User:Revent/Biography/sources/A

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Contents

A[edit]

Aaron, Richard[ODNB 1][Who's Who 1][edit]

  • Who Was Who - [1] - paywall site
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

ODNB[edit]

Abbadie, Jacques [DNB 1][ODNB 2][EE 1][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbadie, Jacques
  • Author: Grant, A.H.
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grant|first=A. H.|wstitle=Abbadie, Jacques|volume=1|pages=1-3}}
  •  Grant, A. H. (1885). "Abbadie, Jacques". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 1–3. 
  • LEAD: ABBADIE, JACQUES (or JAMES), D.D.(1654?–1727), dean of Killaloe, preacher, and christian apologist…
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Agnew's Protestant Exiles from France in the reign of Louis XIV, 2nd edition, 1871–74.
  • Burn's History of the French, Walloon, Dutch, and other Foreign Protestant Refugees settled in England, 8vo, London, 1846
  • Essai historique, prefixed to Sermons et Panégyriques, 1760
  • Illaire's Etude sur Jacques Abbadie considéré comme Prédicateur, 8vo. Strasburg, 1858
  • MM. Haag's La France Protestante
  • Niceron's Mémoires pour servir à l'Histoire des Hommes illustres dans la République des Lettres, vol. xxxiii.
  • Weiss's History of the French Protestant Refugees, 1854
Cites[edit]
  • Cotton, Fasti Ecclesiæ Hibernicæ, i. 412
  • Dwyer, Diocese of Killaloe, 8vo, Dublin, 1878
  • Daily Courant, 5 Oct. 1727 (obit)
  • Daily Post, 6 Oct. 1727 (obit)
  • Historical Register, 1727 (obit)
Works[edit]
  • Sermons sur divers Textes de l'Ecriture, 4to, Leyde, 1680
  • Réflexions sur la Présence réelle du Corps de Jésus-Christ dans l'Eucharistie, 12mo, La Haye, 1685
  • Panégyrique de Monseigneur l'Electeur de Brandebourg, 1684, 4to and 8vo, Berlin and Rotterdam
  • Panégyrique de Marie Stuart, Reine d'Angleterre, d'Ecosse, de France, et d'Irlande, de glorieuse et immortelle memoire, décédée à Kensington le 28 décembre 1694, 8vo, Amsterdam, 1695
Also published as: A Panegyric on our late Sovereign Lady, 4to, London, 1695
  • Essai historique sur la Vie et les Ouvrages de M. Abbadie.
  • Quatre Lettres sur la Transsubstantiation, Toulouse, 1835
Also published as Chemical Change in the Eucharist, 4to, London, 1867.
  • Traité de la Vérité de la Religion chrétienne, 2 vols. 8vo, Rotterdam, 1684.
English version 1694 by Henry Lussan
  • Traité de la Divinité de Nôtre Seigneur Jésus-Christ, Rotterdam, 1689, seventh edition, Amsterdam, 1729.
  • A Sovereign Antidote against Arian Poyson, 12mo, appeared in London, 1719 (trans)
  • The Deity of Jesus Christ essential to the Christian Religion, 8vo, London, 1777. ("revised, corrected, and, in a few places, abridged, by Abraham Booth")
  • L'Art de se connoître soi-même; ou, La Recherche des Sources de la Morale, 8vo, Rotterdam, 1692.
trans. Rev. Thomas Woodcock, The Art of Knowing One-self, 12mo, Oxford, 1694.
  • Défense de la Nation Britannique, 12mo, La Haye, 1693
  • (Cotton, Fasti Ecclesiæ Hibernicæ, i. 412; Dwyer, Diocese of Killaloe, 8vo, Dublin, 1878)
  • Histoire de la dernière Conspiration d'Angleterre, 8vo, London, 1696
  • La Vérité de la Religion Chrétienne Réformée, 2 vols. 8vo, Rotterdam, 1717, second edition 1718
  • Le Triomphe de la Providence et de la Religion; ou, l'Ouverture des sept Seaux par le Fils de Dieu, où l'on trouvera la première partie de l'Apocalypse clairement expliquée par ce qu'il y a de plus connu dans l'Histoire et de moins contesté dans la Parole de Dieu. Avec une nouvelle et très-sensible Démonstration de la Vérité de la Religion Chrétienne, 4 vols. 12mo, Amsterdam, 1723
  • Nouvelle Manière de prouver l'Immortalité de l'Ame
  • Notes sur le Commentaire philosophique de M. Bayle.
Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment[edit]

  • Article Title: Abbadie, Jacques[EEsaved 1]
  • Author: Whelan, Ruth
  • Lead: Abbadie, Jacques (1654?–1727), Huguenot pastor in Berlin and London (1680–1699), dean of Killaloe in Ireland (1699–1727),…
MLA (from publisher):

Whelan, Ruth. "Abbadie, Jacques." Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. : Oxford University Press, 2002. Oxford Reference. 2005. Date Accessed 10 May. 2013 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195104301.001.0001/acref-9780195104301-e-001>.

Bibliography[edit]
  • Ehrard, J. L'idée de nature en France dans la première moitié du XVIIIe siècle. 2d ed. Geneva and Paris, 1981. An insightful survey of ideas of nature and naturalism in eighteenth-century France.
  • Mauzi, R. L'idée du bonheur dans la littérature et la pensée française au XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 1979.
  • Mckenna, A. De Pascal à Voltaire: Le rôle des ‘Pensées’ de Pascal dans l'histoire des idées entre 1670 et 1734. Oxford, 1990. A vast survey of the influence of Pascal on subsequent ideas and authors, including Abbadie.
  • Tocanne, B. L'idée de nature en France dans la seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle. Paris, 1978. A helpful survey of ideas of nature and naturalism in the second half of the seventeenth century in France. For Abbadie, see pp. 265–266.
  • Whelan, Ruth. Between Two Worlds: The Political Theory of Jacques Abbadie. Lias 14 (1987), 101–117, 143–156. Situates Abbadie's political theory in the context of the Glorious Revolution in England and Ireland.
  • Whelan, Ruth. Le Dieu d'Abraham et le Dieu des philosophes: Épistémologie et apologétique chez Jacques Abbadie. In Apologétique 1680–1740, edited by M.-C. Pitassi, pp. 59–71. Geneva, 1991. Identifies and studies the ambiguities in Abbadie's epistemology as it relates to apologetics.
  • Whelan, Ruth. From Christian Apologetics to Enlightened Deism: The Case of Jacques Abbadie. Modern Language Review 87 (1992), 32–40.
  • Whelan, Ruth. Les Christ de Jacques Abbadie. In Le Christ entre orthodoxie et Lumières, edited by M.-C. Pitassi, pp. 139–162. Geneva, 1994. A study of the changing faces of Christ in Abbadie's religious thought and apologetics.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

ODNB[edit]

Abbas II of Egypt [ODNB 3][edit]

  • Bibliography of British and Irish History - [2] - paywall site

Archives[edit]

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

ODNB[ODNBsaved 1][edit]

Sources[edit]
  • The last khedive of Egypt: memoirs of Abbas Hilmi II, ed. and trans. A. Sonbol (1998)
  • earl of Cromer, Abbas II (1915)
  • A. H. Beaman, The dethronement of the khedive (1929)
  • T. H. O'Brien, Milner (1979)
  • A. Goldschmidt, Biographical dictionary of modern Egypt (2000)
  • D. M. Mckale, ‘Influence without power: the last khedive of Egypt and the great powers’, Middle Eastern Studies, 33/1
  • S. Raafat, ‘From Mag-Arabs to Al-Magary’, Egyptian Mail (13 April 1996)
  • S. Raafat, ‘Queen for a day’, Al-Ahram Weekly (6 Oct 1994)
Likenesses[edit]
  • Dittrich, photograph, published 1900, National Portrait Gallery, London
  • University of Durham archives
  • photographs, repro. in Sonbol, ed., Last khedive of Egypt

Abbatt, Marjorie [ODNB 4][edit]

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

ODNB [ODNB 5][edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Abbot, Charles (d.1817) [DNB 2]</ref>[edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, Charles (d.1817)
  • Author: Britten, James
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Britten |first=James |wstitle=Abbot, Charles (d.1817) |volume=1|page=3}}
  •  Britten, James (1885). "Abbot, Charles (d.1817)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 3. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, CHARLES (d. 1817) botanist, sometime fellow of New College, Oxford…
References[edit]
  • Gent. Mag. 1817, ii. 378; Journal of Botany, 1881, p. 40.
Works[edit]
  • Flora Bedfordiensis (1798)
  • Parochial Divinity (1807)
  • Monody on the Death of Horatio, Lord Nelson (1805)

Abbot, Charles (1757-1829) [DNB 3][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, Charles (1757-1829)
  • Author: Kebbel, Thomas Edward
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Kebbel |first=Thomas Edward |wstitle=Abbot, Charles (1757-1829) |volume=1|pages=3-5 }}
  •  Kebbel, Thomas Edward (1885). "Abbot, Charles (1757-1829)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 3–5. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, CHARLES, first Baron Colchester (1757–1829), speaker of the House of Commons, 1802–1817, was born 14 Oct. 1767, at Abingdon, Berkshire.
References[edit]
  • Diary and Correspondence of Lord Colchester, by the second Lord Colchester, 3 vols. 1861
  • Life of Mr. Perceval, by Spencer Walpole, 1874
  • Manning’s Lives of the Speakers; Annual Register, 1829.
Bibliography[edit]
  • Lord Colchester’s Diary and Correspondence were published by his son in 1861 (see above)
  • A selection from Abbot’s speeches on the Roman catholic question appeared in 1828
  • "His short speeches recorded in the Journals of the House of Commons, thanking admirals and generals for their exploits during the great war… were collected into one volume by Mr. John Rickman, Lord Colchester’s secretary, and published in 1829."

Abbot, George (1562-1633) [DNB 4][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, George (1562-1633)
  • Author: Lee, Sidney Lazarus
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Lee |first=Sidney Lazarus |wstitle=Abbot, George (1562-1633) |volume=1|pages=5-20 }}
  •  Lee, Sidney Lazarus (1885). "Abbot, George (1562-1633)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 5–20. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, GEORGE (1562–1633), archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Guildford on 29 Oct. 1562.
  • Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]

[The fullest accounts of Abbot’s life are to be found in the Biographia Britannica and in Hook’s Lives of the Archbishops. The former was by William Oldys, and was reprinted at Guildford, in a separate volume by Speaker Onslow, a fellow-townsman of Abbot, in 1777. It is full of references to all printed authorities accessible in the eighteenth century. Hook’s Life (1875) attempts to incorporate with the older biography some more recently discovered information, but is only very partially successful; it is disfigured by many errors as to dates and by want of sympathy with Abbot’s position. Hook gave a less elaborate, but more valuable, account of Abbot in his Ecclesiastical Biography, 1845. By far the best account of Abbot is to be found in Mr. S. R. Gardiner’s sketches of him in his History of England. Original authorities for Abbot’s biography are his own papers and works, referred to above, which should be compared with Laud’s diary and Heylin’s Cyprianus Anglicanus, or the Life of Laud, on the other side. Abbot’s will was printed at Guildford by Onslow in 1777. Hearne’s biographical notice in Rawlinson MS. C. 146, f. 386, and Dr. White Kennet’s biographical notes on Abbot in Lansdowne MS. 984, are of very little value. The Domestic State Papers from 1600 to 1633 are full of references to his public and private life, and contain a vast number of his letters. The Rolls of Parliament; Wood’s Athenæ Oxonienses; Strype’s Annals; Winwood’s Memorials; Rymer’s Fœdera; Hacket’s Life of Williams; and the publications of the Camden, Abbotsford, and Bannatyne Societies concerning the reign of James I throw occasional light on Abbot’s life; Nichols’s Progresses is very useful for his relations with the court. It is important to compare the views taken of him in Clarendon’s History, in Fuller’s Church History, and in Neal’s History of the Puritans.]

