User talk:1007D

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October 2010[edit]

Information.svg Welcome to Wikipedia, and thank you for your contributions. One of the core policies of Wikipedia is that articles should always be written from a neutral point of view. A contribution you made to Victorious appears to carry a non-neutral point of view, and your edit may have been changed or reverted to correct the problem. Please remember to observe this important core policy. Thank you. Confession0791 talk 05:47, 6 October 2010 (UTC)

T.U.F.F. Puppy[edit]

Just thought I'd let you know that, if you add an {{expand}} tag, you should explain on the talk page what needs expansion. Just slapping a tag on accomplishes nothing. Better yet, find an alternative to using the expand tag, as highlighted in WP:ALTEXPAND. Also, in this case, the article is already tagged as a stub (see WP:STUB) so an expand tag wouldn't have been necessary anyway. Ten Pound Hammer, his otters and a clue-bat • (Otters want attention) 01:50, 8 October 2010 (UTC)

Information.svg Welcome to Wikipedia. Everyone is welcome to contribute to the encyclopedia, but when you add or change content, as you did to the article Linkin Park, please cite a reliable source for the content of your edit. This helps maintain our policy of verifiability. Take a look at Wikipedia:Citing sources for information about how to cite sources and the welcome page to learn more about contributing to this encyclopedia. Thank you. Neo139 (talk) 16:32, 24 October 2010 (UTC)

Talkback[edit]

Nuvola apps edu languages.svg
Hello, 1007D. You have new messages at Malconfort's talk page.
Message added 11:46, 8 May 2011 (UTC). You can remove this notice at any time by removing the {{Talkback}} or {{Tb}} template.

your nomiation request[edit]

hello there! i saw your message and i'm sorry i can't nominate the article :( ... if i nominate it, an automatic bot will remove it from the GA nominations page, because i never made big contributions to the article... i suggest you read the page Good article nominations for more help. :) Thank you Salgado96 (talk) 13:58, 8 May 2011 (UTC)

May 2011[edit]

This is your only warning; if you make personal attacks on other people again, as you did at User talk:IHelpWhenICan, you may be blocked from editing without further notice. Comment on content, not on other contributors or people. Rude and uncalled for. Contrary to your belief, The Downward Spiral is not "the most important thing possible. I Help, When I Can. [12] 20:06, 21 May 2011 (UTC)

Yes. I Help, When I Can. [12] 01:14, 25 May 2011 (UTC)

Hello, I saw that you linked a lot of common terms at Fight Club (film). We do not need to link them; see WP:OVERLINK for guidelines on the matter. As a Featured Article, most links or lack thereof are fine as they are. Erik (talk | contribs) 11:37, 2 June 2011 (UTC)

As far as I know, for Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter (film), Reznor was only going to score the film and have a cameo in it. As far as I can tell, it's incorrect that he was to play the protagonist. Erik (talk | contribs) 12:14, 5 June 2011 (UTC)

Your recent GAN[edit]

I have quick-failed your nomination because a) you have never edited the article, b) you have never contacted main contributors, and c) it is not GA material. Consider those three points before nominate any article to GAN. ۞ Tbhotch & (ↄ), Problems with my English? 05:32, 4 June 2011 (UTC)

And you'll be blocked from editing. C'mon try it. ۞ Tbhotch & (ↄ), Problems with my English? 05:45, 4 June 2011 (UTC)

User:1007D/MOTHERFUCKABILLY!!![edit]

Could you please explain why you have this in your userspace, and what purpose it serves ? --Anthem 05:28, 7 June 2011 (UTC)

Would you mind deleting this and any other 100kb+ pages you've got around in your userspace ? It's not a great use of server space and wastes the bandwidth of anyone who uses it. If you want to play around with exceptionally large wiki pages, I would try a free wiki hosting server, because it's not really relevant to the project. Use the db-author template. --Anthem 12:15, 7 June 2011 (UTC)
Well, I can't actually put the tag on myself, because my computer is pretty ancient and won't load the page properly. Can you do it yourself please ? --Anthem 16:24, 9 June 2011 (UTC)

Your signature[edit]

Please take a look at WP:SIG - the current form of your signature (visible here) IMHO violates the intent and spirit of the guidelines. – ukexpat (talk) 15:10, 10 June 2011 (UTC)

Your sub-page User:1007D/MOTHERFUCKABILLY!!![edit]

I am not quite clear from your conversation with Anthem of joy (talk) whether you want this user sub-page deleted. If you do, either say so below here (I will watch this page), or put {{db-u1}} (with two curly brackets each side) at the top of the sub-page - that is a request to delete a user sub-page. Regards, JohnCD (talk) 18:33, 14 June 2011 (UTC)

The subpage is deleted into the deleting well. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "'On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 21:12, 14 June 2011 (UTC)

Nomination for deletion of Template:TVT Records[edit]

Ambox warning pn.svgTemplate:TVT Records has been nominated for deletion. You are invited to comment on the discussion at the template's entry on the Templates for discussion page. Aspects (talk) 03:05, 20 June 2011 (UTC)

Re:Tiger shark[edit]

Don't worry, someone will get to it eventually. Sometimes articles wait over a month at GAC before someone takes them on; note that it's not even first in the queue in the biology and medicine section. Start work on another article while you wait. J Milburn (talk) 10:13, 21 June 2011 (UTC)

Need your attention[edit]

Can you please comment here? I'm not sure if English is your first language but you seem to be creating a huge amount of work for people that have to go around fixing what you're doing to tons and tons of articles. I can hardly comprehend how much work it is going to take to make just that one article even remotely readable. Somehow, through lots of trial and error, I was able to navigate your talk page to the point where I saw that someone else cited WP:OVERLINK to you which is another problem with your contributions to that and other pages. Please, consider how much work you are creating for other people, and how your work reflects on Wikipedia as a whole when people read what you've written. --LuftWaffle0 (talk) 05:09, 28 June 2011 (UTC)

June 2011[edit]

Please do not introduce incorrect information into articles, as you did to Transformers: Dark of the Moon. Your edits appear to be vandalism and have been reverted. If you believe the information you added was correct, please cite references or sources or discuss the changes on the article's talk page before making them again. If you would like to experiment, use the sandbox. Thank you. —Mike Allen 07:50, 28 June 2011 (UTC)

PIGS!!!!

Blocked[edit]

You have been blocked indefinitely from editing for Compromised Account. If you would like to be unblocked, you may appeal this block by adding the text {{unblock|reason=Your reason here ~~~~}}, but you should read the guide to appealing blocks first. FASTILY (TALK) 20:32, 28 June 2011 (UTC)
File:Orologio rosso or File:Orologio verde DOT SVG (red clock or green clock icon, from Wikimedia Commons)
This blocked user's unblock request has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request. Other administrators may also review this block, but should not override the decision without good reason (see the blocking policy). Do not remove this unblock review while you are blocked.

1007D (block logactive blocksglobal blocksautoblockscontribsdeleted contribsabuse filter logcreation logchange block settingsunblock)


Request reason:

I AM not sure if I could be blocked from editing, because I am trying to improve an article on The Downward Spiral. While doing that, just vandalized an article about something I hate (that Transformers 3 film) by rewriting it with a band I love (Pink Floyd). That's an accident I made, so I'm sorry for the trouble. Don't want too much vandalism in me, and I will never be blocked again. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 20:54, 28 June 2011 (UTC)

Decline reason:

Uh huh. You want to explain these edits then? [1] [2] And your explanation certainly does not excuse page-move vandalism. Hersfold (t/a/c) 21:02, 28 June 2011 (UTC)

If you want to make any further unblock requests, please read the guide to appealing blocks first, then use the {{unblock}} template again. If you make too many unconvincing or disruptive unblock requests, you may be prevented from editing this page until your block has expired.

