User:Other Side One/sandbox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Series overview[edit]

Season Episodes Originally aired
Season premiere Season finale
1 22 September 24, 1987 July 7, 1988
2 22 October 6, 1988 May 4, 1989
3 25 September 28, 1989 May 3, 1990
4 25 September 20, 1990 May 2, 1991
5 25 September 19, 1991 May 14, 1992
6 25 September 24, 1992 July 9, 1993


Season 1 (1987–1988)[edit]

No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Directed by Written by Original air date
1 1 "Reconcilable Differences" Ellen Falcon Thad Mumford
Lissa Levin
September 24, 1987

Denise moves into Gilbert Hall for her sophomore year and into a room with Jaleesa, a student in her mid-20s. Denise struggles to get along with Jaleesa, and temporarily moves in with Whitley. Denise also meets freshman and fellow Brooklynite Dwayne, who immediately becomes smitten with her.

Absent: Marisa Tomei.

Notes: This episode was taped after the pilot to add additional characters and provide background for those in the pilot episode.
2 2 "Pilot" Jay Sandrich Matt Williams
Carmen Finestra
John Markus
October 1, 1987

Denise and Jaleesa get a new roommate, transfer student Maggie. But Denise learns her checks for dorm fees bounced and they could be forced out of the dorm. Reluctant to ask her parents for help, she is determined to find a solution to the dilemma on her own.

Guest stars: Bill Cosby and Keshia Knight Pulliam.

Note: The Pit, the on-campus restaurant, makes its first appearance in this episode with a slightly-different design. The Pit also showcases a more racially-diverse student body at Hillman than would be seen in later seasons.
3 3 "Porky de Bergerac" Ellen Falcon Susan Fales October 15, 1987

Denise and Maggie convince Jaleesa to face-off against Whitley in a campaign for dorm monitor, and Jaleesa wins. When new dorm rules to reduce littering in shared areas go into effect, Denise is embarrassed when she is forced to wear a fake pig nose on a first date.

Note: First recurring appearances of Kim Wayans (Alison) and Bee-Be Smith (Gloria).
4 4 "Those Who Can't... Tutor" Kim Freedman Susan Fales October 22, 1987

Dwayne offers to tutor Denise in calculus after she scores poorly on an exam, but their session runs late and he misses curfew. Whitley's reputation is put on the line after Dwayne is caught climbing out of her window by Stevie.

Note: First appearances of Darryl M. Bell (Ron) and Sinbad (Walter).
5 5 "War of the Words" Ellen Falcon Joe Gannon October 29, 1987

Maggie and Whitley debate over whether women can successfully balance a career and family life. But when Maggie's boyfriend visits and asks her to move to Washington, D.C. with him, the issues become personal.

Guest stars: Damon Wayans and Keenen Ivory Wayans.

Note: first appearance of Marie-Alise Recasner as recurring character Millie.
6 6 "Rudy and the Snow Queen" Ellen Falcon Cheryl Gard November 5, 1987

Rudy Huxtable spends the weekend at Hillman–and winds up spending more time with Whitley, entranced by her glamour and charm, and neglects Denise in the process.

Guest stars: Bill Cosby and Keshia Knight Pulliam.
7 7 "Sometimes You Get the Bear, Sometimes the Bear Gets You" Ellen Falcon Thad Mumford November 19, 1987

Denise concocts a plot with her roommates to be the first women to participate in the Homecoming tradition of stealing the head of the opposing team's mascot, not knowing that her visiting grandfather Russell intends to carry out a similar plan with Dwayne's help.

Guest star: Earle Hyman.
8 8 "If Chosen, I May Not Run" Ellen Falcon Thad Mumford December 3, 1987

Coach Walter offers Denise a tryout for the Hillman track team, and she seems capable of the challenge—until she realizes the commitment required and the pressure from home to follow in the Huxtable tradition.

Guest star: Bill Cosby.
9 9 "Romancing Mr. Stone" Ellen Falcon Scott Spencer Gorden
David Felton
December 10, 1987

A number of female students, including Denise, have more than science on their study lists when a new geology professor arrives at Hillman.

Guest star: David Alan Grier.
10 10 "The Gift of the Magi" Ellen Falcon Susan Fales December 17, 1987

A Secret Santa program has Jaleesa and Maggie unwittingly each assigned to give to the other as Whitley wrestles with the news that her divorced father has a new, much younger girlfriend and wants her to spend Christmas with them.

Guest stars: Troy Beyer and Conroy Gedeon (as Whitley's father Mercer Gilbert).
11 11 "Does He or Doesn't He?" Ellen Falcon Thad Mumford January 7, 1988
The women of Gilbert Hall place wagers when a graduate student predicts that Dwayne couldn't know how to handle a woman who actually responded to his cheesy pick-up lines.
12 12 "Advise and Descent" Ellen Falcon Cheryl Gard January 14, 1988

Denise works as a peer counselor during finals week, and while she is good at helping other students with their problems, she neglects her own work.

Guest star: Kristoff St. John.
13 13 "The Prime of Miss Lettie Bostic" Ellen Falcon Thad Mumford
Susan Fales
January 21, 1988

Leticia "Lettie" Bostic, a Hillman dropout with a colorful past, becomes the new resident director at Gilbert Hall, and the ladies are surprised when her straight-talking methods contradict her legend.

Guest star: Ron O'Neal as a Hillman faculty member; he would return for three guest spots as Whitley's father.

Notes: this episode marks the first appearance of Mary Alice as Lettie. It is also explained that Stevie, the previous resident director of Gilbert Hall, left the position to get married.
14 14 "Wild Child" Ellen Falcon David Felton February 4, 1988

Denise befriends a student known as "Cougar" from her philosophy class, not realizing that her brilliantly intelligent classmate is hiding some secrets of her own.

Guest star: Raymond St. Jacques.
15 15 "Dr. Cupid" Regge Life Deanne Stillman February 11, 1988
Dwayne attempts to play Cupid for himself and others via his campus radio show, with unexpected results; Ron meets and falls in love with Whitley's devoted friend Millie, while Lettie receives a visit from a former suitor.
16 16 "The Show Must Go On" Kim Friedman Gary Dontzig
Steven Peterman
February 18, 1988
Denise and Whitley earn roles in Maggie's adaptation of the story of Adam and Eve and become real-life rivals for the actor playing Adam.
17 17 "Mr. Hillman" Matthew Diamond Margo Kaufman February 25, 1988
Whitley enters the Miss Hillman pageant, but Denise — infuriated at the sexism of the pageant — convinces Dwayne to enter as well. But then Dwayne has second thoughts when becomes looked at as an object on campus.
18 18 "Speech Therapy" Cheryl Gard Ellen Falcon March 10, 1988

Jaleesa panics at the prospect of making a speech in front of her poetry class, Maggie obsesses over the money Denise borrowed from her more than a month ago, and Whitley gets Dwayne and Ron to fix her illegal humidifier.