Cites[edit]
  • Murray’s Surrey, p. 74
  • Fuller’s Abel Redivivus, p. 539
  • Aubrey, Miscellanies, ed. 1857, p. 58
  • History, i. 125, ed. 1849
  • Chamberlain’s Letters, Camd. Soc., p. 102
  • Manningham’s Diary, Camd. Soc., pp. 126–7
  • Laud’s Diary, in his Works, iii. 145
  • H. Savage, Balliofergus, p. 114
  • Heylin, ed. 1668, p. 54
  • Foley, Records, vi. 192
  • Strype, Annals, II. i. 498
  • Nichols, Progresses, i. 559
  • Hist. of Kirk of Scotland, published by the Wodrow Soc. vi. 735
  • Orig. Letters on Eccles. Affairs, Bannatyne Club, i. 146
  • Calderwood, vii. 150
  • Appendix to the Scourge of Folly
  • Nichols, Progresses, ii. 424 n.
  • Le Neve, Fasti
  • Rawlinson MS. at Oxford, C. 155, No. 54
  • Egerton Papers, Camd. Soc. pp. 446–8
  • Spedding, Life of Bacon, v. 91
  • Winwood, Memorials, iii. 459–60
  • Strype, Annals, II. i. 252
  • Goodman, Court of James I, i. 339
  • cf. his letters in Lewis Atterbury’s Some Letters relating to the Council of Trent, 1705
  • Cal. State Papers
  • Pattison, Life of Casaubon, pp. 410, 418, 429
  • Calderwood, History, vii. 218, 226
  • Letters during Reign of James I, Bannatyne Club, ii. 471 et seq.
  • cf. Strype, Annals, iv. 564
  • Winwood, Memorials, iii. 454
  • Goodman, Court of James I, ed. Brewer, ii. 157
  • Spedding, Bacon, v. 205
  • Weldon, Court of King James, printed in Secret History of James I’s Court, 1811, i. 388
  • Spedding, v. 288
  • Goodman, Court of James I, ii. 160
  • Rushworth, Collections, i. 456
  • Gardiner, History, ed. 1884, iii. 53
  • Abbot to Sir Thomas Roe, 19 Feb. 1618–19
  • Cabala, ed. 1654, i. 169
  • Biog. Brit.
  • Laud’s Diary in Works, iii. 134
  • Yonge’s Diary, Camd. Soc., p. 43
  • Reliquiæ Spelmanniæ, pp. 111–120, under date 19 Oct. 1621
  • Nichols, Progresses, ii. 626
  • Rushworth, Collections, i. 431–3
  • Burrows, Worthies of All Souls, pp. 126 et seq.
  • Martin, Archives of All Souls College, pp. 310–77
  • Harl. MS. 7000, f. 181
  • Fuller, Church History, ed. Brewer, vi. 44, note
  • Cal. Clarendon Papers, i. 40
  • Memorials, 18, ed. 1732
  • cf. May, Long Parliament, p. 23, ed. 1854
  • History, i. 134, ed. 1849
  • Church History, ed. Brewer, vi. 46
Likenesses[edit]
  • Evans, Cat. of Engraved Portraits, i. 1, ii. 1

Abbot, George (1603-1648) [DNB 5][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, George (1603-1648)
  • Author: Grosart, Alexander Balloch
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grosart |first=Alexander Balloch |wstitle=Abbot, George (1603-1648) |volume=1|pages=20-21 }}
  •  Grosart, Alexander Balloch (1885). "Abbot, George (1603-1648)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 20–21. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, GEORGE (1603–1648), religious writer, has been persistently mistaken for other George Abbots. He is invariably described as a clergyman, which he never was, and as son of Sir Maurice (or Morris) Abbot, who had indeed a son George, but not this George.…
  • Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1 esp. Abbot, George (1603-1648): for 1648 read 1649
References[edit]
  • MS. collections for History of the Abbots, by J. T. Abbot, Esq., F.S.A., of Darlington
  • Dugdale’s Antiquities of Warwickshire, 1730, p. 1099
  • Wood’s Athenæ, ed. Bliss, ii, 141, 594
  • Cox’s Literature of the Sabbath, i. 193, 441, 476, ii. 29
  • Catalogues of Bodleian and Brit. Museum
  • article in Encyc. Brit. (9th ed.) by present author, partly reproduced by permission of Messrs. A. & C. Black.
Works[edit]
  • Whole Book of Job Paraphrased, or made easy for any to understand (1640, 4to)
  • Vindiciæ Sabbathi (1641)
  • Brief Notes upon the whole Book of Psalms (1651, 4to)

Abbot, John [DNB 6][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, John
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abbot, John |volume=1|pages=21 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abbot, John". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 21. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, JOHN, B.D. (fl. 1623), poet, received his education at Sidney College, Cambridge, graduating B.A. in 1606–7, M.A. in 1610, and B.D. in 1617.…
References[edit]
  • Dr. Bandinel’s Sale Cat., lot 707
  • Sion Coll. Libr. B. 5, 12
  • Farr’s Jacobean Poetry, p. xliii, 353
  • Lowndes’s Bibl. Man. ed. Bohn
Works[edit]
  • Jesus præfigured; or a Poeme of the Holy Name of Jesus, in five bookes (the first and second bookes), by John Abbot, Permissu Superiorum, 1623, 4to.

Abbot, Maurice [DNB 7][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, Maurice
  • Author: Lee, Sidney Lazarus
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Lee |first=Sidney Lazarus |wstitle=Abbot, Maurice |volume=1|pages=20-24 }}
  •  Lee, Sidney Lazarus (1885). "Abbot, Maurice". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 20–24. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, Sir MAURICE or MORRIS (1565–1642), an eminent merchant, governor of the East India Company, and lord mayor of London, was the fifth and youngest son of Maurice Abbot, a clothworker of Guildford, and was the brother of George Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, and of Robert, bishop of Salisbury [q. v.].
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Life of Dr. George Abbot, reprinted by Onslow from the Biographia Britannica, with the lives of his two brothers (Guildford, 1777)
  • Remembrancia of the City of London, 166, 304
  • W. N. Sainsbury's Colonial State Papers (East Indies, China, Japan), 1600–24
  • Foster's Collectanea Genealogica, vol. i.
  • Brayley and Mantell's History of Surrey, i. 392–3
  • Heywood's Porta Pietatis, edited by F. W. Fairholt, in Percy Society's Publications, x. part ii. pp. 55–78
  • Calendars of Dom. State Papers, addenda, 1580–1625, and from 1619 to 1639.
  • Porta (sic) Pietatis, or the Port or Harbour of Piety. Exprest in sundry Triumphes, Pageants, and Showes at the Institution of the Right Honourable Sir Maurice Abbot, knight, into the Mayoralty of the famous and fame renowned city London. Written by Thomas Heywood. London, 1638.
Cites[edit]
  • Rymer, Fœdera, xvii. 171
  • Rymer, Fœdera, xvii. 467
  • Authentic Documents of the Court of Charles I, i. 15
  • House of Lords MSS., Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. iv. 33
  • Wood, Athen. Oxon. (ed. Bliss), ii. 564
  • Members of Parliament, i. 494
  • House of Lords MSS., Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. iv. 62, 72, 73, 80, 102
  • Cal. State Papers, 1629–31, p. 453

Abbot, Robert (1560-1617) [DNB 8][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, Robert (1560-1617)
  • Author: Mullinger, James Bass
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Mullinger |first=James Bass |wstitle=Abbot, Robert (1560-1617) |volume=1|pages=24-25 }}
  •  Mullinger, James Bass (1885). "Abbot, Robert (1560-1617)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 24–25. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, ROBERT (1560–1617), bishop of Salisbury, elder brother of George Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Guildford in Surrey, about 1560, and educated at the free school there.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Life by Featley, in Fuller's Abel Redivivus, vol. ii.
  • Fuller's Church History
  • Wood, Athenæ Oxon., ed. Bliss, ii. 224–7
  • Criminal Trials (S. D. U. K.), ii. 366–7.
Cites[edit]
  • Life by Featley, in Fuller's Abel Redivivus, ed. 1651, p. 540
  • Worthies, Surrey, p. 82
  • Abel Red. p. 541
  • Abel Rediv. p. 543
  • Heylin, Life of Laud, p. 67
  • Aerius Redivivus, p. 390
  • Abel Rediv. p. 545
Bibliography[edit]
  • Middleton, Biographia Evangelica, ii. 381–2
  • ‘Biographia Britannica, i. 19.

Abbot, Robert (1588?-1662?) [DNB 9][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, Robert (1588?-1662?)
  • Author: Grosart, Alexander Balloch
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grosart |first=Alexander Balloch |wstitle=Abbot, Robert (1588?-1662?) |volume=1|pages=25 }}
  •  Grosart, Alexander Balloch (1885). "Abbot, Robert (1588?-1662?)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 25. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, ROBERT (1588?–1662?), divine, has been strangely confused with others, e.g. with Robert Abbot, bishop of Salisbury, and with one of the humble ‘ejected’ of 1662 (Palmer's Nonconf. Mem. ii. 218); he has also been at different times erroneously separated into a Robert Abbot of Cranbrook, Kent; another of Southwick, Hants; a third of St. Austin's, London (the last being further described as a presbyterian, and as joining in the rebellion); while these were only the successive livings of the same Robert Abbot.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Brook's Puritans, iii. 182, 183
  • Abbot's MSS. as under Abbot, George (1603–1648)
  • Walker's Sufferings, part ii. 183
  • Wood's Fasti, ed. Bliss, i. 323
  • Bodleian and Dr. Williams's Library Catal.
  • article in Encyc. Brit. (9th ed.) by present author, partly reproduced by permission of Messrs. A. & C. Black.
Cites[edit]
  • Palmer's Nonconf. Mem. ii. 218
Works[edit]
  • A Hand of Fellowship to Helpe Keepe Ovt Sinne and Antichrist (1623, 4to)
  • Bee Thankfull London and her Sisters (1626)
  • Milk for Babes, or a Mother's Catechism for her Children (1646)
  • A Christian Family builded by God, or Directions for Governors of Families (1653)
  • Triall of our Church Forsakers (1639)
  • Evangelical Peace (1657)

Abbot, William [DNB 10][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbot, William
  • Author: Cook, Edward Dutton
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cook |first=Edward Dutton |wstitle=Abbot, William |volume=1|pages=26 }}
  •  Cook, Edward Dutton (1885). "Abbot, William". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 26. 
  • LEAD: ABBOT, WILLIAM (1789–1843), actor and dramatist, was born at Chelsea, and made his first essay on the stage at Bath in 1806.
References[edit]
  • Biography of the British Theatre (1824)
  • Genest's History of the Stage in England (1832)
  • Donaldson's Recollections of an Actor (1865)
Works[edit]
  • Youthful Days of Frederick the Great, ca. 1817
  • Swedish Patriotism, or the Signal Fire, ca. 1819

Abbott, Charles (1762-1832) [DNB 11][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbott, Charles (1762-1832)
  • Author: Macdonell, John
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Macdonell |first=John |wstitle=Abbott, Charles (1762-1832) |volume=1|pages=26-29 }}
  •  Macdonell, John (1885). "Abbott, Charles (1762-1832)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 26–29. 
  • LEAD: ABBOTT, CHARLES, first Lord Tenterden (1762–1832), lord chief justice, was born 7 Oct. 1762, at Canterbury, in a house on the left-hand side of the west entrance to the cathedral. He was, to quote the epitaph which he wrote for his tomb two months before his death, ‘Filius natu minor humillimis sortis parentibus, patre vero prudenti, matre pia ortus,’ that is, he was the second son of a respectable hairdresser and wig-maker, among whose patrons were the clergy of the cathedral.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Campbell's Lives of the Chief Justices
  • Foss's Judges, ix. 68
  • Townsend's Judges, ii. 234
  • Gent. Mag. for 1832, ii. 568
  • Law Magazine, ix. 233, 234, xxvi. 51.
Cites[edit]
  • Gentleman's Magazine, 1832, ii. 571
  • Twiss, Life of Eldon, ii. 324

Abbott, Charles Stuart Aubrey [DNB 12][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbott, Charles Stuart Aubrey
  • Author: Henderson, Thomas Finlayson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Henderson |first=Thomas Finlayson |wstitle=Abbott, Charles Stuart Aubrey |volume=1|page=30 }}
  •  Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1885). "Abbott, Charles Stuart Aubrey". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 30. 
  • LEAD: ABBOTT, CHARLES STUART AUBREY, third Lord Tenterden (1834–1882), permanent under-secretary for foreign affairs, was the son of the Hon. Charles Abbott, brother of John Henry, second Lord Tenterden, and was born in London on 26 Dec. 1834.
References[edit]
  • Times, 23 Sept. 1882
  • Foreign Office Sketches (1883), pp. 25–40.

