User:RandomCritic/Sandbox

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Slavic month names[edit]

Latin Belarussian Bulgarian Croatian Czech Macedonian Polish Slovenian
Januarius Studzen' Prosinets Siječanj leden
Februarius Lyuty Veljača únor
Martius Sakavik Sukh Ožujak březen
Aprilis Krasavik Bryazok Travanj duben
Majus Traven' Truven Svibanj květen
Junius Cherven' Lipanj červen
Julius Lipen' Srpanj červenec
Augustus Zhniven' Kolovoz srpen
September Verasen' Ruyi/Ruyen Rujan září
October Kastrychnik Listopad Listopad říjen
November Listapad Gruden Studeni listopad
December Snezhan' Studen Prosinac prosinec

User:Larry442010/Dieselpunk

Timeline of planetary encounters[edit]

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

Moon probes[edit]

Byflights[edit]

Spacecraft Date Type Notes Ref
Luna 1 January 4, 1959 flyby first spacecraft in the vicinity of the Moon (flew within 5,995 km, but probably an intended impactor) [1]
Pioneer 4 March 4, 1959 flyby achieved distant flyby; first US probe to enter solar orbit [2]
Luna 3 October 6, 1959 flyby first images from the lunar farside [3]
Ranger 3 January 28, 1962 impactor missed target [4]
Ranger 5 October 21, 1962 impactor power failure, missed target [5]
Luna 4 April 5, 1963 lander? missed target, became Earth satellite [6]
Luna 6 June 8, 1965 lander missed Moon [7]
Zond 3 July 20, 1965 flyby successful flyby [8]
Zond 5 September 18, 1968 flyby bioscience experiments [9]
Zond 6 November 14, 1968 flyby cosmic-ray, micrometeoroid and bioscience studies [10]
Zond 7 August 11, 1969 flyby returned to soft landing on Earth [11]
Zond 8 October 24, 1970 flyby returned to soft landing on Earth [12]
Mariner 10 November 1973 flyby en route to Venus and Mercury [13]
ICE (formerly ISEE3) December 22, 1983 flyby gravity assist en route to comet flybys [14]
AsiaSat 3 May/June 1998 errant communications satellite, flew within 6,200 kilometers of Moon during orbit correction manoeuvres [15]
Nozomi September 24, 1998 flyby gravity assists on planned mission to Mars [16]
December 18, 1998 flyby

Orbiters[edit]

Spacecraft Date Type Notes Ref
Luna 10 April 3, 1966 –
May 30, 1966
orbiter [17]
Explorer 33 July 1, 1966
September 15, 1971
orbiter studied interplanetary plasma, cosmic rays, magnetic fields and solar X rays; failed to attain lunar orbit as intended, but achieved mission objectives from Earth orbit [18]
Lunar Orbiter 1 August 14, 1966
October 29, 1966
orbiter photographic mapping of lunar surface; intentionally impacted after completion of mission [19]
Luna 11 August 28, 1966
October 1, 1966
orbiter [20]
Luna 12 October 25, 1966
January 19, 1967
orbiter [21]
Lunar Orbiter 2 November 10, 1966
October 11, 1967
orbiter photographic mapping of lunar surface; intentionally impacted after completion of mission [22]
Lunar Orbiter 3 February 8, 1967
October 9, 1967
orbiter photographic mapping of lunar surface; intentionally impacted after completion of mission [23]
Lunar Orbiter 4 May–October 1967 orbiter lunar photographic survey [24]
Explorer 35 July 1967 –
June 24, 1973
orbiter studies of interplanetary plasma, magnetic fields, energetic particles and solar X rays [25]
Lunar Orbiter 5 August 5, 1967
January 31, 1968
orbiter lunar photographic survey; intentionally impacted after completion of mission [26]
Luna 14 April 10, 1968 – ? orbiter [27]
Luna 19 October 3, 1971
October 1972
orbiter [28]
Explorer 49 June 15, 1973
June 1975
orbiter radio astronomy observations; last US lunar mission until 1994 [29]
Luna 22 June 2, 1974
November 1974
orbiter [30]
Hiten February–April 1993 orbiter in Moon-crossing Earth orbit from January 1990, later transferred to lunar orbit after failure of Hagoromo; intentionally impacted on Moon at end of mission [31]
Hagoromo March 1990 orbiter released by Hiten into lunar orbit, but transmitter failed and orbit never confirmed
Clementine February–June 1994 orbiter lunar and Earth observations and component testing; planned Geographos flyby failed [32]
Lunar Prospector January 1998 –
July 1999
orbiter lunar surface mapping; intentionally impacted into polar crater at end of mission to test for liberation of water vapour (not detected) [33]
SMART-1 November 13, 2004
September 3, 2006
orbiter technology testbed and lunar geological studies; intentionally impacted at end of mission [34]
Chang'e 1 October 2007 orbiter on launch pad [35]
SELENE
(Kaguya)
October 3, 2007 – planned one year mission orbiter, two co-satellites in orbit; planned mineralogical, geographical, magnetic and gravitational observations [36]

