User:Winterskunk/Carroll l. wilson

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Carroll L. Wilson
Born (1910-09-21)September 21, 1910
Rochester NY
Died January 12, 1983(1983-01-12) (aged 72) (death date then birth date)
Nationality U.S.
Citizenship U.S.
Alma mater Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Scientific career
Fields Environment; nuclear, coal, alternative energy, security
Institutions Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Carroll Louis Wilson (21 September 1910   –   12 January 1983) was the first General Manager of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (1947  –  1950), and professor at the Sloan School of Management at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, joining the faculty in 1959, named professor 1961, and from 1974 Mitsui Professor in Problems of Contemporary Technology).[1]

An early advocate of the systematic study of emerging complex global problems, Wilson led a series of influential studies of environment, climate, energy, and security issues (__  –  __). The study environments he created were novel for their time, anticipating in style and format much future work of this type. Wilson took great care to assemble teams of highly-regarded experts, augmented by adequately-resourced research and administrative support teams. He required that experts ground their judgements in scientific and technical analyses, particularly statistics and systems models, and utilize this information in presenting and justifying their findings. He greatly extended planning horizons to consider potential outcomes several decades in the future. He provided work settings and activities that fostered sustained, intense, informal interaction among study participants. He valued and respected support staff, and made a point of including them and of acknowledging their efforts and contributions in group gatherings. He encouraged integration of analyses across technical disciplines. And he encouraged team consensus on study recommendations. [2]

While at MIT, Wilson designed and directed The Fellows in Africa Program (1960  –  1967), a precursor to the US Peace Corps, and later The Fellows in Latin America Program (1965  –  1967). Both initiatives sent recent graduates in business and law to work with governments, in Africa of newly-independent states specifically. [3]

In 1985, after Wilson's death, his colleagues and friends established the Carroll L. Wilson Award at MIT as a memorial to his life and work. The Award supports student travel to a foreign country to pursue "a project that would have excited the interest and enthusiasm of Wilson himself." As of 2012, over 100 Awards had been granted, and over 40 past Awardees were employed in academic posts, private sector leadership positions, or specialist roles in international development, energy, and related fields.

Early life[edit]

Frank J. Wilson is CLW's uncle, according to Atom's Young Man.

Career[edit]

Assistant to MIT President Karl T. Compton (1932  –  1936)
Vice President and Director of the National Research Corporation (19__  –  __)
Great photo of Conant, Hovde, CLW: http://www.scribd.com/doc/102700838/Harvard-University-and-Ivy-League-Behind-the-Scenes

Atomic Energy Commission[edit]

History of the AEC - http://www.atomictraveler.com/HistoryofAEC.pdf , http://www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/IHS/marshall/collection/data/ihp1d/67521f.pdf

1959. Anon. Strauss accused of using security procedures for personal revenge. IF Stones Weekly, May. "Carroll Wilson his first victim."

1947. The Congress: 8-to-1. Time, 17 March. Senate Atomic Energy Committee votes to confirm CLW and others.

CLW resignation: http://fultonhistory.com/newspaper%2010/Yonkers%20NY%20Herald%20Statesman/Yonkers%20NY%20Herald%20Statesman%201950%20Grayscale/Yonkers%20NY%20Herald%20Statesman%201950%20Grayscale%20-%203876.pdf

Beall, Jack (1947). Saturday Evening Post. 220 (19): 27 http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/19731135/atoms-odd-young-man.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Industrial management[edit]

President of Climax Uranium Company (19__  –  __)
Vice President and General Manager of Metals and Controls Corporation (19__  –  __)

Fellows Programs[edit]

Fellows in Africa[edit]

1960-1967

1966. John McPhee. Fifty-two people on a continent. The New Yorker, March 5, p. 101.

"After a year’s clerkship with Chief Judge J. Lumbard of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, [Frederick A. O. Schwarz, Jr., grandson of retailer FAO Schwartz] worked one year for the government of Northern Nigeria as Assistant Commissioner for Law Revision under a Ford Foundation grant [1]

http://www.mass.gov/courts/appealscourt/justices/armstrong.html Christopher J. Armstrong, Massachusetts Appeals Court Chief Justice 2000-2006 "devoting a year to the newly independent government of Nigeria under the auspices of the M.I.T. Fellows in Africa program"

