narrative, and by insisting that others, if they appear at all, appear as they are considered by that monological narrative. Indeed some monological narratives are so broad as to be able to encompass everything, but only within the terms of the narrative. Elizabeth Povinelli’s (2002) brilliant new study of Australian multiculturalism gives a much more complex face to public monolocultural discourse than I am able to present here. She focuses on the 'cunning of recognition', examining the impossible necessity for Aboriginal people in certain contexts to be able to produce for the nation an identity that the nation defines as authentic (see also Merlan 1998). This is one of many ways in which monological narrative scoops up others on its own terms and within its own self-understanding (see chapter 3).
The dismantling of the war-like theory of … ...
— Rose, D., 2004 Reports [Reflections]—best buy this book! giving the author their great due—; :)
(–from WikiMedia Strategic Planning)
Tendentious editing. The continuous, aggressive pursuit of an editorial goal is considered disruptive, and should be avoided. The consensus process works when editors listen, respond, and cooperate to build a better article. Editors who refuse to allow any consensus except the one they have decided on, and are willing to filibuster indefinitely to attain that goal, destroy the consensus process. Issues that are settled by stubbornness never last, because someone more pigheaded will eventually arrive; only pages that have the support of the community survive in the long run.
It was removed here (diffs) – i don’t know if there was any discussion about its removal.
A little bit of straight talking regarding the goodness of apologising may still be found unsterilised here in Civility – Apologizing - It’s OK to say sorry.
The Wikipedia editor - competence essay should be written as a more scholarly and formal Wikipedia competence policy, including higher scholarly standards of reliable sources’ research and use as the basis for article statement writing/editing. Not everyone has the experience, skills or ability to do reliable sources’ research and reliable sources’ based scholarly writing, to this scholarly standard—a part reference, the essay: Wikipedia is not just an encyclopaedia - Not everyone can write articles—or in subjects outside their expertise if they have subject expertise—one more part reference: Expert retention. This issue requires much more policy elaboration, in my humble opinion. This unscholarly quality is the biggest shortcoming of this Wikipedia encyclopaedia project, in my humble experience, in my awareness of public opinions of it, and the reason why it gets nicknamed: dodgy–paedia, 'Dickipedia'*, gossip rag masquerading (as encyclopaedia). Moreover, this describes why it gets thought of as reflecting popular prejudices (aka, particularly in politics: Demagoguery).
Some professional writers in the real world, writing on the subject
- The Guardian – "Can you trust Wikipedia?". 24 October 2005,
- USA Today – "A false Wikipedia 'biography'" by Seigenthaler, John. 29 November 2005,
- NY Times. 2007,
- The Times (online) – "Wisdom? More like dumbness of the crowds" by Kamm, Oliver. 16 August 2007 (archived version 2011-08-14) (Author’s copy) (A response from J Wales),
- The Independent – "Wikipedia and the art of censorship". 18 August 2007 (archived version 4 October 2011),
- Slate (online) – "The Wisdom of the Chaperones: Digg, Wikipedia, and the myth of Web 2.0 democracy." by Wilson, Chris. 22 February 2008,
- Lapham’s Quarterly – Means of Communication – "Nicholson Baker’s Last Stand". 2008,
- The Guardian – "Have you stopped editing Wikipedia? And if so, is it doomed?". 25 November 2009,
- NY Times. 11 January 2010,
- A. Charles Muller – Professor, Faculty of Letters, University of Tokyo. 14 June 2010,
- Wired UK – "Which Wikipedia page has 12 volumes worth of edits?". 8 September 2010,
- Nature – "No rest for the bio-wikis". 15 November 2010,
- Nature – "Time to underpin Wikipedia wisdom". 09 December 2010,
- Wired UK – "The battle to make Wikipedia more welcoming". 10 January 2011,
- The Guardian – "Wikipedia at 10: a web pioneer worth defending". 13 January 2011,
- Wired UK – "Viewpoints: what the world thinks of Wikipedia". 13 January 2011,
- BBC World Service – "Wikipedia at 10". Broadcast 14 January 2011,
- The Guardian – "The online sub-life". 15 January 2011,
- NY Times Business – "Define Gender Gap? Look Up Wikipedia’s Contributor List". 30 January 2011,
- The Guardian – "PlagiPedia shows the web is passionate about correcting its own follies". 1 March 2011,
- The Guardian – "Wikipedia wants more contributions from academics". 29 March 2011,
- The Guardian, Editorial – "In praise of… academic Wikipedians". 6 April 2011,
- Wikipedia, Critical Point of View. 10 May 2011 (scholarly multi-author book PDF),
- NY Times. Updated up to 23 May 2011,
- The Guardian – "When I died on Wikipedia". 19 October 2011,
- NY Times. 5 February 2012,
- NY Times. 7 February 2012,
- The Guardian – Books – "Encyclopedia Britannica in the age of Wikipedia". 14 March 2012,
- The Guardian – "The internet: citizen scientists demonstrate the power of collaboration". 18 March 2012,
- The Guardian – "Wikipedia founder to help in government’s research scheme". 1 May 2012,
- BBC News – "Jimmy Wales denies Wikipedia admin recruitment crisis". 8 July 2012,
- BBC News – "Meet the 'bots' that edit Wikipedia". 25 July 2012,
- BBC News – "Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales denies political muscle" (video). 2 August 2012,
- The Guardian – "Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales attacks government’s 'snooper’s charter'". 5 September 2012,
- NY Times – "Philip Roth Goes Public With Fact Check of Wikipedia". 7 September 2012,
- BBC News – "Author Roth rebukes Wikipedia over Human Stain edit". 8 September 2012,
- The Guardian – "Philip Roth’s complaint to Wikipedia". 11 September 2012,
- The Guardian – "Why Philip Roth needs a secondary source". 19 September 2012,
- The Guardian (hosted by) – "Why women fade into the background on Wikipedia". 19 October 2012,
- Nature – "Throw off the cloak of invisibility". 22 October 2012,
- Nature – "Edit-a-thon gets women scientists into Wikipedia". 22 October 2012,
- The Guardian – "Wikipedia page of Judge Koh, of Apple-Samsung trial, locked after 'edit war'". 26 December 2012,
Then some not doing professional journalism, who, like me, like to think of themselves as bigger than mere geeks—hehe, e.g.: "… the sun will still set in the West, the worlds will not collide, and Wikipedia articles will still show #1 in Google search results … " —Wikipediocracy. e.g. * * *, *, etc..
Quotation: "In a land of the blind, a one–eyed man is king" —who said that renowned quotation? In reality, let’s keep perspective, both eyes open wide, genuine maturity and let’s not deny the flaws—no sane (whitewash) fairytale exists to escape to—then we might solve them.
