User talk:Peace01234

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Unemployment Data[edit]

Notes on "US Unemployment 1890-2009.gif" 1930-2009 data are from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, 1940 to date was at this link ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/lf/aat1.txt retrieved March 9, 2009. However, that link is inactive now. This link [1] retrieved October 29, 2016 includes data beginning in 1945. and [2] retrieved February 12, 2010. See also "Historical Comparability" under the Household Data section of the Explanatory Notes at http://www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf. 1890-1920 data are from Christina Romer (1986). "Spurious Volatility in Historical Unemployment Data", The Journal of Political Economy, 94(1): 1-37. 1920-1930 data are from Robert M. Coen (1973). "Labor Force and Unemployment in the 1920's and 1930's: A Re-Examination Based on Postwar Experience", 55(1): 46-55. Data prior to 1948 are for persons age 14 and over. Data beginning in 1948 are for persons age 16 and over. Peace01234 (talk) 22:41, 20 August 2010 (UTC)

Complete data for "US Unemployment 1890-2009.gif": Year; % Unemployment; Estimated % Unemployment. 1890; n/a; 3.97%. 1891; n/a; 4.77%. 1892; n/a; 3.72%. 1893; n/a; 8.09%. 1894; n/a; 12.33%. 1895; n/a; 11.11%. 1896; n/a; 11.96%. 1897; n/a; 12.43%. 1898; n/a; 11.62%. 1899; n/a; 8.66%. 1900; n/a; 5.00%. 1901; n/a; 4.59%. 1902; n/a; 4.30%. 1903; n/a; 4.35%. 1904; n/a; 5.08%. 1905; n/a; 4.62%. 1906; n/a; 3.29%. 1907; n/a; 3.57%. 1908; n/a; 6.17%. 1909; n/a; 5.13%. 1910; n/a; 5.86%. 1911; n/a; 6.27%. 1912; n/a; 5.25%. 1913; n/a; 4.93%. 1914; n/a; 6.63%. 1915; n/a; 7.18%. 1916; n/a; 5.63%. 1917; n/a; 5.23%. 1918; n/a; 3.38%. 1919; n/a; 2.95%. 1920; n/a; 5.16%. 1921; n/a; 8.73%. 1922; n/a; 6.93%. 1923; n/a; 4.80%. 1924; n/a; 5.80%. 1925; n/a; 4.92%. 1926; n/a; 4.02%. 1927; n/a; 4.57%. 1928; n/a; 5.02%. 1929; n/a; 4.61%. 1930; n/a; 8.94%. 1931; n/a; 13.00%. 1932; n/a; 18.80%. 1933; n/a; 19.80%. 1934; n/a; 21.30%. 1935; n/a; 19.50%. 1936; n/a; 16.60%. 1937; n/a; 14.10%. 1938; n/a; 17.80%. 1939; n/a; 16.00%. 1940; 14.60%; n/a. 1941; 9.90%; n/a. 1942; 4.70%; n/a. 1943; 1.90%; n/a. 1944; 1.20%; n/a. 1945; 1.90%; n/a. 1946; 3.90%; n/a. 1947; 3.90%; n/a. 1948; 3.80%; n/a. 1949; 5.90%; n/a. 1950; 5.30%; n/a. 1951; 3.30%; n/a. 1952; 3.00%; n/a. 1953; 2.90%; n/a. 1954; 5.50%; n/a. 1955; 4.40%; n/a. 1956; 4.10%; n/a. 1957; 4.30%; n/a. 1958; 6.80%; n/a. 1959; 5.50%; n/a. 1960; 5.50%; n/a. 1961; 6.70%; n/a. 1962; 5.50%; n/a. 1963; 5.70%; n/a. 1964; 5.20%; n/a. 1965; 4.50%; n/a. 1966; 3.80%; n/a. 1967; 3.80%; n/a. 1968; 3.60%; n/a. 1969; 3.50%; n/a. 1970; 4.90%; n/a. 1971; 5.90%; n/a. 1972; 5.60%; n/a. 1973; 4.90%; n/a. 1974; 5.60%; n/a. 1975; 8.50%; n/a. 1976; 7.70%; n/a. 1977; 7.10%; n/a. 1978; 6.10%; n/a. 1979; 5.80%; n/a. 1980; 7.10%; n/a. 1981; 7.60%; n/a. 1982; 9.70%; n/a. 1983; 9.60%; n/a. 1984; 7.50%; n/a. 1985; 7.20%; n/a. 1986; 7.00%; n/a. 1987; 6.20%; n/a. 1988; 5.50%; n/a. 1989; 5.30%; n/a. 1990; 5.60%; n/a. 1991; 6.80%; n/a. 1992; 7.50%; n/a. 1993; 6.90%; n/a. 1994; 6.10%; n/a. 1995; 5.60%; n/a. 1996; 5.40%; n/a. 1997; 4.90%; n/a. 1998; 4.50%; n/a. 1999; 4.20%; n/a. 2000; 4.00%; n/a. 2001; 4.70%; n/a. 2002; 5.80%; n/a. 2003; 6.00%; n/a. 2004; 5.50%; n/a. 2005; 5.10%; n/a. 2006; 4.60%; n/a. 2007; 4.60%; n/a. 2008; 5.80%; n/a. 2009; 9.30%; n/a. 2010; n/a; 9.70%.

