User:Miwasatoshi/List of tree names in various languages

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The following tables list the names of common trees in various languages and scripts of the world. Where possible, each language's native writing system is used, along with transliterations in Latin script and other important writing systems where applicable.

Contents

Old World language families[edit]

Afro-Asiatic languages[edit]

Egyptian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Egyptian w'n
Coptic nom qwri

Semitic languages[edit]

Language Tree Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Akkadian iṣum ašūhu burāšu
daparānu
daprānu
supālu
allānu
Arabic شَجَرَة
šájara
تنوب
tunub
صنوبر
ṣanawbar
عَرْعَر
arar
قيقب
qayqab
بهشية
bihashiah
قضبان
qutban
بلوط
ballūṭ
سنديان
sindyān
مران
murrani
كرز
karaz
صفصاف
safsaf
دردار
dardar
Egyptian Arabic sheguera 'arz صنوبر
ṣunubar
عَرْعَر
'ar'ar
أرو
ʾarru
baloot
sindiyán
كريز
kireiz
sifsáf
washa'
dirdár
Maltese siġra taż-żnuber arżnu għargħar
ġnibru
aġġru betulla <br/? ġummara balluta
tal-ballut
ċirasa salċi
żafżafa
ulmu
Biblical Hebrew עץ
etz
בְּרוֹשׁ
berosh
אֹ֫רֶן
oren
עֲרוֹעֵר
aroer
רֹ֫תֶם
rethem
אַלּוֹן
allon
צפצפה
tsaphtsâphâh
Hebrew עץ
etz
אשוח
ashuach
אורן
oren
ערער
arar
אֶדֶר
éder
אלון
alon
עץ דובדבן
'etz duvdevan
עֲרָבָה
arava
בוקיצה
Ugaritic dprn
Aramaic bəlūṭā
dar-balūṭa
paquske xīlapta
Mandaic alvnpya cynya baluda
bvlywz
mylya
ewrbvnv
Syriac 'elātē 'isṭrubliyā daprānā bəlūṭā qerasiyā
Ge'ez 'om 'ilāṭe
'eleṭe
ḥəqqʷ
peṭen
piṭon
sanobār
saṭarabelon
saṭrobilon
ṣəḥd bālut
dərs
dərus
pəryon
qərāsəyā 'eṭə'ā
kʷiḥā
Tigrinya gerebɨ
omɨ
s’ɨħɨdi 'anqʷa
ṣəḥdi
baluṭ kʷiḥā
t͡ʃeri
Tigre sänobär 'anqa
ṣəḥd
Amharic zaf sänobar ṭəd yäts'd zaf baluṭ tikur inchet kaya
Harari lafú ṭəḥdi
Gafat zafʷɛ čədā

Berber languages[edit]

Language Tree Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Kabyle addag
ttəʒrˁa
azumbi εεeṛεeṛ iccer ggizem icꝁir
iggi
tasaft
zzan
abucic
aḍebbuj
laḥeḃlemluki
laḥebbeṭ-lemluk
liḥeḃlemlukin
aṣefṣaf ulmu

Cushitic languages[edit]

Language Tree Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Awngi kani tsədi
Blin 'ənqʷā
Somali baar
geed
deyib shoï
Timbaro ṭəda

Austro-Asiatic languages[edit]

Mon-Khmer languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Vietnamese linh sam thông bách xù phong ô rô phong sồi anh đào liểu du
Katu ŋɔ
Triw ʔiŋɔ:
Western Bruu
(Bru-Vân Kiều)
sǝŋɔ
Pacoh ʔǝŋɔ:
Ta Oi aŋɔ:
Rengao hǝŋo.T
Sedang hǝŋɔ.T

Khasi-Khmuic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
De'ang ŋge
ŋkɛ:i
U ki.1
Ava ghiʔ
Lawa ŋgiʔ
Paraok giʔ.B
Va (Wa) khiʔ.B
gum-

Munda languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Santali balut dare

Austronesian languages[edit]

Malayo-Polynesian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Indonesian cemara pinus jintan maple holly birch
birk
ek
oak
ceri
sakura
dedalu elm
Malay pain
pinus
jintan saru mapel mensirah bic oak ash ceri dedalu elm
Tagalog pir pino dyuniper mepl asebo owk seresa
tseri
wilow
Hawaiian lā'au ka'a
pila
'aleka
paina lunipela
lokema
mēpala 'aiea
kāwa'u
pūkowi 'oka 'ōlena keli wīlou lā'au ka'a

Basque language[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Basque
(Gipuzkoan)
izei pinu ipar-ipuru astigar
aztigar
gorostia urki haritz lizar gerezi
gereziondo
sahats zumar
Biscayan astigar
Upper Navarrese astigar
Lapurdian gastigar
gaztigar
Lower Navarrese leher astigar
gastigar
gaztigar
Souletin
(Zuberoan)
leher astigar
Roncalese ler astigar
gaztigar

Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages[edit]

Chukotkan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Chukchi wǝ́lɣil

Kamchatkan languages[edit]

Dravidian languages[edit]

Northern Dravidian[edit]

Central Dravidian[edit]

South-Central Dravidian[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Telugu భూర్జము
bhūrjamu
ఒక విధమైన చెట్టు
oka vidhamaina ceTTu

Southern Dravidian[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Tamil தேவதாரு
tēvatāru
milaru
purchchamaram
karuvalimaram
sinthuramaram
vanavirukshavisesham
ormaram
Toda pǖɫ̣
Kannada huruḷu

Hurro-Urartian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Hurrian azúγi azúγi mahri

Indo-European languages[edit]

Albanian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Albanian bardhë
bredh
pishë
zezë
dëllinja fletëgjerë
ulzë
ashja mështekna dushku
lis
frashër qershi
vishnjë
shelgu vidh

Anatolian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Hittite tanau- hiqqar- katta-kangali

Armenian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Armenian եղևնի
eġevni
սոճի
soč̣i
գիհի
gihi
թխկի
t'xki
սղոցի
sġoc'i
կեչի
keči
կաղնի
kaġni
հացենի
hac'eni
հացի
hac'i
բալենի
baleni
կեռասենի
keraseni
ուռենի
ureni
թեղի
t'eġi