Fellows in Latin America[edit]

1965-1967

Projects[edit]

Study of Critical Environmental Problems[edit]

Study of Man's Impact on Climate[edit]

(SMIC) 1971

Workshop on Alternative Energy Strategies[edit]

World Coal Study[edit]

(WOCOL) 1978-1980

Time: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,924128,00.html

nd. MIT Archives and Special Collections. Guide to the records of the World Coal Study, 1977-1980

Economist article: "King coal sets out on his travels." Economist [London, England] 17 May 1980: 89. The Economist Historical Archive. Web. 6 Sep. 2012.

  • Carroll L. Wilson; WOCOL (1980). Coal--bridge to the future : a report of the World Coal Study, WOCOL. Cambridge MA: Balinger. OCLC 6194653. 

European Security Study[edit]

(ESECS) 1981-1983

Bok's sister http://www.spoke.com/info/pF3YNr3/EnidSchoettle
Dr. Schoettle currently serves as an independent consultant in international affairs. From 1996 to 1997, she was chief of the Advocacy and External Relations Unit of the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs. She served on the National Intelligence Council as the National Intelligence Officer for global and multilateral issues from 1993-1996. Prior to her work at the NIC, she was a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations for international organization and law. Dr. Schoettle was a member of the staff at the Ford Foundation for 18 years, 10 years of which she served as the director of the International Affairs Program. In addition, she was on the faculties of the University of Minnesota and Swarthmore College. Dr. Schoettle received her BA from Radcliffe College and a PhD in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

_____ http://www.amacad.org/projects/1980s_sci.aspx The European Security Study: This study addressed an urgent issue: How can NATO improve its conventional weapons capacity to enhance its deterrent to aggression and lessen its dependence on possible early use of nuclear weapons? The project’s leaders assembled a large group of Americans and Europeans with experience in government, the military, defense analysis, and international relations. Participants determined that the central purpose of NATO is to maintain peace and political stability in the North Atlantic Treaty area, and to protect its members against military aggression or intimidation by the Soviet Union. The project showed that while NATO should continue to have nuclear weapons as a component of its deterrent, it must improve its conventional capabilities to avoid reliance on the early use of nuclear weapons in resisting any Soviet conventional aggression. The project resulted in two publications, one suggesting proposals for strengthening European security and the other developing a specific program for improved conventional weapons capabilities.

PROJECT DATE: 1981-1985 PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Carroll L. Wilson (MIT) and Robert Bowie (Harvard University) RESULTING PUBLICATIONS: “Strengthening Conventional Deterrence in Europe: Proposals for the 1980s,” a report of the European Security Study. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1983. (out of print)

“Strengthening Conventional Deterrence in Europe: A Program for the 1980s,” a European Security Study Report of the Special Panel. Boulder and London: Westview Press, 1985. (out of print)

SOURCES OF FUNDING: Cabot Corporation Foundation, Inc., Thomas D. and Virginia W. Cabot, Robert A. Charpie, Ford Foundation, Sibyl and William T. Golden Foundation, Richard Lounsbery Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, David Rockefeller, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, William H. Shurcliff, Stiftung Volkswagenwerk, Richard H. Ullman, Thomas J. Watson Foundation COLLABORATING ORGANIZATION: BDM Corporation
______________________

Club of Rome[edit]

CLW member of CoR exec cmte:
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment. (1973), Growth and its implications for the future (Growth and its implications for the future. ed.), Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., p. 181 

"very early member of" CoR, CLW archives hold many papers of early CoR from Peccei p. 75 http://books.google.ca/books?id=oP3wVnKpGDkC&lpg=PA72&ots=tJkK7PwroS&dq=%22alexander%20king%22%20carroll%20wilson&pg=PA73#v=snippet&q=carroll&f=false


