From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


List of parents of Presidents of the United States[edit]

Editing List of Presidents of the United States (section) Note: This page has been semi-protected so that only autoconfirmed users can edit it. If you need any help getting started with editing, see the New contributors' help page.

22:20, 13 June 2010 SlimVirgin (talk | contribs) changed protection level for List of Presidents of the United States ‎[edit=autoconfirmed] (indefinite) [move=sysop] (indefinite) (problems continue per RfPP) (hist) View full log Content that violates any copyrights will be deleted. Encyclopedic content must be verifiable. Work submitted to Wikipedia can be edited, used, and redistributed—by anyone—subject to certain terms and conditions.

BoldItalicLinkEmbedded fileReferenceAdvancedSpecial charactersHelpCite HeadingFormatBulleted listNumbered listNo wiki formattingNew lineBigSmallSuperscriptSubscriptInsertPicture galleryRedirectTableSearch and replace

LOriginal lists[edit]

President Mother Father
No. Portrait Name Begin Term End Term Portrait Name Birth Death Portrait Name Birth Death
1 Gilbert Stuart Williamstown Portrait of George Washington.jpg George Washington 1789 1797 Mary Ball Washington(Pine).jpg Mary Ball Washington[1] 1708 1789 Augustine Washington.jpg Augustine Washington 1694 1743
2 Official Presidential portrait of John Adams (by John Trumbull, circa 1792).jpg John Adams 1797 1801 200x200px Susanna Boylston 1708 1797 200x200px John Adams Sr. 1691 1761
3 Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg Thomas Jefferson 1801 1809 200x200px Jane Randolph Jefferson 1721 1776 200x200px Peter Jefferson 1708 1757
4 James Madison.jpg James Madison 1809 1817 200x200px Nelly Conway Madison 1731 1829 James madison sr.jpg James Madison, Sr. 1723 1801
5 James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James Monroe 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
6 JQA Photo.tif John Quincy Adams 1825 1829 Abigail Adams.jpg Abigail Adams 1744 1818 Official Presidential portrait of John Adams (by John Trumbull, circa 1792).jpg John Adams 1735 1826
7 Andrew Jackson Daguerrotype-crop.jpg Andrew Jackson 1829 1837 200x200px Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson 200x200px Andrew Jackson, Sr.
8 Martin Van Buren by Mathew Brady c1855-58.jpg Martin Van Buren 1837 1841 200x200px Maria Hoes Van Alen Van Buren 1747 1818 200x200px Abraham Van Buren 1737 1817
9 William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg William Henry Harrison 1841 1841 200x200px Elizabeth Bassett Harrison Benjamin Harrison V.jpg Benjamin Harrison V 1726 1791
10 Tyler Daguerreotype (restoration).jpg John Tyler 1841 1845 200x200px Mary Marot (Armistead) Tyler 1797 John Tyler Sr.jpg John Tyler Sr. 1747 1813
11 Polkpolk.jpg James K. Polk 1845 1849 200x200px Jane Knox Polk 200x200px Samuel Polk
12 Zachary Taylor restored and cropped.png Zachary Taylor 1849 1850 200x200px Sarah Dabney (Strother) Taylor Richard Taylor Grave.JPG Richard Taylor (colonel) 1744 1829
13 Millard Fillmore-Edit1.jpg Millard Fillmore 1850 1853 200x200px Phoebe Millard Fillmore 200x200px Nathaniel Fillmore 1771 1863
14 Mathew Brady - Franklin Pierce - alternate crop.jpg Franklin Pierce 1853 1857 200x200px Anna Kendrick Pierce NHGOV Benjamin Pierce.jpg Benjamin Pierce (governor) 1757 1839
15 James Buchanan.jpg James Buchanan 1857 1861 200x200px Elizabeth Speer Buchanan 1767 1833 200x200px James Buchanan, Sr. 1761 1821
16 Abraham Lincoln November 1863.jpg Abraham Lincoln 1861 1865 200x200px Nancy Lincoln 200x200px Thomas Lincoln
17 Andrew Johnson photo portrait head and shoulders, c1870-1880-Edit1.jpg Andrew Johnson 1865 1869 200x200px Mary ("Polly") McDonough Johnson 1783 1856 200x200px Jacob Johnson 1778 1812
18 Ulysses S. Grant 1870-1880.jpg Ulysses S. Grant 1869 1877 200x200px [[]] 200x200px Jesse Root Grant
19 President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880 Restored.jpg Rutherford B. Hayes 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
20 James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated.jpg James A. Garfield 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
21 Chester Alan Arthur.jpg Chester A. Arthur 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
22 StephenGroverCleveland.png Grover Cleveland 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
23 Benjamin Harrison, head and shoulders bw photo, 1896.jpg Benjamin Harrison 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
24 Grover Cleveland - NARA - 518139.jpg Grover Cleveland 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
25 William McKinley by Courtney Art Studio, 1896.jpg William McKinley 1897 1901 200x200px William McKinley William McKinley Sr.jpg William McKinley, Sr. 1807 1892
26 T Roosevelt.jpg Theodore Roosevelt 1901 1909 200x200px Martha Bulloch Roosevelt 1835 1884 Theodore Roosevelt Sr.gif Theodore Roosevelt Sr. 1831 1878
27 William Howard Taft 1909.jpg William Howard Taft 1909 1913 200x200px Louise Taft 1827 1907 Alphonso Taft - cropped and retouched.jpg Alphonso Taft 1810 1891
28 President Wilson 1919.jpg Woodrow Wilson 1913 1921 200x200px Jessie Janet Woodrow 1826 1888 Joseph Ruggles Wilson.jpg Joseph Ruggles Wilson 1822 1903
29 Warren G Harding-Harris & Ewing.jpg Warren G. Harding 1921 1923 200x200px Phoebe Elizabeth (Dickerson) Harding 1843 1910 200x200px George Tryon Harding, Sr. 1843 1928
30 Calvin Coolidge cph.3g10777.jpg Calvin Coolidge 1923 1929 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
36 President Hoover portrait.tif Herbert Hoover 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt - NARA - 535943.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
33 Harry S. Truman - NARA - 530677.tif Harry S. Truman 200x200px [[]] 200x200px [[]]
34 President Eisenhower Portrait 1959.tif Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953 1961 200x200px Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower 1862 1946 200x200px David Jacob Eisenhower 1863 1942
35 John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg John F. Kennedy 1961 1963 Rose Kennedy 1967.JPG Rose Kennedy 1890 1995 Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. 1938.jpg Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. 1888 1969
36 Lyndon B. Johnson Oval Office Portrait.tif Lyndon B. Johnson 1963 1969 200x200px Rebekah Baines Johnson 1881 1958 Samuel Ealy Johnson Jr. 1877 1937
37 Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.tif Richard Nixon 1969 1974 200x200px Hannah Milhous Nixon 1885 1967 200x200px Francis A. Nixon 1878 1956
38 Gerald Ford - NARA - 530680.tif Gerald Ford 1974 1977 Photograph of Dorothy Ayer Gardner - NARA - 186852.tif Dorothy Ayer Gardner Ford 1892 1967 Leslie Lynch King Sr.jpg Leslie Lynch King Sr. 1884 1941
39 JimmyCarterPortrait2.jpg Jimmy Carter 1977 1981 Lillian Carter.gif Lillian Gordy Carter 1898 1983 200x200px James Earl Carter Sr. 1894 1953
40 Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan 1981 1989 Ronald Reagan with his mother Nelle 1950 cropped.jpg Nelle Wilson Reagan 1883 1962 Ronald Reagan with family 1916-17.jpg Jack Reagan 1883 1941
41 George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush 1989 1993 Prescott and Dorothy Bush 1952.jpg Dorothy Walker Bush 1901 1992 PrescottBush.jpg Prescott Bush 1895 1972
42 Bill Clinton.jpg Bill Clinton 1993 2001 200x200px Virginia Clinton Kelley 1923 1994 200x200px William Jefferson Blythe Jr. 1910 1946
43 George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush 2001 2009 Barbara Bush portrait.jpg Barbara Bush 1925 - George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush 1924 -
44 President Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama 2009 - Ann Dunham 1942 1995 Barack Obama Sr. 1936 1982

Robert Penn Warren House[edit]

Editing Ernest Hemingway House Content that violates any copyrights will be deleted. Encyclopedic content must be verifiable. Work submitted to Wikipedia can be edited, used, and redistributed—by anyone—subject to certain terms and conditions.

BoldItalicLinkEmbedded fileReferenceAdvancedSpecial charactersHelpCite HeadingFormatBulleted listNumbered listNo wiki formattingNew lineBigSmallSuperscriptSubscriptInsertPicture galleryRedirectTableSearch and replace

Ernest Hemingway House
Penn House.JPG
Hemingway House in Key West, Florida
Location 907 Whitehead Street
Key West, Florida  United States
Coordinates 24°33′4″N 81°48′3″W / 24.55111°N 81.80083°W / 24.55111; -81.80083Coordinates: 24°33′4″N 81°48′3″W / 24.55111°N 81.80083°W / 24.55111; -81.80083
Built 1851[2]
NRHP reference # 68000023
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 24, 1968[3]
Designated NHL November 24, 1968[4]

The Ernest Hemingway House, officially known as the Ernest Hemingway Home & Museum, was the residence of author Ernest Hemingway in Key West, Florida, United States. It is located at 907 Whitehead Street, across from the Key West lighthouse, close to the Southern coast of the island. On November 24, 1968, it was designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark.


Ernest Hemingway with sons and kittens at Finca Vigia, Cuba, ca. 1942 (JFK Library). The photo confirms son Patrick's memory of Hemingway's cats in Cuba.

This was Hemingway's home from 1931 to 1939, although he retained title to the home until he died.[2] It is a private, for-profit landmark and tourist attraction now populated by six- and seven-toed cats that are descendants of Hemingway's cats. The author's second son, Patrick, who lived in the house, stated in a 1994 interview in the Miami Herald's "Tropic" that his father had peacocks in Key West and that he owned cats in Cuba. However, a photo on display at the Hemingway Home in Key West shows Patrick and his younger brother, Gregory, in front of the Cuban water jar near the swimming pool, and Gregory is holding a white cat named Snow White. In addition to the photo showing Patrick and Gregory with Snow White, Hemingway's wife, Pauline, wrote the following in a January 22, 1937, letter to Hemingway (who was staying at the Barclay's Hotel in New York City): "Snow White has become his (G's) fox fur that walks. Esther is having the same old cat looing troubles, with discussed alternatives of 1) getting little female, 2) letting him out and NOT worrying, which turns into letting him out and worrying, 3) castrating, 4) putting ad in paper asking for return of brown, blue-eyed cat with reward."

