|Shri Godiji Parshwanth Temple|
Shri Godiji Parshwanth Temple, Mumbai
|Location||Pydhonie, Mumbai, India|
Godiji Parshwanath ((Hindi: श्री गोडीजी पार्श्वनाथ; Gujarati: શ્રી ગોડીજી પાર્શ્વનાથ)) is the name given to several images of the Jain Tirthankar Parshwananth in India, and to the temple where it is the main deity (mulanayaka).
Godiji Parshwanth Temple in Mubai
Among the images that bear the name Godiji Parshwanth, the best known is Godiji Parshvanath in the Pydhuni locality of Bombay. It was established in beginning of the eighteenth century. The image was brought from Hamirpur in Rajasthan. The temple was moved in samvat 1859 because of a fire. Its 200th anniversay will be celebrated on May 1, 2012.
Other Godiji Parshwanth Temples
Other Godiji Parshwanth temples are at Pune, Mohbatnagar, Shivnagar, Falaudi, Laaj,Gohili, Jalore, Sanchor Ahmedabad, Jamnagar, Hyderabad, Guntur, Chitradurga etc.
The original Gori Temple in Tharparkar
For several centuries, the temple at Goripur was a celebrated Jain tirtha. A account of its building is contained in "Gaudi Parshvanath Stavan" by Pritivimala, composed in Samvat 1650 and "Shri Gaudi Parshvanath Stavan" written by Nemavijaya in Samvat 1807.
According to Muni Darshanvijaya, it was installed by Seth Godidas of Jhinjhuvad and was consecreted by Acharya Hemachandra at Patan in Samvat 1228. It was brought to Patan and was buried underground for safekeeping during a period of disturbance. It was rediscovered in Samvat 1432 and was stored in the stable of the local ruler.
According to the old texts, a merchant Megha Sa from Nagarparkar acquired the image by paying 125 dramma or 500 pieces and brought to Nagarparkar, where it was formally reconsecreted by Acharya Merutunga Suri of Anchalagachchha. Later, according to instructions he received in a dream, he settled a new town at Godipur and constructed a temple in samvat 1444, thus establishing the Godi Parshvanth Tirth. The shikhar of the temple was completed by his son Mahio.
The tirth became famous and was visited by the Jains from afar.
It was visited by Stanley Napier Raikes in 1854. Raikes met local Jains to compile recent history and consulted a Jain Yati Goorjee Kuntvujajee at Bodhesar, who had manuscripts describing the history of the temple.
In AD 1716, the local chief Soda Sutojee moved the image from the temple to a fort. The image used to buried underground at a secret location for safekeeping, and used to be taken out time to time with great elebration. Raikes write that thousands of monks and hundreds of thousands of ordinary people assembled for the fairs held in 1764, 1788, 1796, 1810, 1822 and 1824 for the idol’s exhibition. In AD 1832, the chief Soda Poonjajee, who was the only person who knew the location of the image, was captured by the ex-Ameers and died in captivity. The image was never seen again.
Jain Muni Vidyavijayaji visited Sindh in 1937. He notes that the temple was empty, and had decayed. A local Bhil served as a guard. At that time there were still many Jain families in towns near Nagarparkar. During india's partition in 1947, the Jains left and the temple became inaccesable to the Jain community.
- Gori jo Mandar: Desert rose, By Aakash Santorai, Published: February 2, 2011, Express Tribune Pakistan, http://tribune.com.pk/story/109991/gori-jo-mandar-desert-rose/
- On seventh heaven in Pydhonie, Times Of India, Jun 21, 2003, http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/On-seventh-heaven-in-Pydhonie/articleshow/34209.cms
- Grand celebrations on cards as Jain temple completes 200 yrs, Mar 24, 2012, Daily News and Analysis, http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report_grand-celebrations-on-cards-as-jain-temple-completes-200-yrs_1666662
- Golden crown worth Rs 2 lakh stolen from Godiji Parshwanath Temple; police study CCTV images, Mid-day, 2012-03-02, http://www.mid-day.com/news/2012/mar/020312-Theft-at-temple.htm
- Bhanvarlal Nahta, Shri Gaudi Parchvanath Tirth, Muni Jinavijaya Abhinandan Granth, Ed. Dalsukh Malvania, Jinavijayaji Samman Samiti, Jaipur, 1971, p. 263-275
- Jain Paramparano Itihas, Munishi Darshanvijaya, Jnanavijaya, Nyayavijaya, Charitra Smarak Granthamala, Ahmedabad, 1960, p. 739-743
- Stanley Napier Raikes, Memoir on the Thurr and Parkur districts of Sind, Education Society's Press, Byculla, 1859. p. 83, Appendix B,
- Footloose: The lost idol of Gorecha —Salman Rashid, Daily Times, Pakistan, June 27, 2008, http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C06%5C27%5Cstory_27-6-2008_pg3_5
- Reports regarding the archaeological remains in Kurrachee, Hyderabad, and Shikárpur collectorates, in Sindh, with plans of tombs, Volume 8 of Archæological Survey of Western India, Archaeological Survey of India, Govt. Central Press, 1879, p. 29
- Essai de bibliographie Jaina: répertoire analytique et méthodique des relatifs au Jainisme, By Armand Albert Guérinot, E. Leroux, 1906
- Mari Sindhyatra, Muni Vidyavijayaji, Shri Vijayavardhamanasuri Jain Granthmala, v. 53, 1943 AD, p. 13-15
- District Tharparkar Official Site http://tharparkar.gos.pk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=93&Itemid=88
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