Landers and impactors[edit]

Spacecraft Date Type Status Notes Ref
Luna 2 September 14, 1959 impactor success first impact on Moon [37]
Ranger 4 April 26, 1962 impactor failure hit the lunar farside; no data returned [38]
Ranger 6 2 February, 1964 impactor partial success impacted, but no pictures returned due to power failure [39]
Ranger 7 July 31, 1964 impactor success returned pictures up until impact [40]
Ranger 8 February 20, 1965 impactor success returned pictures up until impact [41]
Ranger 9 March 24, 1965 impactor success TV broadcast of live pictures up until impact [42]
Luna 5 May 12, 1965 lander failure crashed into Moon [43]
Luna 7 October 7, 1965 lander failure crashed into Moon [44]
Luna 8 December 6, 1965 lander failure crashed into Moon [45]
Luna 9 February 3, 1966 –
February 6, 1966
lander success first soft landing; first images from the surface [46]
Surveyor 1 June 2, 1966 lander success first US soft landing; Surveyor program performed various tests in support of forthcoming manned landings [47]
Surveyor 2 September 23, 1966 lander failure crashed [48]
Luna 13 December 24, 1966 lander success [49]
Surveyor 3 April 20, 1967
May 4, 1967
lander success [50]
Surveyor 4 July 17, 1967 lander failure crashed into Moon [51]
Surveyor 5 September 11, 1967
December 17, 1967
lander success [52]
Surveyor 6 November 10, 1967
December 14, 1967
lander success [53]
Surveyor 7 January 10, 1968
February 21, 1968
lander success [54]
Luna 15 July 21, 1969 sample return failure crashed into Moon [55]
Luna 16 September 20, 1970 sample return success first robotic sample return [56]
Luna 17 November 17, 1970
October 4, 1971
lander success [57]
Lunokhod 1 rover success first robotic rover; travelled over 10 km
Luna 18 September 11, 1971 lander/sample return? failure crashed into Moon [58]
Luna 20 February 21, 1972 sample return success second successful robotic sample return [59]
Luna 21 January 15, 1973
May 1973?
lander success [60]
Lunokhod 2 rover success second robotic rover; travelled 37 km
Luna 23 November 6, 1974 sample return failure damaged on landing, sample return failed [61]
Luna 24 August 18, 1976 sample return success third and final successful sample return in Luna programme [62]

Moon features[edit]

