Ustyurt Plateau

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The Ustyurt Plateau is a transboundary clay desert shared by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. It is located between the Mangyshlak Peninsula, Kara-Bogaz-Gol Depression, Aral Sea, and Amudarya Delta.[1]

It extends roughly 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi), with an average altitude of 150 m (490 ft). Its highest point rises to 370 m (1,200 ft) in the south-west. Its name is also spelled Ust-Yurt, Ust-Urt and Usturt (Kazakh: Үстірт, Ústirt; Turkmen: Üstyurt).[2] At its edges it drops steeply to the Aral Sea and the surrounding plain. Oil and natural-gas deposits lie west of the plateau.[citation needed] Asiatic cheetah and Caspian tiger used to live there.[citation needed]

The plateau's semi-nomadic human population raises sheep, goats, and camels.

Kazakhstan created the Ustyurt Nature Reserve (223,300 hectares) in July, 1984 in the south of Mangystausky district in Eralievsky region.[3] It preserves rare fauna and flora such as the Ustyurt Mountain sheep and the Saiga antelope.[4] Among its features are Sherkala Mountain and the concretions found in the Torysh ('Valley of Balls') near the town of Shetpe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gritsina, M. (2019). "The Caracal Caracal caracal Schreber, 1776 (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Uzbekistan". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11 (4): 13470–13477. doi:10.11609/jott.4375.11.4.13470-13477.
  2. ^ "The Ustyurt Plateau" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Ustyurtsky state natural reserve". Welcome to Kazakhstan. Silk Tour agency. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Ustyurt Nature Reserve, Kazakhstan". Advantour. Retrieved 16 August 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°17′N 55°33′E / 43.283°N 55.550°E / 43.283; 55.550