Balto-Slavic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Old Prussian adlē peuse
preidē
kaddegs skutîs berzē gilē (v)osis sindis apevitvo
apsē
skirptus
vinksno
Latvian baltegle priede kadiķis kļava aslapainā palma bērzs ozols osis ķirši kārkls
vītols
gobas
Latgalian egle prīds kļovs bārzs ūzuls ūss tresneica
vīšne
veituls
Lithuanian kėnis pušis kadagys klevas bugienis beržas ąžuolas uosis kryklė
trešnė
vyšnia
blindė
gluosnis
karklas
guoba
Samogitian eglė pošės kadagys klevs beržos ōžouls ousis čerešnės
vīšnės
Old Church Slavonic boru' sosna smrěčъ breza dǫbŭ yasika vrĭbije
Russian пихта
píxta
сосна
sosná
можжевельник
možževél’nik
клён
kljon
падуб
pádub
берёза
berjóza
дуб
dúb
ясень
jásen’
черешня
čeréšnja
вишня
víšnja
ива
íva
верба
vérba
ильм
il'm
вяз
vjaz
Ukrainian ялиця
yalitsya
ялинка
yalynka
сосна
sosna
яловець
yalovets’
ялівець
yalivets’
клен
klen
падуб
padub
береза
bereza
дуб
dub
ясеня
yasenya
вишня
vyšnja
верба
verba
в'яза
v'yaza
Belarusian піхта
pixta
сасна
sasná
хвоя
xvója
ядловец
jadloviec
клён
klion
падуб
padub
бяроза
biaroza
бярозавы
biarozavy
дуб
dub
ясеня
jasienia
вішнёвы
višniovy
вярба
vyarba
вяз
viaz
Czech jedle borovice jalovec javor cesmina bříza dub jasan třešeň
třešně
višeň
vrba jilm
Slovak jelka borovica
smrek
obyčajná javor cezmínu breza dub jaseň čerešna vŕba brest
Polish jodła sosna jałowiec klon ostrokrzew brzoza dąb jesion czereśnia
wiśnia
wierzba wiąz
Silesian dymb trzyśńa dřewo
Kashubian sosna
chójka
jałówc jawòr
klón
brzózka krzesznia
wisznia
wierzba wijąg
Polabian süsnó jeivó
Upper Sorbian jědla chójna jałorc klon wótrolist brěza dub jaseń wišnja wjerba wjaz
Lower Sorbian jedła chójca klon wótrolist brjaza dub jaseń wišnina wjerba wěz
Bulgarian ела
ela
бор
bor
мура
mura
хвойна
khvoĭna
клен
klen
явор
yavor
джел
dzhel
бреза
breza
дъб
dŭb
пепел
pepel
ясен
yasen
върба
čereša
вишна
višna
върба
vŭrba
бряст
bryast
Macedonian чам
čam
ела
ela
бор
bor
смрека
smreka
јавор
javor
клен
klen
зелениката
zelenikata
бреза
breza
даб
dab
јасен
jacen
пепел
pepel
цреша
creša
вишна
višna
врба
vrba
брест
brest
Bosnian jéla bor kleka javor božika breza hrast jasen trešnja
višnja
vrba brest
Croatian jéla bor
pinija
borovica
kleka
smrič
javor
klen
božika
crnika
breza hrast jasen trešnja
višnja
vrba brijest
vez
Serbian јела
jela
бор
bor
боровина
borovina
клека
kleka
смрека
smreka
јавор
javor
зеленика
zelenika
бреза
breza
храст
hrast
јасен
jasen
трешња
trešnja
вишња
višnja
врба
vrba
брест
brest
Slovene jelka bor
pinija
brin javor bodika breza hrast jesen češnja
višnja
vrba brest

Celtic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Gaulish adlinos
sappus
sappus opolos collis
colinnos
betua tanno
cassanos
lemo
limo
Welsh ffynidwydd
sybwydd
pinwydd meryw
aith
eithin
masarn celyn bedw derw
dar
onnen ceirios helyg llwyfen
Old Breton ezlen ethin
Breton sapr
sap
pin jenevreg skav-gwrac'h kokoù
kelenn
bezv
bezuenn
dero
tann
onn
ounnenn
kerez
kerezenn
halek
halegen
evlec'h
Cornish (historical) aidhlen
aidlen
saban
sibnit
sibuit
pin
saban
sibuit
eythinen celin
holm
bedewen
bezo
bezula
derven
glastenen
enwedhan
onnen
heligen elaw
ula
Cornish (modern) saban
zaban
zabwîdh
pinbren merow gwyniolan kelynan bezowan dar
glastanan
enwedhan gwedhan shirian
keresan
heligan elan
Old Irish gius
ochtach
ailm
giuis
ochtach
aitenn cuileand
cuilenn
tinne
beithe
bethe
dair
daur
onn
ind-huinnius
idath sail
sailech
lem
Middle Irish gius
ochtach
gius
ochtach
cuilenn fuindseog lem
Irish giúis
giumhas
crann giúise aiteal
aiteann
mhalpais cuileann
cuilenn
beith darach
dair
fuinseog
uinseann
silíní saileach
saileog
sleamháin
Scottish Gaelic giuthas ghiuthas
giuthas
aiteann mhalpais cuileann beith darach
darag
rìgh-na-coille
uinnseann siris(t) seileach ailm
leamhan
Scottish Gaelic
(MacBain)
giuthas giuthas aitionn
sineubhar
cuilionn beith darach uinnseann siris
sirist
seileach ailm
Manx juys juys malpys beih darragh unjin cocheayllagh shellagh