Riccioli Langren Hevelius
Insula Ventorum
"Isle of Winds"
Lacus Mortis
"Lake of Death"
Lacus Somniorum
"Lake of Dreams"
Littus Eclipticum
"Ecliptic Shore"
Africæ Pars
"Part of Africa"
Mare Crisium Mare De Moura sive Caspium Palus Moeotis
Mare Fecunditatis
"Sea of Fecundity"
Mare Langrenianum
"Langrenian Sea"
Mare Caspium
"Caspian Sea"
Mare Frigoris
"Sea of Chill"
Mare Astronomicum
"Astronomers' Sea"
Mare Hyperboreum
"Hyperborean Sea"
Mare Humorum Mare Venetum
"Venetian Sea"
Sinus Sirbonis
"Sirbonian Gulf"
Mare Imbrium
"Sea of Showers"
Mare Austriacum
"Austrian Sea"
Mare Mediterraneum (N)
"Mediterranean Sea"
Mare Nectarum Sinus Batauicus
Mare Nubium
Sea of Clouds
Mare Borbonicum
"Sea of the Bourbons"
Mare Pamphilicum
"Sea of the Pamphili"
Mare Serenitatis
"Sea of Serenity"
Mare Eugenianum
"Sea of Eugene"
Pontus Euxinus (N)
"Black Sea"
Mare Tranquilitatis
"Sea of Tranquility"
Mare Belgicum
"Dutch Sea"
Pontus Euxinus (S)
"Black Sea"
Mare Vaporum Fretum Catholicum
"Catholic Strait"
Propontis
"Sea of Marmara"
Oceanus Procellarum
"Ocean of Storms"
Oceanus Philippicus
"Philip's Ocean"
Mare Mediterraneum
"Mediterranean Sea"
Palus Nebularum
Palus Nimborum
Palus Putredinis
Palus Somni
Peninsula Deliriorum
Peninsula Fulgurum
Peninsula Fulminum
Sinus Æstuum
"Bay of "
Sinus Epidemiarum
"Bay of "
Sinus Iridum
"Bay of Rainbows"
Sinus Geometricus?
"Geometers' Bay"
Sinus Roris
"Bay of Dew"
Sinus Principis
"Prince's Bay"
Sinus Hyperb(oreus)
"Hyperborean Bay"
Stagnum Glaciei
Terra Caloris
"Land of Heat"
Terra Iustitiæ
"Land of Justice"
Ægyptus & Palæstina
"Egypt and Palestine"
Terra Fertilitatis
"Land of Fertility"
Terra Dignititis (S)
"Land of Worth"
Persia
"Iran"
Terra Grandinis
"Land of Hail"
Terra Virtutis
"Land of Virtue"
Terra Manna
"Land of Manna"
Terra Temperantiæ
"Land of Temperance"
Colchis
Terra Nivium
"Land of Snows"
Montes Austriaci
"Austrian Mountains"
Romania & Italia
Terra Pruinæ
"Land of Frost"
Terra Laboris
"Land of Labor"
Terra Sanitatis
"Land of Health"
Terra Dignitatis (N)
"Land of Worth"
Asia Minor
Terra Siccitatis
"Land of Drought"
Terra Honoris
"Land of Honor"
[[Regio Hyperboria
"Hyperborean Region"
Terra Sterilitatis
"Land of Sterility"
Libyæ Pars & Arabia
"Part of Libya" and "Arabia"
Terra Vigoris Terra Pacis
"Land of Peace"
Sarmatiæ Asiaticæ Pars
& Scythiæ Pars

"Part of Asiatic Sarmatia and Part of Scythia"
Terra Vitæ
"Land of Life"
Terra Sapientiæ
"Land of Wisdom"
Sarmatiæ Europeæ Pars
& Taurica Chersonesus

"part of European Sarmatia and the Tauric Chersonese"

Features by Octant[edit]

Octans Terræ Littores Insulæ Peninsulæ Oceani Maria Sinus Lacus Paludes Stagna
I Pruinæ
Siccitatis
Eclipticum Procellarum Imbrium Iridum
Roris
Putredinis
II Siccitatis
Grandinis
Nivium
Frigoris
Imbrium
Vaporum
Nebularum
Putredinis
Glaciei
III Vitæ Serenitatis
Vaporum
Mortis
Somniorum
IV Vigoris
Sanitatis
Tranquilitatis
Fecundidatis
Crisium
V Sanitatis
Manna
Nectaris
Fecunditatis
VI
VII Sterilitatis
Caloris
Deliriorum
Fulgurum
Humorum
Nubium
Epidemiarum
VIII Caloris Eclipticum Ventorum Procellarum Æstuum Nimborum

Octant I[edit]

Anaximander Aristarchus Cleosteatus Ecphantus Eratosthenes Harpalus Heraclides Helicon Oenopides Pitheas Pythagoras Timocharis Xenophanes

Octant II[edit]

Anaxagoras Anaximen. Aratus Archimed. Architas Aristillus Aristotel. Autolicus Calippus Conon Democrit. Epigenes Euctemon Eudoxus Meton Philolaus Plato Timaeus Thales Theætet.

