User:RebekahThorn/Haplogroup U5 (mtDNA)

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Haplogroup U5
Possible time of origin(Behar 2012b)
AncestorU
DescendantsU5a, U5b
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

In human population genetics, mitochondrial (mtDNA) haplogroups define the major lineages of direct maternal (female) lines back to a shared common ancestor in Africa. In human genetics, Haplogroup U is a predominately Eurasian lineage.

Contents

Origin[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Africa[edit]

Population Location Language Family N Frequency Source

Asia[edit]

Population Language Family N Frequency Source

Europe[edit]

Western Europe[edit]

Population Language N Frequency Source

Eastern Europe[edit]

Population N Frequency Source

Historic and Pre-Historic Samples[edit]

Populations N Frequency Source


Subclades[edit]

Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup I subclades is based on the paper (van Oven 2008) and subsequent published research (Behar 2012b). For brevity, only the first three levels of subclades (branches) are shown.

  • U5
    • U5a
      • U5a1
        • U5a1b
        • U5a1c
        • U5a1d
        • U5a1e
        • U5a1f
        • U5a1h
      • U5a2
        • U5a2a
        • U5a2b
        • U5a2c
        • U5a2d
    • U5b
      • U5b1
        • U5b1d
        • U5b1f
        • U5b1g
      • U5b2
        • U5b2a
        • U5b2b
        • U5b2c
      • U5b3
        • U5b3a
        • U5b3b
        • U5b3c
        • U5b3d
        • U5b3e
        • U5b3f

Distribution[edit]

U5a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a
Possible time of origin17,500 to 27,400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA14793G, C16256T (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1
Possible time of origin14,100 to 19,800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA15218G, A16399G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a
Possible time of origin8,100 to 16,200 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsT1700C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a1
Possible time of origin2,900 to 10,800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsT5495C, A15924G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a1a
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA3816G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a1b
Possible time of origin600 to 5,900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsG15110A (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a1d[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a1d
Possible time of originAbout 2,000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsG185A, T204C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a2
Possible time of origin6,700 to 13,900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations573.XC, C12346T (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a2a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a2a
Possible time of origin300 to 5,400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA5319G, A6629G, T6719C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a2a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a2a1
Possible time of originAbout 1,600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsT6293C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a2b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a2b
Possible time of origin5,000 to 11,700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA13105G! (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1a2b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1a2b1
Possible time of origin700 to 5,500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsG8269A, T10326a, T14278C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1g[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1g
Possible time of origin2,400 to 12,500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsC7792T (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b
Possible time of origin5,600 to 11,100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA9667G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1
Possible time of origin5000 to 9000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1a
Possible time of origin2,500 to 7,500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsT4553C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1a1
Possible time of originAbout 1,500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsC14574T (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1b
Possible time of origin3,100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsT8119C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1c[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1c
Possible time of origin2,600 to 7,300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsG9055A (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1c1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1c1
Possible time of origin2,500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsT1187C (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1c2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1c2
Possible time of origin300 to 4,700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsG3705A, G16129A! (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1d[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1d
Possible time of originAbout 4,100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA12358G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1e[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1e
Possible time of origin2,600 to 7,800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA12582G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b1f[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b1f
Possible time of origin900 to 6,800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsG15596A, G16129A! (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b2
Possible time of originAbout 3,400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA9632G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b3[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b3
Possible time of originAbout 2,000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsG16428A (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1b4[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1b4
Possible time of origin200 to 9,000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutationsA12331G (Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1c[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1c
Possible time of origin10600 to 18600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1c1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1c1
Possible time of origin400 to 9500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1c2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1c2
Possible time of origin8900 to 17000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1c2a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1c2a
Possible time of origin1600 to 10200 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1d[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1d
Possible time of origin11900 to 18300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1d1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1d1
Possible time of origin1900 to 13300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1d2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1d2
Possible time of origin10100 to 17100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1d2a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1d2a
Possible time of origin700 to 6200 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1d2a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1d2a1
Possible time of origin-900 to 3700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1d2b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1d2b
Possible time of origin1000 to 7400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1e[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1e
Possible time of origin1400 to 12200 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1f[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1f
Possible time of origin12400 to 18600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1f1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1f1
Possible time of origin6800 to 14700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1f1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1f1a
Possible time of origin2900 to 10100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1f1a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1f1a1
Possible time of origin1800 to 8000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a1h[edit]

Haplogroup U5a1h
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2
Possible time of origin14500 to 22300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2a
Possible time of origin7000 to 18900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2a1
Possible time of origin3500 to 8700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2a1a
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2a1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2a1b
Possible time of origin700 to 5300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2a1b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2a1b1
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2a1c[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2a1c
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2a1d[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2a1d
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2b
Possible time of origin8300 to 14600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2b1
Possible time of origin5800 to 14700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2b1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2b1a
Possible time of origin4,000 to 12,300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)

U5a2b1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2b1b
Possible time of origin600 to 11900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2b2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2b2
Possible time of origin800 to 6000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2b3[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2b3
Possible time of origin2800 to 9600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2b4[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2b4
Possible time of origin3800 to 12900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2c[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2c
Possible time of origin8200 to 14700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2c1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2c1
Possible time of origin300 to 7400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2c2[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2c2
Possible time of origin4400 to 12300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2c3[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2c3
Possible time of origin5700 to 12400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2c4[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2c4
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2d[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2d
Possible time of origin13100 to 20800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2d1[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2d1
Possible time of origin2100 to 10700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5a2e[edit]

