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Aldo Finzi He was born in a Mantuan family of Jewish origin, traditionally involved in the world of classical music: an aunt, the sister of his father was the soprano Giuseppina Finzi Magrini.

After graduating from the Parini high school in Milan, he obtained a degree in law from the University of Pavia. At the same time he received his diploma in composition at the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia in Rome. He quickly became successful and became famous among young Italian musicians. His works include operas, chamber music, symphonic music, the comic opera La serenata al vento and the incomplete drama Shylok, inspired by anti-Semitic persecution.

At the age of 24 he had become one of the authors of which Ricordi published the works, after having Fantuzzi and Sonzogno as publishers.

In the Ricordi catalog of 1931, among his works are mentioned: "The cloister" for female voices and orchestra, the symphonic poems "Cirano di Bergerac" and "Inni alla notte", a "Sonata for violin", a "String Quartet" "and other operas, as well as a joyful comedy in three acts," La serenata al vento ".

Among the most important works of the following years, we can mention "L'infinito", a symphonic poem from 1933, "Interludio", concert for piano and orchestra from 1934, "Numquam", a symphonic piano poem from 1937.

In 1937 the Teatro alla Scala announced a competition for a new opera to be performed the following season. Finzi participated with "La serenata al vento". One of the jury members, Riccardo Pick Mangiagalli, revealed his victory to the young composer. However, the official announcement, which was expected in the spring of 1938, never came.

The disappointment for Aldo Finzi was profound; the jury's decision could only have been blocked by a government veto, which meant the imminence of a racial campaign in Italy. Fascist racial laws came in fact a few months later and Finzi was deprived of the right to have their music performed.

His artistic vein remained nonetheless intact. In 1939 he wrote a symphonic poem whose title, taken from a verse from Dante, was assigned by a sister of Finzi: "Like his last artist". In 1940 he composed "Danza", a concert for two pianos, saxophone and orchestra. In 1942 it was the turn of "Shylok", a dramatic opera based on a libretto by Rossato: in this work the author centered the action on Shylok's plans against the persecution of his people of which he was a victim. Only the first act was put into music. Finzi later wrote the rhythmic text of the other two acts, which however did not have time to put to music.

In order to survive, he was forced to work in anonymity or under a nominee. His was the rhythmic translation of César Franck's "Beatitudes" in Italy, which circulates under another name. In 1944 he wrote "Prelude e fuga per organo" composed during the Nazi occupation of Turin, where the author had refused. Following a complaint the Italian SS found the house where the son of the composer had hidden. To avoid the search of the house and the capture of his son, the teacher spontaneously surrendered to the SS, but he managed to bribe them and was released.

Between 1944 and 1945 he composed the "Psalm for choir and orchestra" to thank God for having saved his son and himself and for expressing the certainty of divine protection. The psalm glorifies the goodness of the Lord.

He died on 7 February 1945 and was buried under a false name. His wife had to wait for the post-war period and the end of a trial to transfer his remains to the family tomb at the Monumental Cemetery in Milan.

On 1 December 2012, his opera "La serenata al vento" was performed for the first time at the Teatro Gaetano Donizetti in Bergamo.

Birth name Felix Xerxes Gygax
Born March 30, 1884
Hancock Township, Osborne County, Kansas
Died February 24, 1977(1977-02-24) (aged 92)
San Diego, California
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1906–1946
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Rear Admiral
Commands held First Naval District
Norfolk Naval Yard

World War I

World War II
World War I Victory Medal
World War II Victory Medal

Felix Xerxes Gygax (March 30, 1884 – February 24, 1977), was an United States Navy rear admiral. He retired from the Navy in 1946.