Complete data for "United States Estimated Unemployment 1800-1890.gif" Year; Decade Averages; Crisis Years. 1800; 0.02; n/a. 1801; 0.02; n/a. 1802; 0.02; n/a. 1803; 0.02; n/a. 1804; 0.02; n/a. 1805; 0.02; n/a. 1806; 0.02; n/a. 1807; 0.02; n/a. 1808; 0.02; n/a. 1809; 0.02; n/a. 1810; 0.02; n/a. 1811; 0.02; n/a. 1812; 0.02; n/a. 1813; 0.02; n/a. 1814; 0.02; n/a. 1815; 0.02; n/a. 1816; 0.02; n/a. 1817; 0.02; n/a. 1818; 0.02; 0.02. 1819; 0.02; 0.04. 1820; 0.02; 0.02. 1821; 0.02; n/a. 1822; 0.02; n/a. 1823; 0.02; n/a. 1824; 0.02; n/a. 1825; 0.02; n/a. 1826; 0.02; n/a. 1827; 0.02; n/a. 1828; 0.02; n/a. 1829; 0.02; n/a. 1830; 0.02; n/a. 1831; 0.02; n/a. 1832; 0.02; n/a. 1833; 0.02; n/a. 1834; 0.02; n/a. 1835; 0.02; n/a. 1836; 0.02; n/a. 1837; 0.02; 0.02. 1838; 0.02; 0.07. 1839; 0.02; 0.02. 1840; 0.045; n/a. 1841; 0.045; n/a. 1842; 0.045; n/a. 1843; 0.045; n/a. 1844; 0.045; n/a. 1845; 0.045; n/a. 1846; 0.045; n/a. 1847; 0.045; n/a. 1848; 0.045; n/a. 1849; 0.045; n/a. 1850; 0.045; n/a. 1851; 0.045; n/a. 1852; 0.045; n/a. 1853; 0.045; n/a. 1854; 0.045; n/a. 1855; 0.045; n/a. 1856; 0.045; n/a. 1857; 0.045; 0.045. 1858; 0.045; 0.07. 1859; 0.045; 0.045. 1860; 0.045; n/a. 1861; 0.045; n/a. 1862; 0.045; n/a. 1863; 0.045; n/a. 1864; 0.045; n/a. 1865; 0.045; n/a. 1866; 0.045; n/a. 1867; 0.045; n/a. 1868; 0.045; n/a. 1869; 0.045; n/a. 1870; 0.1; n/a. 1871; 0.1; n/a. 1872; 0.1; n/a. 1873; 0.1; 0.1. 1874; 0.1; 0.13. 1875; 0.1; 0.13. 1876; 0.1; 0.13. 1877; 0.1; 0.1. 1878; 0.1; n/a. 1879; 0.1; n/a. 1880; 0.04; n/a. 1881; 0.04; n/a. 1882; 0.04; n/a. 1883; 0.04; n/a. 1884; 0.04; 0.04. 1885; 0.04; 0.075. 1886; 0.04; 0.04. 1887; 0.04; n/a. 1888; 0.04; n/a. 1889; 0.04; n/a.