Descendants of Hemingway's original cats continue to live on the premises. In 2009, the cats became the subject of federal litigation after a museum visitor expressed concern about the cats' welfare. United States Department of Agriculture investigators visited the museum and subsequently ordered the museum to take measures to tag the cats for identification and to shelter them. The museum fought the regulations in court but lost their case in the court of appeals, which ruled that the cats "substantially affect" interstate commerce and thus are protected by the Animal Welfare Act of 1966.[5] The house does not sell cats but does continue a selective breeding program for them.

It was in this house that Hemingway did some of his best work, including the short story classics "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" and "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber," his novel To Have And Have Not, and the non-fiction work Green Hills of Africa.

The house stands at an elevation of 16 feet (4.9 m) above sea level but is still the second-highest site on the island. It was originally built in 1851 by Asa Tift, a marine architect and salvage wrecker, in a French Colonial estate style,[6] out of limestone quarried from the site. As testament to its construction and location, it survived many hurricanes, and the deep basement remained, and still remains, dry.[7]

The Hemingways had spent the previous three years living in Key West but had rented housing, the last being a two-story home at 1301 Whitehead Street.[8][9] Pauline (the writer's second wife) found the Tift house for sale at a tax auction in 1931. Pauline's Uncle Gus bought it for her and Ernest, for $8,000 cash, and presented it to them as a wedding gift.[10]


The house was one of the first on the island to be fitted with indoor plumbing and the first on the island to have an upstairs bathroom with running water, fed from a rain cistern on the roof. Also notable are a built-in fireplace and the first swimming pool in Key West, which was the only pool within 100 miles (160 km) in the late 30s. In November 1936, in an interview with the Key West Citizen, Hemingway showed the reporter the location he had planned for a pool. It was Pauline Hemingway, though, who spent $20,000 (equivalent in 2013 to $330,000) to have the deep well-fed pool built for her husband while he was away as a Spanish Civil War correspondent in 1938. When Hemingway returned, he was unpleasantly surprised by the cost and exclaimed, "Well, you might as well have my last cent." This penny is embedded in concrete today near the pool.[8]

In 1937, when Ernest was in Spain, Pauline hired Ernest's friend, driver, and handyman, Toby Bruce, to build the high brick wall that surrounds the house today.[11]

Another of Hemingway's loves was boxing. He set up a ring in his yard and paid local fighters to box with him. He also refereed matches at Blue Heaven, then a saloon but now a restaurant, at 769 Thomas Street.

Hemingway converted a urinal obtained after a renovation at Sloppy Joe's bar into a water fountain in the yard, where it remains a prominent feature at the home, filled with water from the large Cuban jar and serving as one of many water sources for the grounds' cats.[2]

The grounds of the house are maintained as a garden, with many tropical plants installed after Hemingway moved to Cuba. In Hemingway's time, the grounds, like the island, were sparse and dry due to lack of water that only came later, with the Navy's installation of a water line from mainland.

The house was originally purchased for $8,000. After Hemingway's death in 1961, the house was sold by his widow, Mary, to Mrs. Bernice Dickson, the founder of the museum. A prominent feature of the dining room is a Murano glass chandelier. Upstairs, a book display shows books owned by Hemingway while he lived in Key West—including Red Pete the Ruthless by C.M. Bennett. Clearly visible is the inscription, "Given to Hemingway—1936," from Sister Ida, a nun at the local St. Joseph's convent. His writer's studio in the second floor of a free-standing carriage house, and where he stayed briefly (in the 1950s) when visiting from his home in Cuba, was once connected by a second story walkway to the master bedroom. The walkway, shown in pictures from archives, has not been reconstructed.

A garage on the property, with a caretaker's apartment on the second floor, was built to house Ernest's Buick automobile.

In 1988, the house was a filming location of the 16th James Bond movie Licence to Kill. In the scene, Bond resigns from the secret service and then flees through the garden. In protection of M, the fictional guards watch from the Key West Light across the street.


  1. ^ "George Washington Genealogy". Archives. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "The House". The Ernest Hemingway Home and Museum. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  3. ^ "National Register of Historical Places – Florida (FL), Monroe County". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-02-12. 
  4. ^ "Hemingway, Ernest, House". National Historic Landmarks Program. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  5. ^ Richey, Warren (December 9, 2012). "How Ernest Hemingway's cats became a federal case". The Christian Science Monitor. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Ernest Hemingway Home and Museum". Archived from the original on February 25, 2009. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  8. ^ a b McLendon, James (1990). Papa: Hemingway in Key West. Key West, Fla.: Langley Press. pp. 57, 130. ISBN 0911607072. LCCN 88081528. 
  9. ^ Thomas, Gary (July 25, 2011). "1301 Whitehead Street - Key West – Papa's 'Other' House". Key West Properties. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  10. ^ House as a wedding gift Archived February 2, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Reynolds, Michael (1997). Hemingway: The 1930s. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. p. 268. ISBN 0393343200. OCLC 35397885. 

External links[edit]

Category:Houses completed in 1851 Category:Biographical museums in Florida Category:Houses in Key West, Florida Category:Literary museums in the United States Category:Museums in Key West, Florida Category:National Historic Landmarks in Florida Category:National Register of Historic Places in Key West, Florida Category:Historic house museums in Florida Category:Tourist attractions in Key West, Florida Category:1851 establishments in Florida


Motto Convener. Thought Leader. United Voice.
Formation 1984
Headquarters Washington, D.C.
Region served
United States
180+ organizations
President & CEO
Sam Worthington
Chairman of the Board
Neal Keny-Guyer
Formerly called
American Council for Voluntary International Action

InterAction is an umbrella organization representing Non-Govermental Agencies based in the United States.


As part of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, US government support for AIDS prevention was contingent on opposing prostitution starting in 2003.[1] Pathfinder preferred to remain neutral so as not to alienate sex workers from their anti-HIV efforts so they sued in federal court with other non-profits.[2] In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the requirment violated the First Amendment's prohibition against compelled speech in Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.[3]


Sphere Project [4]

Business Council


Julia V. Taft


External links[edit]

Category:Non-profit organizations based in Washington, D.C. Category:International non-profit organizations Category:Organization established in 1984

Woolworth v. New Mexico[edit]

F. W. Woolworth Co. v. Taxation and Revenue Dept.
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued April 19, 1982
Decided June 29, 1982
Citations 458 U.S. 354 (more)
102 S.Ct. 3128; 73 L. Ed. 2d 819
Prior history Arizona Supreme Court
Subsequent history None
New Mexico's tax on a portion of the dividends received by appellant from its foreign subsidiaries fails to meet established due process standards.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Warren E. Burger
Associate Justices
William J. Brennan Jr. · Byron White
Thurgood Marshall · Harry Blackmun
Lewis F. Powell Jr. · William Rehnquist
John P. Stevens · Sandra Day O'Connor
Case opinions
Majority Powell
Dissent O'Connor, joined by Blackmun, Rehnquist
Laws applied
Uniform Division of Income for Tax Purposes Act (1957), Due Process Clause

F. W. Woolworth Co. v. Taxation and Revenue Dept., 458 U.S. 354 (1982), is a United States Supreme Court regarding state taxes on overseas investments. The Uniform Division of Income for Tax Purposes Act of 1957 allows states to tax companies based on the percentage of business done in each state to simplify tax preparation. The F. W. Woolworth Company maintained that overseas investments were separate business enterprises not subject to this apportionment.

At issue, is whether the New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department could collect tax revenue from overseas divisions doing no business in New Mexico.


The F. W. Woolworth Company maintained a headquarters and commercial domicile in New York state and operated stores nationwide with total sales of $2.5 billion in fiscal year 1976. This included several retail stores in Arizona with total sales of $17 million, or 0.5% of the national total. It also held four overseas divisions which provided $39.9 million in dividends:

Additionally, when any company with overseas divisions claims a foreign tax credit, they must include the original pre-tax income even though they never received that full amount. In other words, rather than just report net overseas profits, IRS rules require that the gross profit be listed as income with the overseas taxes as an expense. This difference between the lower amount that is actually received and the higher amount for IRS purposes is called the gross up. Woolworth reported $25.5 million in gross ups.

In 1965, New Mexico adopted a version of the Uniform Division of Income for Tax Purposes Act. The purpose of this form of state tax is that it allowed corporations to file a federal income tax form, and then easily calculate their liability to each state based on the percentage of sales, payroll and assets in that state. "Business" income is distributed amongst the states the company does business in while "nonbusiness" income is taxed by the state in which the company is based.

The state of New Mexico audited Woolworth's return for fiscal 1976 and determined that $401,518 was owed rather than $84,622 that had been paid. They concluded that the overseas dividends as well as the gross up were actually business income that New Mexico was owed. No consideration was given for the overseas taxes that offset the gross ups. The practical effect of this change, if adopted nationally, would be that more taxes would be paid to various states Woolworth's did business in but less to New York and that companies would be taxed for their overseas tax payments.


Woolworth's challenged the ruling within the state agency in New Mexico but was denied. Woolworth won their appeal before the New Mexico Court of Appeals which excluded both the overseas dividends and the gross ups but the state appealed and the ruling was reversed by the Arizona Supreme Court who said both were subject to state tax. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to Woolworth's appeal.

Opinion of the court[edit]

Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr. delivered the opinion of the court.

"discrete business enterprise" (a) The linchpin of apportionability for state income taxation of an interstate enterprise is the "unitary-business principle." Appellant—as owner of all of the stock of three of its subsidiaries and a majority interest in the fourth—potentially has the authority to operate these companies as integrated divisions of a single unitary business. But the potential to operate a company as part of a unitary business is not dispositive when, as here, the dividend income from the subsidiaries in fact is derived from unrelated business activity of the subsidiaries, each of which operates a discrete business enterprise. ASARCO Inc. v. Idaho State Tax Comm'n, 307 U.S. 458, 102 S.Ct. 3103, 73 L.Ed.2d 787; Mobil Oil Corp. v. Commissioner of Taxes of Vermont, 445 U.S. 425, 100 S.Ct. 1223, 63 L.Ed.2d 510. P. 362.

