User:Ted nw/sandbox

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Developer(s) McObject
Operating system Cross-platform
License GPL or Commercial license

Perst is an open source, dual license, object-oriented embedded database management system (ODBMS), available in two implementations: one that is developed entirely in the Java programming language, and another developed in the C# language (for applications that will run within the Microsoft .NET Framework).

Perst for .NET supports standard and compact .NET frameworks and can thus be used to develop Microsoft Windows CE and Pocket PC applications.

Perst Lite is an implementation of Perst for Java for applications running on cell phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and other resource-constrained devices based on Sun MicrosystemsJava Platform, Micro Edition (Java ME, formerly called Java 2, Micro Edition, or J2ME). Perst Lite is included in the Perst for Java distribution, and has a memory footprint approximately 30 percent smaller than standard Perst.


Perst was developed by Konstantin Knizhnik, a programmer living in Moscow, Russia, and released in 2003. In 2006, Knizhnik transferred Perst’s copyright to McObject, a for-profit company in Issaquah, Washington, United States. McObject develops and maintains the system, selling technical support and service contracts, as well as proprietary-licensed copies of Perst. Knizhnik, as a consultant to McObject, is still closely involved in developing Perst.

McObject develops another DBMS, eXtremeDB, which is from an unrelated codebase.


Users can redistribute and/or modify Perst under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or any later version. For individuals or organizations that cannot or do not wish to comply with the GPL, a commercial license for this software may be purchased from McObject.

Product features[edit]


The Perst engine’s size is 5,000 lines of source code, and its run time random-access memory (RAM) needs range from 30K to 300K.


Perst transactions support the ACID properties (atomicity, consistency, isolation, durability) with automatic recovery.


Perst provides a subset of SQL for filtering elements of a container class. For access to persistent objects, Perst implements specialized collection classes including:

Schema evolution[edit]

To facilitate changes to an existing database design (database schema), Perst implements “lazy” database schema evolution. When an object instance is loaded from the database, its class descriptor is compared with the format of the class in the application. If they are not identical, and the object is to be changed, then the object is converted and stored in the new format.

Additional features[edit]

External links[edit]

Official website at McObject

“Developing an object-oriented database for J2ME-based embedded devices”, article on