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... due to a variety of reasons; Cheers.
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The current time and date is 23:10, 23 May, 2024 (UTC). — Current articles total: 6,826,671







A Moment of Zen[edit]

Last peace : 05:54, 13 June 2014 (UTC)

Currently Reading[edit]

Favorite Color[edit]




Please edit and improve these ...

... and other articles, like History stubs, that need to be expanded.

I have improved these articles ...

... and quite a few other articles. I'm interested in these ...

... and many more (like the Kaw people and the Delaware).


Editor service award
Complete and Perfect Tutnum of the Encyclopedia.
First edit
2003-07-04 13:34:12
Image uploads


My site[edit]

A collection of life, the universe, and everything ...


Recommended site[edit]

A website that you should check out ...

Maritime history

... so, go check it out. Maybe you will have fun or learn something interesting.

Radio and music[edit]

Wanna listen to something? Check out these iStations ...

... maybe you will find some good sounds for your ears.

Sugested sounds[edit]

I currently favor and am listening to ...

... and it's good. You should check it out.

Movies and shows[edit]

Wanna watch something? Check out this entertainment ...

... maybe you will find some good thoughts for your head.

Free energy[edit]

Alternative free energy, in a strict sense, is energy directly transceived from the environment, and utilized without any artificial aid. In a technical sense, free energy means an energy source supplied directly by the environment in unlimited quantity (and this can not be depleted). Free energy here is equated with renewable energy, which is energy from a source which is not subject to depletion and does not include energy sources which are dependent upon limited resources. For more, see these articles ...

"Free energy" generally means that the primary energy source is "free" (i.e. does not cost anything) for consumption. Thus, free energy is the energy with no or negligible feedstock costs, including solar power (sometimes referred to as "electro-radiant energy"), telluric power, water power, and wind power. Free energy is reported in perpetual motion machines and the inquiries can be engaged in serious discussion of such machines in Free energy and perpetual motion history.


There manifests itself in the fully developed being - Man - a desire mysterious, inscrutable and irresistible: to imitate nature, to create, to work himself the wonders he perceives. Long ago he recognized that all perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the Akasa or luminiferous aether, which is acted upon by the life giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never ending cycles all things and phenomena. The primary substance, thrown into infinitesimal whirls of prodigious velocity, becomes gross matter; the force subsiding, the motion ceases and matter disappears, reverting to the primary substance.
Nikola Tesla

Man's Greatest Achievement

May 13, 1907
The scientific man does not aim at an immediate result. He does not expect that his advanced ideas will be readily taken up. His work is like that of a planter for the future. His duty is to lay the foundation of those who are to come and point the way.
— Nikola Tesla


This user likes Old No.7.
This user likes Swisher Sweet woodtips.
This user reads the The Wikipedia Signpost. Do you?
This user likes to check his horoscopes at EasyScopes and Astrology Zone for fun.
This user enjoys the Game of Kings and knows the rules of chess.

Current mood[edit]


Cool #9

Angel · Cool · Crying · Devilish · Embarrassed · Kiss · Monkey · Plain · Raspberry · Sad · Smile · Big smile · Smirk · Surprised · Wink


Real Name: J. D. Redding
Nickname: Reddi (Slang: ready)
Location: USA - NA - Terra - Sol
Website: The Redding Project
Gender: Male

Go Search[edit]


Books I ...[edit]

Books that I own will be listed, though they are not as many as the ones in the picture.

... own, use, have read, or use for the rainy days will be listed below. Though this is a listing of books I had owned, not everything I had and read will I list here. The books I ...