Haplogroup U5a2e
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b
Possible time of origin19200 to 26400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1
Possible time of origin10600 to 20400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1a
Possible time of origin4200 to 13100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b
Possible time of origin6600 to 15100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1
Possible time of origin3200 to 11200 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1a
Possible time of origin1700 to 5500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1a1
Possible time of origin600 to 4000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1a1a
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1d[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1d
Possible time of origin2000 to 6600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1f[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1f
Possible time of origin500 to 6400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1b
Possible time of origin-9900 to 9900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b1e[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b1e
Possible time of origin0 to 3800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1b2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1b2
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1c[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1c
Possible time of origin7100 to 13600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1c1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1c1
Possible time of origin4300 to 11800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1c1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1c1a
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1c2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1c2
Possible time of origin3900 to 9500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1c2a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1c2a
Possible time of origin500 to 5300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1c2b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1c2b
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1e[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1e
Possible time of origin1100 to 6100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1e1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1e1
Possible time of origin700 to 4500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1e1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1e1a
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1f[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1f
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1d[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1d
Possible time of origin7400 to 16000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Possible place of originMediterranean,Scythia or West Asia.
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1d1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1d1
Possible time of origin5300 to 12900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

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U5b1d1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1d1a
Possible time of origin1400 to 6700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b1g[edit]

Haplogroup U5b1g
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2
Possible time of origin16800 to 23200 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a
Possible time of origin11300 to 18600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a1
Possible time of origin9300 to 17600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a1a
Possible time of origin6800 to 14400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a1a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a1a1
Possible time of origin900 to 7700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a1a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a1a1a
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a1a1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a1a1b
Possible time of origin1200 to 7400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a1a2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a1a2
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a1b
Possible time of origin100 to 5100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a2
Possible time of origin7400 to 14100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a2a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a2a
Possible time of origin1700 to 8000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a2a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a2a1
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a2b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a2b
Possible time of origin2200 to 7300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a2b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a2b1
Possible time of origin300 to 4600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a2c[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a2c
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a3[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a3
Possible time of origin3000 to 14100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a4[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a4
Possible time of origin900 to 10100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a4a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a4a
Possible time of origin100 to 5300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a5[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a5
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2a6[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2a6
Possible time of origin300 to 11700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b
Possible time of origin12000 to 17400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b1
Possible time of origin9200 to 15800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b1a
Possible time of origin5900 to 12800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b1a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b1a1
Possible time of origin800 to 8900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b1a2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b1a2
Possible time of origin3500 to 10100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b1b
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b2
Possible time of origin5700 to 14100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b3[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b3
Possible time of origin5800 to 11700 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b3a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b3a
Possible time of origin2400 to 7300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b3a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b3a1
Possible time of origin1200 to 5900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b3a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b3a1a
Possible time of origin400 to 4400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2b4[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2b4
Possible time of origin-9000 to 12600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2c[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2c
Possible time of origin7000 to 18300 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2c1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2c1
Possible time of origin100 to 7900 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b2c2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b2c2
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3
Possible time of origin7600 to 13400 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3a
Possible time of origin6000 to 12100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3a1[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3a1
Possible time of origin4700 to 10600 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3a1a[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3a1a
Possible time of origin200 to 4800 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3a1b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3a1b
Possible time of origin700 to 8000 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3a2[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3a2
Possible time of origin2800 to 10100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3b[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3b
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3c[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3c
Possible time of origin700 to 6500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3d[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3d
Possible time of origin1900 to 8500 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3e[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3e
Possible time of origin300 to 8100 Years Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

U5b3f[edit]

Haplogroup U5b3f
Possible time of originYears Before Present (Behar 2012b)
Defining mutations(Bahar & Family Tree DNA 2012)

See also[edit]

Genetics[edit]

Backbone mtDNA Tree[edit]

Phylogenetic tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  Mitochondrial Eve (L)    
L0 L1–6  
L1 L2   L3     L4 L5 L6
M N  
CZ D E G Q   O A S R   I W X Y
C Z B F R0   pre-JT   P   U
HV JT K
H V J T

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Works Cited[edit]

Journals[edit]

  • Malyarchuk, Boris; Derenko, Miroslava; Grzybowski, Tomasz; Perkova, Maria; Rogalla, Urszula; Vanecek, Tomas; Tsybovsky, Iosif (2010). Gilbert, M. Thomas P (ed.). "The Peopling of Europe from the Mitochondrial Haplogroup U5 Perspective". PLoS ONE. 5 (4): e10285. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010285. PMC 2858207. PMID 20422015.
  • Pala, Maria; Achilli, Alessandro; Olivieri, Anna; Kashani, Baharak Hooshiar; Perego, Ugo A.; Sanna, Daria; Metspalu, Ene; Tambets, Kristiina; Tamm, Erika (2009). "Mitochondrial Haplogroup U5b3: A Distant Echo of the Epipaleolithic in Italy and the Legacy of the Early Sardinians". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 84 (6): 814. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.05.004.

Websites[edit]

Further Reading[edit]

External links[edit]