Abbott, Edwin [DNB 13][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbott, Edwin
  • Author:
  • {{Cite DNB|last= |first= |wstitle=Abbott, Edwin |volume=1|pages= }}
  •  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Abbott, Edwin". Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  • LEAD: ABBOTT, EDWIN (1808–1882), educational writer, born in London on 1 May 1808, was from 1827 to 1872 head master of the Philological School in Marylebone.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
Works[edit]
  • Complete Concordance to the Works of Alexander Pope (1875)

Abbott, Lemuel (d.1776) [DNB 14][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbott, Lemuel (d.1776)
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abbott, Lemuel (d.1776) |volume=1|page=30 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abbott, Lemuel (d.1776)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 30. 
  • LEAD: ABBOTT, Lemuel (d. 1776), poetical writer, became curate of Ansty, Leicestershire, in 1756; vicar of Thornton, in the same county, in 1773; and died in April 1776.
References[edit]
  • Nichols's Leicestershire, iii. 1082, iv. 984
  • Creswell's Collections towards the History of Printing in Nottinghamshire, 34
Works[edit]
  • Poems on various Subjects. Whereto is prefixed a short Essay on the Structure of English Verse. Nottingham, 1765.

Abbott, Lemuel (1760-1803) [DNB 15][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbott, Lemuel (1760-1803)
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abbott, Lemuel (1760-1803) |volume=1|page=30 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abbott, Lemuel (1760-1803)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 30. 
  • LEAD: ABBOTT, LEMUEL (1760–1803), portrait painter, was a son of a clergyman in Leicestershire —— most probably the Rev. Lemuel Abbott, vicar of Thornton [q. v.].
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Edwards's Anecd. of Painters, 281
  • Pilkington's Dict. of Painters, ed. Davenport
  • Bryan's Dict. of Painters and Engravers, ed. Stanley
  • Redgrave's Dict. of Artists (1878)

Abbott, Thomas Eastoe [DNB 16][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abbott, Thomas Eastoe
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abbott, Thomas Eastoe |volume=1|page=30 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abbott, Thomas Eastoe". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 30. 
  • LEAD: ABBOTT, THOMAS EASTOE (1779–1854), poetical writer, was descended from a Suffolk family, and resided for many years at Darlington, where he served many offices of local trust with great credit.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
  • Latimer's Local Records of Northumberland and Durham, 338
  • Gent. Mag. N.S., 1854, xli. 443
  • Brit. Mus. Cat.
Works[edit]
  • Peace: a Lyric Poem. Hull, 1814.
  • Resignation, a poem on the death of Princess Charlotte, Hull, 1817.
  • The Triumph of Christianity: a Missionary Poem, with Notes and other Poems. London, 1819.
  • The Soldier's Friend; or, Memorials of Brunswick: a Poem sacred to the memory of his Royal Highness Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Hull, 1828.
  • Lines on Education and Religion. Darlington, 1839.

Abbt, Thomas[edit]

  • Oxford Reference overview page [3]
  • OR synopsis: Thomas Abbt (1738—1766)
Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment [EE 2][edit]

  • Article Title: Abbt, Thomas [EEmissing 1]
  • Author: Bödeker, Hans Erich
  • Lead: (1738–1766), German philosopher. In 1756, after graduating from an academic secondary school (Gymnasium), the highly ...
MLA (from publisher):

Bödeker, Hans Erich. "Abbt, Thomas." Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. : Oxford University Press, 2002. Oxford Reference. 2005. Date Accessed 10 May. 2013 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195104301.001.0001/acref-9780195104301-e-002>.

Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)[OxfordCGL 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Abbt, Thomas [OxfordCGLmissing 1]
  • Lead: (Ulm, 1738–66, Bückeburg),son of a wig-maker, studied at Halle and became in 1760 a professor of philosophy at ...
MLA (from publisher):

"Abbt, Thomas." The Oxford Companion to German Literature. Eds. Garland, Henry, and Mary Garland. : Oxford University Press, 1997. Oxford Reference. 2005. Date Accessed 10 May. 2013 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780198158967.001.0001/acref-9780198158967-e-3>.

Bibliography[edit]

Abdy, Edward Strutt [DNB 17][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abdy, Edward Strutt
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abdy, Edward Strutt |volume=1|pages=30-31 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abdy, Edward Strutt". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 30–31. 
  • LEAD: ABDY, EDWARD STRUTT (1791–1846), writer on America, was the fifth and youngest son of Thomas Abdy Abdy, Esq., of Albyns, Essex, by Mary, daughter of James Hayes, of Holliport, a bencher of the Middle Temple.
References[edit]
  • Gent. Mag. N.S. xxvi. 667
  • MS. Addit. 19209, f. 6.
Works[edit]
  • Journal of a Residence and Tour in the United States of North America, from April 1833 to October 1834, 3 vols. Lond. 1835.
  • The Water Cure. Cases of Disease cured by Cold Water (translated from the German), with remarks addressed to people of common sense. London, 1842, 8vo, being a translation of a pamphlet by Von Falkenstein.

Abdy, Maria [DNB 18][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abdy, Maria
  • Author: Round, John Horace
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Round |first=John Horace |wstitle=Abdy, Maria |volume=1|page=31 }}
  •  Round, John Horace (1885). "Abdy, Maria". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 31. 
  • LEAD: ADBY, MARIA (d. 1867), poetess, was daughter of Richard Smith, by a sister of Horace and James Smith [see Smith, Horatio], and wife of the Rev. J. Channing Abdy.

À Beckett, Gilbert Abbott [DNB 19][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: À Beckett, Gilbert Abbott
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=À Beckett, Gilbert Abbott |volume=1|page=31 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "À Beckett, Gilbert Abbott". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 31. 
  • LEAD: À BECKETT, GILBERT ABBOTT (1811–1856), comic writer, was born at the Grange, Haverstock Hill, London, 9 Jan. 1811, being a member of an ancient Wiltshire family which claims direct descent from the father of St. Thomas à Becket, archbishop of Canterbury.

Many various works...editor, etc.

À Beckett, William [DNB 20][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: À Beckett, William
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=À Beckett, William |volume=1|page=32 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "À Beckett, William". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 32. 
  • LEAD: À BECKETT, Sir WILLIAM (1806–1869), chief justice of Victoria, was the eldest son of William à Beckett, and brother of Gilbert Abbott à Beckett [q. v.]
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Men of the Time (1868)
  • Dod's Peerage (1869), 83
  • Heaton's Australian Dict. of Dates, 1
  • Times, 1 July 1869, p. 10, col. 5
  • Catalogue of Printed Books in Brit. Mus.
Works[edit]
  • The Siege of Dumbarton Castle and other Poems, 1824.
  • A large number of the biographies in the Georgian Era, 4 vols., 1832–4.
  • A Universal Biography; including scriptural, classical, and mythological memoirs, together with accounts of many eminent living characters. The whole newly compiled and composed from the most recent and authentic sources, 3 vols., London [1835?], 8vo, "a compilation of little value" according to DNB
  • The Magistrates' Manual for the Colony of Victoria, Melbourne, 1852.
  • Out of Harness, London, 1854, containing notes on a tour through Switzerland and Italy.
  • The Earl's Choice and other Poems, London, 1863.
  • Legal judgments printed in collections of Reports.

Abel (d.764) [DNB 21][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abel (d.764)
  • Author: Lee, Sidney
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Lee |first=Sidney |wstitle=Abel (d.764) |volume=1|page=32 }}
  •  Lee, Sidney (1885). "Abel (d.764)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 32. 
  • LEAD: ABEL (d. 764), archbishop of Rheims, was a native of Scotland and Benedictine monk. In the early part of the eighth century he left England in company with Boniface, to aid him in his missionary work in Germany, and he did not again return to this country.
References[edit]
  • Dempster's Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Scotorum
  • Tanner's Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica
  • Bollandists' Acta SS. (Augustus), ii. 111–7
  • Ghesquière's Acta SS. Belgii, vi. 353
  • Breysig and Hahn's Jahrbücher des fränkischen Reichs (741–752)
  • Allgemeine deutsche Biographie
  • Migne's Hagiographique, i. 20
Works (unprinted?)=[edit]
  • Epistolæ ad Zachariam et Adrianum.
  • Ad Rhemensem Ecclesiam.
  • Ad Bonifacium Legatum.
  • Ad Lobienses Fratres.
  • Ad nuper Conversos.
  • De Mysteriis Fidei.

Abel, Clarke [DNB 22][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abel, Clarke
  • Author: Jackson, Benjamin Daydon
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Jackson |first=Benjamin Daydon |wstitle=Abel, Clarke |volume=1 |page=32-33 }}
  •  Jackson, Benjamin Daydon (1885). "Abel, Clarke". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 32-33. 
  • LEAD: ABEL, CLARKE (1780–1826), botanist, was born about 1780, educated for the medical profession, and on the occasion of Lord Macartney's mission to China was appointed physician on the staff of his lordship, but by the good offices of Sir Joseph Banks he was nominated naturalist with three assistants.
References[edit]
  • Biog. Nouv. Univ. i. 109
  • Abel's Narrative
  • Asiatic Journal, xxiii. (1827) 669
  • Gent. Mag. xcvii. pt. ii. (1827) 644
Works[edit]
  • Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China, 1816–7, London, 1818.

Abel, John [DNB 23][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abel, John
  • Author: Radford, Ernest
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Radford |first=Ernest |wstitle=Abel, John |volume=1 |page=33 }}
  •  Radford, Ernest (1885). "Abel, John". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 33. 
  • LEAD: ABEL, JOHN (1577–1674), was a distinguished architect of timber houses. He built the old town halls of Hereford and Leominster; the former destroyed in 1861, the latter in 1858. Both are illustrated by John Clayton in his ‘Ancient Timber Edifices of England,’ fol. 1846.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Price's Historical Account of Leominster, 1795
  • Nagler's Allgemeines Künstler-Lexicon
  • Duncomb's History and Antiquities of the County of Hereford, 1804.
  • John Clayton, Ancient Timber Edifices of England, fol. 1846
Cites[edit]
  • Price's Historical Account of Leominster, 1795

Abel, Karl Friedrich [DNB 24][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abel, Karl Friedrich
  • Author: Squire, William Barclay
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Squire |first=William Barclay |wstitle=Abel, Karl Friedrich |volume=1 |page=33-34 }}
  •  Squire, William Barclay (1885). "Abel, Karl Friedrich". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 33-34. 
  • LEAD: ABEL, KARL FRIEDRICH (1725–1787), a celebrated player on the viol-di-gamba, was the son of a musician, Christian Ferdinand Abel.
References[edit]
  • Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, i. 4 http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Dictionary_of_Music_and_Musicians
  • Mendel's Musikalisches Conversations-Lexicon, i. 5
  • Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, i. 13
  • P. Spitta's J. S. Bach, i. 616, 985
  • Burney's History of Music, iv. 678
  • Busby's History of Music, ii. 517
  • H. Angelo's Reminiscences, i. 19, 58, 184, 187, 190, 457
  • W. T. Parke's Musical Memoirs, i. 53, 62
  • Gent. Mag. lvii. part i. 549
  • European Magazine, v. 366
  • Notes and Queries, 4th ser. ix. 39

Abell, John [DNB 25][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abell, John
  • Author: Squire, William Barclay
  • {{Cite DNB|last= Squire|first=William Barclay |wstitle=Abell, John |volume=1 |page=34 }}
  •  Squire, William Barclay (1885). "Abell, John". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 34. 
  • LEAD: ABELL, JOHN (1660?–1716?), a celebrated lutenist and alto singer, was sworn a ‘gentleman of his majesty's chapel extraordinary’ 1 May 1679.
References[edit]
  • Grove's Dict. of Music, i. 5
  • Cheque Book of the Chapel Royal (Camden Society's Publications, 1872), pp. 17, 129
  • Evelyn's Diary (ed. 1850), ii. 163
  • Hawkins's History of Music (ed. 1853), ii. 725
  • Congreve's Literary Relics, p. 322
  • Tom Brown's Letters from the Dead to the Living (Works, 2nd ed. 1707), ii. 36
  • Mattheson's Der vollkommene Kapellmeister (1739)
  • Mendel's Musikalisches Conversations-Lexicon, vol. i
  • Ellis MSS. (Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 28883, 57)
  • British Museum Catalogue
  • Catalogue of Library of Royal College of Music.

