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Various Landemore Delib & Cog Divers cites[edit]

  • Barber, Benjamin R. (1982 (2003)). Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age (2 ed.). Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0520242335.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Barnett, Anthony; Carty, Peter (2008 [1998]). The Athenian Option: Radical Reform for the House of Lords (Luck of the Draw: Sortition and Public Policy). Charlottesville VA: Imprint Academic. ISBN 1845401395.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
HL: says he "has argued for a trichotomous diversity of opinions, values, and perspectives as a means to support the epistemic benefit of deliberative democracy"
  • Breton, Philippe (2006). Paris: Editions La Découverte. ISBN 2707146277.  Text " L’incompétence démocratique. La crise de la parole aux sources du malaise (dans la) politique " ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Caplan, Bryan (2007). The Myth of the Rational Voter: Why Democracies Choose Bad Policies. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691138737. 
esp. interesting for Martin: "... his earlier scientific work was in stratospheric modelling and numerical methods; astrophysics; and wind power and electricity grids." Australian.
HL cites for sortition proposed "generally on fairness grounds and for procedural reasons"
  • Dahl, Robert A. (2000). "A Democratic Paradox?". Political Science Quarterly. 115 (1): 35–40. 
  • Dryzek, John (2000). Deliberative democracy and beyond: liberals, critics, contestations. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198295073. 
HL cites for sortition proposed "generally on fairness grounds and for procedural reasons"
HL cites for sortition proposed "generally on fairness grounds and for procedural reasons" (pp. 78-103)
  • Elster, Jon. "The Market and the Forum: Three Varieties of Political Theory". In Elster, Jon; Hylland, Aanund. Foundations of Social Choice Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Estlund, David M. (1993). "Who's Afraid of Deliberative Democracy? On the Strategic/Deliberative Dichotomy in Recent Constitutional Jurisprudence". Texas Law Review. 71.  Text " pages 1437-77 " ignored (help)
HL see comment on Fishkin 2009 abt language/culture barriers.
  • Finley, Moses I. (1985). Democracy ancient and modern. Mason Welch Gross lectureship series (2 (rev) ed.). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0813511267. 
HL book cites for analysis of Athens' Sicilian Expedition
  • Fishkin, James (2009). When the People Speak: Deliberative Democracy and Public Consultation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
HL: "skepticism [about language/culture differences] can be partially countered in light of the positive results obtained in many deliberative settings, particularly [Fishkin's] across the globe, sometimes despite challenging communicative contexts induced by language barriers and cultural differences... "
  • Follet, Mary Parker (1942 [1925]), "Constructive Conflict", in Metcalf, H.C., Dynamic Administration: The Collected Papers of Mary Parker Follett, New York: Harper, pp. 30–49, ISBN 0415279828  |first2= missing |last2= in Editors list (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
HL, fresh air vs. avoiding a draft - synthesis: open a window in another room.
  • Gaus, Gerald (2002). "Reason, Justification, and Consensus: Why Democracy Can't Have It All". In Bohman, J.; Regh, W. Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ISBN 0262522411. 
  • Gaus, Gerald (1997). "Looking for the Best and Finding None Better: The Epistemic Case for Democracy". The Modern Schoolman. 
  • Gaus, Gerald (1996). Justificatory Liberalism: An Essay on Epistemology and Political Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195094409. 
HL: "[They] emphasize that the epistemic gain [from] what they call the Selection effect (the choice of representatives based on their alleged competence) is probably relatively small..."
  • Grunberg, Gérard (2002). "Le soutien a la démocratie représentative". In Grunberg, Gérard; Mayer, Nonna; Sniderman, Paul M. La démocratie à l'épreuve: une nouvelle approche de l'opinion des Français. Paris: Presse de Sciences Po. 
HL: Hong & Page "provide a much more fine-grained and specific account of the kind of diversity that matters for group competence. [It] is not primarily a diversity of opinions, values, "perspectives" (as end-results rather than processes), or even [...] of social and economic backgrounds [e.g. Sunstein's “social” heterogeneity] [.... but] a more fundamental cognitive diversity[...]: how each individual sees the world, interprets problems and makes predictions in it."