Introduction of Jay Forrester to CoR The Age of Heretics: A History of the Radical Thinkers Who Reinvented Corporate Management Art Kleiner John Wiley & Sons, 2008-07-28 - 432 pages

[ http://www.larouchepub.com/eiw/public/1981/eirv08n25-19810623/eirv08n25-19810623_018-club_of_rome_founder_alexander_k.pdf Club of Rome founder Alexander King discusses his goals and operations (interview)]

Other activities[edit]

Member of Nelson Rockefeller's Critical Choices for Americans http://www.princeton.edu/~ota/disk3/1977/7703/770321.PDF ; http://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/document/0248/whpr19741209-012.pdf; http://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/document/0248/whpr19741209-012.pdf

CLW one of four recommended by Shriver to JFK to head Peace Corps - http://peacecorpsworldwide.org/babbles/category/politics/page/3/

On NSF advisory cmte 1962: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/1962/annualreports/ar_1962_appendix_a.pdf

Secret thing from Canada Ex Affairs http://www.international.gc.ca/department/history-histoire/dcer/details-en.asp?intRefid=9090

1951 phonecons w/ William T. Golden http://archives.aaas.org/golden/pdf/217_19510108.pdf http://archives.aaas.org/golden/pdf/256_19510130.pdf list of all such conv http://www.aaas.org/gr/pne/pubs/golden/6-05.htm

"interesting times, nsf since 1950" http://archives.aaas.org/golden/pdf/217_19510108.pdf - Lomask bio ref CLW conversation w/ author J. Merton England

1964-77 Director and 1978-9 Vice Chairman of the Board, Council on Foreign Relations http://www.cfr.org/about/history/cfr/appendix.html

Named to UNCSAT: http://books.google.ca/books?id=rputzWdn-awC&lpg=PA322&ots=-axf02k4qd&dq=carroll%20wilson&pg=PA322#v=onepage&q=carroll%20wilson&f=false
http://books.google.ca/books?id=rputzWdn-awC&pg=PA322&lpg=PA322&dq=carroll+wilson&source=bl&ots=-axf12l1pm&sig=3i0e8QmzYbFeTapBLVGk6d777qM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Xc5LUKmNEurkiwKXuYGwBQ&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=carroll%20wilson&f=false

1965-1971 Trustee, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

1941 (February) Member of a three-person mission to Britain, with James Bryant Conant and Frederick L. Hovde, sent by U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to evaluate war research and prospects for cooperation. [4]

Patent[edit]

Cigarette box

Awards[edit]

1982 Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement

Honorary doctorates:
1947 Williams College
1976 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

1948 His Britannic Majesty named him an Honorary Officer of the Civil Division of the Order of the British Empire for his “valuable services to the Allied Cause” in World War II [2]


1948 President Truman conferred on him the Medal for Merit for his work with the Office of Scientific Research and Development [2]

Mentors, Colleagues, Associates[edit]

Jay Forrester
Karl T. Compton
Vannevar Bush - "Wilson possessed Vannevar Bush's complete confidence and served as his alter ego in matters to which Bush could not give his personal attention" p. 45.[4]
Aurelio Peccei
James Bryant Conant
William Flynn Martin
Robert P. Greene and J. Michael Gallagher, WOCOL program staff

Wikipages that do-could-should refer to CLW[edit]

National Defense Research Committee Office of Scientific Research and Development Frank J. Wilson Jay Forrester
Special Studies Project
Medal for Merit
James Bryant Conant
Aurelio Peccei
William Flynn Martin
United States Atomic Energy Commission - currently misidentifies Kenneth Nichols as the first GM
Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement
Single-cell protein
William Welch Kellogg - current wiki entry characterizes him as the chief organizer of SMIC

Unsorted references[edit]

Time magazine: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,813667,00.html
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,855807,00.html
'what went wrong': http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,908282,00.html
1958 http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,862822,00.html
1947 Lilienthal confirmation: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,853078,00.html
Check newspaper articles in databases Check Who was who in America Indexes.