Octant III[edit]

Atlas Berosus Cepheus Geminus Endymion Hercules Hermes Higinius Manilius Menelaus Mercurius Messhala Osymandies Possidonius Sulpic. Gall. Zoroaster

Octant IV[edit]

Agrippa Alcuin. Ariadæus Beda Censorinus Cleomedes S. Dionys. Areop. Exiguus Firmicus Goclenius (or Goelenius) Iul. Cæsar Langrenus Macrob. Mark. Capella Proclus Plinius Plutarch. Seneca Sosigenes Taruntius Vitruuius

Octant V[edit]

Abenezra Abilfedea Alf... Almanon Azophi Claramontius Fabritius Fracastor. Fumen(i)us Geber Hipparchus Hypatia Metius Mulerius Neãder Petauius Piccolomin. Pontanus Rab. Leui Reitha Riccius Sacrobosc. S. Catharina S. Cyrill S. Isidorus S. Theophil. Santbec. Snellius Steuicus? Stiborius Tatius Theon iun. Theon sen. Vendelin. Zagut

Octant VI[edit]

Albategn. Aliacensis Alpehagati? Alphonsus Apianus Arzachel Barocius Bartolus Blanchinus Casatus Fernelius Gabeus Gauricus Gemma Fris. Gruemberger Gulielm-Haff Hagecius Homelius Licetus Lilij Longomontan. Maginus Malapet... Man... Maurolycus Moretus Mutus Nonius Orotnius Petiscus Ptolemaeus Purbachius Regiomontanus Scheiner Schomberger Simpelius Stoefler Thebis? Valtherus Zucchius

Octant VII[edit]

Bayerus Bulliadus Byrgius Campanus Capuanus Cichus Crugerus De... Eichstadius Fontana (crater) Gassendus Hainzelius Herigonius Iunctinus Kristmanus Mersenius Morinus Munosius Origanus Phocylides Profetius Rothmãnus Schikardus Schillerus Sirsalis Vietæ Zupus

Octant VIII[edit]

Bessa... Billy Caualerius Carolinus Copernicus Cusanus Dari.. Dom. Maria Eustachius Grimaldus Heuelius Hortens. Keplerus Lansbergius Linemannus Marius Milichius Moletius Reinerus Reinhold Rheticus Ricciolus Rocca Stadius


Elections of the Holy Roman Emperors[edit]

Elections of 1314[edit]

Dates: October 19 and October 20, 1314

Place: Frankfurt

Elected: and Louis V

Election of 1346[edit]

Date:

Place:

Electors:

Elected: Charles IV, King of Germany.

Election of 1348[edit]

Date: January 10, 1348

Place: Lahnstein

Elected: Edward III of England

This gathering of electors chose the King of England (then recently victorious in his war with France) as King in opposition to Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

Edward resigned the crown on May 10, 1348.

Election of 1349[edit]

Date: January 30, 1349

Place: Frankfurt

Electors:

Elected: Günther von Schwarzburg

Günther of Schwarzburg died on June 14, 1349.

Cities[edit]

Countries[edit]

Countries In Degulia (Europe)

Colonies in Columbia (America, the New World)

Rulers of Lilliput[edit]

Members of the House of Clinabs (House of Commons)[edit]

Members of the House of Hurgoes (House of Lords)[edit]

Names[edit]

Georgius Agricola 1494-1555, mineralogist Rodolphus Agricola 1443-1485, humanist Jacobus Arminius 1560-1609, theologian Andreas Cellarius 1596-1665, cartographer Johannes Cocceius 1603-1669, theologian Nicolaus Copernicus 1473-1543, astronomer Hugo Donellus 1527-1591, legal scholar Johannes Drusius 1550-1616, theologian Desiderius Erasmus 1469-1536, humanist Gemma Frisius 1508-1555, mathematician Hugo Grotius 1583-1645, jurist Alexander Hegius 1433-1498, humanist Jodocus Hondius 1563-1612, cartographer Johannes Janssonius 1588-1664, cartographer Franciscus Junius 1545-1602 Franciscus Junius (the younger) 1591-1677, philologist Leonardus Lessius 1554-1623 Justus Lipsius 1547-1606, humanist Georgius Macropedius 1487-1558 Gerardus Mercator 1512-1594, cartographer Johannes Oporinus 1507-1568, scholar in Greek Abraham Ortelius 1527-1598, cartographer Petrus Ramus 1515-1572 humanist Beatus Rhenanus 1485-1547 Joseph Justus Scaliger 1540-1609 Rudolph Snellius 1546-1613 Willebrord Snellius 1580-1626 Adrianus Turnebus 1512-1565, classicist Andreas Vesalius 1514-1564, physician Gisbertus Voetius 1589-1676, theologian Hermann Witsius 1636-1708, theologian

Swedes[edit]