Thank you. May I ask about details?
  1. Your BLS link (http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat01.htm) currently starts in 1945, not 1940. Is there another link that gives BLS data for 1940 or 1941 to 1944? Or is your claim that BLS data started in 1940 a typo, and it should be 1945?
  2. You credit both Coen and Romer for the 1930 number: I'm adding these numbers to the "USGDPpresidents" data set in the "Ecdat" package for R (programming language), and I'd like to give only one source for each year. Which would you suggest I use?
  3. Some of your links no longer work. It would be nice if they worked.
Thanks again for your work on this. DavidMCEddy (talk) 04:30, 9 July 2016 (UTC)
Response to DavidMCEddy,
  1. The data included 1940-1945 when I accessed it, buy you are correct that the BLS has changed the page since then.
  2. Unemployment data was originally only collected every 10 years and later every year. Coen estimated the missing yearly unemployment data. Later, Romer revised Coen's original estimation of the missing yearly unemployment data. Romer's analyses include more detailed analytics based on more comprehensive externalities that improve the estimation of the missing yearly unemployment data. I used Romer's numbers for 1890-1920 and Coen's numbers for 1920-1930 (see citation specifics above). So, I suggest you cite both individuals because I used both Romer and Coen's numbers. I do not know the "Ecdat" standards for citations. If you cannot include 2 citations, it might be acceptable practice to only cite Romer because Romer reports Coen's numbers in her own paper. I hope that helps.
  3. I have updated the link. Thanks for helping catch that.
Peace01234 (talk) 18:48, 30 October 2016 (UTC)

Data for map of net reserves[edit]

Complete data for "Country_foreign_exchange_reserves_minus_external_debt.png"

