Utica, New York
|Utica, New York|
|City of Utica|
|Nickname(s): The Handshake City, Sin City, The City that God Forgot, Elm Tree City|
Location in Oneida County and New York
|Land grant (village)||January 2, 1734|
|Incorporated (village)||April 3, 1798|
|Incorporated (city)||February 13, 1832|
|• Mayor||Robert M. Palmieri (D)|
|• City||43.0 km2 (16.6 sq mi)|
|• Land||42.3 km2 (16.3 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.7 km2 (0.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||139 m (456 ft)|
|• Estimate (2014)||61,332|
|• Density||1,471.3/km2 (3,818.1/sq mi)|
|• Urban||117,328 (U.S.: 268th)|
|• Metro||296,615 (U.S.: 163rd)[a]|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||13501-13505, 13599|
|GNIS feature ID||0968324|
Utica (pronounced i//) is a city in the Mohawk Valley and the county seat of Oneida County, New York, United States. The tenth-most-populous city in New York, its population was 62,235 in the 2010 U.S. census. On the Mohawk River at the foot of the Adirondack Mountains, Utica is approximately 90 miles (145 km) northwest of Albany and 45 miles (72 km) east of Syracuse. Although Utica and the neighboring city of Rome have their own metropolitan area, the cities are also represented and influenced by the commercial, educational and cultural characteristics of the Capital District and Syracuse metropolitan areas.
Formerly a river settlement inhabited by the Mohawk tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy, Utica's immigrants strengthened its position as a layover city between Albany and Syracuse on the Erie and Chenango Canals and the New York Central Railroad. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the city's infrastructure contributed to its success as a manufacturing center and defined its role as a worldwide hub of the textile industry. Utica's 20th-century political corruption and organized crime gave it the nicknames "Sin City" and, later, "the city that God forgot."
Similar to other Rust Belt cities, Utica's economic downturn has challenged it to recover from population loss to nearby suburbs, industrial decline due to globalization and poverty associated with socioeconomic stress and political problems. With its low cost of living, the city has become a melting pot for refugees from war-torn countries around the world (encouraging growth for its colleges and universities, cultural institutions and economy).
According to the 2010 census, the Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) had 299,397 people in Oneida and Herkimer counties; the counties in the Mohawk Valley have a combined population of 622,133.[b] In 2014, Utica's population was estimated at 61,332.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Law, government and politics
- 6 Culture
- 7 Sports
- 8 Parks and recreation
- 9 Education
- 10 Media
- 11 Infrastructure
- 12 Notable residents
- 13 See also
- 14 Notes
- 15 References
- 16 Bibliography
- 17 Further reading
- 18 External links
Utica (a village originally inhabited by the Mohawk people of the Iroquois Confederacy) was established on the site of Old Fort Schuyler, built in 1758 during the French and Indian War. The land housing the fort was part of a 20,000-acre (80.94 km²) portion of marshland granted by King George II to New York governor William Cosby on January 2, 1734. Since the fort was located near several trails (including the Great Indian Warpath), its position—on a bend at a shallow portion of the Mohawk River—made it an important fording point. The Mohawks called the bend Unundadages ("around the hill"), and the Mohawk word appears on the city's seal.
During the American Revolution, border raids from British-allied Iroqouis tribes were used as an excuse to allow Rangers to enter Central New York and displace the Iroquois from their settlements. The destruction of these villages and settlements allowed the arrival of settlers from New England.
In 1794 a state road, Genesee Road, was built from Utica west to the Genesee River. That year a contract was awarded to the Mohawk Turnpike and Bridge Company to extend the road northeast to Albany, and in 1798 (the year the village was named and incorporated) it was extended. The Seneca Turnpike was key to Utica's development, replacing a worn footpath with a paved road. The village became a rest area on the Mohawk for goods and people moving through Western New York and the Great Lakes.
Several theories exist about the etymology of the village's name. Although surveyor Robert Harpur claimed that he named the village "Utica", the most accepted theory involves a 1798 meeting at Bagg's Tavern (a resting place for travelers passing through the village) where the name was picked from a hat with thirteen suggestions. With the village's name chosen, its boundaries were defined in an act passed by the New York State Legislature on April 3, 1798.
Utica expanded its borders in subsequent 1805 and 1817 charters. On April 5, 1805 the village's eastern and western boundaries were expanded, and on April 7, 1817 Utica separated from Whitestown on its west. The city's municipal charter was passed by the state legislature on February 13, 1832. Its growth during the 19th century is indicated by the increase in its population; the United States Census ranked Utica as the 29th-largest in the country (with 20,000 residents) in 1845, more than the populations of Chicago, Detroit and Cleveland.
Its location on the Erie and Chenango canals encouraged industrial development, allowing the transport of anthracite from northeastern Pennsylvania for local manufacturing and distribution. Utica's economy centered around the manufacture of furniture, heavy machinery, textiles and lumber. The combined effects of the Embargo Act of 1807 and local investment enabled further expansion of the textile industry.