File:Orologio rosso or File:Orologio verde DOT SVG (red clock or green clock icon, from Wikimedia Commons)
This blocked user's unblock request has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request. Other administrators may also review this block, but should not override the decision without good reason (see the blocking policy). Do not remove this unblock review while you are blocked.

1007D (block logactive blocksglobal blocksautoblockscontribsdeleted contribsabuse filter logcreation logchange block settingsunblock)


Request reason:

Again, I am sorry for all that trouble. I want to be unblocked because I am trying to improve an article called The Downward Spiral, so that I can promote it to Good Article status. I wish I can fix that article to meet the GA criteria. I replaced that user talk page with a reference to a Judas Priest album, but one of my edits in my user talk page is what I can't explain to you (since it would be pretty difficult to talk aĚbout). However, I also moved the title of that film article to "Transformers: The Dark Side of the Moon". But anyways, the reason why I want to be unblocked is that I am improving The Downward Spiral, in order to promote it to GA status. There is also another reason I want to be unblocked: I don't wanna cause too much trouble like in May 2011. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 21:15, 28 June 2011 (UTC)

Decline reason:

I have to decline for two reasons. First, because you still haven't explained why you performed the vandalism you did. And secondly, because you haven't pledged to avoid vandalism; rather the opposite, that you won't do "too much", yet your user page states that you plan to continue it. I'm not comfortable unblocking someone who is practically guaranteed to cause vandalism. Just a note, I'm a big NIN fan, so this definitely isn't personal. -- Atama 21:40, 28 June 2011 (UTC)

If you want to make any further unblock requests, please read the guide to appealing blocks first, then use the {{unblock}} template again. If you make too many unconvincing or disruptive unblock requests, you may be prevented from editing this page until your block has expired.

File:Orologio rosso or File:Orologio verde DOT SVG (red clock or green clock icon, from Wikimedia Commons)
This blocked user's unblock request has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request. Other administrators may also review this block, but should not override the decision without good reason (see the blocking policy). Do not remove this unblock review while you are blocked.

1007D (block logactive blocksglobal blocksautoblockscontribsdeleted contribsabuse filter logcreation logchange block settingsunblock)


Request reason:

I "preformed" that kind of messy vandal-man stuff because I thought I hate Transformers. I wish I can try to act like having no vandalism, since I don't want to create spetaculation in any articles. Can I continue to work on my goal to promote The Downward Spiral to good article status? 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 5:47 pm, Today (UTC−4)

Decline reason:

I tried to give you a chance below, but you keep switching possible mentors on me and you don't seem to be taking this opportunity seriously. (See the full history for details) I am therefore declining your unblock request. -- DQ (t) (e) 16:48, 2 July 2011 (UTC)

If you want to make any further unblock requests, please read the guide to appealing blocks first, then use the {{unblock}} template again. If you make too many unconvincing or disruptive unblock requests, you may be prevented from editing this page until your block has expired.

Click view source on The Downward Spiral and copy the information. Make your changes in a word processor. Post them here. If they are good changes, another editor may put them in for you. Ryan Vesey (talk) 22:38, 28 June 2011 (UTC)
Thanks for the suggestions you gave to me. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 22:51, 28 June 2011 (UTC)
I would be willing to unblock, pending comment from the blocking admin under the following conditions:
  1. You would find a mentor who can watch and help you for 1 weeks
  2. The block is in place for at least 31 hours to make sure the point of vandalism is inappropriate got through
  3. You find that mentor on your own (you have the Special:Email function and we can poke them if need be) and that has GA experience of some sort and is active in it.
  4. Upon any other further violation of policies, you would be reblocked.
-- DQ (t) (e) 00:26, 29 June 2011 (UTC)
The blocking admin has reviewed and agrees the above terms. Upon your finding a mentor, I will adjust the block time or remove it per above. Feel free to email me with any quesitons comments or concerns by clicking the (e) at the end of my signature. -- DQ (t) (e) 00:50, 29 June 2011 (UTC)
I found a user named Yzx, who can promote a lot of shark-related articles into GAs, with some of them becoming FAs. Yzx will be my mentor, and will help me improve (and eventually expand) the Tiger shark article. Although I have the Special:Email function, I do not have e-mail at this website, but will add my Hotmail (or Gmail) account to my Wikipedia account soon. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 18:47, 30 June 2011 (UTC)
It's weird you changed mentors again, but I will contact the editor you have requested. -- DQ (t) (e) 21:21, 30 June 2011 (UTC)
Maybe a Marilyn Manson fan with a user name called Red marquis can be my mentor instead, since Yzx doesn't have enough time to do the job of my mentor. He has a GA experience too, like Yzx, and he is active in a goal to improve and expand the Mechanical Animals album. He might help me improve stuff like articles about music albums and songs. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 04:29, 1 July 2011 (UTC)
Can you unblock me also? 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 20:20, 1 July 2011 (UTC)
  • I will unblock you when a mentors accepts (aka you stop changing mentors) you. I will let the editor you specified originally that you are interested again. -- DQ (t) (e) 20:51, 1 July 2011 (UTC)
Salgado96 can be my new mentor instead. He was involved in improving three articles to Good Article status, and did so succesfully for one of them (the article about the Be Someone Else album). Contact him, then unblock me. This might be an easy job. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 10:25, 2 July 2011 (UTC)
File:Orologio rosso or File:Orologio verde DOT SVG (red clock or green clock icon, from Wikimedia Commons)
This blocked user's unblock request has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request. Other administrators may also review this block, but should not override the decision without good reason (see the blocking policy). Do not remove this unblock review while you are blocked.

1007D (block logactive blocksglobal blocksautoblockscontribsdeleted contribsabuse filter logcreation logchange block settingsunblock)


Request reason:

I feel sad of my current block. Can you unblock me? 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 3:04 pm, Today (UTC−4)

Decline reason:

I am declining your unblock request because it does not address the reason for your block, or because it is inadequate for other reasons. To be unblocked, you must convince the reviewing administrator(s) that
  • the block is not necessary to prevent damage or disruption to Wikipedia, or
  • the block is no longer necessary because you
    1. understand what you have been blocked for,
    2. will not continue to cause damage or disruption, and
    3. will make useful contributions instead.
Please read the guide to appealing blocks for more information. TNXMan 20:00, 2 July 2011 (UTC)

If you want to make any further unblock requests, please read the guide to appealing blocks first, then use the {{unblock}} template again. If you make too many unconvincing or disruptive unblock requests, you may be prevented from editing this page until your block has expired.

File:Orologio rosso or File:Orologio verde DOT SVG (red clock or green clock icon, from Wikimedia Commons)
This blocked user's unblock request has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request. Other administrators may also review this block, but should not override the decision without good reason (see the blocking policy). Do not remove this unblock review while you are blocked.

1007D (block logactive blocksglobal blocksautoblockscontribsdeleted contribsabuse filter logcreation logchange block settingsunblock)


Request reason:

I'm sorry, but I read the guide to appealing blocks. Noticing, certain edits by me could have some articles recieve a "cleanup" template. So anyways, I seem to be understanding the right way now, though I often don't need to make edits that destroy portions of Wikipedia articles. The "useful contributions" is what I'm going to be like now. There is no more vandalism and causing disruption in my account. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 4:53 am, Today (UTC+7)

Decline reason:

'Seeming' to be understanding the reasons for your block, and 'I often don't need to make edits that destroy portions of Wikipedia articles', and the your apparent commitment to vandalism in the blog on your user page, are not sufficiently compelling reasons for me to assume that you will not engage in further vandalism or disruptive editing. I would like to see a firm statement here from an experienced mentor, one who is prepared to help you overcome your difficulties in understanding our policies on vandalism and disruptive editing.

If you want to make any further unblock requests, please read the guide to appealing blocks first, then use the {{unblock}} template again. If you make too many unconvincing or disruptive unblock requests, you may be prevented from editing this page until your block has expired.

