User talk:Superyusufa

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{{Infobox language |name= Puntland Arabic |states=Puntland and Yemen |speakers= 1950,000 |date=2009 |ref=e17 |familycolor=Afro-Asiatic |fam2=Semitic |fam3=Central Semitic |fam4=Arabic |fam5=Peninsular |script=Arabic alphabet

Puntland Arabic is a cluster of Arabic spoken in Puntland, Yemen[1][2] and Djibouti.[3] It is generally considered a very conservative dialect cluster, as it has many classical features not found across most of the Arabic speaking world.

Non-Arabic languages indigenous to the region include several languages such as the Mehri and Soqotri language. These languages are not necessarily Arabic languages but members of an independent branch of the Semitic family. Another separate Semitic family once spoken in the region is Old South Arabian; these went extinct in the pre-Islamic period. Some of these share areal features with Yemeni Arabic due to influence from or on Yemeni Arabic.

Transliteration[edit]

Below is a table showing the transliteration system of some consonants together with their IPA values (Note that some phonetic symbols may not appear in some versions of web browser):

Arabic Transliteration IPA transcription
ث θ
ذ ð
ظ đ̣ or ð̣ ðˤ
ص
ط
ض
ء ʾ ʔ
ع ʿ ʕ
غ ġ ʁ
خ x χ
ج palatal stop: j/ɟ ɟ
ج velar stop: g ɡ
ج affricate: j/ǧ
ج yodized: y j
ش š ʃ
ي y j

Alula Arabic dialect[edit]

Phonology[edit]

The Alula dialect is distinguished among Yemeni dialects by its use of the [ɡ] sound in the place of the classical Arabic /q/ (ق qāf ), as well as its preservation of the classical Arabic palatal pronunciation of /ɟ/ (ج ǧim ).

Morphology[edit]

Along with these phonological similarities to other dialects, Alula Arabic also has several unique features. It uses the classical in the meaning of "what", as well as in negations. Unlike the classical usage, this is used without distinction in verbal and nominal sentences alike. Alula Arabic represents the future aspect with a complex array of prefixes, depending on the person of the verb. For first-person verbs the prefix (ša-) or (‘ad) is used. The derivation of (ša-) is apparently related to the classical (sa-), and (‘ad) is likely an abbreviation of (ba‘d), meaning "after". For all other persons in San'a proper the simple prefix (‘a-) is used, although many of the villages around San'a extend the use of (ša-) for all persons.

Syntax[edit]

Alula syntax differs from other Arabic dialects in a number of ways. It is one of few remaining Arabic dialects to retain the mā af‘al exclamatory sentence type with the meaning "how (adjective)". For instance, mā ajmal, is used to mean "how beautiful", from the adjective jamīl, meaning "beautiful"; a construction it shares with Libyan Arabic and Levantine Arabic.

Vocabulary[edit]

The Alula vocabulary is also very distinct and conservative. The classical verb sāra, yasīr is retained with the meaning of "to go" (similar to Moroccan). Shalla, yashill is used to mean "to take/get".Cite error: A <ref> tag is missing the closing </ref> (see the help page). || مطبخ maṭbax |- | saykal || Bicycle || Hindi: साइकिल sāikil || دراجة هوائية darrajah hawāʾiyyah |- |}

Superyusufa, you are invited to the Teahouse[edit]

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Hi Superyusufa! Thanks for contributing to Wikipedia.
Be our guest at the Teahouse! The Teahouse is a friendly space where new editors can ask questions about contributing to Wikipedia and get help from peers and experienced editors. I hope to see you there! SarahStierch (I'm a Teahouse host)

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June 2014[edit]

Hello, I'm BracketBot. I have automatically detected that your edit to Puntland may have broken the syntax by modifying 2 "[]"s. If you have, don't worry: just edit the page again to fix it. If I misunderstood what happened, or if you have any questions, you can leave a message on my operator's talk page.

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  • Sanaag|Badhan]], [[Bosaso]], [[Dubai]] and [[London]]. The website features articles written in [[Arabic language|Arabic. In addition, the website hosts some audio, though the latter is not

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Hello, I'm BracketBot. I have automatically detected that your edit to Puntland may have broken the syntax by modifying 1 "<>"s. If you have, don't worry: just edit the page again to fix it. If I misunderstood what happened, or if you have any questions, you can leave a message on my operator's talk page.

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  • Sanaag|Badhan]], [[Bosaso]], [[Dubai]] and [[London]]. The website features articles written in [[Arabic language|Arabic. In addition, the website hosts some audio, though the latter is not

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Information icon Hello, I'm Gyrofrog. I noticed that you made a change to an article, Osman Mahmoud, but you didn't provide a reliable source. It's been removed and archived in the page history for now, but if you'd like to include a citation and re-add it, please do so! If you need guidance on referencing, please see the referencing for beginners tutorial, or if you think I made a mistake, you can leave me a message on my talk page. Thank you. Gyrofrog (talk) 14:15, 25 June 2014 (UTC)

Information icon Thank you for your contributions. Please mark your edits, such as your recent edits to Abdirahman bin Isma'il al-Jabarti, as "minor" only if they are minor edits. In accordance with Help:Minor edit, a minor edit is one that the editor believes requires no review and could never be the subject of a dispute. Minor edits consist of things such as typographical corrections, formatting changes or rearrangement of text without modification of content. Additionally, the reversion of clear-cut vandalism and test edits may be labeled "minor". Thank you. Gyrofrog (talk) 14:16, 25 June 2014 (UTC)