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Pforzheim Jewellery Museum
Schmuckmuseum Pforzheim
The museum is part of the Reuchlinhaus cultural center.
The museum is part of the Reuchlinhaus cultural center.
Established 1961 (1961)
Location Pforzheim, Germany
Type Art museum
Director Cornelie Holzach
Website www.schmuckmuseum.de

The Pforzheim Jewellery Museum (German: Schmuckmuseum Pforzheim) is a museum in Pforzheim, Germany dedicated to the history of jewelry. The museum's collections span about 4,500 years of history, from the Greco-Roman period to the present.[1]:10 The museum also documents the local jewelry industry.[2]

History[edit]

The jewelry industry in Pforzheim dates back to 1767, when Margrave Karl Friedrich of Baden granted the town a patent allowing residents to make jewelry and watches.[3]:6[4] The first workshops were established in a converted orphanage.[1]:10

During the second half of the 19th century, both the School for the Applied Arts (Großherzoglich-Badische Kunstgewerbeschule Pforzheim) and the Pforzheim Arts & Crafts Association began to collect old jewelry for students and designers to use as models and inspiration. These collections were made available to the public in 1938 as the Pforzheim Municipal Jewellery Museum. The museum was only open for three years; it closed in 1941 due to World War II.[5]:12

Allied forces targeted Pforzheim during the war both due to its jewelry and watchmaking industries and because the town was determined to be easy to find and destroy.[6] Most of the museum's original collection survived the multiple bombings of the town. After the war, the municipal administration and the city council resolved to reopen the museum.[3]:6 In the 1950s, the museum's collection was overseen by Hermann Wahl. Wahl enlarged the collection on the advice of Theodor Heuss, the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany.[1]:12

The museum reopened to the public as part of the Reuchlin House cultural center (Pforzheim Kulturzentrum Reuchlinhaus) in 1961. The Reuchlin House was designed by German architect Manfred Lehmbruck and built between the years of 1957 and 1961.[2][3]:6 The center was named after Johann Reuchlin, a Pforzheim-born humanist and a scholar of Greek and Hebrew.

Collection[edit]

The museum's core collection as first seen on display in the Pforzheim Municipal Jewellery Museum has grown to include pieces dating from the 3rd millennium BC to the present.[3]:7[4]. The galleries encompass the historical and modern collections, the Eva and Peter Herion collection of ethnic jewelry, the watch collection (including the Philipp Weber Pocket Watch Collection), a collection of 1,200 rings, and a collection of watches and jewelry from Pforzheim's major industries.[7]

Gallery[edit]


Arthur Good[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Falk, Fritz; Holzach, Cornelie (1999). Schmuck der Moderne, 1960-1998: Bestandskatalog der modernen Sammlung des Schmuckmuseums Pforzheim = Modern jewellery, 1960-1998: catalogue of the modern collection in the Schmuckmuseum Pforzheim (in German and English). Stuttgart: Arnold. ISBN 9783925369810. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Skinner, Damian (6 October 2011). "The Schmuckmuseum, Pforzheim". Art Jewelry Forum. Art Jewelry Forum. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Falk, Fritz (2004). Schmuck jewellery, 1840-1940: highlights Schmuckmuseum Pforzheim (in German and English). Stuttgart: Arnold. ISBN 9783897901803. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Agram.m (29 November 2012). "Treasures of the Incomparable Pforzheim Jewelry Museum". Collectors Weekly. Market Street Media LLC. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Falk, Fritz (1985). Europäischer Schmuck : vom Historismus bis zum Jugendstil = European jewellery : from historism to modern style (in German and English). Königsbach-Stein: H. Schöner. ISBN 9783923765133. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Siebert, Detlef (17 February 2011). "British Bombing Strategy in World War Two". BBC History. BBC. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Collection and Reuchlinhaus". Schmuckmuseum Pforzheim. Schmuckmuseum Pforzheim. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  8. ^ Hoving, Kirsten A. (March 2006). "The Surreal Science of Soap". American Art. 20 (1): 14–35. doi:10.1086/504060. Retrieved 29 January 2015.