In addition to the canals, transport in Utica was bolstered by railroads running through the city. The first was the Mohawk and Hudson River Railroad, which became the Utica and Schenectady Railroad in 1833. Its 78-mile (126 km) connection between Schenectady and Utica was developed in 1836 from the right-of-way previously used by the Mohawk and Hudson River. Later lines, such as the Syracuse and Utica Railroad, would merge with the Utica and Schenectady to form the New York Central Railroad, a 20th-century forest railway in the Adirondacks.
With over 650 fugitive slaves during the 1850s, Utica played a major role in the Underground Railroad; the city was on a slave escape route from the Southern Tier to Canada by way of Albany, Syracuse and Rochester. The route, used by Harriet Tubman to travel to Buffalo, allowed slaves to pass through Utica on the New York Central Railroad right-of-way en route to Canada. Utica was the locus for Methodist preacher Orange Scott's antislavery sermons during the 1830s and 1840s, and Scott formed an abolitionist group there in 1843. Despite efforts by local abolitionists, pro-slavery riots and mobs forced many abolitionist meetings to other cities.
The early 20th century brought rail advances to Utica, with the New York Central electrifying 49 miles (79 km) of track from the city to Syracuse in 1907 for its West Shore interurban line. In 1902, the Utica and Mohawk Valley Railway connected Rome to Little Falls with a 37.5-mile (60.4 km) electrified line through Utica.
At the time, Utica was known as "Sin City" because of the extent of its corruption at the hands of the Democratic Party political machine. During the late 1920s, trucker Rufus Elefante rose to power although he never ran for office. Originally a Republican, Elefante's power was enhanced by support from New York governor Franklin D. Roosevelt. Until the 1980s, the city had an organized crime presence.
Utica, heavily affected by the deindustrialization also affecting other Rust Belt cities, experienced a major reduction in manufacturing activity during the second half of the 20th century. The 1954 opening of the New York State Thruway (which bypassed the city) and declines in activity on the Erie Canal and railroads throughout the United States also contributed to a poor local economy. During the 1980s and 1990s, major employers such as General Electric and Lockheed Martin began to close plants in Utica and Syracuse.
With city jobs moving to the towns and villages around Utica, suburbanization allowed the expansion of the nearby town of New Hartford and the village of Whitesboro. Utica's population fell, reflecting a statewide trend of decreasing urban populations outside New York City.
Despite the city's economic decline it has benefited from a low cost of living, attracting immigrants and refugees from around the world. In 2010 Utica, the focus of local, regional and statewide economic-revitalization efforts, developed its first comprehensive master plan in more than a half-century.
According to the United States Census Bureau Utica has a total area of 16.6 square miles (43 km2), of which 16.4 square miles (42 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (1.57 percent) water. The city is located at New York's geographic center, adjacent to the western border of Herkimer County, New York and at the southwestern base of the Adirondack Mountains. Utica and its suburbs are bound by the Allegheny Plateau in the south and the Adirondack Mountains in the north, and the city is 456 feet (139 m) above sea level.
The city's Mohawk name refers to its elevated position as seen from the Deerfield Hills in the north. The Erie Canal and Mohawk River pass through northern Utica; northwest of downtown is the Utica Marsh, a group of cattail wetlands between the Erie Canal and Mohawk River (partially in the town of Marcy) with a variety of animals, plants and birds. During the 1850s, plank roads were built through the marshland surrounding the city. Utica's suburbs have more hills and cliffs than the city, and its position (where the Mohawk Valley forms a wide plain) gives much of the city a sloping, flat topography.
Utica's architecture features many qualities also defining Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, including Greek Revival, Italianate, French Renaissance, Gothic Revival and Neoclassical styles. The modernist 1972 Utica State Office Building, at 17 floors and 227 feet, is the city's tallest.
With no master plan for the city, early settlers and property owners contributed to its layout and many families and individuals are remembered in street names. Streets laid out when Utica was a village had more irregularities than those built later in the 19th and 20th centuries. As a result of the city's location (adjacent to the Mohawk), it is offset; not all streets run north-south or east-west. Remnants of Utica's early electric-rail systems can be seen in the West and South neighborhoods, where they ran on the streets.
Utica's neighborhoods have historically been defined by their residents, allowing them to develop their own individuality. Racial and ethnic groups, social and economic separation and the development of infrastructure and new means of transportation have shaped neighborhoods, with groups shifting between them as a result.
West Utica (or the West Side) was historically home to German and Irish immigrants, and the Corn Hill neighborhood in the city center had a significant Polish and Jewish population. East Utica (or the East Side) is a cultural and political center dominated by Italian immigrants. North of downtown is the Triangle neighborhood, home to the city's African American and Jewish populations. Neighborhoods formerly dominated by one or more groups saw other groups arrive, such as Bosnians and Latin Americans in former Italian neighborhoods and the Welsh in Corn Hill. Bagg Commemorative Park and Bagg's Square West (Utica's historic centers) are in the northeastern portion of downtown, with Genesee Street on the west and Oriskany Street on the south.
|Utica, New York|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Utica has a continental climate with four distinct seasons and is in the humid continental climate (or warm-summer climate: Köppen Dfb) zone, characterized by cold winters and temperate summers. Summer daytime temperatures range from 70–82 °F (21-28 °C), with an average winter daytime temperature below -3 °C (27 °F). The city is in USDA plant hardiness zone 5a, and native vegetation can tolerate temperatures from -10 °F to -20 F (-28.9 °C to -26.1 °C).