Due Process Clause

The question is whether the Due Process Clause permits New Mexico to tax a portion of dividends that appellant F. W. Woolworth Co. received from foreign subsidiaries that do no business in New Mexico. We also must decide whether New Mexico may include within Woolworth's apportionable New Mexico income a sum, commonly known as "gross-up," that Woolworth calculated in order to claim a foreign tax credit on its federal income tax.

"For due process purposes, the income attributed to a State must be rationally related to values connected with the taxing State. This limitation is not satisfied merely because the nondomiciliary parent corporation derives some economic benefit from its ownership of stock in another corporation."

2. New Mexico's efforts to tax the "gross-up" income also contravenes the Due Process Clause. The "fictitious" gross-up figure is treated for federal foreign tax credit purposes as a dividend in the same manner as a dividend actually received by the domestic corporation from a foreign corporation. In this case the foreign tax credit arose from the taxation by foreign nations of appellant's foreign subsidiaries that had no unitary business relationship with New Mexico. Pp.372-373

As a matter of state law, the Court of Appeals excluded from apportionable New Mexico income Woolworth's receipt of the dividends at issue. The court stated that "there is no indication that the income from Woolworth's long-standing investments in its subsidiaries was used either in taxpayer's unitary domestic business or in its business conducted in New Mexico. . . ." Id., at 545, 624 P.2d, at 54. With respect to the gross-up issue, the Court of Appeals said that the State's "rigid insistence" on inclusion of this amount "is a refusal to recognize an obviously fictitious income figure, made artificial by the federal reporting requirements for a specific purpose. . . ." Id., at 543-544, 624 P.2d, at 52-53. The court said that " 'gross-up' in fact represents income to taxpayer's foreign subsidiaries that is paid out in taxes to foreign governments," id., at 544, 624 P.2d, at 53, and not income in fact to the parent. The court thus likewise excluded this sum from Woolworth's apportionable New Mexico income. 8

The New Mexico Supreme Court reversed over one dissent. 95 N.M. 519, 624 P.2d 28 (1981). On the question whether Woolworth's receipt of dividends from its subsidiaries constituted apportionable New Mexico income, the court observed that, "regrettably, it needs to be said that the State did a very poor job of inquiring into and developing the facts in this case." Id., at 524, 624 P.2d, at 33. The court nonetheless found substantial evidence to support the findings that the subsidiaries' dividend payments met the State's statutory test for inclusion in Woolworth's apportionable New Mexico income. On the constitutional issue, the court identified the "key question" after our decision in Mobil Oil Corp. v. Commissioner of Taxes of Vermont, 445 U.S. 425, 100 S.Ct. 1223, 63 L.Ed.2d 510 (1980), as "whether those dividends were income earned in a unitary business." 95 N.M., at 528, 624 P.2d, at 37. The court stated:

Respecting the State's inclusion of Woolworth's federal gross-up figure as apportionable state income, the court "deemed it unnecessary to delve into all the intricacies of the federal laws and regulations," but found it sufficient "to say that, since Woolworth decided to use the gross-up option, the income taxes paid by Woolworth's foreign subsidiaries to foreign governments must be deemed to be received as dividends . . . ." Id., at 521-522, 624 P.2d, at 30-31. "Admittedly, the fictitious gross-up, which the state claims is 'business income' and which Woolworth deliberately acceded to, does not fit the ordinary definition of 'income' . . . ."

This case was argued in tandem with ASARCO Inc. v. Idaho State Tax Comm'n, 458 U.S. 307, 102 S.Ct. 3103, 73 L.Ed.2d 787 which also involved dividends and gains from foreign subsidiaries. We have reiterated today in ASARCO that " 'the "linchpin of apportionability" for state income taxation of an interstate enterprise is the "unitary-business principle." ' " 458 U.S., at 319, 102 S.Ct., at 3110, quoting Exxon Corp. v. Wisconsin Dept. of Revenue, 447 U.S. 207, 223, 100 S.Ct. 2109, 2120, 65 L.Ed.2d 66 (1980), in turn quoting Mobil Oil Corp. v. Commissioner of Taxes of Vermont, supra, at 439, 100 S.Ct., at 1232.

  • The State Supreme Court in important part analyzed this case under a different legal standard. After stating that the existence of a unitary business relationship was the "key question," the court proceeded to resolve this question largely by emphasizing the potentials of the relationship between Woolworth and its subsidiaries:

"The possession of large assets by subsidiaries is a business advantage of great value to the parent; 'it may give credit which will result in more economical business methods; it may give a standing which shall facilitate purchases; it may enable the corporation to enlarge the field of its activities and in many ways give it business standing and prestige.' Flint v. Stone Tracy Co., 220 U.S. 107, 166 31 S.Ct. 342, 355, 55 L.Ed. 389 (1911)." 95 N.M., at 529, 624 P.2d, at 38.

This reliance on the Flint case was error. Flint upheld a federal excise tax levied on corporate income. 10 The States, of course, are subject to limitations on their taxation powers that do not apply to the Federal Government. As relevant here, "the income attributed to a State for tax purposes must be rationally related to 'values connected with the taxing State.' Norfolk & Western R. Co. v. State Tax Comm'n, 390 U.S. 317, 325 88 S.Ct. 995, 1000, 19 L.Ed.2d 1201." Moorman Mfg. Co. v. Bair, 437 U.S. 267, 273, 98 S.Ct. 2340, 2344, 57 L.Ed.2d 197 (1978). The state court's reasoning would trivialize this due process limitation by holding it satisfied if the income in question "adds to the riches of the corporation . . . ." Wallace v. Hines, 253 U.S. 66, 70, 40 S.Ct. 435, 437, 64 L.Ed. 782 (1920). Income, from whatever source, always is a "business advantage" to a corporation. Our cases demand more. In particular, they specify that the proper inquiry looks to "the underlying unity or diversity of business enterprise," Mobil, supra, at 440, 100 S.Ct., at 1233, not to whether the nondomiciliary parent derives some economic benefit—as it virtually always will—from its ownership of stock in another corporation. See ASARCO, 458 U.S., at 325-329, 102 S.Ct., at 3114-3115. 11


In Mobil we emphasized, as relevant to the right of a State to tax dividends from foreign subsidiaries, the question whether "contributions to income of the subsidiaries resulted from functional integration, centralization of management, and economies of scale." 445 U.S., at 438, 100 S.Ct., at 1232. If such "factors of profitability" arising "from the operation of the business as a whole" exist and evidence the operation of a unitary business, a State can gain a justification for its tax consideration of value that has no other connection with that State. Ibid. We turn now to consider the extent, if any, to which these factors exist in this case.

There was little functional integration. Woolworth's subsidiaries engaged exclusively in the business of retailing—the purchase of wholesale goods for resale to final consumers. This type of business differs significantly from the "highly integrated business" of locating, processing, and marketing a resource (such as petroleum) that we previously have found to constitute a unitary business. Exxon, 447 U.S., at 224, 100 S.Ct., at 2120. See also id., at 226, 100 S.Ct., at 2121 (describing "a unitary stream of income, of which the income derived from internal transfers of raw materials from exploration and production to refining is a part"); Mobil, 445 U.S., at 428, 100 S.Ct., at 1227. Consistent with this distinction, the evidence in this case is that no phase of any subsidiary's business was integrated with the parent's. With respect to "who makes the decision for seeing to the merchandise, store site selection, advertising and accounting control," the undisputed testimony stated that "each subsidiary performs these functions autonomously and independently of the parent company." App. 12a. 12 "Each subsidiary has a complete accounting department and a financial staff." Id., at 14a. Each had its own outside counsel. App. to Juris. Statement 34a. It further appears that Woolworth engaged in no centralized purchasing, manufacturing, or warehousing of merchandise. 13 The parent had no central personnel training school for its foreign subsidiaries. Ibid. And each subsidiary was responsible for obtaining its own financing from sources other than the parent. 14 In sum, the record is persuasive that Woolworth's operations were not functionally integrated with its subsidiaries.

We now consider the extent to which there was centralization of management or achievement of other economies of scale. It appears that each subsidiary operated as a distinct business enterprise at the level of fulltime management. With one possible exception, 15 none of the subsidiaries' officers during the year in question was a current or former employee of the parent. Ibid. The testimony was that the subsidiaries "figure that their operations are independent, autonomous." App. 13a. Woolworth did not "rotate personnel or train personnel to operate stores in those countries. There is no exchange of personnel." Ibid. There was no "training program that is central to transmit the Woolworth idea of merchandising, such as it may be, to the foreign subsidiaries." Id., at 15a. The subsidiaries "proceed . . . with their own programs, either formal or informal. They develop their own managers and instruct them in their methods of operation." Ibid.

This management decentralization was reflected in the fact that each subsidiary possessed autonomy to determine its own policies respecting its primary activity—retailing. According to the hearing examiner:

"Each of the four subsidiaries are responsible for determining the size and location of retail stores, the market conditions in their own territory and the mix of items to be sold. The German subsidiary emphasizes soft goods such as dresses and coats. It sells no food. The English subsidiary operates restaurants in its stores and also operates supermarkets. Each subsidiary attempts to cater to local tastes and needs. The inventory of each subsidiary consists, in large part, of home country produced items. This purchase-at-home practice is consistent with the policy of the taxpayer. A number of inventory items are purchased from the Orient or other places but there is no evidence that the subsidiaries purchase, or are required to purchase, inventory items from any particular source." App. to Juris. Statement 33a-34a.

Importantly, the Department's hearing examiner found that Woolworth had "no department or section, as such, devoted to overseeing the foreign subsidiary operations." Id., at 34a. 16 Neither the parent corporation nor any of the subsidiaries consolidates its tax return with any of the other companies. App. 37a-38a. The tax manager for Woolworth stated that he did not review the subsidiaries' tax returns or consult with them on decisions affecting taxes. Id., at 14a. There was no "policy of the parent that all of the managers of all the operations get together periodically to discuss the overall Woolworth operations." Id., at 35a. 17

There were some managerial links. Woolworth maintained one or several common directors with some of the subsidiaries. 18 There also was irregular in-person 19 and "frequent" mail, telephone, and teletype communication between the upper echelons of management of the parent and the subsidiaries. 20 App. to Juris. Statement 34a. Decisions about major financial decisions, such as the amount of dividends to be paid by the subsidiaries and the creation of substantial debt, had to be approved by the parent. 21 Id., at 35a. Woolworth's published financial statements, such as its annual reports, were prepared on a consolidated basis. 22 Ibid.

