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Paul William John Glover (born February 27, 1963) is a British petrophysicist and geophysicist and has been a key contributor to the theory, modelling and measurement of the electrical properties of rocks.

Early life[edit]

Paul Glover was born in Birmingham and brought up in a sub-urban semi in Erdington. He was educated Yenton Primary School and Handsworth Grammar School. Glover studied Physics at Imperial College London in the Royal College of Science, but spent most of his time working for the Royal College of Science Union and looking after a 1916 Dennis N-type fire-engine called "Jezebel" that is still looked after by the RCS Motor Club. Although he obtained only a moderate BSc (1984), Paul Glover has always maintained that the engineering training that he gained from looking after the fire-engine contributed significantly to his later research. Glover then studied Geophysics and Planetary Physics at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, where he was fortunate to be supervised by Keith Runcorn FRS who was in the process of developing a world-leading department studying the geophysics of the Earth and Moon. However, Glover decided to base his research on the archaeological applications of geophysical techniques and was one of the first scientists to develop an earth resistivity meter designed solely for archaeological prospecting (MSc, 1985). Subsequently, Glover transferred to the University of East Anglia to work with Frederick Vine, pioneering experimental work on the electrical conductivity of rocks in the lower crust (PhD, 1989).

Plate Tectonics[edit]

As a graduate student Fred Vine's Ph.D was 'magnetism in the seafloor', on which he worked along with his supervisor Drummond Matthews. Having met Harry Hess he was fully aware of his theories on sea floor spreading where the ocean bed effectively acts as a 'conveyor belt' moving away from the central ridge.[1] Vine's work, along with that of Drummond Matthews and Lawrence Morley of the Geological Survey of Canada, helped put the variations in the magnetic properties of the ocean crust into proper context (Vine–Matthews–Morley hypothesis). Specifically Vine and Matthews supported Dietz’s (Nature 1961) idea that sea floor spreading was occurring at mid ocean ridges. Vine and Matthews showed that basalt created at a mid-ocean ridge records earth’s current magnetic field polarity (and strength), thus turning Hess's theoretical 'conveyor belt' into a 'tape recorder'.[1] Furthermore, they showed that magnetic reversals, suggested by Allan Cox (Nature 1963),[2] can be seen as parallel strips as you travel perpendicularly away from the ridge crest.[1]

Academic career[edit]

Professor Glover has had an extremely diverse career that has so far spanned 5 countries and 3 continents. He started as an experimental rock physicist working at high temperatures and pressures and concentrating on the electrical properties of rocks, but expanded his expertise to include theoretical work and numerical modelling of all transport properties. While at the University of East Anglia, Professor Glover carried out extremely difficult experimental work measuring the electrical conductivity of graphite-rich and graphite-free amphibolites and granulites at lower crustal temperatures and pressures with a full water saturation and pore fluid pressure with R.G. Ross and Frederick Vine. These measurements were carried out in order to understand the high conductivity zones that are found in the lower crust all over the world. After graduating he spent a number of years working for British Petroleum as a research petroleum engineer at the BP Research Centre, Sunbury-on-Thames, but returned to academia in 1992 as a NERC postdoctoral research fellow in the Rock and Ice Physics Laboratory at University College London under P.G. Meredith. While at UCL he converted their uniaxial and triaxial rock deformation apparatuses to measure eletrical conductivity, which resulted in a technique for

Vine had a distinguished career. He did important research with E.M. Moores on the Ophiolite within the Troodos mountains of southern Cyprus. He worked with R.A. Livermore and A.G.Smith on the history of Earth's magnetic field.[3] He then did groundbreaking work on the electrical conductivity of rocks from the lower continental crust with R. G. Ross and P.W.J. Glover, which culminated in 1992 with measurements of the electrical conductivity of graphite-rich[4] and graphite-free[5] amphibolites and granulites at lower crustal temperatures and pressures with a full water saturation and pore fluid pressure.

In 1967 he became assistant professor of geology and geophysics at Princeton University. In 1970 he worked at the School of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia, U.K., firstly as a Reader, then as Professor in 1974, and was Dean from 1977–1980, and again from 1993–1998. Since 1998, Vine has been a Professorial Fellow of the University of East Anglia.[3] As of 2008 he remains at the university as Emeritus Professor.[6]


Professor Vine has received a number of honours including :


  • Vine, F. J. (2001). "Reversals of fortune". In Oreskes, N. An insider's history of the modern theory of the Earth. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. pp. 46–66. [6][7]
  • Glover, P.W.J.; Vine, F.J. (1992). "Electrical conductivity of carbon bearing granulite at raised temperatures and pressures". Nature. 360 (6406): 723–726. doi:10.1038/360723a0. [4]
  • Glover, P.W.J.; Vine, F.J. (1992). "Electrical conductivity of the continental crust". Geophys.Res.Lett. 21: 2357–2360. doi:10.1029/94GL01015. [5]
  • Vine, F. J.; Matthews, D H (1963). "Magnetic anomalies over oceanic ridges". Nature. 199 (4897): 947–949. Bibcode:1963Natur.199..947V. doi:10.1038/199947a0. [7]
  • Vine, F. J. (2003). "Ophiolites, ocean crust formation and magnetic studies: a personal view". In Dilek, Y. and Newcomb, S. Ophiolite concept and the evolution of geological thought. Geological Society of America Special Paper. 373. pp. 65–75.  [6]
  • Kearey, Philip; Klepeis, Keith A.; Vine, Frederik J. (2009). Global tectonics (3 ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. p. 482. ISBN 978-1-4051-0777-8.  First edition: 1990, second edition: 1996.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c BBC / Open University broadcast series Earth Story, Vine interviewed by Professor Aubrey Manning
  2. ^ Cox A, Dalrymple GB, Doell RR. "Geomagnetic Polarity Epochs and Pleistocene Geochronometry". Nature. 198 (4885): 1049. Bibcode:1963Natur.198.1049C. doi:10.1038/1981049a0. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Cite error: The named reference Fred1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b Glover, P.W.J.; Vine, F.J. (1992). "Electrical conductivity of carbon bearing granulite at raised temperatures and pressures". Nature. 360 (6406): 723–726. doi:10.1038/360723a0. 
  5. ^ a b Glover, P.W.J.; Vine, F.J. (1992). "Electrical conductivity of the continental crust". Geophys.Res.Lett. 21: 2357–2360. doi:10.1029/94GL01015. 
  6. ^ a b c University of East Angliea - Fred Vine profile
  7. ^ a b Geological Society

External links[edit]

DEFAULTSORT:Vine, Fred Category:1939 births Category:Living people Category:People educated at Latymer Upper School Category:Alumni of St John's College, Cambridge Category:Princeton University faculty Category:Academics of the University of East Anglia Category:British geologists Category:British geophysicists Category:Fellows of the Royal Society

de:Frederick Vine et:Frederick Vine es:Frederick Vine pl:Frederick Vine