Germanic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
*Proto-Germanic furkhon feuht(j)ōn maplo- hulin- berkjon aiks askaz
askiz
salχaz
walg-
weligaz
withjon-
elmaz
Lombardic fereha
Old High German tanna fiohta
fiuhta
foraha
forha
einbere
kranawitu
wachal
mazzaltra hulis birka eih
fereheih
ask kirsa salaha
wida
elm
Middle High German tanne
vorhe
kien
tan
viehte
einbere
kranewite
queckholder
ahorn
maser
huls birke
birche
eich
eiche
asch kirse
kirsche
wihsel
wide
wilge
elm
German Tanne Kiefer Wacholder Ahorn Stechpalme
Hulst
Birke Eiche Esche Kirsche Weide Ulme
Luxembourgish Fiicht Dänn Wakelter Ahorn Bierk Eech Esch Kiischte Weid Ulm
Pennsylvania German
(Pennsylvania Dutch)
Tanne Beintbaam Wacholder Meebel Stechpalme Baerickebaam Eeche Esch
Eschebaam
Kasch
Kaschebaam
Zuckerbaam
Weide
Weidebaam
Rauschebaam
Bavarian Tanna Kiefa Kranawitt Ahorn Biakn Oach Eschn Kiaschn Weidn Beaguiman
Alemannic German Dane
Tannu
Kiifer Reckholder Ahoorä Berchulti Eichä Chriädschibömm Wijrli
Vilamovian aach
Yiddish טענענבוים
tenenboym
סאָסנע
sasne
sosne
קאַדיק
kadik
יאַלאָװעץ
yalovets
קליאָנ
klyon
נעזבױם
nezboym
בערעזע
bereze
דעמב
demb
אַשבוים
ashboym
קאַרש
karsh
ווײַנשל
vaynshl
ערבה
arava
ווערבע
verbe
Old Frankish hulis birke wīksina halster
salha
Middle Dutch danne pijn geniver huls
hulse
berke ek asch krieke
meggy
halster
wilghe
olme
Dutch spar
zilverspar
den jeneverbes esdoorn
ahorn
hulst berk eik es kers
kriek
wilg iep
olm
Afrikaans silwerspar denneboom jenewerstruik ahorn huls
steekpalm
berk eik
akkerboom
esseboom kersie wilger iep
olm
Old Saxon danna
dennia
furia
sivenbom mapulder hulis birka
biricha
ac ask kirsikbom wilgia olm
Middle Low German dan
danne
vūre
dan
danne
vūre
eyneberen-holt lönen-holt
mapeldorn
hüls berke ēke asch
esch
kornelle salwiede
wiede
wilge
elm
Dutch Low Saxon den jeneverbees plataan birk eek kaars
Gronings kaars
kaarze
Zeelandic ulst
Low German Danne Fuhr Einberenbom
Enbere
Machandelboom
Weissebern
Weisseper
Weissneber
Weissneper
Hülse
Hulst
Berke
Birke
Eekboom Esch Wispel Wiede Elm
Plautdietsch Tauneboom Tauneboom Wachholda Ssockaboom Boakjeboom Äkj Ascheboom Kjoasch
Kjoascheboom
Wied Reesta
Reestaboom
Old English æbs
furh
fyrh
pīn
pīntrēow
cwicbeam mapul-
mapultrēow
holeġn beorc
bierce
birce
āc æsc ciris salh
welig
wiliġ
elm
Middle English firre pine junipere mapel holin
hollen
birche
birk
ook asche
frayne
cheri welew
wilghe
wilowe
wilwe
elm
English fir pine juniper maple holly birch oak ash cherry osier
sallow
willow
withy
elm
Scots fir bunnet fir
pine
jeniper plane hollin birk aik esh cherry
gean
sauch
saugh
elm
North Frisian tan sjüürenbuum wacholder birkebuum iakebuum eskebuum käärsbuum pualemrut
wilag
liperbuum
Saterland Frisian Danne Fjuurenboom Wacholder Dulle-Huunde Birke Eeke Säärse Wüülgen
West Frisian wylch
Old Norse fūra fūra
thöll
einir hlynr
mösurr
hulfr björk eikr askr heggr píll
selja
almr
Norwegian - Bokmål edelgran
gran
furu einer
enebær
lønn
naur
kristtorn bjørk eik ask kirsebær vier alm
Norwegian - Nynorsk edelgran fura brake
brisk
eine
einer
sprake
lønn beinved
kristtorn
björk eik ask kirsebær selja alm
Icelandic furu fura einir hlyn Kristþyrnir
jólaviður
björk eik ask hegg
kirsuberjatré
víði álm
Faroese furu fura bjørk eik ask pílur álm
Danish ædelgran
gran
fyr enebær løn
naver
naur
kristtorn birk eg ask kirsebær pil elm
Swedish ädelgran
gran
tall en lönn
naver
järnek björk ek ask körsbär vide alm

Hellenic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Mycenaean Greek é-ra-to pí-tu-s thu-i-a pha-go-s e-ri-ka pte-re-wa
Classical Greek péuka kédro-s ákasto-s
sphéndamnos
aig-ílōp-s ípso-s akher-ōí-s helike
keras(e)ía
kéraso-s
élíkas
itea
iteia
pteléa
Greek έλατο
élato
πεύκο
peuko
άρκευθος
arkeuthos
σφένδαμος
sphendamos
ίλεξ
ilex
σημύδα
semuda
δρυς
drys
βελανιδιά
velanidiá
φραξός
phraxos
κερασιά
kerasiá
κερασιάς
kerasias
ιτιά
itia
λεύκα
léfka
φτελιά
phtelia