Pragmatic Language Usage
How do you do? Do you think that Wikipedia (main), here, is for plain and simple English only??? ie. technical, advanced, eloquent or even brilliant English language not allowed even when the subject necessitates it??? Well, one word for you: Ligature [the typographic kind]! Also, two more of many article topics for you: Bohr–Einstein debates & Adiabatic theorem.
Simplistic English is what that is called when necessarily advanced–language–subjects get unnecessarily banalised—dumbed down, motivated by an inappropriately simplified and plain English version of the language—see policies eg. WP:NOT PAPERS—see professional media comment eg. NY Times.
Simple English Wikipedia is the place for that; as appropriate for people who have those degrees of English language, from just starting to learn English, to English as a non-native language.
(The world’s vast majority of people have multiple native languages, except for monolingual English speakers. Very few people in the world speak only one language that isn’t English. In other words, very few people do not speak more than one language. In other words, the world’s vast majority of people are either: 1. fully bilingual, trilingual, etc. or 2. have a fully fluent first language and fully functional, if not fully fluent, second, third, etc., languages.)
Simple English Wikipedia also is for people who suffer from dyslexia and other reading difficulties; and for people who simply want to read their chosen subject in a cut–down, simplistic Wikipedia story.
Then there are ineffable major subjects in reality. What does one do in Wikipedia to write up them???
My life, professional and personal, includes lots of learning awareness, very varied and wide learning—an autodidact, who did attend University 1988–90, and had already learned before that from giants: in cultured–nature; in ecology eg. D.C., J.B.K., L. Webb, T. Irvine, etc.; in natural history eg. many 'Field Nat’s' and late D. Neale, etc.; in botany, eg. D.C., late D. Neale and Jim Willis ("doyen"), G.C., etc.; in philosophy eg. W.F.; in horticulture; etc., etc.. Lots of and very varied technical and/or advanced awarenesses. So, i edit accordingly, in articles here appropriate to the fullest possible use and exercise of my skills and ongoing learning!—only, i have little time for Wikipedia.
Of relevance here, also, continuing appreciation of:
- Lee, Emma (2002). The Tale of a Whale: Significant Aboriginal landscapes of the northern beaches. Dee Why, NSW: Warringah Council. ISBN 1875116397.
- Neidjie, Bill (1989). Taylor, Keith, ed. Story about Feeling. Broome, W.A: Magabala Books. ISBN 978-0-9588101-0-4.
- Neidjie, Bill; Stephen Davis, Allan Fox (1985). Kakadu man...Bill Neidjie. Foreword by Clyde Holding. Queanbeyan, N.S.W.: Mybrood P/L, Allan Fox & assoc. ISBN 978-0-9589458-0-6.
Rev. edns 1986– Australia’s Kakadu man, Bill Neidjie. Darwin : Resource Managers.
Rev. edns 2002– Gagudju man, Bill Neidjie, Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia. Allan Fox ISBN 978-1-876622-38-1.
- Neidjie, Bill (1991). Speaking for the Earth: Nature’s Law and the Aboriginal Way. introduction by Michael W. Fox. Washington, DC: Center for Respect of Life and Environment.
- Pascoe, Bruce (2014). Dark Emu. Black Seeds : agriculture or accident?. Broome, Western Australia: Magabala Books. pp. 1–176. ISBN 9781922142436 (paperback); ISBN 9781922142443 (ebook : pdf); ISBN 9781922142450 (ebook : epub). National Library of Australia record.
- Pascoe, Bruce (2007). Convincing Ground: Learning to fall in love with your country. Canberra, ACT: Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS. ISBN 9780855755492. Retrieved 25 Oct 2011.
- Pascoe, Bruce (2012). "Andrew Bolt’s disappointment: Why didn’t you ring their mums?". Griffith REVIEW (36): 164–169. ISSN 1839-2954. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- Smith, Linda Tuhiwai (1999). Decolonizing Methodologies : Research and Indigenous Peoples. London & New York, Dunedin NZ: Zed Books, University of Otago Press. ISBN 1877133671.
- Stewart, Kathy; Percival, Bob (1997). Bush Foods of New South Wales : A botanical record and Aboriginal oral history (PDF). Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney. p. 36. ISBN 07313-0004-1. Lay summary – Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, introduction, webpage linking to the pdf (2014). –from: Aboriginal Bush Foods at www.RGBSyd.NSW.Gov.Au
- Langton, Marcia (1998). Burning Questions : Emerging environmental issues for Indigenous peoples in northern Australia. Darwin, NT: Centre for Indigenous Natural and Cultural Resource Management, Northern Territory University. ISBN 9781876483067.
- Langton, Marcia (2000). "'The Fire that is the Centre of Each Family' Landscapes of the Ancients". In Ann P. Hamblin (ed). Visions of Future Landscapes (PDF). Canberra, ACT: Bureau of Rural Sciences. pp. 169–178.
- Behrendt, Larissa (2008). Resolving Aboriginal disputes: Land conflict and beyond. Sydney, N.S.W: The Federation Press. ISBN 9781862877078.
- Fesl, Eve Mumewa D. (1993). Conned! Eve Mumewa D. Fesl speaks out on language and the conspiracy of silence. A Koorie perspective. Foreword by Neville Bonner. St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0702224979.
- Fesl, Eve D. (1992). "Notions of superiority and inferiority : social Spencerism alive and well". In Bird, Greta. Racial harassment. Clayton, Victoria: National Centre for Crosscultural Studies in Law and Centre for Migrant and Intercultural Studies, Monash University. pp. 17–23. ISBN 0732603064. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Pascoe, Bruce; AIATSIS (Oct 2012). The Little Red Yellow Black Book: An introduction to Indigenous Australia (3rd ed.). Canberra, ACT: Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS. ISBN 9781922059147. Retrieved 10 Jan 2014.
- Moreton–Robinson, Aileen (2000). Talkin’ Up to the White Woman : Aboriginal women and feminism. St. Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0702231347.