recommend ...[edit]
read and find interesting ...[edit]
have read ...[edit]
  • Ikenson, B. (2004). Patents : Ingenious Inventions, How They Work and How They Came to Be. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. 288 pages.
  • United States. (2003). Soldier's manual of common tasks: Skill level 1. Field manual. Washington (d.c.): Department of the Army; Headquarters.
  • Iannini, R. E. (2003). Electronic gadgets for the evil genius: 21 build-it-yourself projects. TAB electronics. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Valone, T. (2002). Harnessing the wheelwork of nature: Tesla's science of energy. Kempton, Ill: Adventure Unlimited Press.
  • Tesla, N., & Childress, D. H. (2000). The Tesla papers. Kempton, Ill: Adventures Unlimited.
  • Seifer, M. J. (1998). Wizard: The life and times of Nikola Tesla : biography of a genius. New York: Citadel Press/Kensington Publishing.
  • Tesla, N., & Childress, D. H. (1993). The fantastic inventions of Nikola Tesla. The Lost science series. Stelle, Ill: Adventures Unlimited.
  • Wright, R. (1992). Stolen continents: The Americas through Indian eyes since 1492. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Hart, M. H. (1992). The 100: A ranking of the most influential persons in history. Secausus, N.J.: Carol Pub. Group.
  • Laubin, R., Laubin, G., & Vestal, S. (1989). The Indian tipi: Its history, construction, and use. Norman, Okla: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Fletcher, C., & Fletcher, C. (1984). The complete walker III: The joys and techniques of hiking and backpacking. New York: Knopf.
  • Cheney, M. (1981). "Tesla: Man Out of Time". New York, Barnes & Noble Books.
  • Grant, M. (1978). History of Rome. New York: Scribner's.'
  • Burke, J. (1978). Connections. Boston: Little, Brown.
  • Cain, A. H. (1970). Young people and revolution. New York: John Day.
  • Andrews, E. B. (1914). History of the United States, Illustrated. Volume 6. Scribner's.
recommend for a rainy day ...[edit]
  • Adams, D. (1993). Mostly harmless. Hitchiker series ; 05. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • McWilliams, P. (1990). Life 101: Everything we wish we had learned about life in school--but didn't. Los Angeles, Calif: Prelude Press.
  • Adams, D., Adams, D., Adams, D., Adams, D., & Adams, D. (1991). The complete hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy. Voyager expanded book. Santa Monica, CA: Voyager.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1977). The Silmarillion. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1973). The fellowship of the ring: Being the first part of The lord of the rings. The Lord of the rings, Pt. 1. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1973). The two towers: Being the second part of The lord of the rings. The lord of the rings, Pt. 2. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1973). The return of the king: Being the third part of The lord of the rings. The lord of the rings, Pt. 3. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R., & Tolkien, C. (1984). The book of lost tales: Part I. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
read for fun ...[edit]
  • Lacroix, N., & Lacroix, N. (2004). The better sex guide: How to enjoy and maintain a healthy sex life in a loving relationship : the book for modern lovers everywhere. London: Hermes House.
  • Lebowitz, F. (1978). Metropolitan life. New York: Dutton.
  • Hallmark Cards, Inc. (1960). Poetry for pleasure; The Hallmark book of poetry. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
wish I had ...[edit]
  • Tesla, N., & Marinčić, A. (1978). Colorado Springs notes, 1899-1900. Beograd: Nolit.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1966). The hobbit, or, There and back again. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Martin, T. C., & Tesla, N. (1894). The inventions, researches and writings of Nikola Tesla: With special reference to his work in polyphase currents and high potential lighting. New York: The Electrical Engineer.

Websites I ...[edit]

Websites that I use will be listed; a great deal of good information is available outside of wikimedia.

... use and consult will be listed below. Though this is a listing of websites I like, not everything I have bookmarked and consult will I list here; but I will add the sites that I have in my collection as time time goes on that I like. The sites I ...

suggest ...[edit]

consult and use ...[edit]

check for current events...[edit]

News publications

Technology publications

Science publications


visit for fun ...[edit]

History Timelines[edit]

Universe Timeline[edit]

Astronomical year numbering

ionizationPlasma recombinationNucleosynthesisFormation and evolution of the Solar SystemParticleVirtual particlesSpacetimeFree spaceSunEarthPopulation I starsGalaxy formation and evolutionLightCosmic microwave background radiationAtomLifeMilky WayReionizationVacuum polarizationStelliferous Era
Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details
See also: , , ,
Solar History[edit]
Proto-EarthSunStar formationPopulation I starsGalaxy formation and evolutionLightGalactic Habitable ZoneMilky Way galaxy
See also: Sun phases