We conclude, on the basis of undisputed facts, that the four subsidiaries in question are not a part of a unitary business under the principles articulated in Mobil and Exxon, and today reiterated in ASARCO. Except for the type of occasional oversight with respect to capital structure, major debt, and dividends—that any parent gives to an investment in a subsidiary, there is little or no integration of the business activities or centralization of the management of these five corporations. Woolworth has proved that its situation differs from that in Exxon, where the corporation's Coordination and Services Management office was found to provide for the asserted unitary business

"long-range planning for the company, maximization of overall company operations, development of financial policy and procedures, financing of corporate activities, maintenance of the accounting system, legal advice, public relations, labor relations, purchase and sale of raw crude oil and raw materials, and coordination between the refining and other operating functions 'so as to obtain an optimum short range operating program.' " 447 U.S., at 211, 100 S.Ct., at 2114.

In this case the parent company's operations are not interrelated with those of its subsidiaries so that one's "stable" operation is important to the other's "full utilization" of capacity. Id., at 218, 100 S.Ct., at 2117. See also id., at 225, 100 S.Ct., at 2121. The Woolworth parent did not provide "many essential corporate services" for the subsidiaries, and there was no "centralized purchasing office . . . whose obvious purpose was to increase overall corporate profits through bulk purchases and efficient allocation of supplies among retailers." Id., at 224, 100 S.Ct., at 2120. 23 And it was not the case that "sales were facilitated through the use of a uniform credit card system, uniform packaging, brand names, and promotional displays, all run from the national headquarters." Ibid. See also Mobil, 445 U.S., at 428, 435, 100 S.Ct., at 1227, 1230. 24

There is a critical distinction between a retail merchandising business as conducted by Woolworth and the type of multinational business—now so familiar—in which refined, processed, or manufactured products (or parts thereof) may be produced in one or more countries and marketed in various countries, often worldwide. 25 In operations of this character there is a flow of international trade, often an interchange of personnel, and substantial mutual interdependence. The uncontradicted evidence demonstrates that Woolworth's international retail business is not comparable. There is no flow of international business. Nor is there any integration or unitary operation in the sense in which our cases consistently have used these terms.

In Mobil, we recognized:

"All dividend income received by corporations operating in interstate commerce is not necessarily taxable in each State where that corporation does business. Where the business activities of the dividend payor have nothing to do with the activities of the recipient in the taxing State, due process considerations might well preclude apportionability, because there would be no underlying unitary business." Id., at 441-442, 100 S.Ct., at 1233-1234.

This is such a case. Each of the foreign subsidiaries at issue operates a "discrete business enterprise," Mobil, supra, at 439, 100 S.Ct., at 1232, with a notable absence of any "umbrella of centralized management and controlled interaction." Exxon, 447 U.S., at 224, 100 S.Ct., at 2120. New Mexico, in taxing a portion of dividends received from such enterprises, is attempting to reach "extraterritorial values," Mobil, supra, at 442, 100 S.Ct., at 1234, wholly unrelated to the business of the Woolworth stores in New Mexico. As a result, a "showing has been made that income unconnected with the unitary business has been used in the" levy of the New Mexico tax. Butler Bros. v. McColgan, 315 U.S. 501, 509, 62 S.Ct. 701, 705, 86 L.Ed. 991 (1942). We conclude that this tax does not bear the necessary relationship " 'to opportunities, benefits, or protection conferred or afforded by the taxing State. See Wisconsin v. J. C. Penney Co., 311 U.S. 435, 444 61 S.Ct. 246, 249, 85 L.Ed. 267.' " Norfolk & Western R. Co. v. Missouri State Tax Comm'n, 390 U.S. 317, 325, n. 5, 88 S.Ct. 995, 1000, n. 5, 19 L.Ed.2d 1201 (1968), quoting Ott v. Mississippi Valley Barge Line Co., 336 U.S. 169, 174, 69 S.Ct. 432, 434, 93 L.Ed. 585 (1949). New Mexico's tax thus fails to meet established due process standards.


We need not be detained by New Mexico's reaching out to tax "gross-up" amounts that even the Supreme Court of New Mexico recognized as "fictitious." 95 N.M., at 522, 624 P.2d, at 31. The gross-up computation is a figure that the Federal Government "deems" Woolworth to have received for purposes of part of Woolworth's federal foreign tax credit calculation. It "is treated for this purpose as a dividend in the same manner as a dividend actually received by the domestic corporation from a foreign corporation." H.R.Rep.No. 1447, 87th Cong., 2d Sess., A83 (1962). See also S.Rep.No. 1881, 87th Cong., 2d Sess., 227 (1962). In this case the foreign tax credit arose from the taxation by foreign nations of Woolworth foreign subsidiaries that had no unitary business relationship with New Mexico. New Mexico's effort to tax this income "deemed received"—with respect to which New Mexico contributed nothing—also must be held to contravene the Due Process Clause. 26


Justice Sandra Day O'Connor wrote the dissent because the Woolworth divisions were in the same line of business as the domestic division and were therefore not "unrelated". Also, communication with headquarters was frequent and, although given some level of autonomy, major decisions were cleared through headquarters.

Related case[edit]

This case was argued before the Supreme Court in tandem with Asarco v. Idaho State Tax Comm'n. In that case, Idaho was trying to tax Asarco for overseas dividends with no clear associaton to the state. The court blocked that effort using the same logic as in this case. Although both cases were argued together, ruled on by the same justice using similar language, and voted on by the justices in the same alignment, the cases were never officially combined.

See also[edit]



Suny Book Citation SUNY page view byu large Berkely

Warning: Default sort key "Woolworth v. Contemporary Arts" overrides earlier default sort key "Hemingway, Ernest, House". Category:United States Supreme Court cases Category:F. W. Woolworth Company Category:1982 in United States case law Category:Legal history of New Mexico Category:United States taxation and revenue case law Category:United States civil due process case law

Template:Protected Areas of the United States Minor Outlying Islands[edit]

Recovery funds Friends National Memorial, Battle of Midway National Memorial lead albert kahn general site memorial group[ telegraph buildings first lady laysan ducks

Armed Forces Network[edit]


Add to Article

Future Articles


City Seattle, Washington
Broadcast area Midway Atoll, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands
Branding Midway 900
Slogan "the Voice of the Mid-Pacific," "180 miles from tomorrow; with the sounds of tomorrow today"
Frequency 900 kHz
First air date 1946-08-13
Transmitter coordinates 47°23′55″N 122°26′0″W / 47.39861°N 122.43333°W / 47.39861; -122.43333 (KIRO-AM tower)
Callsign meaning K-M(idway) T(erritory) H(awaii)
Former callsigns 650 KPCB (1927-1937)
Affiliations Armed Forced Network
Owner United States Navy

KIRO (710 AM) is a radio station based in Seattle, Washington on the shores of Lake Union with 2 towers on Maury Island, broadcasting on 710 kHz in the AM radio spectrum. The station's format is sports radio and it is affiliated with the ESPN Radio Network.


[4] [5]

Category:United States Minor Outlying Islands[edit]

Battle of Wake Island[edit]

Cox Template[edit]

τ RevelationDirect/Sandbox RevelationDirect/Sandbox

Potential Cox Cats[edit]


The Mayor of Wilmington is the chief executive of the government of Wilmington, Delaware, as stipulated by the Charter. The current Mayor of Wilmington is James M. Baker.

City of Wilmington, Delaware, USA[edit]

Mayors of Wilmington, Delaware
Rank Mayor Start End Party Note
1 Bayard, Richard H 1832 1834 Whig Wilmington incorporated in 1832; later U.S.Senator.
2 Williamson, Nicholas G. 1834 1843 Whig Attorney, postmaster
3 Wilson, David C. 1843 1845 Whig
4 Porter, Alexander 1845 1848 Whig
5 Huffington, William 1848 1850 Democrat
6 Driver, Joshua E. 1850 1851
7 Evans, Columbus P., Capt. 1851 1852 Whig Editor of the Delaware Republican.
8 Jones, William Hemphill 1852 1853 First mayor elected by popular vote.[2]
9 Alderdice, John A. 1853 1854 Publisher of The Journal.
10 Heyward, James F. 1854 1855 Democrat Abolitionist publisher of the 'Statesman'.
11 Wiggins, William B. 1855 1856
12? Huffington, William 1856 1857 Democratic Non-continuous terms.
13 Sparks, George W. 1857 1858
14 Young, Thomas 1858 1860 Thomas Young & Co (shipbuilders)
15 Gilpin, Vincent C. 1860 1863
16 Turner, John M 1863 1865
17 Maris, Joshua 1865 1867
18 Valentine, Joshua S. 1867 1872
19 Simms, Joshua L. 1872 1875 Democrat
20 Whitely, William G. 1875 1878 Democrat
21 Allmond, John P. 1878 1882 Grocer
22 Wales, John Patton 1882 1885 Son of Senator John Wales.
23 Rhoads, Calvin B. 1885 1887 Democrat Choir director
24 1887 18??
Willey, Stansbury 1891 1893 Term changed to two years, Saturday election in June.
Shortridge, E. G. 1893 1894 Republican
Jefferies, Charles R. 1895 1896? Democrat
Fahey, John C. 1899 1900? Democrat Physician
Fisher, George M. 1903 1903 Republican
Bird, Charles D.[3] 1903 1905 Democrat
Wilson, Horace, Capt. 1905 1907/8? Republican Founder of Wilson Lines
Howell, Harrison W. 1911 1915 Republican Physician
Harvey, LeRoy 1921 1923? Founded Wilmington Music School.
Taylor, William G. ? 1925 Republican Lost at Sea
Forrest, Dr. George 192? 1931 First intern at Delaware Hospital.
Sparks, Frank C. 1931 1933 Republican
Speer, William 1933 1935 Democrat
Bacon, Walter W. 1935 1940 Republican Resigned when elected Governor.
James, Albert W. 1941 1944 Republican Filled term of Gov. Bacon, later state Attorney General.
Herlihy, Thomas, Jr. 1945 1946 Republican Resigned when appointed Chief Judge of Municipal Court.
Wilson, Joseph S. 1947 1949 Republican Son of Mayor Horace C. Wilson.
Hearn, James F. 1949 1953 Republican
Walz, August F. 1954 1955 Republican Postmaster
Abrams, Alex 1956? 1957?
47 Lammot, Eugene 1957 1960 Democratic Resigned when elected Lt. Gov. Election Tues. in Nov.
48 Babiarz, John Edward 1961 1969 Democrat 1968 Occupation
49 Haskell, Harry G., Jr. 1969 1973 Republican
50 Maloney, Thomas C. 1973 1977 Democratic 1976 Candidate for U.S. Senate
51 McLaughlin, William T. 1977 1984 Democratic
52 Frawley, Daniel S. 1985 1993 Democratic Stadium named after.
53 Sills, James 1993 2001 Democratic First African American Mayor
54 Baker, James M. 2001 Present Democratic First 3-Term Mayor with 4-year terms.