Guest star: Roscoe Lee Browne in his first appearance as Dr. Barnabus Foster, a character he originated on The Cosby Show.
19 19 "Clair's Last Stand" Tony Singletary Thad Mumford March 24, 1988

Denise's mother Clair visits and lectures Denise about her grades, putting the kibosh on her big summer vacation plans. Meanwhile, Whitley feels depressed and left out when everyone is too busy to remember her birthday.

Guest star: Phylicia Rashād
20 20 "If Only for One Night" Tony Singletary Susan Fales April 28, 1988

Denise at long last accepts a date with Dwayne, but their evening out is interrupted by Whitley's desperate search for an alternative to going home for the summer.

Note: This episode was intended to be the season finale and was the last one filmed before Lisa Bonet left the show.
21 21 "Come Back, Little Eggby" Ellen Falcon Scott Spencer Gorden May 5, 1988

Assigned to take care of an egg in place of an actual baby, Maggie seeks out advice about the real thing from single mom Stevie. But when she leaves "Artie" with babysitter Jaleesa, "he" mysteriously disappears.

Note: This episode, postponed from earlier in the season, marks the last appearance of Loretta Devine on the series.
22 22 "My Dinner with Theo" Ellen Falcon Scott Spencer Gorden July 7, 1988

Denise's brother Theo visits Hillman and gets the wrong impression about how much fun college life could be.

Guest star: Malcolm-Jamal Warner and Keshia Knight Pulliam. Absent: Jasmine Guy and Kadeem Hardison.

Notes: This episode was postponed from earlier in the season, and marks the final appearances of Lisa Bonet (as a regular cast member) and Marisa Tomei on the series.

Season 2 (1988–1989)[edit]

  • This season comprises 22 episodes.
  • Debbie Allen replaces Anne Beatts as the series' producer, and also takes over as primary director.
  • A new opening is introduced featuring all of the main characters, set to a new version of the show's theme song performed by Aretha Franklin.
No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Directed by Written by Original air date
23 1 "Dr. War is Hell" Debbie Allen Thad Mumford October 6, 1988

Whitley returns to the dorm and has to adjust to her new roommate, freshman pre-med student Kim Reese. Jaleesa's new roommate, freshman Freddie Brooks, has developed a crush on Dwayne—who is trying hard to avoid taking a calculus class with Colonel Taylor, an allegedly tough professor nicknamed "Dr. War".

Notes: Darryl M. Bell (Ron) and Sinbad (Walter) become regular cast members. First appearances of regulars Charnele Brown (Kim), Cree Summer (Freddie), and Glynn Turman (Col. Taylor).
24 2 "Two Gentlemen of Hillman" Debbie Allen Susan Fales October 13, 1988

Dwayne and Ron try to write a philosophy paper together, but Dwayne gets infuriated when Ron takes the easy way out. Kim beats out Freddie for a job at The Pit as a short-order cook, leaving Freddie thinking she's unqualified to get any job.

Note: First recurring appearance of Lou Myers as Mr. Gaines.
25 3 "Some Enchanted Late Afternoon" Debbie Allen Rob Edwards October 27, 1988
Walter persuades Jaleesa to go out with him although she is involved with someone, and Dwayne and Ron start a new business: a personal wake-up service.
26 4 "Dream Lover" Debbie Allen Alicia Marie Schudt November 3, 1988

A shared dance at a party stirs up feelings between Dwayne and Whitley, and jealousy for Freddie.

Absent: Sinbad and Glynn Turman.
27 5 "Three Girls Three" Debbie Allen Jeffrey Duteil November 17, 1988

In order to win a competition to sing backup for Gladys Knight, Jaleesa and Whitley join forces with an wanna-be opera diva who ends up trying to upstage them.

Guest star: Gladys Knight, who performs "Love Overboard" with Dawnn Lewis and Jasmine Guy.

Absent: Mary Alice, Sinbad, and Glynn Turman.
28 6 "If You Like Pilgrim Coladas" TBA TBA November 24, 1988
Whitley and Kim devise a plan to have a nice Thanksgiving when they find themselves homesick after staying on campus.
29 7 "A Stepping Stone" Debbie Allen Cheryl Gard December 1, 1988

The women of Gilbert Hall prepare for the Homecoming step show. Choreographer Whitley's bossy ways turns off the others until a nonagenarian alumna's crusty demeanor gives Whitley a glimpse of her potential future. Dwayne faces a challenge when he is asked to tutor a football player in math before the big game against Hampton.

Absent: Darryl M. Bell and Glynn Turman.
30 8 "Life with Father" Debbie Allen Cheryl Gard December 8, 1988

Dwayne has a new girlfriend, and everything is going well...until he discovers that her father is his calculus professor, Col. Taylor. Freddie, upset over not attracting Dwayne's interest, turns to Whitley for an image makeover.

Absent: Mary Alice.
31 9 "All's Fair" Debbie Allen TBA December 15, 1988
Whitley objects to Kim spending so much time with her new boyfriend, especially as they start monopolizing the girls' shared room. Freddie alienates her fellow writers when she "improves" upon their work as the new editor of the literary magazine.
32 10 "Radio Free Hillman" Debbie Allen TBA January 5, 1989
When Dwayne plays an explicit rap song on his radio show, the dean cancels it. Furious, the other students stage a sit-in at the administration building, where Whitley gets trapped in the building with the protesters.
33 11 "It Happened One Night" Debbie Allen TBA January 12, 1989
Kim learns she might be pregnant with Robert's baby.
34 12 "I've Got the Muse in Me" Debbie Allen TBA January 26, 1989
Freddie gets drunk trying to write a paper; Walter takes cooking lessons from Lettie and Mr. Gaines.
35 13 "Risky Business" Debbie Allen TBA February 2, 1989

Clair Huxtable returns to Hillman for a business seminar, bringing daughter Vanessa and her friend Kara, who proceed to get interested in campus men Dwayne and Ron.

Guest stars: Phylicia Rashäd, Tempestt Bledsoe, and Malcolm-Jamal Warner.
36 14 "Breaking Up Is Hard to Do" Debbie Allen TBA February 9, 1989
Dwayne and Suzanne break up when she decides she's not ready to get serious so soon. Jaleesa tests Walter's loyalty with a phone call as "Jamaican exchange student" Sheila, who finds him apparently eager to date around, while Kim learns her boyfriend truly is being unfaithful.
37 15 "For She's Only a Bird in a Gilded Cage" Debbie Allen TBA February 23, 1989

Whitley's mother visits to find Whitley a husband, despite Whitley's pleas to study.

