User:Tisquesusa/sandbox9

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This is a list of playable nations in the grand strategy game Europa Universalis IV. The game follows a timeline in history from November 11, 1444 until January 3, 1821. Included in the historical countries listed below, are countries that can be formed or spawn after rebellions inside other nations. There are more than 700 former countries playable at the start of the game in 1444.[1] Some countries require special DLC packs. Listed are the technology group, the nation name as it appears in the game, a map closest to the historical country, start and end dates of the real historical nation (in-game years may differ), the capital province as it appears in Europa Universalis IV and the names of the rulers and other people involved in the game. Strong nations at game start are listed in bold, approximate dates in italic.

Western[edit]

Technology
group
Nation
name
Map Historical
nation
Start End Capital Names Notes
Western Aachen
Aachener Reich.jpg
Free Imperial City of Aachen 1306 1801 Aachen [2][3][4]
Alençon
SituationAlençon.JPG
Alençon 1000 1549 Alençon Peter IIJean IJean IIRenéCharles IV [2][5][6]
Alsace
Decapolis of Alsace.jpg
Alsace 1354 1679 Elsass Wilhelm IIKonrad IVRuprecht IAlbrecht IWilhelm IIIErasmus I Johann IVJohann Georg IKarl ILeopold ILeopold Wilhelm IFranz Egon I [2][3][7]
Anhalt
Anhalt-Dessau1820.png
Principality of Anhalt 1218 1806 Anhalt Sigismund IGeorg IErnst IJohann IIJoachim ErnstJohann Georg IJohann Kasimir IJohann Georg IILeopold ILeopold II MaximilianLeopold IIILeopold IV [2][3][8]
Ansbach
Fsm-Ansbach 1791.png
Principality of Ansbach 1398 1806 Ansbach Friedrich VIAlbrecht II AchillesFriedrich VIIGeorg I der FrommeGeorg Friedrich IJoachim Ernst IFriedrich IIAlbrecht IIIJohann Friedrich IChristian Albrecht IGeorg Friedrich IIWilhelm Friedrich IKarl Wilhelm Freidrich IKarl Alexander I [2][3][9]
Aquileia
Patriarchate of Aquileia locator map (1250).svg
Patria del Friuli 1077 1433 Friuli Antonio IAntonio IILodovico II [2][3][10]
Aragon
Corona aragonum 1441.svg
Crown of Aragon 1162 1716 Aragón Martí IFerran IAlfons VJoan IIFerran II [2][5][11][12]
Armagnac
Mapa Armanyac.png
County of Armagnac 601 1607 Armagnac Bernard VIIJean IVJean VCharles ICharles IIMarguerite I [2][5][13]
Athens
Greece in 1214.JPG
Duchy of Athens 1205 1458 Athens Antonio INerio IIAntonio IIFrancesco IFrancesco II [2][3][14]
Augsburg
Augsburg 1549.jpg
Prince-Bishopric of Augsburg 888 1803 Augsburg Burkhard von EllerbachEberhard II von KirchbergFriedrich von GrafeneckAnselm von NenningenPeter von SchaumbergJohann II von WerdenbergFriedrich II. von ZollernHeinrich IV. von LichtenauChristoph von StadionOtto Truchsess von WaldburgJohann Eglof von KnöringenMarquard II. vom BergJohann Otto von GemmingenHeinrich V. von KnöringenSigismund FranzJohann ChristophAlexander SigmundJohann Franz SchenkJoseph Ignaz PhilippClemens WenceslausFranz Friedrich [2][3][15]
Austria
Locator Austrian Circle.svg
Archduchy of Austria 1453 1806 Wien Albrecht IVAlbrecht VFriedrich IIILadislaus PostumusMaximilian IFerdinand IMaximilian IIRudolf IIMatthias IFerdinand IIFerdinand IIILeopold IJosef IKarl IIMaria Theresia IJosef IILeopold IIFranz II [2][3][16][17]
Auvergne
Carte Auvergne historique.jpg
County of Auvergne 592 1653 Auvergne Jeanne IIMarieBertrand IIBertrand IIIJean IIIAnne ICathérine I [2][5][18]
Avignon
Orange1601.svg
Avignon Papacy 1309 1377 Avignon Benedictus XIII [2][5][19]
Baden
Baden-1803-1819.png
Margraviate of Baden 1112 1803 Baden Bernhard IJakob IBernhard IIKarl IChristoph IBernhard IIIPhilibert IPhilipp IIEduard Fortunatus IErnst Friedrich IGeorg Friedrich IWilhelm ILudwig Wilhelm ILudwig Georg IAugust Georg IKarl Friedrich IKarl Ludwig FriedrichLudwig I [2][3][20][21]
Bar
Carte du Barrois.svg
Duchy of Bar 1033 1766 Barrois Robert IEdward IIILouis IYolande [2][5][22]
Bavaria
Bayern nach der Teilung 1392.png
Duchy of Bavaria 555 1623 München Ernst IAlbrecht IIIJohann IVSiegmund IAlbrecht IV der WeiseWilhelm IVAlbrecht VWilhelm VMaximilian IFerdinand Maria IMaximilian II EmanuelKarl Albrecht IMaximilian III JosephKarl Theodor IMaximilian IV Joseph [2][3][23][24]
Berry
Berry localisation.png
Duchy of Berry 1360 1820 Berry Jean I [2][5][25]
Bohemia
Locator Bohemia within the Holy Roman Empire (1618).svg
Kingdom of Bohemia 1198 1918 Prague Václav IVJiríVladislav IILudvik IFerdinand IMaximilian IIRudolf IIMatthias [2][3][26][27]
Bourbonnais
Bourbonnais localisation.PNG
Duchy of Bourbon 1327 1830 Bourbon Louis IIJean ICharles ICharles IIPierre IISuzanne ICharles IIICharles IVAntoine IHenri ICésarLouis IILouis Joseph [2][5][28]
Brabant
Locator Duchy of Brabant (1350).svg
Duchy of Brabant 1430 1795 Brabant JeanneAntoineJohn IVPhilip I [2][5][29]
Brandenburg
Locator Brandenburg within the Holy Roman Empire (1618).svg
Margraviate of Brandenburg 1157 1806 Brandenburg Siegmund IJobst IFriedrich IFriedrich IIAlbrecht III AchillesJohann Cicero IJoachim I NestorJoachim II HektorJohann Georg IJoachim Friedrich IJohann Sigismund IGeorg Wilhelm IFriedrich Wilhelm IFriedrich III [2][3][30][31]
Bremen
Lower Saxony Landschaft der Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden.svg
Duchy of Bremen 1648 1807 Bremen [2][3][32][33]
Brittany
Localisation Duché de Bretagne.svg
Duchy of Brittany 939 1547 Nantes Jean VJean VIFrançois IPierre IIArtur IIIFrançois IIAnne IClaude IFrançois III [2][5][34][35]
Brunswick
Brunswick-Lüneburg Locator 1648.png
Principality of Brunswick 1269 1815 Brunswick Heinrich der MildeHeinrich IVWilhelm IWilhelm IIHeinrich der ÄltereHeinrich der JüngereJulius IHeinrich Julius IFriedrich Ulrich IAugust IIRudolf August IAnton Ulrich IAugust Wilhelm ILudwig Rudolf IFerdinand Albrecht IKarl IKarl II Wilhelm Ferdinand [2][3][36]
Burgundy
Karte Haus Burgund 4 EN.png
Duchy of Burgundy 1032 1477 Bourgogne Philippe IIJean IIPhilippe IIICharles IMarie IPhilippe IVCharles II [2][5][37][38]
Castile
Krone Kastilien 1492.svg
Crown of Castile 1230 1516 Toledo Enrique IIIJuan IIEnrique IVIsabel IJuana IFelipe IFernando V [2][5][39]
Catalonia
Catalunya 1349-1640.png
Principality of Catalonia 1162 1714 Barcelona [2][5][5][40]
Champagne
County of Champagne.png
County of Champagne Champagne [2][5]
Clanricarde Clanricarde 1335 1544 Connaught Ulick RuadhUlick FionnRichard ÓgeJohn mac Richard MórRichard BacachUlick na gCeannRichardUlickRichardUlickRichardWilliamRichardJohnMichaelJohn SmithHenryJohnUlick [2][5]
Cleves
Locator Duchy of Cleves (1560).svg
Duchy of Cleves 1092 1795 Kleves AdolfJohann IJohann IIJohann IIIWilhelm der ReicheJohann Wilhelm [2][3]
Cologne
Archbishopric of Cologne Locator Map 1.svg
Electorate of Cologne 953 1803 Cologne Friedrich IIIDietrich II von MörsRuprecht IHermann IV von HessenPhillip IIHermann VAdolf IIIAnton IGebhard IFriedrich IVSalentin IGebhard IIErnst IFerdinand IMaximilan Heinrich IJoseph Clemens IClemens August IMaximilian Friedrich IMaximilian Franz IAnton Viktor IJoachim ILudwig I [2][3][41]
Cornwall
Cornwall UK location map.svg
Duchy of Cornwall 1335 Cornwall [2][5]
Corsica
1794 Jeffreys Map of Corsica, France - Geographicus - Corsica-jeffreys-1794.jpg
Corsican Republic 1755 1769 Corsica Tiadoru IClemente PaoliPasquale Paoli [2][3]
Cyprus Kingdom of Cyprus 1192 1489 Cyprus JanusJean IICharlotteJacques IIJacques IIICatarina [2][42][43]
Danzig
Free City of Danzig (1812).svg
Free City of Danzig (Napoleonic) 1807 1814 Danzig Franz Joseph I [2][42][44]
Dauphine
Dauphiné.JPG
Province of the Dauphiné 1349 1790 Dauphiné [2][5]
Denmark
Kalmar Union ca. 1400.svg
Kalmar Union
Denmark–Norway
1397 1814 Sjælland Eric VIIChristopher IIIChristian IHans IFrederik IChristian IIIFrederik IIChristian IVFrederik IIIChristian VFrederik IVChristian VIFrederik VChristian VIIFrederik VI [2][3][45]
Desmond
DesmondSepts.png
Earldom of Desmond 1118 1596 Cork JamesThomasJamesMauriceJamesThomasJamesJames [2][5][46]
Dithmarschen
Schleswig-Holstein HEI.svg
Dithmarschen 1499 1559 Dithmarschen Wulf IsebrandHenning Swyn [2][47]
East Frisia
Frisiae-edited.jpg
County of East Frisia 1464 1744 East Frisia Ocko IKeno IIOcko IIFockoEnno EdzardisnaUlrich IEdzard IEnno IIEdzard IIEnno IIIRudolf ChristianUlrich IIEnno LouisGeorge ChristianChristian EverhardGeorge AlbertCharles Edzard [2][3]
England
Location map of England in 1700.svg
Kingdom of England 1066 1707 London Henry VIEdward IVEdward VRichard IIIHenry VIIHenry VIIIEdward VIJane IMary IElizabeth IJames ICharles IOliverRichardConvention Parliament (regent)Charles IIJames IIWilliam IIIAnne I [2][5][48]
Etruria
Map Kingdom of Etruria.jpg
Kingdom of Etruria 1801 1807 Firenze Lodovico ILodovico II [2][3]
Estonia
Governorate of Estonia 1820.jpg
Governorate of Estonia 1721 1917 Reval [2][42]
Ferrara
Map of Italy (1494)-en.svg
Duchy of Ferrara 1450 1597 Ferrara Niccolò IIILeonello IBorso IErcole IAlfonso IErcole IIAlfonso II [2][3]
Finland
Historical map of Finland AD 1700-1800, 1743.svg
Kingdom of Finland March
1742
July
1742
Nyland [2][3][49]
Flanders
Locator County of Flanders (1350).svg
County of Flanders 918 1795 Ghent [2][5]
Florence
RepublicofFlorence1494.png
Republic of Florence
Duchy of Florence
1115 1569 Firenze Giovanni ICosimoPiero il GottosoLorenzo il MagnificoPiero il FatuoGirolamo SavonarolaPiero SoderiniGiulianoLorenzoGiulioAlessandroCosimo I [2][3][50]
Foix
County of Foix.png
County of Foix 1290 1607 Béarn IsabelleJean IGaston IVFrançois I Phébus [2][5]
France
Kingdom of France (1789).svg
Kingdom of France 987 1791 Île de France Charles VICharles VIILouis XICharles VIIILouis XIIFrançois IHenri IIFrançois IICharles IXHenri IIIHenri IVLouis XIIILouis XIVLouis XVLouis XVINapoléon ILouis XVIII [2][5][51]
Frankfurt
Map-DB-Frankfurt.svg
Free City of Frankfurt 1372 1806 Frankfurt Karl Theodor Anton Maria [2][3]
Friesland
Heerlijkheid Friesland 1680.jpg
Lordship of Frisia 1524 1795 Friesland Fryske frijheid [2][5]
Gaeldom Gaeldom Inverness [2][5]
Galicia
MapofkingdomofgaliciaX.jpg
Kingdom of Galicia 409 1833 Galicia [2][5][52]
Gascony
MapOfGascony.png
Guyenne 1259 1792 Gascogne [2][5]
Gelre
Locator Duchy of Guelders and County of Zutphen (1350).svg
Guelders 1096 1795 Gelre WillemReinoud IVArnold IAdolf IMaria IKarel IIWillem III de Rijke [2][5]
Genoa
Repubblica di Genova.png