Summer high temperatures are generally between 75 °F (24 °C) and 85 °F (29 °C), with days below 70 °F (21 °C) common. On summer nights, the temperature generally drops to 50–60 °F (10–16 °C).
Winters are cold and snowy, due to lake-effect snow from Lakes Erie and Ontario. Utica is colder on average than other Great Lakes cities, due to its location in a valley and susceptibility to north winds; temperatures in the single numbers or below zero Fahrenheit are not uncommon on winter nights. The city's record low temperature was -28 °F (-33 °C), recorded February 18, 1979 and January 12, 1981. Its record high was 100 °F (38 °C), recorded on July 19, 1953. Annual precipitation (based on a 30-year average from 1981–2010) is 42.1 inches (1,069 mm), falling on an average of 171 days.
|Climate data for Utica (Rome, New York), (1981–2010 normals[c], extremes 1967–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||66
|Average high °F (°C)||29.0
|Average low °F (°C)||12.1
|Record low °F (°C)||−30
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.9
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||15.2
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 in)||8.4||8.2||8.6||7.9||8.1||7.5||6.9||7.1||7.9||8.3||9.7||10.2||98.8|
|Average rainy days||19||16||16||14||13||12||11||11||11||12||17||19||171|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1)||15.2||16.8||8.5||0.7||0||0||0||0||0||0||3.6||17.2||62.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||66.0||66.2||65.0||64.1||63.3||66.8||66.0||68.2||72.7||69.8||72.3||72.3||67.9|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||10||11.1||12.5||14||15.3||15.9||15.6||14.4||12.9||11.5||10.2||9.6||12.8|
|Percent possible sunshine||42||46||52||58||64||66||65||60||54||48||43||40||53|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Although Utica's population is predominately Caucasian, it has diversified since the 1990s with the addition of immigrants and refugees (particularly Bosnian Americans, displaced by the Bosnian War); over 15 languages are spoken in the city. Utica has a low cost of living, due to its industrial and economic decline. The city is the tenth-most-populous in New York, the seat of Oneida County and (with Schenectady) a focal point of the six-county Mohawk Valley region. According to a U.S. Census estimate, the Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area decreased in population from 299,397 in 2010 to 296,615 on July 1, 2014 and its population density was 3,818.1 people per square mile (1,471.3/km²).
In the 2010 United States Census Utica's population was 62,235, of which 69 percent were Caucasian, 64.5 percent non-Hispanic white, 15.3 percent African American and 0.3 percent American Indians and Alaska Natives. Asians were 7.4 percent of the city's population (3.5 percent Burmese, 1.5 percent Vietnamese, 0.7 percent Cambodian, 0.4 percent Indian, 0.2 percent Chinese, 0.2 percent Korean, 0.1 percent Japanese, 0.3 percent other Asian), Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders were 0.1 percent and Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.5 percent (6.8 percent Puerto Rican, 1.5 percent Dominican, 0.4 percent Mexican, 0.3 percent Salvadoran, 0.2 percent Ecuadoran, 0.1 percent Cuban and 0.9 percent other Hispanic or Latino). Other races were 3.9 percent, and multiracial individuals made up four percent of the population.
Median income for a Utica household was $24,916, and median income for a family was $33,818. Men had a median income of $27,126, and the median income for women was $21,676. Per capita income was $15,248, and 19.8 percent of families and 24.5 percent of the population were below the poverty threshold (including 38 percent of those under 18 and 12.1 percent of those 65 and over).
|Racial composition||2010 ||1990||1970||1950|
|American Indians and Alaska Natives||0.6%||0.3%||0.2%||n/a|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||10.5%||3.4%||0.9%[d]||n/a|
|Two or more races||4.0%||n/a||n/a||n/a|
During the mid-19th century, Utica employed its canals and railroads for industries producing furniture, locomotive headlights, steam gauges, firearms, textiles and lumber. World War I sparked the growth of Savage Arms, which produced the Lewis gun for the British Army, and the city was one of the wealthiest per capita in the United States.
After the rapid decline of the local textile industry during the early 20th century, Utica's economy was dependent on electronics manufacturing (led by companies such as General Electric, which produced transistor radios), machinery and equipment and food processing. During the second half of the century, the city's recessions were longer than the national average. The exodus of defense companies (such as Lockheed Martin, formed from the merger of the Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta in 1995) and the electrical-manufacturing industry played a major role in Utica's economic stress. From 1975 to 2001 the city's economic growth rate was similar to that of Buffalo, with other upstate New York cities such as Rochester and Binghamton outperforming both.
The Mohawk Valley economy is based on logistics, industrial processes, machinery and industrial services. In Rome, the former Griffiss Air Force Base has remained a regional employer as a technology center. The Turning Stone Resort & Casino in Verona is a tourist destination, with a number of expansions during the 1990s and 2000s.