- Rainbow Spirit Elders (1997). Rainbow Spirit Theology : Towards an Australian Aboriginal theology. Blackburn, Vic: Harper Collins Religious. ISBN 186371703X. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Pattel-Gray, Anne, ed. (1996). Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Yunupingu, Galarrwuy (1996). "Concepts of Land and Spirituality". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 4–10. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Rowan, Cynthia (1996). "Aboriginal Spirituality: A Sense of Belonging". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 11–21. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Morris, Christine (1996). "The Oral Tradition under Threat". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 22–36. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Gondarra, Djiniyinni (1996). "Aboriginal Spirituality and the Gospel". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 41–53. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Gilbert, Kevin (1996). "God at the Campfire and That Christ Fella". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 54–65. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Harris, Charles (1996). "Guidelines for So–called Western Civilization and Western Christianity". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 66–78. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Yunupingu, Djungadjunga; Yunupingu, Dhanggal (1996). "Mungulk Dhalatj: A Calm Wisdom". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 94–98. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Rosendale, George (1996). "Aboriginal Myths and Customs: Matrix for Gospel Preaching". In Pattel-Gray, Anne. Aboriginal spirituality : past, present, future. University of Sydney. School of Studies in Religion; National Conference on Aboriginal Spirituality and Perceptions of Christianity (1st : 1990 : Victor Harbour, South Australia). HarperCollins Religious. pp. 99–106. ISBN 978-1-86371-595-9. Retrieved 11 Oct 2014.
- Hill, Rosemary; Baird, Adelaide; Buchanan, David; Denman, Charlie; Fischer, Peter; Gibson, Karen; Johnson, Jimmy; Kerry, Alma; Kulka, George; Madsen, Eddie; Olbar, Alec; Olbar, Lizzie; Pierce, Jack; Shuan, Judy; Shipton, Ena; Shipton, Harry; Smith, Jimmy; Sykes, Rene; Walker, Eileen; Walker, Wilma; Wallace, Peter; Yerry, Bobby; Yougie, Dolly; Ball, Doreen; Barney, Edward; Buchanan, Raymond; Buchanan, Ronald; Denman, Harold; Fischer, Ruben; Gibson, Roy; Talbot, Leah; Tayley, Elizabeth; Tayley, Norman; Walker, Dawn; Walker, Francis; Walker, Kathleen; Wallace, Marilyn; Yougie, Lily (2004).
Yalanji-Warranga Kaban: Yalanji people of the rainforest fire management book. Cairns, QLD, Australia: Little Ramsay Press. ISBN 0-95809-841-7. Retrieved 18 Nov 2013. Lay summary – ResearchOnline James Cook University (2011).
- Bamanga Bubu Ngadimunku Inc. (Kuku Yalanji of the Mossman Gorge); Roberts, John; Fisher, Colin; Gibson, Roy (2008) [1995 original ed.]. A Guide to Traditional Aboriginal Rainforest Plant Use. Assistance: with writing plant information by Tom Popp and with recording plant use by Bennett Walker Qld DEH (reprinted ed.). Mossman, Qld: Bamanga Bubu Ngadimunku Inc. pp. 1–36. ISBN 0-646-22991-5; ISBN 9780646229911.
- Bamanga Bubu Ngadimunku Inc. (Kuku Yalanji of the Mossman Gorge); Fisher, Colin; Ross–Kelly, Bella (1996). Aspects and Images of Kuku Yalanji Life at Mossman Gorge. Assistance: with writing the way told by Tom Popp and with keeping their way by Bennett Walker Qld DEH. Mossman, Qld: Bamanga Bubu Ngadimunku Inc. pp. 1–32. ISBN 0-646-27739-1.
- Sveiby, Karl Erik; Skuthorpe, Tex (2006). Treading Lightly: The hidden wisdom of the world’s oldest people. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 9781741148749; ISBN 174114874X.
Australian Aborigines taught themselves thousands of years ago how to build a sustainable society in our fragile landscape. In a unique collaboration, a Swedish knowledge management professor finds out from an Aboriginal cultural custodian how they did it, and what we can learn from them.
We are consuming more than our earth can provide. In Australia, cities and towns struggle to maintain a reliable water supply, climate change triggers droughts which devastate farmland, and fish stocks are running low. It is increasingly clear that we are heading towards collapse if we don’t change direction.
Aboriginal people taught themselves thousands of years ago how to live sustainably in Australia’s fragile landscape. A Scandinavian knowledge management professor meets an Aboriginal cultural custodian and dares to ask the simple but vital question: what can we learn from the traditional Aboriginal lifestyle to create a sustainable society in modern Australia?
Karl-Erik Sveiby and Tex Skuthorpe show how traditional Aboriginal stories and paintings were used to convey knowledge from one generation to the next, about the environment, law and relationships. They reveal the hidden art of four-level storytelling, and discuss how the stories, and the way they were used, formed the basis for a sustainable society. They also explain ecological farming methods, and how the Aboriginal style of leadership created resilient societies.
Treading Lightly takes us on a unique journey into traditional Aboriginal life and culture, and offers a powerful and original model for building sustainable organisations, communities and ecologies. It is a compelling message for today’s world.
KARL-ERIK SVEIBY has for several years been Professor of Knowledge Management at Hanken Business School, Finland, and Honorary Professor at Griffith Graduate School of Management, Brisbane, and at Macquarie Graduate School of Management, Sydney. He is the author of twelve books in business and management.
TEX SKUTHORPE is a Nhunggabarra man from Nhunggal country in northwestern New South Wales and a painter, educator and custodian of traditional law and stories. He was awarded Aboriginal Artist of the Year by NAIDOC in 1990/1991 and currently works with young Aboriginal offenders in Kariong Correctional Centre, New South Wales.
- Memmott, Paul (2007). Gunyah Goondie + Wurley: The Aboriginal architecture of Australia. St Lucia, Qld.: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702232459; ISBN 0702232459. –UQ Press Description in order form –Complex designs reveal country’s first architects (National news - Sydney Morning Herald) –Gunyah, Goondie + Wurley: The Aboriginal Architecture Of Australia - "The myth of a country devoid of indigenous architecture - 'architecture nullius' - has long persisted." (smh.com.au Book Review)
- Brody, Hugh (2002). The Other Side of Eden: Hunter-gatherers, farmers and the shaping of the world. London: Faber. ISBN 057120502X.
- Weir, Jessica K. (2009). Murray River Country: An ecological dialogue with traditional owners. Canberra, ACT: Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS. ISBN 9780855756789. Retrieved 25 Oct 2011.
- Tobias, Terry (2009). Living Proof: The essential data-collection guide for indigenous use -and-occupancy map surveys. Vancouver, B.C: Ecotrust Canada Union of BC Indian Chiefs. ISBN 1896866069.
- Somerville, Margaret; Perkins, Tony (2010). Singing the Coast. Canberra, ACT: Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS. ISBN 9780855757113. Retrieved 25 Oct 2011.
