User:Sam.roebuck/Milecastle 0

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Milecastle 0
Coordinates 54°59′16″N 1°31′56″W / 54.98791°N 1.53231°W / 54.98791; -1.53231
List of places
UK
Milecastle 0
Milecastle 0 is located in Tyne and Wear
Milecastle 0
Milecastle 0
Milecastle 0 shown within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ300660
Coordinates 54°59′16″N 1°31′56″W / 54.98791°N 1.53231°W / 54.98791; -1.53231
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear

If it had existed, Milecastle 0 would have been a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. No evidence of this milecastle has been found, but if it was ever built, it would be co-located with the fort of Segedunum. It is unknown whether the decision to establish forts on the line of the wall predated the decision to extend the wall to Wallsend, so it is possible that this milecastle was never built, but its existence has been suggested by Peter Hill.[1].

Construction[edit]

Nothing is known of the construction of Milecastle 0.

Excavations and investigations[edit]

No excavations or investigations have taken place specifically for Milecastle 0. No evidence has been found during excavation of Segedunum.

Associated Turrets[edit]

Each milecastle on Hadrian's Wall had two associated turret structures. These turrets were positioned approximately one-third and two-thirds of a Roman mile to the west of the Milecastle, and would probably have been manned by part of the milecastle's garrison. The turrets associated with Milecastle 0 are known as Turret 0A and Turret 0B.

Turret 0A[edit]

Nothing is known of this Turret.
Presumed site: 54°59′14″N 1°32′12″W / 54.987261°N 1.536619°W / 54.987261; -1.536619 (Turret 0A)

Turret 0B[edit]

Turret 0B (St Francis) is located east of St Francis Community Centre[2]. It was first noted by John Horsley in 1732 who mistook it for Milecastle 1.[3]
Eric Birley (still understanding it to be Milecastle 1) considered that it was rediscovered by Canon Fowler in 1877[4], and the structure was also recorded (and identified as a Turret) by John Collingwood-Bruce[5] and Robert Blair [6] , when it was discovered during the digging for foundations of 'The Grange'. The Turret was confirmed as such by Grace Simpson with reference to an article in The Evening Chronicle on 15th August 1936, which described an extension of Stotts Road, Walker which cut through 'the Roman Wall and one of its turrets near the Grange'. The turret's stones were later removed to Carville Chapel grounds to form rock gardens.[7]

A single course of this Turret was unearthed in 1978.[2]
Location: 54°59′07″N 1°32′36″W / 54.985265°N 1.543440°W / 54.985265; -1.543440 (Turret )0B)

Monument Records[edit]

Monument Monument Number National Monuments Record Number
Milecastle 0 None None
Turret 0A 24774 (alternative - 26532) NZ 26 NE 1 (alternative - NZ 36 NW 7)
Turret 0B 24777 NZ 26 NE 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne (2001), Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity (5th Series - Vol. 29 - 2001), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, pp. 3–18 
  2. ^ a b Breeze, David J (1934), Handbook to the Roman Wall (14th Revised edition - Nov 2006), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, ISBN 0901082651 
  3. ^ Horsley, John (1732), Britannia Romana, London: John Osborne and Thomas Longman 
  4. ^ Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne (1960), Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity (4th Series - Vol. 38 - 1960), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, pp. 40–46 
  5. ^ Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne (1886), Archaeologia Aeliana : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne (Vol. 2 - 1886), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, p. 190 
  6. ^ Blair, Robert (1895), Handbook to the Roman Wall (4th edition), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, pp. 40–46 
  7. ^ Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne (1975), Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity (5th Series - Vol. 3 - 1975), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, pp. 105–115 

Bibliography[edit]

{{Milecastles}} [[Category:Milecastles of Hadrian's Wall|00]]