Terran Timeline[edit]

Geologic Earth history[edit]
Lunar History[edit]
Early ImbrianLate ImbrianPre-NectarianNectarianImbrianEratosthenianCopernican period
Earth History[edit]
Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details

Early Earth


Middle Earth


Late Earth

See also: Ordovician extinction, Age of Fish, Age of Reptiles
Anatomically modern humansClactonianAcheuleanOldowanLate Stone AgeMiddle Stone AgeEarly Stone AgeHoloceneLate PleistoceneMiddle PleistoceneCalabrianGelasianUpper PaleolithicMiddle PaleolithicLower PaleolithicPaleolithicPleistocenePleistocenePleistocenePleistoceneHoloceneQuaternary

Human Species[edit]

Anatomically modern humansLate Stone AgeMiddle Stone AgeEarly Stone AgeMicoquienClactonianAcheuleanOldowanUpper PaleolithicMiddle PaleolithicLower PaleolithicPaleolithicPleistocenePleistocenePleistocenePleistoceneHolocene
Time of Humanity[edit]
Quaternary extinction eventQuaternary extinction eventHolocene extinctionHolocene extinctionYellowstone CalderaYellowstone CalderaToba catastrophe theoryHomo heidelbergensisHomo neanderthalensisHomo antecessorHomo sapiensHomo habilisHomo georgicusHomo ergasterHomo erectusHomo (genus)
See also: Homo habilis (-2.33e+06 | -1.4e+06), Homo rudolfensis (-1.9e+06),
Homo gautengensis (-1.9e+06 | -0.6e+06), and Homo sapiens idaltu (-1.6e+06)
See also: Java Man (-1.75e+06), Yuanmou Man (-1.75e+06 : -0.73e+06),
Lantian Man (-1.7e+06), Nanjing Man (- 0.6e+06), Tautavel Man (- 0.5e+06),
Peking Man (- 0.4e+06), Solo Man (- 0.4e+06), and Peştera cu Oase (- 0.378e+05)
Humanity Transitions[edit]
Upper PaleolithicMiddle PaleolithicHomo neanderthalensisAncientChalcolithicSauveterrianAzilianMagdalenianSolutreanNatufian cultureGravettianChâtelperronianAurignacianMousterianMicoquienLate Stone AgeHomo sapiens
See also: Great Spirit and Theistic evolution



SubatlanticSubborealAtlantic (period)Boreal (period)PreborealChalcolithicChalcolithicMesolithicLate Stone AgeUpper PaleolithicIron AgeBronze AgeNeolithicStone Age
Modern AgePost-classical eraAncientIron AgeBronze Age
Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details
Holocene began at ~11,700 years BP (Before Present).
Stone Age ends ~3250 BC. Neolithic begins ~10,200 BC.

Written History[edit]

