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Essentials for New Users Editing Wikipedia Source[edit]

Creating Headings[edit]

Headings use the equal sign, "=", with double equal signs bracketing a basic heading and triple for a sub heading- (eg, "Wikipedia Editing Essentials for New Users" uses double equal signs and "Headings" uses triple equal signs).

Adding Citations[edit]

Citations can be added easily with the "Cite" function. It is the last option on the far right of the top of the editing box. This useful feature makes a once complicated activity self explanatory. Be sure to give a name to your citation (using the 'reference name' line) because it enables you to footnote multiple claims via the same source. For example if you name a citation "Smith3," and use it to source a claim at the top of the article, then you can use the same source for a different claim later on the article just by adding "<ref name="Smith3">" (without the outer quote marks, of course) after that claim, and both will be footnoted to the same source.

Unsourced Claims[edit]

Often you'll find a claim in an article which needs some support. Add a citation needed tag. It uses the curly brackets,"{" and "}", and has the words "Citation needed" within double curly brackets.

This is how it will appear in the article: [citation needed]

You don't need to actually type the curly brackets as there is a double curly brackets insertion tool. To find it go to the bottom of the editing box. Just below it is a drop down menu that says "Insert". Select the option, "wiki markup" and the insertion tools will appear to the right.

Ideally you should add the date so that wikipedia editors know how long an unsourced claim has been present. This aids them in deciding if the claim should be omitted altogether. You will need to use a vertical line, "|", which can be added with the same tool you used for the double curly brackets. Date your note by adding a vertical line after the word "needed" and then add "date=" followed by the month, a space, and then the year. Within the brackets it should look like this: "Citation needed|date=July 2013"


  • {{Who|{{subst:DATE}}}}

This tag is for placement after attributions to vague "authorities" such as "serious scholars", "historians say", "some researchers", "many scientists", and the like. For example:

Markup Experts{{Who|{{subst:DATE}}}} agree...
Visual effect Experts[who?] agree...

Use it when no specific examples of identifiable individuals from that group are named who could be used to verify the statements or beliefs attributed to the group. Preferably, the offending statement should be made more specific by identifying particular individuals and then either cited or tagged for needing citation. Similarly, the statement should be deleted if the claim about the group is sufficiently vague as to be unsupportable.

Internal Wikipedia Links[edit]

  • Links to Articles

Often you will want to link an element of one article to another to allow the reader to get more information about something mentioned without cluttering wikipedia with duplications. For example, the article "Carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer" contains links to articles titled "fiber reinforced polymer," "carbon fiber," and "polymer."

This has also been simplified with the "Link" function. It is the fourth option from the left of the top of the editing box. It is represented by an icon depicting three links in a chain. Clicking on this icon opens the "Insert Link" dialogue box. Type the name of the article you want to link to in the line that says "Target Page or URL". Be sure that the "Page exists" message appears in the upper right of the dialogue box and be certain that the button that says "Internal wiki page" is selected at the bottom.

  • Links to Articles with Text Other Than the Article's Title Used as the Link

Follow the same steps as above, but type the text that you want to use to link to the article in the line which says, "Text to Display".

  • Links to Sections of Articles

The process is the same except that it also uses a number sign, "#", after the article title but before the section title in the line that says "Target Page or URL".

  • Links to Something Other Than a Section Within an Articles

This works the same way as the link to a section except that the link will need to be anchored at the end to which you're linking. Use the double curly brackets to designate the text you wish to use as the anchor. Within the brackets add a vertical line before that text. Now, add the word, "Anchor" before the vertical line. It should be capitalized. When you're done, use the anchor text the same way you would as a section title in the "Target Page or URL" line of the link window

Areas of Expertise[edit]



Areas of Special Focus[edit]



My Userboxes[edit]

Philosophical Positions[edit]