Utica's larger employers include the ConMed Corporation (a surgical-device and orthotics manufacturer) and Faxton St. Luke's Healthcare, the city's primary healthcare system. Construction, such as the North-South Arterial Highway project, supports the public-sector job market. Although passenger and commercial traffic on the Erie Canal has declined since the 19th century, the barge canal has allowed heavy cargo to travel through Utica (bypassing the New York State Thruway and providing intermodal freight transport with the railroads).
Law, government and politics
|Utica, New York|
|Crime rates (2013)|
|Total Violent crime:||361|
|Motor vehicle theft:||82|
|Total Property crime:||2,529|
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
Arson data not provided; 2013 est. population: 61,808
|Source: Utica City Police Department|
Democrat Robert M. Palmieri, elected in 2011, is Utica's current mayor. The common council consists of ten members, six of whom are elected from single-member districts. The other four, including its president, are elected at-large. The council has eight standing committees for issues including transportation, education, finance and public safety. Utica is in New York's 22nd congressional district, which has been represented by Republican Richard L. Hanna since 2013. There is a relative balance between the Democratic and Republican parties, a change from the predominantly single-party politics of the 20th century.
According to the comptroller's office, in 2014 Utica's governmental expenses totaled $79.3 million (a net increase of $940,000 from the previous year). The 2015-2016 budget proposes general-fund spending of $66.3 million. City taxes collected in 2014 were $25,972,930, with a tax rate per thousand of $25.24. Utica is served by the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York, with offices in the Alexander Pirnie Federal Building.
Crime and public safety
According to the city's police department, there were seven murders, 102 robberies, 27 rapes and 225 assaults in 2013 (a decrease from the previous year, representing a violent-crime rate of 0.6 percent). There were 432 burglaries, 1,826 larcenies and 108 motor-vehicle thefts (a decrease from 2013, representing a property-crime rate of 4.1 percent). Total crimes in 2014 were 2,755 (a decrease from the previous year, with an overall crime rate of 4.7 percent). Compared to other cities in New York, Utica's crime rate is generally low. The Utica Police Department patrols the city, and law enforcement is also under the jurisdiction of the Oneida County Sheriff's Office and the New York State Police. The Utica Fire Department coordinates four engine and two truck companies, rescue, HAZMAT and medical operations with a 123-person crew.
Utica's position in the northeastern United States has allowed the blending of cultures and traditions. The city shares characteristics with other cities in Central New York, including its dialect (Inland Northern American English, also present in other Rust Belt cities such as Buffalo, Elmira and Erie, Pennsylvania).
Utica shares a cuisine with the mid-Atlantic states, with local and regional influences. The city's melting pot of immigrant and refugee cuisines, including Dutch, Italian, German, Irish and Bosnian, have introduced dishes such as ćevapi and pasticciotti[nb 1] to the community. Utica staple foods include chicken riggies, Utica greens, half-moons and tomato pie. Other popular dishes are pierogi, penne alla vodka and sausage and peppers. Utica is rooted in the brewing industry, with the family-owned Matt Brewing Company ranked the 15th-largest brewery in the United States in 2012 by sales.
The annual 15-kilometre (9.3 mi) Boilermaker Road Race, organized by the city in conjunction with the National Distance Running Hall of Fame, attracts runners from the region and around the world, including Kenya and Romania. The Children's Museum of Natural History, Science and Technology, next to Union Station, opened in 1963. In 2002 the museum partnered with NASA, featuring exhibits and events from the agency. The Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute (founded in 1919) features a PrattMWP program in cooperation with Pratt Institute, permanent collections and rotating exhibits.
The Utica Psychiatric Center, formerly a Greek Revival insane asylum, was the birthplace of the Utica crib (a restraining device frequently used at the asylum from the mid-19th century to 1887. The Stanley Center for the Arts, a mid-sized concert and performance venue, was designed by Thomas W. Lamb in 1928 and features theatrical and musical performances by local and touring groups. The restored Hotel Utica, designed by Esenwein & Johnson in 1912, had become a nursing and residential-care facility until the mid-1970s; notable guests included Franklin D. Roosevelt, Judy Garland and Bobby Darin.
Utica is home to the Utica Comets, affiliated with the National Hockey League's Vancouver Canucks. Formerly the Peoria Rivermen, the team moved to Utica and began playing in the American Hockey League during the 2013–14 season. The 3,815-seat Utica Memorial Auditorium, which opened in 1960, is home to the Comets and the Utica College Pioneers. The Utica Devils played in the AHL from 1987 to 1993, and the Utica Bulldogs (1993–94), Utica Blizzard (1994-97) and Mohawk Valley Prowlers (1998-2001) were members of the United Hockey League (UHL).
The city was home to the Utica Blue Sox (1939-2001), a New York–Penn League baseball team also affiliated with the Toronto Blue Jays and, later, the Miami Marlins. Other former baseball teams included the Utica Asylums (1900) and the Boston Braves-affiliated Utica Braves (1939–42).
