Ustad Ahmad Lahauri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ahmad Lahori
Born Badakshan
Died India
Occupation Architect
Buildings Taj Mahal

Ustad Ahmad Lahauri (Persian: استاد احمد لاهوری‎‎) was a Persian architect.[1][2][3] He was chief architect of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. built between 1632 and 1648. He has been described as an architect in the court of Shah Jahan.

Early life[edit]

He was a Persian from Badakhshan in modern-day Afghanistan.[4] The assertion is based on a claim made in writings by Lahauri's son Lutfullah Muhandis.[5][6][7] His father, Shaikh Hamid Siddiqui, emigrated from Khujand, modern Tajikistan, and settled in Lahore.[8] This gave way for the eventual adopted surname Lahauri of his son.[8]


Ahmad Lahauri is believed to be Principal architect of The Taj Mahal.

Shah Jahan's court histories emphasise his personal involvement in the construction and it is true that, more than any other Mughal emperor, he showed the greatest interest in building, holding daily meetings with his architects and supervisors. The court chronicler Lahouri, writes that Shah Jahan would make "appropriate alterations to whatever the skilful architects designed after many thoughts, and asked competent questions."[9]

In writings by Lahauri's son Lutfullah Muhandis, two architects are mentioned by name; Ustad Ahmad Lahauri[10][11] and Mir Abd-ul Karim.[6] Ustad Ahmad Lahauri had laid the foundations of the Red Fort at Delhi (built between 1638 and 1648). Mir Abd-ul Karim had been the favourite architect of the previous emperor Jahangir and is mentioned as a supervisor, together with Makramat Khan,[6] for the construction of the Taj Mahal.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ... The Persian architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer of the Taj Mahal.
  2. ^ ... Ustad Ahmad Lahauri (Persian architect, 17th century) ...
  3. ^ Nationality:Persian
  4. ^ Janin, Hunt (2006). The Pursuit of Learning in the Islamic World, 610-2003. McFarland, Jefferson, NC, USA. ISBN 0-7864-2904-6. pp. 124.
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c Asher, p.212
  7. ^ Begley and Desai, p.65
  8. ^ a b Nabi Hadi Dictionary of Indo-Persian Literature pp 48. Abhinav Publications, 1995 ISBN 8170173116
  9. ^ Koch, p.89
  10. ^ UNESCO advisory body evaluation
  11. ^ Begley and Desai (1989), p.65
  12. ^ Dunkeld, Malcolm (Ed) (June 2007). "Construction history society newsletter" (PDF). Chartered Institute of Building. Retrieved 2007-07-23.