Country,External debt,Reserves of foreign exchange and gold,Net reserves of foreign exchange and gold minus external debt Afghanistan,"$2,700,000,000 ",,"($2,700,000,000)" Albania,"$2,810,000,000 ","$1,992,000,000 ","($818,000,000)" Algeria,"$4,138,000,000 ","$150,100,000,000 ","$145,962,000,000 " Angola,"$17,980,000,000 ","$16,890,000,000 ","($1,090,000,000)" Anguilla,"$8,800,000 ",,"($8,800,000)" Antigua and Barbuda,"$359,800,000 ",,"($359,800,000)" Argentina,"$160,900,000,000 ","$53,610,000,000 ","($107,290,000,000)" Armenia,"$5,227,000,000 ","$2,247,000,000 ","($2,980,000,000)" Aruba,"$478,600,000 ",,"($478,600,000)" Australia,"$1,169,000,000,000 ","$38,620,000,000 ","($1,130,380,000,000)" Austria,"$755,000,000,000 ","$21,890,000,000 ","($733,110,000,000)" Azerbaijan,"$3,221,000,000 ","$6,330,000,000 ","$3,109,000,000 " "Bahamas, The","$342,600,000 ",,"($342,600,000)" Bahrain,"$14,680,000,000 ","$3,766,000,000 ","($10,914,000,000)" Bangladesh,"$24,460,000,000 ","$10,790,000,000 ","($13,670,000,000)" Barbados,"$668,000,000 ","$620,000,000 ","($48,000,000)" Belarus,"$24,800,000,000 ","$5,755,000,000 ","($19,045,000,000)" Belgium,"$1,241,000,000,000 ","$23,980,000,000 ","($1,217,020,000,000)" Belize,"$1,010,000,000 ","$219,000,000 ","($791,000,000)" Benin,"$2,894,000,000 ","$1,254,000,000 ","($1,640,000,000)" Bermuda,"$160,000,000 ",,"($160,000,000)" Bhutan,"$836,000,000 ",,"($836,000,000)" Bolivia,"$2,864,000,000 ","$9,730,000,000 ","$6,866,000,000 " Bosnia and Herzegovina,"$7,996,000,000 ","$4,200,000,000 ","($3,796,000,000)" Botswana,"$2,222,000,000 ","$7,834,000,000 ","$5,612,000,000 " Brazil,"$310,800,000,000 ","$290,900,000,000 ","($19,900,000,000)" British Virgin Islands,"$36,100,000 ",,"($36,100,000)" Brunei,$0 ,,$0 Bulgaria,"$47,150,000,000 ","$17,270,000,000 ","($29,880,000,000)" Burkina Faso,"$2,002,000,000 ","$1,588,000,000 ","($414,000,000)" Burma,"$7,145,000,000 ","$3,762,000,000 ","($3,383,000,000)" Burundi,"$1,200,000,000 ","$320,000,000 ","($880,000,000)" Cambodia,"$4,338,000,000 ","$3,840,000,000 ","($498,000,000)" Cameroon,"$3,344,000,000 ","$4,023,000,000 ","$679,000,000 " Canada,"$1,009,000,000,000 ","$54,360,000,000 ","($954,640,000,000)" Cape Verde,"$325,000,000 ","$296,000,000 ","($29,000,000)" Cayman Islands,"$70,000,000 ",,"($70,000,000)" Central African Republic,"$1,153,000,000 ",,"($1,153,000,000)" Chad,"$1,749,000,000 ","$868,000,000 ","($881,000,000)" Chile,"$84,510,000,000 ","$26,080,000,000 ","($58,430,000,000)" China,"$406,600,000,000 ","$2,622,000,000,000 ","$2,215,400,000,000 " Colombia,"$57,740,000,000 ","$28,500,000,000 ","($29,240,000,000)" Comoros,"$232,000,000 ",,"($232,000,000)" "Congo, Democratic Republic of the","$13,500,000,000 ","$1,010,000,000 ","($12,490,000,000)" "Congo, Republic of the","$5,000,000,000 ","$4,123,000,000 ","($877,000,000)" Cook Islands,"$141,000,000 ",,"($141,000,000)" Costa Rica,"$8,550,000,000 ","$4,584,000,000 ","($3,966,000,000)" Côte d'Ivoire,"$11,600,000,000 ","$3,985,000,000 ","($7,615,000,000)" Croatia,"$59,700,000,000 ","$13,790,000,000 ","($45,910,000,000)" Cuba,"$19,750,000,000 ","$4,847,000,000 ","($14,903,000,000)" ,,"$1,289,000,000 ","$1,289,000,000 " Czech Republic,"$86,790,000,000 ","$42,340,000,000 ","($44,450,000,000)" Denmark,"$559,500,000,000 ","$76,650,000,000 ","($482,850,000,000)" Djibouti,"$428,000,000 ",,"($428,000,000)" Dominica,"$213,000,000 ","$2,705,000,000 ","$2,492,000,000 " Dominican Republic,"$13,090,000,000 ",,"($13,090,000,000)" Ecuador,"$14,710,000,000 ","$3,590,000,000 ","($11,120,000,000)" Egypt,"$30,610,000,000 ","$35,720,000,000 ","$5,110,000,000 " El Salvador,"$11,450,000,000 ","$2,882,000,000 ","($8,568,000,000)" Equatorial Guinea,"$832,000,000 ","$4,086,000,000 ","$3,254,000,000 " Eritrea,"$961,900,000 ","$104,000,000 ","($857,900,000)" Estonia,"$25,130,000,000 ","$3,641,000,000 ","($21,489,000,000)" Ethiopia,"$4,289,000,000 ","$1,880,000,000 ","($2,409,000,000)" Faroe Islands,"$68,100,000 ",,"($68,100,000)" Fiji,"$127,000,000 ",,"($127,000,000)" Finland,"$370,800,000,000 ","$9,128,000,000 ","($361,672,000,000)" France,"$4,698,000,000,000 ","$133,100,000,000 ","($4,564,900,000,000)" Gabon,"$2,374,000,000 ","$2,602,000,000 ","$228,000,000 " "Gambia, The","$530,000,000 ","$203,000,000 ","($327,000,000)" Georgia,"$3,381,000,000 ","$2,350,000,000 ","($1,031,000,000)" Germany,"$4,713,000,000,000 ","$180,800,000,000 ","($4,532,200,000,000)" Ghana,"$6,483,000,000 ","$3,800,000,000 ","($2,683,000,000)" Greece,"$532,900,000,000 ","$5,546,000,000 ","($527,354,000,000)" Greenland,"$58,000,000 ",,"($58,000,000)" Grenada,"$347,000,000 ",,"($347,000,000)" Guatemala,"$17,470,000,000 ","$5,709,000,000 ","($11,761,000,000)" Guinea,"$3,072,000,000 ","$51,000,000 ","($3,021,000,000)" Guinea-Bissau,"$941,500,000 ","$506,000,000 ","($435,500,000)" Guyana,"$804,300,000 ",,"($804,300,000)" Haiti,"$350,000,000 ","$1,587,000,000 ","$1,237,000,000 " Honduras,"$3,540,000,000 ","$2,302,000,000 ","($1,238,000,000)" Hong Kong,"$750,800,000,000 ","$268,900,000,000 ","($481,900,000,000)" Hungary,"$148,400,000,000 ","$44,990,000,000 ","($103,410,000,000)" Iceland,"$3,073,000,000 ","$4,206,000,000 ","$1,133,000,000 " India,"$237,100,000,000 ","$284,100,000,000 ","$47,000,000,000 " Indonesia,"$196,100,000,000 ","$96,210,000,000 ","($99,890,000,000)" Iran,"$12,840,000,000 ","$75,060,000,000 ","$62,220,000,000 " Iraq,"$52,580,000,000 ","$45,680,000,000 ","($6,900,000,000)" Ireland,"$2,253,000,000,000 ","$2,104,000,000 ","($2,250,896,000,000)" Israel,"$89,680,000,000 ","$66,980,000,000 ","($22,700,000,000)" Italy,"$2,223,000,000,000 ","$132,800,000,000 ","($2,090,200,000,000)" Jamaica,"$12,660,000,000 ","$1,850,000,000 ","($10,810,000,000)" Japan,"$2,441,000,000,000 ","$1,096,000,000,000 ","($1,345,000,000,000)" Jordan,"$5,522,000,000 ","$12,640,000,000 ","$7,118,000,000 " Kazakhstan,"$94,440,000,000 ","$32,440,000,000 ","($62,000,000,000)" Kenya,"$7,935,000,000 ","$4,585,000,000 ","($3,350,000,000)" Kiribati,"$10,000,000 ",,"($10,000,000)" "Korea, North","$12,500,000,000 ",,"($12,500,000,000)" "Korea, South","$370,100,000,000 ","$274,600,000,000 ","($95,500,000,000)" Kuwait,"$56,810,000,000 ","$22,420,000,000 ","($34,390,000,000)" Kyrgyzstan,"$3,738,000,000 ","$1,615,000,000 ","($2,123,000,000)" Laos,"$5,797,000,000 ","$756,000,000 ","($5,041,000,000)" Latvia,"$37,280,000,000 ","$7,170,000,000 ","($30,110,000,000)" Lebanon,"$34,450,000,000 ","$41,570,000,000 ","$7,120,000,000 " Lesotho,"$647,000,000 ","$893,000,000 ","$246,000,000 " Liberia,"$3,200,000,000 ",,"($3,200,000,000)" Libya,"$6,378,000,000 ","$107,300,000,000 ","$100,922,000,000 " Liechtenstein,$0 ,,$0 Lithuania,"$27,600,000,000 ","$6,418,000,000 ","($21,182,000,000)" Luxembourg,"$1,892,000,000,000 ","$810,000,000 ","($1,891,190,000,000)" Macau,$0 ,"$23,730,000,000 ","$23,730,000,000 " Macedonia,"$5,485,000,000 ","$2,217,000,000 ","($3,268,000,000)" Madagascar,"$2,973,000,000 ","$1,038,000,000 ","($1,935,000,000)" Malawi,"$1,213,000,000 ","$301,000,000 ","($912,000,000)" Malaysia,"$72,600,000,000 ","$106,500,000,000 ","$33,900,000,000 " Maldives,"$943,000,000 ",,"($943,000,000)" Mali,"$2,800,000,000 ",,"($2,800,000,000)" Malta,"$5,978,000,000 ","$522,000,000 ","($5,456,000,000)" Marshall Islands,"$87,000,000 ",,"($87,000,000)" Mauritius,"$5,043,000,000 ","$2,360,000,000 ","($2,683,000,000)" Mexico,"$212,500,000,000 ","$116,400,000,000 ","($96,100,000,000)" "Micronesia, Federated States of","$60,800,000 ",,"($60,800,000)" Moldova,"$4,618,000,000 ","$1,710,000,000 ","($2,908,000,000)" Monaco,"$18,000,000,000 ",,"($18,000,000,000)" Mongolia,"$1,860,000,000 ",,"($1,860,000,000)" Montenegro,"$650,000,000 ",,"($650,000,000)" Montserrat,"$8,900,000 ",,"($8,900,000)" Morocco,"$22,690,000,000 ","$24,570,000,000 ","$1,880,000,000 " Mozambique,"$4,990,000,000 ","$1,982,000,000 ","($3,008,000,000)" Namibia,"$2,373,000,000 ","$1,961,000,000 ","($412,000,000)" Nauru,"$33,300,000 ",,"($33,300,000)" Nepal,"$4,500,000,000 ",,"($4,500,000,000)" Netherlands,"$3,733,000,000,000 ","$39,610,000,000 ","($3,693,390,000,000)" New Caledonia,"$79,000,000 ",,"($79,000,000)" New Zealand,"$64,330,000,000 ","$17,850,000,000 ","($46,480,000,000)" Nicaragua,"$4,030,000,000 ","$1,580,000,000 ","($2,450,000,000)" Niger,"$2,100,000,000 ",,"($2,100,000,000)" Nigeria,"$11,020,000,000 ","$43,360,000,000 ","$32,340,000,000 " Niue,"$418,000 ",,"($418,000)" Norway,"$2,232,000,000,000 ","$48,860,000,000 ","($2,183,140,000,000)" Oman,"$8,829,000,000 ","$14,000,000,000 ","$5,171,000,000 " Pakistan,"$57,210,000,000 ","$16,100,000,000 ","($41,110,000,000)" Palau,$0 ,,$0 Panama,"$13,850,000,000 ","$3,525,000,000 ","($10,325,000,000)" Papua New Guinea,"$1,548,000,000 ","$3,017,000,000 ","$1,469,000,000 " Paraguay,"$2,445,000,000 ","$4,130,000,000 ","$1,685,000,000 " Peru,"$33,290,000,000 ","$44,110,000,000 ","$10,820,000,000 " Philippines,"$59,770,000,000 ","$62,370,000,000 ","$2,600,000,000 " Poland,"$252,900,000,000 ","$99,760,000,000 ","($153,140,000,000)" Portugal,"$497,800,000,000 ","$16,030,000,000 ","($481,770,000,000)" Qatar,"$71,380,000,000 ","$22,410,000,000 ","($48,970,000,000)" Romania,"$108,900,000,000 ","$50,510,000,000 ","($58,390,000,000)" Russia,"$480,200,000,000 ","$483,100,000,000 ","$2,900,000,000 " ,,"$816,000,000 ","$816,000,000 " Saint Kitts and Nevis,"$314,000,000 ",,"($314,000,000)" Saint Lucia,"$257,000,000 ",,"($257,000,000)" Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,"$479,000,000 ",,"($479,000,000)" Samoa,"$177,000,000 ","$70,150,000 ","($106,850,000)" Sao Tome and Principe,"$318,000,000 ","$46,000,000 ","($272,000,000)" Saudi Arabia,"$82,920,000,000 ","$456,200,000,000 ","$373,280,000,000 " Senegal,"$3,885,000,000 ","$2,200,000,000 ","($1,685,000,000)" Serbia,"$30,900,000,000 ","$15,100,000,000 ","($15,800,000,000)" Seychelles,"$1,374,000,000 ","$193,000,000 ","($1,181,000,000)" Sierra Leone,"$1,610,000,000 ",,"($1,610,000,000)" Singapore,"$21,660,000,000 ","$225,800,000,000 ","$204,140,000,000 " Slovakia,"$59,330,000,000 ","$1,160,000,000 ","($58,170,000,000)" Slovenia,"$51,570,000,000 ","$1,080,000,000 ","($50,490,000,000)" Solomon Islands,"$166,000,000 ",,"($166,000,000)" Somalia,"$3,000,000,000 ",,"($3,000,000,000)" South Africa,"$80,520,000,000 ","$45,520,000,000 ","($35,000,000,000)" Spain,"$2,166,000,000,000 ","$28,200,000,000 ","($2,137,800,000,000)" Sri Lanka,"$17,970,000,000 ","$5,630,000,000 ","($12,340,000,000)" Sudan,"$37,980,000,000 ","$2,063,000,000 ","($35,917,000,000)" Suriname,"$504,300,000 ","$263,300,000 ","($241,000,000)" Swaziland,"$497,000,000 ","$708,000,000 ","$211,000,000 " Sweden,"$853,300,000,000 ","$47,290,000,000 ","($806,010,000,000)" Switzerland,"$1,200,000,000,000 ","$236,600,000,000 ","($963,400,000,000)" Syria,"$7,682,000,000 ","$17,960,000,000 ","$10,278,000,000 " Taiwan,"$91,410,000,000 ","$387,200,000,000 ","$295,790,000,000 " Tajikistan,"$1,997,000,000 ","$303,000,000 ","($1,694,000,000)" Tanzania,"$7,576,000,000 ","$3,687,000,000 ","($3,889,000,000)" Thailand,"$82,500,000,000 ","$176,100,000,000 ","$93,600,000,000 " Togo,"$1,573,000,000 ","$686,000,000 ","($887,000,000)" Tonga,"$80,700,000 ","$40,830,000 ","($39,870,000)" Trinidad and Tobago,"$4,303,000,000 ","$9,659,000,000 ","$5,356,000,000 " Tunisia,"$18,760,000,000 ","$11,230,000,000 ","($7,530,000,000)" Turkey,"$270,700,000,000 ","$78,000,000,000 ","($192,700,000,000)" Turkmenistan,"$5,000,000,000 ","$10,810,000,000 ","$5,810,000,000 " Uganda,"$2,888,000,000 ","$3,743,000,000 ","$855,000,000 " Ukraine,"$97,500,000,000 ","$32,910,000,000 ","($64,590,000,000)" United Arab Emirates,"$122,700,000,000 ","$39,100,000,000 ","($83,600,000,000)" United Kingdom,"$8,981,000,000,000 ","$66,720,000,000 ","($8,914,280,000,000)" United States,"$13,980,000,000,000 ","$130,800,000,000 ","($13,849,200,000,000)" Uruguay,"$13,390,000,000 ","$7,700,000,000 ","($5,690,000,000)" Uzbekistan,"$4,236,000,000 ","$10,500,000,000 ","$6,264,000,000 " Vanuatu,"$81,200,000 ","$40,540,000 ","($40,660,000)" Venezuela,"$55,610,000,000 ","$29,490,000,000 ","($26,120,000,000)" Vietnam,"$33,450,000,000 ","$13,000,000,000 ","($20,450,000,000)" Wallis and Futuna,"$3,670,000 ",,"($3,670,000)" West Bank,"$1,040,000,000 ",,"($1,040,000,000)" Yemen,"$7,147,000,000 ","$5,744,000,000 ","($1,403,000,000)" Zambia,"$3,495,000,000 ","$2,287,000,000 ","($1,208,000,000)" Zimbabwe,"$7,662,000,000 ","$376,000,000 ","($7,286,000,000)"