Area collegiate teams
|SUNY Polytechnic Institute||Wildcats||Blue and gold||NCAA Division III||NEAC|
|Hamilton College||Continentals||Buff and blue||NCAA Division III||NESCAC|
|Utica College||Pioneers||Navy and orange||NCAA Division III||Empire 8|
|Mohawk Valley Community College||Hawks||Sea green and gray||NJCAA||Region III|
|Herkimer County Community College||Generals||Hunter green and gold||NJCAA||Region III|
Parks and recreation
Utica's park system has 677 acres (274 ha) of parks and recreation centers; most of the city's parks have community centers and swimming pools. Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. (who designed New York City's Central Park and Delaware Park in Buffalo) designed the Utica Parks and Parkway Historic District, a national historic district. Olmsted also designed Memorial Parkway, a 4-mile (6.4 km) tree-lined boulevard connecting the district's parks and encircling the city's southern neighborhoods. The district includes Roscoe Conkling Park, F.T. Proctor Park, the Parkway and T.R. Proctor Park.
The city's municipal golf course, Valley View (designed by golf-course architect Robert Trent Jones), is south of the city near the village of New Hartford. The Utica Zoo and the Val Bialas Ski Chalet, an urban ski slope featuring skiing, snowboarding, outdoor skating and tubing, are also south of the city in Roscoe Conkling Park. Smaller neighborhood parks in the district include Addison Miller Park, Chancellor Park, Seymour Park and Wankel Park.
Like Ithaca and Syracuse, Utica has a mix of public and private colleges and universities; three state colleges and four private colleges are in the Utica–Rome metropolitan area. SUNY Polytechnic Institute, on an 850-acre campus in North Utica and Marcy, has over 2,000 students and is one of eight technology colleges and 14 doctorate-granting universities of the State University of New York (SUNY). Mohawk Valley Community College, the largest college between Syracuse and Albany with nearly 7,000 students, and an Empire State College location serve Utica and Rome.
Formerly a satellite campus of Syracuse University, Utica College is a four-year private liberal arts college with over 3,000 students. Established in 1904, St. Elizabeth College of Nursing partners with regional institutions to grant nursing degrees. Pratt Institute offers a local two-year fine-arts course, and the Utica School of Commerce has business-related programs at its Central New York locations.
The Utica City School District had an enrollment of nearly 10,000 in 2012 and is the most diverse school district in Upstate New York. District schools include Thomas R. Proctor High School, James H. Donovan Middle School and twelve elementary schools. Utica's original public high school, the Utica Free Academy, closed in 1987. The city is also home to Notre Dame Junior Senior High School, a small Catholic high school founded in 1959 by the Xaverian Brothers.
Utica is served by four stations affiliated with major television networks: WKTV (NBC), WUTR (ABC), WFXV (Fox) and WKTV-DT2 (CW). WTVH, Syracuse's CBS affiliate, is the city's de facto CBS station. PBS member station WCNY-TV in Syracuse operates translator W22DO-D on analog channel 22 and digital channel 24. Several low-power television stations, such as WPNY-LP (MyNetworkTV), also broadcast in the area. Cable television viewers are served by the Syracuse office of Time Warner Cable, which offers a local news service, a local sports channel and public-access channels. Dish Network and DirecTV provide satellite television customers with local broadcast channels.
Utica's main daily newspaper is the Observer-Dispatch; the Utica Phoenix, established in 2002, is an alternative. The city has 26 FM radio stations and nine AM stations. Major station owners in the area include Townsquare Media and Galaxy Communications. In addition to minor popular-culture references, Slap Shot (1977) was partially filmed in Utica and the city has been featured on The Office. The series is also commonly mentioned in the Netflix original series Orange Is The New Black.
The Mid York Library System serves Utica and is chartered by the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York. The library system operates 43 libraries (including the Utica Public Library) in Oneida, Herkimer and Madison counties.
Griffiss International Airport in Rome primarily serves military and general aviation, and regional, domestic and international passenger air travel in the Utica–Rome metropolitan area is provided from Syracuse Hancock International Airport and Albany International Airport. Amtrak's Empire, Maple Leaf and Lake Shore Limited trains stop at Utica's Union Station. Bus service is provided by the Central New York Regional Transportation Authority (CENTRO), a Syracuse public transport operator which runs twelve lines in Utica and has a downtown hub. Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines and the Birnie Bus Company, with weekday and Saturday service to Syracuse; both stop at Union Station.
During the 1960s and 1970s, New York state planners envisioned a system of arterial roads in Utica which would include connections to Binghamton and Interstate 81. Due to community opposition only parts of the highway project were completed, including the North–South Arterial Highway running west of the city. Of Utica's highway network, six New York State highways, one three-digit interstate highway and one two-digit interstate highway pass through the city. New York State Route 49 and New York State Route 840 are east-west expressways running along Utica's northern and southern borders, respectively, with the eastern terminus of both in the city. New York State Route 5 and its alternate routes, New York State Route 5S and New York State Route 5A, are east-west roads and expressways which pass through Utica; NY 5S's western terminus and NY 5A's eastern terminus are both in the city. With NY 5 and Interstate 790 (an auxiliary highway of Interstate 90), New York State Route 12 and New York State Route 8 form the North–South Arterial Highway.
