Ustad Ahmad Lahori

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Ahmad Lahori

Ustad Ahmad Lahori was a Mughal architect who is said to be the chief architect of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India, built between 1632 and 1648 during the ruling period of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Its architecture, being a combination of Indo-Islamic and Mughal architectural styles, is widely praised around the world and Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the Wonders of the World.


Ahmad Lahori is believed to have been the main architect of the Taj Mahal.

Ustad Ahmad likely hailed from Lahore.[1][2][3]

Shah Jahan's court histories emphasize his personal involvement in the construction and it is true that, more than any other Mughal emperor, he showed the greatest interest in building new magnificent buildings, holding daily meetings with his architects and supervisors. The court chronicler Lahori, writes that Shah Jahan would make "appropriate alterations to whatever the skillful architects had designed after considerable thought and would ask the architects competent questions."[4]

In writings by Lahori's son, Lutfullah Muhandis, two architects are mentioned by name; Ustad Ahmad Lahori[5][6] and Mir Abd-ul Karim.[7] Ustad Ahmad Lahori had laid the foundations of the Red Fort at Delhi (built between 1638 and 1648). Mir Abd-ul Karim had been the favourite architect of the previous emperor Jahangir and is mentioned as a supervisor, together with Makramat Khan,[7] for the construction of the Taj Mahal.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hugh Honour, John Fleming (2005). A World History of Art. Laurence King Publishing. p. 541. ISBN 978-1856694513. a Persian who later ....CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Janin, Hunt (2006). The Pursuit of Learning in the Islamic World, 610-2003. p. 124. ISBN 978-0786429042. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  3. ^ Indian Journal of History of Science, Volume 44, Issues 1-3. National Institute of Sciences of India. 2009.
  4. ^ Koch, p.89
  5. ^ Taj Mahal Description and Profile (Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor} website, Retrieved 17 November 2021
  6. ^ Begley and Desai (1989), p.65
  7. ^ a b Asher, p.212
  8. ^ Dunkeld, Malcolm (Ed) (August 2006). "Construction history society newsletter" (PDF). Chartered Institute of Building website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)