User:Universal Life/Judaeo-Spanish

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Judaeo-Spanish
Native to  Israel
 Turkey
 USA
 France
 Greece
 Brazil
 UK
and others
Region Balkans, Middle East, North Africa, Europe and Americas
Native speakers
Between 96,000 - 200,000
50,000 - 120,000 in Israel,
8,000 - 10,000 in Turkey,
3,000 - 5,000 in the USA,
2,000 - 3,000 in France,
1,000 - 3,000 in Greece,
1,000 each in Brasil and UK,
less than 1,000 in all other 
Dialects
Hebrew script, Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-2 lad
ISO 639-3 lad
Linguasphere 51-AAB-ba ... 51-AAB-bd

Judaeo-Spanish (also spelled Judeo-Spanish or Judæo-Spanish) is a Romance language derived from Old Spanish.[1] [2] [3] Different names include Espanyoliko[1], Haketiya[1] (also spelled Haquetiya, Haketia, Hakitia)[4], Judesmo[1] (also spelled Dzhudesmo)[4] [5], Ladino [1] [5] [6] [4], Tituani[1], Sefardi[4], Spanyol[4], Spaniolit [5] and others. Its original region includes the Balkans[6] [4] North Africa[1] [2] [4] [5], Middle East [1] [6] and . Today it is spoken in Morocco [1] [6], Algeria [1], Turkey[6] [4] [5], Serbia[6] [5], Bosnia[6] [5], Bulgaria[6] [4], Israel[6] [4], Netherlands[2], Greece[2] [4] [5], Macedonia[2] [5], the United States[2] [4], Puerto Rico[4], Romania[5], Egypt[5] and France[5]. Ladino is actually the name for an older, non-oral language used by rabbis translating holy Hebrew works [1]. It is also considered by some as a dialect of Spanish.[6]

The number of speakers is not clear. Some sources indicates 150,000 people[1] and some others indicates that it is less than 100,000 people.[3] Ethnologue Report of 2009 indicates 110,310.[4] Ladinokomunita indicates the speakers as much as 200,000.[5]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "SAVING THE JUDAEO-SPANISH LANGUAGE AND CULTURE". France: UNESCO. 15/07/2002. Retrieved 25 January 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Agard, Frederick B. (August 1950). "Present-Day Judaeo-Spanish in the United States". Hispania. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA: American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese. 33 (3): 203–210. Retrieved 25.01.2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ a b "Judaeo-Spanish Orthography". Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Lewis, M. Paul (2009). "Ethnologue Report on Ladino". Dallas, USA: Ethnologue. Retrieved 30 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Shelomo, Alfassa (December 1999). "Ladinokomunita". Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gottheil, Richard (1906). "JUDÆO-SPANISH LANGUAGE (LADINO) AND LITERATURE". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 January 2012.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)

External Links[edit]