TheThinker2.jpg This user enjoys philosophy.
PHL This user's favourite subject is philosophy.
~(p&~p) This user studies the concept of Logic
Icon-gears2.svg This user believes in logic.
Greek uc delta.svg This user is a Determinist.
Kierkegaard.jpg This user is interested in existentialism.
Atelier de Nicolas de Largillière, portrait de Voltaire, détail (musée Carnavalet) -002.jpg This user is a child of the Enlightenment.
Thomas Hobbes (portrait).jpg This user is in awe of The Great Leviathan.
AristotleLouvreSquare.jpg This user believes truth is adaequatio intellectus et rei, or something like that.
Stylised atom with three Bohr model orbits and stylised nucleus.svg This user believes in materialism, the belief that everything that exists is made of matter.
PollockSquare.jpg This user thinks that abstractions cannot hurt anybody.
Kant gemaelde 3.jpg
This user loves the philosophy of
Immanuel Kant
SmallSocrates.png This user is a member of the WikiProject Philosophy.
Frans Hals - Portret van René Descartes.jpg This user likes René Descartes.

Subjects That Interest Me[edit]

Plato-raphael.jpg This user is interested in philosophy.
Sanzio 01 Plato Aristotle.jpg This user is interested in metaphysics.
Fx This user is interested in physics.
NGC7293 (2004).jpg This user has a keen interest in the philosophy of physics.
Psi2.svg This user is interested in psychology.
Protoceratops-skeleton.jpg This user is interested in Paleontology.
This user is interested in
Human Prehistory
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg This user is interested in the Supreme Court of the United States.
ThomasPaine 2.jpg This user is interested in political science. Edmund Burke2 c.jpg
Stylized Mona Lisa.svg This user is interested in
art history.
D’Espouy-marsultor-capital.jpg This user is interested in architecture.
Nuvola apps designer.svg This user enjoys the subject of Design.
Lockheed Martin F-22A Raptor JSOH.jpg This user is interested in military aircraft and their history.

Political Ideology[edit]

Vote icon.svg This user believes in a non-partisan, direct democracy.

? This user follows their own political ideals.
Red flag waving.svg This user identifies as a
Democratic Socialist.
Anarchy-symbol.svg This user is NOT an Anarchist.
- Flower 02 -.jpg
This user is a social democrat.
Dome 1.jpg This user believes in the separation of church and state. ReligionSymbolAbr.PNG
According to Political Compass this user is:
Economic Left (−7.00) and
Social Neutral (−0.72)
Liberty Bell.jpg This user is an independent voter who doesn't like partisan politics.
Dems This user knows both major US parties have been hijacked by special interests, can no longer identify with either one, and has no hope that the situation will ever improve. Pubs
According to the On the Issues, this user is a Moderate Populist
(Social: 38; Economic: 29).
Dome 1.jpg This user believes the First Amendment was written to protect freedom of religion, not abolish it.  
According to the World's Smallest Political Quiz, this user is* a Political Centrist
(Personal Freedom: 50; Economic Freedom: 30).

Political Policy[edit]

NHS NNUH entrance.jpg
This user supports
universal health care.
The Earth seen from Apollo 17.jpg This user is in favor of desalination.
No death penalty.svg This user opposes the death penalty in all cases.
Gay flag.svg This user supports the legalization of same-sex marriage.
1933-may-10-berlin-book-burning.JPG This user finds censorship offensive.
Dove-icon.gif This user is in favor of gun control.
Berea College, Lincoln Hall, Berea College, Berea (Madison County, Kentucky).jpg
This user believes in
universal college tuition.
This user is a supporter of Palestinian-Israeli Peace
Radiation warning symbol.svg This user supports the use of nuclear energy. Radiation warning symbol.svg
Small Flag of the United Nations ZP.svg
This user supports the
United Nations and wants
to reform it.
Evstafiev-bosnia-sarajevo-un-holds-head.jpg This user understands why armed peacekeeping is necessary.
Animal cruelty This user opposes animal rights, but opposes animal cruelty.
Emblem of the Arab League.svg This user supports the 2002 Arab peace initiative that was unanimously adopted in Beirut
WMD world map.svg This user wishes humans would just get rid of their overly destructive weapons.