Kudpung กุดผึ้ง (talk) 06:05, 3 July 2011 (UTC)}}

File:Orologio rosso or File:Orologio verde DOT SVG (red clock or green clock icon, from Wikimedia Commons)
This blocked user's unblock request has been reviewed by an administrator, who declined the request. Other administrators may also review this block, but should not override the decision without good reason (see the blocking policy). Do not remove this unblock review while you are blocked.

1007D (block logactive blocksglobal blocksautoblockscontribsdeleted contribsabuse filter logcreation logchange block settingsunblock)


Request reason:

I will never make a bad edit (vandalism you mean?) again. Low-quality edits don't have the correct grammar, but I should have made high-quality edits instead of the low-quality thing. Is disrupting editing a concern on Wikipedia? Yes. So I may not edit the website disruptively. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 2:18 pm, Today (UTC+7)

Decline reason:

I'm declining your request again because you have not carried out the requests I and other administrators have made. Please read the reasons why we decline your unblock requests. If you make another unblock request before doing this, I'm afraid I will have to block you from editing your talk page. Kudpung กุดผึ้ง (talk) 08:50, 3 July 2011 (UTC)

If you want to make any further unblock requests, please read the guide to appealing blocks first, then use the {{unblock}} template again. If you make too many unconvincing or disruptive unblock requests, you may be prevented from editing this page until your block has expired.

Octagon delete.svg
This blocked user (block log | active blocks | autoblocks | unblock | contribs | deleted contribs | abuse log) has had their talk page access revoked because an administrator has identified this user's talkpage edits as inappropriate and/or disruptive. If you would like to make further requests, you may contact the Arbitration Committee at arbcom-appeals-en@lists.wikimedia.org. Please note that there could be appeals to the unblock ticket request system that have been declined leading to the post of this notice.
Request reason

I made this unblock request, after I read all the reasons why the administrators decline my unblock requests. The first reason is about being to describe two edits. My second unblock request was declined again for "two reasons. First, because [I] still haven't explained why [I] performed the vandalism [I] did. And secondly, because [I] haven't pledged to avoid vandalism...". I tried to have Delta Quad find a mentor in order to get unblocked, but that also failed to meet my expectations. TNX Man forced me to give a better detail about my predictions to not do vandalism and disruptive editing. Two more requests were declined by you. Contary to my blog's beliefs, I will never make any vandalism and/or disruptive editing again, just because I read Wikipedia's rules and understand its many policies and guidelines. The blog's facts about my plans to continue doing vandalism are not true. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 5:15 pm, Today (UTC+7)

Revoke reason

Yes, and I'm declining for a third time until you start following all the advice and requests I and the other admins have made here. Get yourself on a mentorship or adoption programme with an experienced editor. Get that editor to declare it here on your talk page, and the admins here will make a decision. In the meantime do not make a further unblock request otherwise I will block your talk page and that wil be that - final, end of of story. Don't say you haven't been warned.Kudpung กุดผึ้ง (talk) 12:43, 3 July 2011 (UTC)

NOTE: I may not be unblocked until I finish my adoption program. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 03:59, 4 July 2011 (UTC)

Sandbox

Sandbox[edit]

This section, which is a sanbox, does not include vandalism. It contains good edits.

Userspace for 1007D[edit]

This editor is a Signator and is entitled to display this Scroll of Signatures.

Tiger shark[edit]

Lead section[edit]

For other uses, see 1007D (disambiguation).
Tiger shark
Temporal range: 50–0 Ma[1]
Early Eocene to Present
Tigershark2.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Carcharhinidae
Genus: Galeocerdo
J. P. Müller & Henle, 1837
Species: G. cuvier
Binomial name
Galeocerdo cuvier
Péron & Lesueur, 1822
Tiger shark distmap.png
Tiger shark range
Synonyms

Squalus cuvier Peron and Lessueur, 1822
Galeocerdo tigrinus Müller and Henle, 1837

The tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, is a species of requiem shark and the only member of the genus Galeocerdo. Commonly known as sea tigers, tiger sharks are relatively large macropredators, capable of attaining a length of over 5 m (16 ft).[3] This shark typically reaches maturity at lengths of 2 to 3 m (6.6 to 9.8 ft).[4][5] It is found in many tropical and temperate oceans, and is especially common around central Pacific islands. Its name derives from the dark stripes down its body, which resemble a tiger's pattern and fade as the shark matures.[6]

The tiger shark is a solitary, mostly night-time hunter. Its diet involves a wide range of prey, including crustaceans, fish, seals, birds, smaller sharks, squid, turtles, sea snakes, and dolphins. Tiger sharks are considered a near threatened species due to excessive finning and fishing by humans.[2]

While the tiger shark is considered to be one of the sharks most dangerous to humans, the attack rate is surprisingly low according to researchers.[7] The tiger is second on the list of number of recorded attacks on humans, with the great white shark being first.[8][9][10] They often visit shallow reefs, harbours and canals, creating the potential for encounter with humans.[6]

Taxonomy[edit]

The shark was first described by Peron and Lessueur in 1822, and was given the name Squalus cuvier.[11] Müller and Henle, in 1837 renamed it Galeocerdo tigrinus.[4] The genus, Galeocerdo, is derived from the Greek, galeos which means shark and the Latin cerdus which means the hard hairs of pigs.[4] It is often colloquially called the man-eater shark.[4]

The tiger shark is a member of the order Carcharhiniformes;[11] members of this order are characterized by the presence of a nictitating membrane over the eyes, two dorsal fins, an anal fin, and five gill slits. It is the largest member of the Carcharhinidae family, commonly referred to as requiem sharks. This family includes some other well-known sharks, such as the blue shark, lemon shark and bull shark.[6]

Range and habitat[edit]

The tiger shark is often found close to the coast, in mainly tropical and sub-tropical waters worldwide,[8] Along with the Great White shark, Pacific sleeper shark, Greenland shark and sixgill shark, tiger sharks are among the largest extant sharks.[4] The shark's behavior is primarily nomadic, but is guided by warmer currents, and it stays closer to the equator throughout the colder months. The shark tends to stay in deep waters that line reefs but does move into channels to pursue prey in shallower waters. In the western Pacific Ocean, the shark has been found as far north as Japan and as far south as New Zealand.[12]

Tiger sharks have been recorded at depths just shy of 900 metres (3,000 ft)[4] but is also known to move into shallow water - water that is normally thought to be too shallow for a species of its size.[6] They often visit shallow reefs, harbours and canals, creating the potential for encounter with humans.

Anatomy and appearance[edit]

Profile photo of shark, accompanied by remora, swimming just above a sandy seafloor
Juvenile tiger shark in the Bahamas
Size[edit]

One of the largest sharks living today, the tiger shark commonly attains a length of 3 to 4.2 m (9.8 to 13.8 ft) and weighs around 385–635 kilograms (849–1,400 lb).[4] The largest specimen yet reported was a gigantic female caught in 1957. This specimen was presumably 7.4 m (25 feet) long and weighed 3,110 kilograms (6,860 lb).[3] Sometimes a male tiger shark can grow up to 4.5 meters (14-15 feet long) and females at 5.5 meters (18 feet long). A tiger shark can sometimes rival a great white shark in size.[6] Tiger sharks can usually grow up to 14-20 feet long.