Electricity in Utica is provided by National Grid plc, a British energy corporation which acquired the city's former electricity provider (Niagara Mohawk) in 2002. Utica is near the crossroads of major electrical-transmission lines, with substations in the town of Marcy. An expansion project by the New York Power Authority, National Grid, Consolidated Edison and New York State Electric and Gas (NYSEG, a subsidiary of Iberdrola USA) is planned. In 2009 city businesses (including Utica College and St. Luke's Medical Center) developed a microgrid, and in 2012 the Utica City Council explored the possibility of a public, city-owned power company. Utica's natural gas is provided by National Grid and NYSEG.
Municipal solid waste is collected and disposed of weekly by the Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Authority, a public-benefit corporation which coordinates single-stream recycling, waste reduction, composting and the disposal of hazardous materials and demolition debris. Utica's wastewater is treated by the Mohawk Valley Water Authority, with a capacity of 32 million gallons per day. Treated water is tested for impurities including pathogens, nitrates and nitrites. Utica's drinking water comes from the stream-fed Hinckley Reservoir in the foothills of the Adirondack Mountains.
Primary health care in Utica is provided by the Mohawk Valley Health System, a nonprofit organization which operates Faxton St. Luke's Healthcare and St. Elizabeth Medical Center. The St. Luke's and Faxton hospitals have a total of 370 acute and 202 long-term beds, and St. Elizabeth has 201 acute-care beds. St. Luke's and Faxton are surgical centers, and St. Elizabeth is a trauma and surgical center.
- Lower Genesee Street Historic District
- Utica Shale – a geological formation named for Utica
- Timeline of town creation in Central New York
- Estimated MSA rank as of July 1, 2014.
- Calculated from the total populations of Oneida, Herkimer, Schenectady, Otsego, Fulton, and Montgomery counties as of the 2010 census.
- Humidity data calculated from the averages of morning and evening relative humidities.
- Population estimate from a 15-percent sample
- Mittel Jr., David A. (June 4, 2008). "The city that God Forgot". The Providence Journal. Archived from the original on June 7, 2008.
- Bottini, Joseph L.; Davis, James L. (2007). Utica. Arcadia Publishing. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-7385-5496-9.
- Bagg 1892, p. 20.
- Ripley, George, ed. (1879). " Utica (New York)". The American Cyclopædia. 16 (1879 ed.). D. Appleton & Company. Wikisource.
- Bagg 1892, p. 199.
- "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014" (CSV). 2014 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- 2010 "Census Urban Area List". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. June 9, 2014. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
- "Feature Detail Report for: Utica". United States Geological Survey. 23 January 1980. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- "Utica, NY to Albany, NY". Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2015-05-03.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 5.
- "Granite Broadcasting Corporation | Syracuse". Granite Broadcasting Corporation. Granite Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Odato, James M. (March 19, 2014). "SUNY's CNSE to merge with SUNY-IT". Times Union. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Bottini & Davis 2007, p. ix.
- R. Thomas 2003, pp. 1–5.
- Schneider, Meg. New York Yesterday & Today. Voyageur Press. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-6167-3126-7.
- Mittell Jr., David A. (June 8, 2008). "Visitor takes a lonely walk through Utica". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- Dooling, Sarah; Simon, Gregory (2012). Cities, Nature and Development: The Politics and Production of Urban Vulnerabilities. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 165–181. ISBN 978-1-4094-0831-4.
- Hevesi, Alan G. "Population Trends in New York State’s Cities" (PDF). Division of Local Government Services & Economic Development. Office of the New York State Comptroller. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 41.
- Zielbauer, Paul (1999-05-07). "Looking to Prosper as a Melting Pot; Utica, Long in Decline, Welcomes an Influx of Refugees". The New York Times.
- "Utica (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". US Census Bureau QuickFacts. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- Bagg 1892, p. 3.
- Childs 1900, p. 2.
- Bagg 1892, p. 21.
- Bagg 1892, pp. 19–20.
- Childs 1900, p. 134.
- Czarnota, Lorna (2014-04-08). "Utica: Beer and Insanity". Native American & Pioneer Sites of Upstate New York: Westward Trails from Albany to Buffalo. The History Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-6258-4776-8.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 17.
- Childs 1900, p. 1.
- Childs 1900, p. 52.
- Hulbert, Archer Butler; Hall, James; Wallcut, Thomas; Bigelow, Timothy; Halsey, Francis Whiting; Dickens, Charles; Murray, Sir Charles Augustus (1904). Pioneer Roads and Experiences of Travelers. A. H. Clark Company. pp. 99–108. Retrieved 2015-04-29.
- Childs 1900, p. 7.
- Przybycien, F. E. (1976). Utica: A City Worth Saving. Dodge-Graphic Press, Inc.
- Czarnota, Lorna (2014). "Utica: Beer and Insanity". Native American & Pioneer Sites of Upstate New York: Westward Trails from Albany to Buffalo. The History Press. pp. 77–81. ISBN 978-1-6258-4776-8.
