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Collegiate Gothic

Architecture of Central Technical School[edit]

Ross and Macdonald was one of Canada's most notable architecture firms in the early 20th century. Based in Montreal, Quebec, the firm originally operated as a partnership between George Allen Ross and David MacFarlane ("Ross and MacFarlane") from 1907 to 1912. MacFarlane retired in 1913, and Robert Henry Macdonald became a partner. The Ross and Macdonald name was used until 1944.

George Allen Ross[edit]

Ross (1879–1946) was born in Montreal, and later studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

Ross was apprenticed to Brown, MacVicar & Heriot in Montreal, and later become a draftsman for the Grand Trunk Railway. He also did work with Parker & Thomas in Boston and Carrere & Hastings in New York before partnering with MacFarlane in Montreal.

He was a Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. He was also a member of the Royal Institute of British Architects, becoming an Associate in 1904 and a Fellow in 1913.

Important works[edit]

Commercial Buildings:


Public Buildings:

Office Buildings:

  • Architects' Building, Montreal, 1929-34 (demolished)
  • Confederation Building (McGill College Ave. and St. Catherine St. W.), Montreal, 1927–28
  • Castle Building (Stanley Street and St. Catherine St. W.), Montreal, 1924–27
  • Dominion Square (Peel Street and St. Catherine St. W.), Montreal, 1928–40
  • Montreal Star Building (St. Jacques St.), Montreal, 1926–31
  • Royal Bank Building (Yonge Street and King Street East), Toronto, 1913–15
  • Édifice Price (Sainte-Anne street), Quebec City, 1929-1930.
  • Le Chateau Apartments,(Sherbrooke and De La Montagne) Montreal, 1926


External links[edit]

Macy DuBois[edit]

Gazell Macy DuBois M. Arch, P. Eng, PP-FRAIC, PP-RCA, FAIA (hon) (20 December 1929 – 9 November 2007) was an American-born Canadian architect who designed several landmark Toronto buildings.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, DuBois earned a Bachelor of Science in Engineering (cum laude) at Tufts University in 1951, and served in Europe and Asia with the U.S. Navy from 1951–54.[3] DuBois retired as Lieutenant, Junior Grade and commander of the minesweeper USS Kite with the Korea Service Star and United Nations Battle Star.[4]


Uncertain about a career in engineering, DuBois attended an American Institute of Architects (AIA) conference in Boston, and was inspired to attend the Harvard Graduate School of Design, graduating in 1958.[2] In his final year, he entered the Toronto City Hall design competition with three other student collaborators.[5] Selected as one of 8 semi-finalists from a field of 510 entrants, he moved to Toronto to work on the second round and, although his design was not ultimately selected, soon relocated permanently.[1][5]

DuBois worked briefly for John B. Parkin and Associates (1958–59), then joined Robert Fairfield Associates in 1960, which was renamed Fairfield+DuBois when he became a partner in 1962. The firm went through several name changes as partners joined and left, finally becoming The DuBois Plumb Partnership after partnering with Helga Plumb in 1979 until their retirement in 2001.

His first major project, begun in 1959,[6] was the combined residence and teaching facility of New College, University of Toronto, with a curved interior courtyard inside a rectilinear facade.[7] It was well received, winning a local architectural design award after completion of phase II, and is considered one of the finest buildings on the campus.[8][9]

Having been told soon after arriving in Toronto that exposed concrete "just won't work because of our climate", DuBois determined to prove otherwise in his second significant project, the Central Technical School Arts Centre.[10] Occupied in 1963, it was an internationally recognized success, establishing his reputation designing academic buildings.[11] [[:Image:Aerial view Canada Pavilion to Quebec Pavilion Expo 67 - LAC e000990837.jpg|thumb|230px|The Ontario pavilion in context on Île Notre-Dame]]

Major awards[edit]

DuBois received numerous honours and awards for his work, the most notable being:

  • Massey Medal (1964) for Central Technical School Arts Centre.[12]
  • Massey Medal (1967) for ECE Group Office building, Don Mills
  • Low Energy Building Design Award of Excellence (1980), for the Joseph Shepard Building[13]
  • Governor General's Medal in Architecture (1983), for The Oaklands Condominium and Housing Project.
  • ^ a b Brett Popplewell (November 13, 2007). "An architect of Toronto; Visionary Macy DuBois loved the city's proximity to the great outdoors". Toronto Star. pp. A10. Retrieved 2007-11-21.
  • ^ a b Michael McClelland and Graeme Stewart (eds) (2007). Concrete Toronto: A guidebook to Concrete Architecture from the Fifties to the Seventies. Coach House Books. pp. 88–111. ISBN 1-55245-193-9 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help).CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  • ^ "DuBOIS, Macy". Contemporary Architects. Chicago: St. James Press. 1987. pp. 245–7. ISBN 0-912289-26-0.
  • ^ E. W. Whelpton. Who's Who In Canada, 1975–76. Toronto: International Press Limited. p. 398. ISSN 0083-9450.
  • ^ a b "City of Toronto Archives:Toronto's New City Hall". Retrieved 2007-11-22.
  • ^ Macy DuBois (December 1965). "Phase I: New College, University of Toronto". The Canadian Architect. 10 (12): 47–58. ISSN 0008-2872.
  • ^ McClelland, page 100
  • ^ Klaus Dunker (2000). East/West: A Guide to where people live in downtown Toronto. Coach house Books. ISBN 1-55245-927-6. Retrieved 2010-01-28. New College, designed by Macy Dubois and built in two phases during the 1960s, was and remains one of the finest buildings on the University of Toronto campus.
  • ^ Harvey Cowan (April 11, 1970). "Concern for people marks buildings chosen for awards". Toronto Daily Star. p. 15.
  • ^ McClelland, page 94
  • ^ McClelland, page 95, photo of New York Times article, July 11, 1965.
  • ^ Central Technical School Arts Center. "Central Tech announcement" (.pdf). Central Technical School Arts Center. Retrieved November 24, 2007. [dead link]
  • ^ Public Works Canada (1980). Winning low energy building designs. Ottawa: Public Works Canada = Travaux publics Canada. pp. 14–17. ISBN 0-660-50675-0. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)