Guest star: Diahann Carroll.
38 16 "It's Greek to Me" Debbie Allen TBA March 2, 1989
Ron and Dwayne pledge to join a fraternity. Ron enjoys the process, but Dwayne bristles at taking orders from the older brothers.
39 17 "The Thing About Women" Debbie Allen TBA March 9, 1989

Walter and Jaleesa examine their relationship as Jaleesa goes on a date with her ex-husband Lamar.

Guest star: Thomas Mikal Ford.
40 18 "High Anxiety" Debbie Allen TBA March 16, 1989
Overscheduled Kim begins dreaming of "Killer B's", while the Gaineses argue over the return of their seemingly shiftless son, Darnell.
41 19 "Take This Job and Love It" Debbie Allen TBA March 23, 1989
Whitley's ambitious nature finds a new channel when she takes a job at The Pit in order to pay for repairs to Mr. Gaines' car, but Kim finds Whitley's endless ideas a threat to her status as the favorite employee.
42 20 "No Means No" Debbie Allen TBA March 30, 1989

Freddie goes on a date with Garth Parks, a handsome new player for Hillman's baseball team. However, Dwayne discovers that Garth is hiding a sinister side.

Guest star: Taimak.

Note: A disclaimer appears at the start of the program, advising parental discretion based on sensitive and mature content.
43 21 "Citizen Wayne" Debbie Allen TBA April 27, 1989

Dwayne runs for student council president, but can't seem to get anyone else to care about serious issues. Political activist and former U.S. presidential candidate Jesse Jackson guest stars as himself, inspiring Jaleesa and Kim in their search for the perfect gift for Freddie's 18th birthday.

Guest star: Jesse Jackson
44 22 "There's No Place Like Home" Debbie Allen TBA May 4, 1989

Students' summer plans take unexpected turns: Dwayne and Ron's beautiful new apartment becomes an impossible dream, and Walter and Jaleesa decide to grant each other the freedom to date others over the vacation. Whitley battles to work rather than holiday with her mother, until Dwayne convinces her that she'll have a long life in which to contribute to society; the two nearly share a kiss but are interrupted by the party.

Note: this episode marks Mary Alice's last appearance as Lettie.

Season 6 (1992–1993)[edit]

  • The final season of A Different World comprises 25 episodes.
  • Darryl M. Bell was absent for three episodes.
  • Charnele Brown was absent for five episodes.
  • Jasmine Guy was absent for one episode.
  • Kadeem Hardison was absent for one episode.
  • Lou Myers was absent for five episodes.
  • Jada Pinkett was absent for one episode.
  • Ajai Sanders was absent for three episodes.
  • Cree Summer was absent for six episodes.
  • Glynn Turman was absent for 13 episodes.
  • Karen Malina White was absent for one episode.
  • Gary Dourdan appears in 5 episodes as Shazza Zulu.
  • Michael Ralph, who appeared as five different characters in previous episodes, assumes the recurring role of Spencer Boyer and appears in seven episodes.
  • An updated version of the theme song is performed by Boyz II Men, and is accompained by a new opening sequence featuring the new characters.
No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Directed by Written by Original air date
120 1 "Honeymoon in L.A. (part 1)" Debbie Allen TBA September 24, 1992

Everyone returns to Hillman for the start of the new school year, including newlyweds Dwayne and Whitley. A discussion of the Rodney King police brutality trial leads to the Waynes' recount of their honeymoon in Los Angeles, which coincided with the riots that insued following the verdict.

Guest stars: Sister Souljah and Gilbert Gottfried. Debbie Allen makes a uncredited cameo appearance as a maid cleaning Bill Cosby's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Notes: Jada Pinkett (Lena), Ajai Sanders (Gina), and Karen Malina White (Charmaine) become regular cast members. First appearances of recurring cast members Bumper Robinson (Dorian) (16), Patrick Y. Malone (Terrell) (16), and Jenifer Lewis (Dorothy Davenport, Dean of Students) (6).
121 2 "Honeymoon in L.A. (part 2)" Tony Singletary Glenn Berenbein October 1, 1992

Tempers flair, anxiety increases, and Dwayne and Whitley are separated as the Los Angeles riots begin around them. Freddie's summer transformation from a peace-loving hippie into a suit-wearing law school student impresses Ron but shocks Shazza.

Guest stars: Gilbert Gottfried, Rondell Sheridan and Kenneth Mars. Roseanne and Tom Arnold make uncredited cameos.
122 3 "Interior Desecration (a.k.a. Sofa, So Good)" Debbie Allen Jeanette Collins
Mimi Freeman
October 8, 1992

Ron mediates Dwayne and Whitley's conflict over whose belongings will go and whose will stay in their new apartment—and gets his own room downstairs. The underclassmen engage in a stepping challenge, hoping to promote unity.

Guest star: Josephine Premice.

Absent: Glynn Turman.
123 4 "Somebody Say Ho!" Debbie Allen Reggie Rock Blythewood October 15, 1992

After Terrell is accused of taping a "digit ho" sign onto Charmaine's back during math class, a mock trial tests the students' attitudes on gender harrassment and threatens Terrell's future at Hillman.

Absent: Glynn Turman.
124 5 "Really Gross Anatomy" Jasmine Guy Scott Sanders October 22, 1992

Kim has trouble dissecting her first cadaver in anatomy class, but fellow medical student Spencer Boyer helps her regain her confidence. Ron offers Kim support at home, but can't shake off his attraction to Freddie. Whitley goes on an overnight business trip, leaving Dwayne home alone for the first time.

Guest star: Robert Guillaume.

Absent: Ajai Sanders.
125 6 "Don't Count Your Chickens Before They're Axed" Debbie Allen Gina Prince October 29, 1992

Whitley convinces Dwayne to spend their savings on an expensive painting, but her professional life takes a wrong turn and the painting is later stolen in a home invasion. During a couples dinner Ron, Kim, Freddie, and Shazza try to work out their differences with each other.

Guest star: Tom Wright.

Absent: Jada Pinkett, Ajai Sanders, and Glynn Turman.
126 7 "The Little Mister" TBA TBA October 29, 1992
Dwayne scoffs at the idea of the "Year of the Woman". He then falls asleep on the couch and dreams that all of the candidates in the 1992 presidential election are women, with Whitley as "Jill Blinton", and Dwayne as her husband "Hilliard" (parodying Bill and Hillary Clinton).
127 8 "Baby, It's Cold Outside" Glynn Turman Jasmine Guy November 5, 1989

Work pressures have Dwayne showing less sexual interest in Whitley, who calls in her problem to The Montel Williams Show — unaware that Gina has organized a dorm-wide viewing party. Freddie also struggles with the need to reveal to Kim her relationship with Ron.

Guest star: Montel Williams.