- Bagg 1892, pp. 48–49.
- Bagg 1892, p. 89.
- Bagg 1892, p. 131.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 22.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 25.
- Interstate Commerce Commission Reports: Reports and Decisions of the Interstate Commerce Commission of the United States, Volume 59. Harvard University: L.K. Strouse, United States Interstate Commerce Commission. 1921. p. 142.
- Childs 1900, p. 25.
- Cookinham, H. J. (1912). History of Oneida County, New York: from 1700 to the present time. New York Public Library: Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Company.
- Childs 1900, pp. 56–57.
- Starr, Timothy (2012). Railroad Wars of New York State. The History Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-1-6094-9727-9.
- Gove, Bill (2006). Logging Railroads of the Adirondacks. Syracuse University Press. pp. 71–75. ISBN 978-0-8156-0794-6.
- Calarco, Tom (2011-02-23). The Underground Railroad in the Adirondack Region. McFarland. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-7864-8740-0.
- Switala 2006, p. 80.
- Switala 2006, p. 111.
- Switala 2006, p. 83.
- Edwards, Evelyn R. (2007-01-24). Around Utica. Arcadia Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-4396-1852-3.
- Hilton, George W.; Due, John Fitzgerald (2000-01-01). The Electric Interurban Railways in America. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804740142.
- "Annette apologizes for calling Utica 'sin city of the East'". Lakeland Ledger 78 (5). October 27, 1983. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Lentricchia, Frank (4 March 2013). "Seeking the truth in Utica". Philly.com. Reviewed by Michael Harrington. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Benedetto, Richard (2006). Politicians are People, Too. University Press of America. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-7618-3422-9.
- Webster, Dennis (2012). Wicked Mohawk Valley. The History Press. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-6094-9390-5.
- Hartman, K. E. (14 August 2006). "Exploring the Mohawk Valley: Selected Print Resources" (PDF). Mohawk Valley Community College. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 58.
- Herbers, John (1989-03-26). "THE REGION; Tales From Elsewhere: Entering the New Era Of Municipal Rule". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-04-25.
- Cardarelli, Malio J. (29 August 2010). "Guest view: There’s no denying that ‘Rufie’ left his mark on Utica". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Croniser, Rebecca (14 September 2008). "Utica’s organized crime revisited". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
- R. Thomas 2003, pp. 49–50.
- R. Thomas & Smith 2009, p. 24.
- R. Thomas & Smith 2009, p. 66.
- Weir, Robert E. (2013). Workers in America: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 425. ISBN 978-1-5988-4719-2.
- Hartman, Susan (10 August 2014). "A New Life for Refugees, and the City They Adopted". New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Coughlin, Reed; Owens-Manley, Judith (2006). Bosnian Refugees in America: New Communities, New Cultures. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-0-3872-5154-7.
- Brody, Leslie (2015-01-21). "Small Cities Fight for More School Aid From New York State". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
- "Governor Cuomo Announces 'Nano Utica' $1.5 Billion Public-Private Investment That Will Make the Mohawk Valley New York's Next Major Hub of Nanotech Research". Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. New York State. October 10, 2013. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "Cuomo visits Lake Placid, Utica to talk upstate development". WIVB.com. Associated Press. February 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Cooper, Elizabeth (February 17, 2015). "Cuomo won't budge on $1.5 billion economic development competition". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Thomas, Brian (8 February 2010). "City of Utica Master Plan Accomplishments / 2.8.10". City of Utica Master Plan. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Miner, Dan (12 July 2010). "Utica master plan: 'Play ball!' at Harbor Point?". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
- Hislop, Codman (1948). The Mohawk. Syracuse University Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-8156-2472-1.
- Hudson, John C. (2002). Across This Land: A Regional Geography of the United States and Canada. JHU Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-8018-6567-1.
- "Utica Marsh Wildlife Management Area Overview". New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Utica Marsh" (PDF). New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Childs 1900, p. 55.
- Writers' Program. New York (1974). New York: A Guide to the Empire State. North American Book Dist LLC. pp. 353–355. ISBN 978-0-4030-2151-2.
- "New York State Office Building, Utica". SkyscraperPage.com. Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Childs 1900, p. 60.
- Childs 1900, pp. 57–58.
- Childs 1900, p. 130.
- Kohn, Solomon Joshua (1959). The Jewish community of Utica, New York, 1847-1948. American Jewish Historical Society. p. 130. OCLC 304259.
- Bean, Philip A. (2004). La Colonia: Italian Life and Politics in Utica, New York, 1860-1960. Utica College, Ethnic Heritage Studies Center. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-9660-3630-5.
- Tamburri, Anthony Julian; Giordano, Paolo; Gardaphe, Fred L. (2000). From the Margin: Writings in Italian Americana. Purdue University Press. pp. 386–390. ISBN 978-1-5575-3152-0.
- "Utica, New York Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- Kottek, Marcus; Greiser, Jürgen et al. (June 2006). "World Map of Köppen–Geiger Climate Classification". Meteorologische Zeitschrift (E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung) 15 (3): 261. Bibcode:2006MetZe..15..259K. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130.