WP bio tagged for notability concerns - write to him about fixing that.

Hibbing, John R.; Theiss-Morse, Elizabeth (1995). Congress as public enemy: public attitudes toward American political institutions. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521483360. 

HL, cites for term limits as "essential and uncontroversial feature" of representative democracies.
HL, fresh air vs. avoiding a draft - synthesis: open a window in another room.
HL - citing for "selective descriptive representation" (oversampling possibly underrepresented, disadvantaged cognitive minorities) cf. what JM calls (after A.H. Birch 1993) "microcosmic descriptive" (pure sortition) which JM feels is "too utopian" (in HL's words?). Selectivity would supposedly "enhance the substantive representation of these disadvantaged groups' interests as well as improve the self-image of those communities or increase the polity's de facto legitimacy [presumably with those groups]".
Actually seems to get The Discourses, his seemingly oxymoronic title notwithstanding. No Amazon review yet.
Enviro policy before this. Euro guy now. Maybe knows our Japan Oxonian Euro guy? WP bio needs cleanup.
HL: quotes Mill saying this assembly should be "a fair sample of every grade of intellect among the people" rather than "a selection of the greatest political minds in the country" (Mill 2010 [1861]: 74-75).
HL, cites for those " agonistic pluralists" who "argue that problem-solving does not exhaust the tasks that representatives have to accomplish [...] a lot of politics is in fact about bargaining, the defense of particular interests or, even, more fundamentally, an existential clash of worldviews and values..." She goes on to say that this view is still "parasitic on a deliberative approach [....] For politics to be possible at all, rather than pure “agon” or war, there must be some fundamental domain of rational agreement to begin with."
  • Mulgan, Richard G (1984). "Lot as a Democratic Device of Selection". Review of Politics. 46: 539–560. 
HL cites for sortition proposed "generally on fairness grounds and for procedural reasons"
  • Noveck, Beth Simone (2009). Wiki Government: How Technology Can Make Government Better, Democracy Stronger, and Citizens More Powerful. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0815702752. 
  • Ober, Josiah (2008). Democracy and Knowledge: Innovation and Knowledge in Classical Athens. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691146241. 
HL: he "stressed ... diversity of "thought and culture" in the ability of the democratic institutions of Ancient Athens to aggregate the distributed knowledge of its citizens and to solve various public action problems ..."
  • Page, Scott (2007). "Diversity Trumps Ability Theorem".  In Scott Page. The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 131–174. ISBN 0691138540. 
HL: Hong-Page "cognitive diversity" (="functional diversity") is "a diversity of perspectives (the way of representing situations and problems), ... interpretations (the way of categorizing or partitioning perspectives), ... heuristics (the way of generating solutions to problems), and ... predictive models (the way of inferring cause and effect) (Page 2007: 7)+(Hong & Page 2004)?
HL: "under some conditions, a randomly selected collection of problem solvers outperforms a collection of the best individual problem solvers"
  • Simmons, A. John (2001 title = Justification and Legitimacy: Essays on Rights and Obligations). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521793653.  Check date values in: |date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Simon, Herbert A. (1957). Wiley.  Text " Models of Man: Social and Rational - Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting " ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Somin, Ilya (April 2004). "Political Ignorance and the Countermajoritarian Difficulty: A New Perspective on the Central Obsession of Constitutional Theory". Iowa Law Review. 89 (4): 1287–1371. SSRN 457760Freely accessible. doi:10.2139/ssrn.457760.  More than one of |work= and |journal= specified (help)
HL cite for term "descriptive representation"
HL cite for "the concept of representation is multi-faceted"
  • Popkin, Samuel L. (1996). The Reasoning Voter: Communication and Persuasion in Presidential Campaigns. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press. ISBN 0226675459. 