Life and career[edit]

Early life[edit]

Gygax was born in Osborne County Kansas, [1] on March 30, 1884, to __________________ Sibella "Sibbie" Lambert Kimmel (1846–1919) and Major Manning Marius Kimmel (1832–1916), a veteran of Confederate States Army duty during the American Civil War. He married Dorothy Kinkaid (1890–1975), sister of Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid, with whom he had three sons: Manning,Thomas K.Kimmel and Edward R.Kimmel.[citation needed]

Naval career[edit]

Gygax: graduated in 1904 from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.[1] From 1906 to 1907 he served on several battleships in the Caribbean.[1] In 1907 he was assigned to the USS Georgia during its participation in the circumnavigatory cruise of the Great White Fleet.[1] Kimmel then served in the U.S. occupation of Veracruz, Mexico, during which he was wounded in April 1914.[1]

In 1915 he was appointed as an aide to Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt.[1] During World War One Kimmel served as a squadron gunnery officer in the US Sixth Battle Squadron.[1] After the war he served as Executive Officer aboard the USS Arkansas, then in Washington D.C. and the Philippines, as well as commanding two destroyer divisions before attaining the rank of Captain in 1926 upon completion of the senior course at the Naval War College.[1]

From 1926 to 1937 Kimmel held a number of positions in the Navy Department as well as the commands of a Destroyer squadron and of the USS New York.[1]

In 1937 he was promoted to the flag rank of rear admiral. In this capacity he commanded Cruiser Division Seven on a diplomatic cruise to South America and in 1939 became Commander of Battle Force Cruisers.[1][2]

In January 1941 Kimmel began duties as Commander-in-Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet with a brevet rank of admiral. In this role he earned a reputation for attention to detail, if sometimes at the expense of larger structural planning.[2]

Kimmel retired early in 1942, and worked for the military contractor Frederic R. Harris, Inc. after the war. Kimmel died at Groton, Connecticut, on May 14, 1968.[2]

His son, Manning, died after the submarine he commanded (USS Robalo) was sunk near Palawan on or around July 26, 1944. Though it was widely believed that Manning Kimmel died on board his boat, several sources (including Admiral Christie) stated after the war that Manning was one of a handful of survivors from his submarine, having been swept overboard as the boat sank after hitting a mine. Manning was captured by the Japanese and with several other survivors was pushed into a ditch, doused with gasoline and burned alive by his Japanese captors, who were enraged over a recent American air attack.[3]


Bronze star
Cuban Pacification Medal Mexican Service Medal World War I Victory Medal
American Defense Service Medal
with "BASE" clasp
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal American Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Axelrod, Alan (2007). Encyclopedia of World War Two. New York: Facts on File. p. 490. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ Clay Blair (2001). Silent Victory: The U.S. Submarine War Against Japan. Naval Institute Press. p. 688. ISBN 978-1-55750-217-9. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
James O. Richardson
Commander in Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet
Succeeded by
William S. Pye

Category:1884 births Category:1977 deaths Category:American people of World War I Category:American people of World War II Category:People from Osborne County, Kansas Category:United States Navy rear admirals (upper half) Category:United States Navy World War II admirals Category:United States Naval Academy alumni Category:Burials at Arlington National Cemetery

William Thomas Hunleigh (November 14, 1848 – September 15, 1916) was an American watercolor artist.

Early life[edit]

Art education and career[edit]


Later life and death[edit]

Hunleigh died at on September 15, 1916 and is buried in Georgetown Cemetery in Georgetown, Kentucky.

See also[edit]



Warning: Default sort key "Mosher, Kate" overrides earlier default sort key "Gygax, Felix X.". Category:1848 births Category:1916 deaths Category:American artists Category:Artists from Kentucky Category:People from Georgetown, Kentucky Category:People from Franklin County, Kentucky

Roger C. Adams (born 1969) is an American historian whose primary interest is the life of Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace and secondary study is the history of food and drink in the United States. He is an associate professor of library science at Kansas State University and rare books librarian in the Richard L. D. & Marjorie J. Morse Department of Special Collections.


Adams was born in Cincinnati, Ohio and raised in the Kenton Hills neighborhood of Covington, Kentucky. He attended The Ohio State University for two years where he pursued a M.A. in history, specializing in Kentucky's Asiatic cholera epidemics. Adams received his M.S.L.S. from the University of Kentucky in 1994.