Biology[edit]

Tiger sharks' skins can typically range from blue to light green with a white or light yellow underbelly. Dark spots and stripes are most visible in young sharks and fade as the shark matures. Its head is somewhat wedge-shaped, which makes it easy to turn quickly to one side.[6][13] Tiger sharks have small pits on the side of their upper bodies which hold electroreceptors called the ampullae of Lorenzini, enabling them to detect electric fields, including the bio-electricity generated by prey.[5] Tiger sharks also have a sensory organ called a lateral line which extends on their flanks down most of the length of their sides. The primary role of this structure is to detect minute vibrations in the water. These adaptations allow the Tiger shark to hunt in darkness and detect hidden prey.[14]

A reflective layer behind the Tiger shark's retina called the tapetum lucidum allows light-sensing cells a second chance to capture photons of visible light, enhancing vision in low light conditions. A tiger shark generally has long fins to provide lift as the shark maneuvers through water, while the long upper tail provides bursts of speed. Tigers normally swim using small body movements.[15] Its high back and dorsal fin act as a pivot, allowing it to spin quickly on its axis, though the shark's dorsal fins are distinctively close to its tail.[5]

Its teeth are specialized to slice through flesh, bone, and other tough substances such as turtle shells. Like most sharks, however, its teeth are continually replaced by rows of new teeth.[5]

Diet[edit]

The tiger shark is an apex predator,[16] and has a reputation for eating anything.[4] It also possesses the capability to take on large prey It commonly preys upon: fish (teleosts), crustaceans, mollusks, dugongs, seabirds, seasnakes,[17] marine mammals (e.g. bottlenose dolphins,[18] spotted dolphins[19]), and sea turtles (e.g. green and loggerhead turtles[20]). The broad, heavily calcified jaws and nearly terminal mouth, combined with robust, serrated teeth, enable the tiger shark to take on these large prey.[21] In addition, excellent eyesight and acute sense of smell enable it to react to faint traces of blood and follow them to the source. Due to high risk of predatory attacks, dolphins often avoid regions inhabited by tiger sharks.[21] Tiger sharks also eat other sharks (such as sandbar sharks) including other tiger sharks.[6]

Tiger sharks also attack injured or ailing whales and prey upon them. A group was documented attacking and killing an ailing humpback whale, in 2006, near Hawaii.[22] Tiger sharks also scavenge on dead whales. In one such documented incident, they were observed scavenging on a whale carcass alongside great white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias.[23]

The ability to pick up low-frequency pressure waves enables the shark to advance towards an animal with confidence, even in murky water.[15] The shark circles its prey and studies it by prodding it with its snout.[15] When attacking, the shark often eats its prey whole.[15] Because of its aggressive feeding, it often mistakenly eats inedible objects, such as automobile license plates, oil cans, tires, and baseballs. For this reason, the tiger shark is often regarded as the ocean's "garbage can".[6]

Swimming efficiency and stealth[edit]

Tiger sharks generally swim slowly, which, combined with cryptic coloration, may make them difficult for prey to detect them in some habitats. Tiger sharks are specially well camouflaged against dark backgrounds.[21] Despite their sluggish appearance, tiger sharks are one of the strongest swimmers of the carcharhinid sharks. Once the shark has come close, a speed burst allows it to reach the intended prey before it can escape.[21]

Reproduction[edit]

Males reach sexual maturity at 2.3 to 2.9 m (7.5 to 9.5 ft) and females at 2.5 to 3.5 m (8.2 to 11.5 ft).[5] Females mate once every 3 years.[6] They breed by internal fertilization: the male inserts one of his claspers into the female's genital opening (cloaca), acting as a guide for the sperm. The male uses its teeth to hold the female still during the procedure, often causing the female considerable discomfort. Mating in the northern hemisphere generally takes place between March and May, with birth between April and June the following year. In the southern hemisphere, mating takes place in November, December, or early January. The tiger shark is the only species in its family that is ovoviviparous; its eggs hatch internally and the young are born live when fully developed.[4]

The young develop inside the mother's body for up to 16 months. Litters range from 10 to 80 pups.[4] A newborn is generally 51 centimetres (20 in) to 76 centimetres (30 in) long.[4] It is unknown how long tiger sharks live, but they can live longer than 12 years.[6]

Dangers and conservation[edit]

Photo of shark hung by its tail on the shore
A tiger shark caught in Kāneʻohe Bay, Oʻahu in 1966

Although shark attacks are a relatively rare phenomenon, the tiger is responsible for a large percentage of fatal attacks, and is regarded as one of the most dangerous shark species.[9][24] Tiger sharks are often found in river estuaries and harbours, as well as shallow water close to shore, where they are bound to encounter humans. Tiger sharks also dwell in river mouths and other runoff-rich water.[4][5] 3 to 4 shark attacks occur per year on average in Hawaii and most attacks are non-fatal. This attack rate is surprisingly low considering that thousands of people swim, surf and dive in Hawaiian waters every day.[7] A notable tiger shark attack made headlines on October 2003, when (then 13-year-old) American surfer Bethany Hamilton lost her arm near her shoulder. Despite the attack, she returned to surfing a short time later.[25] Hamilton is now a professional surfer and inspirational speaker. A large tiger shark was killed and hung, and later measured to be presumably matching the size and bite pattern of the shark which attacked Hamilton.

Between 1959 and 1976, 4,668 tiger sharks were culled in an effort to protect the tourism industry. Despite these efforts attacks did not decrease. It is illegal to feed sharks in Hawaii, and interaction with them, such as cage diving, is discouraged.[26] South African shark scientist Mark Addison demonstrated that they could be tamed somewhat in a 2007 Discovery Channel special.[27]

The tiger shark is captured and killed for its fins, flesh, and liver. It is caught regularly in target and non-target fisheries. There is evidence of declines for several populations where they have been heavily fished, but in general they do not face a high risk of extinction. However, continued demand, especially for fins, may result in further declines in the future. Tiger sharks are considered a near threatened species due to excessive finning and fishing by humans according to International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).[28]

While shark fin has very few nutrients, shark liver has a high concentration of vitamin A which is used in the production of vitamin oils. In addition, the tiger shark is captured and killed for its distinct skin, as well as by big game fishers.[4]

In 2010, Greenpeace International added the tiger shark to its seafood red list. "The Greenpeace International seafood red list is a list of fish that are commonly sold in supermarkets around the world, and which have a very high risk of being sourced from unsustainable fisheries."[29]

Mythology[edit]