Abell, Thomas [DNB 26][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abell, Thomas
  • Author: Gairdner, James
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Gairdner |first=James |wstitle=Abell, Thomas |volume=1 |page=34-35 }}
  •  Gairdner, James (1885). "Abell, Thomas". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 34-35. 
  • LEAD: ABELL, THOMAS (d. 1540), catholic martyr, studied at Oxford and took the degree of M.A. in 1516. Nothing else is known of his early life, nor when it was that he entered the service of Katharine of Aragon; but it was certainly before the year 1528, when he received a new year's gift from the king as her chaplain.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Wood's Athenæ Oxonienses
  • Calendar of State Papers of Henry VIII, vols. iv.–vii
  • Statute 25 Henry VIII, c. 12
  • Bourchier's Historia Ecclesiastica de Martyrio Fratrum (Ingolstadt, 1583)
  • Newcourt's Repertorium
Cites[edit]
  • Newcourt, Repertorium, ii. 84
  • Calendar of State Papers, Henry VIII, vol. v., Nos. 1256, 1432

Abell, William [DNB 27][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abell, William
  • Author: Lee, Sidney
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Lee |first=Sidney |wstitle=Abell, William |volume=1 |page=36 }}
  •  Lee, Sidney (1885). "Abell, William". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 36. 
  • LEAD: ABELL, WILLIAM (fl. 1640), alderman of London, was elected alderman of Bread Street ward in 1636. He was a vintner by trade, and in 1637 became sheriff of London and master of the Vintners' Company.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Gardiner's Hist. of England, viii. 286–7
  • Commons' Journal, vol. ii
  • Calendars of State Papers, 1638–41, 1652–3, 1655
  • Remembrancia, 14 n.
  • Rushworth's Collections, iv. 277–8
  • Catalogue of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum—Political and Personal—vol. i., where full accounts of the broadsides relating to Abell may be found.
Works relating to Abell (broadsides)[edit]
  • Thomas Heywood, 18 Dec. 1640, "a tract dealing with ‘a priest, a judge, and a patentee,’"
  • An Exact Legendary, compendiously containing the whole life of Alderman Abel, the maine Proiector and Patentee for the raising of Wines. (1641)
  • The Copie of a Letter sent from the Roaring Boyes in Elizium, to two errant Knights of the Grape in Limbo, Alderman Abel and Mr. Kilvert (1641)
  • Time's Alteration (1641)
  • The Last Discourse betwixt Master Abel and Master Richard Kilvert (1641)
  • A True Discovery of the Proiectors of the Wine Proiect
  • A true Relation of the Proposing, Threatening, and Perswading of the Vintners to yeeld to the Imposition upon Wines

Abercrombie, John (1726-1806) [DNB 28][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercrombie, John (1726-1806)
  • Author: Espinasse, Francis
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Espinasse |first=Francis |wstitle=Abercrombie, John (1726-1806) |volume=1 |page=36-37 }}
  •  Espinasse, Francis (1885). "Abercrombie, John (1726-1806)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 36-37. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBIE, JOHN (1726–1806), a writer on horticulture, was the son of a market gardener at Prestonpans, near Edinburgh.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Mean's Memoir in second edition of the Practical Gardener (1817)
  • Biographical Sketch prefixed to the 35th edition of the Gardener's Pocket Journal (1857)
  • Preface to Philip Miller's Gardener's Kalendar
  • Catalogue of the British Museum Library
Works[edit]
  • Every Man his own Gardener, being a new and more complete Gardener's Kalendar than any one hitherto published. (1767)
  • The British Fruit Gardener and Art of Pruning. (1779)
  • The Practical Gardener.
  • Gardener's Pocket Journal and Daily Assistant. (35th edition in 1857)
  • The Complete Forcing Gardener (1781)
  • The Complete Wall Tree Pruner (1783)
  • The Propagation and Botanical Arrangement of Plants and Trees, useful and ornamental (1784)
  • The Hot House Gardener on the general culture of the pineapple and method of pruning early grapes (1789)

Abercrombie, John (1780-1844) [DNB 29][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercrombie, John (1780-1844)
  • Author: Macdonell, George Paul
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Macdonell |first=George Paul |wstitle=Abercrombie, John (1780-1844) |volume=1 |page=37 }}
  •  Macdonell, George Paul (1885). "Abercrombie, John (1780-1844)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 37. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBIE, JOHN, M.D. (1780–1844), physician, was the only son of the Rev. George Abercrombie, one of the parish ministers of Aberdeen.
References[edit]
  • Edin. Med. and Surg. Journal, lxiii. 225
  • Witness, 23 Nov. 1844
  • Rev. J. Bruce's Funeral Sermon
  • Anderson's Scottish Nation, i. 3
  • Hogg's Instructor, iii. 145
  • Lobb's Abercrombie as a Text Book in the Calcutta University
  • Cockburn's Journal, ii. 203–4
Works[edit]
  • "A list of his early papers is given in Raige-Delorme and Dechambre's Dict. Encycl. des sciences médicales."
  • Pathological and Practical Researches on Diseases of the Brain and Spinal Cord, Edinburgh, 1828; 2nd edition, enlarged, 1829.
  • Pathological and Practical Researches on Diseases of the Stomach, the Intestinal Canal, the Liver, and the other Viscera of the Abdomen. Edinburgh, 1828.
  • Inquiries concerning the Intellectual Powers and the Investigation of Truth, Edinburgh, 1830.
  • The Philosophy of the Moral Feelings, London, 1833.
  • A collected edition of ‘Essays and Tracts,’ chiefly on moral and religious subjects, Edinburgh, 1847.

Abercromby, Alexander (1745-1795) [DNB 30][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, Alexander (1745-1795)
  • Author: Paul, James Balfour
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Paul |first=James Balfour |wstitle=Abercromby, Alexander (1745-1795) |volume=1 |page=38 }}
  •  Paul, James Balfour (1885). "Abercromby, Alexander (1745-1795)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 38. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, ALEXANDER, Lord Abercromby (1745–1795), Scotch judge and essayist, fourth and youngest son of George Abercromby, of Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, was born on 15 Oct. 1745.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Notice of Lord Abercromby by Henry Mackenzie in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, vol. iv. part 1, app. I.
Works[edit]
  • "Lord Abercromby's known contributions to literature consist of ten papers in the Mirror and nine in the Lounger"

Abercromby, Alexander (1784-1853) [DNB 31][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, Alexander (1784-1853)
  • Author: Stephens, Henry Morse
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Stephens |first=Henry Morse |wstitle=Abercromby, Alexander (1784-1853) |volume=1 |page=39 }}
  •  Stephens, Henry Morse (1885). "Abercromby, Alexander (1784-1853)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 39. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, ALEXANDER (1784–1853), colonel, was youngest son of Sir Ralph Abercromby, and was born in 1784.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
  • For his services see the Royal Military Calendar, vol. iv., and occasional allusions in the Wellington Despatches
  • for the battle of Albuera see Napier's Peninsular War, book xii. chaps. 6 and 7, and the discussion which arose on these chapters in the United Service Magazine and published pamphlets.

Abercromby, David [DNB 32][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, David
  • Author:
  • {{Cite DNB|last= |first= |wstitle=Abercromby, David |volume=1 |page=39-40 }}
  •  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Abercromby, David". Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 39-40. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, DAVID (d. 1701–2?), was a Scottish physician of the seventeenth century.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Abercromby's books, as cited
  • Catalogues of Scotch Writers (published in 1833 by Mr. James Maidment), p. 62.
Cites[edit]
  • Haller's Bibliotheca Medicinæ Pract. (4 vols. 4to, iii. 619, 1779)
Works[edit]
  • Nova Medicinæ Praxis (1685), reprinted Paris (1740)
  • Tuta ac efficax Luis Venereæ, sæpe absque Mercurio ac semper absque Salivatione mercuriali, curandæ Methodus (1684, 8vo), reprinted Paris (1690), Amsterdam (1691), Dresden (1702)
  • De Variatione et Varietate Pulsus Observationes (London and Paris, 1685)
  • Ars explorandi Medicas Facultates Plantarum ex solo Sapore (London, 1685–8, 12mo)
  • Opuscula (1687)
  • Discourse of Wit (1686)
  • Academia Scientiarum, or the Academy of Sciences; being a Short and Easie Introduction to the Knowledge of the Liberal Arts and Sciences, with the names of those famous authors that have written on any particular Science. In English and Latine (1687, 12mo)
  • A Moral Discourse of the Power of Interest; by David Abercromby, M.D. and Fellow of the Colledge of Physicians in Amsterdam (London, 1690, 12mo).
  • Protestancy to be Embrac'd; or a New and Infallible Method to Reduce Romanists from Popery to Protestancy. A Treatise of great Use to all His Majestie's Subjects, and necessary to prevent Errors and Popery. By David Abercromby, [M.]D., Lately Converted, after he had Profess'd near nineteen years Jesuitism and Popery. London, printed for the author by Thomas Hodgkin, 1682, 12mo; republished as Protestancy proved Safer than Popery (12mo, 1686)
  • Fur Academicus sive Academia Ornamentis Spoliata a Furibus, qui in Parnasso coram Apolline sistuntur, ubi Criminis sui accusantur et convincuntur Auctore Davide Abercrombio Scoto, M.D. Editio secunda, Amstelod. 1701 (12mo)
  • A Short Account of Scots Divines (1833)

Abercromby, James [DNB 33][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, James
  • Author: Henderson, Thomas Finlayson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Henderson |first=Thomas Finlayson |wstitle=Abercromby, James |volume=1 |page=40-41 }}
  •  Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1885). "Abercromby, James". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 40-41. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, JAMES, first Baron Dunfermline (1776–1858), third son of General Sir Ralph Abercromby [see Abercromby, Sir Ralph], was born 7 Nov. 1776. He was educated for the English bar, and was called at Lincoln's Inn in 1801, soon after which he obtained a commissionership of bankruptcy.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Gent. Mag. 3rd series, iv. 547–551
  • Annual Register, c. 403–5
  • Anderson, History of Edinburgh (1856)
  • Journal of Lord Cockburn (1874)
  • Memoirs of Lord Brougham, iii. 230–231
  • Greville Memoirs, ii. 333, iii. 95, 201, 204
  • Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th edit. i. 37., 213

Abercromby, John (d.1561?) [DNB 34][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, John (d.1561?)
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abercromby, John (d.1561?) |volume=1 |page41= }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abercromby, John (d.1561?)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 41. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, JOHN (d. 1561?) , a Scotch monk of the order of St. Benedict, was a staunch opponent of the doctrines of the Reformation, and on that account was condemned to death and executed about the year 1561
References[edit]
  • Dempster, Hist. Eccl. Gentis Scotorum, i. 28
  • Tanner, Bibl. Britannico-Hibernica
Works[edit]
  • Veritatis Defensio
  • Hæreseos Confusi