Republic of Genoa 1005 1797 Genoa Antonio AdornoGiorgio AdornoTommaso di CampofregosoIsnardo GuarcoTommaso di CampofregosoRaffaele AdornoLodovico de CampofregosoPietro de CampofregosoLodovico de CampofregosoProspero AdornoBattista de CampofregosoGiano de CampofregosoGian GaleazzoPhilippe de RavensteinPaolo da NovaRodolphe de LannoyGiano Maria FregosoOttariano di CampofregosiOberto CattaneoBattista SpinolaBattista LomellinoCristoforo GrimaldiGiovanni DoriaAndrea GiustinianiLeonardo CatteneoAndrea CenturioneGiovanni FornariBenedetto GentileGaspari GrimaldiLuca SpinolaGiacomo PromontorioAgostino PinelliPietro ChiavicaGerlamo VivaldiBattista CicalaGivanni LercariOttavio OdoricoSimone SpinolaPaolo GiustinianiGianotto LomelliniGiacomo DurazzoProspero CenturioneGiovanni GentileNicolo DoriaGerolamo de FranchiGerolama ChiavariAmbrogio di NegroDavide VaccaBattista NegroneGiovanni GiustinianiAntonio GrimaldiMatteo SenaregaLazzaro GrimaldiLorenzo SauliAgostino DoriaPietro de FranchiLuca GrimaldiGerolamo AsseretoAgostino PinelloAlessandro GiustinianiTomaso SpinolaBernardo ClavarezzaGiovanni ImperialePietro DurazzoGiorgio CenturioneFrederico di FranchiGiacomo LomellinoGiovanni ChiavariAndrea SpinolaLeonardo della TorreGiovanni DoriaGiovanni BrignoleAgostino PallaviciniGiovanni DurazzoAgostino de MariniGiovanni LercariLuca GiustinianiGiovanni BattistaGiacomo de FranchiAgostino CenturioneGerolamo de FranchiAllesandro SpinolaGiulio SauliGiovanni CenturioneGian FrugoniAntoniotto InvreaStefano de MariCesare DurazzoCesaro GentileFrancesco GarbarinoAllesandro GrimaldiAgostino SaluzzoAntonio da PassanoGiannettino OdoneAgostino SpinolaLuca InvreaFrancesco ImperialePietro DurazzoLuca SpinolaOberto Della TorreGiovanni CattaneoFrancesco InvreaBendinelli NegroneFrancesco SauliGerolamo de MariFederico de FranchiAntonio GrimaldiStefano FerretiDomenico de MariVincenzo DurazzoFrancesco ImperialeGiovanni GiustinianiLorenzo CenturioneBenedetto VialeAmbrogio ImperialeCesare de FranchiDoemico NegroneGerolamo VenerosoLuca GrimaldiFrancesco BalbiDomenico SpinolaGianstefano DurazzoNicolo CattaneoConstantino BalbiNicolo SpinolaDominco CanevaroLorenzo de MariGiovanni BrignoleCesare CattaneoAgostino VialeGiovanni GrimaldiGian VenerosoGian GrimaldiMatteo FranzoniAgostino LomellinoRodolfo BrignoleMaria RovereMarcello DurazzoGiovanni NegroneGiovanni Battista CambiasoPier Franco GrimaldiBrizio GiustinianiGiuseppe LomelliniGiacomo Maria BrignoleMarco GentileGiovanni AyroliGian PallaviciniRaffaele de FerrariAlerame PallaviciniMichelangelo CambiasoGiuseppe Maria DoriaGiacomo Maria BrignoleGirolamo DurazzoGirolamo Serra [2][3][53]
Germany
German Confederation 1815.svg
German Confederation 1815 1848 Berlin [2][3][54]
Gotland
Sweden Gotland location map modified.svg
Gotland Gotland [2][3][55]
Great Britain
Europe-Great Britain.svg
Kingdom of Great Britain 1707 1801 London Anne IGeorge IGeorge IIGeorge IIIGeorge IV [2][5][56]
Hainaut
Locator County of Hainaut (1350).svg
County of Hainaut 900 1797 Hainaut AlbertWilliam VIJacquette [2][5]
Hamburg
Map Hamburg Area 1500.png
Free Imperial City of Hamburg 894 1806 Hamburg [2][3][57]
Hannover
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1789.svg
Electorate of Hanover 1692 1807 Hannover GeorgChristian LudwigGeorg II WilhelmJohann FriedrichErnst AugustGeorg I Ludwig [2][3][58]
Hesse
Gft. Solms Lgft. Hessen Gft. Ziegenhain.png
Landgraviate of Hesse 1264 1567 Hessen Hermann IILudwig ILudwig IIWilhelm IWilhelm IIPhilipp IWilhelm IVMoritzWilhelm VWilhelm VIWilhem VIIKarlWilhem VIIIFriedrich IIWilhelm IX [2][3][59]
Holland
Locator County of Holland (1350).svg
County of Holland 1091 1581 Holland AlbertWillem VIJacoba [2][5][60]
Holstein
Duchy of Holstein 1789.svg
Duchy of Holstein 1474 1864 Holstein Gerhard VIHeinrich IVAdolf VIIIAdolf IXFriedrich IIPhilippJohann AdolfFriedrich IIIChristian AlbrechtFriedrich IVKarl FriedrichKarl Peter Ulrich [2][3][61]
Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire ca.1600.svg
Holy Roman Empire 800 1806 Brandenburg [2][3][62]
Iceland
Iceland position144.png
Iceland none none Reykyavik [2][5][63]
Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland 1789.svg
Kingdom of Ireland 1542 1800 Meath Aedh XIV [2][5][64]
Italy
Kingdom of Italy 1000.svg
Kingdom of Italy 800 1806 Roma Napoleone I [2][3][65]
Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen in Nordland, Norway and Europe.png
Jan Mayen none none random [66][note 1]
Kildare
Carlow-Kildare former Dáil constituency.png
County of Kildare 1297 1800 Kildare ThomasGeraldThomasGeraldHenry [2][5]
Kurland
Duchy of Courland & Semigallia 1740.svg
Duchy of Courland 1561 1795 Mitau GotthardFriedrichJakobFriedrich KasimirFriedrich WilhelmAnna IvanovaFerdinandKarl Christian JosephErnst JohannPeter [2][42][67]
Leinster
Kingdom of Leinster-900.svg
Kingdom of Leinster -634 1603 Leinster ArtDonnchadMurchad IVArt IIIGearóid IMuiris IMuireadhach IICathaoir IIMurchadh VCriomhthann IDonal IX [2][5]
Liege
Low Countries Locator Prince-Bischopric of Liege.svg
Prince-Bishopric of Liège 980 1789 Liege Jean VIJean VIIJean VIIILouis I de BourbonJean IXÉrard ICorneille IGeorges IRobert IIGérard IErnest IFerdinand IMaximilien-Henri IJean-Louis IJoseph-Clément IGeorges-Louis IJean-Théodore ICharles-Nicolas IFrançois-Charles ICésar-Constantin I [2][5]
León
Kingdom of Leon 1037.svg
León León [2][5][68]
Livonian Order
Medieval Livonia 1260.svg
Livonian Order 1237 1561 Livland Wennemar HasenkampKonrad von VietinghofDiderick TorkSiegfried LanderZisse von RutenbergFranco KerskorffHeinrich von BockenfordeHeinrich VinckeJohann OsthoffJohann WolthussBernd von der BorchJohann FridachWolter von PlettenbergHermann HasenkampJohann von der ReckeHeinrich von GalenJohann WilhelmGotthard Kettler [2][42][69]
Lorraine
Lorraine 1618-1648.JPG
Duchy of Lorraine 959 1766 Lothringen Charles IIJean IINicolas IRené IIAntoine IFrançois ICharles IIIHenri IFrançois IICharles IVNicolas IICharles V LéopoldLéopold I JosephFrançois III ÉttieneStanislas I [2][5]
Lucca
Map Kingdom of Etruria.jpg
Republic of Lucca
Principality of Lucca and Piombino
1160 1805 Lucca Maria Luisa [2][3][70]
Luxembourg
Locator County of Luxembourg (1350).svg
Duchy of Luxemburg 1353 1581 Luxembourg Jobst IElisabeth I [2][5][71]
Lübeck
German Empire - Lubeck (1871).svg
Free City of Lübeck 1226 1811 Lübeck [2][3][72]
Lüneburg
Brunswick-Lüneburg Locator 1648.png
Principality of Lüneburg 1269 1705 Lüneburg Bernhard IOtto IFriedrich der FrommeBernhard IIOtto IIHeinrich VIIErnst IErnst IIChristianAugustFriedrich IVChristian LudwigGeorg II Wilhelm [2][3]
Magdeburg
Brandenburg 1688 and 1320.jpg
Archbishopric of Magdeburg
Duchy of Magdeburg
1180 1807 Magdeburg Albrecht IIIGunther IIFriedrich IIIJohann IErnst IAlbrecht IVJohann Albrecht IFriedrich IIISigismund IJoachim Friedrich IChristian Wilhelm IAugust I [2][3]
Mainz
Électorat de Mayence.png
Electorate of Mainz 780 1803 Mainz Johann IIKonrad IIIDietrich IDieter IAdolf IIIAlbrecht IIBerthold IJakob IUriel IAlbrecht IIISebastian IDaniel Brendel IWolfgang IJohann Adam IJohann Schweikhard IGeorg Friedrich IAnselm Kasimir IJohann Philipp ILothar Friedrich IDamian Hartrad IKarl Heinrich IAnselm Franz ILothar Franz IFranz Ludwig IPhilipp Karl IJohann Friedrich IEmmerich Josef IFriedrich Karl IKarl Theodor I [2][3][73]
Malta
Malta relief location map source.svg
Malta Malta [2][3]
Mann
Isle of Man in its region.svg
Mann 1765 Mann [2][5][74]
Mantua Duchy of Mantua 1530 1708 Mantua Francesco IGianfrancesco ILodovico III il TurcoFederico IFrancesco IIFederico IIFrancesco IIIGuglielmoVincenzo IFrancesco IVFerdinandoVincenzo IICarlo ICarlo IIFerdinando Carlo [2][3]
Meath
Island of Ireland location map Meath.svg
County of Meath Meath [2][5]
Mecklenburg
First partition of Mecklenburg.svg
Duchy of Mecklenburg 1621 1933 Mecklenburg Albert IIIJohann IVHeinrich IVMagnus IIHeinrich VJohann Albrecht IJohann VIIAdolf Friedrich IAlbrecht WenzelChristian Ludwig IFriedrich Wilhelm IKarl LeopoldChristian Ludwig IIFriedrich der FrommeFriedrich Franz I [2][3]
Meissen
Mark Lausitz.jpg
Margravate of Meissen 965 1423 Wilhelm IFriedrich IV [2]
Memmingen
De Merian Sueviae 174.jpg
Free Imperial City of Memmingen 1268 1803 Memmingen [2][3]
Milan
Location of the Duchy of Milan-it.svg
Duchy of Milan 1395 1796 Milan Gian Galeazzo IGiovanni Maria IFilippo Maria IFrancesco IGaleazzo Maria IGiovanni Galeazzo IILudovico I il MoroMassimiliano IFrancesco II Maria [2][3][75]
Modena
Northern Italy in 1494.png
Duchy of Modena and Reggio 1452 1796 Modena CesareAlfonso IIIFrancesco IAlfonso IVFrancesco IIRinaldo IIIFrancesco IIIErcole IIIFrancesco IV [2][3]
Montferrat Duchy of Montferrat 1574 1708 Montferrat TeodoroGiovanni IIOttone IIIGiovanni IIITeodoro IIGian GiacomoGiovanni IVGuglielmo VIIIBonifacio IIIGuglielmo IXBonifacio IVGiangiorgioMargheritaFrancesco IIIGuglielmoVincenzo IFrancesco IVFerdinandoVincenzo IICarlo ICarlo IIFerdinando Carlo [2][3][76]
Münster
Locator Prince-Bishopric of Münster (1560).svg
Prince-Bishopric of Münster 1180 1802 Münster Otto IVHeinrich IIWalram IJohann IHeinrich IIIKonrad IErich IFriedrich IIFranz IWilhelm IBernhard IJohann IIJohann WilhelmErnst IFerdinand ICristoph BernhardFerdinand IIMaximilian HeinrichFriedrich ChristianFranz Arnold WolffKlemens AugustMaximilian FriedrichMaximilian Franz [2][3][77]
Naples
Italia Regno di Napoli locator.svg
Kingdom of Naples 1282 1799 Naples Louis IILadislao IGiovanna IIRenato IFerdinand IAlfonso IIFerdinando IIFederigo IVVittorio Amedeo ICarlo VIIFerrante IVGiuseppe IGioacchino I Murat [2][3][78]
Nassau
Nassau1812.jpg
County of Nassau 1125 1806 Nassau Philipp IILudwig IPhilipp IIIAlbertPhilipp IVLudwig IIWilhelm LudwigErnst CasimirFriedrichJohann ErnstKarl AugustKarl ChristianFriedrich WilhelmWilhelm [2][3]
Navarra
Traité de Bretigny.svg
Kingdom of Navarre 824 1841 Navarra Carlos IIIJuan IILeonor IFrancisco I FeboCatalina IEnrique IIJuana IIIEnrique III [2][5][79]
Netherlands
Dutchempire1674.png
Dutch Empire 1384 Holland Willem IStaten-Generaal (regent)Maurits IFrederik Hendrik IWillem IIWillem IIIWillem IVWillem VBataafse RepubliekRutger JanLodewijk ILodewijk IIWillem I [2][5][80]
Nevers County of Nevers 965 1798 Nevers John IPhilip IICharles IJean IIEngelbert ICharles IIFrançois I [2][5][81]
Normandy
Normandy map.png
Duchy of Normandy 911 1789 Normandie Charles I [2][5]
Northumberland
Kingdom of Northumbria in AD 802.jpg
Earldom of Northumberland Northumberland [2][5][82]
Norway
Norgesveldet kart, uten Grønland.png
Kingdom of Norway Akershus Christian Frederik [2][3][83]
Nuremberg
Nuremberg within the Empire 1648.svg
Free Imperial City of Nuremberg 1219 1806 Nuremberg [2][3]
Oldenburg
Locator County of Oldenburg (1560).svg
County of Oldenburg 1091 1774 Oldenburg Christian VIDietrichChristian VIGerhard der MutigeAdolfJohann VJohann VIAnton IJohann VIIAnton Günther IPaul I von RußlandFriedrich August IWilhelm I [2][3]
Orleans
Duchy of Orléanais.png
Duchy of Orléans 1344 1926 Orleanais Louis ICharles ILouis IICharles IILouis IIICharles IIIHenri Alexandre I [2][5][84]
The Palatinate
Map of the Oberämter of the Electoral Palatinate (1789) - Numbered.svg
Electoral Palatinate 1085 1803 Heidelberg Rupert IIILudwig IIILudwig IVFriedrich IPhilipp der EdelmütigeLudwig VFriedrich II der WeiseOtto HeinrichFriedrich III der FrommeLudwig VIFriedrich IVFriedrich VKarl I LudwigKarl IIPhilipp WilhelmJohann WilhelmKarl III PhilippKarl IV Theodor [2][3][85]
The Papal State
Papal States 1815.svg
Papal States 754 1870 Roma Bonifatius IXInnocentius VIIGregorius XIIMartinus VEugenius IVNicholaus VCallistus IIIPius IIPaulus IIXystus IVInnocentius VIIIAlexander VIPius IIIIulius IILeo XHadrianus VIClemens VIIPaulus IIIIulius IIIMarcellus IIPaulus IVPius IVPius VGregorius XIIIXystus VUrbanus VIIGregorius XIVInnocentius IXClemens VIIILeo XIPaulus VGregorius XVUrbanus VIIIInnocentius XAlexander VIIClemens IXClemens XInnocentius XIAlexander VIIIInnocentius XIIClemens XIInnocentius XIIIBenedictus XIIIClemens XIIBenedictus XIVClemens XIIIClemens XIVPius VIPius VII [2][3][86]
Parma
DuchyofParma.png
Duchy of Parma 1545 1802 Parma Pier LuigiOttavioAlessandroRanuccio IOdoardo IRanuccio IIFrancesco MariaAntonioCarlo IFilippo IFerdinando IMaria Luigia [2][3]
Picardy
Picardy province.png
Province of Picardy Picardie [2][5]
Pisa
Espansione di Pisa.png
Republic of Pisa 1005 1406 Pisa Simone Orlandi [2][3]
Pomerania
Pomerania 1653.PNG
Duchy of Pomerania 1121 1637 Stettin Barnim VIWartislaw IXOta IIIEryk IIBoguslaw XBarnim XIJohann FriedrichBarnim XIIBoguslaw XIIIFilip IIFranciszek IBoguslaw XIV [2][3][87]
Portugal
Portuguese empire 1800.png
Kingdom of Portugal 1139 1910 Lisboa João IDuarteInfante Pedro (regent)Afonso VJoão IIManuel IJoão IIISebastião IHenrique I o Cardeal-ReiAntónio IJoão IVAfonso VIPedro IIJoão VJosé IMaria IJoão VI [2][5][88]