Tiger sharks are considered to be sacred ʻaumākua (ancestor spirits) by some native Hawaiians, who think their eyeballs have special seeing powers. This aligns with the general known facts about sharks and their highly developed senseģs.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 450: 560. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  2. ^ a b Simpfendorfer (2000). Galeocerdo cuvier. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is near threatened
  3. ^ a b "Summary of Large Tiger Sharks Galeocerdo cuvier (Peron & LeSueur, 1822)". Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Tiger Shark Biological Profile". Florida Museum of Natural History Icthyology Department. Retrieved 2005-01-22. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Galeocerdo cuvier Tiger Shark". Marine Bio. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ritter, Erich K. (15 December 1999). "Fact Sheet: Tiger Sharks". Shark Info. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  7. ^ a b http://www2.hawaii.edu/~carlm/
  8. ^ a b Knickle, Craig. "Florida Museum of Natural History Ichthyology Department". www.flmnh.ufl.edu. Retrieved 2009-07-02. 
  9. ^ a b "ISAF Statistics on Attacking Species of Shark". Florida Museum of Natural History University of Florida. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  10. ^ Daley, Audrey (1994). Shark. Hodder & Stroughton. ISBN 0-340-61654-7. 
  11. ^ a b "ITIS report, Galeocerdo cuvier". Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2006-09-22. 
  12. ^ "Galeocerdo cuvier". Fishbase. Retrieved 2006-09-28. 
  13. ^ [www.marinebiodiversity.ca/shark/english/tiger_shark.htm Tiger Shark - Centre for Marine Biodiversity]. Marine Biodiversity. Retrived 2011-06-09.
  14. ^ [new-brunswick.net/new-brunswick/sharks/species/tiger.html Tiger Shark - The Province of New Brunswick Canada]. New Brunswick. Retrived 2011-06-09.
  15. ^ a b c d "Tiger Shark". ladywildlife.com. Retrieved 2006-12-21. 
  16. ^ Heithaus, Michael R. (2001). "Copyright: The biology of tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, in Shark Bay, Western Australia: sex ratio, size distribution, diet, and seasonal changes in catch rates". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 61: 25–36. doi:10.1023/A:1011021210685. 
  17. ^ HEITHAUS, M. R. (2004). "Habitat use and foraging behavior of tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) in a seagrass ecosystem" (PDF). Marine Biology. Australia: Springer. 140 (2): 237–248. doi:10.1007/s00227-001-0711-7. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  18. ^ HEITHAUS, MICHAEL; DILL, LAWRENCE (2002). "FOOD AVAILABILITY AND TIGER SHARK PREDATION RISK INFLUENCE BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN HABITAT USE" (PDF). Ecological Society of America. 83 (2): 480–491. doi:10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[0480:FAATSP]2.0.CO;2. 
  19. ^ Maldini, Daniela (2003). "Evidence of predation by a tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) on a spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata) off Oahu, Hawaii" (PDF). Aquatic Mammals. Hawaii: European Association for Aquatic Mammals. 29 (1): 84–87. doi:10.1578/016754203101023915. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 
  20. ^ Heithaus, Michael R. (2002). "Shark-inflicted injury frequencies, escape ability, and habitat use of green and loggerhead turtles" (PDF). Marine Biology. Australia: Springer. 140: 229–236. doi:10.1007/s00227-001-0712-6. Retrieved 4 May 2010.  [dead link]
  21. ^ a b c d Heithaus, Michael R. (2001). "Copyright: Predator–prey and competitive interactions between sharks (order Selachii) and dolphins (suborder Odontoceti): a review". Journal of Zoology. 253: 53–68. doi:10.1017/S0952836901000061. 
  22. ^ "Humpback Whale Shark Attack: A Natural Phenomenon Caught on Camera". Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  23. ^ Dudley, Sheldon F. J. (2000). "Concurrent scavenging off a whale carcass by great white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias, and tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier" (PDF). Marine Biology. Fishery Bulletin. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  24. ^ Ritter, Erich K. "Which shark species are really dangerous?". Shark Info. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  25. ^ "About". Bethany's General Biography. BethanyHamilton.com. 2003. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  26. ^ "Federal Fishery Managers Vote To Prohibit Shark Feeding" (PDF). Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council. Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  27. ^ "Shark Week: 'Deadly Stripes: Tiger Sharks'". LA Times. 30 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
  28. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/39378/0
  29. ^ Greenpeace International Seafood Red list
  30. ^ www2.hawaii.edu/~carlm/tigershark.html

The Downward Spiral[edit]

Lead section[edit]

The Downward Spiral
Studio album by Nine Inch Nails
Released March 8, 1994
Recorded 1993–1994
Le Pig
(Beverly Hills, California)
Record Plant Studios, A&M Studios
(Los Angeles, California)
Genre Industrial rock, industrial metal, alternative rock
Length 65:02
Label Nothing/Interscope – HALO 8
Producer Trent Reznor, Flood
Nine Inch Nails chronology
Pretty Hate Machine
(1989)
The Downward Spiral
(1994)
The Fragile
(1999)
Singles from The Downward Spiral
  1. "March of the Pigs"
    Released: February 25, 1994
  2. "Closer"
    Released: May 30, 1994
  3. "Piggy"
    Released: December 1994 (promotional)
  4. "Hurt"
    Released: April 17, 1995 (promotional)

The Downward Spiral is the second studio album by American industrial rock act Nine Inch Nails, released on March 8, 1994, on Interscope Records and Nothing Records. It is a concept album detailing the destruction of an undisclosed man, frÂom the beginning of his "downward spiral" to his climactic attempt at suicide. Due to its lyrical and thematic content, the album was often packaged with a Parental Advisory sticker, the first of many instances for a Nine Inch Nails recording. The Downward Spiral features elements of industrial rock, techno, and heavy metal music, a stark contrast to the primitive electronic dance music style shown throughout Pretty Hate Machine in 1989.

Following the increase of popularity achieved from the marketing campaigns for Pretty Hate Machine, Broken and Fixed, Trent Reznor wrote the album's concept via poems. He moved to 10050 Cielo Drive with co-producer Flood, and started the recording process, in spite of electrical issues. Adrian Belew and Stephen Perkins were invited to participate in the album's production. Production wrapped up in February 1994 when it was mastered by Alan Moulder.

Selling over five million copies worldwide and certified quadruple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipments of four million copies in the United States making the album the act's highest selling release there, The Downward Spiral was a major commercial success that established Nine Inch Nails as a reputable force in the 1990s music scene, particularly following the release of the single "Closer" and its provocative music video (directed by Mark Romanek). The live band supported the record with the controversial Self Destruct Tour.

Since its official release date, the album was released to critical acclaim, and has continued to be well-received. While the album has appeared on many "best of" lists, it has been widely regarded by music critics as Nine Inch Nails' best work. Because it received a large amount of positive reactions from critics and fans alike, the album was nominated for the Best Alternative Music Performance at the 37th Grammy Awards on 1 March 1995, while the final track off the album ("Hurt") received a nomination for Best Hard Rock Performance in 1996, both which did not win any trophies. A companion remix album, Further Down the Spiral, was released in that same year.

Writing and recording[edit]

Background and relocation[edit]

"The idea for this record came about the end of '91 when we finished the first Lollapalooza, and we went to Europe. I was sitting in the hotel room and I was kind of seeing the energy that Nine Inch Nails was drawing on. It was a definite negative vibe, and although [...] it was powerful, it's ultimately not the end of the road: a means towards something else - I'm not sure what that is and [...] I kinda came up with the idea of [The] Downward Spiral which I knew would be a pretty harrowing exploration of that. So, this record was focusing on those certain things that were bothering me that I felt needed exploring - which is not to say that everything in my life is totally terrible and negative, but it was a record about a certain set of things and that's what I wanted to explore."

 —Reznor, on the album's pre-production.[1]

The first ideas for The Downward Spiral were conceived after the act's role in the Lollapalooza 1991 festival, and Reznor was experiencing personal issues at that time, deeming it a "definite negative vibe."[1] Thinking of the criticism the act received, he was considering committing suicide.[2] Though production on 1992's Broken extended play had begun after 1991, recording on the material written for the act's second album did not start until 1993.[1] Reznor often checked out 15 houses in a day, but discovered a building that was constructed at a residental area in Los Angeles.[3]

[[Image:Le Pig Studios.jpg|thumb|10050 Cielo Drive was Reznor's choice for the location to record The Downward Spiral. Pictured here is the studio surrounding the house, Le Pig.]] Although he did not know what direction the album would have, Reznor rented for $11,000 per month a house located at 10050 Cielo Drive in Beverly Hills, California – the location where actress Sharon Tate, wife of noted film director Roman Polanski, was murdered by members of the Charles Manson-led Manson Family in 1969 – on July 4, 1992.[4] He purchased several musical instruments and production equipment (including a Akai Professional sampler, various electric guitars from Gibson Guitar Company and Jackson Guitars, as well as a Roland Corporation electronic drum set), and invented a studio space in the house which he named "Le Pig" (a reincarnation of the living room of 10050 Cielo Drive, now renamed to 10066 Cielo Drive and currently owned by film producer Jeff Franklin), after the message that was scrawled on the front door with Tate's blood by her murderers.[5] Along with his manager, Reznor stayed in there for 18 months.[6]

Initially, Reznor was to record it in New Orleans, but due to financial duties, he changed his mind.[7] Amidst the notoriety attached to the house, he chose to record in the building he rented due to having found it interesting. "I looked at a lot of places," Reznor said. "And this just happened to be the one I liked most."[3]

Le Pig sessions[edit]