Abercromby, John (1772-1817) [DNB 35][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, John (1772-1817)
  • Author: Stephens, Henry Morse
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Stephens |first=Henry Morse |wstitle=Abercromby, John (1772-1817) |volume=1 |page=41-42 }}
  •  Stephens, Henry Morse (1885). "Abercromby, John (1772-1817)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 41-42. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, Sir JOHN (1772–1817), general, was the second son of the famous Sir Ralph Abercromby, and the elder of the two sons who followed their father's profession.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • For General John Abercromby's services in early life see the memoir of his father
  • for his services in Egypt see Sir R. Wilson's Campaign in Egypt
  • for the capture of the Mauritius see the despatches in the Annual Register and Gentleman's Magazine, the Asiatic Annual Register, and Lady Minto's Lord Minto in India

Abercromby, Patrick [DNB 36][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, Patrick
  • Author: Grosart, Alexander Balloch
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grosart |first=Alexander Balloch |wstitle=Abercromby, Patrick |volume=1 |page=42-43 }}
  •  Grosart, Alexander Balloch (1885). "Abercromby, Patrick". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 42-43. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, PATRICK (1656–1716?), Scottish antiquary and historical writer, was the third son of Alexander Abercromby of Fetterneir in Aberdeenshire, a branch of the house of Birkenbog in Banffshire, and which again was a migration from Abercromby of Abercromby in Fifeshire.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
  • Works as cited
  • Anderson's Scottish Nation
  • A. Chalmers's Biog. Dict.
  • G. Chalmers's Life of Ruddiman, pp. 58–9
  • Crawfurd's Peerage (1716), p. 167
  • art. in Encyc. Brit. 9th ed. by the present writer.
Works[edit]
  • Advantage of the Act of Security compared with those of the intended Union (Edinburgh, 1707)
  • A Vindication of the Same against Mr. De Foe (Edinburgh, 1707)
  • translation of M. Beaugué's L'Histoire de la Guerre d'Ecosse (1556), as ‘The History of the Campagnes, 1548 and 1549; being an exact account of the martial expeditions performed in those days by the Scots and French on the one hand, and the English and their foreign auxiliaries on the other; done in French by Mons. Beaugué, a French gentleman; with an introductory preface by the Translator (1707)
  • Martial Atchievements of the Scots Nation; being an account of the lives, characters, and memorable actions of such Scotsmen as have signaliz'd themselves by the sword at home and abroad; and a survey of the military transactions wherein Scotland or Scotsmen have been remarkably concern'd, from the first Establishment of the Scots Monarchy to this present Time. two folios, vol. i. 1711, vol. ii. 1716.

Abercromby, Ralph [DNB 37][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, Ralph
  • Author: Stephens, Henry Morse
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Stephens |first=Henry Morse |wstitle=Abercromby, Ralph |volume=1 |page=43-46 }}
  •  Stephens, Henry Morse (1885). "Abercromby, Ralph". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 43-46. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, Sir RALPH (1734–1801), the general who shares with Sir John Moore the credit of renewing the ancient discipline and military reputation of the British soldier, was born at Menstry, near Tullibody, in October 1734.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
  • "The best authority for his life is a short Memoir of his Father by James, Lord Dunfermline, published in 1861"
  • there are also short biographies in Gleig's Eminent British Military Commanders, vol. iii., and the Royal Military Panorama, vol. iii.
  • for the campaigns in Flanders see, besides the despatches, Sir H. Calvert's Journal
  • for the West Indian campaigns see the supplement to Bryan Edwards's History of the West Indies, and the Naval Histories of Brenton and James
  • for the expedition to Egypt consult Moore's Life of Sir John Moore, the various contemporary journals and magazines, and more particularly Sir Robert Wilson's Expedition to Egypt.

Abercromby, Robert (1534-1613) [DNB 38][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, Robert (1534-1613)
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abercromby, Robert (1534-1613) |volume=1 |page=46-47 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abercromby, Robert (1534-1613)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 46-47. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, ROBERT (1534–1613), a Scotch Jesuit, who, after entering the order, spent twenty-three years in assisting catholics abroad, and nineteen years on the Scotch mission, where he suffered imprisonment.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.1
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Oliver's Collectanea S. J. 16
  • Foley's Records, vii. 2.
Cites[edit]
  • Father Drew, in his Fasti S. J.

Abercromby, Robert (1740-1827) [DNB 39][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abercromby, Robert (1740-1827)
  • Author: Stephens, Henry Morse
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Stephens |first=Henry Morse |wstitle=Abercromby, Robert (1740-1827) |volume=1 |page=47-48 }}
  •  Stephens, Henry Morse (1885). "Abercromby, Robert (1740-1827)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 47-48. 
  • LEAD: ABERCROMBY, Sir ROBERT (1740–1827), military commander, was born at Tullibody, his father's seat in Scotland, in 1740, and was a younger brother of the more famous Sir Ralph.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • For Robert Abercromby's services see the Royal Military Calendar, 1820, vol. i.
  • for the campaigns in Mysore see Cornwallis's Correspondence, published 1861
  • and for his command-in-chief in India the Life of John, Lord Teignmouth, by his son
Cites[edit]
  • a private letter of the governor-general, Sir John Shore: "My respect for Sir Robert Abercromby has increased with my knowledge of his character. What he was at Bombay I know not; he has been here mild, conciliatory, and unassuming from the first, and it is only justice to him to declare that a more honourable, upright, and zealous man never served the company. I assure you with great truth that I have ever found him anxious to promote the public good, either by his own efforts or those of others. I certainly do not think his abilities equal to his situation, and there are few men who have abilities equal to it; but I believe that his have been under-estimated, and that his greatest fault is his good nature. He will retire with a very moderate fortune, for money was never his object: he thinks too little of it."

Abernethy, John (1680-1740) [DNB 40][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abernethy, John (1680-1740)
  • Author: Alexander Balloch
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grosart |first=Alexander Balloch |wstitle=Abernethy, John (1680-1740) |volume=1 |page=48-49 }}
  •  Grosart, Alexander Balloch (1885). "Abernethy, John (1680-1740)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 48-49. 
  • LEAD: ABERNETHY, JOHN (1680–1740), Irish dissenting clergyman, was born at Coleraine, co. Londonderry, Ulster, on 19 Oct. 1680. His father was then presbyterian minister there. His mother was a daughter of Walkinshaw of Walkinshaw, Renfrewshire, Scotland.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Life, by Duchal, prefixed to Sermons (1762)
  • Kippis's Biographia Britannica
  • Irish Presbyterian Church
  • Reid's Presbyterian Church in Ireland, iii. 234, seq.
  • MS. Diary, 6 vols. 4to.
Cites[edit]
  • A Diary—passages of which are given in Duchal's Life
  • a sermon on the text (Romans xiv. 5): ‘Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind
Works[edit]

"The works of Abernethy, other than his ecclesiastical writings, are still noticeable. The Biographia Britannica furnishes full details."

  • Seasonable Advice to the contending Parties in the North.
  • Discourses on the Divine Attributes
  • Posthumous Sermons (4 vols.)
  • Tracts (1751)

Abernethy, John (1764-1831) [DNB 41][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abernethy, John (1764-1831)
  • Author: Payne, Joseph Frank
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Payne |first=Joseph Frank |wstitle=Abernethy, John (1764-1831) |volume=1 |page=49-52 }}
  •  Payne, Joseph Frank (1885). "Abernethy, John (1764-1831)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 49-52. 
  • LEAD: ABERNETHY, JOHN (1764–1831), an eminent surgeon, was born in London 3 April 1764, the son of John Abernethy, a London merchant belonging to an Irish family of Scotch extraction, whose father and grandfather, both of the same name, were Irish nonconformist divines, the second in descent especially being of some eminence.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Macilwain's Memoirs of John Abernethy, London, 1853, where a portrait is given
  • Biog. Dict. of Useful Knowledge Society (memoir by James Paget)
  • Latham's Lectures on Clinical Medicine, London, 1836, p. 75.
Cites[edit]
  • Macilwain (Life of Abernethy, i. 16)
  • Surgical Works, vol. i. (1811) p. 6-10, p. 61
  • Brodie's Autobiography, p. 23
Works[edit]
  • three short papers on anatomical subjects in the Philosophical Transactions from 1793 to 1798.
  • in Surgical Observations, part ii. (1806)
  • in Surgical Works, vol. i. (1811)
  • Surgical and Physiological Essays. Part i. On Lumbar Abscess, &c., 1793; Part ii. On Matter perspired, &c., by the Skin, 1793; Part iii. Injuries of the Head, &c., 1797.
  • Surgical Observations on Tumours, &c., 1804. Part ii. Disorders of the Digestive Organs, &c., 1806.
  • Surgical Works (containing the surgical papers of the above, with additions), 2 vols. 1811, and later.
  • Account of Disease in the Upper Maxillary Sinus (Transactions of Society for Improvement of Medical and Surgical Knowledge, 1800).
  • An Inquiry into Mr. Hunter's Theory of Life, 1814.
  • Physiological Lectures, 1817.
  • Introductory Lecture exhibiting Mr. Hunter's Opinions respecting Life and Disease, 1819.
  • The Hunterian Oration, 1819, 4to.
  • Reflections on Gall and Spurzheim's System of Physiognomy and Phrenology, 1821.
  • Lectures on Surgery, 1830; also in Lancet, 1824–5; reprinted 1828. (All the above, except three early physiological papers, are included in the Works, 4 vols. 1830.)
  • Three Memoirs in Philosophical Transactions: On Two Malformations, 1793; On Anatomy of the Whale, 1796; On the Foramina Thebesii, 1798.
  • Memoir on a Case of Heart-disease in Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, vol. i. 1806.

Abershaw, Louis Jeremiah [DNB 42][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abershaw, Louis Jeremiah
  • Author: Lee, Sidney
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Lee |first=Sidney |wstitle=Abershaw, Louis Jeremiah |volume=1 |page=52 }}
  •  Lee, Sidney (1885). "Abershaw, Louis Jeremiah". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 52. 
  • LEAD: ABERSHAW or AVERSHAWE, LOUIS JEREMIAH (1773?–1795), generally known as Jerry Abershaw, was a notorious highwayman, and was for many years the terror of the roads between London, Kingston, and Wimbledon.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Knapp and Baldwin's Newgate Calendar, iii. 241–3
  • Criminal Recorder (1804), i. 28–32
  • The Oracle and Public Advertiser for 31 July 1795 and 4 Aug. 1795
  • Hon. G. C. Grantley Berkeley's Life and Recollections, i. 198
  • Brayley and Mantell's History of Surrey, iii. 56
  • Timbs's English Eccentrics (1875), p. 546
  • Gent. Mag. (4th series) iv. 79
  • Walford's Old and New London, vi. 335, 497
Cites[edit]
  • Pink's History of Clerkenwell, ed. Wood, p. 355
  • Oracle and Public Advertiser, Tuesday, 4 Aug. 1795
  • a pamphlet on his career, entitled ‘Hardened Villany Displayed,’ published soon after his death

Abington, Frances [DNB 43][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abington, Frances
  • Author: Cook, Edward Dutton
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cook |first=Edward Dutton |wstitle=Abington, Frances |volume=1 |page=52-53 }}
  •  Cook, Edward Dutton (1885). "Abington, Frances". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 52-53. 
  • LEAD: ABINGTON, FRANCES (1737–1815), actress, was of obscure origin. Her maiden name was Frances or Fanny Barton. Of her mother she knew nothing; her father, having served as a private soldier in the King's Guards, kept a cobbler's stall in Vinegar Yard; her brother was an ostler in Hanway Yard. After she had risen to fame and prosperity, her descent was traced to a certain Christopher Barton, Esq., of Norton, Derbyshire, who at the accession of William III left four sons, a colonel, a ranger of one of the royal parks, a prebendary of Westminster, and the grandfather of Frances Barton.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Secret History of the Green Rooms, 1790
  • Genest's History of the Stage, 1832
  • Boaden's Life of Mrs. Jordan, 1831
  • Hours with the Players, 1881
Cites[edit]
  • miscellaneous, non-specific