HL book cites him as using the phrase "hatred of democracy" to describe confirmation bias in "stressing examples of evil majorities".
  • Posner, Richard A. "Law, Pragmatism, and Democracy: Reply to Somin". Critical Review. 16 (4): 463–69. 
  • Rawls, John (1999). Richard Freeman, Samuel, ed. Collected papers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674137396. 
  • Raz, Joseph (2009). The Authority of Law: Essays on Law and Morality. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199573565. 
  • Riker, William H. (1982). Liberalism Against Populism: A Confrontation Between the Theory of Democracy and the Theory of Social Choice. Waveland Press. ISBN 0881333670. 
  • Rehfeld, Andrew (2005). The Concept of Constituency: Political Representation, Democratic Legitimacy and Institutional Design. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521849845. 
HL: He "provocatively suggests randomly assigning for life every new voter, upon their registration at 18, to one of 435 virtual constituencies [... which, he says,] would not only bring us closer to the real intentions of the Founders when they designed large territorial districts, but also closer to the normative ideal of legitimate representation."
HL - "...individuals come equipped with different cognitive toolboxes...
  • Sintomer, Yves (2007). Le Pouvoir au Peuple: jury citoyens, tirage au sort, et démocratie participative. Paris: La Découverte. 
HL cites for sortition proposed "generally on fairness grounds and for procedural reasons"
HL - "...individuals come equipped with different cognitive toolboxes...
[Clean up my cite, since the URL is to an edited volume.]
HL quotes: cognition is "a cover term whose extension includes our own reasoning processes, the up-dating of our beliefs as the result of perception ..."
  • Stone, Peter (2010). The Luck of the Draw: The Role of Lotteries in Decision-Making. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199756104 x Check |isbn= value: invalid character (help). 
Has commented on the work of a Waseda Prof, Tomonori Morikawa -
HL cites for sortition proposed "generally on fairness grounds and for procedural reasons"
HL, citing, says many political theorists say "a plurality of opinions and enough social heterogeneity for the quality of group deliberation [...] protect collective decisions against the risk of group polarization"
See HL on Sunstein 2003 above
HL: "... hard to find compelling examples of deliberation in parliamentary settings [...] because of the difficulty to meet the conditions for ideal democratic deliberation assumed by formal models, [e.g.], [being] informed enough and sufficiently immune to [discussion] problems [...] such as social pressures and [...] 'the law of group polarization'...."
  • Sunstein, Cass R. (2009). A Constitution of many minds: why the founding document doesn't mean what it meant before. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691133379. 
  • Surowiecki, James (2004). The Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many are Smarter than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economics, Societies and Nations. New York: Anchor Books. ISBN 0385721706. 
  • Sutherland, Keith (2011). R. Brecher, ed. "The Two Sides of the Representative Coin". Studies in Social Justice, Special Issue on Radical Theories of Democracy. 
Forthcoming. Write for review copy?
HL: cite for anchoring effects
  • Alexis de Tocqueville (transl. Harvey Claflin Mansfield, Delba Winthrop) (2000). Harvey Claflin Mansfield; Delba Winthrop, eds. Democracy in America. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226805328. 
HL cited this to say Citizen Assemblies are somewhat self- and chairman-selected.
  • Waldron, Jeremy (1993). "Rights and Majorities: Rousseau Revisited". Liberal rights: collected papers, 1981-1991. Cambridge studies in philosophy and public policy. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521436176. 
HL, cites this for Ober's "diversity of thought and culture" being claimed "with respect to the problem-solving abilities of culturally diverse groups compared to more culturally homogenous groups, provided the communication barriers have been overcome."
  • Wingo, Ajume H. (2005), Modes of Public Reasoning in the Islamic/West Debate (unpublished manuscript) 
  • Wittman, Donald A. (1995). The Myth of Democratic Failure: Why Political Institutions are Efficient. Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226904237. 
  • Zaller authorlink = John Zaller, John (1992). The nature and origins of mass opinion. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521407869.