Provence
PACA.jpg
County of Provence 879 1481 Provence Louis IILouis IIIRené ICharles III [2][5][89]
Prussia
Ac.prussiamap3.png
Prussia 1525 1947 Königsberg AlbrechtAlbrecht FriedrichJohann SigismundGeorg WilhelmFriedrich WilhelmFriedrich IFriedrich Wilhelm IFriedrich II der GroßeFriedrich Wilhelm IIFriedrich Wilhelm III [2][42][90]
Ravensburg
Locator County of Ravensberg (1560).svg
County of Ravensberg 1140 1807 Oberschwaben [2][3]
Riga
Medieval Livonia 1260.svg
Archbishopric of Riga 1186 1561 Riga Johann VJohann VIHenning ScharffenbergSilvester StodwescherStephan GrubeMichael HildebrandJasper LindeJohann IV BlankenfeldeThomas SchöningWilhelm von Brandenburg [2][42][91]
Roman Empire
Eastern Mediterranean 1450.svg
Eastern Roman Empire 330 1453 Roma [2][3][92]
Salzburg
HRR 1789 Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden.png
Archbishopric of Salzburg 1328 1803 Salzburg Gregor SchenkEberhard IIIEberhard IVJohann IIFriedrich IVSiegmund I von ReispergBurkhard von WeisspriachBernhard II von RohrJohann III von GranFriedrich von SchaumburgSiegmund II von HolneckLeonhard von KeutschachMatthaus von WellenburgErnst von BayernMichael von KhuenburgJohann Jakob von KuonGeorg von KhuenburgWolfgang von RattenauMark Sittich von AltempsParis von LodronGuidobald von ThunMaximilian von KhuenburgJohann Ernst von ThunFranz Anton von HarrachLeopold Anton von FirmanJakob von LiechtensteinAndreas von DietrichsteinSiegmund III ChristofHieronymus von ColloredoFerdinand von Österreich [2][3]
Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia 1368-1388 -- 1392-1409.png
Kingdom of Sardinia 1324 1861 Sassari Mariano VGuglielmo I [2][3]
Sardinia-Piedmont
Kingdom of Sardinia 1815.svg
Kingdom of Sardinia (1700–1720) 1700 1720 Piedmont Vittorio Amedeo IICarlo Emanuele IIIVittorio Amedeo IIICarlo Emanuele IVVittorio Emanuele I [2][3][93]
Savoy
DuchyofSavoy1600.png
Duchy of Savoy 1416 1792 Savoie Amedeo VIIILudovico IAmedeo IXFiliberto ICarlo ICarlo IIFilippo IIFiliberto IICarlo IIIEmanuele Filiberto ICarlo Emanuele IVittorio Amedeo IFrancesco GiacintoCarlo Emanuele IIVittorio Amedeo II [2][3][94]
Saxe-Lauenburg
Lauenburg1848.png
Saxe-Lauenburg 1296 1803 Lauenburg Erich IVErich VBernhard IIJohann VMagnus IFranz IFranz IIAugustJulius HeinrichFrancis ErdmannJulius Franz [2][3]
Saxony
Electorate of Saxony within the Holy Roman Empire 1648.svg
Electorate of Saxony 1356 1806 Leipzig Rudolf IIIAlbrecht IIIFriedrich IFriedrich IIAlbrecht I der BeherzteGeorg der BärtigeHeinrich der FrommeMoritz IAugustChristian IChristian IIJohann Georg IJohann Georg IIJohann Georg IIIJohann Georg IVFriedrich August IFriedrich August IIFriedrich ChristianFriedrich August III [2][3][95]
Scandinavia Scandinavia Stockholm [2][3][96]
Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland Location Map.PNG
Kingdom of Scotland 843 1707 Lothian Robert IIIJames IJames IIJames IIIJames IVJames VMary IJames VICharles IAlexanderCharles IIJames VIIWilliam IIIJames VIIIAnne [2][5][97]
Sicily
Kingdom of sicily territorial evolution.gif
Kingdom of Sicily 1130 1816 Syracuse Maria IVittorio Amedeo IIFerrante IV [2][3]
Siena
Map of Italy (1494)-en.svg
Republic of Siena 1167 1555 Siena John GaleazzoJohn MariaPandolfo PetrucciCesare BorgiaPandolfo PetrucciBorghese PetrucciRaffaele PetrucciFrancesco PetrucciFabio Petrucci [2][3][98]
Silesia
Locator Silesia within the Holy Roman Empire (1618).svg
Duchies of Silesia 1335 1742 Ratibor Henryk IXRuprecht IILudwik IIIFryderyk IJan IIFryderyk IIFryderyk IIIHenryk XIFryderyk IVJoachim Fryderyk IJan Krystian IJerzy IIIKrystian IJerzy Wilhelm I [2][42][99]
Sligo
Sligo-Mayo East Dáil constituency 1921-1923.png
County of Sligo Sligo ToirdhealbhachMaghnusTadhgDomhnallRuaidhrÃFeidhlimidhTadhgDomnhnallAn CalbhachDonnchadh [2][5][100]
Spain
SpanishEmpire1790.svg
Spanish Empire 1492 1975 Madrid Carlos ICarlos VFelipe IIFelipe IIIFelipe IVCarlos IIFelipe VLuis IFelipe VFernando VICarlos IIICarlos IVFernando VIIJosé IFernando VII [2][5][101]
Styria
Landgerichte Burgfriede Steiermark 18 Jhdt.jpg
Duchy of Styria 1180 1918 Graz Wilhelm IErnst IFriedrich III [2][3]
Sweden
LocationSwedishEmpire.png
Swedish Empire 1611 1721 Stockholm Karl VIIIJöns BengtssonTure TuressonKarl VIIIKettil KarlssonJöns BengtssonErik AxelssonKarl VIIISten GustavssonArvidSvante NilssonSten SvantessonGustavGustav IErik XIVJohan IIISigismundKarl IXGustav II AdolfKristinaKarl X GustavKarl XIKarl XIIUlrika EleonoraFredrik IAdolf FredrikGustav IIIGustav IV AdolfKarl XIIIKarl XIV Johan [2][3][102]
Switzerland
Karte Zugewandte Orte.png
Old Swiss Confederacy 1300 1798 Bern [2][3][103]
Teutonic Order
TeutonicOrder1400.png
State of the Teutonic Order 1230 1525 Königsberg Konrad von JungingenUlrich von JungingenHeinrich von PlauenMichael KüchmeisterPaul von RusdorfKonrad von ErlichshausenLudwig von ErlichschausenHeinrich Reuss von PlauenHeinrich Reffle von RichtenbergMartin von WetzhausenJohann von TiefenFriedrich von SachsenAlbrecht von Hohenzollern [2][42][104]
Tirol
1799 Cary Map of Mantua, Venice and Tyrol, Italy - Geographicus - Venice-cary-1799.jpg
County of Tyrol 1140 1919 Tirol Wilhelm IFriedrich IVSigismund IFriedrich VMaximilian IKarl IFerdinand IFerdinand IIRudolfMaximilian IILeopold VClaudia de Medici (regent)Ferdinand CharlesSigismund Francis [2][3]
The Knights
Eastern Mediterranean 1450.svg
Knights Hospitaller 1099 Malta Philibert de NaillacAnton Flavian de RipaJean Bonpar de LasticJacques de MillyPiero Raimondo ZacostaGiovanni Battista OrsiniPierre d'AubussonEmery d'AmboiseGuy de BlanchefortFabrizio Di CarettoPhilippe de L'Isle AdamPiero del PonteDidier de Sainte-JailleJean de HomedesClaude de La SangleJean de La ValettePietro del MonteJean de la CassièreHughes de VerdalleMartin GarzèsAlof de WignacourtLuis Mendes de VasconcellosAntoine de PauleJean Lascaris CastellarMartin de RedinAnnett de Clermont-GessanRaphael Cotoner OlesaNicolas CotonerGregorio CarafaAdrien de WignacourtRamon Perellos y RocafulMarc'Antonio ZondadoriAntonio Manoel de VilhenaRamon DespuigManuel Pinto de FonsecaFrancisco Ximenes de TexadaEmmanuel de Rohan-PolducFerdinand von Hampesch [2][3][105]
Thomond
Kingdom of Thomond.png
Thomond 1118 1543 Limerick Turlough IIIConchobhar IIITadhg IIIMathghamhain DallTurlough IVTadhg IVDonnchad VIIIConchobhar IVTurlough VTurlough VIConchobhar VMuireadhach II [2][5][106]
Thuringia
Map of Thuringia (1680)-DE.svg
Duchy of Thuringia 632 1440 Thüringen Balthasar IFriedrich IVFriedrich VWilhelm IIIErnst IFriedrich IIIJohann IJohann Friedrich IJohann Wilhelm IAugust of Saxony's Regency (regent)Friedrich Wilhelm IJohann IIIJohann Ernst IWilhelm IVJohann Ernst IIWilhelm ErnstErnst August IErnst August IIAnna Amalia's Regency (regent)Karl August [2][3][107]
Toulouse
Tolosa.png
County of Toulouse 849 1271 Toulouse [2][5]
Trier
Kurtrier Homann 1720.jpg
Electorate of Trier 898 1801 Trier Werner von FalkensteinOtto von ZiegenhainRhaban von HelmstadtJakob von SirkJohann I von BadenJakob II von BadenRichard GreiffenklauJohann von MetzenhausenJohann IV von HagenJohann V von IsenburgJohann VI von der LeyenJakob III von EltzJohann von SchönenbergLothar von MetternichPhilipp von SötternKarl Kaspar von der LeyenJohann VIII von OsbeckKarl von LothringenFranz Ludwig von NeuburgFranz Georg von SchönbornJohann von WalderdorfKlemens von Sachsen [2][3]
Tuscany
Grand Duchy of Tuscany 1789.svg
Grand Duchy of Tuscany 1569 1801 Tuscany Maso degli AlbizziRinaldo degli AlbizziGiovanni I de MediciCosimo de MediciPiero il Gottoso de MediciLorenzo il MagnificoPiero il FatuoGirolamo SavonarolaPiero SoderinoGiuliano de MediciLorenzo de MediciGiulio di MediciAlessandro de MediciCosimo IFrancesco IFerdinando ICosimo IIFerdinando IICosimo IIIGian GastoneFrancesco IIPietro Leopoldo IFerdinando III [2][3][108]
Tyrone
Tyrone Ulster.png
Earldom of Tyrone Ulster NiallDonalEoghan IIEinrí IConn IEinrí IIDonal XIVArt IArt IIConn II BacachSéan ITurlough IÁed XIV [2][5]
Ulm
Reichsstadt Ulm 1789.png
Free Imperial City of Ulm 1181 1803 Ulm [2][3]
Ulster
Ulster locator map.svg
Earldom of Ulster 1205 1827 Ulster Art RoeDonalArthur [2][5]
Urbino
08 - Ducato di Urbino, 1635 - Henricus Hondius, Jan Jansson.jpg
Duchy of Urbino 1213 1625 Urbino Antonio IGidantonio IOddantonio IFederigo IIIGuidobaldo ICesare IFrancesco ILorenzo ICaterina IGuidobaldo IIFrancesco Maria IIFrancesco Ubaldo I [2][3]
Utrecht
Locator Prince-Bishopric of Utrecht (1350).svg
Episcopal principality of Utrecht 1024 1528 Utrecht Frederick IIIRudolf IGijsbrecht IDavid IFrederik IVFilips IHendrik II [2][5]
Venice
Repubblica di Venezia.png
Republic of Venice 697 1797 Venezia Antonio VenierMichele StenoTomasso MocenigoFrancesco FoscariniPasquale MalipieroCristoforo MoroNicolò TronNicolò MarcelloPietro MocenigoAndrea VendaminGiovanni MocenigoMarco BarbangoAgostino BarbangoLeonardo LoredanoAntonio GrimaniAndrea GrittiPietro LandoFranco DonatoFrancesco VenierLaurenti PriuliGirolamo PriuliPietro LoredanAlvise Mocenigo ISebastiano VenierNicoló da PontePasquale CicognaMarino GrimaniLeonardo Loredano IIMarco MemoGiovanni BemboNicoló DonatoAntonio PriuloFranco ContariniGiovanni Cornari INicoló ContariniFrancesco ErizzoFrancesco MolinoCarlo ContariniFrancesco CornelloBertuccio ValieroGiovanni PesaroDomenico II ContariniNicoló SagredoAlvise ContariniMarcantonio GiustinianiFrancesco MorosiniSilvestro ValieroAlvise II MocenigoGiovanni Cornaro IIAlvise III MocenigoCarlo RuzziniAlvise PisaniPietro GrimaniFrancesco LoredanMarco FoscariniAlvise IV MocenigoPaulo RainieroLudovico Manin [2][3][109]
Verden
Bremen-Verden1655.jpg
Verden 1180 1807 Stade Otto IIJohann IINicolaus IBaldwin IGerhard IIIHeinrich IIJohann III RodeCristoph IGeorg IHeinrich IIIJohann Adolf IJohann Friedrich IFriedrich II [2][3][110]
Wales
CymruLlywelyn.PNG
Principality of Wales 1216 1542 Gwynedd [2][5][111]
Westphalia
Map-RB-1812-Westphalia.svg
Kingdom of Westphalia 1807 1813 Hessen Jérôme [2][3][112]
Wurttemberg
Wuerttemberg1.png
Duchy of Württemberg 1495 1803 Württemberg Eberhard IIIEberhard IVUlrich VEberhard IEberhard IIUlrichChristophLudwig der FrommeFriedrich IJohann FriedrichEberhard IIIWilhelm LudwigFriedrich KarlEberhard LudwigKarl AlexanderKarl EugenLudwig EugenFriedrich II EugenFriedrich IWilliam I [2][3]
Wurzburg
Locator Franconian Circle.svg
Bishopric of Würzburg 1168 1803 Würzburg GerhardJohann IJohann IISigmund von SachsenGottfried IVJohann III von GrumbachRudolf II von SchrenbergLorenz von BibraKonrad von ThüngenHeinrich PfeifferKonrad von BibraMelchior von GiebelstadtFriedrich von WirsbergJulius von MespelbrunnJohann von AschausenPhilipp von EhrenbergFranz von HatzfeldJohann von SchönbornJohann von RosenbachPeter von DernbachKonrad Wilhelm von WernauJohann von GuttenbergJohann von GreiffenklauJohann Philipp FranzChristoph von HuttenFriedrich von SchönbornAnselm von IngelheimKarl von GreiffenklauAdam von SeinsheimFranz Ludwig von ErthalGeorg Karl von FechenbachFerdinand von Osterreich [2][3][113]

Eastern[edit]

Technology
group
Nation
name
Map Historical
nation
Start End Capital Names Notes
Eastern Achaea
Achia.jpg
Principality of Achaea 1205 1432 Achaea Pietro IMaria IICenturione II [2][42]
Albania
Venezia Montenegro.svg
Principality of Kastrioti 1389 1468 Albania Gjergj SkanderbegGjon IIConstantino [2][42][114]
Armenia
Armenia Throughout History.gif
Turkmen Armenia 1335 1508 Yerevan [2][42][115]
Bosnia
Medieval Bosnian State Expansion-en.svg