Abney, Thomas (1640-1722) [DNB 44][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abney, Thomas (1640-1722)
  • Author: Grant, Arthur Henry
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grant |first=Arthur Henry |wstitle=Abney, Thomas (1640-1722) |volume=1 |page=54-55 }}
  •  Grant, Arthur Henry (1885). "Abney, Thomas (1640-1722)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 54-55. 
  • LEAD: ABNEY, Sir THOMAS (1640–1722), lord mayor of London, was born in January 1639–40 at Willesley, Derbyshire, where his ancestors had enjoyed an estate for upwards of five hundred years, now, with Willesley Hall, in the possession of Charles Edward Abney-Hastings, earl of Loudoun.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Jeremiah Smith's Memoirs of Sir Thomas Abney, in The Magistrate and the Christian, 8vo, London, 1722
  • Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica (1790), vol. ii.
  • Nichols's History of the County of Leicester, iii. part 2, fol. London, 1804
  • Wilson's History of Dissenting Churches and Meeting Houses in London, Westminster, and Southwark (1808), i. 296–7
  • Orridge's Citizens of London and their Rulers
  • Thornbury and Walford's Old and New London, v. c. 44
  • Marshall's Genealogist (1881), vol. v
Cites[edit]
  • Wilson, History of Dissenting Churches, i. 297
  • Marshall, Genealogist, 1881, p. 90
  • Golding, Historical Account of St. Thomas's Hospital, 8vo, London, 1819
  • Daily Post, 8 Feb. 1722

Abney, Thomas (d.1750) [DNB 45][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abney, Thomas (d.1750)
  • Author: Grant, Arthur Henry
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grant |first=Arthur Henry |wstitle=Abney, Thomas (d.1750) |volume=1 |page=55 }}
  •  Grant, Arthur Henry (1885). "Abney, Thomas (d.1750)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 55. 
  • LEAD: ABNEY, Sir THOMAS (d. 1750), justice of the common pleas, was the younger son of Sir Edward Abney (elder brother of Sir Thomas Abney [q. v.], lord mayor of London), by his second wife, Judith, daughter and co-heir of Peter Barr, of London.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p. 2
References[edit]
  • Foss's Judges of England, viii. 96–7, 8vo, London, 1864.

Abraham, Robert [DNB 46][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Abraham, Robert
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Abraham, Robert |volume=1 |page=56 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Abraham, Robert". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 56. 
  • LEAD: ABRAHAM, ROBERT (1773–1850), a London architect, was the son of a builder, and educated as a surveyor. At the conclusion of the war in 1815, when an impetus was given to architecture by Nash in his projected plans for the improvement of the metropolis, Abraham placed himself in a high position as an architect.
References[edit]
  • The Builder, viii. 598, 602
  • Art Journal (1851), 44
  • Redgrave's Dict. of Artists (1878)

Acca [DNB 47][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acca
  • Author: Creighton, Mandell
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Creighton |first=Mandell |wstitle=Acca |volume=1 |page=56-57 }}
  •  Creighton, Mandell (1885). "Acca". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 56-57. 
  • LEAD: ACCA (d. 740), fifth bishop of Hexham (709–732), was a native of Northumbria, and was brought up from childhood in the household of Bosa, who was made bishop of York in 678 in the place of Wilfrid.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Bede, Historia Ecclesiastica, book v. chaps. 19, 20
  • Eddius, Vita Wilfridi, in Gale's Scriptores, i. 53, &c.
  • Simeon of Durham, De Gestis Regum Anglorum, in Twysden, Decem Scriptores, 94, &c.
  • also ed. G. Hinde for Surtees Society, s. a. 740
  • Richard of Hexham, in Raine's Priory of Hexham (Surtees Society), i. 18
  • The best modern account is given in Raine's Preface, xxx–xxxiv
Cites[edit]
  • Bede, H. E. iv. 14–15
  • H. E. iii. 13
  • Eddius, ch. 54, 62, 22
  • "Bede mentions Acca as his authority for several things which he narrates in his ‘History’ (iii. 13, iv. 14)."
  • Twysden, 96, &c
  • Bedæ Op. ed. 1563, v. 175; also Raine's Priory of Hexham, i. 33
  • Richard of Hexham (p. 35) records a story…
  • Simeon, in Twysden, 101
  • "His miracles are recorded by Simeon of Durham, s. a. 740, and by Aelred, abbot of Rievaux (Raine, i. 184)."

Accum, Friedrich Christian [DNB 48][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Accum, Friedrich Christian
  • Author: Rodwell, George Farrer
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Rodwell |first=George Farrer |wstitle=Accum, Friedrich Christian |volume=1 |page=57 }}
  •  Rodwell, George Farrer (1885). "Accum, Friedrich Christian". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 57. 
  • LEAD: ACCUM, FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN (1769–1838), chemist, was born in Buckebourg, in Westphalia, in 1769. In 1793 he came to London, and engaged in some science work, which led to the delivery of a course of lectures on chemistry and physics in 1803 at the Surrey Institute, and to the publication in that and the following years of several treatises on chemistry and mineralogy, including a ‘System of Chemistry’ in 1803, an ‘Essay on the Analysis of Minerals’ in 1804, and a ‘Manual of Analytical Mineralogy’ in 1808.
References[edit]
  • Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (1875)
  • Meusel's Das gelehrte Teutschland
  • Neuer Nekrolog der Deutschen, xvi. 628
Works[edit]
  • System of Chemistry (1803)
  • Essay on the Analysis of Minerals (1804)
  • Manual of Analytical Mineralogy (1808)
  • Practical Treatise on Gas Light (1815; 3rd ed. 1816)
  • Description of the Process of manufacturing Coal Gas (1819; 2nd ed. 1820)
  • Chemical Amusement (London, 1817, 4th edit. 1819)
  • Adulterations of Food and Culinary Poisons (London, 1820, 2nd edit. 1820)
  • Physische und chemische Beschaffenheit der Baumaterialen (Berlin, 1826)
  • Crystallography (London, 1813)
  • Chemical Reagents (London, 1816)
  • Chalybeate Spring at Thetford (1819)
  • Brewing (London, 1820)
  • Art of making Wine (London, 1820)
  • Culinary Chemistry (London, 1821)
  • Art of making wholesome Bread (London, 1821).

Acherley, Roger [DNB 49][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acherley, Roger
  • Author: Grant, Arthur Henry
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Grant |first=Arthur Henry |wstitle=Acherley, Roger |volume=1 |page=57 }}
  •  Grant, Arthur Henry (1885). "Acherley, Roger". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 57. 
  • LEAD: ACHERLEY, ROGER (1665?–1740), lawyer, constitutional writer, and politician, was the son and heir of John Acherley of Stanwardine, or Stottesden, Shropshire, where he was the representative of a long-established family. Roger was admitted a student of the Inner Temple on 6 March 1685, and called to the bar on 24 May 1691 (Inner Temple Register).
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Appeals to the House of Lords, 1725
  • Appendix to Acherley's Free Parliaments, 1731
  • Nash's History and Antiquities of Worcestershire, 1781, vol. i
  • Kemble's State Papers and Correspondence, London, 1857
Cites[edit]
  • Inner Temple Register
  • London Daily Post, 21 March 1740
Works[edit]
  • The Britannic Constitution; or, the Fundamental Form of Government in Britain, fol. London, 1727
  • a second edition, issued in 1759, incorporated ‘Reasons for Uniformity in the State, being a Supplement to the Britannic Constitution,’ which first appeared in 1741.
  • Free Parliaments; or, an Argument on their Constitution: proving some of their powers to be independent. To which is added an Appendix containing several original Letters and Papers which passed between the Court of Hanover and a gentleman at London, in the years 1713 and 1714, touching the right of the Duke of Cambridge to reside in England and sit in Parliament. By the author of the Britannic Constitution,8vo, London, 1731
  • (anonymous) ‘The Jurisdiction of the Chancery as a Court of Equity researched,’ 8vo, London, 1733, third edition, 1736.

Ackermann, Rudolph [DNB 50][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Ackermann, Rudolph
  • Author: Tedder, Henry Richard
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Tedder |first=Henry Richard |wstitle=Ackermann, Rudolph |volume=1 |page=58-59 }}
  •  Tedder, Henry Richard (1885). "Ackermann, Rudolph". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 58-59. 
  • LEAD: ACKERMANN, RUDOLPH (1764–1834), fine-art publisher and bookseller, was born 20 April 1764, at Stolberg in Saxony. His father, a coach-builder and harness-maker, removed in 1775 to Schneeberg, where Rudolph received his education and entered his father's workshop.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Notes and Queries, 4th series, iv. 109, 129, 5th series, ix. 346, x. 18
  • Didaskalia (Frankf. a. Main), No. 103, 13 April 1864
  • Gent. Mag. 1834, i. 560
  • Annual Biography, 1835
Cites[edit]
  • Repository of Arts, &c., 1817, p. 225
  • see A short Account of the successful Exertions [of R. Ackermann] on behalf of the Fatherless and Widows after the War in 1814, Oxf. priv. pr. 1871, 16mo
Works[edit]

"A list of his numerous fine-art publications is contained in the two excellent articles by W[yatt] P[apworth] in ‘Notes and Queries’ for 1869"

  • A complete Course of Lithography, by J. A. Senefelder, translated from the German by A. S[chlichtegroll], 4to, was issued in 1819 by Ackermann
  • ‘Dr. Syntax's Tour in search of the Picturesque’ first appeared in Ackermann's ‘Poetical Magazine,’ 1809–11, under the title of the ‘Schoolmaster's Tour.’
  • ‘The Microcosm of London,’ 1808–11, 3 vols. 4to; ‘Westminster Abbey,’ 1812, 2 vols. 4to; ‘University of Oxford,’ 1814, 2 vols. 4to; ‘University of Cambridge,’ 1815, 2 vols. 4to; ‘Colleges of Winchester, Eton, Westminster, &c.,’ 1816, 4to. W. H. Pyne and William Combe supplied the text for these antiquarian works, the plates being drawn by A. Pugin, Rowlandson, Nash, and others.
  • His remarkable series of ‘Picturesque Tours’ in elephant 4to includes ‘The Rhine,’ by J. G. von Gerning, 1820; ‘Buenos Aires and Monte Video,’ by Vidal, 1820; ‘English Lakes,’ by Fielding and Walton, 1821; ‘The Seine,’ by Pugin and Gendall, 1821; ‘The Ganges and Jumna,’ by C. R. Forrest, 1824; ‘India,’ by R. M. Grindlay (atlas folio), 1826; and ‘The Thames,’ by Westall and Owen, 1828. The ‘World in Miniature,’ 43 vols. 12mo, 637 plates, was commenced in 1821 by T. Rowlandson, and finished in 1826 by W. H. Pyne.

Ackland, Thomas Gilbank [DNB 51][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Ackland, Thomas Gilbank
  • Author: no contributor recorded
  • {{Cite DNB|last= |first= |wstitle=Ackland, Thomas Gilbank |volume=1 |page=59 }}
  •  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Ackland, Thomas Gilbank". Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 59. 
  • LEAD: ACKLAND, THOMAS GILBANK (1791-1844), divine, was educated at the Charterhouse and St. John's College, Cambridge.
General[edit]
  • Gent. Mag. N.S. xxi. 659.

