User:Petusek/Drafts/40-word lists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Haida comparative list[edit]

L1977 = Lawrence, Erma and Jeff Leer (1977). Haida Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.

B1891 = Boas, Franz (1916). Vocabularies of the Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian Languages. (Read before the American Philological Society, October 2, 1891)

JL = Jordan Lachler, personal communication :-) (Thanks a lot, Jordan!)

Index Concept Kaigani Alaskan Masset Northern Skidegate Southern Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Yeniseian Amerind Notes
1 louse t'am
[tʼəm]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Yeniseian Amerind cf. PTsez ̣*tʼɨma "nit"
2 two sdáng
[stʌŋ]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Yeniseian Amerind cf. PTsez qʼʷɨ-nV A "two"
3 water g̱ándl
[ʡ͡ʜʌnt͡ɬ]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET *xur1 // *(k)uʎ(ǝ) Amerind cf. PY *xur1 // *(k)uʎ(ǝ)
cf. PTsez *ʎ:ɨ̃ B "water" < PEC *xxänɦɨ
4 ear gyúu
[kjuː]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET *ʔɔ[gde/qtV] Amerind cf. PTsez *ʔãẋa
5 die k'ut'ahl
[kʼʊtʼəɬ]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET *qɔ- Amerind B1891 /g˙ʼōtʼutl/ means "dead"
cf. PY *qɔ-<br*>cf. PY *qōGV "hunt, kill"
cf. PY *ẋV(n)t- "body"
cf. PTsez *=iẋʷ-
6.1 I (a) díi
[tiː]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET *ʔaʒ // *ad(')(ǝ) Amerind cf. PTsez *dǝ
6.2 I (b) hl(áa)
[ɬ(aː)]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Yeniseian Amerind Skidegate hll (with syllabic l)
7 liver tl'ak'úl
[t͡ɬʼǝkʼʊl]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*--sEnt' or ~*--xyEnt' *seŋ Amerind cf. PY *tV[p/b]Vĺ- "spleen"
cf. PTsez *žebu B
8 eye x̱áng
[ħʌŋ]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison T wa‘ɢ, PAE *neˑχ Amerind cf. PY *[q/ẋ]ɔŋ "face"
cf. PTsez *ħɔre B
9 hand stláay
[st͡ɬʰaːj]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*--(S-)ts'i()G "finger", PA ɬaʼŋ *ŕɔŋ Amerind cf. PY *tǝʔq // *thǝʔq "finger"
cf. PY *ŕɔŋ "hand"
cf. PTsez *kʷɨrV
10 hear gudáng
[kʊtʌŋ]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*D-'yanG "to be heard": ~*di'yanG varying with ~*d'yanG "it is heard" Amerind cf. PY *[ʔ/x/h]eq- "to hear"
cf. Tsez *tuqʷ- B
11 tree ḵíit
[qʰiːt]
N ? S ? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind Boas k˙ʼātlʼat seems to be another word.
cf. PY *[ʔ/x]ɔksi // *(x)o[k/t]si
12 fish chíin
[t͡ʃʰiːn]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind Boas has tcitl
cf. PY *c[ī]k // *t'iʔǝgǝ "snake, fish"
13 name kyaa
[kʰjæː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*wE-sxe()(w) or ~*u:-sxe()(w) Amerind kyaa "a name", ki'íi "someone's name", díi ki'íi "your name" (The -ii ending is a fairly frequent one on inalienably possessed nouns)
cf. PY *ʔiG // *igǝ
cf. PY *qäʔG "word"
14.1 stone(a) tl'ak'(a)
[t͡ɬʼǝkʼ(ǝ)]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind "sharpening stone"
14.2 stone(b) ḵwaa
[qʰwaː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*kya(:)y "rock, stone" Amerind The Boas g˙ōtaʹ is mysterious.
cf. PY *čɨʔs // *t'ɨʔs
15 tooth ts'áng
[t͡sʼʌŋ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
16.1 breasts(a) ḵán
[qʰʌn]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind L1977 /ḵán/ means "chest"
16.2 breasts(b) tl'ánuu
[t͡ɬʼɨnuː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*(S-)ts'aw "(female) breast, breast milk" Amerind L1977 /tl'ánuu/ means "female breast"
17 thou dáng
[tʌŋ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
18 path k'yúu
[kʼjuː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
19 bone skuj
[skʰʊt͡s]
N? skuuji Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind Some Alaskan speakers say [t͡ʃ] instead of [t͡s]
20 tongue t'áangal
[tʼaːŋǝl]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison Pre-Tlingit ~*--L-ts'aw-t' "suck-DISTRIB" >

Tlingit --L'u't' "tongue"

