From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- 1 Movie, OVA and new manga releases
- 2 Events, and major news
- 3 Prizes
- 4 Milestones
- 5 Deaths
- 6 References
Movie, OVA and new manga releases
Events, and major news
- 1 January – NASA's GRAIL-B satellite successfully enters lunar orbit, joining its twin spacecraft GRAIL-A. The two satellites will study the Moon's gravitational field, generating a detailed map of its fluctuations to help scientists understand how the Moon formed.
- 2 January
- China launches its first commercial 3DTV channel, operated by China Central Television (CCTV).
- A new study shows that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a safe and effective intervention for treatment-resistant depression in patients with either unipolar major depressive disorder (MDD) or bipolar ll disorder (BP).
- 3 January – Genetically modified fast-ageing mice exhibited improved health and lived two to three times longer than expected after being injected with stem cells, according
Main article: Abel Prize
- 2012 Abel Prize: Endre Szemerédi
Fundamental Physics Prize
Main article: Fundamental Physics Prize
- 2012 Fundamental Physics Prize: Nima Arkani-Hamed, Alan Guth, Alexei Kitaev, Maxim Kontsevich, Andrei Linde, Juan Maldacena, Nathan Seiberg, Ashoke Sen and Edward Witten
- 2012 FPP special award: Stephen Hawking, Peter Jenni, Fabiola Gianotti, Michel Della Negra, Tejinder Singh Virdee, Guido Tonelli, Joe Incandela and Lyn Evans
Main article: Kyoto Prize
- 2012 Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology: Ivan Sutherland
- 2012 Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences: Yoshinori Ohsumi
Main articles: List of Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine, List of Nobel laureates in Physics, and List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry
- 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka
- 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics: Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland
- 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka
- 3 January – James F. Crow, American geneticist (b. 1916).
- 6 January – Roger Boisjoly, American rocket engineer (b. 1938).
- 16 February – Donald Henry Colless, Australian entomologist (b. 1922).
- 19 February – Renato Dulbecco, Italian American virologist, winner of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1914).
- 24 February – Oliver Wrong, British nephrologist (b. 1925).
- 10 March – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American atmospheric chemist, winner of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1927).
- 24 March – Sir Paul Callaghan, New Zealand physicist (b. 1947).
- 8 April – Fang Lizhi, Chinese astrophysicist and political activist (b. 1936).
- 20 April – George Cowan, American chemist, Manhattan Project scientist and businessman (b. 1920).
- 29 April – Roland Moreno, Egyptian-born French inventor of the smart card, Légion d'Honneur recipient (b. 1945).
- 12 May
- 20 May – Eugene Polley, American engineer, inventor of the wireless television remote control (b. 1915).
- 21 May – Alan Thorne, Australian anthropologist (b. 1939).
- 27 May – Friedrich Hirzebruch, German mathematician (b. 1927).
- 30 May – Sir Andrew Huxley, British physiologist and biophysicist, winner of the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1917).
- 7 June
- 13 June – William Standish Knowles, American chemist, winner of the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917).
- 3 July – Sergio Pininfarina, Italian automotive engineer and Senator for life (b. 1926).
- 8 July – Lord Henry Chilver, British engineer, lecturer and politician (b. 1926).
- 21 July – Geoffrey Hattersley-Smith, British geologist and glaciologist (b. 1923).
- 23 July – Sally Ride, American physicist and astronaut, first American woman in space (b. 1951).
- 26 July – Ralph Slatyer, Australian ecologist and first Chief Scientist of Australia (b. 1929).
- 2 August – Sir Gabriel Horn, British biologist (b. 1927).
- 3 August – Martin Fleischmann, British chemist and cold fusion theorist (b. 1927).
- 6 August – Sir Bernard Lovell, British physicist and radio astronomer (b. 1913).
- 14 August – Sergei Kapitsa, Russian physicist and TV host (b. 1928).
- 21 August – William Thurston, American mathematician, winner of the 1982 Fields Medal (b. 1946).
- 25 August – Neil Armstrong, American astronaut, first human being to set foot upon the Moon (b. 1930).
- 6 September – Jerome Horwitz, American chemist, inventor of the anti-HIV drug azidothymidine (b. 1919).
- 8 September – Bill Moggridge, British industrial designer who created the original laptop shape (b. 1943).
- 9 September – Ron Taylor, Australian shark expert, conservationist and filmmaker (b. 1934).
- 25 September – Dame Louise Johnson, British biochemist (b. 1940).
- 29 September – Neil Smith, Scottish geographer (b. 1954).
- 5 October – Keith Campbell, British biologist who was involved in creating the first cloned mammal (b. 1954)
- 15 October – Maria Petrou, Greek-born British artificial intelligence researcher (b. 1953).
- 17 October – Stanford Ovshinsky, American physicist and inventor who designed the battery now used in hybrid cars (b. 1922).
- 20 October
- 29 October – Wallace L. W. Sargent, Anglo-American astronomer (b. 1935).
- 11 November – Farish Jenkins, American paleontologist (b. 1940).
- 12 November – Daniel Stern, American psychologist (b. 1934).
- 14 November – Norman Greenwood, Australian chemist (b. 1925).
- 26 November – Joseph Murray, American surgeon and organ transplant pioneer, joint winner of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1919).
- 9 December
- 17 December – Colin Spedding, British agricultural scientist (b. 1925).
- 24 December – Guy Dodson, New Zealand biochemist (b. 1937).
- 27 December – Archie Roy, Scottish astronomer (b. 1924).
- 30 December
- "NASA's Twin Grail Spacecraft Reunite in Lunar Orbit". BBC. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- "China launches first 3D TV channel". BBC. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- "Deep brain stimulation shows promising results for unipolar and bipolar depression". MedicalXpress. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- "The 2012 Kyoto Prize Laureates". Inamori Foundation. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- "Roland Moreno obituary". The Guardian. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2012.