Ancient History[edit]
Ancient RomeAncient GreecePhoeniciaImperial ChinaAncient ChinaThree Sovereigns and Five EmperorsMiddle kingdoms of IndiaIndo-GreeksIron Age IndiaIndus Valley CivilizationAncient CarthageAksumite EmpireAncient EgyptAchaemenid EmpireMesopotamiapostclassical ageIron AgeBronze Age
Middle Ages[edit]
Mesoamerican chronologyMississippian cultureWoodland periodPrecolombianMuromachi periodKenmu restorationKamakura periodHeian periodNara periodAsuka periodKofun periodYamato periodYuan DynastySong DynastyFive Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms PeriodFive Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms PeriodTang DynastySui DynastyMing DynastyEarly Imperial ChinaSix DynastiesGolden HordeChagatai KhanateMongol EmpireKhwārazm-Shāh dynastySamanidsMuslim conquestsHephthalitesScythiansIslamic empires in IndiaMiddle kingdoms of IndiaMamluk SultanateAyyubid dynastyFatimid CaliphateAbbasid CaliphateMuslim conquestsSasanian EmpireOttoman EmpireSecond Bulgarian EmpireByzantine EmpireFirst Bulgarian EmpireByzantine EmpireRoman EmpireReconquistaCaliphate of CórdobaMuslim conquestsAl-AndalusVisigothic KingdomKingdom of EnglandHeptarchyAnglo-Saxon EnglandSub-Roman BritainHoly Roman EmpireCarolingian EmpireLombard kingdomRoman EmpireHoly Roman EmpireEast FranciaCarolingian EmpireFranciaGermanic WarsGrand Duchy of MoscowGrand Duchy of LithuaniaSarai (city)Mongol invasion of Rus'Kievan Rus'Rus' KhaganateMigration PeriodSarmatiansHunnic EmpireKalmar UnionNorthern CrusadesChristianization of ScandinaviaNorsemenViking AgeGermanic Iron AgeCrisis of the Late Middle AgesMongol invasion of EuropeCrusadesUrbanizationManorialismFeudalismMigration PeriodRenaissanceLate AntiquityEarly modernModern ageAncient historyIron AgeLate Middle AgesHigh Middle AgesEarly Middle Ages
Dates are approximate range (based upon influence), consult particular article for details
  Middle Ages Divisions,   Middle Ages Themes   Other
Modern History[edit]
Early Modern[edit]
Empire of BrazilUnited Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the AlgarvesColonial BrazilHistory of MexicoNew SpainSpanish conquest of the Aztec EmpireHistory of the United StatesBritish Canada 1764-1866British AmericaNew FranceMississippian cultureCompany rule in IndiaMaratha EmpireMughal EmpireDelhi sultanateJoseon DynastyEdo periodAzuchi–Momoyama periodSengoku periodMuromachi periodQing DynastyMing DynastyGolden HordeRussian EmpireZunghar KhanateChagatai KhanateOttoman SyriaEgypt EyaletMamluk SultanateDecline of the Ottoman EmpireStagnation of the Ottoman EmpireGrowth of the Ottoman EmpireOttoman EmpireItalian unificationHistory of Italy (1559–1814)Italian WarsItalian RenaissanceGerman Confed.Confederation of the RhineKleinstaatereiThirty Years WarReformationGerman RenaissanceHoly Roman EmpireRussian EmpireTsardom of RussiaGrand Duchy of MoscowFrance in the long nineteenth centuryFrench RevolutionFrance in the Middle AgesKingdom of FranceFrench RenaissanceAncien RégimeUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandIndustrial RevolutionKingdom of Great BritainKingdom of EnglandEarly modern BritainMid-19th-century SpainReconquistaEnlightenment in SpainSpanish RenaissanceSpanish EmpireUnion between Sweden and NorwayDenmarkHistory of SwedenDenmark–NorwayKalmar UnionModern ageLate Middle AgesEarly modern
Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details
   Early modern themes   Other
Late Modern[edit]
History of the United States (1991–present)History of the United States (1980–91)History of the United States (1964–80)History of the United States (1945–64)History of the United States (1918–45)Progressive EraGilded AgeAmerican Civil WarAntebellumHistory of Russia (1992–present)History of the Soviet Union (1982–1991)History of the Soviet Union (1964–1982)History of the Soviet Union (1953–1964)History of the Soviet Union (1927–1953)History of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union (1917–27)History of the Soviet UnionHistory of Russia (1892–1917)History of Russia (1855–1892)History of Russia (1796–1855)Russian EmpireHeiseiPostwar JapanTaishō periodShōwa periodEmpire of JapanMeiji periodEdo periodHistory of the People's Republic of ChinaChinese Civil WarNanjing decadeRepublic of China (1912–49)Qing DynastyPost-colonial AfricaDecolonization of AfricaColonisation of AfricaScramble for AfricaAtlantic slave tradeEuropean exploration of AfricaPakistanIndia and the Non-Aligned MovementDominion of PakistanDominion of IndiaPartition of IndiaBritish RajCompany rule in IndiaArab SpringMiddle EastHistory of the Arab–Israeli conflictMandatory PalestineFrench Mandate for Syria and the LebanonPartitioning of the Ottoman EmpireDissolution of the Ottoman EmpireTanzimat EraHistory of Brazil since 1985Brazilian military governmentSecond Brazilian RepublicVargas EraFirst Brazilian RepublicHistory of the Empire of BrazilFrancoist SpainSpanish EmpireFirst Spanish RepublicSpain under the RestorationSpanish Civil WarSecond Spanish RepublicMid-19th-century SpainHistory of Spain (1975–present)History of the United Kingdom (1945–present)Postwar BritainUnited KingdomMilitary history of the United Kingdom during World War IIGreat Depression in the United KingdomHistory of the United Kingdom during World War IEdwardian eraUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandVictorian eraBritish EmpireFrench Third RepublicBelle ÉpoqueFrench Third RepublicSecond French EmpireFrench Second RepublicJuly MonarchyBourbon RestorationFrench Fifth RepublicFrench Fourth RepublicVichy FranceHistory of the Italian RepublicItalian EmpireHistory of the Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)Italian unificationGerman ConfederationGerman EmpireWeimar RepublicNazi GermanyHistory of Germany (1945–90)New states of GermanyInformation AgeAtomic AgeWorld War IIInterwar periodWorld War ILong DepressionSecond Industrial RevolutionIndustrial RevolutionContemporary PeriodEarly Modern PeriodLate Modern PeriodModern Age
Dates are approximate range (based upon influence), consult particular article for details
Age of OilNeoliberalismNeoconservatismNew LeftNew RightCounterculture of the 1960sBeat GenerationNew DealFascismSocial liberalismProgressive EraSpace AgeCold WarAtomic AgePost-war eraWorld War IIInterwar periodWorld War IBig DataInformation AgeSecond Industrial RevolutionMachine AgeThe NoughtiesThe NinetiesThe EightiesThe SeventiesThe SixtiesThe FiftiesThe FortiesThe ThirtiesRoaring TwentiesPostmodernityModernity