Amerind
21 skin ḵ'ál
[qʼʌl]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*--xyets' "skin (of fish)" Amerind
22.1 night(a) sángyaa
[sʌŋjaː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind "evening"
cf. PY *siɢ // *šigǝ "night"; *saGar1 // *sagaʎ "to spend the night"
22.2 night(b) g̱áal
[ʡ͡ʜaːl]
N? S? Tlingit g̱íid ~*xye()-L "evening" Amerind Enrico: a cognate of Tlingit g̱íid "dark"
PAET instrumental noun suffix *-L
cf. PY *ẋoʔn- // *qoʔn "dark"
23 leaf(a) xíl
[xɪl]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind Boas dlk˙ʼaʹñgual is mysterious.
24 blood g̱áy[ʡ͡ʜʌi] N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*kye/i() Amerind cf. PY *sur
25 horn nasáang
[nǝsaːŋ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
26.1 person x̱aad(as)
[ʜaːt(ǝs)]
N? x̱aayda Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind X_aayda in Skidegate. x_aad or x_aadas in the north... x_aat'áay 'the people'
26.2 person nang
[nǝŋ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind "someone"
cf. PY *dǝʔq- "to live"
cf. Eskimo *ǝnǝ "house, dwelling"
27 knee ḵ'ulúu
[qʼʊluː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*--Gunt' Amerind cf. PY *g[i]d "elbow, joint; to bend"
cf. PY *ken- "shouler joint"
28 one sg̱wáansang
[sʡ͡ʜwaːnsəŋ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*kyi:w(-C) "first" Amerind cf. PY *[q/ẋ]an- "to become, begin"
cf. PY *-saŋ "to begin"
PY *ẋu-sa
29 nose kún
[kʰʊn]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind cf. PY *xaŋ
30 full st'ah
[stʼəh]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
31 come - -
32 star k'aayhlt'áa
[kʼaːjɬtʼaː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind Boas has k˙ʼēʹitsāō
cf. PY *qɔ̄qa
33.1 mountain(a) - tʼēʹis cf. PAET ~*kya(:)y "rock, stone"
cf. PY *čɨʔs // *t'ɨʔs
cf. STONE above
33.2 mountain(b) tlat'awáay
[t͡ɬʰətʼəwaːj]
tlat'awáay tldērāʹu tlat'a'áaw is the basic form for 'a mountain' ... tlat'aawáay would be 'the mountain'
34 fire ts'áanuu
[t͡sʼaːnuː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
35.1 we(a) íitl'
[iːt͡ɬʼ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
35.2 we(b) t'aláng/tl'áng
[tʼ(ə)lʌŋ, t͡ɬʼʌŋ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind
36 drink g̱aníihl, níihl
[ʡ͡ʜəniːɬ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind Boas has qutl
37 see ḵíng
[qʰɪŋ]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*O-s-kyo:ng "see O" Amerind cf. PY *[q/ẋ]o-
38 new g̱áwtlaa
[ʡ͡ʜʌwt͡ɬʰaː]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind cf. PY *giʔ // *kiʔ
cf. PY *tu[l/r]- // *thul-
39 dog x̱a
[ħə]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison ~*kyey-L "barker" Amerind PAET ~*kyey-L "barker" > "dog" in Tlingit
40 sun juuyáay
[d͡ʒuːjaːj]
N? S? Enrico's Na-Dene Comparison AET Amerind dzidlg˙oē
cf. PY *xiGa // *(h)egǝ

AET list[edit]

Haida basic list[edit]

Yeniseian[edit]

Chinese 40-word list[edit]

Eskimo 40-word list[edit]

Czech-English[edit]

Alternatives Ratio Percentace Notes
no 9/40 22,5% 77,78% of cognates in the 1st half
yes 16/43 37,21% 50 to 56,25% of cognates in the 1st half

Sumerian[edit]

Algic 40-word list[edit]

Yukaghir 40-word list[edit]

Hurro-Urartian 40-word list[edit]

Andian 40-word list[edit]

Basque 40-word list[edit]

Template 40-word list[edit]

Altaic 40-word list[edit]

Avar 40-word list[edit]

Tsezic 40-word list[edit]

Lezgian 40-word list[edit]

Abkhaz-Tapant 40-word list[edit]

Circassian 40-word list[edit]

Ubykh 40-word list[edit]

PWC 40-word list[edit]

Khinalugh 40-word list[edit]

Lak 40-word list[edit]

Dargwa 40-word list[edit]

Nakh 40-word list[edit]

Amerind[edit]

ALGIC Wiyot Yurok Algonquian Kutenai Salish Chimakuan Wakashan Caddoan Iroquoian Keresan Siouan Yuchi Tsimshian Chinook Oregon

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Archi Dictionary