Indo-Iranian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Sanskrit pituhdaruh
सरला
sárala
akrá-ḥ bhūrja-ḥ
Hindi देवदार
dēvadāra
चिड़
cīra
पाइन
pā'ina
सनोबर
sanōbara
जुनिपर
junipara
मेपल
mēpala
सन्टी
sanṭī
बलूत
balūt
बांज
bān̄ja
चेरी
cērī
बेंत
bēnta
एल्म
ēlma
Urdu چلغوز
chilghozā
Romani
(Kalderash)
brádo píno yárba bagrémo búrcho bóro kasht-kovlo chirash yélma
Assamese সৰল
sarala
ওক
ōka
Bengali দেবদারূ
dēbadārū
পাইন
pā'ina
সরলবৃক্ষ
saralabr̥kṣa
একধরণের
ēkadharaṇēra
বৃক্ষবিশেষ
br̥kṣabiśēṣa
ম্যাপেল
myāpēla
চিরশ্যামল গুল্মবিশেষ
ciraśyāmala gulmabiśēṣa
বার্চ
bārca
ভূর্জ
bhūrja
ঠেঙ্গান
ṭhēṅgāna
ওক
ōka
চেরি
cēri
বৃক্ষবিশেষ
br̥kṣabiśēṣa
বেদারুজাতীয় বৃক্ষবিশেষ
bēdārujātīẏa br̥kṣabiśēṣa
Marathi dēvadārū
dhupācē ñjhāḍa
sarala
dhupāḷī atvikha
ativiṣa
vāḷuñja ainasādaḍā
Nepali धूपी
dhuupii
सल्ला
salila
Punjabi chíhl
chíl
Sindhi چيِلَ
chila
Dameli brū̃ṣ
Gawar-Bati bluz
Kashmiri badar
budulu
pūstil
pūstyulu
cīl
ʦēr
yörü
kanur
kīl-pathar
burza
būrza
balūt
baráin
sīla
cūjü
humu
sījū(wu)
gilās
zúmb
bēd
bisa
bŏṭa
gyuru
vīr
amaröī
bran
brārī
brērī
Kalami rā- čīr
šāţ
biţhir mūl ǰīǰ bä~y
mīr
käsunur ǰikin bǟ~
čikǟr
Palula
(Phalura)
brhuǯ
Konkani
(Goan)
pinh
Ossetic - Digor нæзи
næzi
Ossetic - Iron соцъи
sochi
нæзы
næzy
æхсcлы
æxsæly
tæгæр
tægær
бæрз
bærz
tулдз
tuldz
кæрз
kærz
æхсынцъы
æxsynchy
гуырдзиаг бал
gwyrdziag bal
xæрис
xæris
xъарман
qarman
Sanglechi bǝrǝž
Shughni ambaẍc bǝruǯ
Wakhi furz
Saka braṁj
Kurdish darûk
kac
tûz gêlaz bizî
buz
wiz
wuzm
Northern Kurdish çam
darûk
kac
Pashto
(Raverty, 1867)
nā-jū
ṣano-bar
nā-jū
naḵ́ẖtar
naś̱ẖtar
pey huc̱ẖ
ṣano-bar
sarāsar ḵẖarawaʿh a-lū-bālū
gī-lās
nāngaʿh
bed
paḏḏaʿh
saped-dār
walaʿh
wulaʿh
tāg̠ẖah
Pashto ښتر
naʂtar
صنوبر
ṣanaubar
وله
wala
Avestan hapərəsī- vaeiti-
Parthian
(Arsacid Pahlavi)
aburs
Balochi əpurs
Middle Persian
(Sassanid Pahlavi)
'bwrs('m) wēd
Middle Persian
(Pārsīg)
kāj
našk
afrā balūt gilanār vēd
Persian
(Steingass, 1892)
arjān arz
urz
debdār
devārū
dev-dārū
kāzh
nāj
nāzh
nāzhū
āwarin
āwarīn
āwzīn
dev-dār
dev-ḵẖār
dīwār
rāsan
ṣafīna
kuḵẖch
kuḵẖj
ballūt̤
sindiyān
ālī-bālī
ālū bālū
charāsiyā
gīlās
māhī-dāna
māhūdāna
nārwan
nārwān
qarāsiya
qarāsiyā
shibāb
t̤ārat̤qa
wishna
art̤e
art̤ī
bahrāma
bahrāmaj
bīd
ḵẖalāf
ṣafṣāf
sapedār
saped-dār
sāya-ḵẖẉush
tūsa
Persian
(Hayyim, 1934)
kaj
sanowbar
shah-derakht
kaj
sanowbar
ar-ar
ardaj
ares
jarjaree
sarv
afra
beelak
boosiam
raj ghooosheh baloot
sendian
ahr
gonjeshk
aloobaloo
geelas
peyvan'deh maryam'
vashneh
artee
ban
beed
safsaf
derakht
narvan
Persian نراد
narad
کاج
kâj
tus گیلاس
gilâs
بید
bid
guzm
narvan
vezm
Dari (Persian) archa alu-baalu beed
Tajik koç
sanavbar
burs
burz
tús gelos gujum
Waigali brūǯ

Italic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Latin abiēs pīnus iūniperus acer aquifolia betula quercus
robur
fraxinus cerasus salix ulmus
Latin, New abies pinus juniperus acer ilex betula quercus fraxinus cerasus salix ulmus
Vulgar Latin abies pinus iiniperus acer
acerabulus
acre
acrifolium betula ilicina
quercea
quercus
robellus
robur
fraxinus ceresia salix ulmus
Sardinian pinu
opinu
tziníbiri
tziníperu
àera
cóstiche
cóstighe
olàdighe
alàse
golósti
olósti
chélcu fràssu carésia
cariàsa
sàbixi
sàrpa
úlimu
Corsican ghjaddicu
ghjallicu
pinu caracutu leccia
suvara
frassu chjarasgiu vetriccia
Dalmatian vaple bos guarno
uarno
cris
Emilian pin zinipri òpi bdól qvèrza
róvra
scòrz
valuneia
frà^an maraschin
zrisa
séls ójom
Italian abete pino ginepro acero
oppio
agrifoglio betulla farnia
quercia
rovere
frassino ciliegio salice olmo
Ligurian avê
bexu
pin zenêvi
zenêvu
àrici
àriciu
agriföggi
agriföggiu
natta
natte
rüa
rüe
fràsci
fràsciu
ceéxa
ceéxe
çeixo
sarxi
sarxu
saxu
urmi
urmu
Lombard, Eastern
(Brescia)
pin acer scanfòi betüi querc fràssen maréna
saréza
ùlem
Lombard, Western
(Milanese)
pin acer àgher betüi querc fràssen maréna
scirésa
ùlem
ulma
Neapolitan pino acéro agrifoglio cercule
élece
ceraso
Piedmontese sapin pin genèiver
zenèiver
òbi agrifeuj
làur ëspinos
biola ròl
sron
frasso ceresera sàles orm
Sicilian abbeti
abbitu
abeti
abitu
àrzanu
deda
dera
pignu
pinu
teda
inìperu
janìparu
junìparu
junìperu
àciru
àgghiaru
arabbli
arabli
addaurufogghiu biola
bitudda
vitudda
cersa
cerza
cherza
chierza
amiddeu
amoddei
fràscinu
fràssinu
middeu
muddeu
muddìa
muddìu
amarena
cirasa
girasa
marena
salaguni
sàlici
urmu
Venetian tana firm
muga
pino
xenevro acero ełexe brèdoła ełexe
róare
farsigołaro
fràsene
saresaro salež
salgaro
olmo
Venetian (variants) albeo
avedin
sapin
pignara buxicio
degnore
dhaneoro
never
zenever
aier
axeo
obol
opio
agrifol
elexe
albarela
bedoi
bedol
biola
bredola
spasaoraro
elexe
giandaro
ocara
pixoler
roar
roare
rovare
rovaro
suro
ascante
frasano
frasen
frasene
frasino
carexer
sarexaro
sarexer
sirexar
sirexo
zharexer
salgar
salgarola
selgaro
olma
olmo
onegar
Aragonese abet pin chinebro aciron cardonera abetullo caixico
carrasca
fraixin ciresera sarga
sarguera
urmo
Catalan avet pi ginebre auron
erable
grèvol bedoll roure freixe cereser
cirerer
guinder
salze om
Franco-Provençal
(Arpitan)
pin genêvro iserâblo châno frano cerise ôrmo
Occitan avet pin genibra acero agreu
grefuèlh
beç casse
garric
fraisse cerièra sause olm
Old French sapin pin genèvre aceres
sicamor
houlx boul chasne fraisne cerise saule
sauz
oulme
Middle French sapin pin genèvre arable houlx boulel chesne fresne cerise saule orme
Champenois saipé
saipin
sapin
pin genèvre
jnève
jnèvre
jnièvre
ivor housset boule
boulin
châne
chein
chône
dchêne
têne
fragne
frane
aigueurjotié
aguerjotié
cerègé
ceriche
chrize
guingné
mrège
slèïge
slesse
sleuge
slèze
srègé
sau
sausse
ourmel
French sapin pin genévrier érable houx bouleau chêne frêne bigarreautier
cerisier
griottier
guignier
merisier
saule orme
Poitevin-Saintongeais sapin pin
pinàe
pinié
jhenebràe
jhenevràe
ajhar
ajhér
érablle
rablle
cous
coussat
coussére
bétou
boula
boule
chagne fragne aegrassàud
ceraesàe
ghegnàe
ghéndolàe
ghignàe
sàuse
sràule
omàe
ome
oume
oumea
umea
Old Norman cherise
Gallo houssa boula chêne
qeriole
badier
badiolier
badisier
slésië
saode
Norman
(Cotentinais)
sapîn pîn érabl'ye
sycomôre
housse bouôlias qùêne frêne badgiolyi
chérîsyi
ch'lisier
mérîsyi
saux orme
Norman
(Jèrriais)
sapîn sapîn housse bouôlias
vèrgues
tchêne badgiolyi
chérîsyi
mérîsyi
tchoeuryi
saux orme
Picard sapin pin éjnévrier hour boulhé qhinne fréne chérizhié
chrizhié
crinqhié
orme
Walloon sapén pin pectî doyåve
plaene
beyôle tchinne frinne ceréjhe
Old Spanish abete pino ginebro arce azevo abedul lecina
roble
freisno cerezo
guindo
salze olmo
Asturian abetu pino
pinu
cairuetu pládanu bidul carbayu
llande
rebollu
sufrera
sufresna
fresnu cerezal
guindal
bardaguera
blimal
salguera
llamera
Extremaduran pinu azevu argayeru
chamorra
chamorru
zereza zaus
Galician abeto piñeiro xenebreiro arce acivro bidueira
bidueiro
bido
carballo freixo cerdeira
cereixa
salgueiro olmo
umeiro
Leonese pinu acéu ancina
carbayu
zreisal negriellu
Mirandese pino nebro
niebro
Portuguese abeto pinheiro junípero
zimbro
ácere azevinho bétula carvalho freixo cerejeira salgueiro
salso
olmo
ulmeiro
Spanish abeto pino
piñón
enebro arce acebo abedul encina
roble
fresno cerezo
guindo
sauce olmo
Judaeo-Spanish
(Ladino)
pino
pinyon
rovle
Aromanian cireashã
Romanian brad pin ienupăr arțar ilice mesteacăn stejar frasin vișin salcie ulm
Vlach brad ulmu