Man's Road

The Poor Man's Road to Wealth[edit]

There are two ways to get rich — the right way and the wrong way; the easy way and the impossible way; the common way and the rare way. And of course the wrong and impossible way is the common way.

To be rich is to have all the money you want. And the common way of trying to get rich Is to try to get enough money for one's wants. The difficulty in this way is that the wants always grow faster than the money pile. You want to be rich enough to rent a vehicle; when you begin to rent, you want to own a vehicle; when you drive your own vehicle, you want to own a luxury vehicle; when you have a luxury vehicle, you want to own a vehicle for the children.

When a man buys railroads as other men buy vehicles, he may be in straitened circumstances, though he has fifty billions in U. S. bonds. The more money a man has, the poorer he is, if he has not learned to moderate his desires as well as to accumulate his supplies.

The only way to be rich is to keep one's desires within his Income. If one wants what five cents can buy, and he has ten cents, he is wealthy. A bright dime to a street Arab is greater wealth than a thousand dollars to a merchant prince.

The right way to be rich is never to want what you cannot buy, then you always have as much money as you want. This is the easy way. No man can regulate the contents of his purse; every man can regulate the quality of his desires. Capital is not within every man's attainment; contentment is. He is wealthy who has learned two arts; first, how to be contented with what he can get; second, how to use what he has.

It is always easy to have plenty of money : spend less than you earn. It is always easy to have all the money you want: want less than you have.

No easier way exists to better your circumstances, to become a rich man, than by joining a savings and loan association. It is the poor man's road to wealth.

Top Secret ...[edit]


Exceptionally grave damage to national security ...[edit]

(: ... Watch out ... ;)
The wikiwarehouse contents vary widely. The classified information is of a sensitive nature to which access is restricted by law or regulation to particular classes of persons. Classified articles (with cover story ;) include the following, categorized to origin:

United States items ...[edit]


British items ...[edit]


Vatican items ...[edit]


Soviet items ...[edit]


Japanese items ...[edit]

Beer metrics[edit]

Beer is the world's most widely consumed alcoholic beverage, and is the third-most popular drink overall, after water and tea.