Burough of Wilmington, Delaware Colony, UK [4][edit]

Chief Burgesses of Wilmington, Delaware
Rank Chief Burgess Term Note
1 Shipley, William 1739 William Penn granted charter on November 16, 1739.
2 Way, Joseph 1742
3 Shipley, William 1743 2nd non-consecutive term.
4 Hannum, Robert 1744
5 Peters, Joseph 1745
6 Stapler, John 1748 Stapler Park named after
7 Few, James 1750
8 Littler, Joshua 1751
9 Stapler, John 1752 2nd non-consecutive term.
10 Littler, Joshua 1753 2nd non-consecutive term.
11 Littler, Joshua 1754 3rd term.
12 Dawes, Edward 1755
13 Stapler, John 1756 3rd non-consecutive term.
14 Gilpin, Thomas 1757
15 Stapler, John 1758 4th non-consecutive term.
16 McKinley, John 1759
17 Dawes, Edward 1762
18 Lea, John 1764 Lea Blvd. named after.
19 Way, Joseph 1765
20 McKinley, John 1767
21 Bennet, Joseph 1770 Bennet Street named after.
22 McKinley, John 1771
23 Robinson, Nicholas 1774
24 McKinley, John 1775

Burough of Wilmington, Delaware, USA[edit]

Chief Burgesses of Wilmington, Delaware
Rank Chief Burgess Note
25 Bennett, Joseph 1777
26 Stidham, Joseph 1778
27 Broom, Jacob 1783 Broom Street named after.
28 Kean, Thomas 1784
29 Broom, Jacob 1785
30 Gibbson, James 1786
31 Way, Thomas 1788
32 Shallcross, Joseph 1790 Shallcross Avenue named after.
33 Bush, David 1792
34 Broom, Jacob 1794
35 Brynberg, Peter 1796
36 Warner, Joseph 1798
37 Tilton, Hehemiah 1799
38 Brobson, James 1801
39 Hendrickson, Isaac 1802
40 Brobson, James 1803
41 Lea, James 1806
42 Dixon, Isaac 1807
43 Brobson, James 1808

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Wilmington Riverfront[edit]

The Wilmington Riverfront encompases the areas around the Christina River in Wilmington, Delaware. the area served as a focus of the New Sweden colony and later become a shipbuilding center. Today



Pusey and Jones Fogel Grip Fort Christina * Kalmar Nyckel

Harlan and Hollingsworth


Iron Hill Brewery

Not all of the An outlet mall named the Shipyard Shops failed and was eventually converted into offices. ING Direct Barclays Bank EDis law firms





  • Riverfront Market




External links[edit]


Helena Civic Center[edit]

[7] [8]

Algeria Shrine Temple
RevelationDirect/Sandbox is located in Montana
Location Neill and Park Aves., Helena, Montana
Coordinates 46°35′43″N 112°2′21″W / 46.59528°N 112.03917°W / 46.59528; -112.03917
Area 0.9 acres (0.36 ha)
Built 1919
Architect Carsley,G.S.; Haire,C.S.
Architectural style Exotic Revival, Moorish Revival
NRHP reference # 88000434[5]
Added to NRHP April 14, 1988

The Algeria Shrine Temple is an Moorish Revival building in Helena, Montana that was built in 1919. The building served as a meeting hall for the Algeria Shriners and had civic functions. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.[5]

The National Register's database records "Historic subfunctions" that include "meeting hall" for the place.[5]


  1. ^ Jackson, Robert (1952-12-22). "F. W. Woolworth Co. v. Contemporary Arts, Inc. (Full Text)". Justia US Supreme Court Center. Retrieved 2009-06-23.  justia
  2. ^ Obituary Records of Graduates of Yale College: Deceased from June, 1870, to June, 1880. Presented at the annual meetings of the alumni, 1870-1880.Sep 1880, New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor. Yale Universityp390 [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 

External links[edit]

Category:National Register of Historic Places in Montana Category:Buildings and structures completed in 1919 Category:Helena, Montana Category:Exotic Revival architecture Category:Moorish Revival architecture in the United States Category:Masonic buildings in Montana Category:Shriners

U.S. Steel[edit]

List of Knights of Columbus buildings[edit]

Also known as Knights of Columbus Hall McQuillan and Booker Sts., Tonopah St. Vincent Orphanage and School Building (added 1982 - Building - #82002270) Also known as Knights of Columbus Building 925 De La Vina St., Santa Barbara

Knights of Columbus Museum This is a list of notable buildings of the Knights of Columbus, a Roman Catholic fraternal service organization. The "K of C" was founded in 1881 in New Haven, Connecticut.[1]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

(by country, state (if applicable) then municipality)

Building Image Built Address Location Description
1 James Cooper House James Cooper House.JPG 1881 built Address
41°18′09″N 72°55′39″W / 41.30250°N 72.92750°W / 41.30250; -72.92750
Toronto, Canada Served as a Knights of Columbus meetinghall from 1910 to 2005.
1 Knights of Columbus Building (Cagayan de Oro City)[2] Address
41°18′09″N 72°55′39″W / 41.30250°N 72.92750°W / 41.30250; -72.92750
Cagayan de Oro City, Phillipines
1 Knights of Columbus Building (Manila)[3] Address
41°18′09″N 72°55′39″W / 41.30250°N 72.92750°W / 41.30250; -72.92750
Manila, Phillipines
1 Knights of Columbus Building (New Haven, Connecticut) Knights of Columbus headquarters.jpg 1969 built One Columbus Plaza
41°18′09″N 72°55′39″W / 41.30250°N 72.92750°W / 41.30250; -72.92750 (Knights of Columbus Building (New Haven, Connecticut))
New Haven, Connecticut, USA Headquarters of the Knights of Columbus. Also known as the Knights of Columbus Tower, the building was designed by Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates and finished in 1969. It is a 23 story modern style reinforced concrete building, at 321 feet (98 meters) tall, the second-tallest building in the city. The cylindrical towers at the corners give the structure a simple geometric form.[4]
2 Knights of Columbus Building (Gary, Indiana) 1925 built
1984 NRHP-listed
333 W. 5th Ave.
41°36′6″N 87°20′29″W / 41.60167°N 87.34139°W / 41.60167; -87.34139 (Knights of Columbus Building (Gary, Indiana))
Gary, Indiana, USA listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Lake County, Indiana[5] Photos here.[6] And here.[7]
3 Knights of Columbus-Indiana Club 1924 built
1985 NRHP-listed
320 W. Jefferson
41°40′29″N 86°15′15″W / 41.67472°N 86.25417°W / 41.67472; -86.25417 (Knights of Columbus-Indiana Club)
South Bend, Indiana, USA Renaissance, Italian Renaissance architecture[5]
4 Knights of Columbus Hall (Pascagoula, Mississippi) ___ built
2008 MS-listed
3604 Magnolia Street
30°22′12.06″N 88°33′29.39″W / 30.3700167°N 88.5581639°W / 30.3700167; -88.5581639 (Knights of Columbus Hall (Pascagoula, Mississippi))
Pascagoula, Mississippi, USA Also known as Krebs House, designated a Mississippi Landmark in 2008[8]
5 Knights of Columbus Building (Butte, Montana) 1917 built
224 W. Park St
46°0′44.3″N 112°32′24.86″W / 46.012306°N 112.5402389°W / 46.012306; -112.5402389 (Knights of Columbus Building (Butte, Montana))
Butte, Montana, USA Renaissance Revival style; designed by Wellington Smith and built in 1917-1918; regarded as an "icon" in the community; in disrepair in 2009. The Knights of Columbus had by then applied for a $300,000 historic preservation grant from the state.[9][10] Likely included in the Butte-Anaconda Historic District. It is included in a walking tour of historic Uptown area of Butte.[11]
6 George A. Bartlett House, also known as Old Knights of Columbus Hall 1907 built
1982 NRHP-listed
McQuillan and Booker Sts.
Tonopah, Nevada, USA Shingle Style architecture; also known as Old Knights of Columbus Hall[5]
7 Knights of Columbus Building (Portland, Oregon) 1920 built
1990 NRHP-listed
19__ demolished
1998 NRHP delisted
804 SW. Taylor St.
45°31′5.63″N 122°40′53.59″W / 45.5182306°N 122.6815528°W / 45.5182306; -122.6815528 (former location of Knights of Columbus Building (Portland, Oregon))
Portland, Oregon, USA Late Gothic Revival architecture[5] demolished around 1998

Additional notes[edit]

If there is a distinctive architecture for Knights of Columbus halls, it may involve use of the K of C logo (designed in 1883) and components such as fasces, the bundle of sticks with an axe blade, a symbol that generally signifies "strength through unity".