- Watson-Verran, Helen; Wade Chambers, David; The Yolngu Community at Yirrkala; Deakin University. School of Humanities. Open Campus Program (1989). Singing the Land, Signing the Land : a portfolio of exhibits (live website). Nature and Human Nature Series: Imagining nature. Portfolio 6. Geelong, Vic. :: Deakin University : distributed by Deakin University Press. ISBN 9780730006961. Google scan of the 1989 printed book
- Williams, Don (2009) . Exploring Aboriginal Kinship (book and DVD). The Aboriginal Australian in north eastern Arnhem Land (facsimile ed.). Winnellie, N.T.: Aboriginal Resource and Development Services Inc.; originally published by the Curriculum Development Centre, Dickson, Canberra, A.C.T. ISBN 0642961999.
- Pascoe, Bruce; AIATSIS (2008). The Little Red, Yellow, Black Book : An introduction to Indigenous Australia (2nd ed.). Canberra, ACT: Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS. ISBN 9780855756154. Retrieved 25 Oct 2011.
- Charlesworth, Max J.; Kimber, Richard G.; Wallace, Noel (1990). Ancestor spirits: Aspects of Australian Aboriginal life and spirituality. Deakin University Press. ISBN 0949823147; ISBN 9780949823144. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Gale, Stephen J. (2003). "Making the European landscape: early contact environmental impact in Australia". In Garner, Barry. Geography’s New Frontiers. (proceedings papers book). Volume 17. pp. 7–16. ISSN 07256248; ISBN.
- Webb, Len J.; Kikkawa, Jiro, eds. (1990). Australian Tropical Rainforests: Science — Values — Meaning. East Melbourne, Vic: CSIRO. ISBN 0643050558.
- Rose, Deborah Bird (2004). Reports from a wild country : Ethics for decolonisation. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. ISBN 0868407984.
- Bottoms, Timothy (2013). Conspiracy of Silence: Queensland’s frontier killing times. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978-1-74331-382-4. Retrieved 9 Jan 2013.
- Butlin, Noel G. (1983). Our Original Aggression: Aboriginal populations of southeastern Australia, 1788-1850. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0868612235.
- Butlin, Noel G. (1993). Economics and the Dreamtime: A Hypothetical History. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43236-7 (h/b); ISBN 0-521-43820-9 (p/b). Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- Whitehouse, Hilary (2011). "Talking up country: language, natureculture and interculture in Australian environmental education research" (PDF). Australian Journal of Environmental Education 27 (1): 56–67. Retrieved 25 Jan 2014.
- Russell-Smith, Jeremy; Whitehead, Peter J.; Cooke, Peter, eds. (2009). Culture, Ecology and Economy of Fire Management in North Australian Savannas : Rekindling the Wurrk Tradition. Darwin, NT and Collingwood, Vic: Tropical Savannas Management CRC with CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9780643094024.
- Bottoms, Timothy (2008). Bama country : the indigenous rainforest people of tropical North Queensland (1st ed.). Fishtail Solutions. ISBN 978-1-921419-03-4.
- 2000 Satoyama: Japan’s Secret Garden (Film). Bilingual English and Japanese HD feature documentary. Narrated by Sir David Attenborough. (NHK, Japan and Nova, PBS, USA).
- Breeden, Stanley (1992). Visions of a Rainforest: A year in Australia’s tropical rainforest. Illustrated by William T. Cooper. Foreword by Sir David Attenborough. (first ed.). East Roseville: Simon & Schuster Australia. ISBN 0731800583.
- Breeden, Kaisa; Breeden, Stanley (2012). Rainforest Country : An intimate portrait of Australia’s tropical rainforest (PDF). Fremantle, W.A.: Fremantle Press –book’s page. ISBN 9781921888601 (hbk.). Sample pages NLA page
- "Home page". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6. Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Herbs, Grasses, Sedges, Palms, Pandans & Epiphytes. Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, through its Division of Plant Industry. 2010. Retrieved 2 Mar 2013. Unknown parameter
- Johannes, Rick E. (1 June 1998). "The case for data-less marine resource management: examples from tropical nearshore finfisheries" (PDF). Trends in Ecology & Evolution 13 (6): 243–246. doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(98)01384-6. ISSN 0169-5347.
- Ludwig, D; Hilborn, R; Walters, C (2 Apr 1993). "Uncertainty, resource exploitation, and conservation: lessons from history" (PDF). Science (Washington, USA) 260 (5104): 17–36.
- Cooper, Wendy; Cooper, William T. (2004). Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest. Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia: Nokomis Editions. ISBN 9780958174213. Unknown parameter
- Cooper, Wendy; Cooper, William T. (Mar 2013). Australian Rainforest Fruits: A Field Guide. Australia: CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9780643107847.
- Gell, Peter A; Mercer, David C, eds. (1992). Victoria’s Rainforests: Perspectives on definition, classification and management: Proceedings of the Victorian Rainforest symposium held at the McCoy Hall, State Museum of Victoria, 17th November, 1991. Melbourne, Vic.: Dept. of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University. ISBN 9780909685478.
- Bradstock, Ross A.; Gill, A. Malcolm; Williams, Richard J., eds. (2012). Flammable Australia : fire regimes, biodiversity and ecosystems in a changing world. Collingwood, Vic: CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9780643104822.
- Kirkpatrick, Jamie (2006). The Ecologies of Paradise : Explaining the garden next door. Sandy Bay, Tas: Pandani Press. ISBN 064646017X.
- Taylor, Sandra G. (1990). "Naturalness: The concept and its application to Australian ecosystems". In Saunders, Denis Allen; Hopkins, Angus John Malcolm; How, R. A. Australian ecosystems : 200 years of utilization, degradation and reconstruction. Australian Ecosystems : 200 years of utilization, degradation and reconstruction : a symposium held in Geraldton, Western Australia, 28 August-2 September, 1988. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 16. Chipping Norton, N.S.W.: Surrey Beatty & Sons, for the Ecological Society of Australia. pp. 411–418. ISBN 0949324264.
The concept of naturalness is implicit in all attempts to assess the extent to which Australian ecosystems have been modified by 200 years of European settlement, as well as by 40,000 years of Aboriginal occupation. Yet, failure to recognise that naturalness is a culturally constructed concept, rather than a universal one, has produced such inconsistency and ambiguity in the terminology used for these assessments that the terminology lacks the precision and ecological rigour required for incorporation in theoretical models of landscape change, and for application to the management of landscape change.
The primary aim of this chapter is to provide a conceptual framework for Australian studies of the modification of natural ecosystems by human intrusion or influences. The meaning of the concept of naturalness in Western technological societies is examined in an attempt to clarify the uncertainty and ambiguity currently associated with the use of the terms "natural landscape", "natural ecosystem" and "natural vegetation". A revised terminology and definitions are presented based on the biocentric concept that places humanity within nature, and treats human intrusion or influences as only one of the many natural agents of landscape change.