The first stage of production was the writing process. Reznor wrote a large number of poems, then made a list of things and lyrical themes he will explore for the album on paper.[8] He purchased two action figures (Jesus and Kiss lead singer Gene Simmons) while writing the album, and placed both at a mixing console.[9] The Nine Inch Nails frontman was afforded more studio time than the Broken EP, also partially recorded in Le Pig. Flood was previously involved in two of the ten tracks off Pretty Hate Machine (1989) ("Head Like a Hole" and "Terrible Lie"), and three songs from Broken (1992) ("Wish", "Last", "Gave Up"). He was hired as co-producer of several tracks on The Downward Spiral.[10]

A option of inviting a number of guest performers to record was created. Among the people invited to Le Pig are former Jane's Addiction and Porno for Pyros drummer Stephen Perkins on "I Do Not Want This" and progressive rock guitarist Adrian Belew on "Mr. Self Destruct" and "The Becoming" (who played in several bands, including King Crimson and the live band for David Bowie).[10] Belew said of Reznor: "Trent [Reznor] has an astounding command of technology, old and new; he's such an intriguing person to work with, but that may have actually helped in some way. The music just lent itself to so many ideas that are in my realm."[11] He went on to collaborate on two more Nine Inch Nails records, follow-up The Fragile (1999) and the instrumental, independently-released Ghosts I–IV (2008).[12]

File:Perkins070511.jpg
Stephen Perkins performed numerous drumming takes during the recording stage, and is notable for his role as drummer of "I Do Not Want This".

Perkins performed a number of live drumming takes that were recorded live in the studio; these tracks were subsequently rendered into looped samples that were manipulated electronically using Pro Tools in a Macintosh computer.[13] Reznor took a similar approach to recording audio existing of guitars, taping 20 to 25-minute long sessions of himself playing with a Jackson guitar and a Zoom 9030 pedal on a hard disc recorder with a Studio Vision sequencer. He would cut out clips of the recordings he praised for later use.[14] Many portions of the "stuff we do–even vocals–is recorded into the computer first. We get an arrangement together and then dump it to tape."[15]

Reznor later explained of most of the equipment he used in 1995:

Usually I call up [a highlight from Digidesign's TurboSynth program] the 'waveshaper' function and click through a few of them, or use the 'convert sample to oscillator' command. A real low pitch can get you some insane sounds. I also might modulate a guitar or vocal sound with a real low frequency from the oscillator module, something with a bell tone or some odd harmonics – that can usually produce some awesome death-vocal or guitar sounds. Also, for [samples involving the] guitar, almost everything was put through a Zoom 9030. I don't like the distortion stuff in there – it's too traditional – but I really like the amp simulator. We also used a new Marshall rack-amount head, which sounded great. I'd take the direct out of that through the Zoom amp simulator for a pretty good, almost Pantera-ish power-metal sound. I use that as a basis, and since everything's recorded in the computer, it's easy to take it into TurboSynth and fuck around with it."[11]

Nevertheless, the production was plagued with several electricity problems, and a number of songs had to be reworked. The overuse of the equipment they used and Reznor's stint at using something incompatible with various items resulted in these issues.[16] One of the songs written for the album, "Just Do It," made Flood speak to Reznor that he was dismissive of the final result.[17] A short song that was never completed, it talks about commiting suicide. Flood eventually relocated to the United Kingdom, due to his disatisfaction of Nine Inch Nails. Afterwards, Reznor completed the last song written for the album, "Big Man with a Gun", in February 1994.[18] The album is widely seen as Flood's finale with Nine Inch Nails' works, since he opted to work on various other albums like U2's Pop (1997), Depeche Mode's Ultra (1997), and The Smashing Pumpkins's Adore (1996).


Themes, lyrics and controversy[edit]

[[|thumb|Alt=A monkey strapped to a crucifix.|A common theme in The Downward Spiral is Nihilism. Parts of the Mark Romanek-directed music video for "Closer," such as this imagery of a crucified monkey, is a take on the theme.]] There are numerous layers of metaphors that are present throughout the album, which leaves it open to wide interpretation.[19] The album relays many concepts of Nihilism, such as the chorus line in "Heresy" (one of three meanings of the word is "adherence to a religious opinion contrary to church dogma"),[20] which exclaims: "Your god is dead/And no one cares. If there is a hell/I'll see you there." As a whole, The Downward Spiral is defined by Nietzschean concepts and a prominent theme of existentialism. It is a concept album in which the overarching plot follows the protagonist's descent into his own inner solipsistic world, through a metaphorical "downward spiral", dealing with relationships ("Piggy"), religion ("Heresy"), society ("March of the Pigs" and "Eraser"), sexuality ("Closer"), drugs ("Ruiner"), dehumanization ("The Becoming"), disease ("I Do Not Want This" and "Reptile"), violence ("Big Man with a Gun"), emotion ("A Warm Place"), and finally suicide ("The Downward Spiral" and "Hurt"). This character can be understood as a representation of Reznor himself. Throughout the accompanying Self Destruct tour, the visibility of controversy increased with religious protests, but before this point occurred, Reznor perceived himself to be "pretty normal. With The Downward Spiral, I can remember where I was in my head, what I was thinking, and I can remember writing that record, and the mindset. This record that was about an extension of me, became the truth fulfilling itself."[21]

"Mr. Self Destruct" describes the background of the protagonist, including sexuality. This aspect is further explored in "Closer," whose lyrics and music video were criticized by some for representing inapproiate content. The chorus featured themes of copulation, leading to a radio edit with the "I wanna fuck you like an animal" line censored created for airplay. The song did not top any charts, and failed to reach the Top 40 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, peaking at number 41.[22]

"The best thing about life is knowing you put it together."

—hidden message heard in the opening of "A Warm Place".

The meaning of "Hurt" (later covered by country musician Johnny Cash in 2002) is disputed; some listeners say the song acts like a suicide note with notes on depression, while other may find it to describe someone finding a new lease on life.[23] Officially, the song talks about differences between society and self-harm. The title track, somewhat like "Hurt," has the protagonist committing suicide with a gun aimed at "his face" (the unreleased "Just Do It" deals with a similar fate, while the gun violence-laden "Big Man with a Gun" might be heard sometimes as an alternative ending to the album – the latter with the main character killing a different person instead of himself), followed by changes of the person's environment.

"Piggy" is named after a character who has a dislike on the main character, whereby "Reptile" deals with the protagonist's role as a whore. Both songs are named after animals. "Eraser" is the only song to have its title conceived from the name of a invention (in this case, the school-used object with the same name).

"The Becoming" has the protagonist retreating from his human, emotional side, and the power and the pain inherent in doing so. Its lyrics include references to near-death and death experiences, and also use the name "Annie". When given about the use of "Annie", Reznor said in retrospect that this person "was abstractly referring to a college sweetheart/heartbreak situation that, at the time I was writing that song, was a valid source of emotional pain to draw from. Her real name is Andrea Mulrain, and her phone number is... [the phone number used was not printed in Reznor's answer to the use of the name]."[24] Even "Ruiner" blusters with disease themes, though the lyrics contain drug references, with the eponymous character's personality consisting of "ruin[ing] everything" so much that he could spread a virus.

Some of the album's songs conclude by repeating the same line or set of lines. These deviate from the traditional chorus-chorus ending in that these lyrics are introduced near the end, and they are not sung, but rather whispered or yelled. The most evident of these is the phrase "nothing can stop me now", which appears in "Piggy", "Ruiner", and "Big Man with a Gun". The same words would recur on later albums in "La Mer", "We're in This Together", and "Sunspots".