Tocharian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Tocharian B (Kuchean) yāstaci yāstaci

Indo-European Creoles[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Haitian Creole sapen pen seriz

Japonic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Old Japanese momi matu murwo kapjerude
m(w)omjiti
m(w)oti kanipa apakji
kasipa
sakura yanagi nire
Middle Japanese mòmì màtú káfèdé
mòmìdì
mótí kánífà àpàkì
kásípà
támúki
tònèríko
sákúrà yanagi níre
Japanese モミ
momi
マツ
matsu
ビャクシン
byakushin
イブキ
ibuki
カエデ
kaede
モミジ
momiji
イヌツゲ
inutsuge
モチノキ
mochinoki
タラヨウ
tarayō
カバ
kaba
カバノキ
kabanoki
カンバ
kanba
イチイ
ichii
カシ
kashi
カシワ
kashiwa
コナラ
konara
クヌギ
kunugi
トネリコ
toneriko
サクラ
sakura
ヤナギ
yanagi
ニレ
nire
Okinawan maachi akagi sakura yanaji

Kartvelian languages[edit]

Karto-Zan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Georgian სოჭი
soči
naʒvi
ფიჭვი
p'ičvi
ღვია
ğvia
ɣvia-
ɣviva-
ნეკერჩხალი
nek'erč'xali
წმინდა
tsminda
არყი
arqi
მუხა
muxa
იფანი
ip'ani
բալ
bal
կեռաս
keṙas
ტირიფი
tiripʻi
თელა
t'ela
t'eğa
Mingrelian nuʒu
Svan ɣ(w)iw-

Mongolic languages[edit]

Central[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Middle Mongolian narasun narasun arča moyil xutan
Buryat narhan burgāha(n)
Khalkha čuš
gazuur
narasu(n)
zhodoo
nars
narasu(n)
arča
arz
agč mod
burgana
baluu mod xus zars yašil mod čiye
intoor
monos
moyel
burgas(an)
burgās(an)
ud
čayelaas
Kalmyk ɣacūrǝ narsn χadŋ burɣǝsṇ
udǝn
Ordos burGasu
uda

Shirongolic[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Monguor burGāsǝ
sdoxo

Dagur[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Dagur bargās
baregase
xudikān

Mogholi[edit]

Niger-Congo languages[edit]

Atlantic-Congo languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Swahili mberoshi msonobari mreteni mwaramoni muwanga mwaloni mcheri msafsafi

Northeast Caucasian languages[edit]

Nakh languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Chechen baza baga
Ingush baza dijχk

Avar-Andic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Avar naḳ: c̣:iní mikk
Andi hinc̣:ir
Karata
(Karatin)
ežela
Tokitin ʕižilu-l ruxa
Tindi žʷala

Tsezic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Tsez mej
Tsez - Kidero me
Tsez - Shapikh me
Bezhta niqe miʔe
Bezhta - Khocharkotin mije
Bezhta - Tlyadal mije
Hunzib
(Gunzib)
niqe-s mihe-s
Khwarshi mĩhi-s
Khwarshi - Inkhokwari mihe

Lezgic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Aghul maIržʷ
Lezgian muḳ-rag
Tabasaran muḳ-ruḳ werš
Rutul niḳʷnäχI
nuḳnäχI
c̣ɨb
Tsakhur ḳuńaχ c̣ib

Northwest Caucasian languages[edit]

Abazgi[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Abaza mza-ʕʷ
Abkhaz á-psa a-mzá a-ǯ́

Circassian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Adyghe psajǝ
Kabardian psej psa-qʷa

Ubykh[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Ubykh psǝ-ʁʷǝnǝ́

Pama-Nyungan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Ngarrindjeri panpandi