- Ecological Humanities journal (situated within Australia’s oldest and most prestigious on-line humanities journal: the Australian Humanities Review. Australian National University: Canberra) ISSN 1325-8338
- His Holiness the Dalai Lama (2011). Towards the True Kinship of Faiths: How the world’s religions can come together. Little Brown Book Group Limited. ISBN 9780349121277.
- Palmo, Tenzin (2011). Into the Heart of Life: Buddhist teachings on wisdom and compassion. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 9781742375267.
- Palmo, Tenzin (2002). Reflections on a Mountain Lake: A western nun talks on practical Buddhism. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 9781865088105.
- Mackenzie, Vicki (1998). Cave in the Snow: A western woman’s quest for enlightenment. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 9780747543893. – Biography of Tenzin Palmo (aka Dianne Perry) ’s life up to the point of the publication date.
- Evans-Wentz, Walter Y. (1969). Tibet’s Great Yogi, Milarepa: A biography from the Tibetan, being the Jetsun-Kahbum, or biographical history of Jetsun Milarepa, according to the late Lama Kazi Dawa-Sumdup’s English rendering (2nd ed.). USA: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195003012.
- Mackenzie, Vicki (1997) . Reborn in the West : The story of western men and women reincarnated as Tibetan Lamas. London: Thorsons. ISBN 0722534434.
- Charlesworth, Max; Dussart, Françoise; Morphy, Howard, eds. (2005). Aboriginal Religions in Australia: An anthology of recent writings. Aldershot: Ashgate. ISBN 9780754651284.
- Charlesworth, Max; Morphy, Howard; Bell, Diane; et al., eds. (1984). Religion in Aboriginal Australia: An anthology. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 0702217549.
- Denton, Derek (1993). The Pinnacle of Life: Consciousness and self-awareness in humans and animals. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1863733175.
- White, Peter (2011). "Revisiting the 'Neolithic Problem' in Australia". In Bird, Caroline F. M.; Webb, R. Esmée. 'Fire and Hearth' Forty Years on : Essays in Honour of Sylvia J. Hallam. Records of the Western Australian Museum. Supplement 79. Hallam, Sylvia J. Perth: Western Australian Museum. pp. 86–92. ISBN 9781920843656. ISSN 0313-122X. (login to the link with National Library of Australia membership)
- White, J. Peter (2003). Agriculture: Was Australia a bystander? (PDF). The Fifth World Archaeological Congress Washington D.C. Theme: Empowerment and Exploitation: North-South and South-South Archaeological Encounters. Session: Inherited models and the denial of prehistory: challenging existing concepts of agriculture. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2004. Retrieved 21 Aug 2011.
Ethnographically, Australian and New Guinean societes are contrasted, the former as hunter-gatherer, the latter as agricultural. This contrast has directed our research to the point where similar kinds of evidence are interpreted in different ways in the two areas.
- Denham, Tim (Autumn 2005). "Food for Thought" (full text available to National Library of Australia members). Nature Australia (Sydney, NSW: Australian Museum) 28 (4): 50–55. ISSN 1324-2598.
Discusses the origins of agriculture in New Guinea. Evidences suggesting early agriculture in the country; Reasons behind the distinctive long-term history of New Guinea compared with other regions of the world where early agriculture developed independently; Factors that can be accounted for the primitive nature of New Guinean societies in comparison with other agricultural lands.
- Denham, Timothy P.; Iriarte, José; Vrydaghs, Luc, eds. (Oct 2007). Rethinking Agriculture: Archaeological and Ethnoarchaeological Perspectives. One World Archaeology Series. California, USA: Left Coast Press. ISBN 9781598742619. Lay summary – Publisher’s summary.
Although the need to study agriculture in different parts of the world on its ‘own terms’ has long-been recognized and re-affirmed, a tendency persists to evaluate agriculture across the globe using concepts, lines of evidence and methods derived from Eurasian research. However, researchers working in different regions across the globe are becoming increasingly aware of fundamental differences in the nature of, and methods employed to study, agriculture and plant exploitation practices in the past. Contributions to this volume rethink agriculture, whether in terms of existing regional chronologies, in terms of techniques employed, or in terms of the concepts that frame our interpretations. This volume highlights new archaeological and ethnoarchaeological research on early agriculture in understudied non-Eurasian regions, including Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific, the Americas and Africa, to present a more balanced view of the origins and development of agricultural practices around the globe. Sponsored by the World Archaeological Congress.
- Denham, Tim; White, J. Peter (2007). The Emergence of Agriculture: A global view. Routledge. ISBN 9780415404457. Retrieved 13 February 2013. Lay summary – Publisher’s summary.
This volume, the first in the One World Archaeology series, is a compendium of key papers by leaders in the field of the emergence of agriculture in different parts of the world. Each is supplemented by a review of developments in the field since its publication.
Contributions cover the better known regions of early and independent agricultural development, such as Southwest Asia and the Americas, as well as lesser known locales, such as Africa and New Guinea. Other contributions examine the dispersal of agricultural practices into a region, such as India and Japan, and how introduced crops became incorporated into pre-existing forms of food production.
This reader is intended for students of the archaeology of agriculture, and will also prove a valuable and handy resource for scholars and researchers in the area.
- A key section, in quotation here.
- Denham, T. (2007). "Traditional forms of plant exploitation in Australia and New Guinea: The search for common ground". Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17 (2): 245–248. doi:10.1007/s00334-007-0105-y. Here available online. Project page.
- Denham, Tim; Mooney, Steven (2008). "Human–environment Interactions in Australia and New Guinea during the Holocene". The Holocene (Sage Publications) 18 (3): 365. ISSN 0959-6836.
- Denham, T.; Fullagar, R.; Head, L. (2009). "Plant exploitation on Sahul: From colonisation to the emergence of regional specialisation during the Holocene". Quaternary International 202: 29–40. Bibcode:2009QuInt.202...29D. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2008.06.018.
- Denham, Tim; Donohue, M.; Booth, S. (2009). "Horticultural experimentation in northern Australia reconsidered" (PDF). Antiquity 83 (321): 634–648.
- Donohue, M.; Denham, T. (2010). "Farming and Language in Island Southeast Asia". Current Anthropology 51 (2): 223–256. doi:10.1086/650991.
- Denham, T. (October 2011). "Early Agriculture and Plant Domestication in New Guinea and Island Southeast Asia". Current Anthropology 52 (S4): S379–S395. doi:10.1086/658682.