Absent: Lou Myers and Glynn Turman.
128/129 9/10 "Faith, Hope and Charity" TBA TBA November 12, 1992

Whitley's mother shows up for Thanksgiving with an apparent new fiancé, whose motives Whitley doubts, while Dwayne's mother likewise shows up unannounced; the fighting that ensues leads to the mothers being embroiled in a local protest for Haitian rights and being hauled off to jail. Waiting for their children to show up with bail money, the jailed mothers-in-law are shocked to learn of the recent blows to the family finances; each makes up with her child after expressing the grief she had felt over the circumstances of her only child's wedding. Revealing that he knows Freddie is cheating on him with Ron, Shazza breaks up with her.

Guest stars: Diahann Carroll and Patti Labelle.
130 11 "The Original Teacher" Debbie Allen Reggie Rock Blythewood November 19, 1992

Dwayne takes on the difficult task of mentoring two teenagers from rival gangs.

Guest stars: the rap duo Kris Kross, who also perform the song "It's a Shame."

Absent: Charnele Brown, Ajai Sanders and Karen Malina White.
131 12 "Occupational Hazards" Kadeem Hardison Jeanette Collins
Mimi Freeman
December 3, 1992

After her clothes were stolen in the home invasion, Whitley buys an expensive suit for a job interview with the intention of returning it. But she stains the suit before she can, does not get the job, and is forced to file for unemployment. Charmaine's long-distance relationship with Lance ends with a missed train and a phone call.

Guest star: Alaina Reed Hall.

Absent: Charnele Brown and Glynn Turman.
132 13 "White Christmas" TBA TBA December 17, 1992
Freddie's mother, a counselor, arrives at Christmas and immediately involves herself in everyone's personal problems, to her daughter's discomfort but others' relief; Shazza tries to woo Freddie back from Ron.
133 14 "To Whit, With Love" Debbie Allen Gina Prince January 7, 1993

Whitley takes a position teaching rebellious students at a school in a low-income neighborhood, eventually breaking through to them by teaching them African-American history not contained in their outdated textbooks. Lena's burgeoning relationship with Dorian is threatened when she learns that he is abstaining from premarital sex.

Guest stars: Marla Gibbs, Marques Houston, Romeo Jones, and Marquise Wilson.

Absent: Charnele Brown, Lou Myers, Cree Summer, and Glynn Turman.
134 15 "Happy Birthday to Moi" Debbie Allen Thomas Perry Dance January 14, 1993

Disappointed with how her year has gone, Whitley determines to plan herself the best surprise birthday party ever by prying Dwayne's plans out of Kim. Meanwhile, Charmaine and Terrell take desperate measures to pass their French midterm exam.

Guest star: Josephine Premice.

Absent: Cree Summer.
135 16 "Mind Your Own Business" Debbie Allen Jeanette Collins
Mimi Freeman
January 21, 1993

Ron and Mr. Gaines purchase a nightclub together, but the cancellation of the opening night act threatens to send Ron into financial ruin. To save the day, Mr. Gaines calls in his four nerdy but talented grandnieces—Faith, Hope, Charity, and Henrietta.

Guest stars: Bebe Drake-Massey, Aries Spears, and the original members of the R&B quartet En Vogue, who also perform the song "Free Your Mind."

Absent: Charnele Brown and Glynn Turman.

Due to declining ratings NBC placed A Different World on hiatus following episode 135, but production on the series continued. During the hiatus, the network announced the series's cancellation. A Different World returned to the schedule on May 8, 1993, with the one-hour series finale. The events in episodes 136 through 142 occur before the finale; those episodes were scheduled to air over winter 1993 prior to the series being placed on hiatus.

No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Directed by Written by Original air date
143/144 24/25 "When One Door Closes..." David Blackwell
Debbie Allen
Karen Kennedy
Susan Fales
May 8, 1993

Dwayne develops a grammar-baseball video game and sells it to Kinishewa, who not only buys the concept but offers Dwayne a job in Tokyo. Whitley finds out she is pregnant. The mothers-in-law and Mr. Wayne come to prepare Dwayne and Whitley for the move, then proceed to get drunk after discovering their first grandchild will be born in Japan. Ron and Dwayne have a falling out over Ron's input in creating the video game. When Ron contemplates suing Dwayne, it causes Freddie to question their relationship. Freddie gets her articles published in the Hillman legal journal and, after many tries, Kim finally says "yes" to Spencer's marriage proposal. Everyone gathers together at The Pit to give the Waynes a surprise farewell party the night before their departure. Ron and Dwayne reconcile in the final scene of the series.

Guest stars: Diahann Carroll, Bebe Drake-Massey, Patti Labelle, Josephine Premice, and Harold Sylvester.

Note: This hour-long episode was intended to be the series finale. Chronologically, the final events of A Different World occur here.
136 17 "Lean on Me" TBA TBA May 27, 1993

Dwayne is convinced to apply for a summer job at Kinishewa...and is surprised when his ex-girlfriend Kinu shows up as the interviewer. But when he doesn't get the position Dwayne wonders is his breakup with Kinu was the root cause.

Guest star: Alisa Gyse Dickens.

Absent: Cree Summer, Lou Myers, and Jada Pinkett.
137 18 "Dancing Machines" Bruce Kerner Scott Sanders June 3, 1993

Gina, Dorian, Lena, Charmaine and Terrell participate in a dance marathon fundraiser for Amnesty International. Ron offers his nightclub to host the event, but organizer Freddie is unconvinced that his materialistic approach to promoting is the right means to achieve her ends. Whitley agrees to look after one of her students for the weekend, and she proves to be as much of a handful at home as she is in the classroom.

Guest stars: Aries Spears and John Marshall Jones.

Absent: Glynn Turman.
138 19 "Cabin in the Sky" Henry Chan Reggie Rock Blythewood June 10, 1993

Strapped for cash, Whitley and Dwayne opt to share a cabin with Mr. Gaines and his wife, in an attempt at a long-delayed honeymoon. The Gaineses have a major fight over Vernon's distant relationship with their son—whom he left in charge of The Pit in his absence—and refuse to share a room, throwing a major curve into the Wayneses' plans for a romantic weekend.

Guest star: Bebe Drake-Massey and T.K. Carter.

Absent: Cree Summer and Glynn Turman.
139 20 "Great X-Pectations" Glynn Turman Jeanette Collins
Mimi Freeman
June 17, 1993

While preparing for a history assignment on the only meeting between Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X, Terrell and Charmaine are physically threatened by several local residents, causing Terrell to take drastic measures that could spell the end of his matriculation at Hillman; Spencer proposes marriage to Kim as often as four times a day without receiving a clear "yes."

Absent: Darryl M. Bell, Cree Summer, Lou Myers, and Glynn Turman.
140 21 "Homie, Don't Ya Know Me?" Kadeem Hardison Kadeem Hardison
Ron Moseley
June 24, 1993

Lena receives a visit by her friends from Baltimore, including ex-boyfriend Piccolo, which causes a rivalry with Dorian and a rift in Lena's other relationships.