Sino-Tibetan languages[edit]

Sinitic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Old Chinese
lhoŋ

*w_rā(k)s

lháŋ

ljǔw

lo
Middle Chinese
zjöuŋ

zjáŋ

qɛng

ljǔ
Mandarin Chinese 冷杉
lěngshān

sōng
刺柏
cì bǎi
杜松
dù sōng

fēng
冬青
dōngqīng

huà



xiàng
白臘
bái là

yīng

liǔ

Min-Nan
siông
Cantonese
chung4

fung1

wa6

lik1

ying1

lau5

yu4

Tibeto-Burman languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Limbu a:N
āŋ
Kulung ɔŋwapɔwa
Wayu (Vayu) thoŋ
Sherpa tashing
Tibetan sdom-shing
thang-shing
mchan
thang-shing
spa lang-mo
Burmese thaŋh-ruh thaŋh-ruh wak-sac-hkya
Nuosu
(Sichuan Yi)
te
Kachin mǝrau mǝrau
Rawang śǝru-
Trung sǝ2-ru1
Mizo
(Lushai)
fâr fār
fâr
hriang fah
hlai
phen
sa-sua
thal
thên
ṭhîl
vawm-buh
tlai-zawng tuipui su-hlah phân

Tai-Kadai languages[edit]

Tai languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Thai สน
son
ต้นหลิว
ton lio

Tungusic languages[edit]

Northern[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Evenki ŋāŋte ǯagda ǯulkirē
ǯulke
čalban
dīwekte
inŋēkte
ulukta
hedepte
ńamńīkta
lakamawun
Even ŋāŋtъ̣
ńaŋta
ǯaɣdъ̣
holtịn
čālban
diwuɣ
diwukeɣ
imukeɣ
imŋekēw
inmēkte
Negidal ŋāŋta ǯagda čālban
diwegde
apkā-kta ịwagda imŋemkēn ńamnịkta
Solon ǯagda iŋekte

Southern[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Nanai waŋta ǯāGda čalbã
diwegde
sịwaGda siŋēkte ǯalaqta
Orok waŋta
waŋịta
duwete siŋekte
Ulch waŋta ǯagda diwegde sịwaGda sińekte ǯatala
Oroch kolobokto
kopolokto
čā(b)ba
duokte
iwagda imepe
Udege ahikta
ai-kta
kofolokto
ŋaŋta
ahikta
aikta
seutigi
kuŋka cafa-kta
čafakt`ai
duekte
talugda
oloŋkō bulu
joɣda
xulu
iŋofo
isompo
ńauta
sakta
Manchu wantaχa ǯahǝdǝ
ǯahǝdā
ǯaqdan
saqsin ibadan jeŋge fodo
laχari

Turkic languages[edit]

Oghuz languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Old Turkic čam aɣač
Middle Turkic qajɨn
Turkish göknar
köknar
çam ardıç akçaağaç çobanpüskülü huş meşe dişbudak kiraz
vişne
söğüt karaağaç
Azerbaijani ağ şam şam ardıc qayın ağcaqayın
tozağacı
palıd göyrüş albalı
gilas
söyüd qaraağac
qarağac
qurd
Gagauz čam
Turkmen arça berÿoza(r)
Gajɨŋ
ülje söwüt
tal

Kypchak languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Turki karaɣay
Kumyk ürge
Karachay-Balkar balas andɨz ürge emen
Crimean Tatar emen
meşe
Karaim čam
cam
Tatar
(Kazan Tatar)
karagay kos
narat
karagay
andɨz öjɛŋke
örɛŋge
qajɨn karama
Bashkir balaštɨ қарағай
qarağay
andɨδ öjäŋkä qajɨn
Kazakh qarağay arşa
ɨrɣaj
ujeŋki qajɨŋ emen kyzyl tal andɨz
andžɨ
Karakalpak qajɨŋ shiye
Kyrgyz antɨz
qar-andɨz
qarɨndiz
qajɨŋ
Nogai andɨz qajɨŋ

Uyghur Turkic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Karakhanid qaδɨŋ
qajɨŋ
Uzbek archa
qoraarcha
oqchechak
zarang
qɛjin bolut
dub
eman
gilos
shumurt
ayg'iz
sambit
tol
gujun
sada
Uyghur üräŋgi qejin

Siberian Turkic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Sakha
(Yakut)
bes kɨtɨan xatɨŋ yöt
Dolgan katɨŋ
Tuvan xadɨ šānaq xadɨŋ
Tofa
(Tofalar)
xadɨ ašānaq qadɨŋ
Khakas xarağay
xara-xazɨ
xazɨŋ
Shor qazɨŋ
Altay
(Oyrot, Southern Altai)
qarağay jɨjra qajɨŋ

Oghur languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Chuvash xɨrъ vǝʷrene xorъn juman khurama

Uralic languages[edit]

Finnic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Estonian nulg mänd kadakas vaher iileks kask
kõiv
tamm saar kirsipuu paju jalakas
Finnish pihta mänty kataja vaahtera laakeri koivu tammi saarni kirsikka paju jalava

Ugric languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Hungarian jegenyefenyő fenyő boróka gyűrű
juhar
magyal nyírfa tölgy kőris cseresznye
cseresznyefa
fűz
fűzfa
szilfa

Khanty language[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Vakh dialect ńălki̮
'Ob dialect ńălχa

Mansi language[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Sosva dialect ńuläś
ńuli
ńuliś
kǟšēpiw
Pelym dialect ńul kašǟpjüw
Kondin dialect ńol kɔ̄̈spjiw
Tavdin dialect ńolē̮

Mari languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Eastern Mari (Meadow Mari) нулго
nulgo
пӱнчӧ
pünčö
ваштар
vaštar
куэ
kue
тумo
tumo
ломбо
lombo
уа
ua
Western Mari (Hill Mari) пӹзӹлмӹгож
pɯzɯlmɯgozh
пихта
pihta
йӓктӹ
jӓktɯ
куги
kugi
тум
tum
шӧрвӓ
shӧrvӓ
ломбы
lombı
ӱэ
üe
нолгы
nolgı

Mordvinic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Erzya piche kiĺej tumo kal' s'elej
Moksha maraz' kelu

Permic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Komi n'ıv
ńi̮v
ńi̮l
ńøl
požöm kač-pomeĺ bad'
Udmurt ńi̮l-pu
ńǝ̑l-pǝ̑

