Girdi Kas village of Behsud district
Girdi Kas Village administratively belongs to the Behsud district of Nangarhar province/Afghanistan which is located around 18 km from the provincial capital Jalalabad; it covers almost 2.2 square kilometers. The village is linked by narrow graveled roads to Torkham-Jalalabad highway, to theRodat district boundary and to Samarkhil village of the Behsud district. TheKabul-Kunar’ River flows in from the north side of the village.
The village is divided into three sub-areas (Wahdat, Girdi Kas elay and Dag Kelay). According to the National Solidarity Program (NSP), the total population of the village is around 7,410 persons. Of this, 3,920 are adults, aged 15 and above (1890 male and 2030 female)and 3,490 are children, under 14 years old(1,660 boys and 1830 girls). The number of households in Girdi Kas is estimated at 920 households. Girdi Kas villagers are 100% Pashtun. The population of two sub-areas (Girdi Kas Kelay and Girdi Kas Dag Kelay) is from Mohmand tribe, and the people of Wahdat sub-areas are Pashtun tribes (320 families) from Mohmand, 80 families from Khugyani, 400 families from Shinwari, with a few others (120 families) from other Pashtun groups.
According to the UNHCR 2012 report, there are 851 total returned families from 1989 to 2012. which, out of that the 420 are old returnees who returned during 1989-1990 after the fall of USSR-backed regime. Another 150 people returned after the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001, and from 2002 to 2012, 281 families returned, called Recent Returnees. This includes 81 families in Wahdat and Girdi Kas Kaly, and 200 families in Girdi Kas Dag Kaly CDCs.
There is only one primary school with 6 classrooms. The Girdi Kas Primary School located in Girdi Kas Dag Kaly sub-areas has a total of 350 students (114 girls and 236 boys) and 6 male teachers. Approximately 100 children commute to middle-level schools in the neighboring Kama District, but the distance and time and cost needed for commuting prevents more children to seek post-primary education. There is no health facility in the village; the people go for treatment to the neighbors’ districts nearest clinics. According to a UNHCR survey, the most common diseases in the village are diarrhea, typhoid, and malaria. When the nearest CHC does not provide the satisfactory service, the villagers choose to travel to city hospitals in Jalalabad or to Peshawar,Pakistan. The vast majority of the village people uses shallow wells for potable water. Most of the community people have their own open latrines and bathrooms. The source of irrigation water is the Kunar-Kabul River. It is reported that irrigation water becomes scarce, due to river water flow change, from September to March. The villagers have a traditional water management system. In the dry season the farmer are irrigate their land by rotation. The total agricultural area is about 450 ha, of which 330 ha is irrigated by the local made intake and the rest is still under the treatment of seasonal floods which are not irrigated regularly. Agriculture and animal husbandry are the primary livelihood activities inside Girdi Kas Village, followed by small-numbered other jobs such as shop keeping and governmental employment. However, there are not enough job opportunities in the village; therefore, the men are seeking for daily labor outside the village. Most of the young people of the community migrate to other cities to work in order to earn money for their families. As to the differences within the village, Wahdat sub-areas people suffer more from joblessness. Although this sub-area has the biggest male population and the percentage of working people is less. Prior to the prolonged conflict, Girdi Kas was famous for its agricultural production. Unfortunately, the village is yet to recover its previous abundant crop. According to the respondents in the village, the volume of agricultural production is not satisfactory. There is no major selling place (such as market and bazaar) for the village’s crops nearer than Jalalabad. Most crops are sent and sold in Jalalabad. The commercial activities within the village are very modest. There are approximately 25 small shops in the village, which serve for the residents’ everyday life, although too small in scale to be called an industry.
Local Institution of Water Management
Girdi Kas village has a tribal shura with 16 members, led by landlords. The shura has functioned as the mediating body of the in-village problems and conflicts. Each of the three sub-areas has a male Community Development Council (CDC) that functions as a receptor body of outside support from aid communities and government. The village has a water management system run by Mirab(a mane who is seeking the canal and managing the water distribution among the users traditionally).
- ref name=National Solidarity program>WWW.en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghan_National_Solidarity_Programme
- ref name=UNHCR Jalalabad Office reports until 2012>WWW.unhcr.org
- ref name=Nangarhar Education Department
- ref name=Traditionally collected infromation from CDCs
- ref name=Traditionally collected information from CDCs