Guest stars: Shaun Baker, Monica Calhoun, and Tupac Shakur.

Absent: Darryl M. Bell, Cree Summer, and Glynn Turman.
141 22 "A Rock, a River, a Lena" David Blackwell Glenn Berenbein July 2, 1993

When famed singer-actress Lena Horne comes to campus, Whitley mounts an elaborate tribute with her students, but Kim is struck by Whitley's inability to pay similar respect to Ms. Horne's contemporary, Mr. Gaines.

Guest stars: Lena Horne, Marques Houston, and Romeo Jones.

Absent: Glynn Turman.
142 23 "College Kid" Debbie Allen Reggie Rock Blythewood
Gina Prince
July 9, 1993

Gina, Lena, Charmaine, Dorian, and Terrell rent an off-campus apartment from a grumpy older man who turns out to be a reclusive, former professional baseball star. He is inspired to consider attending college, particularly after seeing an old flame who is now a professor. Gina's abusive ex-boyfriend returns to try to establish contact anew, frightening her and infuriating her friends.

Guest stars: Billy Dee Williams, Leslie Uggams, and Edafe Blackmon.

Absent: Darryl M. Bell, Charnele Brown, Jasmine Guy, Kadeem Hardison, Lou Myers, Cree Summer, and Glynn Turman.

XETV[edit]

XETV-TV

XHGC.png
Tijuana, Baja California/
San Diego, California
City Tijuana, Baja California
Branding San Diego 6 (general)
San Diego 6 News (news)
SD6 (abbreviated)
Canal 5 (DT2 and analog)
Slogan Helping You (San Diego 6)
Nadie te Hace Ver Más
(Nobody Else Makes You Watch More)
(Canal 5/DT2)
Channels Analog: 6 (VHF)
Digital: 23 (UHF)
Virtual: 6 (PSIP)
Subchannels 6.1 The CW HD
6.2 Canal 5 SD
Affiliations The CW (6.1)
Canal 5 (6.2 and analog)
Owner Grupo Televisa
(through Bay City Television)
(Radio Televisión, S.A. de C.V.)
First air date January 5, 1953
Call letters' meaning XE (Mexican ITU prefix)
TeleVision
Sister station(s) XEWT-TV
XHUAA-TV
Former affiliations Independent (1953-1956 and 1973-1986)
ABC (1956-1973)
Fox (1986-2008)
Transmitter power 100 kW (analog)
402 kW (digital)
Height 215 m
Transmitter coordinates 32°30′7.9″N 117°2′26.8″W / 32.502194°N 117.040778°W / 32.502194; -117.040778
Licensing authority SCT
Website www.sandiego6.com


XETV-TV, channel 6, is a television station licensed to Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, whose over-the-air signal also covers the San Diego, California area across the international border in the United States.

XETV is owned by Mexican media giant Grupo Televisa, and maintains production facilities on both sides of the border. Its technical operations and transmitter are based on Mount San Antonio in Tijuana, while its American operations (including studios, newsroom, and sales) are located in the Kearny Mesa section of San Diego. The station's San Diego-based English-language programming and sales rights are held by Bay City Television, a California corporation owned by Televisa.[1]

XETV's analog broadcast signal, and its second digital subchannel (6.2), airs programming from the Televisa-owned Canal 5 network[2], while its main digital subchannel (6.1) broadcasts in English and is affiliated with the U.S.-based CW Television Network. This feed is seen by cable viewers on the U.S. side of the market, and is also available on DirecTV to serve the few areas of the western United States where the CW network is not available through a local station.

Digital television[edit]

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming
6.1 1080i 16:9 XETV-DT Main XETV-TV programming / The CW
6.2 480i 4:3 Canal 5

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

In 2000, XETV began transmitting a digital signal on UHF channel 23, becoming the first San Diego area station to go digital. It was also the first digital station in Mexico because of its Tijuana transmitter; no other Mexican TV station had yet begun digital operations at that time.[3] It maps on digital tuners in both countries as virtual channel 6.1 through PSIP technology.

While the United States completed its transition to full-power digital television on June 12, 2009, Mexico is transitioning over several years in stages, to be completed by December 31, 2015. The Tijuana metropolitan area will be the first in the nation to switch as a pilot program, but not until April 16, 2013.[4][5] Thus, XETV did not have to discontinue analog broadcasting when American full-power stations did back in 2009.

When the original American transition date of February 17, 2009 came near, XETV had expressed intentions to follow other San Diego-area stations in going digital-only. While the U.S. switchover deadline of February 17 had been pushed back to June 12, 2009 and only applied to American-licensed stations in any case, plans were announced to voluntarily make the station's English-language programming digital-only, with the former analog signal repurposed as a repeater for Mexico City's XEQ-TV. Claims on XETV's website that the station was indeed going to be digital-only were rescinded on February 17, 2009[6] as the station decided to delay cutting off its analog signal until after it secured approval from the Mexican government.[7] XETV management later stated that it had decided to maintain its analog signal to benefit Mexican viewers.[8]

XETV's analog signal was eventually repurposed on March 5, 2012, when the station began multicasting on its digital signal with the addition of Televisa's youth-oriented Canal 5 network on subchannel 6.2. At the same time, its analog channel replaced the newscasts, CW network and syndicated programs in English (which were relegated exclusively to digital channel 6.1) with those of Spanish-language Canal 5.[9]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

XETV came into existence because of a technical quirk affecting stations in San Diego and Los Angeles. Even after the Federal Communications Commission's Sixth Report and Order lifted a four-year-long freeze on awarding television construction permits in 1952, signing on a third television station in San Diego proved difficult. While San Diego and Los Angeles are not close enough that one city's stations can be seen clearly over the air in the other, the unique southern California geography results in tropospheric propagation. This phenomenon makes co-channel interference a big enough problem that the two cities must share the VHF band.

By 1952, San Diego (awarded channels 8 and 10) and Los Angeles (assigned channels 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13) already had all but three VHF channels covered. Channel 3 initially had been deemed unusable as a signal because KEYT-TV in Santa Barbara would travel in a straight line across the Pacific Ocean (it ultimately would be allocated to Tijuana Once TV outlet XHTJB-TV). San Diego's first two television stations, KFMB-TV (channel 8) and KFSD-TV (channel 10, now KGTV), were among the last construction permits issued before the FCC freeze went into effect. The UHF band was not seen as a viable option. Television set makers were not required to include UHF tuners until 1964. Additionally, several portions of San Diego County are very mountainous, and UHF signals do not carry very well across rugged terrain.