Kingdom of Bosnia 1377 1463 Visoki Stjepan OstojaStjepan OstojicRadivoj OstojicStjepan Tvrtko IIStjepan Tomaš OstojicStjepan Tomaševic [2][42][115]
Bulgaria
Bulgaria-Ivan Asen 2.png
Second Bulgarian Empire 1185 1422 Tarnovo [2][42][116]
Byzantium
Eastern Mediterranean 1450.svg
Byzantine Empire 330 1453 Constantinople Manuel IIIoannes VIIIKonstantinos XI [2][42][117]
Chernigov
Principalities of Kievan Rus' (1054-1132).jpg
Principality of Chernigov 988 1402 Chernigov [2][42]
Circassia
Circassia in 1750.png
Circassia 1500 1864 Circassia Petrezok [2][42][118]
Commonwealth
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (orthographic projection).svg
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569 1795 Krakow Henryk IStefan IZygmunt IIIWladyslaw IVJan II KazimierzMichal I KorybutJan IIIAugust II MocnyStanislaw IAugust III SasStanislaw II [2][42][119]
Corfu
Corfu topographic map-blank.svg
Corfu under Venetian rule 1363 1797 Corfu Carlos ICarlos IILeonardo II [2][42]
Crete
Crete Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (1895).png
Ottoman Crete 1646 1898 Crete [2][42]
Croatia
Croatia 1260.png
Croatia in the union with Hungary 1102 1526 Zagreb JohnLászlóHerman IIMirkoIvanBlaz MadarDamjanHerceg IvanIvanMirkoIvan [2][42][120]
Epirus
Epir1315-1358.png
Despotate of Epirus 1356 1479 Crete Esau IGiorgio ICarlos ICarlos II [2][42]
Galicia-Volhynia
Alex K Halych-Volhynia general.png
Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia 1199 1349 Volhynia [2][42]
Georgia
Caucasus 1405 map de alt.svg
Kingdom of Georgia
Kingdom of Kartli
1008 1762 Kartli Giorgi VIIKonstantine IAleksandre IVakhtang IVGiorgi VIIBagrat VIKonstantiné IIDavit XGiorgi IXLuarsab ISimon IGiorgi XHeraclius II [2][42][121]
Greece
Empèri Otoman - Expansion territòriala de 1307 a 1683.png
Ottoman Greece 1458 1832 Athens [2][42][122]
Hungary
Central europe 1683.png
Kingdom of Hungary I
Kingdom of Hungary II
1301 1867 Pest Sigismund ILadislaus PostumusMátyásJános IJános IIIstvánChristoferSigismundMihai ViteazulIstvánGáborGyörgy IGyörgy IIFerenc IFerenc II [2][42][123]
Imereti
Kingdom of Georgia after dissolution as a unified state, 1490 AD.svg
Kingdom of Imereti 1260 1810 Imereti Bagrat IIAlexander IIBagrat IIIGeorge IILevanRostomBagrat IVGeorge IIIAlexander IIIBagrat IVGeorge IVAlexander IVArchilGeorge VSimonMamia IIIGeorge VIGeorge VIIAlexander VSolomon IDavid IISolomon II [2][124]
Jerusalem
Map Crusader states 1135-en.svg
Kingdom of Jerusalem 1099 1291 Jerusalem [2][42][125]
Karelia
East and West Karelias.png
East Karelia 1617 1918 Karelia [2][42]
Kiev
Rus de Kiev en 1237.png
Kiev Voivodeship 1471 1793 Kiev [2][42][126]
Krakow
Map of Poland in Przemysł II times.jpg
Krakow Voivodeship 1300 1795 Krakow [2][42]
Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1430.png
Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1236 1795 Vilna VytautasSvitrigailaZygimantasKazimierzAleksandras IZygimantas I StaryZygimantas II August [2][42][127]
Livonia
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1619).png
Duchy of Livonia 1561 1621 Dorpat [2][42]
Mazovia
Mazowieckie płockie rawskie.png
Duchy of Masovia 1138 1526 Warszawa Janusz IBoleslaw IVKonrad III RudyStanislawJanusz III [2][42]
Moldavia
Partitions of Moldavia.jpg
Moldavia 1346 1859 Iuga KoriatoviciAlexandru I cel BunIlias IStefan IIPetru IIIRoman IIPetru IIBogdan IIPetru III AronStefan III cel MareBogdan IIIPetru IV RaresIlias IIAlexandru IVIoan III cel CumplitPetru V SchiopulStefan VIIIIeremia MovilaConstantin I MovilaStefan IX TomsaAlexandru VIII CoronulVasileGheorge I StefanStefan XEustratieGheorge IIIConstantin III CantemirConstantin IVMahai IIIDimitrieNicolaeGrigore IConstantin VConstantin VIGrigore IIGrigore IIIConstantin VIIAlexandru IXAlexandru XAlexandru XIMahai IV SutuAlexandru XIIConstantin VIIIAlexandru XIIIScarlat IIMahai V [2][42]
Montenegro
19ceuromonte.png
Zeta under the Crnojevići
Zeta under the Crnojevići
Sanjak of Scutari
Montenegro Vilayet
Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro
1362 1852 Zeta Djurad IIBalsha IIIStepan IJovan IDjuradj IVStepan IIJovan IIDjuradj VVavilaGerman IIPavleVasilije INikodimMakrijeRufim IPahomije IIGerasimVenjaminNikanorRufim IIMardarija IVisarion IMardarija IIRufim IIIVasilije IIVisarion IISava IDanilo ISava IIPetar I [2][42][128]
Morea
Despotate of Morea 1450.svg
Despotate of the Morea 1349 1460 Morea Theodoros ITheodoros IIDemetrios II [2][42]
Muscovy
Muscovy 1390 1525.png
Grand Duchy of Moscow 1283 1547 Moskva Vasiliy IVasiliy II TemnyIvan III Veliky [2][42][129]
Naxos
Duchy of Naxos locator.svg
Duchy of Naxos 1207 1579 Naxos Giacomo IGiovanni IIGiacomo IIGian GiacomoGuglielmo IIFrancesco IIGiacomo IIIGiovanni IIIFrancesco IIIGiovanni IVGiacomo IVGiuseppe [2][42][130]
Nitra
Nitra moravia 833.png
Principality of Nitra Érsekújvár [2][42]
Nizhny Novgorod
Map of Russia - Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (2008-03).svg
Nizhny Novgorod Nizhny Novgorod Dmitry I [2][42][131]
Novgorod
Novgorod1400.png
Novgorod Republic 1136 1478 Novgorod Evfimy IIIonaFeofil [2][42][132]
Odoyev Odoyev Odayev IvanSemen [2][42]
Perm
Great Perm and Pelym principalities RU.jpg
Great Perm 1323 1505 Cherdyn Yermolay IMikhail IMatvey I [2][42][133]
Poland
Polska 1386 - 1434.png
Kingdom of Poland 1385 1569 Krakow Kazimierz IVJan I OlbrachtAleksander IZygmunt I StaryZygmunt II AugustHenryk IStefan IZygmunt IIIWladyslaw IVJan II KazimierzMichal I KorybutJan IIIAugust II MocnyStanislaw IAugust III SasStanislaw II [2][42][134]
Polotsk
Alex K Polotsk general.png
Principality of Polotsk 987 1397 Polotsk [2][42][135]
Pskov
IRP 1466.PNG
Pskov Republic 1348 1510 Pskov IvanDaniilKonstantinAleksandr IVAndrei IIFyodor IFyodor IIDmitriy IVladimir IIAleksandr VAleksandr VIVasiliy IIIIvan IVValdimir IIIIvan VFyodor IIIYaroslav IIDaniil IIVasiliy IVSemyonVasiliy VIvan VIDmitriyIvan VII [2][42][136]
Ragusa
Ragusa.png
Republic of Ragusa 1358 1808 Ragusa [2][42][137]
Russia
Russian Empire (orthographic projection).svg
Tsardom of Russia
Russian Empire
1547 1917 Moskva Ivan III VelikyVasiliy IIIIvan IV GroznyFedor IBoris IDmitryVasiliy IVVladislav IMikhail IAleksey IFedor IIIPyotr I VelikyYekaterina IPyotr IIAnna IIvan VIElizaveta IPyotr IIIYekaterina II VelikayaPavel IAleksandr I [2][42][138]
Ruthenia
RON województwo ruskie map.svg
Ruthenian Voivodeship 1434 1772 Kiev [2][42][139]
Ryazan Principality of Ryazan 1097 1521 Ryazan Oleg IvanovichFyodor OlegovichIvan Fyodorovich [2][42][140]
Romania
Romania 1859-1878.png
Early Modern Romania 1600 1881 Targoviste [2][42][141]
Sapmi
Corrected Sapmi in Europe.PNG
Sápmi Lappland [2][42][142]
Serbia
Serbian Despotate (1422)-en.svg
Serbian Despotate
Revolutionary Serbia
Principality of Serbia
1402 1459 Serbia Stefan IIÐurad ILazar IIStefan IIIStjepan TomaševicÐorde I PetrovicMilosh I [2][42][143]
Smolensk Principality of Smolensk 1054 1387 Smolensk Yury I [2][42][144]
Theodoro
Caffa and Theodoro.PNG
Principality of Theodoro 1300 1475 Theodoro AlexisManuel OlubeiIsaacAlexander [2][42][145]
Transylvania
Central europe 1683.png
Principality of Transylvania 1570 1711 Hunyad StiborMiklósJánosJános IJános IIIstvánChristoferSigismundMihaiIstvánGáborGáborGyörgy IGyörgy IIFerenc IFerenc II [2][42][146]
Trebizond
Trebizond1300.png
Empire of Trebizond 1204 1461 Trebizond Manuel IIIAlexios IVIoannes IVDauid [2][42][147]
Tver Principality of Tver 1246 1485 Tver Mikhail IIIvanBorisMikhail IIIIvan II [2][42][148]
Wallachia
Wallachia 13-16c.svg
Wallachia 1330 1859 Tîrgoviste Mircea IMihail IRadu II ChelulDan IIAlexandru IVlad IIBasarab IIVladislav IIVlad III TepesRadu II cel FrumosBasarab II LaoiotaBasarab III cel TînarVlad IV CalugarulRadu IV cel MareNeagoe BasarabRadu V de la AfumatiMircea III CiobanulPetru cel TînarAlexandru IIMihnea II TurcitulMihai II ViteazulRadu IX MihneaAlexandru V CoconulLeonMatei I BasarabConstantin IGrigore IGheorge IISerban IIConstantin IINicolae IIConstantin IIIAlexandru VIIGrigore IIIAlexandru VIIMihai IV SutuAlexandru VIIIConstantin VConstantin VIIoan IIAlexandru IX Sutu [2][42][149]
Yaroslavl Principality of Yaroslavl 1218 1463 Yaroslavl Ivan BolshoyFedorAlexandr Bryukhatiy [2][42][150]
Zaporozhie
007 Ukrainian Cossack Hetmanate and Russian Empire 1751.jpg
Zaporizhian Sich 1471 1828 Zaporozhia LyantskoronskyKishkaVishnevetsky-BaydaM. VishnevetskyIvan SvirgovskyBogdan RuzhinskyIvan II PidkovaYakiv I ShakhLukyan ChornynskySamiylo IIZakhar KulagaLukyan ChornskySemen I SkalozubV ChanovytskyK. KosynskyG. LobodaShaula, Krempsky & NechGnat VassylevskyBaybuza & PolousGavrylo KortnevychSamiylo III KishkaKortnevych & KutskovychZborovskyAndriyevchTyskinevychP. SagaydachnyOlifer GolubM. DoroshenkoM. DoroshenkoK. VovkIvan V SulymaG. ChornyOrendarenkoIvan VI KulagaGavrylovychSamiylo IV SulymaIvan V SylymaVassyl TomylenkoSava, Pavlyuk & GunyaGunyaKarpo P.Gulak-BulyukBogdan IV KhmelnitskyIvan I VygovskyyYuriy KhmelnitskyDivisional HetmansIvan IV MazepIvan V SkoropadskyPavlo II PolubotokDanylo ApostolRozumovsky [2][42][151]

Anatolian[edit]

Technology
group
Nation
name
Map Historical
nation
Start End Capital Names Notes
Anatolian Aydin
Anatolia1300.png
Beylik of Aydin 1308 1426 Sugla Umar IIJunayd [2][124]
Candar
Anadolu Beylikleri.png
Beylik of Candar 1292 1461 Sinop IsfendiyarIbrâhim IIIsmâilAhmed [2][124]
Dulkadir
Anadolu Beylikleri.png
Beylik of Dulkadir 1337 1522 Marash MehmedSülaymânMelik ArslanSâh BudakSahsuvarAlaüddevle BozkurtSahsuvaroglu Ali [2][124]
Eretna
Eretna Beyliği'nin konumu.png
Beylik of Eretna 1335 1381 Sivas [2][124]
Germiyan
Anatolia1300.png
Beylik of Germiyan 1300 1429 Kütahya Yakub II [2][124]
Karaman
Anatolia1300.png
Beylik of Karaman 1250 1487 Karaman Alâeddîn ISeyfeddîn SüleymânMehmed IIAlâeddîn Ali IIIbrâhîm IISultanzâde IshâkPîr AhmedKâsimTurgutoglu Mahmûd [2][124][152]
Mentese
Anatolia1300.png
Beylik of Menteşe 1260 1424 Mentese Ilyas I [2][124]
Ottomans
OttomanEmpireIn1683.png
Ottoman Empire 1299 1922 Edirne Mehmet II FatihMurad IIBayezid IISelim I YavuzSüleyman I KanuniSelim IIMurad IIIMehmet IIIAhmet IMustafa I DeliOsman IIMustafa IMurad IVIbrahim IMehmet IVSüleyman IIAhmet IIMustafa IIAhmet IIIMahmud IOsman IIIMustafa IIIAbdülhamid ISelim IIIMustafa IVMahmud II [2][124][153]
Ramazan
Anadolu Beylikleri.png
Beylik of Ramazan 1352 1608 Adana Sihâbeddîn Ahmed IIbrâhim IIIzeddîn Hamza IMehmed IEylük IDündar IÖmer IGiyâseddîn Halil ISelim IMahmud IKubad Pasa IPîrî Mehmed Pasa IDervis IIbrahim IIIMehmed IIPir Mansur I [2][124]
Saruhan
Anadolu Beylikleri.png
Beylik of Saruhan 1300 1410 Saruhan Hizir I [2][124]

Muslim[edit]

Technology
group
Nation
name
Map Historical
nation
Start End Capital Names Notes
Muslim Adal
Adal.PNG
Adal Sultanate 1415 1577 Harer SabrMansurJamalBadlayMohammedShamsMohamedMahfuz'AbuAhmad GranBat'iahNur [2][154]
Afghanistan
Durrani Empire 1747 1862 AD.png
Hotak dynasty
Durrani Empire
Emirate of Afghanistan
1501 1926 Kandahar HakimMir WaysMir 'Abd-al'AzizMir MahmudMir AshrafMir HusaynAhmad Shah Durr-i-DurranTaimur ShahZaman ShahMahmud ShahShuja ShahMahmud ShahAli ShahAyub Shah [2][124][155]
Algiers
Algiers Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1609).png
Ottoman Algeria 1517 1830 Algiers SalimOruc ReisHayreddin BarbarossaHasanSalah ReisHasanMuhammadHasanAhmadHasanMuhammadUluç Ali ReisAhmedRamadanHassanDjafarAhmadKhizrShabanMustafaHassanSüleymanKhizrMustafaRizvanMustafaHassanMustafaHassanKhizrMuradHusseinYusufAbuMuhammedYusufMehmedIsmailChabaneAhmedHassanMustafaHusseinMuhamedIbrahim'Ali IMuhammad I'AbdiIbrâhîm IIbrâhîm IIMuhammad II'Alî IIMuhammad IIIMustafaAhmed'Alî III'Umar'Alî IVHusain III [2][124][156]
