User:ThinkingTwice/project page/List of Crusader castles

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Krak des Chevaliers was built during the 12th and 13th centuries by the Knights Hospitaller with later additions by Mamluks. It is a World Heritage Site.[1]

This is a list of castles in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, founded or occupied during the Crusades. For crusader castles in Poland and the Baltic states, see Ordensburg.

In the Levant / Holy Land[edit]

Name Crusader State Image Modern Country Notes References
Acre Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Acre - Akko Tower.jpg  Israel fortified city
Arsur Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Arsuf fortress 2.JPG  Israel also known as Arsuf or Apollonia - fortified city and citadel, stronghold of the Lordship of Arsuf; national park
Amouda Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia  Turkey
Bagras Armoiries Bohémond VI d'Antioche.svg Principality of Antioch Baghras2.jpg  Turkey
Beaufort Castle Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Chateau de Beaufort.jpg  Lebanon
Belveer Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Castel fortress jerusalem.JPG  Israel Crusader castle of which no traces remain; national park
Belvoir Fortress Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Belvoir fortress.JPG  Israel Kochav HaYarden National Park
Bet Shean Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Beyt-Shean-old-city-706.jpg  Israel Castle ruins next to ancient town, stronghold of the Lordship of Bethsan
Caco Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Qaqun-fortress-18.jpg  Israel ruins of castle from Crusader and Mamluk periods; national park
Beth Gibelin Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem  Israel castle ruins next to ancient town, stronghold of the Lordship of Beth Gibelin; national park
Byblos Castle Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Byblos Castle 2009.jpg  Lebanon
Caesarea Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem  Israel fortified port city, stronghold of the Lordship of Caesarea; national park
Cafarlet Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem HaBonim-S-06-se.jpg  Israel in Hebrew HaBonim Fortress - ruins of Umayyad castle reused by the Crusaders
Casal des Plains Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Azor-S-747.jpg  Israel ruins of Crusader tower; inside town
Casale Umberti Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem  Israel at Akhziv (former az-Zib) - Crusader "new town" with tower; nothing discernible at present
Castellum Regis Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Miiliya-castle-38.jpg  Israel inside village
Chastel Blanc Armoiries Tripoli.svg County of Tripoli Chastel Blanc.jpg  Syria
Chastellet Ateret-S-164.jpg  Israel castle ruin by Jacob's Ford: see Battle of Jacob's Ford; also known as Vadum Iacob, le Chastelez, Ateret, Qasr al-'Atra
Château Pèlerin Atlit fortress001.JPG  Israel also known as Atlit Castle and Castle Pilgrim; off-reach military base
la Tour Rouge  Israel la Tour Rouge or Turris Rubea at Burgata - Arabic: Burj al-Ahmar, Hebrew: Hurvat Burgata
Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles Armoiries Tripoli.svg County of Tripoli Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles 2009.jpg  Lebanon
Citadel of Salah Ed-Din Armoiries Bohémond VI d'Antioche.svg Principality of Antioch Saladinsburg 22.jpg  Syria also known as Saône or Saladdin Castle
Kerak Castle Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Lordship of Oultrejordain
Kerak BW 1.JPG  Jordan
Korikos Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Fortressarmenians5.jpg  Turkey
Krak des Chevaliers Armoiries Tripoli.svg County of Tripoli Krak des Chevaliers 01.jpg  Syria
Lampron Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Lampron castle.jpg  Turkey
Latrun Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Latrun-Castle-S-034.jpg  Israel
Le Destroit Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Atlit-57-Le-Destroit-ne.jpg  Israel
Levonkla (Yılankale), or Castle of Snakes Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Yilankale2.jpg  Turkey
Margat, also known as Marqab Armoiries Tripoli.svg County of Tripoli Marqab-crusader-castle-donjon.jpg  Syria
Masyaf Castle Masyaf - Gesamtansicht.jpg  Syria
Mirabel Migdal-Afek-11-ne.jpg  Israel in Hebrew: Migdal Tsedek, stronghold of the Lordship of Mirabel
Montfort Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem מבצר מונפורט בזריחה.JPG  Israel inside national park
Montreal Castle Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Lordship of Oultrejordain
Montreal Castle 02.jpg  Jordan
Mseilha Fort قلعة المسيلحة.jpg  Lebanon
Ramla Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem  Israel stronghold of the Lordship of Ramla
Safed fortress Safedcitadel.jpg  Israel Saphet
Saint Louis Castle St. Louis Castle, Sidon.jpg  Lebanon
Sarvandikar Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia  Turkey
Ayasuluk Castle Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Selcuk.jpg  Turkey
Sidon Sea Castle Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem SidonSeaCastle.jpg  Lebanon stronghold of the Lordship of Toron in the Principality of Galilee
Tartous Notre dame de tortosa.jpg  Syria
Toron Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem Tebnine11.jpg  Lebanon stronghold of the Lordship of Toron in the Principality of Galilee
Tiberias Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Principality of Galilee
PikiWiki Israel 11910 leaning tower in tiberias.jpg  Israel The city was given in fief to Tancred, who made it his capital of the Principality of Galilee in the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Tower of David DavidTower.jpg  Israel the citadel of Jerusalem
Tzippori Cipori154.jpg  Israel Sepphoris (Latin), Saffuriya (Arabic): tower; national park
Vaux Moise Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Lordship of Oultrejordain
 Jordan
Yehiam Fortress Yehiam-fortress-1879.jpg  Israel Crusader name: Judin Castle; national park

Island of Cyprus[edit]

Name Crusader State Image Modern Country Notes References
Buffavento Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Buffavento castle, Cyprus.jpg  Northern Cyprus
Famagusta Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus San Luca-Karmeliter 1.jpg  Northern Cyprus
Kantara Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Kantara Castle By Kadri San.JPG  Northern Cyprus
Kolossi Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Kolossi Castle 01.JPG  Cyprus
Kyrenia Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Kyrenia Castle2.jpg  Northern Cyprus
Larnaca Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Cyprus - Larnacacastle 1.JPG  Cyprus
Limassol Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Cyprus - Limassol castle 10.JPG  Cyprus
Paphos Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Fort pafos.jpg  Cyprus
St. Hilarion Castle Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus Saint Hilarion Castle.jpg  Northern Cyprus

In the Balkans[edit]

Name Crusader State Image Modern Country Notes References
Rhodes, Palace of the Grand Master Cross of the Knights Hospitaller.svg Knights Hospitaller Rhodes old town Greece 6.jpg  Greece

Muslim castles built to oppose the Crusaders[edit]

This is a list of fortress specifically created to oppose the Crusaders and would not have been built if the Crusades had not been called.

Name State Image Modern Country Notes References
Ajloun Castle Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubid dynasty AjlunCastle outside.JPG  Jordan
Nimrod Fortress Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubid dynasty Nimrod-S-224.jpg  Israel originally Qal'at as-Subayba; national park Israel



References[edit]