User:TeH nOmInAtOr/Criticism

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NASA plans to spend around $5 billion in 2009 for the ISS, while cutting funding for education to $126 million by 2010.[1]

NASA does not plan to use it's space shuttle for any purpose other than servicing the ISS. As the ISS becomes more massive, the cost of orbital station-keeping becomes increasingly large. The ISS has no way of providing in-situ resource utilization other than from sunlight. The ISS is a huge contributior to emission of toxic greenhouse gases which cause global warming.[2]

ISS astronauts in low earth orbit are using the facility to play internet chess matches and watch star trek movies.[2]

NASA delayed or cancelled missions to the moon and mars in order to pay for the ISS.[3] It is therefore debatable whether the ISS, as distinct from the wider space program, will be a major contributor to society.[4]

The time and money spent on the ISS could be better spent on other projects such as robotic spacecraft missions, space exploration, investigations of problems here on Earth, and education.[5] Dr. Robert L. Park, argued that very little scientific research was convincingly planned for the ISS in the first place.[6][7] Dr. Jeff Foust argued that the ISS requires too much maintenance, especially by risky, expensive EVAs.[8] The Astronomical Society of the Pacific has mentioned that its orbit is rather highly inclined, which makes Russian launches cheaper, but US launches more expensive.[9] This choice may have increased the costs of completing the ISS substantially.


  1. ^ NASA (2010). "NASA's Budget". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b NASA (2010). "ISS NASA". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  3. ^ NASA (2010). "NASA Launch Schedule". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  4. ^ RSC Energia (2005). "Interview with Niolai (sic) Sevostianov, President, RSC Energia: The mission to Mars is to be international". Mars Interactive Inc. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  5. ^ Mail & Guardian. "A waste of space". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 
  6. ^ Park, Bob. "Space Station: Maybe They Could Use It to Test Missile Defense". Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  7. ^ Park, Bob. "Space: International Space Station Unfurls New Solar Panels". Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  8. ^ Jeff Foust (2005). "The trouble with space stations". The Space Review. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  9. ^ James J. Secosky, George Musser (1996). "Up, Up, and Away". Astronomical Society of the Pacific. Retrieved September 10, 2006.