Nothing in Life mag

Bibliography[edit]

The problem of diminishing world energy resources is explored on the assumption that energy demand will exceed supplies in the medium and long term. The options are a global commitment to energy conservation and production or to a relatively slow economic growth. Long-term planning to develop and introduce replacement energy for coal is essential to avoid a gap that could lead to conflicts and the risk of long-term shortages. Numerous world analyses have been made, but their number can be misleading and confusing because of the different perspectives of those making the studies. The reports concur that a transition from oil is pending, but a global view is necessary to resolve the extreme views of the North-South countries. Part One-The Past, covers the Politics of Energy: the oil and nuclear power crisis; Part Two-The Future, covers the Energy Crisis: Outlook and Scenarios. All energy sources are reviewed and the prospects of a future energy crisis are outlined. 51 references, 12 figures, 33 tables. (DCK) -- http://www.osti.gov/energycitations/product.biblio.jsp?osti_id=6405356

  • Wilson, Carroll L. (1979). Energy, the countdown : a report to the Club of Rome. Oxford, New York: Pergamon Press. OCLC 4592978. 
  • check date, s/b 1974?: Khodadad Farmanfarmaian; Armin Gutowski; Saburo Okita; Robert V. Roosa; Carroll L. Wilson (1979). "How can the world afford OPEC oil?". Foreign Affairs. 53 (2): 201–222. JSTOR 20039504. 

Comment on above article: "A Marshall Plan for Opec?" Economist [London, England] 28 Dec. 1974: 23. The Economist Historical Archive. Web. 7 Sep. 2012.

  • "Introduction, Mankind and energy--needs, resources, hopes; Proceedings of a Study Week at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, November 10-15, 1980". Studies in Environmental Science. 16: 35. 1982. doi:10.1016/S0166-1116(09)70178-5.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, Howard W. Holding the Center: Memoirs of a Life in Higher Education. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. p. 307. 
  2. ^ a b c Lomask, Milton (1986). "One of a kind: Carroll L. Wilson, a biography by Milton Lomask". Carroll L. Wilson, 1910-1983 : report of the Carroll L. Wilson Awards Committee. OCLC 30758973. 
  3. ^ "Guide to the Records of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Office of the President AC.0276 Records of Vice President Constantine B. Simonides". MIT Institute Archives and Special Collections. 
  4. ^ a b Stewart, Irvin (1948). Organizing Scientific Research for War: The Administrative History of the Office of Scientific Research and Development. pp. 168–169. OCLC 500138898. 

References[edit]

http://www.worldcat.org/title/papers-1926-1983/oclc/122522338 CLW papers citation

http://www.wpainc.com/Archive/Japan%20and%20the%20Santa%20Fe%20Seminar/WFM%20Post-Fukushima%20Nuclear%20Speeches/Martin%20CFR%20Speech%20on%2090%20Years%20of%20Past%20and%20Future%20Energy%20Policy.pdf Energy: Looking Back, Looking Forward 90 Years Council on Foreign Relations 90th Anniversary Series on Renewing America Harold Platt House, New York, June 8, 2011 William F. Martin, former Deputy Secretary of Energy and Chairman, Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee of the Department of Energy

About Carroll L. Wilson '32, humanist entrepreneur

1984. Activist on the world stage: Carroll Wilson remembered. MIT Tech Review. February/March.

NYT obituary - behind paywall

External links[edit]

Category:Massachusetts_Institute_of_Technology_alumni Category:MIT_Sloan_School_of_Management_faculty Category:Massachusetts Institute of Technology faculty Category:1910 births Category:Club of Rome members Category:Medal for Merit recipients


Category: Order of the British Empire:Officers of the Order of the British Empire:Honorary Officers of the Order of the British Empire:Honorary Officers of the Civil Division of the Order of the British Empire