Acland, Christian Henrietta Caroline [DNB 52][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acland, Christian Henrietta Caroline
  • Author: Courtney, William Prideaux
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Courtney |first=William Prideaux |wstitle=Acland, Christian Henrietta Caroline |volume=1 |page=59-60 }}
  •  Courtney, William Prideaux (1885). "Acland, Christian Henrietta Caroline". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 59-60. 
  • LEAD: ACLAND, Lady CHRISTIAN HENRIETTA CAROLINE, generally called Lady Harriet (1750-1815), was the third surviving daughter of Stephen, first earl of Ilchester, and was born on 3 Jan. 1749-50. In Nov. 1770 she was married, at Redlynch Park, Somersetshire, to John Dyke Acland [see Acland, John Dyke].
References[edit]
  • Gent. Mag. 1815, pt. ii. p. 186
  • Burgoyne's State of the Expedition from Canada (1780)
  • Mag. of American Hist. vol. iv. p. 49
  • Leslie and Taylor's Life of Sir J. Reynolds, i. 439
  • Lippincott's Mag. xxiv. 452–8 (1879)
  • E. B. de Fonblanque's Political and Military Episodes from Correspondence of Gen. Burgoyne (1876), pp. 301–302
  • Travels in America by an Officer (i.e. Lieut. Anburey), 1789, ii. 61–63

Acland, John (d.1613) [DNB 53][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acland, John (d.1613)
  • Author:
  • {{Cite DNB|last= |first= |wstitle=Acland, John (d.1613) |volume=1 |page=60 }}
  •  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Acland, John (d.1613)". Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 60. 
  • LEAD: ACLAND, Sir JOHN (d. 1613), was the second son of John Acland, of Acland in Landkey, Devonshire, who married Mary, daughter and coheir of Hugh Redcliff of Stepney.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
  • Prince's Worthies of Devon
  • Visitations of Devon and Somerset
  • Boase's Exeter College

Acland, John (fl.1753-1796) [DNB 54][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acland, John (fl.1753-1796)
  • Author: Espinasse, Francis
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Espinasse |first=Francis |wstitle=Acland, John (fl.1753-1796) |volume=1 |page=60-61 }}
  •  Espinasse, Francis (1885). "Acland, John (fl.1753-1796)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 60-61. 
  • LEAD: ACLAND, JOHN (fl. 1753–1796), author of a pamphlet on pauperism, was the second son of John Acland, of Woodly, Yorkshire, M.P. for Callington, and the younger brother of Sir Hugh Acland, sixth baronet of Columb-John, co. Devon.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Family Communications
  • Acland's Pamphlet
  • Parliamentary History, xxi. 1279
Cites[edit]
  • Polwhele's History of Devonshire, 1793, ii. 197
  • "an abstract of Acland's crude plan in Eden's State of the Poor (i. 373–80)."
  • House of Commons (see Thomas Gilbert's speech there, 10 Dec. 1787)
Works[edit]
  • A Plan for rendering the Poor independent on Public Contributions, founded on the basis of the Friendly Societies, commonly called Clubs, by the Rev. John Acland, one of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County of Devon. To which is added a Letter from Dr. Price containing his sentiments and calculations on the subject. Tua res agitur. Exeter and London, 1786.
  • Of a second pamphlet by Acland, in refutation of Edward King's attempt to prove the public utility of the national debt, the ‘Gentleman's Magazine’ for November 1796 contains a brief and approving notice. There is no copy of this pamphlet in the library of the British Museum.

Acland, John Dyke [DNB 55][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acland, John Dyke
  • Author: Courtney, William Prideaux
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Courtney |first=William Prideaux |wstitle=Acland, John Dyke |volume=1 |page=61 }}
  •  Courtney, William Prideaux (1885). "Acland, John Dyke". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 61. 
  • LEAD: ACLAND, JOHN DYKE (d, 1778), soldier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Acland, who married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Dyke of Tetton, in Somerset.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
  • Corresp. of George III and Lord North, i. 262, 300
  • Hansard for 1775
  • Leslie and Taylor's Reynolds, i. 348, 357

Acland, Thomas Dyke [DNB 56][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acland, Thomas Dyke
  • Author: Courtney, William Prideaux
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Courtney |first=William Prideaux |wstitle=Acland, Thomas Dyke |volume=1 |page=62 }}
  •  Courtney, William Prideaux (1885). "Acland, Thomas Dyke". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 62. 
  • LEAD: ACLAND, Sir THOMAS DYKE (1787–1871), politician and philanthropist, was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, who married the only daughter of Sir Richard Hoare, and was born in London on 29 March, 1787.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
  • J. B. Sweet's Life of Henry Hoare
  • Exeter Western Times

Acland, Wroth Palmer [DNB 57][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acland, Wroth Palmer
  • Author: Stephens, Henry Morse
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Stephens |first=Henry Morse |wstitle=Acland, Wroth Palmer |volume=1 |page=62-63 }}
  •  Stephens, Henry Morse (1885). "Acland, Wroth Palmer". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 62-63. 
  • LEAD: ACLAND, Sir WROTH PALMER, K.C.B. (1770–1816), lieutenant-general, was son of Arthur Palmer Acland, of Fairfield, and nephew of Sir Thomas Acland, Bart., and entered the army in 1787 as ensign in the 17th regiment.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
  • for General Acland's services see Philippart's Royal Military Calendar, 1st edition, 1815
  • for the battle of Vimeiro, Napier's Peninsular War, book ii. chap. 5

Acontius, Jacobus [DNB 58][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acontius, Jacobus
  • Author: Tedder, Henry Richard
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Tedder |first=Henry Richard |wstitle=Acontius, Jacobus |volume=1 |page=63-65 }}
  •  Tedder, Henry Richard (1885). "Acontius, Jacobus". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 63-65. 
  • LEAD: ACONTIUS, JACOBUS, latinized from Aconzio, Aconcio, or Concio, Jacopo (1500?–1566?), jurist, philosopher, theologian, and engineer, was born at Trent in the Tyrol about the beginning of the sixteenth century.
References[edit]
General[edit]
  • Gerdes, Specimen Italiæ Reform.; ejusd. Orig. Eccles. in Belgio Ref.
  • Mazzuchelli, Scrittori d'Italia
  • Tiraboschi, Storia della Lett. It. vii. 375, 474
  • Bayle, Dictionnaire Critique
  • Chaufepié, Nouveau Dict.
  • Guichard, Hist. du Socinianisme
  • Hallam's Lit. Hist.
  • Strype's Grindal
  • Cat. of Books &c. of Dutch Church at Guildhall
  • Burn's Hist. of French &c. Refugees
  • Dugdale's Hist, of Imbanking
  • Cal. of State Papers (Dom. 1547–80, 1601–3, and App.
Cites[edit]
  • Crussius (Crenii Animadv. pt. ii. 32)
  • Ancillon (Mélange critique, i. 24–9)
Works[edit]
  • ‘J. Acontius de Methodo, h. e. de recta investigandarum tradendarumque scientiarum ratione,’ Basileæ, ap. P. Pernam, 1558. First edition, reprinted at Geneva in 1582 ap. Eustathium Vignon, ‘multo quam antea castigatius;’ again at Lugd. Bat. 1617, sm. 8vo, and in G. J. Vossii et aliorum de studiorum ratione opuscula,’ Ultraj. 1651, sm. 8vo.
  • ‘Satanæ Stratagemata libri octo, J. Acontio authore, accessit eruditissima epistola de ratione edendorum librorum ad Johannem Vuolfium Tigurinum eodem authore,’ Basileæ, ap. P. Pernam, 1565, 4to. The genuine first edition, of extreme rarity. Bibliographers are unaware of the existence of two editions of this year. The one usually quoted is in smaller type, and is entitled ‘Stratagematum Satanæ libri octo,’ &c. Basileæ, ap. P. Pernam, 1665, sm. 8vo. Reprinted Basileæ, 1582, 8vo, and ‘curante Jac. Grassero,’ ib. 1610, 8vo, ib. ap. Waldkirchium, 1616, ib. 1618, ib. 1620, Amst. 1624, Oxon. G. Webb, 1631, sm. 8vo, Lond. 1648, Oxon. 1650, Amst. Jo. Ravenstein, 1652, sm. 8vo, ib. 1674, sm. 8vo, Neomagi, A. ab. Hoogenhuyse, 1661, sm. 8vo. The French translation is ‘Les Ruses de Satan receuillies et comprinses en huit liures,’ Basle, P. Perne, 1565, 4to; printed with the same type as the first Latin 4to, wanting the ‘Ep. ad Wolfium’ and the index. The first issue of the English translation is called ‘Satan's Stratagems, or the Devil's Cabinet-Council discovered . . . together with an epistle written by Mr. John Goodwin and Mr. Durie's letter concerning the same,’ London, J. Macock, sold by J. Hancock, 1648, 4to. The date of Thomason's copy (British Museum) has been altered by him to 1647; he purchased it on 14 Feb. The translator announces that if the work found favour he would finish it, but only the first four books were published. There are three dedications — one to the parliament, one to Fairfax and Cromwell, and one to John Warner, lord mayor. The stock seems to have been sold to W. Ley, who issued it with a new title, ‘Darkness Discovered, or the Devil's Secret Stratagems laid open,’ &c., London, J. M. 1651, 4to, with a doubtfully authentic etching of ‘James Acontius, a Reverend Diuine.’ Thomason dated his copy July 7. A German translation came out at Bâle in 1647, sm. 8vo, and a Dutch version, Amst. 1662, 12mo.
  • ‘Eruditissima epistola de ratione edendorum librorum ad Johannem Vuolfium Tigurinum.’ Dated Londini, 12 kal. Dec. 1562, first published in the Latin ‘Stratagemata’ 1565, and to be found in the subsequent editions, but in none of the translations; printed separately Chemnitz, Mauke, 1791, 8vo.
  • ‘Una essortazione al Timor di Dio, con alcune rime italiane, nuovamente messe in luce [da G. B. Castiglione],’ Londra, appresso Geo. Wolfio, s.a., 8vo. Dedicated to Elizabeth. Chaufepié is the only person who seems to have seen this very rare little piece. The printer learnt his art in Italy. He worked between 1579 and 1600, and brought out many Italian books.
  • ‘Epistola apologetica pro Hadr. Haemstadio et pro seipso.’ Written in 1562 or 1563, says Gerdes, who reprinted it (Scrinium Antiquarium, vii. part i. 123) from the archives of the Dutch church, now in the Guildhall library; contains much information respecting Hamstedius, the Dutch church, and the writer.
  • ‘Epistola . . . Londini 8 idus Junii, 1566.’ Reproduced from the archives of the Dutch church by Crussius (Crenii Animadv. ii. 131). It is not known to whom the letter was addressed.
  • ‘Ars muniendorun oppidorum.’ Acontius refers to this in his ‘Ep. ad Wolfium’ as having been first written in Italian and afterwards translated into Latin while in England. Mazzuchelli says, ‘Ital. et Lat. Genevæ, 1585,’ but no such book can be traced.
  • A manuscript on the use and study of history, written in Italian, and presented by Acontius to the Earl of Leicester in August 1564, is preserved at the Record Office. It is not spoken of by any of the authorities, although made use of in the following interesting little octavo volume, dedicated to the Earl of Leicester: ‘The true order and methode of wryting and reading hystories, according to the precepts of Francesco Patricio and Accontio Tridentino, by Thomas Blundevil,’ Lond. W. Seres, 1574. The compiler states that he ‘gathered his work partly out of a little written treatyse, which myne olde friende of good memorie, Accontio, did not many yeares since present to your Honour in the Italian tongue.’
  • ‘Liber de Dialectica.’ An unfinished work with this title is referred to in the ‘Epistola ad Wolfium,’ with the remark that the world was soon to enter upon a much more enlightened era.