- Gott, Beth (1982). "Kunzea pomifera - Dawson’s ‘nurt’". The Artefact 7: 13–17.
- Gott, Beth (1982). "Ecology of Root Use by the Aborigines of Southern Australia". Archaeology in Oceania 17 (1): 59–67. doi:10.2307/40386580. JSTOR 40386580. -Paper presented to International Botanical Congress (13th: 1981: Sydney)-
- Gott, Beth (1983). "Murnong - Microseris scapigera: A study of a staple food of Victorian Aborigines". Australian Aboriginal Studies 2: 2–17. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Gott, Beth (1985). Jones, Gwyn P., ed. The use of seeds by Victorian Aborigines. The Food Potential of Seeds from Australian Native Plants – Colloquium, Deakin University, Melbourne, 7 March 1984. pp. 25–30. ISBN 0730002187.
- Irvine, Tony (A.) K. (1985). Jones, Gwyn P., ed. Commercial prospects for edible nuts of Athertonia diversifolia (C. T. White) L. Johnson and Briggs (Proteaceae), and Elaeocarpus bancroftii F Muell and F. M. Bailey (Elaeocarpaceae). The Food Potential of Seeds from Australian Native Plants – Colloquium, Deakin University, Melbourne, 7 March 1984. pp. 174–89. ISBN 0730002187. Lay summary – Australian Forest Grower (Oct 1986) via The Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia (Jan 1989).
- Gott, Beth (1985). "Plants mentioned in Dawson’s ‘Australian Aborigines’". The Artefact 10: 3–14.
- Gott, Beth (1987). Graeme K. Ward (ed), ed. Murnong – A Victorian staple food: some nutritional implications. Archaeology at ANZAAS – The 54th Congress of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, May 1984, Section 25A: Archaeology. Canberra: Canberra Archaeological Society. pp. 111–114. ISBN 9780958862509.
- Covacevich, Jeanette; Irvine, Tony (A.) K.; Davis, George (1988). "A Rainforest Pharmacopoeia: Five thousand years of effective medicine". In Pearn, John. Pioneer Medicine in Australia. Brisbane: Amphion Press. pp. 159–174, 299–301. ISBN 0867762683.
- Incoll, L. D.; Bonnett, G. D.; Gott, Beth (1989). "Fructans in the underground storage organs of some Australian plants used for food by Aborigines". Journal of Plant Physiology 134 (2): 196–202. (Congress: International symposium on fructan. 1 1988)
- Gott, Beth; Conran, John (1991). Victorian Koorie Plants: Some plants used by Victorian Koories for food, fibre, medicines and implements. Hamilton and Western District Museum. Yangennanock Women’s Group, Aboriginal Keeping Place. ISBN 064603846X.
- Zola, Nelly; Gott, Beth (1992). Koorie plants, Koorie people : Traditional Aboriginal food, fibre and healing plants of Victoria. Melbourne: Koorie Heritage Trust. ISBN 1875606106.
- Gott, Beth (1993). "Use of Victorian plants by Koories". In Foreman, Don B.; Walsh, Neville G. Flora of Victoria 1. Melbourne: Inkata Press. pp. 195–211. ISBN 0909605769.
- Gott, Beth (1999). "Cumbungi, Typha species: A staple Aboriginal Food in southern Australia". Australian Aboriginal Studies 1: 33–50.
- Byrt, Pauline; Gott, Beth; Ellender, Isabell (2001). Meet the Eastern Kulin. The Aboriginal People of Central Victoria (CD-ROM). Melbourne: Centre for Australian Indigenous Studies, Monash University and Hawker Brownlow Education. Retrieved 15 Nov 2014.
- Gott, Beth (2002). "Fire‐Making in Tasmania: Absence of Evidence is Not Evidence of Absence". Current Anthropology 43 (4): 650–656. doi:10.1086/342430.
- Gott, Beth (2005). "Aboriginal fire management in south-eastern Australia: Aims and frequency". Journal of Biogeography 32 (7): 1203–1208. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01233.x.
- Gott, Beth (2008). "Indigenous use of plants in south-eastern Australia" (PDF). Telopea 2 (215): 226.
- Gott, Beth (2012). "Indigenous burning and the evolution of ecosystem biodiversity". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 124: 56–60.
- Schaffarczyk, Sylvia (2012). "Editorial". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 2.
- Rhea, Zane Ma; Russell, Lynette (2012). "Introduction: Understanding Koorie plant knowledge through the ethnobotanic lens. A tribute to Beth Gott". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 3–9.
- Gott, Beth; Russell, Lynette; Rhea, Zane Ma (2012). "The world and work of Beth Gott: An interview". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 10–16.
- Rhea, Zane Ma (2012). "Knowing country, knowing food: Food security and Aboriginal-settler relations in Victoria". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 17–28.
- Cahir, Fred (2012). "Murnong: Much more than a food". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 29–39.
- Hercus, Luise (2012). "Trees from the dreaming". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 40–49.
- Nash, Daphne (2012). "'Heritage knowledge': Indigenous people and fibre plants on the NSW South Coast". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 50–58.
- Atchison, Jennifer; Head, Lesley (2012). "Yam landscapes: The biogeography and social life of Australian 'Dioscorea'". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 59–74.
- Fullagar, Richard; Wallis, Lynley A. (2012). "Usewear and phytoliths on bedrock grinding patches, Pilbara, north-western Australia". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 75–87.
- Lewis, Tara M (2012). "A plant macrofossil identification tool for South-Western Victoria". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 88–98.
- Clarke, Anne (2012). "Waterlilies: Confessions of a failed ethnobotanist". Artefact: the Journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria, The. 35: 99–103.
- Lunt, Ian D. (1996). "A transient soil seed bank for the yam-daisy Microseris scapigera" (PDF). Victorian Naturalist 113: 16–19. Retrieved 7 Oct 2014.
- Gammage, Bill (2005). " '…far more happier than we Europeans': Aborigines and farmers" (PDF). London Papers in Australian Studies (formerly Working Papers in Australian Studies) (London: Menzies Centre for Australian Studies. King’s College. Each year the Centre publishes London Papers in Australian Studies . These are representative of some of the most recent and exciting intellectual work in Australian Studies.) (12): 1–27. ISSN 1746-1774. Retrieved 23 Nov 2010. External link in
- Gammage, Bill (Oct 2011). The Biggest Estate on Earth: How Aborigines made Australia. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin (online page). ISBN 9781742377483. Retrieved 12 Oct 2011.