Andalusia
Coras del Emirato de Córdoba.png
Andalusia Cordoba [2][124][157]
Arabia
Arabian Peninsula (orthographic projection).png
Arabian Peninsula Mecca [2][124][158]
Ardalan
Kurdish states 1835.png
Ardalan 1169 1867 Ardalan BawaTimurHeloAhmadSoleimanSobhanverdiKhosrowAman-Allah [2][124]
Baluchistan
Kalat Map.gif
Khanate of Kalat 1666 1955 Quetta KumbarMir ChakarMir ShahzadKumbarHasanAhmad IMir Mehrab ISamandarAhmad IIMir AbdullahMir MuhabbatMir Muhammad Naseer IMir Mahmud I [2][124][159]
Bohtan
Kurdish states 1835.png
Bohtan 700 1847 Cizre Badr Khan [2][124]
Bukhara
Bukhara1600.png
Khanate of Bukhara
Emirate of Bukhara
1500 1920 Kypshak MuhammadKochkunjuAbu SaidUbaydullaAbdulla IAbdul-AzizAbdul-LatifNavruz AhmadPir Muhammad IIskandarAbdulla IIAbdul-MuminPir Muhammad IIBaqi MuhammadVali MuhammadImam QuliNadir MuhammadAbdul-AzizSubhan QuliUbaydulla IIAbu'l-FeizAbdul-MuminMuhammad RahimDaniyalShahmuradHaydar [2][160]
Djerid
Chott el Jerid.jpg
Sultanate of Djerid Gafsa AbuAbu IIHassanHassan IIHassan IIIAbu IIIAbu IVAbu VHassan IV [2][154]
Egypt
Egypt under Muhammad Ali Dynasty map en.svg
Egypt Eyalet 1517 1867 Cairo [2][161]
Fez
Wattasids - Simplified map.PNG
Wattasid dynasty 1472 1554 Fez Muhammad IMuhammad IIAli Abu Hassun (regent)AhmadMohammed al-Hajj [2][154]
Fezzan
Map of traditional provinces of Libye-en.svg
Sultanate of Fezzan Fezzan AbdûlazzâAbdûlazzâ IIAbdûlazzâ IIIMuhammad ibn al-MustansirAl-NasirAl-MansurTahirMuhammad INagibMuhammad II al-NasirMuhammad IIIAhmad ITahir IIAhmad IIMuhammad IVMuhammad VMuhammad VIYusuf al-Mukkani [2][154]
Gazikumukh Gazikumukh Shamkhalate
Gazikumukh Khanate
700 1860 Khundzia ShamkhalAlibekUmal-MuhammadBudaiSurkhay IChopanAlibek ISurkhay IIAndiaEldarAidermirAlibek IISurkhay IIIMurtazaliMuhammadSurkhay IV [2][124]
Granada
Reino de Granada.svg
Emirate of Granada 1238 1492 Granada Muhammad VIIYûsuf IIIMuhammad VIIIMuhammad IXMuhammad XSa'd I CirizaYûsuf VAlí I Muley HacénMuhammad XII BoabdilMuhammad XIII [2][5][162]
Haasa Haasa ? 1795 Al-Qatif Ajwad ibn ZamilMuqrin ibn ZamilMuhammad ISadun IBarrak IAliSulyamanUrayir ibn DudjaynSadun IIZayidBarrak IINadjim ibn DuhaynimSulayman ibn Muhammad [2][124]
Hejaz
Estats de l'Empire du Grand Seigneur des Turcs - 1695 - Estats du cherif de la Mecque.jpg
Sharifate of Mecca
Hejaz
968 1925 Mecca Ahmad IIIHasan IIBarakât I'Ali IIIAbu'l QasimBarakât IMuhammad VBarakât IIMuhammad VIal-Hasan IIIAbu't-TâlibIdrîs IIMuhsîn IAhmad VIMas'ûd I'Abd Allâh IZayidSa'd IBarakât IIIAhmad VIIAhmad VIIIMushîn IISa'd ISa'id II'Abd al-KarîmYahyâ IMubârak'Abdilâh IMuhammad VIIIMas'ûd IIIMusâ'adAhmad IXSururGâlibYahyâ II [2][124][163]
Hormuz Ormus 900 1650 Hormuz Fakhr al-Din [2][124][164]
Hisn Kayfa
Batman districts.png
Hisn Kayfa Sultanate 1350 1462 Hisn Kayfa al-'Adil Fakhr al-Dinal-Ashraf Sharaf al-Dinal-Salih Salah al-Dinal-Kamil IV AhmadKhalil [2][165]
Iraq
Baghdad Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1609).png
Baghdad Eyalet 1535 1864 Baghdad [2][124]
Kabylia
Kabylie topographic map-fr.svg
Kabylie
Kingdom of Kuku
Kingdom of Ait Abbas
1515 1872 Kabylia AbderrahmaneAhmed IAbdelazizAhmed ISidi NaceurBetkaBouzidBouzid IIAbdesselemBouzid IIIAbdallah [2][154]
Khiva
Хивинское ханство.png
Khanate of Khiva 1511 1920 Urgench Ilbars IHadjiHassan QuliBudjugaSufyanKalAgatayDostHadjiArab MuhammadIsfandiyarAbu'l-Ghazi IAnushaKhudaydadArangJuchiValiNiyazYadgarIsimSher GhaziIlbars IIAbu'l-Ghazi MuhammadAbu'l-Ghazi IIGhaip Khan IAbdullah QarabayTimur GhaziTawkeShah GhaziAbu'l-Ghazi IIIIltazarMuhammad Rahim I [2][124][166]
Khorasan
Map of Afghanistan during the Safavid and Moghul Empire.jpg
Greater Khorasan 821 1881 Birjand Babur Ibn-BaysunkurIbrahimAbû Sa'idHussein BaiqaraShah Rukh [2][124]
Kokkand Kokkand Kokand ShahrukhAbdul-RahimAbdul-KarimMuhammad BabaIrdanaSuleymanNarbutaAlimMuhammad Umar [2][167]
Lebanon
Sidon Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1795).png
Sidon Eyalet 1660 1864 Sidon [2][124]
Mamluks
Mamluk Sultanate of Cairo 1317 AD.jpg
Mamluk Sultanate 1250 1517 Cairo al-Nasr FarajShaikh al-MahmudiMuhammad IVBarsbaiJaqmaqInâlKhûshqadamQâ'itbayMuhammad IIQânsûh IJânbalatQânsûh IITûmân Bay IIAlî l-KabîrMehmedMuradOsmanMuhammad 'Alî [2][124][168]
Morocco
Maroc - fin XVIe siècle.PNG
Marinid dynasty
Wattasid dynasty
Saadi dynasty
Alaouite dynasty
1244 Fez Abu-Sa'id Uthman IIIAbdalhaqq IIMohammed ibn Ali Amrani-JouteyMuhammad I'Abd Allâh IMuhammad IIAbu MarawanAhmad II'Abd Allâh IIZaydân'Abd al-Malikal-WalîdMuhammad IIIAbd al-Karim ibn Abi-BakrAbu Bakr ibn Abd al-Karimar-RashidIsmâ'îlAhmad'Abd AllâhMuhammad IIIal-YazîdSulaymân [2][154][169]
Mughals
Mughal1700.png
Mughal Empire 1526 1857 Central Doab BâburHumâyûnAkbar IJahângîrShâh JehânAurangzîb AlamgirBahâdur Shâh IJahandar ShahFarrukh SiyarRafi-ul DarjatRafi ud-DaulahMuhammad IbrahimMuhammad ShâhAhmad Shâh'Alamgir IIShâh Jahân IIIShâh 'Alam IIAkbar II [2][124][170]
Mzab M'zab State Mzab HassanBahayouBakirAbu ZakariyaDahmanAbd al-Aziz [2][154]
Najd
Saudi Arabia - Nejd region locator.png
Najd Emirate
Emirate of Diriyah
1818 Al-Arid WatbanManiRabi'a IMusa IIbrahim IMarkhan IRabi'a IIWatbanMarkhan IIMuhammad INasir IMarkhan IIIIbrahim IIIdrisSultan'Abd AllahMusa ISa'ud IMuhammad IIZayid'Abd al-'Aziz ISaud IIAbdullah I [2][124][171]
Oman
Maskat & Oman map.png
Oman 751 1970 Masqat MahzumSulaymân'UmarMuhammaed I • Ahmad • Abu'l-Hasan • Muhammad II • Barakât • Makhzûm • Habhân • 'Umayr • NâsirSultân IAbi'l-'Arab ISayf ISultân IIMuhannâSayf IIMuhammad IIISultân IIIAbi'l-'Arab IIAhmadSâ'îd ISâlim ISâ'îd II [2][124][172]
Persia
Afsharid dynasty (greatest extent).svg
Persian Empire -559 1979 Tabriz JoneidHaidarIsmâ'îl IThamâsp IIsmâ'îl IIMuhammad KhudabandaHamza MirzaAbu TalibAbbas ISafi IAbbas IISuleiman ISultan Husain IThamasp IIAbbas IIINadirAdilIbrahimShah RukhSuleiman IIIsmail IIIKarim KhanZaki KhanSadeq KhanAli MoradJa'far KhanLotf Ali KhanAga MuhammadFath Alî [2][124][173]
Semien
Map of Ethiopia circa 1540.png
Kingdom of Semien 350 1627 Semien Gideon VGideon VIJoramRadiCalebGoshenGideon VIIPinchas [2][124][174]
Shammar
Alrasheed hail english.png
Shammar Jabal Shammar Abdullah [2][124][175]
Sharjah
Sharjah in United Arab Emirates.svg
Emirate of Sharjah 1727 Qawasim RashidSaqr ISultan I • ah-Husayn • al-Hasan [2][124]
Shirvan
John Pinkerton. Map of Persia. 1818.E. Shirvan.jpg
Shirvan 861 1538 Shirvan Ibrahim I MuhammadIbrahim IFarrukhsiyar Khalil IBahram FarrukhsiyarGhazi FarrukhsiyarMahmud GhaziIbrahim IIIbrahim III [2][124]
Sus
Guillaume Delisle Morocco 1707.jpg
Kingdom of Sus 1250 1850 Sus BarakatAbu HassunMuhammad [2][154]
Syria
Ottoman Syria.png
Mamluk Syria 1516 Damascus [2][124][176]
Tabarestan
Tabaristan-EN.svg
Tabaristan 655 1598 Mazandaran 'Adud ud-Dawlah QubadSa'ad ud-Dawlah TusKayumarthBakir AlmalufKai-Ka'us IIJahangirBisutun IIBahmanKayumarth IIAzizJahangir II [2][124]
Tafilalt
Conquetes SaadiennesV2.svg
Tafilalt 1668 Tafilalt Muhammad al-QaimAhmad al-ArajMohammed ash-SheikhAbdallah al-GhalibMoulay Ali CherifMuhammad ibn Sharifar-Rashid [2][154]
Tlemcen
Zayyanids1300-1500.png
Kingdom of Tlemcen 1235 1556 Tlemcen Muhammad IIIAbdallah IMuhammad IVAbd al-WahidMuhammad VAhmad IIMuhammad VIMuhammad VIIMûsa III'Abd Allâh IIIAhmad IIIal-Hasan [2][154]
Touggourt
Touggourt territory 1934-1955 map-fr.svg
Touggourt Sultanate 1414 1854 Touggourt MubarakAli IIIMustafaSulayman IIIAhmad IIMuhammad al-'AkhalAhmad IVFarhatIbrahimAbd al-QadirKhalidAbd al-Qadir AhmadUmar bin KumetinMuhammad IIUmar bin Muhammad IIAhmad VIAbd al-Kadir IIFarhat IIIbrahim IIMuhammad III [2][154]
Tripoli
Tripolitania Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1609).png
Ottoman Tripolitania 1551 1911 Tripoli Oruç ReisMuslihiddin ReisTurgut ReisMuradYahya • Jafar • Kaid • Hussein • Ibrahim • Iskander • Selim • Ali • Ahmad • Suleiman • Mustafa • RamadanMehmedOsmanOsmanBali • Halil • Mustafa • Ibrahim • OsmanMehmed • Hassan • Ali • Abdallah • Ibrahim • MehmedOsmanMustafaKhalilIsmailMehmedAhmad IMehmed I'Alî I'Alî BorgulYusuf [2][154][177]
Tunis
Hafsid1400.png
Sultanate of Tunis
Ottoman Tunisia
Beylik of Tunis
1229 1881 Tunis 'UthmanYahyâ III'Abd al-Mu'minZakariyâ' IIMuhammad VMuhammad VIAhmad IIIMuhammad VIIMuhammedIbrahimMoussaUthmanYusufMurad IMuhammad IMurad IIMuhammad IIMuhammad IIIAli IMuhammad el-HafsiRamadanMurad IIIIbrahimUmarHusaynAbuMuhammadAliHammudaUthmanMahmud [2][154][178]
Yemen
Greater Yemen.png
Greater Yemen ? 1990 Sana'a Isma'il ISaladin Ahmad'AbdallahIsma'il IIYahyaIsma'il IIIYusuf IISalâh ad-Din 'Amir I'Alî'Abd al-WahhâbSalâh ad-Din 'Amir IIal-QâsimMuhammad IIsmâ'îlAhmad IMuhammad IIMuhammad IIIal-Qâsim Ial-Husaynal-'Abbâs'Alî IAhmad IIAbdallah I [2][124]

Indian[edit]

Technology
group
Nation
name
Map Historical
nation
Start End Capital Names Notes
Indian Andhra
Reddy Kingdom.png
Andhrapuramu 1325 1448 Konaseema KumaragiriKataya VemaAlladaVeerabhadraRaghuveera [2][179][180][181]
Assam
Ahom-kingdom-c1826p.png
Kingdom of Assam 1228 1826 Assam SudangphaSujangphaSiphakphaSusenphâSuhenphâSupimphâSuhungmungSuklenmungSukhamphâSusengphâSuramphâSutyinphâSutamlaSupungmungSunyatphâSuklamphâSuhungGobarSujinphâSudalphâSulikphâSupatphâSukrungphâSutanphâSunenphâSuramphâSuyeophâSuhitpangphâSuklingphâSudinphaBrajnatha [2][179][182][183]
Ahmednagar
Deccan sultanates 1490 - 1687 ad.png
Ahmadnagar Sultanate 1490 1636 Ahmadnagar Ahmad Shah IBurhan Shah IMurtaza Shah IMaran Husayn Shah IIIsma'il ShahBurhan Shah IIIbrahim ShahAhmad ShahBahadur ShahMurtaza Shah IIBurhan Shah IIIHusayn Shah II [2][179][184]
Bagelkhand
India Bagelkhand locator map.svg
Rewa State 1140 1948 Bagelkhand Virama DevShaktivan DeoVeer SinghVirbhan SinghRamachandra SinghDuryodhan SinghVikramadityaAmar Singh IIAnoop SinghBhao SinghAnirudh SinghAvadhut SinghAjit SinghJai Singh [2][179][185]
Baglana
Jawhar-Dharampur map.jpg
Dharampur State 1637 Baglana JopidevaNanadeva IIBhairavaBhairava IIViramasenaBhairava IIISomdevjiSahadevjiDharamdevji RamdevjiSomdevjiRupdevji SomdevjiVijayadevji Rupdevji [2][179][186]
Bahmanis
Bahamani-sultanate-map.svg
Bahmani Sultanate
Bidar Sultanate
1347 1619 Bidar Taj ud-Din FiruzAhmad Shah I WaliAla ud-Din Ahmad Shah IIAla ud-Din Humayun ShahMakhduma-e-Jahan Nargis BegumMuhammad Shah IIIQasim IAmir IAliIbrahimQasim IIAli IIAmir IIMirza AliAmir III [2][179][187][188]
Baroda
Baroda state 1909.jpg
Baroda State 1721 1949 Baroda Pilaji RaoDamaji Rao IISayaji Rao IFateh Singh RaoManaji RaoGovind RaoAnand RaoSayaji Rao II [2][179][189]
Bastar
Bastar-Kanker-Imperial Gazetteer.jpg
Bastar State 1324 1948 Bastar Hamir DeoBhaitai DeoPurushottam DeoPratap DeoDigpal DeoRajpal DeoDakhin SinghDalpat DeoDaryao DeoMahipal Deo [2][179][190]
Bengal
Mint Towns and Realm of Bengal Sultanate.png
Bengal Sultanate
Bengal Subah
Bengal Presidency
1342 1947 Gauda Ghiyasuddin AzamSayf-ud-Din HamzaShihab-ud-Din BayazidAla-ud-Din FiruzRaja GaneshJalaluddin MohammedShamsuddin AhmadNasir-ud-Din MahmudRukun-ud-Din BarbakShams-ud-Din YusufSikandar IIJalal ad-Din FatehShahzada BarbakSayf-ud-Din FiruzNasir-ud-Din Mahmud IIShams ad-Din MuzaffarAla-ud-din HusainNasir ad-Din NasratAla-ud-din Firuz IIIGhiyasuddin MahmudSher ShahIslam ShahShams ud-Din MuhammadGhiyat ad-Din BahadurGhiyat ad-Din JalalSulayman KhanDa'udMurshid QuliShuja' ad-Din Muhammad'Ala' ad-Daula SarfarazAli-Vardi KhanMirza Mahmud SirajMir Muhammad Ja'farMir Qasim 'AliMir Phulwari NajmSayf ad-DaulaMubarak ad-Daula [2][179][191][192]
Berar
Amravati Division.png
Berar Sultanate 1490 1572 West Berar Fath Allah 'Imad Malik'Ala' ad-dinDariyaBurkhan 'Imad ShahTaufal Khan [2][179][193]