Acton, Charles Januarius Edward [DNB 59][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acton, Charles Januarius Edward
  • Author: Cooper, Thompson
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Cooper |first=Thompson |wstitle=Acton, Charles Januarius Edward |volume=1 |page=65 }}
  •  Cooper, Thompson (1885). "Acton, Charles Januarius Edward". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 65. 
  • LEAD: ACTON, CHARLES JANUARIUS EDWARD (1803–1847), cardinal, was the second son of Sir John Francis Acton, the sixth baronet, of Aldenham Hall, near Bridgnorth, Shropshire, by his marriage (for which a papal dispensation had been obtained) with Mary Anne, daughter of his brother, Joseph Edward Acton, a lieutenant-general in the service of the Two Sicilies, and governor of Gaeta.
References[edit]
  • Catholic Directory (1843), 149 (with portrait)
  • Card. Wiseman's Recollections of the last four Popes (1858), 475–480
  • Ferdinando Amarante, Sonnetti dedicati a Miledi Marianna Acton, madre del Cardinale; British Catholicity, its Position and Wants, addressed to Cardinal Acton (Edinb. 1844)
  • Gent. Mag. N. S. xxviii. 670
  • Foster's Peerage (1881), 9
  • Lodge's Genealogy of the Peerage and Baronetage (1859), 592

Acton, Edward [DNB 60][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acton, Edward
  • Author: Laughton, John Knox
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Laughton |first=John Knox |wstitle=Acton, Edward |volume=1 |page=66 }}
  •  Laughton, John Knox (1885). "Acton, Edward". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 66. 
  • LEAD: ACTON, EDWARD (d. 1707), captain in the navy, presumably a grandson of Sir Edward Acton, the first baronet, attained that rank in October 1694, and continued in active service through the war that was then raging.
References[edit]
  • Official letters, &c., in the Public Record Office
  • Mémoires du Comte de Forbin (1729), ii. 231

Acton, Eliza [DNB 61][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acton, Eliza
  • Author: Humphreys, Jennett
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Humphreys |first=Jennett |wstitle=Acton, Eliza |volume=1 |page=66-67 }}
  •  Humphreys, Jennett (1885). "Acton, Eliza". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 66-67. 
  • LEAD: ACTON, ELIZA (1799–1859), authoress, daughter of John Acton, brewer, of Hastings, afterwards of Ipswich, Suffolk, was born at Battle, Sussex, 17 April, 1799.
References[edit]
  • Clarke's History of Ipswich, p. 445
  • Gent. Mag. 1859; Suffolk Garland
  • private correspondence
Works[edit]
  • by subscription, a volume of poems, at Ipswich, in 1826
  • A second edition, again of 500 copies and by subscription, was published in 1827.
  • 1835 Miss Acton contributed a poem, ‘The Two Portraits,’ anonymously, to the ‘Sudbury Pocket Book.’
  • 1836, in the same annual, she published ‘Original Poetry by Miss Acton, author of the “Two Portraits.”’
  • 1838 she published the ‘Chronicles of Castel-Framlingham’ in ‘Fulcher's Sudbury Journal.’
  • 1842 she published another poem, ‘The Voice of the North,’
  • 1845, after further fugitive poems, Miss Acton had completed the popular work, ‘Modern Cookery,’ with which she is chiefly associated; a second and a third edition of it were called for the same year; a fourth and fifth in 1846; with numerous editions in successive years.
  • In May 1857 she brought out her last work, ‘The English Bread-Book,’ treating of the various ways of making bread, and of the constituent parts of various bread-stuffs.

Acton, Henry [DNB 62][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Acton, Henry
  • Author: Humphreys, Jennett
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Humphreys |first=Jennett |wstitle=Acton, Henry |volume=1 |page=67 }}
  •  Humphreys, Jennett (1885). "Acton, Henry". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 67. 
  • LEAD: ACTON, HENRY (1797–1843), unitarian divine, was born at Lewes, Sussex, 10 March 1797, where his father was parish clerk at St. John's.
References[edit]
  • James, Memoir and Sermons
  • Christian Reformer, x. 604, 665, 755
Works[edit]
  • many sermons, pamphlets, lectures, and statements, of which a full list is given in James's ‘Memoir’ (p. xcvii).


Adam, Robert [DNB 63][edit]

Dictionary of National Biography

DNB[edit]

  • Article title: Adam, Robert
  • Author: Monkhouse, William Cosmo
  • {{Cite DNB|last=Monkhouse |first=William Cosmo |wstitle=Adam, Robert |volume=1 |page=88-89 }}
  •  Monkhouse, William Cosmo (1885). "Adam, Robert". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 88-89. 
  • LEAD: ADAM, ROBERT (1728-1792) architect, was the most celebrated of the four brothers Adam, John, Robert, James, and William, whose relationship is commemorated in the name Adelphi, given to the buildings erected by them between the Strand and the Thames on an estate known before as Durham Yard.
  • Errata: Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904), p.2
References[edit]
  • Ruins of Diocletian Palace by Robert Adam
  • the Works in Architecture of R. and J. Adam
  • Encyclopedia Britannica
  • Gent. Mag. 1792
  • Redgrave's Dict.
  • Fergusson's History of Architecture
  • Annual Register, 1771, 1773, 1792
Works[edit]
  • his journal was printed in the ‘Library of the Fine Arts' (of a 1754 trip to Diocletions Palace)
  • in 1764 he published a folio volume with numerous engravings by Bartolozzi and others, after his drawings of the palace.
  • In 1773 the brothers Robert and James commenced the publication of their ‘Works in Architecture,’ in folio parts, which was continued at intervals till 1778 and reached the end of the second volume. In 1822 the work was completed by the posthumous publication of a third volume, but the three bound up together do not make a thick book.
A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (2 ed.)

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture [ADALA 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [ADALAmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: (1728–92). One of the most celebrated of British architects, decorators, and interior designers in the later part of ...
Bibliography[edit]
A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.)

A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.) [OxfordDBH 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [OxfordDBHmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adam, Robert (1728–92). Scottish architect…
Bibliography[edit]
Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment [EE 3][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [EEmissing 2]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adam, Robert (1728–1792), architect. Adam was the most famous of the four sons of the Scottish architect William Adam...
Bibliography[edit]
The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts [GroveEncycDA 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [GroveEncycDAmissing 1]
  • Lead: Adam, Robert (b Kirkcaldy, Fife, 3 July 1728; d London, 3 March 1792).Architect and designer, second…
MLA (from publisher):

"Adam, Robert." The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts. Ed. Campbell, Gordon. : Oxford University Press, 2006. Oxford Reference. 2006. Date Accessed 10 May. 2013 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195189483.001.0001/acref-9780195189483-e-0011>.

Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to British History (1 rev ed.)

The Oxford Companion to British History (1 rev ed.) [OxfordCBH 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [OxfordCBHmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adam, Robert (1728–92). Scottish architect who, with his brothers John (1721–92) and James (1730–94), trained in ...
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to the Garden

The Oxford Companion to the Garden [OxfordCG 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [OxfordCGmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adam, Robert (1728–92), Scottish architect, son of William Adam.
Bibliography[edit]
An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age [OxfordCRA 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [OxfordCRAmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adam, Robert (1728–92), architect and designer.
Bibliography[edit]
World Encyclopedia

World Encyclopedia [WorldEncyc 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adam, Robert [WorldEncycmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adam, Robert (1728–92) Scottish architect, ...
Bibliography[edit]

Adams, John[edit]

  • Oxford Reference overview page [4]
  • OR synopsis: John Adams (1735—1826) president of the United States of America
The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature [COxfordCAL 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [COxfordCALmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826), 2nd President of the U.S. (1797–1801), was born in Braintree (now Quincy), Mass., graduated from…
Bibliography[edit]
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.)

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.) [COxfordDictP 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [COxfordDictPmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826) American revolutionary politician and political theorist.…
Bibliography[edit]
A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.)

A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.) [OxfordDWH 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [OxfordDWHmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826) US Federalist statesman, 2nd President of the USA (1797–1801). He was a key figure in…
Bibliography[edit]
Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment [EE 4][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [EEmissing 3]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826), American statesman, political philosopher, and second president of the United States (1796–1800)…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to American Law

The Oxford Companion to American Law [OxfordCALit 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [OxfordCALitmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John. Born 30 October 1735 in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts, and died there on 4 July 1826.…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.) [OxfordCAL 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [OxfordCALmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826), 2nd President of the U.S. (1797–1801), was born in Braintree (now Quincy), Mass., graduated from…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to United States History

The Oxford Companion to United States History [OxfordCUSH 1][edit]

  • Article Title: [OxfordCUSHmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826), second President of the United States
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military [OxfordEDUSM 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [OxfordEDUSMmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826) 2nd president of the United States, diplomat, and member of the Continental Congress, born in Braintree…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government [OxfordGUSG 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [OxfordGUSGmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead:Adams, John. 2nd President; Born: Oct. 19, 1735, Braintree, Mass.; Political party: Federalist; Education: Harvard College, A.B., 1755 …
Bibliography[edit]
World Encyclopedia

World Encyclopedia [WorldEncyc 2][edit]

  • Article Title: Adams, John [WorldEncycmissing 2]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Adams, John (1735–1826) Second US president (1797–1801).
Bibliography[edit]

Addison, Joseph[edit]

  • Oxford Reference overview page [5]
  • OR Quick reference: Joseph Addison (1672—1719) writer and politician
The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (3 ed.)

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (3 ed.) [COxfordCEL 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph </ref>[COxfordCELmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719), was educated at Charterhouse with Steele.…
Bibliography[edit]
The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.) [COxfordCT 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [COxfordCTmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719), English politician and man of letters, author of Cato, a tragedy on the French classical model…
Bibliography[edit]
The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy [ContEncycBP 1][edit]

Bibliography[edit]
A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.)

A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed.) [OxfordDBH 2][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordDBHmissing 2]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719). English writer and politician.…
Bibliography[edit]
A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (2 ed.)

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (2 ed.) [DictWaW 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [DictWaWmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719) English poet, essayist, dramatist, and statesman…
Bibliography[edit]
Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics [EncycAsthetics 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [EncycAstheticsmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719), English poet, play-wright, and politician. Addison's most important contributions…
Bibliography[edit]
Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment [EE 5][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [EEmissing 4]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719), English writer and statesman. Addison, the son of an Anglican clergyman, was educated at Lichfield Grammar School…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.) [OxfordCEL 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordCELmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719) Essayist, educated at Charterhouse with Richard Steele…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare [OxfordCS 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordCSmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719), poet, playwright, and essayist, most famous as an author, with Sir Richard Steele, of the Spectator papers.…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance [OxfordCTaP 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordCTaPmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719) English writer and editor. Although Addison is now mostly remembered for…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Companion to Western Art

The Oxford Companion to Western Art [OxfordCWG 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordCWGmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719). English writer and statesman.&hellip.
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.) [OxfordDA 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordDAmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (b Milston, nr. Amesbury, Wiltshire, 1 May 1672; d London, 17 June 1719). English writer and statesman.…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature [OxfordEncycBL 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordEncycBLmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Joseph Addison (1672–1719) was famous throughout…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance [OxfordETP 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordETPmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719) English writer and editor.…
Bibliography[edit]
The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.) [OxfordGLBaI 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordGLBaImissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719), poet, essayist, and statesman: b. Milston; educ. Amesbury, Lichfield, London.…
Bibliography[edit]
Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens [OxfordRCD 1][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [OxfordRCDmissing 1]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719), essayist, classical scholar, and Whig statesman…
Bibliography[edit]
World Encyclopedia

World Encyclopedia [WorldEncyc 3][edit]

  • Article Title: Addison, Joseph [WorldEncycmissing 3]
  • Author:
  • Lead: Addison, Joseph (1672–1719) English essayist, poet, and politician.…
Bibliography[edit]

User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Alembert, Jean Le Rond d' User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Allen, Ethan User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Almon, John User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Ames, Fisher User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/André, Yves-Marie User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Aranda, Pedro Pablo, Conde de User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Argens, Jean-Baptiste d' User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Arnauld, Antoine User:Revent/Biography/sources/A/Astell, Mary


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