Sami languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Lule Sami kaska
Northern Sami beahci gâskâs
reatká
lageš
skierri
soahki
ávža
čirsa
sieđga
Kildin Sami køskas

Samoyedic languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Kamassian naлɣo
noлɣo
Selkup njulg
njŭlgȇ
njulgэ
njulg(a)
ńölg͔

Language isolates[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Ainu hup totonup nitat-topeni kitat-ni
sitat-ni
pin-ni
pir-ni
kiki
kikinni
chipni-susu
ura-susu
at-ni
chikisa-ni
Burushaski gaśí kác̣ul
Middle Korean čāt
čās
čǝ̄n-namu
sór čhăm-nam'u
čoričham-namo
kàràp
mǝ̀s pǝ̀tɨ́r nɨ̀rɨ́p
Korean gusang-namu
전나무
jeon-namu

sol
소나무
so-namu
두송
dusong
노간주나무
noganju-namu
taehahyangmok
단풍나무
danpung-namu
고로쇠나무
gorosoe-namu
감탕나무
gamtang-namu
박달나무
bakdal-namu
자작나무
jajag-namu
jajak-namu
참나무
cham-namu
karam-namu
물푸레나무
mulpurae-namu
벚나무
beot-namu
버들
beodeul
버드나무
beodeu-namu
느릅나무
neureum-namu
Korean (North) 벗나무
pŏt-na-mu
Sumerian usuh usuh dubran
li
zabalum
ĝešgana alla
allanum
kim
manu
šagkal

Old and New World language families[edit]

Dené-Yeniseian languages[edit]

Na-Dené languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Tlingit leiyís l'él x'aalx'éi at daayí gus'k'ikwáan l'eiwú
gus'k'ikwáan l'oowú
ch'áal'
Hupa nisk'iŋ miʒe'wʔxole'n cime'c'iŋ kitaŋ kinehstan qayliW
Navajo ńdíshchíí' gad sóól didzéłchíí kʼishchííʼ
naʼazhǫǫsh
chéchʼil dahbaʼ didzéchííʼ kʼaiʼ
Western Apache nilchi' gad chich'il k'ai

Yeniseian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Ket dɨ̄ń
hɔ́j-ɔkś
Yugh dɨn
fɔ́j-ɔksɨ
Kott tīni uča
Arin istigen
ṕhaj-d́a
tin
aja
Pumpokol dɨ́ńe koŋoŋho

Eskimo-Aleut languages[edit]

Aleut language[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Aleut cumnax cumnax alaxtaq usgiq

Yupik languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Naukan Yupik ɣulɣílǝ
Alutiiq - Koniag qasʁulǝk
Sirenik wǝlɣíla

Inuit languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Inupiat
(Seward Peninsula)
uɣlíli
Inupiat
(Northern Alaskan)
urɣīĺiq
Inuvialuk - Siglit ujɣīliq
Greenlandic orpik manngertoq

New World language families[edit]

Algic languages[edit]

Algonquian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Blackfoot pûqtokĭ
Blackfoot
(per Tims, 1889)
pakhtoki patokhi pokkip mikopixsuyi
Cheyenne vé'evêšéstótó'e
vó'komêšéstótó'e
hoóxe'e
šéstótó'e
ve'evêšéstótó'e vesceesš hookomeš
hoomeš
oó'omêše
motó menóe méno'ke homenó'e
Cree ᓇᐸᑳᓯᐦᑕ
napakâsihta
ᐅᐢᑳᐦᑕᐠ
oskâhtak
ᑳᐦᑳᑮᐋᐧᐦᑎᐠ
kâhkâkîwâhtik
ᒥᐦᑳᐧᐯᒪᑲᐧᐦᑎᐠ
mihkwâpemakwahtik
ᓭᓯᐹᐢᑲᐧᑖᐦᑎᐠ
sesipâskwatâhtik
ᑭᐢᑭᓄᐋᐧᒋᐦᒋᑲᐣ ᑲ ᓃᐹᔭᒥᐦᐊᕁ
kiskinowâcihcikan ka nîpâyamihahk
ᒪᓂᑐ ᑮᓯᑳᐤ ᐊᐧᐁᐧᓯᐦᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ
manito kîsikâw wawesihcikewin
ᐊᐧᐢᑲᐧᕀ
waskway
ᒥᐢᑎᑯᒥᓈᐦᑎᐠ
mistikominâhtik
ᐊᐧᒋᐊᐧᐦᑎᐠ
waciwahtik
ᒥᐦᑯ ᒦᓂᐢ
mihko mînis
ᑕᑲᐧᐦᐃᒥᓈᓈᐦᑎᐠ
takwahiminânâhtik
ᓃᐱᓰᕀ
nîpisîy
ᑭᓵᐢᑕᐤ ᒦᑐᓴᐦᑎᐠ
kisâstaw mîtosahtik
Fox (Sauk) meshkwâwâhkwa anîpi
Menominee pekēwāhtek askāh
ohkīhkāhtek
pāhkenakāēmeh
sōpomāhtek mahkūkīh
wīkīhsāhtek
askēqtemeh
maeqtekomeh
kāhpaehnak paehnāqnawemenāhtek
wīkīhsemenāhtek
kenūpikuahtek
kenūsīqsekapaweh
maehkūpīmak
anēpāhtek
Menominee
(H.H. Smith)
pikewa'xtîk okika'tîk
okika'xtîk
skako'sa wenakä'x
sopoma'tîk anepakakwa'tîk
apä'simînûn
ęmkwansűk iwî'skîpi me'nûn
iwî'skîpi mîna'xtik
panä'xnowi mîna'xtîk
kinusishiwu'pwis täpa'sikît osa'sikûp
sausî'kop
Miami-Illinois tchingɵcɵa apakamaganingi ɵaɵipingɵkatɵi
michingɵeminja
rapaɵarɵi pakacɵeningi
Ojibwe
(Minnesota)
zhingob okikandaag
zhingwaak
miskwaawaak aninaatig wiigwaas mitigomizh aagimaak ookweminan oziisigobimizh aniib
ozhaashigob
Potawatomi gishki
shkop
shenamesh wigwasatek tegwesh wisgak anib
Potawatomi
(Forest, per H.H. Smith)
kêki'ntebä bagkwînaga'mîc
cîngwak
aca'wûskonis caca'gobimîc
cicigîme'-wîc
inina'tig
kisinamîc
sakwa'kmînagawîc wîgwa'samîc
wînîsa'tîk
nepa'käkwūtīk okwe'mînûn
sûswe'mînaga'wîc
sisigo'bamîc anib
cacî'gûb
Shawnee wa-làh-qú-thàh-keè-tah m'-tuk-o-meè-shee mee-yah-làhk-wah a-neèp-ee
Abenaki-Western kokokh8akw-k
zedibego-k
basaakw-k
goa-k
mekwisagezo-ak bilkimizi-ak
mskwebages-ak
sen8mozi-ak
maskwamozi-ak
wins-ak
-mezi-ak -maahlakws-ak -menakwam-ak kanozas-ak anibi-ak
pezagholigan-ak
Malecite-Passamaquoddy puhpukhawihqimus
stahqon
ku
kuw
kakskus sonaw masqemus
mosson
asahqahawimus
asahqahatoq
olonikp
wahcilomoss
akomahq
wikp
masqesimin
oluwimin
sonutamkimin
konusehs cossakonikp
cossikonikp
Mi'kmaq guow snawei masgwi mimgwaqanimusi epsmusi masgwe'siman(aqsi)
Unami
(Lenape)
kuwe pëpxòkwës ansikëmès salaxtekwimënshi
wewchëlitunas
mixakanakw chèlis
mwimënshi
nushèmakw lokanahunshi
xkwikpiakw