Presidential electoral votes in southern states 1789-1872
Year Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi Missouri North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia
1789 not a state not a state not a state Washington not a state not a state not a state not a state not voting Washington not a state not a state Washington
1792 not a state not a state not a state Washington Washington not a state not a state not a state Washington Washington not a state not a state Washington
1796 Adams not a state Adams Adams Adams Adams
1800 Adams not a state Adams Adams Adams Adams
1804 Pinckney not a state Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson
1808 Pinckney not a state Pinckney Pinckney Pinckney Madison
1812 Clinton not a state Clinton Clinton Clinton Madison
1816 King not a state King Monroe Monroe Monroe
1820 Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe[1] Monroe Monroe
1824 Adams Adams[2] Adams Adams Adams Adams
1828 Adams Adams[2] Adams Adams Adams Adams
1832 Clay Jackson Clay Jackson Clay Wirt
1836 Van Buren Van Buren Webster Van Buren Van Buren Harrison
1840 Harrison Harrison Harrison Van Buren Harrison Harrison
1844 Clay Polk Clay Polk Clay Clay
1848 Taylor Cass Taylor Cass Taylor Taylor
1852 Pierce Pierce Scott Pierce Pierce Scott
1856 Frémont Frémont Frémont Frémont Frémont Frémont
1860 Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln
1864 Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln
1868 Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant
1872 Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant


New England in Presidential elections[edit]

Presidential electoral votes in New England
Year Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont
1789 Washington not a state Washington Washington did not vote not a state
1792 Washington not a state Washington Washington Washington Washington
1796 Adams not a state Adams Adams Adams Adams
1800 Adams not a state Adams Adams Adams Adams
1804 Pinckney not a state Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson Jefferson
1808 Pinckney not a state Pinckney Pinckney Pinckney Madison
1812 Clinton not a state Clinton Clinton Clinton Madison
1816 King not a state King Monroe Monroe Monroe
1820 Monroe Monroe Monroe Monroe[3] Monroe Monroe
1824 Adams Adams[2] Adams Adams Adams Adams
1828 Adams Adams[2] Adams Adams Adams Adams
1832 Clay Jackson Clay Jackson Clay Wirt
1836 Van Buren Van Buren Webster Van Buren Van Buren Harrison
1840 Harrison Harrison Harrison Van Buren Harrison Harrison
1844 Clay Polk Clay Polk Clay Clay
1848 Taylor Cass Taylor Cass Taylor Taylor
1852 Pierce Pierce Scott Pierce Pierce Scott
1856 Frémont Frémont Frémont Frémont Frémont Frémont
1860 Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln
1864 Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln Lincoln
1868 Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant
1872 Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant Grant
1876 Tilden Hayes Hayes Hayes Hayes Hayes
1880 Garfield Garfield Garfield Garfield Garfield Garfield
1884 Cleveland Blaine Blaine Blaine Blaine Blaine
1888 Cleveland Harrison Harrison Harrison Harrison Harrison
1892 Cleveland Harrison Harrison Harrison Harrison Harrison
1896 McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley
1900 McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley McKinley
1904 Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt
1908 Taft Taft Taft Taft Taft Taft
1912 Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Wilson Taft
1916 Hughes Hughes Hughes Wilson Hughes Hughes
1920 Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding Harding
1924 Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge Coolidge
1928 Hoover Hoover Smith Hoover Smith Hoover
1932 Hoover Hoover Roosevelt Hoover Roosevelt Hoover
1936 Roosevelt Landon Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Landon
1940 Roosevelt Willkie Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Willkie
1944 Roosevelt Dewey Roosevelt Roosevelt Roosevelt Dewey
1948 Dewey Dewey Truman Dewey Truman Dewey
1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1956 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1960 Kennedy Nixon Kennedy Nixon Kennedy Nixon
1964 Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson
1968 Humphrey Humphrey Humphrey Nixon Humphrey Nixon
1972 Nixon Nixon McGovern Nixon Nixon Nixon
1976 Ford Ford Carter Ford Carter Ford
1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Carter Reagan
1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1988 Bush Bush Dukakis Bush Dukakis Bush
1992 Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton
1996 Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton
2000 Gore Gore Gore Bush Gore Gore
2004 Kerry Kerry Kerry Kerry Kerry Kerry
2008 Obama Obama Obama Obama Obama Obama
  1. ^ One electoral vote cast for John Quincy Adams
  2. ^ a b c d One elector voted for Andrew Jackson.
  3. ^ One electoral vote cast for John Quincy Adams