User:Qorilla/Territorial changes of Hungary
The territorial changes of Hungary are the changes of the borders of Hungary throughout history. The greatest change happened in 1920, when Hungary lost over 70% of its territories by the Treaty of Trianon.
The Hungarian Principality (Hungarian: Magyar Fejedelemség) was formed around the 850s decade. Hungarians, a union of seven tribes, settled in the Carpatian Basin during the conquest of 895 (Hungarian: honfoglalás).
In those times territory borders were not of key importance for their principality, but rather the people who belonged to it, consequently the principality did not have strict borders.
Foundation of the Kingdom
Union with Croatia
Croatia unified with Hungary around the turn of the 11th-12th centuries. The events surrounding the union of Croatia and Hungary are the source of a major historical controversy.
According to the research of the Library of Congress a faction of Croatian nobles contesting the succession after the death of Zvonimir offered the Croatian throne to King Ladislaus I. In 1091 Ladislaus accepted, and in 1094 he founded the Zagreb bishopric. King Coloman of Hungary crushed opposition after the death of Ladislaus I and won the crown of Dalmatia and Croatia in 1102. The crowning of Coloman forged a link between the Croatian and Hungarian crowns that lasted until the end of World War I. Croats have maintained for centuries that Croatia remained a sovereign state despite the voluntary union of the two crowns, but Hungarians claim that Hungary annexed Croatia outright in 1102. In either case, Hungarian culture permeated Croatia, the Croatian-Hungarian border shifted often, and at times Hungary treated Croatia as a vassal state. Croatia, however, had its own local governor, or ban; a privileged landowning nobility; and an assembly of nobles, the Sabor.
Other sources say King Coloman established the personal union of the Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Hungary by an alleged agreement called Pacta Conventa. Although, the precise time and terms of Pacta Conventa later became a matter of dispute; nonetheless there was at least a non-written agreement that regulated the relations between Hungary and Croatia in approximately the same way.
Gaining parts of the Polish Kingdom
Conquests of Matthias Corvinus
Treaty of Trianon
In March 1939, Hungary reconquested the whole Carpathian Ruthenia.
Treaty of Paris
- Kristó, Gyula (2002). Szent István király (in Hungarian). Neumann Kht. Unknown parameter
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- Bellamy, Alex J. (2003), The Formation of Croatian National Identity: A Centuries-old Dream, Manchester University Press, ISBN 9780719065026
- Curtis, Glenn E. (1992). "A Country Study: Yugoslavia (Former) - The Croats and Their Territories". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
- Font, Marta:Hungarian Kingdom and Croatia in the Middle Age
- Britannica:History of Croatia