[Jacket inside front cover summary:]
Across Australia, early Europeans commented again and again that the land looked like a park. With extensive grassy patches and pathways, open woodlands and abundant wildlife, it evoked a country estate in England. Bill Gammage has discovered this was because Aboriginal people managed the land in a far more systematic and scientific fashion than we have ever realised.
For over a decade, he has examined written and visual records of the Australian landscape. He has uncovered an extraordinarily complex system of land management using fire, the life cycles of native plants, and the natural flow of water to ensure plentiful wildlife and plant foods throughout the year.
We know Aboriginal people spent far less time and effort than Europeans in securing food and shelter, and now we know how they did it. With details of land-management strategies from around Australia, The Biggest Estate on Earth rewrites the history of this continent, with huge implications for us today. Once Aboriginal people were no longer able to tend their country, it became overgrown and vulnerable to the hugely damaging bushfires we now experience.
… And what we think of as virgin bush in a national park is nothing of the kind.Interview about the book, 11 Oct 2011. Talk, contextualised for Melbourne history, 27 October 2011.
- Archer, Michael; Beale, Bob (2004). Going Native : Living in the Australian environment. Sydney: Hodder. ISBN 0733615228.
- Gerritsen, Rupert (2008). Australia and the Origins of Agriculture. Archaeopress. ISBN 9781407303543. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Lourandos, Harry (2010). "Australia and the Origins of Agriculture by Rupert Gerritsen [Book Review]". Australian Archaeology (book review) (Australian Archaeological Association Inc. (QLD)) 70: 75–77. ISSN 0312-2417. Archived from the original on June 2010.
- Walsh, F. J. (2009). "Rupert Gerritsen: Australia and the origins of agriculture [Book Review]". GeoJournal 74 (5): 499–501. doi:10.1007/s10708-009-9280-y.
- Hillman, Gordon; Hedges, Robert; Moore, Andrew; Colledge, Susan; Pettitt, Paul (1 May 2001). "New evidence of Lateglacial cereal cultivation at Abu Hureyra on the Euphrates". The Holocene 11 (4): 383 –393. doi:10.1191/095968301678302823. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
Hitherto, the earliest archaeological finds of domestic cereals in southwestern Asia have involved wheats and barleys dating from the beginning of the Holocene, 11–12000 calendar years ago. New evidence from the site of Abu Hureyra suggests that systematic cultivation of cereals in fact started well before the end of the Pleistocene by at least 13000 years ago, and that rye was among the first crops. The evidence also indicates that hunter-gatherers at Abu Hureyra first started cultivating crops in response to a steep decline in wild plants that had served as staple foods for at least the preceding four centuries. The decline in these wild staples is attributable to a sudden, dry, cold, climatic reversal equivalent to the ‘Younger Dryas’ period. At Abu Hureyra, therefore, it appears that the primary trigger for the occupants to start cultivating caloric staples was climate change. It is these beginnings of cultivation in the late Pleistocene that gave rise to the integrated grain-livestock Neolithic farming systems of the early Holocene.
- Weiss, Ehud; Kislev, Mordechai E.; Hartmann, Anat (16 June 2006). "Autonomous Cultivation Before Domestication" (PDF). Science 312 (5780): 1608–1610. doi:10.1126/science.1127235. issn 0036-8075; issn 1095-9203. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Wadley, Greg (2009). "Melbourne University Research Staff: MSc research: My MSc thesis proposed an explanation of apparently-unadaptive human behaviour in post-agricultural societies...". Greg Wadley. Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: University of Melbourne. Retrieved 10 Nov 2011.
- Brantl, V.; Teschemacher, H.; Henschen, A.; Lottspeich, F. (1979). "Novel opioid peptides derived from casein (beta-casomorphins)". Hoppe-Seyler’s Zeitschrift fur Physiologische Chemie 360: 1211–6.
- Dohan, F. C.; Harper, E. H.; Clark, M. H.; Rodrigue, R. B.; Zigas, V. (1984). "Is schizophrenia rare if grain is rare?". Biological Psychiatry 19 (3): 385–399. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- Cohen, M. N. (1989). Health and the rise of civilization. New Haven.: Yale University Press.
- Katz, S. H.; Voigt, M. M (1986). "Bread and beer: the early use of cereals in the human diet". Expedition 28: 23–34.
- Zioudrou, C.; Streaty, R.; Klee, W. (1979). "Opioid peptides derived from food proteins: the exorphins". Journal of Biological Chemistry 254: 244 S9.
- Nesse, R. M.; Streaty, R.; Klee, W. (1997). "Psychoactive drug use in evolutionary perspective". Science 278: 64–65.
- Cordain, Loren (1999). "Cereal grains: humanity’s double-edged sword" (PDF). World review of nutrition and dietetics 84: 19–73. ISSN 0084-2230.
- Zapata, Lydia; Peña-Chocarro, Leonor; Pérez-Jordá, Guillem; Stika, Hans-Peter (2004). "Early Neolithic Agriculture in the Iberian Peninsula". Journal of World Prehistory 18 (4).
- Belyaeva, Yu. A.; Dubynin, V. A.; Stovolosov, I.; Kamensky, A. A. (2008). "Neurotropic Activity of Exorphins with Different Affinity to the Opioid Receptors of m and d-Types". Neurochemical Journal 2 (1-2).
- Gritsai, O. B.; Dubynin, V. A.; Bespalova, Zh. D.; Pilipenko, V. E. (2009). "Effects of Several Exorphins and Endorphins on the Escape Reaction of the Cockroach Periplaneta americana under Elevated Temperature Conditions". Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology 45 (4): 476–483.
- Reichelt, K. L.; Gardner, M. L. G. (2012). "Genetic and dietary factors related to schizophrenia". Open Journal of Psychiatry 2: 12–20. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- Hayden, B.; Canuel, N.; Shanse, J. (2012). "What Was Brewing in the Natufian? An Archaeological Assessment of Brewing Technology in the Epipaleolithic". Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory Jan.
- Dunn, R.; Streaty, R.; Klee, W. (2012). "A Sip for the Ancestors: The True Story of Civilization’s Stumbling Debt to Beer and Fungus" (beware of numerous typing and grammar errors, as present in this article at 30 Jan 2013). Scientific American. February 15.
- Wadley, Greg; Martin, Angus (1993). "The Origins of Agriculture: A biological perspective and a new hypothesis". Australian Biologist 6: 95–105. This older paper has both: some crucial insights and some evidently very incorrect preconceptions—errors, it’s extremely partial (or ethnocentrically–partisan) in its value. With this in mind, please read it—it’s important in its crucial insights—read out the errors (by using other scholarly study). Their still–partial update is here to help you read out the real errors. Be certain, the 'Western' foods drugs are real, and not errors.