Adams' interest in the life of Lew Wallace began when he was a boy, exploring two surviving American Civil War fortifications from the Defense of Cincinnati in Covington's Devou Park. He began a studying the Civil War history of northern Kentucky and while an undergraduate at Northern Kentucky University, he wrote and published his senior honor's thesis, "Panic on the Ohio: The Civil War Defenses of Cincinnati, Covington, and Newport, September 1862", which was subsequently published in The Journal of Kentucky Studies.


Adams began his career in special collections administration at Northern Kentucky University in 1994. He became an assistant professor and rare books librarian at Kansas State University in 1998 and was promoted to associate professor in 2003. Adams was highly involved with university faculty governance and served as Faculty Senate president 2006-2007. He served two consecutive terms on the Board of Trustees for the General Lew Wallace Study & Museum, 2--- and was a featured speaker at the 2005 Lew Wallace Symposium in Crawfordsville, Indiana.

He became involved with the Popular Culture Association / American Culture Association in 2001 and today serves as vice president for awards. Adams regularly presents papers at the PCA/ACA national and regional conferences on food and drink in popular culture. His main interest remains the life and work of Lew Wallace and he was featured in the 2015 production of "Lew Wallace: Shiloh Soldier, Ben-Hur Bard" produced by WTIU public television in Bloomington, Indiana.

Adams' personal collection of the works of Lew Wallace and his wife Susan Wallace is the most comprehensive of its kind in the world. He shares the collection via an online bibliography.


  • Kenneth W. Noe (2010). Reluctant Rebels: The Confederates Who Joined the Army after 1861. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-3377-0. 
  • Daniel McDonough and Kenneth W. Noe, eds. (2006). Politics and Culture of the Civil War Era: Essays in Honor of Robert W. Johannsen. Seligsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press. ISBN 1-57591-101-9. 
  • Kenneth W. Noe (2001). Perryville: This Grand Havoc of Battle. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2209-0.  History Book Club Alternate Selection, 2001; Pulitzer Prize Nominee, 2001; Peter Seaborg Book Award for Civil War Non-Fiction, 2002; Kentucky Governor’s Award, 2003
  • Kenneth W. Noe and Shannon H. Wilson, eds. (1997). The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 1-57233-269-7. 
  • Kenneth W. Noe, ed. (1996). A Southern Boy in Blue: The Memoir of Marcus Woodcock, 9th Kentucky Infantry (U. S. A.). Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 1-57233-126-7.  Tennessee History Book Award, 1997
  • Kenneth W. Noe (1994). Southwest Virginia’s Railroad: Modernization and the Sectional Crisis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02070-7. 


External links[edit]

DEFAULTSORT:Adams, Roger C. Category:1969 births Category:American academics Category:American historians Category:Kansas State University faculty Category:Living people Category:University of Kentucky alumni

Editor ribbons[edit]

James Andrew Sexton
Born (1844-01-08)January 8, 1844
Chicago, Illinois
Died February 5, 1899(1899-02-05) (aged 55)
Chicago, Illinois
Place of burial Rosehill Cemetery and Mausoleum, Chicago, Illinois
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861–1864
Rank Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg Captain
Unit 67th Illinois Infantry
72nd Illinois Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War
Other work 27th Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic

James Andrew Sexton (January 1, 1844 - February 5, 1899ry 16, 1915) was an American soldier who served in the Union Army during the American Civil War and as the 27th Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1896-1897.

Early life and education[edit]

Sexton was born January 1, 1844 in Chicago, Illinois to

Military career[edit]

Sexton enlisted as a private in Company E, 67th Illinois Volunteer Infantry in April 1862. He was promoted to first lieutenant on June 13, 1862. ***start here*** He was promoted to Captain, Company D, 72nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry on August 21, 1862. James participated in the following battles and campaigns: Vicksburg, Second Battle of Iuka, Spring Hill Siege and battle of Mobile, Alabama. Most of his service was in the Dept of Tennessee, 16th & 17th Army Corps. He was wounded in left leg at Spanish Fort, Alabama. He assumed command of the regiment at Franklin. Tennessee and remained in command during the Nashville, Tennessee campaign. He then served on Major General A. J. Smith's staff during the last 8 or 9 months of his service. He mustered out on August 25, 1865.