Complicating matters, the Mexican authorities had allocated two VHF channels to neighboring Tijuana—channels 6 and 12. Since these were the last two VHF channels left in the area, the FCC did not accept any new construction permits from San Diego as a courtesy to Mexican authorities. One of Tijuana's frequencies, channel 6, had originally been assigned to San Diego before the freeze; it was reassigned to Mexico as a result of the Sixth Report and Order.[10]

Although San Diego was large enough to support three television stations, it soon became obvious that the only way to get a third VHF station on the air would be to use one of Tijuana's allocations. The Azcarraga family, owners of Telesistema Mexicano, forerunner of Televisa, quickly snapped up the license for channel 6, and signed on XETV for the first time on January 6, 1953. It is the San Diego area's second-oldest TV station, following KFMB-TV, which signed on the air on May 16, 1949.

At its launch, XETV was an independent station, broadcasting programs in both English and Spanish from its studio facilities in Tijuana.[11][12] Channel 6 also established a business office (and later, a studio) on Park Boulevard in the University Heights section of San Diego, which handled sales accounts from north of the border. The Azcarragas chose to focus XETV toward San Diego and its English-speaking audience because it had more TV-equipped homes at the time than Tijuana,[13] which did not get its own all-Spanish station until 1960 when the Azcarragas signed on sister station XEWT-TV on channel 12.[14] Even though XETV is licensed to Tijuana and owned by Mexican interests, for all intents and purposes it has been a San Diego station from the beginning.

In April 1956, XETV received permission from the FCC to begin carrying ABC programs.[15] ABC was carried part-time by KFMB-TV and KFSD-TV at the time, but the network immediately made XETV its exclusive San Diego affiliate. Around this time (if not earlier), the Spanish programs disappeared from the schedule, and XETV has broadcast almost exclusively in English since then. However, the FCC did not allow American networks to transmit their signals to stations located outside the United States. As a result, ABC programs were recorded (on film, kinescope, and later videotape) from a location north of the border and then physically transported to channel 6's facilities in Tijuana, a practice known in the television industry as "bicycling". While this arrangement legally circumvented the station's inability to acquire a direct network feed, it left XETV unable to carry live network programming, such as breaking news events and some sports coverage. The FCC held the option of renewing the authorization on an annual basis, as well as reviewing it if—and when—a third commercial station appeared on the American side of the market.

Transition[edit]

In 1968, as it had every year since 1956, the FCC renewed its permit allowing ABC to provide programming to XETV. Only this time Western Telecasters, which owned UHF independent station KCST-TV (channel 39, now KNSD), contested it and began a lengthy battle to take San Diego's ABC affiliation from XETV. KCST claimed that it was no longer appropriate for a Mexican-licensed station to be affiliated with an American television network when there now was a viable American station available, and also asserted that XETV lacked local programming which effectively served the San Diego audience.[16][17][18] In May 1972 the FCC, siding with KCST, revoked channel 6's permission to carry ABC programming, with the wording of the Commission's decision forcing ABC to move its affiliation to KCST.[19] XETV and ABC appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals, which eventually upheld the FCC ruling[20]; the station later sought relief at the U.S. Supreme Court, and was also denied.[21]

XETV surrendered the ABC affiliation to KCST in two stages: daytime programming moved to in June 1973, followed by primetime and all other shows by July 1, 1973.[22] In spite of seeing ratings gains both nationally and locally[23], ABC was dissatisfied with having been forced onto a UHF station and stayed with KCST for only four years before moving to KGTV in 1977.[24][25]

XETV once again became an independent station, with a standard program schedule comprising syndicated offerings, off-network programs, movies, and children's shows. Also, because Mexican broadcast regulations did not limit commercial time [citation needed] (as FCC regulations did at the time[26]) every Sunday, the station, in a forerunner to future changes in the U.S., in effect, became the first station in North America to carry an infomercial,[27] which consisted of a one-hour advertisement of listings of local houses for sale. As FCC regulations at that time limited television stations to 18 minutes of commercials in an hour, such a program could not have been run on U.S. television at that time.[28]

In 1976, XETV settled into a new business office on Ronson Road in the Kearny Mesa neighborhood of San Diego, while the station's broadcast operations remained in Tijuana. Channel 6's Tijuana-based production and technical operations eventually moved from Mexico to an expanded wing of this facility.[29]

In the early 1980s XETV produced a popular comedy program, Disasterpiece Theatre, which parodied campy low-budget horror and science fiction films by making fun of them as they aired, similar to the format of Mystery Science Theater 3000 a decade later.

As a Fox affiliate[edit]

XETV's Fox logo until mid-July 2008

In 1986, XETV became one of the very first stations outside of the original group of six former Metromedia stations (which had been purchased by Fox's parent company, News Corporation, earlier that year) to join the newly-launched Fox Broadcasting Company as a charter affiliate. Similar to its earlier arrangement with ABC, channel 6 had to receive pre-recorded Fox programs on tape, transported physically across the international border to the station's Tijuana broadcast facilities. From 1993 to 1997, XETV also aired programming from the Prime Time Entertainment Network (most notably Babylon 5) on weekend afternoons, instead of the weeknight primetime slots that were recommended by the programming service due to the Fox programming that aired on the station during the evening hours. When Fox acquired the broadcast rights to the NFL's National Football Conference in 1994, the FCC soon granted a waiver of the rules and allowed Fox to transmit a direct network feed to XETV.

In November 1995, then-UPN affiliate KUSI-TV tried unsuccessfully to wrestle the Fox affiliation away from XETV by filing an appeal, as cited in the United States Court of Appeals case Channel 51 of San Diego, Inc. vs. FCC and Fox Television Stations, Inc. 79 F.3d 1187. The permit was granted to Fox on behalf of XETV, and the case was settled on March 26, 1996.[30][31] That same year, the station became a Grupo Televisa-owned property outright after the Azcarragas transferred the ownership of XETV-TV to their family-run Mexico City-based multimedia company.