United States Military expenditures, in constant (2009) US$ m., 1988-2010. Figures are in US $m., at constant 2009 prices and exchange rates, except for the last figure, which is in US$m. at 2010 prices and exchange rates. "SIPRI Military Expenditure Database 2011, http://milexdata.sipri.org" Year,1988,1989,1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,total USA,531691,526271,502749,441561,466560,442029,415106,392601,371250,369315,360995,361885,375893,378925,425471,484255,527799,552966,561555,576294,618940,668604,687105,11039820

Mapping[edit]

I use GunnMap to create world maps. Aaaarg provides an excellent tutorial demo. --Peace01234 (talk) 22:41, 20 August 2010 (UTC)

Great Map![edit]

Thanks very much for creating the map you added to Balance of payments. FeydHuxtable (talk) 16:39, 19 August 2010 (UTC)

You're very welcome FeydHuxtable. Balance of payments and fiscal imbalances influence economic policies worldwide; so, I hope this map helps inform people. --Peace01234 (talk) 22:58, 20 August 2010 (UTC)
Regarding this map, I want to add that my intention in adding this information to Wikipedia is not to accentuate the indebtedness of states in the OECD to private banks, nor to accentuate the relative difference in financial options and increased geopolitical power of China relative to states in the OECD. My intention is to reduce potential volatility and turbulence in the financial system by informing the general public of broad financial dynamics because these dynamics may adversely impact the welfare, security and stability-of-life for unrepresented and underrepresented populations as well as for everyone in society. I believe knowledge is power and broadly dispersed knowledge increases opportunities for peaceful incremental change as opposed to violent, volatile disruptions to the economic and geopolitical environment.
On a related issue, unfortunately, the publishing of this map and the dissemination of this particular knowledge related to debt may be used in the current, 2011, debate in the United States regarding debt reduction. Unfortunately, a singular focus on debt is being used to justify reduced funding for social welfare programs and reduced maintenance of aging infrastructure such as bridges and highways. And yet, this singular focus on debt is not similarly leading to calls for reduced military spending which comprises a relatively larger portion of the United States' discretionary budget than do social welfare programs. Personally, I regret the possible use of this map to undermine small budget items that benefit many people while ignoring large ticket items that benefit mainly the military sector of the economy. More jobs and long term benefits are created through these smaller programs than are created through spending on military items that are either destroyed, become obsolete or are decommissioned after a few decades of non-use. Focusing on national infrastructure instead of external military interventions guards states' interests and increases true indicators of GDP such as the Genuine progress indicator (GPI) and Human development index (HDI). Long-term perspectives that build alliances instead of relying on the temporary use of force avert blowback and reprisals that often undermine states' interests, reputations, economies and general progress.
This map accentuates debt levels and thus a singular, fixated attention on debt reduction at this moment in history may be an unintended consequence of the publication of this map and dissemination of this information — even during a financial crisis when many pragmatic economists are calling for temporary Keynesian type outlays to boost the economy. I agree with most economists that now is a time to avert increased market volatility and a major disruption to the world economic system and I believe Keynesian type temporary outlays are the best option for now. We can focus on the debt when the United States and world economies have stabilized. I am a fiscal conservative who is concerned with the United States' debt, but I am a pragmatist who believes that market volatility and turbulence is extremely detrimental to most people. I also am aware that during economic crises, individuals and institutions with excess wealth benefit the most and the resulting redistribution of wealth increases economic inequality while also increasing the monopolization of many private sector industries. These characteristics — Unequal economic opportunity for entrepreneurs and for everyone; economic inequality generally; monopolization of industries; volatility of markets, interest rates, wages, and unemployment — are market characteristics that I believe hinder the progress of all of society. --Peace01234 (talk) 11:40, 20 July 2011 (UTC)