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "History". Knights of Columbus. 
  2. ^ Map
  3. ^ Map and info
  4. ^ Knights of Columbus Building, Greatbuildings Online
  5. ^ a b c d National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ "historic_". 
  7. ^ Flickr pic
  8. ^ "Mississippi Landmarks" (PDF). Mississippi Department of Archives and History. 
  9. ^ Tim Trainor. "Historic Knights of Columbus building falls into disrepair". 
  10. ^ [(url blocked by wikipedia) Butte building photo with caption at travelphotobase Dot com Slash s Slash MTB.HTM]
  11. ^ [ ButteCPR.Org Uptown Historian tour]

Category:Knights of Columbus


Red Man Museum[edit]



Novelty Workers[edit]

Category:Post office buildings on the National Register of Historic Places[edit]

NRHP: AK, IA, MD, MA, NY, SC, WV Genaral: IA, MA, NY, OH, SC, WY

  • U.S. Post Office (Kingman, Arizona) - AZ
  • Old Brick Post Office - AZ
  • U.S. Post Office-Yuma Main - AZ
  • U.S. Post Office and Customs House-Douglas Main - AZ
  • U.S. Post Office (Phoenix, Arizona) - AZ
  • U.S. Post Office (Hollywood, California) - CA
  • United States Court House (Los Angeles, 1940) - CA
  • United States Post Office and Courthouse (Eureka, California) -CA
  • Colorado National Guard Armory - CO
  • U.S. Post Office-Ansonia Main - CT
  • U.S. Post Office-Bridgeport Main - CT
  • U.S. Post Office-Manchester Main - CT
  • U.S. Post Office-Meriden Main - CT
  • U.S. Post Office-Milford Main - CT
  • U.S. Post Office-New London Main - CT
  • United States Post Office—Stamford Main - CT
  • United States Post Office—South Norwalk Main - CT
  • United States Post Office (Greenwich, Connecticut) -CT
  • U.S. Post Office-Naugatuck Main - CT
  • Kenton Post Office - DE
  • U.S. Post Office, Courthouse, and Customhouse (Wilmington, Delaware) - DE
  • Old Customshouse (Wilmington, Delaware) - DE
  • Customhouse and Post Office (Washington, D.C.) - DC
  • General Post Office (Washington, D.C.) - DC
  • Old Post Office Pavilion - DC
  • United States Post Office (Daytona Beach, Florida) - FL
  • United States Post Office-Adel, Georgia - GA
  • U.S. Post Office-Lihue - HI
  • King David Kalakaua Building - HI
  • U.S. Post Office (Belvidere, Illinois) - IL
  • Cimarron Redoubt - KS
  • U.S. Post Office and Courthouse-Alexandria - LA
  • U.S. Post Office and Courthouse-Baton Rouge - LA
  • U.S. Customhouse (Old Customhouse) and Post Office - ME
  • Machias Post Office and Customhouse - ME
  • U.S. Customhouse and Post Office (Bath, Maine) - ME
  • Davenport House (Franklin Township, Michigan) - MI
  • Anoka Post Office - MN
  • United States Customhouse and Post Office (St. Louis, Missouri) - MO
  • U.S. Post Office and Customhouse (Gulfport, Mississippi) - MS
  • U.S. Post Office, Courthouse, and Customhouse (Biloxi, Mississippi) - MS
  • United States Post Office and Courthouse (Meridian, Mississippi) - MS
  • United States Post Office (Burlington, North Carolina) - NC
  • Post Office Building, Upper Montclair - NJ
  • Sawyer-Curtis House - OH
  • Eighteen Mile House - OH
  • Brown Township Building - OH
  • U.S. Post Office (Lima, Ohio) - OH
  • United States Post Office and Federal Building (Zanesville, Ohio) - OH
  • U.S. Post Office (Astoria, Oregon) - OR
  • United States Post Office-Charleroi - PA
  • Galveston United States Post Office and Courthouse - TX
  • Laredo United States Post Office, Court House and Custom House - TX
  • Marshall U.S. Post Office - TX
  • U.S. Post Office and Courthouse (Ogden, Utah) - UT
  • Walter E. Hoffman United States Courthouse - VA
  • Lewis F. Powell, Jr., United States Courthouse - VA
  • U.S. Post Office and Customhouse (Burlington, Vermont) - VT
  • U.S. Courthouse, Post Office and Customs House (Newport, Vermont) - VT
  • William O. Douglas Federal Building - WA
  • United States Post Office, Courthouse, and Custom House (Spokane, Washington) - WA
  • Chilton Post Office - WI
  • U.S. Post Office (Kemmerer, Wyoming) - WY

Starr House (Wilmington, Delaware)[edit]

Starr House
Starr House Wilmington.JPG
Starr House on Legal Row
RevelationDirect/Sandbox is located in Delaware
Location 1310 N. King St., Wilmington, Delaware
Coordinates 39°44′52″N 75°32′41″W / 39.74778°N 75.54472°W / 39.74778; -75.54472
Area 0.43 acres[2]
Built 1801-1806
NRHP reference # 71000232[1]
Added to NRHP 1971-03-24

The Old Customshouse is a historic government building at 516 North King Street in Wilmington, Delaware. It was built in 1855 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.





Flemish bond brick pattern.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2011-01-17. 
  2. ^ Kozikowski, Michael E. (2008-08-25). "Parcel 2603540084". New Castle County Recorder of Deeds. Retrieved 2011-01-15.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Scharf, John Thomas, History of Delaware: 1609-1888: Local history (Philadelphia: L. J. Richards & Co, 1888; republished by Google Books), p. 754, Volume II. LCCN 01-13423.
  4. ^ Kozikowski, Michael E. (2008-08-25). "2603540084 Advanced Search". New Castle County Recorder of Deeds. Retrieved 2011-01-15.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ Dayton, Richard L. (1974-09-24). "Old Customs House NRHP Registry Nomination Form" (PDF). The Victorian Society in America. Retrieved 2011-01-16.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

Category:Buildings and structures in Wilmington, Delaware Category:1801 architecture Category:Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Delaware Category:Houses in New Castle County, Delaware Category:Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Delaware Category:Houses in New Castle County, Delaware


Starr House [Image]

URL: Link will open in a new browser window URL: Link will open in a new browser window Publisher: National Park Service Published: 03/24/1971 Access: Public access Restrictions: All Rights Reserved Format/Size: Physical document with text, photos and map Language: eng: English Note: 1310 King St. Item No.: 71000232 NRIS (National Register Information System) Subject: ARCHITECTURE/ENGINEERING Subject: PERSON Subject: ARCHITECTURE Subject: COMMERCE Subject: BUILDING Subject: 1800-1824 Keywords: Starr,Jacob;1801;1806 Place: DELAWARE -- New Castle County -- Wilmington


Categories nominated for deletion on 2010-01-09:

Fraternal Organizations[edit]

Civitan International[edit]

Improved Order of Red Men[edit]

East Berlin, PA [15]

District (maybe) [16]

another district ct [17]

Walcott Building [18]

General Store (maybe) [19]

Clay County, Indiana

Coal Company Store (added 1992 - Building - #86001121) 

Also known as Independent Order of Red Men Fraternal Lodge S. Harmony Rd., Harmony

Historic Significance:  Event, Architecture/Engineering  

Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown Architectural Style: Other Area of Significance: Architecture, Commerce Period of Significance: 1875-1899, 1900-1924 Owner: Private Historic Function: Commerce/Trade Historic Sub-function: Specialty Store Current Function: Education, Social Current Sub-function: Clubhouse

Wash [20]

Ohio Tecumseh Theatre [21]

CT source [22]


Lions Club International[edit]


Lightship WAL-605, RELIEF


{{Infobox NRHP

 | name = Union Passenger Station
 | nrhp_type = cp
 | partof = Union Depot-Warehouse Historic District
 | partof_refnum = 80004009
 | image = Union Station Tacoma 01A.jpg
 | caption = 
 | location= 1713 Pacific Ave., Tacoma, Washington
 | coordinates = 47°14′46″N 122°26′6″W / 47.24611°N 122.43500°W / 47.24611; -122.43500
 | locmapin = Washington
 | built = 1911
 | architect = [[Charles A. Reed and Allen H. Stem
 | architecture = Beaux-Arts
 | added = March 15, 1974
 | area = 0.9 acres (0.36 ha)
 | mpsub =
 | governing_body = Private
 | refnum = 74001975[1]


Ilium Building
Ilium Building, Troy, NY.jpg
East and south facades, 2008
Location Troy, NY
Coordinates 42°43′57″N 73°41′18″W / 42.73250°N 73.68833°W / 42.73250; -73.68833
Built 1904
Architect Marcus F. Cummings
Part of Central Troy Historic District (#86001527)
NRHP reference # 70000429
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 18, 1970
Designated CP August 13, 1986


RevelationDirect/Sandbox τ

Point Defiance[edit]

Nereides Baths (1906) located in Point Defiance Park between 1906 and 1931 designed by Frederick Heath

Toyota Tacoma[edit]


Glas Mold Pottery[edit]

Glass, Molders & Pottery International Union
Full name Glass, Molders, Pottery, Plastics & Allied Workers International Union
Native name GMP Union
Affiliation AFL-CIO, CLC
Country United States, Canada


The Train Dispatchers hold collective bargaining agreements with the following companies:


</ref> During the Great Railroad Strike of 1922, the Train Dispatchers did not participate but neither would they perform work of other unions.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Train Dispatchers to Remain at Work". New York Times. 1921-10-20. Retrieved 2010-09-07. 

External links[edit]


Category:Trade unions in the United States Category:Organizations established in 1917 Category:AFL-CIO


Badia Spices[edit]

Badia Spices
Family business[1]
Industry Spices
Genre Cuban cuisine
Founded 1963
Founder Jose "Pepe" Badia
Headquarters PO Box 226497 Doral, Florida 33222-6497, USA
Area served
US with concentration in Southern Florida
Products Spices, olive oil
US$30 millon

avocado ranch dressing to be offered at Kentucky Fried Chicken outlets [2]

warning after a Salmonella recall because of the presence of flying insects and insufficient hand-washing stations [3]

Miami Dolphins tailgate cooking challenge [4]

Top-selling in general spices in the miami area [5]

Florida International University scholarship [6]

Category:Spices Category:Companies established in 1963 Category:Companies based in Doral, Florida Category:Food production companies of the United States Category:Cuban cuisine

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hartz-Seeley, Deborah (2006-06-08). "At Badia I learn the spice of life". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  2. ^ Hartz-Seeley, Deborah (2006-06-08). "At Badia I learn the spice of life". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  3. ^ Singleton, Emma (2002-05-21). "WARNING LETTER FLA-02-41". Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  4. ^ "Dol-Fans Spice Up Dolphins Game With Badia Spices". Miami Dolphins. 2009-11-18. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  5. ^ = 2010-12-19 "Badia's Parsley Rank - Miami" Check |url= value (help). Badia Spices. 2002. 
  6. ^ = 2010-12-19 "Badia Spices-Jose Marti Scholarship" Check |url= value (help). Edu in Review. 