User:河蟹/用戶框/Support Our Troops

"No smoking" sign with text This user supports the ban on smoking in public places.
Kwashiorkor 6903.jpg
This user knows that genetically modified food has saved over a billion lives, and that all agriculture is "genetic modification", what we do today is just faster.
Red flag II.svg This user wants to tax the rich to provide health care, education and welfare for everyone. $ £
¥ €
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png This user believes the world would be a better place if everyone had access to a quality, free education.
NagarjunaSagarDam.JPG This user supports the development of realistic renewable energy.


HumanismSymbol.PNG This user is a secular humanist.
ath This user is an atheist.
Crystal mind.jpg This user values reason
over faith.
Light shining1.JPG This user is a bright.
Blacktriangle.jpg Until proven wrong, this user does not believe in the supernatural.
Plasma-lamp 2.jpg This user is interested in the Brights movement.


Hw-darwin.jpg This user accepts evolution as a biological fact.
Lq-dna.png This user understands biological evolution.
Hubble ultra deep field.jpg This user believes that the Universe began with a bang.
FireV2.png This user knows global warming is a reality we are facing.
This user is a member of
WikiProject Time.


Lee Resolution.jpg This user knows that American Independence occured on July 2, 1776.
MeerkatAtHappyHollow white background.jpg This user is a mammal.
Black hole quasar NASA.jpg This user has seen all of Carl Sagan's Cosmos.
EST This user's time zone is EST.
Constitution Pg1of4 AC icon cut.png
This user has read the United States Constitution.
The No Smoking sign This user is against smoking.
This user has never tried any
Tobacco products
Dontdrink.JPG This user doesn't drink, and has a healthy liver to show for it.

Stuff I Like[edit]

Galactic-library-glyph-Uplift.svg This user enjoys the works of David Brin.
Nirvana logo yellow.svg This user is a Nirvana fan.
Icon Overcast.png This user enjoys overcast weather.
Christopher Hitchens crop.jpg This is user is a fan of the Hitch.
Golden Retriever Hannah.JPG
This user is
a Golden Retriever lover.
Toby2reduced.jpg This user loves
Labrador Retrievers.
This user likes the BBC.
Ringworld.jpg This user enjoys the works of Larry Niven.
Open book 01.svg This user enjoys reading hard science fiction
Neal Stephenson.jpg This user enjoys the works of Neal Stephenson.
This user enjoys the works of Isaac Asimov.
5 This user enjoys
the poems of
William Carlos Williams
ABC This user supports Australian Broadcasting Corporation radio, television and online services.
Clarke cropped.jpg This user enjoys the works of Arthur C. Clarke .
Ailurus fulgens RoterPanda LesserPanda.jpg This user's favourite animal is a
Red Panda.
This user adores the works of James Joyce and yes I said yes I will Yes. Revolutionary Joyce.jpg
This user watches and listens to SBS. Sbs thumb.jpg
Lockheed Martin F-22A Raptor JSOH.jpg This user is a fan of the F-22 Raptor.
Dune This user knows that fear is the mind-killer.
Kuh Muehlviertel.JPG Eh up! This user enjoys the
James Herriot series.

Personal Observations and Miscellanea[edit]

"From the 1940s until the election of Ronald Reagan, the political parties were anything but polarized. Conservative Southern Democrats and liberal Rockefeller Republicans were important counterweights within both parties. Indeed, George Wallace justified his third-party bid for president in 1968 by saying that "there’s not a dime’s worth of difference between the Democrat and Republican parties."" - Lawrence Baum and Neal Devins, "Split Definitive: For the first time in a century, the Supreme Court is divided solely by political party." in Slate, Friday, Nov. 11, 2011.

Now, the parties are practically all difference and neither are worth a dime.OckRaz talk 00:54, 17 November 2011 (UTC)