Arawakan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Taíno yana
Garifuna gudi hibuari gumaga

Chibchan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Rama bas

Iroquoian languages[edit]

Southern Iroquoian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Cherokee notsi atsina usdasdi tsusga delegalis
diligalisgi
dawatsila
tsuwadona

Northern Iroquoian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Mohawk onēnta onen'takwenhten:tshera wahta watenake:tarons karihton
otokenha
ehsa
kaneron/o'non:na
erihko:wa
teiakonia'tawne:'eks
onekwenhtara niwatahtshero:ten
o:se
ose'ko:wa
aka:ratsi
Oneida onʌʔtʌ·sa kanʌʔtú·saʔ
ohnéhtaʔ
tekanʌtakwʌhtʌʔ awʌhaníkwal <br?> wáhtaʔ ohnakwʌhsaʔ
tekalaʔwisá·lu
yotnakalatasé
-huw-
kánluʔ
e·lí
elikkó
teyakonyaʔthalahtá·neʔ
teyothwalanekalákwʌ
yokwilahkaliyó
Tuscarora čuhkúhnęʔ háhteh
-htehn-
anę·ʔnya?
-nęʔtakwęte
akę·suʔr
-čikheʔt-
-nak- čúheʔ
karátkwar
kù·reh
kahęwè·yaʔ čè·riʔ
è·riʔ
kwanyaʔtarahkwáhnęh
krę·r karátkwar

Kiowa-Tanoan languages[edit]

Tiwa languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Taos p’ȍk’úowoną wę̀’énemą hų̏p'ôhaną tų́łęną kwę́łoną ə̂bena íałoną
Tewa tenjo to hu te'jii pinnæ'in tewabe kwæ 'abe jan

Muskogean languages[edit]

Western[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Chickasaw 'tijak hishi'asi
Choctaw tiak chuala chukchu esta hoola
iti hishi halupa
opahaksun baii
baiyi
bashto
bishkoni
bushto
chisha
chiskilik
nusapi
shinap italikchi takoinsha
takonwisha
tikoinsha
balup
tohto

Eastern[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Alabama aatichoosanàyli
ittohissishalokpa
ittokchakko
katsgimilpa
Creek cule vcenv heno awotaicita
inlokci:ca:tȋ
vsse
kvlv
lakcvpe
'to-hvtkv 'to-fvmpe akwahnv lopakv
Mikasuki ahihátk î
asi
asilakn î
canȃ:filápi
canȃ:fili
Yamasee foskey

Plateau Penutian languages[edit]

Klamath language[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Klamath toq'-s

Sahaptian languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Nez Perce patosway
patoy
picpic
pitxpitx
lalxsaway
laqa
qalamqalam
seysey
cikeyelx
puhus
heslips sapatayosway qeqeyux qeqe'eyx
qeqeyux
piplac
taxs
Sahaptin puš

Pomoan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Eastern Pomo kʼe·ré·sapʼ
kó·tʰi·xa·lè
xa·Wé·xa·lè
si·pʰú· qá·bayapʼ ba·kʰú·

Siouan languages[edit]

Catawban languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Catawba itawa yą́pą

Western Siouan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Lakota wazi hante cansuska canhasan ituhu
utahu
psehte canpahu cohwanjica
wahpepopa
pe tuntunpa

Quechuan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Quechua awitu pinu iniwru arsi asiwu
wayusa
awidul chaparru
insina
rawli
sirisa sawsi
wayaw

Uto-Aztecan languages[edit]

Northern Uto-Aztecan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Cahuilla saxa-t
Colorado River oɣompɨ
Comanche wokoβi ekapokowaapi kunanatsu tusohokwe
Hopi calávi
tuba
hohu
Kawaiisu woɣo-
wogo-
Mono wokkoβɨ sɨhɨbɨ
sɨhɨɨpɨ
Northern Paiute wokkoppi sɨɨbi
Serrano haxa-t
Shoshoni wongopin woŋɡoβin
wongopin
wongoo'bi
samapin
waapi
wappin
hukutsappeh doo'nambe seheebi
Timbisha woŋɡoβi sɨhɨpi

Southern Uto-Aztecan languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Nahuatl oyametl ocotl quetzalmizquitl acezintli ilitl ahuaquahuitl capolin
capulin
huexotl
Tarahumara oʰkó
Tarahumara
(hispanicized)
okó weri okó uré kusabí rotosí

Language isolates[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Chimané
(Moseten)
ivi
Chitimacha no'ut
wai't'i
P'urhépecha
(Tarascan)
p'ukurhi
Timucua iso
isota
aha
tuku
Yaghan
(Yámana)
haniš
Zuni taʔwi

Constructed languages[edit]

Language Fir Pine Juniper Maple Holly Birch Oak Ash Cherry Willow Elm
Esperanto abio cembro
pinarbo
pino
junipero acero ilekso betulo kverko frakseno ĉerizarbo
ĉerizo
merizo
paduso
saliko ulmo
Ido abieto
piceo
pino junipero acero ilexo birko querko fraxino cerizo saliko ulmo
Interlingua abiete pino junipero acere ilice betula robore fraxino ceresiero salice ulmo
Lojban ckunu ckunu labypiltricu tricu
Novial abiete pine junipere acere birke querke fraxine serise salise ulme
Volapük fir pein yunip zaär liäg biad kvärep sorbabim celabim
celep
salig lorm