The record was nearing completion. I had written those lyrics pretty quickly and I didn't know if I was going to use them or not. To me, Downward Spiral builds to a certain degree of madness, then it changes. That would be the last stage of delirium. So the original point of 'Big Man with a Gun' was madness. But it was also making fun of the whole misogynistic gangsta-rap bullshit. [...] I listen to a lot of it, and I enjoy it. But I could do without the degree of misogyny and hatred of women and abuse. Then, my song got misinterpreted as exactly that. It was probably a lack of being able to write. I've been taken out of context, and it's ridiculous. [...] She's a fucking idiot. But I think The Downward Spiral actually could be harmful, through implying and subliminally suggesting a lot of things, whereas a lot of the hardcore rap becomes cartoonish—it's real to youngsters, but it's so over the top. From an artistic point of view, if I'd had a couple more months to look back on everything, I probably would not have put that song on the record. Just 'cause I don't think it's that good a song, not because I got spanked for it.[25]

Samples[edit]

The opening sounds of "Mr. Self Destruct" are a portion from the George Lucas-directed THX 1138 (1971) in which a man is being beaten by a prison guard while flanked inside a jail.[26] The drum track for "Closer" features a heavily modified bass drum sample from the Iggy Pop song "Nightclubbing" from his album The Idiot (1977). The sounds heard in the middle section of "Ruiner" contains a sample from David Lynch's film The Elephant Man (1980). The loop of screaming voices heard at the beginning of "The Becoming" is again a sample from the cult film Robot Jox (1991), which globally grossed less than US$2,000,000.[27] The voice at the beginning of "Big Man with a Gun" comes from a studio-altered recording of a porn star having an orgasm. According to the album liner notes, this sample is titled "Steakhouse" and is credited to Tommy Lee.[28] However, in the 5.1 surround edition of the 2004 re-release of The Downward Spiral, the sample heard at the point is replaced with a lower-pitched, distant wail, which echoes around the speakers.

The mechanical clanks at the beginning of "Reptile" can be heard in Leviathan (1989), and the looping female voice at the end of the second chorus was originally used in a horror fiction film titled The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1975). The watery noise at the beginning of "The Downward Spiral" is sampled from Ridley Scott's science fiction-horror movie Alien (1979). Japanese pressings contain a bonus track, the Joy Division cover "Dead Souls", originally released on The Crow original soundtrack.[29][30]

Release[edit]

Promotion[edit]

Before the release of The Downward Spiral, Reznor presented the album to Interscope Records, a record label who signed Nine Inch Nails shortly before Broken's debut date. After listening to it, they suggested that "Closer" be the album's lead single, but Reznor was critical of the song, unlikely calling it his attempt on ripping off Prince. The record label released "March of the Pigs" instead, hence Reznor's criticism of "Closer".[31]

Cover and packaging[edit]

Image:Nin-the downward spiral800.jpg(The artwork for the 2004 remastered deluxe reissue of the The Downward Spiral is also made by Mills. Note the differences shown here; the background is somewhat dirtier than the original, the brown leaves are darker than what was seen in the initial 1994 edition, and some of the metal wires are bended differently.)

Artwork and sketches for The Downward Spiral, "Closer" and "March of the Pigs" by Russell Mills were displayed at the Glasgow School of Art. He was commissioned to create the artwork for the record, especially the album's cover and booklet. He later made packaging to all of its singles (including "March of the Pigs" and "Closer to God"), the remix collection Further Down the Spiral, the 1997 videocassette compilation Closure, the 2004 Deluxe Edition and DualDisc re-releases of The Downward Spiral (which was accompanied by several new Mills-conceived visual compositions downloadable from Nine Inch Nails' website), and various promotional materials.[32] The reissued 2008 vinyl edition contains the same artwork doctored by Mills from the original release.

These interrelated works contain Mills' heaviest use of organic materials to depict a multi-layered sense of grotesque and decay (also known as decomposition). The artwork for the album was developed in Lakeland, Cumbria, with the process varying; many of the objects used in the artwork were re-done from Grasmere Lake. Animal skeletons, teeth, blood, feathers, and dead insects are embedded in the canvases. In some pieces, materials have been affixed and then exposed to water or chemical elements, so that their decay (caused by Fungi) is literally imprinted on the surface of the artwork.[33] Mills explained the ideas and materials that made up the painting (titled "Wound") that was used for the cover:

I had been thinking about making works that dealt with layers, physically, materially and conceptually. I wanted to produce works that were about both exposure and revealing and at the same dealt with closure and covering. Given the nature of the lyrics and the power of the music I was working with, I felt justified in attempting to make works that alluded to the apparently contradictory imagery of pain and healing. I wanted to make beautiful surfaces that partially revealed the visceral rawness of open wounds beneath. The mixed media work 'Wound' was the first piece I tackled in this vein (no pun intended) and it became the cover of the album. It is made of plaster, acrylics, oils, rusted metals, insects, moths, blood (mine), wax, varnishes, and surgical bandaging on a wooden panel.[32]

Accolades[edit]

The Downward Spiral received 1995 Grammy Award nominations, for Best Hard Rock Performance and Best Alternative Music Album.[34][35] Nine Inch Nails was subsequently nominated for two 1996 Grammy Awards, including Best Rock Performance for the song "Hurt" and for the inclusion of the Broken EP's debut single "Happiness in Slavery" at the act's Woodstock '94 gig under Best Metal Performance, with the latter award delivered to the aforementioned track that won the honor. However, "Hurt" and The Downward Spiral did not win any nominations.[36]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Huxley (1997), p. 95
  2. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 92.
  3. ^ a b "Making Records: Where Manson Murdered Helter Shelter" (214). Entertainment Weekly. 1994-03-18. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  4. ^ Gina Morris (April 1994). "Who Really Is Trent Reznor? (Select Magazine)". Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  5. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 96.
  6. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 99.
  7. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 97.
  8. ^ Estlund, Kristina. Trentspeak. Rip (November 1994).
  9. ^ Unknown author. Gene Simmons Responds to Reznor Slam. The Rock Radio Network (August 10, 2009). Retrieved 2011-06-04.
  10. ^ a b Steve Taylor (2004). The A to X of Alternative Music. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 165. ISBN 0826482171. Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  11. ^ a b Adrian Belew & Trent Reznor: Nine Inch Nails Meets The Lone Rhino. Guitar Player (April 1994).
  12. ^ Smith, Justin M. (2008-11-10). "Adrian Belew: Power Trios and Crimson Heads". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  13. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 107.
  14. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 104.
  15. ^ di Perna, Alan. "Machine Head". Guitar World. April 1994.
  16. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 98.
  17. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 111.
  18. ^ ""Top 90 Albums of the 90's". spin. August 1999. Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  19. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 95.
  20. ^ Merriam-Webster's Dictionary and Thesaurus. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. 2006. p. 504. ISBN 139780877798514 Check |isbn= value: length (help). 
  21. ^ Metal Edge, July 2005
  22. ^ "The Downward Spiral > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Retrieved on 2009-09-13.
  23. ^ Huxley (1997), p. 104
  24. ^ Trent Reznor interview 2004
  25. ^ http://www.theninhotline.net/archives/articles/xint8a.shtml
  26. ^ "Nine Inch Nails - The Downward Spiral". Discogs. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  27. ^ 1007D at Box Office Mojo
  28. ^ The Downward Spiral (Interscope Records/nothing/TVT, March 8, 1994) booklet; liner notes.
  29. ^ "Halo Eight - Japanese first pressing CD5". NIN Collector. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  30. ^ Evans, Paul (1994-07-14). "Various Artists: The Crow : Music Review : Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  31. ^ Mark Blackwell (February 1997). "Ninechnails" (transcription). Ray Gun. Painful Convictions (archive). Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  32. ^ a b Russell Mills (2006). "Committere". Retrieved 2009-04-25. 
  33. ^ See "Nine Inch Nails logo on display"
  34. ^ "37th Grammy Awards - 1995". Rockonthenet.com. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
  35. ^ "Awards Database". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
  36. ^ "Awards Database". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2007-11-10.
A little feedback[edit]
1007D, I found your talkpage and wanted to come along to help because it seems like you are trying to contribute in good faith to the article but seem to be a little confused about what is appropriate to include. I don't want to get in the way of your mentor but after reading this sandbox of your intended changes to the article, I have a few comments. It seems like the interpretations of lyrics that you want to include are in violation of the Wikipedia policy against original research and synthesis. When you make a statement like, "'Reptile' deals with the protagonist's role as a whore," and simply cite the lyrics for the statement, that's an example of something that's not allowed in Wikipedia. In essence, you're simply including your own personal interpretation; the only interpretations that can be included in articles must be reliable third-party sources. It's ok to include such a statment if, for example, a Rolling Stone article said it but it's not ok for you to simply cite the lyrics when you draw conclusions from them. It is similarly inappropriate to make opinionated statements about the packaging (like "heaviest use of organic materials") and then simply cite an image of the album cover. If you include anything that's even vaguely open to interpretation or subjectivity, it has to be cited to a reliable third-party source. I'm not saying that your interpretations are incorrect; the issue is that Wikipedia is not about your interpretations, it is about the interpretations from a published reliable source. I hope this helps. Chillllls (talk) 15:40, 29 June 2011 (UTC)
That's right, I could find ways to change those kind of references, or remove stuff with too much of that stuff. Maybe I'll replace 'em with reviews of the album, which you said is "okay to include."'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 20:06, 29 June 2011 (UTC)

