User:Madalibi/Scramble for concessions

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In the scramble for concessions of the late 1890s, Germany, Britain, Japan, Russia, and France forced the government of the Qing dynasty to grant them concessions and exclusive spheres of influence in various regions of China.

On 14 November 1897, in retaliation for the killing of two German missionaries during the Juye Incident of 1 November, Germany seized Jiaozhou Bay, which it had coveted for many years. (Huenemann, The dragon and the iron horse: the economics of railroads in China, 1876-1937, pp. 50-51; Esherick 127-30)

China in the late 1890s[edit]

German seizure of Jiazhou Bay[edit]

The scramble for concessions[edit]

The Open Door Policy[edit]

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Consequences[edit]