In 1999, a new addition to the Ronson Road studios was constructed to house the station's newsroom and studio set for a planned news department that launched in December of that year. The 25,000-square foot, three-story facility was built due to the fact that the one-story building that the station's offices were based from adjacent to the new facility (which continued to house sales and management offices after the new facility was completed) was not large enough to house a fully staffed news department; the offices for XETV's production, promotions and engineering departments were also relocated to the new building.[3]

Becoming "San Diego 6"[edit]

During a seminar by Sam Zell on March 25, 2008, it was revealed that Tribune Broadcasting (which was acquired by Zell the previous year as part of his takeover of corporate parent Tribune Company) had signed an affiliation agreement with Fox for its San Diego CW affiliate KSWB-TV.[32] Fox cited concerns with having its programming airing on a Mexican-licensed station, even though XETV had been with Fox since the network's inception and had broadcast its programming almost entirely in English for over half a century.[33] This caught XETV station management off guard as officials were unaware about the pending affiliation switch until the announcement was made public.[34]

The fate of both XETV and the CW affiliation for the San Diego market remained unclear until July 2, 2008, when channel 6 announced that it had signed an agreement to acquire the CW affiliation.[35][36] The station began dropping on-air references to Fox just over two weeks later on July 19, 2008, referring to itself as "San Diego 6, Your New Home for The CW". XETV-TV's 22-year association with Fox ended on August 1, 2008 as the affiliation swap officially took place with the Fox affiliation moving over to KSWB-TV, while channel 6 joined The CW.[37] XETV, upon switching networks, replaced KSWB on DirecTV as a default affiliate in the few areas of the western United States where a CW-affiliated station is not receivable over-the-air or through cable television (DirecTV identifies XETV as "CW-W" and carries its programs in standard definition only). The San Diego 6 logo incorporates a miniature CW logo in its top left corner for news programming, otherwise setting it off to the right in proportionate size; instead of being the standard green color, the CW logo is colored a bright blue in non-news advertising to match the station logo's blue, gold and white color scheme.

Secondary affiliation with Canal 5[edit]

On March 5, 2012, XETV added a second network affiliation on analog channel 6 and digital subchannel 6.2 in standard definition, when it became the new Tijuana affiliate for Televisa's Canal 5 network, which was formerly carried by XHBJ-TV. The affiliation switch coincided with the commencement of digital multicasting on Televisa's Tijuana stations, as part of the ongoing transition in Mexico from analog to digital TV broadcasting. With XHBJ-TV now broadcasting the Galavisión network on its analog and primary digital channels, Canal 5 replaced XETV's English-language service on its analog signal, to serve Tijuana viewers without digital TV sets or converter boxes until it permanently ceases analog transmissions in 2013.

Special broadcast authority[edit]

Because XETV is licensed to Tijuana by the Mexican government, it is not covered under the FCC's must carry rules. This means that local cable providers are not required to carry XETV, even if the TV station requests to be carried under this provision. However, subchannel 6.1 is carried by Cox Communications, Time Warner Cable and AT&T U-verse in San Diego and by Cablemás in Tijuana on channel 106,[38] while subchannel 6.2 is not carried by the systems on the American side of the border.[39] Subchannel 6.2 notwithstanding, XETV has broadcast almost entirely in English since 1956, if not earlier. The only exceptions are station identifications, the compulsory playing of the Mexican national anthem El Himno Nacional Mexicano, technical disclaimers and public service announcements.

XETV broadcasts 24 hours a day, however for legal sign-on purposes and as required by Mexican regulations (specifically Article 41 of Mexico's Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem), its broadcast day begins at 5 a.m. Pacific time Monday through Saturday and 6 a.m. on Sundays; this begins with the playing of El Himno Nacional Mexicano, followed by the customary operational information and disclaimer, read in both English and Spanish on its primary digital channel (6.1).[40] For a period of time dating back to its days as a Fox affiliate, the station had also played the national anthem of the United States, The Star Spangled Banner, prior to the disclaimer (XETV has since dropped the latter anthem and only shows the former).

Since the mid-1990s, XETV's production operations have been based in the United States. The station's production, news and sales operations are owned by Televisa subsidiary Bay City Television, while Televisa itself owns the master control and transmitter facility on Mount San Antonio in Tijuana. Local programming is fed from San Diego to Mount San Antonio by way of microwave link, and network and syndicated shows via satellite. There is currently no local programming on XETV which originates from Tijuana.[3]

Because its broadcast area covers San Diego, XETV also voluntarily complies with the FCC's policies on public service and requirements for E/I children's programming.[14][41]

Programming[edit]

As the San Diego affiliate of The CW, XETV clears the network's entire programming schedule on digital channel 6.1. However due to its weekend morning newscasts, the station splits the network's Vortexx animation lineup for children into two blocks on Saturday mornings: one from 5-8 a.m. and the other following the newscast from 10 a.m.-12 p.m. (conversely KTLA/Los Angeles and WGN-TV/Chicago, two of the three other CW affiliates that carry local newscasts on Saturday mornings, air them prior to the Vortexx block in order to run the lineup in pattern). Syndicated programming featured on XETV includes Seinfeld, America's Funniest Home Videos, The Wendy Williams Show, Rules of Engagement, The Office, We the People With Gloria Allred and The Simpsons. XETV also produces a lifestyle program, San Diego Living, airing weekdays following the station's morning newscast.

As the Tijuana affiliate of Canal 5, XETV clears the entire network schedule on its analog signal and on digital subchannel 6.2. Children's programming includes Spanish-dubbed versions of Nickelodeon's iCarly, SpongeBob Squarepants, The Fairly OddParents, Danny Phantom and The Penguins of Madagascar, as well as original Televisa programs such as its animated version of El Chavo. Other programming, also mostly Spanish-dubbed versions of current and recent American shows, includes Malcolm in the Middle, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and Sabados de Corona, a Saturday night telecast of boxing matches sponsored by Corona.[42]

Codes and sweepstakes[edit]

Until recently, "SD6 Rewards" had been XETV's viewer loyalty game that superseded a similar viewer game, "Couch Potato", in May 2010. Viewers simply watched channel 6 throughout the day for special SD6 Rewards codes (which only apply on the day given) and answers to trivia questions. If the viewer entered the code and answered the given trivia questions on the SD6 Rewards site, they earned points to either win or buy prizes, or buy entries to certain sweepstakes.

Since the cancellation of the rewards program, similar sweepstakes and contests have continued on XETV with viewers simply entering codes shown on certain programs onto its website for free entries to win such prizes as movie tickets or free passes to San Diego Comic-Con International.

News operation[edit]

Currently, XETV broadcasts a total of 28 hours and 25 minutes of local newscasts each week (with four hours and 41 minutes on weekdays, and 2½ hours on weekends). The odd-numbered amount is due to the fact that the station's 11 p.m. newscast on weeknights has a running time of 11 minutes, making XETV the largest minor network station serving the United States that has an in-house news department whose evening newscast does not run for 30, 35 or 60 minutes; conversely, its 10 p.m. newscast is the only San Diego-targeted television newscast in that timeslot that runs for a half-hour (competing against hour-long news programs seen on KUSI-TV and KSWB-TV). Out of the six English-language television stations in the market with news departments, XETV is the only one that does not produce local newscasts that air in midday or early evening timeslots.

XETV had previously carried a local newscast from the station's launch in 1953 until 1967 (Lionel Van Deerlin, later a San Diego congressman, was a news director in XETV's early years). As an independent station, XETV then ran local newsbriefs throughout the day until the station affiliated with Fox in 1986. The station established its current news department on December 27, 1999, starting out with a 35-minute local news program at 10 p.m.[43] (which later expanded to one hour in 2002), subsequently followed by the debut of its weekday morning newscast (initially three hours in length) and a now-defunct noon news program in September 2000.