- Cunninghamia journal (NSW Government, Sydney).
- Ecological Management and Restoration journal (Wliey). doi:10.1111/(ISSN)1442-8903
- Pacific Conservation Biology journal (Surrey Beatty and Sons).
- Australian Journal of Botany (CSIRO, Australia).
- Telopea journal (of NSW Herbarium. NSW Government, Sydney).
- Muelleria: ("A research journal published by Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne since 1955." Victorian Government, Melbourne).
- Mizutani, K. (2006). "An Examination Using Seeds in Clay Pellets for Reforestation of Devastated Land". Journal of the Japanese Forest Society 88 (2): 126–130. doi:10.4005/jjfs.88.126.
- Jones, Rebecca (3 Sep 2010). Green Harvest: A History of Organic Farming and Gardening in Australia. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9780643098374. Retrieved 25 Jan 2013.
- Hobbs, Richard J.; Saunders, Denis A., eds. (1993). Reintegrating Fragmented Landscapes: Towards sustainable production and nature conservation. New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0387978062.
- Saunders, Denis A.; Hobbs, Richard J., eds. (1987). Nature Conservation: The role of remnants of native vegetation. Chipping Norton, NSW: Surrey Beatty. ISBN 0949324086.
- Saunders, Denis A.; Hobbs, Richard J.; Ehrlich, Paul R., eds. (1993). Nature Conservation 3: Reconstruction of Fragmented Ecosystems: Global and regional perspectives. Chipping Norton: Surrey Beatty & Sons. ISBN 0949324507. —contents
- Saunders, Denis A.; Craig, John L.; Mattiske, Elizabeth M., eds. (1996). Nature Conservation 4: The Role of Networks. Chipping Norton: Surrey Beatty & Sons. ISBN 0949324655.
- Craig, J. L., ed. (2000). Conservation in Production Environments: Managing the Matrix. Nature Conservation 5. Surrey Beatty & Sons. ISBN 9780949324887.
- Schulze, Ernst-Detlef; Mooney, Harold A., eds. (1994). Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0387558047.
- Smith, Thomas Michael; Shugart, Herman H. (Hank); Woodward, F. Ian, eds. (1997). Plant Functional Types: Their relevance to ecosystem properties and global change. Volume 1 of International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme book series. Cambridge: Cambridge Unversity Press. ISBN 0521566436.
- Meadows, Donella H; Meadows, Dennis L.; Randers, Jørgen; Behrens III, William W. (1972). The Limits to growth: a report for the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe Books. ISBN 0-87663-165-0.
- Fox, Warwick (1990). Toward a Transpersonal Ecology: Developing New Foundations for Environmentalism. Boston and London: Shambhala Publications. ISBN 9780791427750. (Author website)
- Totton, Nick (2007). "Living on earth: embodiment and ecopsychology" (PDF). Self and Society (Great Britain: Association for Humanistic Psychology in Britain) 35 (3): 15–24. ISSN 0306-0497.
- Howitt, Alfred (1890–1). "The Eucalypts of Gippsland". Transactions of the Royal Society of Victoria (Melbourne, Vic.: Royal Society of Victoria) 2: 81–120. Archived from the original on 31 Oct 2009. Retrieved 18 Nov 2011. Check date values in:
- Lingard, Joseph (1846?). A Narrative of the Journey to and from New South Wales: Including a seven years’ residence in that country (PDF) (electronic resource). s.n. (Printer: Chapel-en-le-Frith: J. Taylor). Check date values in:
- 敏郎 (Toshiro), 渡邉 (Watanabe); Skrzypczak, Edmund R.; Snowden, Paul, eds. (July 2003). 『新和英大辞典 第５版 Kenkyūsha's New Japanese-English Dictionary』 (Shin wa-ei daijiten) (hardcover book). Tōkyo: 研究社 (Kenkyūsha). ISBN 978-4-7674-2016-5.
- 敏郎 (Toshiro), 渡邉 (Watanabe); Skrzypczak, Edmund R.; Snowden, Paul, eds. (Sep 2004). 『新和英大辞典 第５版 Kenkyūsha's New Japanese-English Dictionary』 (Shin wa-ei daijiten) (CDROM). Tōkyo: 研究社 (Kenkyūsha). ISBN 978-4-7674-7201-0.
- International Programs (1996). Irasuto Nippon marugoto jiten / Japan at a Glance. Tōkyo: Kōdansha. ISBN 4770020805.
- Horiuchi, Katsuaki; Ishiyama, Kōichi (1997). Shogakukan Pocket Progressive Japanese-English/English-Japanese Dictionary. (2nd ed.). Tōkyo: Shōgakkan. ISBN 4095060220.
- Habein, Yaeko (1991). The Complete Guide to Everyday Kanji. Tōkyo New York: Kōdansha International. Distributed in the U.S. by Kodansha America. ISBN 4770015097.
- Hudson, Mutsuko (1994). English Grammar for Students of Japanese. Ann Arbor: Olivia and Hill Press. ISBN 9780934034166.
- Kindaichi, Haruhiko (1988) [1957 『日本語』 (Nihongo) (in Japanese)]. Nihongo [The Japanese Language]. Translated into English by Umeyo Hirano. Boston: Charles E. Tuttle Co. ISBN 9780804815796.
- Sugawara, Makoto; Sabin, Burritt (1989). Nihongo: A Japanese approach to Japanese. Tōkyo, Japan: East Publications. ISBN 4915645061.
- Tamamuro, Fumio; Shōji, Kakuko (1997). The Modern English-Nihongo Dictionary / Nihongo gakushū Ei-Nichi jiten. Kōdansha Dictionary. Tōkyo: Kōdansha. ISBN 9784770021489.
- Corwin, Charles (1994). A Dictionary of Japanese and English Idiomatic Equivalents. Tōkyo: Kōdansha International. ISBN 4770018436.
- Makino, Seiichi (1989). A dictionary of basic Japanese grammar / Nihongo kihon bunpō jiten. Tokyo, Japan: Japan Times. ISBN 9784789004541.
- Makino, Seiichi (1995). A dictionary of intermediate Japanese grammar / Nihongo bunpō jiten (chūkyū hen). Tokyo: Japan Times. ISBN 9784789007757.
- A discussion with some good writing on the subject of WWWJDIC? : here.
- Panikkar, Raimon (2000). translator Robert Vachon. "La religion, la philosophie et la culture (?)" [Religion, Philosophy and Culture]. Forum for Intercultural Philosophy 1. ISSN 1616-2943. Originally published in French in INTERculture 1998 135: 99-120.