Only Girl (In the World)[edit]

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Hello, 1007D. You have new messages at Wikipedia:Peer review/Only Girl (In the World)/archive1.
You can remove this notice at any time by removing the {{Talkback}} or {{Tb}} template.

Calvin999 18:00, 29 June 2011 (UTC)

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Adoption program[edit]





  • Adopter:
  • User to be adopted: 1007D

— Preceding unsigned comment added by User:1007D (talkcontribs)

You need to get your mentor to post a message here, confirming the adoption programe. --Kudpung กุดผึ้ง (talk) 16:03, 4 July 2011 (UTC)
Okay, I'll find a way to let my mentor/adopter to come here. Maybe a substitute wiki-template will work. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 16:24, 4 July 2011 (UTC)
My task of adding the template to this page, "subst:dated adoptme", is done. That's a easy job. The adoption program will begin soon. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 16:28, 4 July 2011 (UTC)
My mentor is Delta Quad by now, but can you find and contact him to come here? 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 00:28, 6 July 2011 (UTC)
I'm almost certain DQ is watching this page, and if he is ready to be your mentor he would have replied by now. I guess you should be looking around for someone else. Kudpung กุดผึ้ง (talk) 07:03, 6 July 2011 (UTC)
Not much of a wiki-manifesto, but I'm able look for a user other than Delta Quad in the "Adopt-a-user" program, despite having kept this page in his watchlist. You can post a message to him at his talk page that DQ might not adopt 1007D because I've swapped my adopter to a different one. He is offline as of most recently, as indicated in his status box. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 07:12, 6 July 2011 (UTC)
Krash Land On (KLO) is the user that will adopt me. Here's what I want you to do: Contact him on his talk page that 1007D is seeking to be adopted by KLO, his talk page is located right here. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 09:05, 6 July 2011 (UTC)
  • I have been watching this page, and I responded to your email 1007D and Kudpung, i'm pretty sure you got a copy. If you guys need another one, let me know. -- DQ (t) (e) 19:36, 6 July 2011 (UTC)
Okay, the adopter would be DQ instead. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 20:03, 6 July 2011 (UTC)
The more you continue like this, the more you dig yourself deeper in. We have been very patient with you and tried to help. You either simply can't read plain English here or in the emails you have been sent, or you are just playing games. Either way, you are running out of options - fast. Kudpung กุดผึ้ง (talk) 04:24, 7 July 2011 (UTC)
I can read plain English, but I wish the adoption program would start before the middle of July 2011. Did DQ post a message at this page? If you say yes, then I will give you the calendar date for the day when the adoption will start. 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 05:40, 7 July 2011 (UTC)
So you can read English, and you can read emails, but you do not seem to be able to read your talk page. In which case you either completely fail to understand the implications of what has been written in English or you are playing games with us. In either case, you do not appear to be demonstrating sufficient maturity to continue to contribute to the encyclopedia. As far as I am aware, DeltaQuad has no intention of accepting your adoption at this time, and you can neither demand nor presuppose that people will adopt you. You have one final chance to clear up this charade, and then if I am not satisfied with your explanation I will block your talk page indefinitely. Kudpung กุดผึ้ง (talk) 06:28, 7 July 2011 (UTC)
Let's see this solution to "clear up this charade": Delta Quad is too busy at this moment, so I demand that people will adopt me. I completely understand a lot of english-written implications, like your quotes for example, and I am always able to read my talk page. I predict that I should stay on Wikipedia for nearly 23 years, but I'd retire from Wikipedia in 2033, if I recieved the "Gom" service award. I'll not be blocked again after being unblocked, so that I may continue to contribute to the encyclopedia for a long time'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 07:05, 7 July 2011 (UTC)
I'm too busy to come back to this talk page every darn day and find that your don't understand that I have declined to adopt you. -- DQ (t) (e) 02:05, 9 July 2011 (UTC)

Adoption[edit]

For reasons I do not yet understand I am considering adopting you. I will review your history completely before making a final decision to adopt you or not. I am an experienced and trusted editor here on wikipedia and I am very familiar with all aspects of wikipedia life. I dont have much on my plate at the moment so am willing to assist you. I have conditions though and will discuss them with you after I look at your history. ZooPro 13:25, 8 July 2011 (UTC)

I often feel inexperienced, but I am (indeed) pretty new to Wikipedia. I joined in October 2010, where my first 10 edits come from. There were a lot of short wiki-breaks taken by me throughout 2010, plus a couple more breaks in the first half of 2011. I was born on March 8, 1965, but I am not anybody with Wikipedia articles about themselves born in that day. Late to respond to your comment because of my job at Interscope Records.'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 19:31, 8 July 2011 (UTC)
ZooPro, I will send you an email re this. Keep an eye out for it pls. :) -- DQ (t) (e) 02:07, 9 July 2011 (UTC)
@ZooPro: Are you still reviewing my history? 'I () () `'/ I><pron0un¢ed "On£-ThouSand-$e7enT¥"> 14:23, 9 July 2011 (UTC)
I will not adopt you as I do not believe it would help the project to do so. It is clear some very experienced and highly regarded editors have attempted to help you and you have failed to listen to them so I doubt you would listen to me. My best regards to those that have attempted to curb your ways they have put up with far more then I would have. ZooPro 09:02, 10 July 2011 (UTC)

July 2011[edit]

You have been blocked from editing for For further evasion with User:71.142.223.236 and another IP on my TP. arbcom-l@lists.wikimedia.org is your next avenue of appeal.. Once the block has expired, you are welcome to make useful contributions. Your ability to edit this talk page has also been revoked. If you would like to be unblocked, you should read the guide to appealing blocks, then contact the unblock mailing list at arbcom-l@lists.wikimedia.org. -- DQ (t) (e) 23:12, 9 July 2011 (UTC)

A barnstar for you![edit]

Special Barnstar Hires.png The Special Barnstar
Thanks for your work in Wikipedia even some of your editing and discussing methods is not allowed in this site. I really appreciate what you did to make NIN articles better. GreenZeb (talk) 11:26, 11 July 2011 (UTC)

ã== Tiger shark ==

Hello, the GA review is up. LittleJerry (talk) 23:47, 17 July 2011 (UTC)

File copyright problem with File:Le Pig Studios.jpg[edit]

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Orphaned non-free image File:Nine Inch Nails The Downward Spiral 300x300 pixels.jpg[edit]

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