Palestine map[edit]

Hi! I used a text editor (Notepad) to edit File:BlankMap-World6.svg. The file description includes the instructions... although at first is not really easy because it uses CSS and ISO codes, it is really cool! --B1mbo (talk) 13:27, 30 November 2012 (UTC)

Thanks[edit]

Thanks for your edits on Murder of Hae Min Lee! Good work. —Grand'mere Eugene (talk) 17:15, 19 May 2015 (UTC)

ArbCom elections are now open![edit]

Hi,
You appear to be eligible to vote in the current Arbitration Committee election. The Arbitration Committee is the panel of editors responsible for conducting the Wikipedia arbitration process. It has the authority to enact binding solutions for disputes between editors, primarily related to serious behavioural issues that the community has been unable to resolve. This includes the ability to impose site bans, topic bans, editing restrictions, and other measures needed to maintain our editing environment. The arbitration policy describes the Committee's roles and responsibilities in greater detail. If you wish to participate, you are welcome to review the candidates' statements and submit your choices on the voting page. For the Election committee, MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 13:55, 23 November 2015 (UTC)

I appreciate the invitation to participate, but I saw this message too late to participate. Thanks. Peace01234 (talk) 18:50, 30 October 2016 (UTC)

ArbCom Elections 2016: Voting now open![edit]

Scale of justice 2.svgHello, Peace01234. Voting in the 2016 Arbitration Committee elections is open from Monday, 00:00, 21 November through Sunday, 23:59, 4 December to all unblocked users who have registered an account before Wednesday, 00:00, 28 October 2016 and have made at least 150 mainspace edits before Sunday, 00:00, 1 November 2016.

The Arbitration Committee is the panel of editors responsible for conducting the Wikipedia arbitration process. It has the authority to impose binding solutions to disputes between editors, primarily for serious conduct disputes the community has been unable to resolve. This includes the authority to impose site bans, topic bans, editing restrictions, and other measures needed to maintain our editing environment. The arbitration policy describes the Committee's roles and responsibilities in greater detail.

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I appreciate the invitation to participate, but, as last year, I saw this message too late to participate. Thanks. Peace01234 (talk) 18:50, 18 January 2017 (UTC)

ArbCom 2017 election voter message[edit]

Scale of justice 2.svgHello, Peace01234. Voting in the 2017 Arbitration Committee elections is now open until 23.59 on Sunday, 10 December. All users who registered an account before Saturday, 28 October 2017, made at least 150 mainspace edits before Wednesday, 1 November 2017 and are not currently blocked are eligible to vote. Users with alternate accounts may only vote once.

The Arbitration Committee is the panel of editors responsible for conducting the Wikipedia arbitration process. It has the authority to impose binding solutions to disputes between editors, primarily for serious conduct disputes the community has been unable to resolve. This includes the authority to impose site bans, topic bans, editing restrictions, and other measures needed to maintain our editing environment. The arbitration policy describes the Committee's roles and responsibilities in greater detail.

If you wish to participate in the 2017 election, please review the candidates and submit your choices on the voting page. MediaWiki message delivery (talk) 18:42, 3 December 2017 (UTC)