Ust-Maya

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Ust-Maya
Усть-Мая (Russian)
Уус Маайа (Yakut)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Ust-Maya is located in Sakha Republic
Ust-Maya
Ust-Maya
Location of Ust-Maya in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 60°25′N 134°33′E / 60.417°N 134.550°E / 60.417; 134.550Coordinates: 60°25′N 134°33′E / 60.417°N 134.550°E / 60.417; 134.550
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[2]
Administrative district Ust-Maysky District[2]
Settlement Ust-Maya[2]
Administrative center of Settlement of Ust-Maya[2]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Ust-Maysky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Ust-Maya Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Ust-Maya Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 2,923 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Founded 1930[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1957[2]
Postal code(s)[6] 678620, 678629
Ust-Maya population
2010 Census 2,923[4]
2002 Census 3,165[7]
1989 Census 3,514[8]
1979 Census 2,990[9]

Ust-Maya (Russian: Усть-Ма́я; Sakha: Уус Маайа) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Ust-Maysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the north bank of the Aldan River opposite the mouth of the Maya River, southeast of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,293.[4]

History[edit]

Ust-Maya was founded in 1930 as a base for gold mining activities on the Allakh-Yun and Yudoma Rivers to the east.[citation needed] It became the administrative center of the newly created Ust-Maysky District in 1931.[citation needed] During World War II, an airfield was built here for the Alaska-Siberian air route used to ferry American Lend-Lease aircraft to the Eastern Front.[10] In 1957, Ust-Maya was granted urban-type settlement status.[2] In 1972, the administrative center of the district was moved to Solnechny, where it remained until 1992, when it was moved back to Ust-Maya.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Ust-Maya[1] serves as the administrative center of Ust-Maysky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality (the selo of Ust-Yudoma), incorporated within Ust-Maysky District as the Settlement of Ust-Maya.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Ust-Maya is incorporated within Ust-Maysky Municipal District as Ust-Maya Urban Settlement.[3]

Transportation[edit]

There are no year-round roads connecting Ust-Maya with outside world; however, winter roads connect it to Eldikan and Amga.

The Ust-Maya Airport (IATA: UMS) is located in the selo of Petropavlovsk, 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) to the southeast.

Climate[edit]

Ust-Maya has an extreme subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfd). Winters are extremely cold with average temperatures from −43.0 to −35.3 °C (−45.4 to −31.5 °F) in January, while summers are warm with average temperatures from +12.1 to +25.4 °C (53.8 to 77.7 °F). Precipitation is quite low and is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Ust-Maya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
8.9
(48)
17.8
(64)
29.7
(85.5)
35.3
(95.5)
36.3
(97.3)
34.6
(94.3)
26.2
(79.2)
15.6
(60.1)
4.0
(39.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
36.3
(97.3)
Average high °C (°F) −35.3
(−31.5)
−27
(−17)
−10.3
(13.5)
3.4
(38.1)
14.3
(57.7)
23.2
(73.8)
25.4
(77.7)
21.7
(71.1)
12.4
(54.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −39.6
(−39.3)
−33.9
(−29)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
7.7
(45.9)
15.9
(60.6)
18.5
(65.3)
14.6
(58.3)
6.3
(43.3)
−7.2
(19)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−38.6
(−37.5)
−8.9
(16)
Average low °C (°F) −43
(−45)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−11
(12)
1.4
(34.5)
9.1
(48.4)
12.1
(53.8)
8.4
(47.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−11
(12)
−30.7
(−23.3)
−41.7
(−43.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
Record low °C (°F) −60.2
(−76.4)
−60
(−76)
−54.1
(−65.4)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−5.4
(22.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−7.2
(19)
−17
(1)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−54.4
(−65.9)
−59.4
(−74.9)
−60.2
(−76.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
8
(0.31)
7
(0.28)
12
(0.47)
28
(1.1)
39
(1.54)
50
(1.97)
51
(2.01)
40
(1.57)
25
(0.98)
20
(0.79)
12
(0.47)
303
(11.93)
Average rainy days 0 0 0.1 3 13 14 14 14 14 4 0.1 0 76
Average snowy days 23 20 13 6 1 0 0 0 1 18 24 22 128
Average relative humidity (%) 77 77 71 62 57 62 68 73 75 80 81 78 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 40 124 229 256 283 313 320 245 153 95 75 21 2,154
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[11]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[12]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Ust-Maya is the administrative center of the Settlement of Ust-Maya.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  10. ^ Igor Lebedev. Aviation Lend-Lease to Russia. Nova Publishers, 1997, pp. 44–49
  11. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Ust-May" (in Russian). Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Climate Normals for Ust-Maja". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Ust-Maysky District. (in Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).