External links[edit]



Divisions of the Caterpillar Tractor Company, now Caterpillar Inc.[1]:

Division Based Type Website Note
Anchor Coupling Menominee, MI, USA Hydraulic hoses
AsiaTrak Tianjin, China Undercarriage components Joint venture
Balderson Peoria, IL, USA V-Blade Rebranded as Cat
Barber-Greene Peoria, IL, USA Asphalt pavers Rebranded as Cat
Best Manufacturing Company San Leandro, CA, USA Tractors Predecessor
Cat Financial Nashville, TN, USA New product financing
Cat Electronics Peoria, IL, USA Electronic systems
Cat Gifts & Apparel Peoria, IL, USA Licensing agreements Primarilly clothes & shoes
Cat Logistics Peoria, IL, USA Logistics
Cat Reman Peoria, IL, USA Remanufacturing
The Cat Rental Store Peoria, IL, USA Rental
Caterpillar Defence Shrewsbury, UK Military [27]
Caterpillar Foundation Peoria, IL, USA Charity
Caterpillar Impact Slough, UK Hydraulic hammers [28] Sandvik joint venture
Caterpillar Trimble Controls Dayton, OH, USA Electronic guidance & controls Trimble joint venture
Challenger Tractor Peoria, IL, USA Agricultural Sold to AGCO
E-ject Elkader, IA, USA Ejector trailers
Electro-Motive Diesel La Grange, IL, USA Locomotives Formerly part of GM
Eurenov Chaumont, France Remanufacturing
FCC Equipment Financing Jacksonville, FL, USA Financing Formerly Forke Credit Corporation
Hindustan Motors Uttarpara, India Tractors Former joint venture
Holt Manufacturing Company Stockton, CA, USA Tractors Predecessor
LOVAT Toronto, Canada Tunnel boring machines
Mitsubishi Caterpillar Forklifts, Inc. Houston, TX, USA Forklift joint venture American division
Nexus Peoria, IL, USA Undercarriage parts
Olympian Peoria, IL, USA Small generating sets Rebranded as Cat
Perkins Engines Peterborough, UK Off-highway deisel engines
Prentice Prentice, WI, USA Timber harvesting PrenticeForestry.
Progress Corporation Albertville, AL, USA Rail services
Rapisarda Cernusco sul Naviglio, Italy Flexible rubbere hoses
SEM Qingzhou, China Wheel loaders
Solar Turbines Sand Diego, CA, USA Solar gas turbine generators
Turbomach Peoria, Illinois, USA Gas turbine generators Rebranded as Cat
Turner Wolverhampton, UK Power Trains
Verachtert Hertogenbosch, Holland Northern Europe
Wealdstone Rushden, UK Engineering
FG Wilson Belfast, UK Diesel and gas generators
Xpart Desford, UK Parts & Service Supports MG Rover vehicles


Division Location Type Website Note
Trackson Milwaukee 1951 Traxcavators (tracked Loaders) and Pipelayers "Traxcavator" became a Cat brand
Towmotor Mentor, OH 1965[2] Forklifts Later became Mitsubishi Caterpillar Forklifts, 80% owned by Mitsubishi
Solar Turbines San Diego, CA 1981[3] Natural gas turbines Founded in 1927 as Prudden-San Diego Airplane Company; assets acquired from International Harvester
Barber Green Minneapolis, MN 1991[4] paving products Renamed Caterpillar Paving Products
Krupp MaK Engines Kiel, Germany 1997[5] Marine diesel engines Renamed "MaK Motoren GmbH" (but still uses MaK brand name)
Perkins Engines Peterborough, UK 1998[6] Small diesel engines Produces both Cat and Perkins branded engines
F.G. Wilson Larne, Northern Ireland 1999[7] Generators Produces both Cat and Olympian branded gen-sets
Hindustan Motors Earthmoving Equipment Division Chennai, India 2000[8] Construction equipment Acquired from Hindustan Motors Group and renamed Caterpillar India
Elphinstone Burnie, Australia 2000[9] Underground mining equipment Renamed Caterpillar Underground Mining
Sabre Engines Ltd. United Kingdom 2000[10] Marine engines Renamed Caterpillar Marine Power UK. Produces both Cat and Perkins-Sabre branded engines
Bitelli SpA Minerbio, Italy 2000[11] paving products Merged into Caterpillar Paving Products
Wealdstone Engineering Ltd. Rushden, United Kingdom 2004[12] Remanufacturer of gasoline and diesel engines
Williams Technologies, Inc. Summerville, South Carolina 2004[12] Remanufacturer of automatic transmissions, torque converters and engines
Turbomach SA Riazzino, Switzerland 2004[13] Packager of industrial gas turbines and related systems
Progress Rail Albertville, Alabama 2006[14] Railroad equipment remanufacturing
Hindustan PowerPlus Ltd. Mathagondapalli, India 2006[15] Engine components and heavy-duty diesel engines Buyout of joint venture formed in 1988. Renamed Caterpillar Power India Private Ltd. Merged into Caterpillar India in 2008.
Eurenov Chaumont , France 2007[16] Automotive component remanufacturing
Blount International, Inc. - Forestry Division Portland, Oregon 2007[17] Timber harvesting and processing equipment, loaders and attachments
Shandong Engineering Machinery (SEM) China 2008[18] Construction equipment
LOVAT Canada 2008[19] Tunnel boring machines
Shin Caterpillar Mitsubishi Sagami & Akashi, Japan 2008[20] Construction equipment Joint venture since 1963, with purchase of majority became Caterpillar Japan Ltd.
MGE Equipamentos & Serviços Ferroviários Brazil 2008[21] Railroad equipment remanufacturing Division of Caterpillar's Progress Rail
Gremada Industries West Fargo, North Dakota 2008[22] Remanufacturing transmissions, torque converters, and final drives
Twin City Signal Hudson, WI 2008[23] Signaling, traffic control Division of Caterpillar's Progress Rail
JCS Co., Ltd. South Korea 2009[24] Seal technology A subsidiary of Jinsung T.E.C. Co., Ltd., a South Korea-based manufacturer that produces undercarriage components
GE Inspection Products Erie, PA 2010[25] Rail inspection products Division of Caterpillar's Progress Rail
FCM Rail Fenton, MI 2010[26] Rail maintenance equipment leasing Division of Caterpillar's Progress Rail
Zeit Comercio e Montagem de Equipamentos Ltda Curitiba, Parana, Brazil 2010[27] Automation and electrical equipment for locomotives and other industries Acquired by MGE, a division of Caterpillar's Progress Rail
Electro-Motive Diesel La Grange, IL 2010[28] Railroad locomotives and large diesel engines Division of Caterpillar's Progress Rail
Underground Imaging Technologies, Inc. (UIT) Latham, NY 2010[29] geophysical services, specializing in providing three-dimensional representations of underground utilities part of Cat Advanced Systems Division
Caterpillar Xuzhou Ltd Xuzhou, China 2010[30] Construction equipment Joint venture since 1995 with Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group, upon the completion of the acquisition, Caterpillar Xuzhou, which was established in 1995, will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Caterpillar.
CleanAIR Systems, Inc. Santa Fe, New Mexico 2010[31] customized stationary aftertreatment solutions for internal combustion engines CleanAIR Systems will remain headquartered in Santa Fe and will be known as CleanAIR Systems, Inc.- A Caterpillar Company.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Businesses and Brands". Caterpillar Inc. Retrieved 2010-09-05. 
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Osenga, Mike (2000). "CNH Sells Tractor Operations … Cat Buys The Rest Of Elphinstone … Parker Buys Wynn's … Manitowoc Consolidates - Brief Article". Diesel Progress North American Edition. 
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b
  13. ^
  14. ^{4DAD5133-2E8D-4AB5-957A-0EC7A04FB76D}
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Caterpillar, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Shin Caterpillar Mitsubishi Announce". Reuters. 2008-03-26. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Caterpillar to Expand Remanufacturing Business With Acquisition of Certain Gremada". Reuters. 2008-06-16. 
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^ Singh, Shruti Date (1 June 2010). "Caterpillar to Pay $820 Million for Locomotive Maker". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^

* Caterpillar divisions


RevelationDirect/Sandbox τ



Bell Telephone buildings and structures[edit]


BP Template[edit]

Victor Bray

Follow Ups[edit]

Category:Iran – United Kingdom relations

  • Compression on talk page









  • Relief Vessels: Development Driller III · Discoverer Clear Leader · Discoverer Enterprise · GSF Development Driller II · Helix Producer · Loch Rannoch · Q4000 · Toisa Pisces

Julia Somerville




Atlantis PQ Sea Gem Sea Quest Thunder Horse PDQ


Byford Dolphin Deepwater Horizon FPSO Seillean Iolair


Mad Dog (oil platform)

Oil Fields[edit]


Brandywine Museums and Gardens Alliance[edit]

Member Organizations[edit]

Member Type City State Founded Coord Note
Brandywine River Museum Art Chadds Ford Pennsylvania 1971 39°52′12″N 75°35′35″W / 39.8699°N 75.5930°W / 39.8699; -75.5930
Delaware Art Museum Art Wilmington Delaware 1912 39°45′58″N 75°33′53″W / 39.766193°N 75.564759°W / 39.766193; -75.564759
Delaware Center for the Contemporary Arts Art Wilmington Delaware 1979 39°44′20″N 75°33′36″W / 39.738907°N 75.560038°W / 39.738907; -75.560038
Delaware Historical Society Historical Wilmington Delaware 1864 39°44′34″N 75°33′01″W / 39.742785°N 75.550382°W / 39.742785; -75.550382
Delaware Museum of Natural History Art Greenville Delaware 1972 39°47′54″N 75°36′35″W / 39.798307°N 75.609804°W / 39.798307; -75.609804
Hagley Museum and Library Wilmington Delaware 1957 39°27′54″N 75°20′35″W / 39.4650°N 75.3430°W / 39.4650; -75.3430
Longwood Gardens Gardens Kennett Square Pennsylvania 1946 39°52′16″N 75°40′29″W / 39.8712°N 75.6747°W / 39.8712; -75.6747
Mount Cuba Center Gardens Greenville Delaware 2001 39°47′17″N 75°38′54″W / 39.788056°N 75.648333°W / 39.788056; -75.648333 Includes an observatory
Rockwood Mansion Wilmington Delaware 1973
Winterthur Museum and Country Estate Winterthur Delaware 1951 39°28′56″N 75°21′37″W / 39.4821°N 75.3603°W / 39.4821; -75.3603
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Not Nemours [29]


Category:Brandywine Museums & Gardens Alliance

Balboa Park[edit]

San Diego Zoo[edit]

Delaware Children's Museum[edit]



Category:Museums in Wilmington, Delaware Category:Museums established in 2010 Category:Wilmington Riverfront Category:Children's museums in the United States




The Solidarity Center classifies its funding into the following program types[1]:

  • Worker & Human Rights
  • Global Economy
  • Gender & Equality

[30] [31] [32]

  • Safety & Health
  • Migration & Human Trafficking

General links[edit]


The Solidarity Center's government funding faces criticism from multiple sides. Congressman Ron Paul sees the NED funding recipient as a "foreign policy loose cannon" that does not act in US interests.[2] Conversely, critiques from within the AFL-CIO maintain that the funding gives the government too much control over the labor federation. The California AFL-CIO submitted a resolution to fund international programs only with union and member money to avoid appearing "to be an agent of the U.S. government and its foreign policies."[3] This leads to accusations of hypocrisy since ACILS advocates for trade unions to be free of government control in other countries.