On September 5, 2006, XETV's news team gained national attention, when investigative reporter John Mattes was badly beaten by Sam Suleiman and Rosa Barraza, a husband-and-wife team accused of a real estate scam who were being investigated by the reporter. The incident was captured on tape and shown on many news programs throughout the nation.[44] On January 20, 2007, XETV debuted a two-hour weekend morning newscast (the program originally aired at 7 a.m., but was moved to 8 a.m. after the CW affiliation switch).[45]

Upon becoming the San Diego market's new CW affiliate on August 1, 2008, XETV became the only CW affiliate not under Tribune Broadcasting ownership that produces its own local newscasts. The station added an 11 p.m. newscast titled 11@11 following the affiliation switch (in the case of XETV, it is so named due to the program being only 11 minutes in length);[33] XETV is currently the only CW affiliate with an evening newscast in the traditional late news timeslot (11 p.m. Pacific time on the California side of the market). The following year in 2009, the 10 p.m. newscast was pared back from one hour to 33 minutes (the program has since been reduced to a half-hour).

On March 9, 2009, XETV shut down its sports department, and sports anchors C.S. Keys (who returned to XETV as a weather and traffic anchor in October 2011) and Andrea Nakano and sports producer Mike Lamar were fired by then-vice president and general manager Richard Doutre Jones (who left the station in June 2010 and was replaced by veteran sales manager Chuck Dunning). Doutre Jones said in a statement that the decision "had everything to do with return on investment... I think people depend on us for weather and news; I don't think sports is what they think of."[46] On April 23, 2011, XETV became the sixth television station in the San Diego market to broadcast its local newscasts in high definition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Spanish TV Networks All Over The Metro (March 15, 2012)", San Diego Radio News, http://www.sandiegoradionews.com/news12/0100120315.htm Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Fybush.com's Tower Site of the Week: XETV, Tijuana/San Diego, February 13, 2009.
  4. ^ http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5246325&fecha=04/05/2012
  5. ^ "TDT. El apagon piloto en Tijuana" (Spanish), Telecomplejidades Telecomunicaciones, Radio, TV, Internet y TIC, http://irosasr.mx/blog/tdt-el-apagon-piloto-en-tijuana/ , retrieved 30 November 2012.
  6. ^ From hdtv.forsandiego.com
  7. ^ Digital TV switch goes smoothly in San Diego, Alex Pham and Meg James, Associated Press, February 19, 2009
  8. ^ Few calls received on digital switch: 3 local stations opted for Tuesday change, Jonathan Sidener, U-T San Diego, February 19, 2009
  9. ^ "Spanish TV Networks All Over The Metro (March 15, 2012)", San Diego Radio News, http://www.sandiegoradionews.com/news12/0100120315.htm Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  10. ^ McIntyre, Dave (1953-04-25). Afraid of Fortune Tellers?. Billboard. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  11. ^ SDRadio.net: "Media Bytes" for Monday, April 14, 2008
  12. ^ Moran, Kristin C., "The Development of Spanish-Language Television in San Diego: A Contemporary History". The Journal of San Diego History. Volume 50, Winter/Spring 2004, numbers 1 and 2. San Diego, CA: San Diego Historical Society, pp. 47-48, https://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/v50-1/spanish_tv.pdf Accessed 11 December 2009.
  13. ^ "About XETV, San Diego 6", article from XETV website, http://www.sandiego6.com/about-us Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  14. ^ a b Ibid., pg. 47.
  15. ^ "XETV (TV) to carry ABC films, kines." Broadcasting - Telecasting, February 27, 1956, pg. 88. [2]
  16. ^ "U asks FCC aid in quest for ABC." Broadcasting, November 18, 1968, pg. 46. [3]
  17. ^ "ABC resists shift to San Diego U." Broadcasting, December 23, 1968, pg. 37. [4]
  18. ^ Radio Televisión S.A. de C.V. and Bay City Television, Inc., v. Federal Communications Commission, U.S. Court of Appeals No. 96-1438
  19. ^ "Beginning of the end for XETV-ABC association." Broadcasting, June 5, 1972, pp. 36-37. [5] [6]
  20. ^ "ABC told to sever tie with XETV." Broadcasting, January 8, 1973, pg. 29. [7]
  21. ^ "XETV strikes out in Supreme Court." Broadcasting, June 18, 1973, pp. 37-38. [8][9]
  22. ^ "San Dieqo truce approved." Broadcasting, March 12, 1973, pg. 57. [10]
  23. ^ "ABC's gains are turning television upside down." Broadcasting, March 29, 1976, pp. 19-20. [11][12]
  24. ^ "In Brief." Broadcasting, June 7, 1976, pg. 24. [13]
  25. ^ "In Brief." Broadcasting, March 7, 1977, pg. 26. [14]
  26. ^ Television Q&A: Whatever happened to FCC restrictions on commercials?, The Miami Herald, May 18, 2012.
  27. ^ Order Now!: The Short History of Paid Programming, Neatorama, April 10, 2012.
  28. ^ The Federal Communications Commission, 11 B.C.L. Rev. 595, Boston College Law Review, Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  29. ^ The Radio and TV Database Project: Tijuana/Tecate
  30. ^ 79 F.3d 1187
  31. ^ Radio Televisión v. FCC, No. 96-1438
  32. ^ Fox switching affiliates in S.D., U-T San Diego, March 25, 2008.
  33. ^ a b Trading places: Fox, CW switch network channels, U-T San Diego, August 1, 2008.
  34. ^ "XETV, KSWB Battle For Fox Affiliation In San Diego". 
  35. ^ [15]
  36. ^ XETV San Diego Becomes CW Affil Aug. 1
  37. ^ It's official: XETV picks up The CW affiliation...
  38. ^ "About Cable Reception", http://www.sandiego6.com/about-us/reception#systems, accessed 24 February 2012.
  39. ^ Per channel listings at zap2it.com, zip:"92111".
  40. ^ Youtube - XETV San Diego Sign-on 2007.08.20 (Flash Video). 
  41. ^ Contact XETV San Diego 6, http://www.sandiego6.com/content/contacts/default.aspx Accessed 11 December 2009.
  42. ^ "Televisa's Canal 5 home page (Spanish)". Televisa Networks. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  43. ^ Thomas Larson, "Making News: Two Local TV Stations", San Diego Reader, September 14, 2000. Retrieved September 17, 2000 from ThomasLarson.com.
  44. ^ "Camera records attack on Fox 6 News reporter". 2006-09-07. 
  45. ^ "Fox 6 adds weekend a.m. news". U-T San Diego. 2007-01-20. Retrieved 2012-09-16. 
  46. ^ XETV Scraps Sports, Broadcasting & Cable, March 10, 2009.