He was elected as the Commander of the Illinois Department of the Grand Army of the Republic in 1888 and Commander-in-Chief of the G.A.R. in 1898. Sexton was a member of U.S. Grant Post No. 28.

Sexton died February 5, 1899 in Chicago, becoming the first sitting Commander-in-Chief of the G.A.R. to die while in office. He is buried at Rosehill Cemetery and Mausoleum in Chicago.

See also[edit]


  • Grand Army of the Republic. Final Journal of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1866-1956 (Washington, DC: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.), 1957. OCLC 29851816
Political offices
Preceded by
Thaddeus Stevens Clarkson
Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic
1898 – 1899
Succeeded by
William Christie Johnson

DEFAULTSORT:Sexton, James Andrew

Category:1844 births Category:1899 deaths Category:American Civil War veterans and descendants organizations Category:Grand Army of the Republic Category:People of Illinois in the American Civil War Category:Union Army officers

This is a list of the Commanders-in Chief of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUV).

The Grand Army of the Republic was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, US Marines and US Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War. Founded in April 6, 1866 in Decatur, Illinois on the principles of "Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty" by Benjamin F. Stephenson, it was dissolved in 1956 when its last member died.

Linking men through their experience of the war, the GAR became among the first organized advocacy group in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, lobbying the US Congress to establish veterans' pensions, and supporting Republican political candidates. Its peak membership, at more than 400,000, was in 1890. It was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW), composed of male descendants of Union veterans.

The GAR initially grew and prospered as a de facto political arm of the Republican Party during the heated political contests of the Reconstruction era. The commemoration of Union veterans, black and white, immediately became entwined with partisan politics. When the Republican Party's commitment to reform in the South gradually decreased, the GAR's mission became ill-defined and the organization floundered. The GAR almost disappeared in the early 1870s, and many divisions ceased to exist.

In the 1880s, the organization revived under new leadership that provided a platform for renewed growth, by advocating federal pensions for veterans. As the organization revived, black veterans joined in significant numbers and organized local posts. The national organization, however, failed to press the case for pensions for black soldiers. Most black troops never received any pension or remuneration for wounds incurred during their service.[1]

The GAR was organized into "Departments" at the state level and "Posts" at the community level, and military-style uniforms were worn by its members. There were posts in every state in the U.S., and several posts overseas.[1]

Commanders-in-Chief were elected by the membership at the National Encampments for one year terms. Several Commanders-in-Chief were re-elected for additional terms.

Grand Army of the Republic Commanders-in Chief[edit]

