User:Sabine's Sunbird/newzealandbird

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Birds of New Zealand

  • B Breeds
  • M Overwintering migrant
  • I Introduced
  • R Resident nonbreeder
  • X Extinct
  • A star* indicates species is endemic to Fiji

Kiwis[edit]

Order: Struthioniformes Family: Apterygidae

Apterygidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes
Great Spotted Kiwi
Apteryx haastii*
B
Little Spotted Kiwi
Apteryx owenii*
B B
Okarito Brown Kiwi
Apteryx rowi*
B
Tokoeka
Apteryx australis*
B
North Island Brown Kiwi
Apteryx mantelli*
B

Moas[edit]

Order: Struthioniformes Family: Dinornithidae

Dinornithidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Upland Moa
Megalapteryx didinus*
X
Bush Moa
Anomalopteryx didiformis*
X X
Coastal Moa
Euryapteryx curtus*
X
South Island Broad-billed Moa
Euryapteryx geranoides*
X
Eastern Moa
Emeus crassus*
X
Crested Moa
Pachyornis australis*
X
Heavy-footed Moa
Pachyornis elephantopus *
X
Mappin's Moa
Pachyornis mappini *
X
North Island Giant Moa
Dinornis novaezealandiae
X
South Island Giant Moa
Dinornis robustus
X

Penguins[edit]

Order: Sphenisciformes Family: Spheniscidae

The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. There are 17 species worldwide and species which occur in New Zealand.

Spheniscidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
King Penguin
Aptenodytes patagonicus
Emperor Penguin
Aptenodytes forsteri
Gentoo Penguin
Pygoscelis papua
Adelie Penguin
Pygoscelis adeliae
Chinstrap Penguin
Pygoscelis antarctica
Rockhopper Penguin
Eudyptes chrysocome
B B B B
Fiordland Penguin
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus*
B
Snares Penguin
Eudyptes robustus*
B
Erect-crested Penguin
Eudyptes sclateri*
B B
Macaroni Penguin
Eudyptes chrysolophus
Yellow-eyed Penguin
Megadyptes antipodes *
B B B
Blue Penguin
Eudyptula minor
B B B V
Magellanic Penguin
Spheniscus magellanicus

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in New Zealand.


Podicipedidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australasian Grebe
Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
B B
New Zealand Dabchick
Poliocephalus rufopectus*
B X
Hoary-headed Grebe
Poliocephalus poliocephalus
V
Great Crested Grebe
Podiceps cristatus
B

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and species which occur in New Zealand.

Family
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Wandering Albatross
Diomedea exulans
P
Antipodean Albatross
Diomedea antipodensis*
B B B
Southern Royal Albatross
Diomedea epomophora*
B B
Northern Royal Albatross
Diomedea sanfordi*
B B B
Black-footed Albatross
Phoebastria nigripes
V
White-capped Alabtross
Thalassarche steadi
B B B
Salvin's Albatross
Thalassarche salvini
B B
Chatham Albatross
Thalassarche eremita*
B
Black-browed Albatross
Thalassarche melanophrys
B B B
Campbell Albatross
Thalassarche melanophrys*
B
Grey-headed Albatross
Thalassarche chrysostoma
B
Buller's Albatross
Thalassarche bulleri
B B B B
Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross
Thalassarche carteri
P
Dark-mantled Sooty Albatross
Phoebetria fusca
V
Light-mantled Sooty Albatross
Phoebetria palpebrata
B B B

Shearwaters and Petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and species which occur in New Zealand.

Procellariidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Southern Giant Petrel
Macronectes giganteus
P
Northern Giant Petrel
Macronectes halli
B B B B B
Southern Fulmar
Fulmarus glacialoides
P
Antarctic Petrel
Thalassoica antarctica
V
Cape Petrel
Daption capense
B B B B B B
Tahiti Petrel
Pseudobulweria rostrata
V
Great-winged Petrel
Pterodroma macroptera
B
White-headed Petrel
Pterodroma lessonii
B B? B
Phoenix Petrel
Pterodroma alba
V
Mottled Petrel
Pterodroma inexpectata*
X B B
Providence Petrel
Pterodroma solandri
V
Kermadec Petrel
Pterodroma neglecta
B
Magenta Petrel
Pterodroma magentae*
B
Soft-plumaged Petrel
Pterodroma mollis
B
Juan Fernandez Petrel
Pterodroma externa
V
White-necked Petrel
Pterodroma cervicalis
B
Cook's Petrel
Pterodroma cookii*
B B
Gould's Petrel
Pterodroma leucoptera
V
Black-winged Petrel
Pterodroma nigripennis
B B B
Chatham Petrel
Pterodroma axillaris*
B
Stejneger's Petrel
Pterodroma longirostris
V
Pycroft's Petrel
Pterodroma pycrofti*
B
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Blue Petrel
Halobaena caerulea
P
Broad-billed Prion
Pachyptila vittata
B B B
Salvin's Prion
Pachyptila salvini
P
Antarctic Prion
Pachyptila desolata
B
Slender-billed Prion
Pachyptila belcheri
P
Fulmar Prion
Pachyptila crassirostris
B B B B
Fairy Prion
Pachyptila turtur
B B B B B
Grey Petrel
Procellaria cinerea
B B
White-chinned Petrel
Procellaria aequinoctialis
B B B
Parkinson's Petrel
Procellaria parkinsoni*
B
Westland Petrel
Procellaria westlandica*
B
Kerguelen Petrel
Lugensa brevirostris
P
Cory's Shearwater
Calonectris diomedea
V
Pink-footed Shearwater
Puffinus creatopus
V
Flesh-footed Shearwater
Puffinus carneipes
B
Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Puffinus pacificus
B
Buller's Shearwater
Puffinus bulleri*
B
Sooty Shearwater (Titi)
Puffinus griseus
B B B B B B B
Short-tailed Shearwater
Puffinus tenuirostris
P
Christmas Shearwater
Puffinus nativitatis
V
Manx Shearwater
Puffinus puffinus
V
Hutton's Shearwater
Puffinus huttoni *
B
Fluttering Shearwater
Puffinus gavia*
B
Scarlett's Shearwater
Puffinus spelaus*
X
Little Shearwater
Puffinus assimilis
B B B

Storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and species which occur in New Zealand.

Hydrobatidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Wilson's Storm-Petrel
Oceanites oceanicus
P
Grey-backed Storm-petrel
Oceanites nereis
B B B
New Zealand Storm-petrel
Oceanites maorianus*
B?
White-faced Storm-petrel
Pelagodroma marina
B B B B B
Black-bellied Storm-petrel
Fregetta tropica
B B B
White-bellied Storm-petrel
Fregetta grallaria
B

Diving petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Pelecanoididae

The diving petrels are small auk-like birds found in the southern oceans. They feed on krill, copepods and small fish and squid. There are 4 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in New Zealand.


Family
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Common Diving-Petrel
Pelecanoides urinatrix
B B B B B B B
South Georgia Diving-petrel
Pelecanoides georgicus
B B

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occur in New Zealand.

Phaethontidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Red-tailed Tropicbird
Phaethon rubricauda
B

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occur in New Zealand.

Pelecanidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australian Pelican
Pelecanus conspicillatus
V

Boobies and Gannets[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in New Zealand.

Sulidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australasian Gannet
Morus serrator
B B
Masked Booby
Sula dactylatra
B
Brown Booby
Sula leucogaster)
V

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and species which occur in New Zealand.


Phalacrocoracidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Black Shag
Phalacrocorax
B B B
Pied Shag
Phalacrocorax varius
B B
Little Black Shag
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
B B
Little Shag
Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
B B B
Spotted Shag
Stictocarbo punctatus*
B B
Pitt Island Shag
Stictocarbo feastherstoni*
B
King Shag
Leucocarbo carunculatus*
B
Stewart Island Shag
Leucocarbo chalconotus*
B
Campbell Shag
Leucocarbo campbelli*
B
Auckland Shag
Leucocarbo colensoi*
B
Bounty Shag
Leucocarbo ranfurlyi*
B
Chatham Shag
Leucocarbo onslowi*
B

Darters[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in New Zealand.


Anhingidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Australian Darter
Anhinga novaehollandiae
V V

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occurs in New Zealand.


Fregatidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Lesser Frigatebird
Fregata ariel
V
Great Frigatebird
Fregata minor
V

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and species which occur in New Zealand.

Family
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
White-necked Heron
Ardea pacifica
V V
White Heron (Kotuku)
Ardea alba
M B
Intermediate Egret
Ardea intermedia
V V
Cattle Egret
Ardea ibis
V M M M V V V
White-faced Heron
Egretta novaehollandiae
V B B B V V V
Little Egret
Egretta garzetta
V V V
Reef Heron
Egretta sacra
V B B V V
New Zealand Little Bittern
Ixobrychus novaezelandiae*
X X X

Ibises and Spoonbills[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Chile.

Threskiornithidae
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Glossy Ibis
Plegadis falcinellus
V V
Australian White Ibis
Threskiornis molucca
V V
Royal Spoonbill
Platalea regia
B B
Yellow-billed Spoonbill
Platalea flavipes
V

Ducks, Geese and Swans[edit]

Order: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Chile.

Family
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Plumed Whistling Duck
Dendrocygna eytoni
V V
Mute Swan
Cygnus olor
I I
Black Swan
Cygnus atratus[1]
B B B
Canada Goose
Branta canadensis
V I I V V
Cape Barren Goose
Cereopsis novahollandiae
V V
North Island Goose
Cnemiornis gracilis*
X
South Island Goose
Cnemiornis calcitrans *
X
Feral Goose
Anser anser
I I
Paradise Shelduck (Putangitangi)
Tadorna variegata*
V B B X
Australian Shelduck
Tadorna tadornoides
V V V V
Australian Wood Duck
Chenonetta jubata
V V
Finsch's Duck
Chenonetta finschi*
X X
Blue Duck (Whio)
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos*
B B
Scarlett's Duck
Malacorhynchus scarletti*
X X X
Pink-eared Duck
Malacorhynchus membranaceus
V
Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos
I I I I I I I
Grey Duck
Anas superciliosa
B B B B B B B
Grey Teal
Anas gracilis
B B
Chestnut Teal
anas castanea
V V
Brown Teal
Anas chlorotis*
B B
Auckland Islands Teal
Anas aucklandica*
B
Campbell Island Teal
Anas nesiotis*
B
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial


Family
Species Kermadecs North I South I Chathams Snares Auckland Campbell Antipodes Bounty
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
Species
binomial
  1. ^ The Black Swan is possibly self introduced as well as being introduced