Bharat
India (orthographic projection).svg
Bharat 1947 Delhi [2][179][194][195]
Bijapur
Bijapur-sultanate-map.svg
Bijapur Sultanate 1490 1686 Bijapur YusufIsmailMalluIbrahim IAli IIbrahim IIMuhammadAli IISikandar [2][179][196]
Bundelkhand
India Bundelkhand locator map.svg
Orchha State 1501 1950 Kalpi Nasir al-Din Mahmud ShahQadir ShahFath al-Din Jalal ShahNasir KhanMalkhan SinghRudra-pratap SinghBharti-candra IMadukar ShahRam ShahBir Singh Deo IJujhar SinghDevi SinghPahar SinghSujan Singh IIndramani SinghJaswant SinghBaghwat SinghUdwat SinghPrithvi SinghSawant Singh MahendraHati Singh MahendraMan Singh MahendraBharti-candra II MahendraVikramajit Mahendra [2][179][197]
Carnatic
SouthIndiaBetweenCarnaticWars.jpg
Gingee Nayak Kingdom
Arcot State
1509 1859 Gingee ChennappaGangamaVenkata KrishnappaMuhammad Sa'adat IDust 'Ali KhanSafdar 'Ali KhanMuhammad Sa'adat IIAnwar ad-Din MuhammadChanda SahibWala Jah Muhammad 'AliUmdat Ul-UmraAzimuddaulaAzam Jah [2][179][198]
Ceylon
Sri Lanka geopolitics - after "Spoiling of Vijayabahu".png
Kingdom of Kotte
Kingdom of Kandy
1412 1815 Kotte Parakramabahu VIIJayabahu IIBhuvanaikabahu VIParakramabahu VIIIVijayabahu VIIBhuvanaikabahu VIIDharmapalabahuVimala Dharmasuriya ISenarutRajasimhaVimala Dharmasuriya IINarendraSri Vijaya RajasimhaKitri Sri RajasimhaSri Rajadhiraja Simha [2][179][199][200]
Chanda
MaharashtraChandrapur.png
Chanda State Chanda Bhuma & LokbaKaran ShahBabji Ballal SahDhundya Ram SahKrasna SahBir SahHirai SahRam SahNilkanth Sah [2][179][201]
Deccan
Hyderabad princely state 1909.svg
Hyderabad Deccan 1724 1948 Marathwada Asaf Jah IMuhammad Nasr JangMuzaffar JangSalabat JungAli KhanSikandar Jah [2][179][202]
Delhi
Delhi History Map.png
Delhi Sultanate 1206 1526 Delhi Mohammed Shah IVAladdin Alam ShahBahlûlSikandar ShâhIbrâhîm ShâhHemu [2][179][203]
Dhundhar
Dhundhar Region (RAJ.) Suresh Godara.jpg
Jaipur State 1128 1949 Dhundar NarasimhaBanabiraUddharanaChandra SenaPrithvi SinghPuran malBhimasimhaRatnasimhaAaskaranBharmalBhagwant DasMan Singh IShri Bhao SinghJai Singh IRamsingh IBishan SinghJai Singh IIIsri SinghMadho Singh IPratvi SinghPratap SinghJagat Singh IIJai Singh III [2][179][204]
Garhwal
Map of the United Provinces from The Imperial Gazetteer of India (1907-1909).jpg
Garhwal Kingdom 823 1949 Garhwal Sundar PalHansdeo PalBijai PalSahaj PalBalbhadra ShahMan Shah IShyam ShahMahipat ShahPrithvi ShahFateh ShahUpendra ShahPradip ShahLalit ShahJaikarat ShahPradyuman ShahSudarshan Shah [2][179][205]
Garjat
SonpurKart.jpg
Garhjats
Sambalpur State
1493 1849 Sambalpur Haria DeoJugasai Deo IIPratapnayan Deo IIHarirudra DeoAnku DeoPratap DeoRaghunath DeoBiswambhar DeoRaisingh Deo IIDusmant DeoJugasai Deo IIIKhadag Rai DeoRaisingh Deo IIIPurusottam DeoJugasai Deo IV [2][179][206]
Golkonda
Deccan sultanates 1490 - 1687 ad.png
Golkonda Sultanate 1512 1687 Golconda Quli Qutb-ul-MulkJamshid QuliSubhan QuliIbrahim QuliMuhammad IMuhammad IIAbd AllahAbu'l-Hasan [2][179][207]
Gondwana
Pope1880CentralProv2.jpg
Gondwana 1398 1781 Mahakoshal HirdeSangrama SimhaDalpat SimhaDurgavatiChandra SahiJatbaBakht BulandChand SultanChhatra Sahi [2][179][208]
Gujarat
India in 1525 Joppen.jpg
Gujarat Sultanate 1407 1573 Ahmadabad Zafar KhanMuhammad Shah IMuzaffar ShahAhmad Shah IMuhammad Shah IIAhmad Shah IIMahmud Shah IMuzaffar ShahBahadur ShahMubarak ShahMahmud Shah IIIAhmad Shah IIIMuhammad Shah IIIMuzaffar Shah III [2][179][209][210]
Gwalior
State of Gwalior.jpg
Gwalior Kingdom
Gwalior State
-500 1948 Gird Beersingh DeoMan SinghRanojiraoJayapparaoJankijirao IMadhavrao IDaulatrao I [2][179][211]
Habsan
Janjira 1896.jpg
Janjira State 1489 1948 Chaul Surur KhanAbdul Karim KhanAbdul Samad Surul KhanYakut Khan ShazliAmber SanakYusuf KhanFateh KhanQasim KhanKasim Yakut KhanAmbat Yakut Khan [2][179][212]
Hadoti
India Hadoti locator map.svg
Bundi Kingdom 1200 1947 Hadoti HamujBirsinghBiruBanduNarayan DasSuraj MalSurtan SinghSurjan SinghBhoj SinghRatan SinghChatra SinghBao SinghAnirudh SinghDalel SinghUmaid SinghAjit SinghBishen Singh [2][179][213]
Hindustan
India (orthographic projection).svg
Hindustan 1947 Delhi [2][179][214][215]
Jaffna
Jaffna Kingdom.svg
Jaffna Kingdom 1215 1624 Vanni Kanakasooriya CinkaiariyanSapumal KumarayaSingai PararasasegaramCankiliPuviraja PandaramKasi NayinarPeriyapillaiEthirimana CinkamCankili II [2][179][216]
Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer and Neighbours.svg
Jaisalmer State 1156 1949 Jaisalmer BhanwarLunkaranMaldevHarrajBhim SinghKalyan DasManohar DasRamchandarSabal SinghAmar SinghJaswant SinghBudh SinghAkhai SinghMulraj Singh IIGaj Singh [2][179][217]
Jangladesh
Bikaner-Jaisalmer map.jpg
Bikaner State 1465 1947 Jangladesh RaoBikaNaroji SinghJetsiji SinghKalyan SinghRaj SinghDalpat SinghSur SinghKaran SinghAnup SinghSarup SinghSujan SinghZorawar SinghGaj SinghRaj Singh IIPratap SinghSurat Singh [2][179][218]
Jaunpur
Historical map of India AD 1448.jpg
Jaunpur Sultanate 1394 1479 Jaunpur Mubarak ShahIbrahim ShahMahmud ShahMuhammad ShahHussain ShahAdilSher KhanBalwant SinghChait SinghMahipat SinghUdit Singh [2][179][219][220]
Jharkhand
India Jharkhand locator map.svg
Jharkhand Kingdom 150 1947 Jharkhand MaharatoMaharato IIMadhu SinghDurjan SalAnant RajMedini RajNarendra Rudra SinghBalbhadra SinghJaswant SinghBahadur SinghSheo SinghAjit SinghSingram SinghAmar Singh [2][179][221]
Kachar
Assam Cachar locator map.svg
Kachari Kingdom 1250 1854 Naga ManiphaLadaphaKhoraphaKhunkhoraphaDetsungphaNirbhay NarayanHarmesvarMegha NarayanaSatrrudamanNar NarayanBhimdarpa NarayanIndraballabh NarayaBirdarpa NarayanGarurdhwaj NarayanMakardhwajUdayadityaTamradhwaj NarayanChandraprabhaSuradarpa NarayanDharmadhwaj NarayanKirichandra NarayanGopichandra NarayanHarischandraKrishnachandra NarayanGobindchandra Narayan [2][179][222]
Kangra
Punjab-Districts 1911.png
Kangra State 1400 1948 Kangra Megh ChandHari Chand IKaran Chand IISansar Chand IDevangga ChandNarendra ChandSuvira ChandPrayag ChandRam ChandDharam ChandManika ChandJai Chand VBidhi ChandTriloka ChandHari Chand IIChandarbhan ChandVijay Ram ChandUdi Ram ChandBhim ChandAlam Chand IIHamir ChandAbhay ChandShrinagar ChandGhamir ChandGhamand ChandTegh ChandSansar Chand II [2][179][223][224]
Kashmir
Kashmir border.JPG
Kashmir 1346 1589 Kashmir SikandarAli Shah IZayn al-'AbidinHaydar ShahHasan ShahMuhammad ShahFath ShahIbrahim ShahNazuk ShahShams ad-DinIsma'il ShahMahmud Habib ShahGhazi ShahHusayn Shah I'Ali ShahYusuf ShahSaiyid Mubarak BaihaqiLohir ShahYa'qub Shah [2][179][225]
Kathiawar
Kathiawar map.jpg
Kathiawar Kingdom Kutch AmarjiBhenjiHamirjiRavalj LakhajiVibhaji RavaljiSataji VibhajiJasaji SatajiLakhaji AjojiRanmalji LakhajiRajsinhji I AjojiTamachi RajsinhjiLakhaji II TamachiRajsinhji II LakhajiHardholji LakhajiTamachi HardholjiLakhaji III TamachiJasaji LakhajiSataji Lakhaji [2][179][226]
Keladi Keladi Nayaka Kingdom 1499 1763 Malenadu Chaudappa NayakaSadashiva NayakaSankanna NayakaChikkasankannaRamaraja NayakaHiriya Venkatappa NayakaVirabhadra NayakaShivappa NayakaChikkavenkatappa NayakaBhadrappa NayakaSomashekaraChennammaBasavappaSomashekara IIKiriya BasavappaChennabasappaVirammaji [2][179][227]
Khandesh
India Khandesh locator map.svg
Khandesh Sultanate 1382 1601 Khandesh Nasir KhanMiran Adil Khan IMiran Mubarak Khan I'Adil Khan IIDa'ud KhanGhazni KhanAlam Khan'Adil KhanMiran Muhammad Khan IMiran Mubarak Shah IIMiran Muhammad Shah IIRajah 'Ali KhanMiran Bahadur Shah [2][179][228]
Koch
Koch Bihar Sketch Map.jpg
Koch Kingdom
Koch Hajo
1515 1949 Koch GajankaSukrankaMrigankaSusenphâNiladhwajChakradhwajNilambarChandanViswa SinghaNarLakshmiBirPranMadanBasudevMahendraRupUpendraDebendraDhairjendraRajendraDharendraHarendra [2][179][229]
Kochin
Map of the Kingdom of Cochin.jpg
Kingdom of Cochin 700 1949 Kochin Unni Rama Koil IUnni Rama Koil IIVira Kerala Varma IKesara Rama Varma IIVira Kerala Varma IIRavi Varma IVira Kerala Varma IIIGoda Varma IVira Rayira Varma IVira Kerala Varma IVGangadhara LakshmiRama Varma IIGoda Varma IIVira Kerala Varma VRama Varma IIIRama Varma IVRama Varma VRama Varma VRama Varma VIKerala Varma IRama Varma VIIKerala Varma IIRama Varma VIIIRama Varma IXRama Varma XKerala Varma III [2][179][230]
Ladakh
Ladakh locator map.svg
Ladakh 1460 1842 Ladakh Gyalpo Takpa BomldeLotus ChhogaldanTashiTsewangJamyangSingyeDeldanDelekNyimaDeskyongPhuntsogSaskyongTsewang IITsetanTsepel Tondup [2][179][231]
Madurai
Madurai Nayak Kingdom.jpg
Madurai Nayak dynasty 1529 1736 Tirunelveli ParakramaViraVira IIParakrama IIVishvanathaKumara Periaya KrishnappaKrishnappa PeriayaLingayya KumaraMutu KrishnappaMuttu Virappa ITirumalaMuttu Virappa IIChokkanatha IMuttu LingaMuttu Varappa IIIChokkanatha IIMinakshi [2][179][232]
Malabar
Malabar district Map.jpg
Malabar Kingdom 1100 1806 Malabar Manaveda IManavikraman IManaveda IIManavikraman IIViraraya IManavikraman IIIViraraya IIManaveda IIIManaveda IVViraraya IIIManaveda VUtrattati TirunalManavikraman IV Bharani TirunalNileswaramManaveda VIManavikraman VManaveda VIIViraraya IVManaveda VIII [2][179][233]
Maldives
Maldives - Location Map (2013) - MDV - UNOCHA.svg
Maldives Sultanate 1117 Maldives Hussan INasr ud-DinHassan IIIbrahim IDanna MohammedHasan IIIMuhammad VIHasan IV'UmarHasan VHasan VIIbrahim IIYusuf III'Ali IVMuhammad VIIHasan VIIAhmad'Ali VMuhammad VIIIHasan IXAbu Bakr II'Ali VIMuhammad IXIbrahim IIIKamanfa'anuHusayn II'Imad ad-Din IIskandar IMuhammad XMuhi ad-DinShams ad-Din IMuhammad IV'Ali VHasan XMuzhir ad-Din'Imad ad-Din IIIskandar II'Imad ad-Din III'Izz ad-DinShams ad-DinMu'izz ad-DinMuzhir ad-DinMuin ad-Din Iskander [2][234][235]
Malwa
India in 1525 Joppen.jpg
Malwa Sultanate 1392 1562 Mandu Dilavar Khan HusainAlp Khan HushangGhazni KhanMahmud IGhiyath ShahNasir ShahMahmud ShahQadir ShahSalim ShahBaz BahadurMalhar Rao IMali RaoAhalya Bai [2][179][236][237]
Manipur
Bengal gazetteer 1907-9.jpg
Manipur 1110 1949 Manipur PengshibaNingthou KhamaSenbi KiyambaKoirembaChing-KhongNongyin PhabaSenbi KhombaTangjambaChalambaMungyambaKhangembaKhunjaobaPaikhombaCharairongbaPamheibaChit-saiBharat-saiMarambaChing-thang KhombaLabeinachandraMadhuchandraChourjitMarjit [2][179][238][239]
Marathas
India1760 1905.jpg
Maratha Empire 1674 1818 South Konkan Shivaji IShambajiRajaram IShivaji IISahuji IBalaji I VishvanathBaji Rao IBalaji II Baji RaoMadhu Rao I BalaiNarayan RaoRagunath RaoMadhu Rao IIBaji RaoPratap Singh [2][179][240]
Marwar
Jodhpur-map.jpg
Jodhpur State 1250 1949 Gorwar ChundaKanhaRanmalJodhaSatalSujaGangaMaldevChandrasenUdai SinghSuraj SinghGaj SinghJaswant Singh IAjit SinghAbhai SinghRai Singh IIBakht SinghRam SinghBijay SinghBhîm SinghMan SinghChhatar SinghMan Singh [2][179][241]
Mewar
Sirohi-Udaipur map.jpg
Mewar Kingodm 530 1949 Chittor Lakha SinghMokal SinghKumbhakarna SinghUdai Singh IRaimalSangram Singh IRatan Singh IVikramaditya SinghUdai Singh IIPratap Singh IIAmar Singh IKaranJagat Singh IRaj Singh IJai SinghAmar Singh IISangram Singh IIJagat Singh IIPratap Singh IIAri SinghHammir Singh IIBhim Singh [2][179][242][243]
Mewat
India Mewat locator map.svg
Wali-e-Mewat
Alwar State
1372 1527 Mewat Jallu KhanAhmad KhanAdil KhanHasan KhanNaher KhanGokulaRam SinghChuraman SinghBadan SinghSuraj MalJawahir SinghRatan SinghKeshri SinghPratap SinghBakhtawar SinghBinay Singh Prabhakar Bahadur [2][179][244]
Multan Multan Sultanate 1557 Multan QutbudinHussain IFiruzshahMahmudHussain IIGhazi Khan Mirrani [2][179][245]
Mysore
Indian Mysore Kingdom 1784 map.svg