Image Name Term Start Term End Home
Harry T. Rowly 1881 1882 Pennsylvania
Frank P. Merrill 1883 1883 Maine
Harry W. Arnold 1884 1884 Pennsylvania
Walter S. Payne 1885 1886 Ohio
George B. Abbott 1887 1888 Illinois
Charles F. Griffin 1889 1889 Indiana
Leland J. Webb 1890 1890 Kansas
Bartow S. Weeks 1891 1891 New York
Marvin E. Hall 1892 1892 Michigan
Joseph B. Maccabe 1893 1893 Massachusetts
William E. Bundy 1894 1894 Ohio
William H. Russell 1895 1895 Kansas
James L. Rake 1896 1896 Pennsylvania
Charles E. Darling 1897 1897 Massachusetts
Frank L. Shepard 1898 1898 Illinois
A. W. Jones 1899 1899 Ohio
Edgar W. Alexander 1900 1900 Pennsylvania
Edward R. Campbell 1901 1901 Maryland
Frank Martin 1902 1902 Indiana
Arthur B. Spinks 1903 1903 Rhode Island
William C. Dustin 1904 1904 Illinois
Harvey V. Speelman 1905 1905 Ohio
Edwin M. Amies 1906 1906 Pennsylvania
Ralph Sheldon 1907 1907 New York
Edgar Allan, Jr. 1908 1908 Maryland
George W. Polliet 1909 1909 New Jersey
Fred E. Bolton 1910 1910 Massachusetts
Newton J. McGuire 1911 1911 Indiana
Ralph M. Grant 1912 1912 Connecticut
John E. Sautter 1913 1913 Pennsylvania
Charles F. Sherman 1914 1914 New York
A. E. B. Stephens 1915 1915 Ohio
William T. Church 1916 1916 Illinois
Fred T. J. Johnson 1917 1917 Pennsylvania
Frances Callahan 1918 1918 Pennsylvania
Harry D. Sisson 1919 1919 Massachusetts
Phelam A. Barrows 1920 1920 Nebraska
Clifford Ireland 1921 1921 Illinois
Frank Shellhouse 1922 1922 Indiana
Samuel S. Horn 1923 1923 Pennsylvania
William M. Coffin 1924 1924 Ohio
Edwin C. Irelan 1925 1925 Maryland
Ernest W. Homan 1926 1926 Massachusetts
Walter C. Mabie 1927 1927 Pennsylvania
Delevan B. Bowley 1928 1928 California
Theodore C. Cazeau 1929 1929 New York
Allen S. Holbrook 1930 1930 Illinois
Frank C. Houston 1931 1931 Indiana
Titus M. Ruch 1932 1932 Pennsylvania
Park F. Yengling 1933 1933 Ohio
Frank F. Kirchgassner 1934 1934 Massachusetts
Richard F. Locke 1935 1935 Illinois
William A. Dyer 1936 1937 New York
William L. Anderson 1938 1938 Massachusetts
Ralph R. Barrett 1939 1939 California
J. Kirkwood Craig 1940 1940 Minnesota
Albert C. Lambert 1941 1941 New Jersey
Henry Towle 1942 1942 Maine
C. Leroy Stoudt 1943 1943 Pennsylvania
Urion W. Mackey 1944 1944 Michigan
H. Harding Hale 1945 1945 Massachusetts
Neil D. Cranmer 1946 1946 New York
Charles H. E. Moran 1947 1947 Massachusetts
Perle L. Fouch 1948 1948 Michigan
John H. Runkle 1949 1949 Pennsylvania
Cleon E. Heald 1950 1950 New Hampshire
Roy J. Bennett 1951 1951 Iowa
Frederick K. Davis 1952 1952 Washington & Oregon
Ulysses S. Grant III 1953 1954 Maryland
Frederick G. Bauer 1955 1955 Massachusetts
Fred E. Howe 1956 1956 New York
Albert B. DeHaven 1957 1957 Maine
Earl F. Riggs 1958 1958 California
Harold E. Arnold 1959 1959 Rhode Island
Thomas A. Chadwick 1960 1960 Vermont
Charles L. Messer 1961 1961 New York
Chester S. Shriver 1962 1962 Pennsylvania
Joseph S. Rippey 1963 1964 New York
W. Earl Corbin 1965 1965 Ohio
Frank Woerner 1966 1966 California
William H. Haskell 1967 1967 Massachusetts
Frank M. Heacock, Sr. 1968 1968 Pennsylvania
Fred H. Combs, Jr. 1969 1969 New Jersey
George L. Cashman 1970 1970 Illinois
Norman R. Furman 1971 1971 New York
John C. Yocum 1972 1972 Pennsylvania
Allen B. Howland 1973 1973 Massachusetts
John H. Stark 1974 1974 Pennsylvania
Clarence J. Riddell 1975 1975 Pennsylvania


  1. ^ a b "A Brief History of the Grand Army of the Republic". Grand Army of the Republic Museum and Library. Retrieved 2011-03-05. 

DEFAULTSORT:Grand Army Of The Republic Category:1881 establishments in the United States Category:Organizations established in 1881 Category:American Civil War veterans and descendants organizations