Wilmington Trust Building[edit]

U.S. Post Office, Courthouse, and Customhouse
Wilm Trust Bldg.jpg
The Wilmington Trust Building
RevelationDirect/Sandbox is located in Delaware
Location 11th & Market Wilmington, Delaware
Coordinates 39°44′48″N 75°32′48″W / 39.746667°N 75.546667°W / 39.746667; -75.546667
Area Rodney Square
Built 1925
Architect Irwin & Leighton
Architectural style Classical revival
NRHP reference # 79000638
Added to NRHP 1979


Former U. S. Post Office & Customs House / Wilmington Trust Building - architects: Robinson, Manning and Stanhope, Wilmington - contributing architect: Louis A. Simon, Supervising Architect for United States Treasury Department, Washington, D.C. - date of construction: 1935-37 [35]

Completed 1985 Rodney Square Club


First Night [36]

Cleaner lawsuit [37]


39°44′48″N 75°32′48″W / 39.74667°N 75.54667°W / 39.74667; -75.54667 (U.S. Post Office, Courthouse, and Customhouse)

U. S. Postal Service - Eastern Region - Real Estate and Buildings Department

Delaware Theatre Company[edit]

Delaware Theatre Company
Address 200 Water St.
Wilmington, Delaware 19801
United States
Current use Theatre
Opened 1985
Years active 1978-Present


Rock N Roll McDonald's McDonald's Cycle Center Hamburger University Kroc Center McDonald's USA First Store Museum McDonald's (Will Rogers Turnpike) Candler Building (New York, New York) McDonald's Sign (Pine Bluff, Arkansas) McDonald's Olympic Swim Stadium

Other Sodas[edit]

Mountain Dew Dr. Enuf

Dr Pepper Snapple

Winfield Hall[edit]

Woolworth Estate
RevelationDirect/Sandbox is located in New York
Location 77 Crescent Beach Rd., Glen Cove, New York 11542-1323
Coordinates 39°45′03″N 75°33′06″W / 39.75072°N 75.551734°W / 39.75072; -75.551734
Built 1916
Architect Charles P.H. Gilbert
Architectural style Other, Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals
NRHP reference # 79001593
Added to NRHP 1979

The F. W. Woolworth Company Building is a historic department store building located in downtown Wilmington, Delaware.


From 1940 to 1997, the F. W. Woolworth Company operated the store, this location being one of the last to close. The building then housed a Happy Harry's drug store and pharmacy for several years until that company was purchased by Walgreens in 2007. Walgreens continues to operate the acquired Happy Harry's stores, including the Market Street store, under the Happy Harry's name.[4] The building was purchased by a subsidiary of BPG Property Group in 2008 who now leases the location back to Walgreens.


This former Woolworth's in Seattle uses similar architectural elements.

Designed by company architect H. W. Stakes, the art deco building uses steel frame construction with a masonry curtain wall. The facade on the 2nd and 3rd stories displays alternating peach and cream vertical stripes of terra cotta tile with lotus motifs.[5] The building has a grey medallion with a raised "W" on the chamfered corner on 9th and Market.[6]

When a Woolworth's store, the interior had two sales floors, the current ground floor and the bargain basement. The escalators to the basement floor are still visible in the store.

In 1959, Woolworth added a third story which appeared in the original blue prints. BPG has plans to renovate the building's upper floors and to add an additional two stories to the building for use as apartments.


The building stands at the shopping intersection of 9th and Market streets a block off Rodney Square at the heart of the central business district. Woolworths also operated another store four blocks away at 504 Market Street. That second location now houses the Delaware History Museum.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Our Programs". ACILS. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  2. ^ Paul, Ron (2003-10-11). "National Endowment for Democracy: Paying to Make Enemies of America". Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  3. ^ California Federation of Labor (2005). "RESOLUTION 42: Build Unity and Trust Among Workers Worldwide" (PDF). AFL-CIO. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  4. ^ "Happy Harry's Store Locator". Walgreens. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  5. ^ "Market Street Cultural Resources Inventory" (PDF). DelDOT. May 2003. Retrieved 2009-03-21.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ Chandler, Susan (October 1986). "National Register of Hstoric Places Inventory Nomination Form: F.W. Woolworth Company Building" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  7. ^ "Delaware Historical Society". Brandywine Treasures. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 

External links[edit]

Category:Buildings and structures in New Jersey Category:National Register of Historic Places in New Jersey Category:Woolworth


  • AFL-CIO Education Department
  • AFL-CIO International Department (ACLS)
  • AFL-CIO Industrial Department
  • AFL-CIO Railroad Department


Category:Trade union financial institutions

Michael Graves[edit]


Target Corporation donated $6 million as a corporate sponsor to the restoration of the Washington Monument in 1999 as and hired Graves to design the scaffolding. Use citations from Target article, club wedd and target house. Also Licensed and localized editions of Monopoly


Popular Culture[edit]

Mel Brooks 1960s comedy, Get Smart included a KAOS villain named Rotten Ruthless Rupert of Rathskeller. James Caan played the character but the credits indicated "Rupert Rathskeller (as himself)." IMDB "Get Smart" To Sire, with Love: Part 2 (1969)

80s band opened for Roadmaster one album, Intro [39] "Writing On The Wall" single [40]

Woolworth Building [41] [42]

Iron Hill Musuem[edit]

Iron Hill Museum
RevelationDirect/Sandbox is located in Delaware
Location in Delaware
Established 1967
Location 1355 Old Baltimore Pike, Newark, Delaware, 19702 USA
Coordinates 39°37′57″N 75°45′30″W / 39.632366°N 75.7582°W / 39.632366; -75.7582
Type Natural history
Visitors 10,000 (Children)[1]

The Delaware Academy of Science founded The Iron Hill Musuem in 1967 as natural history museum in Newark, Delaware.

Academy founded in 1962.



Since XXX, the museum has hosted an Archaeology Festival each spring.[2] The museum had a major expansion in 2005 to add educational and exhibit space.

School house[edit]

Pierre S. DuPont The Newark Special School District donated the unused school house to the Academy in 1967.[1]


The name of the location stems from iron mining on the site and nearby Chestnut Hill. Four different open pits were worked from 1703 to 1910. Today the musuem includes an exhibit on local mining and tours of the iron mine preserve.[3]

The museum's land and the adjacent Iron Hill Park serve as a popular location for casual sex from nearby I-95 and results in frequent New Castle County police presence at night. Park-area residents upset by 'cruising' County officials seek ideas for changing Iron Hill Park By ANGIE BASIOUNY • The News Journal • February 10, 2008

Iron Hill School[edit]

The museum uses a one-room school house built in 1923. The Iron High School served as an education facility for African American students in the era of de jure racial segregation. Pierre S. du Pont provided

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "History of the Delaware Academy of Science and the Iron Hill Museum". Iron Hill Museum. Retrieved 2009-08-01.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "history" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ "Dig deeper into the world of dinosaurs". Delaware Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  3. ^ "Iron Mining in Newark, Delaware" (PDF). Iron Hill Musuem. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 

External links[edit]

Category:Natural history museums in Delaware Category:Museums in New Castle County, Delaware Category:Brandywine Museums & Gardens Alliance Category:DuPont

Notes to Self[edit]


Lebanon College International Civil Rights Center and Museum Bus depots of the New York City Transit Authority

Kinney Shoe, Footquarters, Colorado and Basics shoe chains Kinney Shoes Moderna Shuh-Center GmbH, German shoes, sold to Andr Schuhland GmbH, a division of Andr Deutschland GmbH

Mall Specialty stores

Europe CB Diffusion (France) Faust (France) Freedom Sportsline

Rubin GmbH, costume jewelry & accessories sold to Bijou Brigitte modische Accessories AG in 1996

  • Woolworth GmbH, the owner of the Woolworths chain of high street shops in Germany and Austria (originally part of the F.W. Woolworth company, but separate since 1998, filing for bankruptcy April 2009) Retail Company of Germany, Inc., under Woolworths 1996

North America Accessory Lady, US sold 1996 Anderson-Little Athletic Fibers Best of Times Canary Island Canada, closed in 1993 eVenator

W.H. Moore, C.S. Woolworth, F.M. Kirby, S.H. Knox, and E.P. Charlton. All were former partner-managers except for Earle Perry Charlton Footaction USA Footquarters Karuba Canada, closed in 1993 Kids Mart discount from Holtzman's Little Folk Shop, purchased in 1983 kids clothing kids full priced from Holtzman's Northern Elements family casual Northern Getaway family casual Northern Group (4 concepts) Northern Reflections clothing Canada spinoff, founded 1980s Northern Traditions family casual Randy River Canada casual mens Richman Brothers Company clothing, mens & Boys Rx Place : sold to Phar-Mor in 1995 Silk & Satin lingerie Canada by La Senza Inc., a subsidiary of Suzy Shier Limited 1996 Sporting Goods Stylco Susie Casual women’s clothing Team Edition Apparel Weekend Edition Canada casual women Weekend Edition Plus Woolworth Express drug. HBA downtown launched 1990, NYC

Oceana Williams the Shoeman (actually woolworths)

World Foot Locker (larger) Best of Times watches Northern Reflections, selling cold-weather outerwear. But he said he was also high on yet newer company chains like Going to the Game, selling sports memorabilia (40 stores currently); Best of Times, specializing in watches from $30 to $1,500 (30 stores), and Northern Traditions, a spinoff of Northern Reflections now operating in Canada that sells more formal clothes.


interesting map[edit]