From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
| - Did you know...
- ...that according to the controversial Hockney-Falco thesis, the rise of realism in Renaissance art, such as Jan Van Eyck's Arnolfini Portrait, was largely due to the use of curved mirrors and other optical aids?
- ...that the phage group was an informal network of biologists centered around Max Delbrück that contributed heavily to the origins of molecular biology?
- ...that the nearly neutral theory of molecular evolution explains why the rates of molecular clocks are generally independent of population size?
- ...that American evolutionary biologist Jack Lester King co-authored a provocative 1969 paper, "Non-Darwinian Evolution", on the neutral theory of molecular evolution?
- ...that nutritionist-turned-molecular biologist Thomas H. Jukes was one of the few scientists ever to have a regular column in the journal Nature?
- ...that biologists Emile Zuckerkandl and Linus Pauling would intentionally avoid peer review when publishing their most provocative works on molecular evolution?
- ...that Linus Pauling and Emile Zuckerkandl proposed using protein sequences to estimate the time since genetic divergence, early in the history of molecular evolution research?
- ...that humans have lived near Nevada's Swan Lake Nature Study Area since 400 AD?
- ...that John Y. Naka's bonsai masterpiece Goshin (pictured) consists of eleven trees representing Naka's eleven grandchildren?
- ...that molecular evolutionist Morris Goodman used protein sequence data to reconstruct the evolutionary history of hemoglobin and called this the first "hard evidence of Darwinian evolution"?
- ...that according to the 2R hypothesis, the genomes of modern vertebrates are the result of two rounds of genome duplication hundreds of millions of years ago?
- ...that the Journal of Molecular Evolution, founded in 1971, was the first scientific journal dedicated to this field?
- ...that in order to fight in the Spanish Civil War, American biologist Clement Markert stowed away aboard a freighter?
- ...that Rachel Carson was so disappointed in the Oscar-winning film adaptation of her 1951 bestseller The Sea Around Us that she never again sold film rights to her work?
- ...that English biochemist Ernest Baldwin (1909 – 1969) was a pioneer in the field of comparative biochemistry?
- ...that science historians have done so much work related to Charles Darwin that this area of research is often called the Darwin Industry?
- ...that Canadian biochemist Archibald Macallum used measurements of ionic concentrations in blood sera to argue for the ancient marine origin of all vertebrates?
- ...that the Great Phenol Plot of 1915 was to divert phenol from U.S. explosives production to prop up German Bayer's aspirin business?
- ...that the history of aspirin has been marked by fierce competition, patent and trademark battles, and even an international conspiracy known as the Great Phenol Plot?
- ...that anthropologist John Buettner-Janusch sent a batch of poisoned candy to Judge Charles L. Brieant Jr. after he was convicted of running an illegal drug lab?
- ...that Richard Lenski's long-term evolution experiment with E. coli has been tracking genetic changes in bacteria for over 20 years?
- ...that the origins of chromatography can be traced to the work of Russian botanist Mikhail Tsvet (pictured), but his work saw little use until the 1930s?
- ... that biochemist Harvey Itano, who worked with Linus Pauling to determine the molecular basis of sickle cell disease, was the first Japanese American admitted to the National Academy of Sciences?
- ... that biochemist Rollin Hotchkiss, a pioneer in bacterial transformation and molecular genetics, helped to popularize the term "genetic engineering"?
- ... that the 1944 Avery-MacLeod-McCarty experiment, later celebrated for showing that DNA is the genetic material, challenged the prevailing wisdom that genes were made of protein?
- ... that the Barack Obama "HOPE" poster designed by artist Shepard Fairey was based on a photograph from before Obama officially launched his presidential campaign?
- ... that the one gene-one enzyme hypothesis is often considered the first significant result in what came to be called molecular biology?
- ... that during the Darwin Centennial Celebration of 1959, religious humanist Julian Huxley delivered a controversial "secular sermon" arguing that traditional religion was no longer needed?
- ... that the numerous photographs of Charles Darwin—at least 53 (example pictured)—may have helped secure the singular connection between Darwin and the theory of evolution in popular thought?
- ... that in his 1970 book Vitamin C and the Common Cold, Linus Pauling explains primates' inability to synthesize vitamin C as a result of evolution?
- ... that the idea that molecular evolution is dominated by genetic drift originally took its name from the 1969 paper "Non-Darwinian Evolution"?
- ... that the T4 rII experimental system enabled biologist Seymour Benzer to map a gene down to the level of one or two base pairs before the invention of DNA sequencing?
- ... that the concept of "molecular disease" from the 1949 paper "Sickle Cell Anemia, a Molecular Disease" became the basis for Linus Pauling's later views on molecular evolution and eugenics?
- ... that the sculpture Nature Unveiling Herself Before Science (pictured) depicts what historians have described as "the modern fantasy of (female) nature willingly revealing herself to the (male) scientist"?
- ... that the historical novel Night Thoughts of a Classical Physicist, about the rise of modern physics, inspired a lecture by Steven Weinberg called "Night Thoughts of a Quantum Physicist"? (with User:Sadads)
- ... that scholars estimate that it takes two or three generations for a tradition to emerge? (with User:Piotrus and others)
- ... that sociologist Ben Aggers has described the trend of selfies as "the male gaze gone viral"?
- ... that biochemist Sofia Simmonds, despite her scientific accomplishments, was not promoted to full professor at Yale until nearly 30 years after she started there?