User:Madhero88/Kawasaki disease/MY

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Classification[edit]

Kawasaki disease is a form of necrotizing vasculitis,[1] affecting small and medium sized blood vessels,[2][3][4]in particular coronary arteries.[5] It is a syndrome affecting multiple organ systems, and in the acute stage of KD, systemic inflammatory changes are evident in many organs.[3] Myocarditis,[6] pericarditis, valvulitis, aseptic meningitis, pneumonitis, lymphadenitis, and hepatitis may be present and are manifested by the presence of inflammatory cells in the affected tissues.[3] It is a form of an autoimmune vasculitis[7]


  1. ^ Guillevin L, Pagnoux C (2008). "[Classification of systemic vasculitides]". La Revue Du Praticien (in French). 58 (5): 480–6. PMID 18524103.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Amano S, Hazama F, Hamashima Y (1979). "Pathology of Kawasaki disease: II. Distribution and incidence of the vascular lesions". Japanese Circulation Journal. 43 (8): 741–8. PMID 41114.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. ^ a b c Fujiwara H, Fujiwara T, Kao TC, Ohshio G, Hamashima Y (1986). "Pathology of Kawasaki disease in the healed stage. Relationships between typical and atypical cases of Kawasaki disease". Acta Pathologica Japonica. 36 (6): 857–67. PMID 3766134.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. ^ Rigante D (2006). "Clinical overview of vasculitic syndromes in the pediatric age". European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. 10 (6): 337–45. PMID 17274537. 
  5. ^ Castro PA, Urbano LM, Costa IM (2009). "[Kawasaki disease]". Anais Brasileiros De Dermatologia (in Portuguese). 84 (4): 317–29. PMID 19851663.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. ^ Dahdah N (2010). "Not just coronary arteritis, Kawasaki disease is a myocarditis, too". Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 55 (14): 1507; author reply 1507–8. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2009.11.067. PMID 20359606.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  7. ^ Kim DS (2006). "Kawasaki disease". Yonsei Medical Journal. 47 (6): 759–72. PMC 2687814Freely accessible. PMID 17191303.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)