Kingdom of Mysore 1399 1950 Mysore Ganga RajaChâma Râja IIITimma Râja IIChâma Râja IVBettada Deva RâjaRâja WadaiyârChâma Râja VImadi RâjaKanthirava Narasa Râja IKempa Deva RâjaChikka Deva RâjaKanthirava Narasa Râja IIKrishna Râja IChâma Râja VIKrishna Râja IIHaydar 'AlîTîpû SâhibKrishna Râja III [2][179][246]
Nagaur Nagaur Sultanate 1388 1513 Nagaur Firuz KhanQiyam KhanShams KhanMuhammad Khan [2][179][247]
Nagpur
Central Provs 1909.jpg
Nagpur Kingdom 1700 1853 East Berar Chand SultanRaghuji IJanojiSabajiRaghuji IIMudhoji IIRaghoji III [2][179][248]
Nepal
Nepal topo en.jpg
Malla (Nepal)
Kingdom of Nepal
1201 2008 Kathmandu JayajyotimallaJayajyotiJayayakshaRatnaSuryaAmaraNarendraMahendraSadashivaShivasimhaLaksminarasimhaPratapaJayanripendraParthivendraBhupendraBhaskaraMahendrasimhaJagajjayaJayaprasakaPrithvi NarayanaPratapa SimhaRana BahadurGirvan Yuddha BikramRajendra Bikram [2][179][249][250]
Orissa
IN-OR.svg
Gajapati Kingdom 1434 1541 Cuttack KapilendraPurushottamaHamviraPratâprudraKaluadevaGovindaraja VidyadharaChakrapretâpaNârashima JanaRaghurâma ChhotraMukundadeva HarishandraRâmchandra Deva IDa'ud [2][179][251][252]
Oudh
Oudh in Northern India 1857 map.jpg
Oudh State 1732 1858 Lucknow Muhammad Sa'adat KhanMuhammad Safdar JangShujah ad-DaulaAsaf ad-DaulaWazir 'Ali KhanSa'adat 'Ali KhanGhazi ud-Din Haidar [2][179][253]
Patiala
Punjab-Districts 1911.png
Patiala State 1763 1948 Sirhind Ala SinghAmar SinghSahib SinghKaram Singh [2][179][254]
Punjab
Sikh Empire tri-lingual.jpg
Punjab Empire 1799 1849 Lahore JasrathSikandarJassa SinghMaha SinghRanjit Singh [2][179][255][256]
Rewa Kantha
Rewa Kantha.jpg
Rajpipla State
Rewa Kantha Agency
1340 1948 Rewakantha PalandevPatai RawalArsisinhjiHamirsinhji IIBhimsinhji [2][179][257]
Rohilkhand
UP region map.gif
Rohilkhand
Rampur State
1690 1947 Katehar Ali Muhammad KhanHafiz Rahmat KhanFaizullah KhanMuhammad Ali Khan BahadurGhulam Muhammad Khan BahadurAhmad Ali Khan Bahadur [2][179][258]
Sadiya Sadiya Kingdom 1248 1524 Sadiya Mayuradhvaj PalJayadhvaj PalKarmadhvaj PalDhir Narayan [2][179][259]
Sind
Ancient Khorasan highlighted.jpg
Samma dynasty
Arghun dynasty
Tarkhan dynasty
Sindh
1351 1843 Thatta 'Ali SherFath KhanTughluqSikandarSanjarNizam ad-Din II NandaFuruz Salah ad-DinShah Shuja' BegShah HusaynMirza Muhammad 'IsaMirza Muhammad BaqiMirza Jani BegYar Muhammad KhanNur MuhammadMuhammad MuradGulam ShahSarfaraz KhanGulam Nabi Khan'Abd an-Nabi Khan'Abd Allah KhanMir Fath AliThara [2][179][260]
Tirhut
Tirhut region in India.png
Oinwar dynasty 1323 1526 Tirhut Padma SinghBishwas DeviHari SinghNar SinghDhir SinghBhairav SinghRambhadra SinghRambhadra Singh [2][179][261][262]
Tripura
SevenSisterStates.svg
Tripura Kingdom
Tripura State
1463 1947 Tripura DharmaPratapDhanyaDhwajDebmanikyaIndraVijayAnantaSatrrudamanJaiAmarRajdharJashodharGobindaKalyanChhatraRamdevRatnaNarendraMahendraDharmaMukundaJaiIndraKrishna [2][179][263]
Venad
India Travancore locator map.svg
Venad
Travancore
1100 1949 Venad Chera Udaya VarmaMoothaSri Vira Martanda VarmaAditya VarmaRavi VarmaSri Vira Ravi VarmaMartanda VarmaUdaya Martanda VarmaKerala VarmaAditya VarmaSri Vira KulasekharaSri Vira VarmaRavi VarmaUnni Kerala VarmaUnni Kerala Varma IIAditya VarmaUnni Kerala Varma IIIRama VarmaMartanda Varma IRama Varma IIBala Rama Varma IGouri Laksmi BaiGouri Parvati Bai [2][179][264]
Vijayanagar
Vijayanagara-empire-map.svg
Vijayanagara Empire 1336 1646 Vijayanagar Harihara IIVirupaksha IBukka IIDevaraya IVira Vijaya IDevaraya IIMallikarjunaVirupaksha IIPraudhaNarasimhaTimmaNarasa NayakaVîra NarasimhaKrishnaAchyutaVenkataSâdashivaRama RayaTirumalaRanga IVenkata IIRanga IIRâma ITimmaVenkata IIIRanga III [2][179][265][266]

Chinese[edit]

Technology
group
Nation
name
Map Historical
nation
Start End Capital Names Notes
Chinese Aceh
Aceh Sultanate en.svg
Aceh Sultanate 1496 1903 Lamuri Inayat Shah'Alî Mugâyat ShâhSalâh ad-Dîn Ibrâhîm'Alâ ad-Dîn al-QahharHusayn 'Alî Ri'âyat ShâhSultân Sri 'ÂlamZayn al 'Âbidîn'Alâ' ad-Dîn Mansûr Shâh'Alî Ri'âyat ShâhSultân Buyong'Alâ' ad-Dîn Ri'âyat Shâh'Alî Mugât ShâhIskandar Muda ShâhIskandar Tanî 'Alâ ad-DînSafîyat ad-Dîn TâjNeqîyat ad-Dîn NûrZaqîyat ad-Dîn 'InâyaZirat ad-Dîn Kamâlat ShâhBadr ad-Dîn Sharîf HâshimPerkara 'Âlam SharîfJamâl al-'Âlam BadrShams al'-Âlam'Alâ' ad-Dîn Ahmad Shâh'Alâ' ad-Dîn Shâh JahânMahmûd Shâh I'Alâ' ad-Dîn Muhammad'Alâ' ad-Dîn JauharSyarif Saif ul Alam [2][234][267]
Ainu
Historical expanse of the Ainu.svg
Ainu people 1250 1869 Tokachi [2][268][269]
Amago
Provinces of Japan-Izumo.svg
Amago clan 1325 1566 Izumo TakaujiTakahideTakahisaMochihisaKiyosadaTsunehisaHaruhisaYoshihisa [2][268][270]
Annam
VietnamMac1560.gif
House of Nguyễn
Nguyễn dynasty
1533 1945 Hue KimHoangPhuc NguyenPhuc LanPhuc TanPhuc TranPhuc ChuPhuc TruPhuc KhoatPhuc ThuanPhuc AnhPhuc Dam [2][234][271]
Arakan
Kingdom of Rakhine.jpg
Kingdom of Arakan
Kingdom of Mrauk U
-2666 1785 Mrauk U Radzathu IIThinkhathuSaw Mon IIIAnawrahtaKhayiLetyaNaranu'KhayiBa Saw PhyuDawlyaBa Saw NyoRan AungSalingathuRazaGazapatiSaw OThazataMinkhaungMin BinDikhaSaw HlaSekkyaHpalaungRazagriKhamaungThiri ThudhammaSanayNarapatiThadoSanda ThudhammaThiri ThudhammaWara DhammaMani DhammaSanda Thuriya INawrahtaMayonpiyaKalagandatNaradipati ISanda Wimala ISanda Thuriya IISanda Wizaya ISanda Thuriya IIINaradipadi IINarapawaraSanda Wizaya IIMadaritNara ApayaThirithuApayaSanda ThumanaSanda Wimala IISanda ThadithaThammada [2][234][272][273]
Asakura Ashikaga shogunate 1336 1573 Echizen UjikageSadakageNorikageTakakageYoshikage [2][268][274]
Ava
Burma in 1450.png
Kingdom of Ava 1364 1555 Ava ThadominbyaSwasawkeTarabyaMinkhaungThihathuMinhlangeKale KyetaungnyoMohnyin ThadoMinyekyawswaNarapatiThihathuraMinkhaungNarapati IISao Hung PhaSao Hkun MongNarapati IIINarapati IV [2][234][275]
Ayutthaya
Southeast Asian history - Around 1540.png
Ayutthaya Kingdom 1351 1767 Ayutthaya RamarachaIntha RachaBorommaracha IITrailokanatBorommaracha IIIRamathibodi IIBorommaracha IVRatsadaChairachaKeo FaBun SiChakkraphatMahinThammaracha INaresuenEkathotsarotSi SaowaphakSongthamChetthaAthittayawongPrasat ThongChao Fa JaiSi SuthammarachaNaraiPhetrachaPhrachao SueaThai SaBoromakotUthumphonEkkathatTaksinRama IRama II [2][234][276][277]
Bali
Bali Kingdom Gelgel.svg
Bali Kingdom 914 1908 Bali WikramawardhanaSuhitaDyah KertawijayaKetut NgulesirWatu RenggongDalem BekungDalem Di MadeDalem Di Made IIDewa Agung JambeDewa Agung Di MadeDewa Agung SaktiDewa Agung PutraDewa Agung Putra II [2][234][278][279]
Banjar
Locator kota banjarmasin.png
Sultanate of Banjar 1526 1860 Banjar SuriansyahRahmatullahHidayatullahMustain BillahInayatullahSaidullahRi'ayatullahAmrullah Bagus KasumaTahmidullah IPanembahan Kasuma DilagaHamidullahTamjidullah IMuhammadillahTahmidullahSulaiman al-Mutamidullah [2][234][280]
Banten
Banten Sultanate en.svg
Banten Sultanate 1527 1813 Banten Maulana HasanudinMaulana YusufMaulana MuhammadAbdul MufakirAbdul Ma'aliAgeng TirtayasaHaji Abunasrbul FadhalAbdul MahasinMuhamad SyifaSyarifudin RatuMuhammad WasizainulMuhammad AriefAbdul MafakinMuhyidin ZainussolihinMuhammad IshaqWakil PangeranAliyuddin IIMuhammad SyafiuddinMuhammad Rafiuddin [2][234][281]
Bhutan
LocationBhutan.svg
Bhutan 1616 Bhutan Ngawang NamgyalPekar JungneyKunga GyaltshenPhyogla NamgyalJigme NorbuMipham WangpoJigme Dragpa IChoeki GyaltshenJigme Dragpa II [2][282][283]
Blambangan Kingdom of Blambangan 1352 1768 Blambangan Menak PentorSantagunaMas KarianSunan TawangalunPrabhu TawangalunPangeran PatiMancanagaraPangeran PutraDanuningratPangeran Wilis [2][234][284]
Brunei
Brunei Empire Extent 15th century.svg
Bruneian Empire 1368 1888 Brunei MuhammadAhmadSulaymânBulkiah'Abd al-QahharSayf ar-RijalShâh BrunîHasan'Abd al-Jalîl I'Abd al-Jalîl IIMuhammad 'Alî'Abd al-MubinMuhyî ad-DînNasr ad-DînKamâl ad-DînAlâ' ad-DînSayf ad-Dîn IMuhammad Jamâl ad-DînMuhammad Tâj ad-DînMuhammad Khân dhul 'Alam [2][234][285][286]
Buryatia
Mongolia XVI.png
Buryatia 1923 Barguzin [2][282][287]
Buton
Buton Topography.png
Buton Buton FakhrTuni PalongaShahabParabungTuni PasuluTuni DjalloriSankilangBatara GowaKaraeng Tunibatta'Abd al-KhaliqTunyachoka-riKaraeng Tunibatta'UthmânMuhammad 'AliAmir Hamza [2][234][288]
Champa
Map of the Kingdom of Champa (1380) during the reign of King Che Bunga.png
Champa 192 1832 Vijaya Ko ChengJaya Sinhavarman VMaija VijayaMoho Kouei-LaiMaha Kui YuMaha P'an-lo-yueP'an-lo T'u-ts'uanSaktiraiGanvuhThuttiraiRattiraiTathunTithuntirai ITithuntirai IIChei Krei BreiTithunLathunChong Chan [2][234][289][290]
Champasak
Laos - Division territòriala vèrs 1750 (vuege).png
Kingdom of Champasak 1713 1946 Champasak Nan RatNokasatSaya KumaneXiang KeoFay NaNo MuongCha NouMa Noi [2][234][291]
Changsheng Changsheng Lingyun [2][292][293]
Chavchuveny Chavchuveny Gizhiga [2][282][294]
Chosokabe
Map of Japan with highlight on 39 Kochi prefecture.svg
Chōsokabe clan 1415 1615 Tosa YoshishigeFumikaneMotokadoKatsuchikaKanetsuguKunichikaMotochikaMorichika [2][295][296]
Chu Wuchang [292]
Chukchi
Map of Russia - Eskimos Tchouktches(2008-03).png
Chukchi people Kagyrgyn [2][282]
Cirebon
Locator kota cirebon.png
Sultanate of Cirebon 1445 1803 Cirebon Ki Gedeng TapaKi Gedheng DanuselaCakrabuanaSharif HidayatullahFatahillahPangeran MasRasmiMartawijayaKanomanAnom [2][234][297]
Dai Viet
Southeast Asian history - Around 1540.png
Đại Việt 1428 1804 Dong Kinh AnQuy LyHan ThuongNgoiQuy KhoangLoiNguyen LongBang CoNghi DanTu ThanhTranhThuanTuanOanhYXuanDang DungDang DoanhPhuc HaiPhuc NguyenMau HopKinh ChiKinh CungKinh KhoanKinh VuDuy HopDuy DuongDuy PhuongDuy ToungDuy ThanDuy DieuDuy KhiemHueQuang Toan [2][234][298][299]
Dali
China 11b.jpg
Dali Kingdom 937 1253 Dali [2][292][300]
Date
Map of Japan with highlight on 07 Fukushima prefecture.svg
Date clan 1189 Aizu YukitomoMunetoMasamuneUjimuneMochimuneNarimuneHisamuneTanemuneHarumuneTerumuneMasamuneTadamuneTsunamuneTsunamuraYoshimuraMunemuraShigemuraNarimuraChikamuneNarimuneNariyoshiYoshikuni [2][295]
Demak
Demak locator-2.png
Demak Sultanate 1475 1554 Demak Raden PatahPati UnusTrengganaSunan PrawataArya Penangsang [2][234]
Guge Guge 912 1630 Ngari Namgyal DeNamkha Wangpo Phuntsog DeNamri Sanggye DeLobsang RabtenPhagspa LhaShakya ÖJigten Wangchuk Pekar DeNgagi WangchukWangchukTri NyimaTri DragpaTri Namgyal Dragpa DeTri Trashi Dragpa De [2][282]
Hatakeyama
Provinces of Japan-Etchu.svg
Etchū Province
Hatakeyama clan
1205 1585 Etchu KunikiyoYoshitoMotokuniMitsuyoshiMitsuieMitsuyoshiYoshinariMasanagaYoshitoyoHisayoriTanenagaNagatsuneMasakuniTakamasaAkitakaMasanao [2][295][301]
Hojo
Provinces of Japan-Sagami.svg
Later Hōjō clan 1493 1590 Sagami SounUjitsunaUjiyasuUjimasa [2][295][302]
Hosokawa
Provinces of Japan-Settsu.svg
Hosokawa clan 1336 1826 Settsu KazuujiKiyoujiYoriyukiYorimotoMitsumotoMochimotoMochiyukiKatsumotoMasamotoSumiyukiSumimotoTakakuniHarumotoNagayoshiYoshitsuguAkimotoFujitakaTadaokiTadatoshiMitsunaoTsunatoshiNobunoriMunetakaShigetakaHarutoshiNarishigeNaritatsuNarimori [2][295][303]
Hsenwi
Shan States-Map.png
Hsenwi State 650 1888 Hsenwi Sao HsamSao Hsam Si-LiAi Lao HkhamAi LaoNaw KiaoHsai HkawHsai HpomSao HsamSao Kham MuHpaya KiaoSao Mong HkaSao Hkham TaoSao Mong HkakSao OnSao In HkamSao AwkSao Mong SaikSao Hsam HpiMaung NyoSao Mong SinSao Mong HsamSao Kawng TaiSao Maha Hkanan [2][234]
Huai
Guangdong subdivisions - Shaoguan.svg
Shiukwan [2][292]
Ikeda
Map of Japan with highlight on 31 Tottori prefecture.svg
Ikeda clan 1590 Ikeda TerumasaMitsumasaTsunamasaMunemasaHarumasaNarimasaNaritoshiYoshimasa [2][295]
Imagawa
Provinces of Japan-Suruga.svg
Imagawa clan 1250 Suruga NorikuniNoriujiYasunoriNorimasaNoritadaYoshitadaUjichikaUjiteruYoshimotoUjizane [2][234][304]
Japan
LocationMapJapan.png
Japan 1338 Kyoto TakaujiYoshiakiraYoshimitsuYoshimochiYoshinoriYoshikatsuYoshimasaYoshihisaYoshitaneYoshizumiYoshiharuYoshiteruYoshihideYoshiakiNobunagaHideyoshiHideyoriIeyasuHidetadaIemitsuIetsunaTsunayoshiIenobuIetsuguYoshimuneIeshigeIeharuIenariIeyoshiIesadaIemochi [2][295]
Jin
China Shanxi Taiyuan.svg
Jin dynasty 1115 1234 Taiyuan [2][292]
Johor
Johor in Malaysia.svg
Johor Sultanate 1528 1855 Johor Alauddin Riayat Shâh IIMuzaffar Shâh IIAbd al-Jalîl ShâhAbd al-Jalîl Shâh IIAlauddin Riayat Shâh IIIAbdullah Ma'ayat ShâhAbd al-Jalîl Shâh IIIIbrâhîm ShâhMahmûd Shâh IIAbd al-Jalîl Shâh IVAbd al-Jalîl Rahmat ShâhAbd al-Jalîl Muazzam ShâhAhmad Riayat ShâhMahmûd ShâhAbd al-Rahmân ShâhHussein Shâh [2][234]
Kamchadals
RussiaKamchatka2007-01.png
Kamchadals Kamchatka [2][282]
Kedah
Kedah in Malaysia.svg
Kedah Sultanate 1136 1941 Kedah Mudzafar ShâhMu'adzam ShâhMuhammad ShâhMudzaffar Shâh IIMahmûd ShâhIbrâhîm ShâhSulaiman ShâhAtaullah Muhammad ShâhMuhammad Jiwa Zainal AdilinMahmûd Shâh IIMudzaffar Shâh IISulaiman Shâh IIRijaluddin Muhammad ShâhMuhyiddin Mansûrad ShâhDziaddin Mukarram ShâhAtaullah Muhammad Shâh IIAbdullah Mu'adzam ShâhAhmad Tajuddin Halim ShâhMuhammad Jiwa Zainal Adilin IIAbdullah Mukarram ShâhAhmad Tajuddin Halim Shâh [2][234]
Kham
Tibet provinces.png
Kham
Kingdom of Derge
1640 1910 Dege Sönam SangpoLodrö TobGyeltshen BumPanchen AnaYagyelphelNamkhaLhündrubLuphelOrgyen Tashi [2][234]
Khmer
Map-of-southeast-asia 900 CE.png
Khmer Empire 802 1431 Oudong Barom Reachea IINoreay RamathipateiReachea RamathipateiSoriyotei IIThommo Reachea ISrey SukonthorNey KhanAng Chan IBarom Reachea IChey Chettha IPreah Ram IBarom Reachea IIBarom Reachea IIIKeo Hua IBarom Reachea IVChey Chettha IIThommoreachea IIPadumaraja IRamathipadi IBarom Reachea VChey Chettha IIIKaev Hua IIPadumaraja IIIChey Chettha IVThommoreachea IIISatha IIThommoreachea IVChey Chettha VAng TongOutey Reachea IIReam ReacheaNarayanaraja IIIOutey Reachea III [2][305]
Khodynt
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Khodynt Omolon [2][282]
Korea
Korea (orthographic projection).svg
Korea 1392 1897 Hanseong SeonggyeBanggwaSejong DoHyangHongwiYuGwangHyeolYungYeokHoHwanYeonHonJongHoYonSunYunGeumSanGong [2][306]
Kutai Kutai Sultanate 1300 1844 Kutai GirishawardhanaKertabumiWikramawardhanaKalagametSuhitaKertawardhanaRaden SotorHayam WurukAji Pangeran Sinum Panji MendapaKertabumiSri GitarjaGirishawardhanaAji Muhammad IdrisRaden WijayaKertabumiSinghawardhana [2][307]
Lan Na
Southeast Asian history - Around 1540.png
Lan Na 1292 1775 Chiang Mai Kü NaSaenmueangmaSamfangkaenTilokarachaYotchiangraiKaeoKetSaikhamChirapraphaSetthathiratMekutiWisutthathewiNawrahta MinsawPhra ChoiPhra ChaiyathipSisongmueangLuangthipphanetPhra SaenmueangPhraeIngsemangCheputaraiMangraenaraOng KhamOng ChanKhihutPo AphaikhaminiPo MayunguanPhraya ChabanKawilaThammalangka [2][308]
Lan Xang
Southeast Asian history - Around 1540.png
Lan Xang 1354 1707 Luang Prabang Fa NgumSamsenethaiLamakamadingaPhommathatKhamtumMeunsaiKonekhamKham Tam SaLue SaiKhai Bua BanKhong KhamSai Tia KaphutTheng KhamLaasaenthaiSompouVisunaratPhotisarat ISetthathirat ISaensurinMaha OupahatSaensurinNakhon NoiNokeo KoumanhThammikaratUpanyuvaratPhotisarat IIMon KeoTone KhamVichaiSourigna VongsaTian ThalaNan TharatSetthathirat IIOng LongSetthathirat IIIPhraya SuphoSetthathirat IIISetthathirat IVSetthathirat VAnouvong [2][309]
Lanao
Ph locator map lanao del norte.png
Lanao Confederation 1520 Lanao BarahamanMuhammad Tahir ud-DinLaut BuisanMaka-alang SaripadaDundang TidulayKahar ud-Din Kuda [2][234]
Lanfang
Pontianak Kabupaten.svg
Lanfang Republic 1777 1884 Pontianak (variable) FangboWuboSiboChaboTai'er [2][234]
Liang
ChinaHenanKaifeng.png
Liang dynasty Kaifeng [2][292]
Ligor
Thailand Nakhon Si Thammarat locator map.svg
Kingdom of Ligor 1283 1782 Nakhon Si Thammarat Sam AgiAbu SyahidMansûr ShâhMa'ayat ShâhMu'azzam ShâhMahmûd ShâhMuhammad ShâhSulaymân Badr ShâhParamesvaraMansûr ShâhSulaymân Badr ShâhRajah Qasim'Abd ar-Rahmân Shâh [2][234]
Luang Prabang
Luang Prabang Province-Laos.svg
Luang Prabang Province Luang Prabang Kin KitsaratOng KhamThao AngInthara VongsaInthaphomSotika KoumaneSurinya Vongsa IIAnuruthaManthaturat [2][234]
Luwu Kingdom of Luwu Palopo Tunyachoka-riTuni DjalloFakhrParabungBatara GowaTunitangkalopiKaraeng TunibattaMuhammad Bakr HasanMuhammad 'AliMuhammad ImadSankilangTuni Pasulu'Abd al-QudusMuhammad MalikHamaza Tumammalianga [2][234]
Maeda
Provinces of Japan-Etchu.svg
Maeda clan 1583 1873 Etchu ToshiieToshinagaToshitsuneMitsutakaTsunanoriYoshinoriMunetokiShigehiroShigenobuShigemichiHarunagaNarinagaNariyasu [2][295]
Maguindanao
Maguidanao 17th century.svg
Sultanate of Maguindanao Maguindanao MarajaTabunawayMohammed KabungsuwanMaka-alang SaripadaBangkayaDimasangcay AdelGugu SarikulaLaut BuisanMuhammad Dipatuan KudaratDundang TidulayBarahamanKahar ud-Din KudaBayan ul-AnwarMuhammad Tahir ud-DinMuhammad Khair ud-DinPahar ud-DinKibad SahriyalKawasa Anwar ud-Din [2][234]
Majapahit
Majapahit Empire.svg
Majapahit 1293 1527 Surabaya WikramawardhanaSuhitaKertawijayaRajasawardhanaGirishawardhanaSinghawikramawardhanaGirindrawardhana [2][234][310]
Makassar
Tunipalangga's conquests.png
Makassar Kingdom 1530 1900 Makassar TunitangkalopiBatara GowaTuni DjalloriTuni ParisiTuni PalongaTuni ButtaTuni DjalloTuni PasuluAllâh ad-DînMuhammad Sa'îdAmir HamzaMuhammad Alî'Abd al-JalîlShihâb ad-Dîn Ismâ'îlSiraj ad-Dîn'Abd al-Khayr al-Mansûr'Abd al-Qudus'Uthmân'Imâd ad-DînZaynal-'AbidînSankilang'Abd al-Hâdî'Abd al-KhaliqLimbangparang [2][234]
Malacca
Malacca Sultanate en.svg
Malacca Sultanate 1400 1511 Malacca Sam AgiParameswaraMegat Iskandar ShâhMuhammad ShâhIbrahimMuzaffar ShâhMansûr ShâhRi'âyat ShâhMahmûd ShâhRi'âyat Shâh I [2][234][311]
Malaya
LocationBritishMalaya.png
Malaya Malacca [2][234][312]
Mataram
Mataram Sultanate in Sultan Agung Reign.svg
Mataram Sultanate 1587 1755 variable RajasavardhanaHyang PurvavisesaBhre Pandan SolarRaden Patah SenapatiPengeran Sabrang LarPengeran Sutan TrangannaPengeran Sultan PrawataAria PangiriPangeran MasPanembahan IngalasaPanembahan KrapyakSultan AgungAmangkurat IAmangkurat IIAmangkurat IIIPakubuwana IAmangkurat IVPakubuwana IIPakubuwana IIIPakubuwana IV [2][234]
Miao Miao people Hengyang [2][292]
Min Min Quanzhou [2][292]
Ming
Ming Empire cca 1580 (en).svg
Ming dynasty 1368 1644 Beijing YuanzhangYunwenDiGaochiZhanjiQizhenQiyuJianjunYouchengHouzhaoHoucongZaihouYijunChangluoYouxiaoYoujianYousongYujianYoulangChenggongJingKehshuan [2][313]
Mong Yang
Map of Toungoo Kingdom 1572.jpg
Mong Yang 1400 1604 Mong Yang Sao Ngan PhaSao Hsi PhaSao Pu PhaSawlonSawlon IISao Hung Pha [2][234]
Mori
Provinces of Japan-Aki.svg
Mōri clan 1202 1868 Aki MotoharuMitsufusaHiromotoToyomotoHiromotoOkimotoKomatsumaruMotonariTerumotoHidenariTsunahiroYoshinariYoshihiroYoshimotoMunehiroShigetakaHaruchikaNarifusaNarihiroNarimotoTakachika [2][295]
Muan Phuang
Laos - Division territòriala vèrs 1750 (vuege).png
Muang Phuan 1707 1899 Xiankhouang [2][234]
Nanbu
Provinces of Japan-Mutsu.svg
Nanbu clan 1189 1868 Mutsu TokimasaMichitsuguNobutokiNobuyoshiMasayasuYasunobuHarumasaHarutsuguNobunaoToshinaoShigenaoShigenobuYukinobuNobuokiToshimotoToshimiToshikatsuToshimasaToshitakaToshimochi [2][295]
Ning Ning Nanchang [2][292]
Oda
Provinces of Japan-Owari.svg
Oda clan 1435 1868 Owari HisanagaToshisadaTosadaTomuraTatsusadaTatsukatsuNobusadaNobuhideNobunagaHideyoshiHideyori [2][295]
Otomo
Provinces of Japan-Bungo.svg
Ōtomo clan 1185 1619 Bungo SadamuneUjiyasuUjitokiChikayoChikaakiMochinaoChikatsunaChikatakaChikashigeMasachikaYoshisukeChikaharuYoshinagaYoshiakiYoshishigeYoshimune [2][295]
Ouchi
Provinces of Japan-Suo.svg
Ōuchi clan 1200 1557 Suo HiroyukiHiroyoYoshihiroHiroshigeMorimiMochiyoNorihiroMasahiroYoshiokiYoshitakaYoshinaga [2][295]
Pagarruyung
IndonesiaWestSumatra.png
Pagaruyung Kingdom 1347 1833 Pagaruyung AdityawarmanAnanggawarmanInayatGadzabadiMenradzaTsalenggathuTsau-LhaAhmadsyahIndermasyahMuningsyah [2][314]
Palembang
Palembang location.png
Palembang Sultanate 1659 1829 Palembang TsalenggathuTsau-LhaMengtsekyaMenradzaInayatGadzabadiAmritpalMengtsekyaHusayn [2][234]
Pangasinan
Ph locator map pangasinan.png
Caboloan 1406 1576 Pangasinan LiyuHong [2][234]
Pasai
Pasai.jpg
Pasai Sultanate 1267 1521 Pasai Malik as-SalehMuhammad Malik az-ZahirMahmud Malik az-Zahir IAhmad Malik az-ZahirZain al Abidin INahrasiyahAbu Zaid Malik az-ZahirMahmud Malik az-Zahir IIZain al-Abidin IIAbd-Allah Malik az-ZahirZain al-Abidin III [2][315]
Pattani
Sultanate of Patani002.png
Pattani Kingdom 1516 1902 Pattani Raja Emas KelantanMuzaffar ShahRaja Isma'il ShahMansur ShahPatik SiamBahadur ShahRaja HijauRaja BuruRaja UngkuRaja KeningRaja Shaktl KelantanSultan Long BaharRaja BakalanRaja Emas KelantanRaja Emas Jayam BagindaRaja Dewi PerachuShah 'AlamRaja Laksmana DajangRaja Emas Jayam BagindaAlung YunusRaja YunusRaja Long Nuh [2][316]
Pegu
Burma in 1450.png
Pegu 1287 1552 Pegu RazadaritBinnya DammayazaBinnya Ran IBinnya WaruBinnya KyanLeik MawdawShin SawbuDhammazediBinnya Ran IITakayutpiSmim SawhtutSmim HtawSmim Htaw BuddhaketiBinnya Dala [2][317]
Perak
Perak in Malaysia.svg
Perak Sultanate 1528 1635 Perak Muzaffar Shâh IMansûr ShâhAhmad Tajuddin ShâhTajul Ariffin ShâhAlauddin ShâhMukaddam ShâhMansûr Shâh IIMahmûd ShâhSallehuddin ShâhMuzaffar Shâh IIMahmûd Iskandar ShâhAlauddin Mughayat ShâhMuzaffar Shâh IIIIskandar Zulkarnain ShâhMahmûd Shâh IIAlauddin Mansûr ShâhAhmaddin ShâhAbdul Malik Mansûr Shâh [2][234]
Qi Qi State Qingzhou [2][292]
Qin Qin dynasty Xi'an [2][292]
Qing
18 century Qing China.png
Qing dynasty 1644 1912 Beijing Bukuri YongsonMengtemuCungsanToloSibeoci FiyangguFumanGiocanggaTaksiNurhachiHuang TaijiFulinHiowan YeiIn JenHung LiYong YanMin Ning [2][234][318]
Ryukyu
Location of the Ryukyu Islands.JPG
Ryukyu Kingdom 1429 1879 Okinawa SattoBuneiShishoHashiChuShitatsuKimpukuTaikyuTokuEnSen'iShinSeiGenEiNeiHoKenShitsuTeiEkiKeiBokuOnSeiKo [2][295]
Shan
Shan States-Map.png
Burmese Shan States 1557 1885 Mong Yang SawlonSawlon IISao Hung PhaHpaya KiaoSao Mong HkaSao Hkham TaoSao Mong HkakSao OnSao In HkamSao AwkSao Mong SaikSao Hsam HpiMaung NyoSao Mong SinSao Mong HsamKawng TaiSao Maha Hkanan [2][319]
Shiba
Provinces of Japan-Owari.svg
Shiba clan 1300 1554 Owari TakatsuneYoshimasaYoshishigeYoshiatsuYoshisatoYoshitakeYoshitoshiYoshikadoYoshiharuYoshiakiMitsuujiYoshiatsuYoshisadaIkki KokujinYoshimoriYoshiaki [2][295]
Shimazu
Provinces of Japan-Satsuma.svg
Shimazu clan 1196 1947 Satsuma SadahisaUjihisaMotohisaHisatoyoTadakuniTatsuhisaTadamasaTadaharuTadatakaKatsuhisaTakahisaYoshihisaYoshihiroTadatsuneMitsuhisaTsunahisaYoshitakaTsugutoyoMunenobuShigetoshiShigehideNarinobuNariokiNariakira [2][295]
Shu Shu Chengdu [2][292]
Shun Shun dynasty Hanzhong Zicheng [2][292]
Siak
Lokasi Riau Kabupaten Siak.svg
Sultanate of Siak 1723 1946 Siak Tsau-LhaMenradzaMengtsekyaGadzabadiMenradzaTsalenggathuInayatAbdul Jalil Rahmad SyahAbdul Jalil Rahmad Syah IIAbdul Jalil Jalaluddin SyahAbdul Jalil Alamuddin SyahMuhammad Ali Abdul Jalil Muazzam SyahYahya Abdul Jalil Muzaffar SyahAssaidis Asyarif Ali Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin BaalawiAsyaidis Syarif Ibrahim Abdul Jalil KhaliluddinAssyaidis Syarif Ismail Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin [2][234]
Sukhothai
Southeast Asian history - 13th century.png
Sukhothai Kingdom 1238 1438 Sukhothai Thammaracha IIThammaracha IIIThammaracha IVTrailokanatBorommaracha IIIRamathibodi II [2][320]
Sulu