- "Utica, New York Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2015-04-23.
- "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2012. Retrieved 2015-04-23.
- Catie, O'Toole (5 January 2015). "Weather: 6 inches to nearly 2 feet of lake-effect snow possible in parts of CNY". Syracuse.com. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
- Monmonier, Mark (2000). Air Apparent: How Meteorologists Learned to Map, Predict, and Dramatize Weather. University of Chicago Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-2265-3423-7.
- Karmosky, Christopher (2007). Synoptic Climatology of Snowfall in the Northeastern United States: an Analysis of Snowfall Amounts from Diverse Synoptic Weather Types. University of Delaware. Department of Geography. ProQuest. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-5493-8718-3.
- Childs 1900, p. 136.
- "Record Weather Extremes | Weather Underground". Weather Underground. Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-23.
- "Rome, New York". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- Clarridge, Emerson (July 11, 2010). "Mayor Roefaro to speak at Bosnian commemoration event in Syracuse". Utica Observer-Dispatch. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
- "Utica, New York". Modern Language Association. 2000. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010". American FactFinder. U.S. Census. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "New York - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- "Savage Arms History". Savage Arms. Retrieved 2015-05-03.
- R. Thomas & Smith 2009, p. 64.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 117.
- "Utica | Buildings | EMPORIS". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- "The Regional Economy of Upstate New York" (PDF). New York Fed. Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
- "Mohawk Valley". START-UP NY. State of New York. Retrieved 2015-04-15.
- Bottini & Davis 2007, p. x.
- Gerould, S. Alexander (January 4, 2015). "DEC has eye on contamination at ConMed site". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-23.
- "CONMED Corporation News". The New York Times. 2008. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Miner, Dan (3 May 2012). "DOT unveils accelerated time frame for Arterial project". Observer-Dispatch. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Goodban Belt, LLC (May 2010). "New York State Canal System, Modern Freight-Way" (PDF). New York State Canal Corporation. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Mayor's Office". City of Utica. Retrieved 2015-05-04.
- Miner, Dan (November 17, 2011). "Palmieri wins Utica mayoral election". Utica Observer-Dispatch. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "Common Council". City of Utica. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Standing Committees". City of Utica. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- R. Thomas 2003, pp. 145–149.
- "City of Utica, Financial Statements and Required Reports Under OMB Circular A-133 as of March 31, 2014" (PDF). City of Utica. City of Utica. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "2015-2016 Board of E & A Approved Budget" (PDF). City of Utica. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "Utica | Northern District of New York | United States District Court". United States Court, Northern District of New York. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- Sperling, Bert; Sander, Peter J. (2007-05-07). Cities Ranked & Rated: More Than 400 Metropolitan Areas Evaluated in the U.S. and Canada. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-4700-6864-9.
- "Crime, Arrest and Firearm Activity Report" (PDF). Division of Criminal Justice Services. New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services (published March 6, 2015). January 31, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-23.
- "Law Enforcement Division - Oneida County Sheriff". Oneida County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- "Fire Department". City of Utica. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- Bartelma, Katy; Inc, Let's Go (2004-12-13). Let's Go 2005 USA: With Coverage of Canada. St. Martin's Press. p. 642. ISBN 978-0-3123-3557-1.
- Santos, Fernanda (21 October 2006). "Where Young Refugees Find a Place to Fit In". The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "Quality of Life". City of Utica. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Nadeau, Mary (September 11, 2008). "A bright outlook on life". Observer-Dispatch (GateHouse Media). Retrieved 2015-04-22.
- Miltner, Karen (20 June 2010). "From riggies to cevapi, immigrants have shaped Utica's food scene". Democrat and Chronicle. Gannett. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "New York State". Insight Guides: USA on the Roa. Insight Guides. Apa Publications (UK) Limited. 2013-02-25. ISBN 978-1-7800-5632-6.
- Monaski, Jeff (6 June 2013). "Utica Native Shares Chicken Riggies Recipe With Taste Of Home Magazine". WIBX 950AM. Townsquare Media. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Baber, Cassaundra (11 January 2010). "Next Food Network star: Utica greens". Utica Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Levine, Ed (15 January 2008). "The Best Black and White Cookies? Half-Moons? Amerikaners?". New York Serious Eats. Serious Eats. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Hubbell, Matt (16 April 2015). "Are Utica's Halfmoon Cookies 'Today Show' Bound?!". lite98.7. Townsquare Media. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Russell, Tina (6 August 2014). "O'Scugnizzo Pizzeria: A slice of Utica's history turns 100". Utica Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "Visitors". City of Utica. Food. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Quality of Life". www.cityofutica.com. Retrieved 2015-04-25.
- "F.X. Matt Brewing Co. / Saranac - Brew Central". BrewCentralNY.com. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "Brewers Association Releases Top 50 Breweries of 2012; Top 50 Overall U.S. Brewing Companies (Based on 2012 beer sales volume)". Brewer' Association. Boulder, CO. April 10, 2013. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Moses, Sarah. "Boilermaker Road Race makes changes to registration process for 2015". Syracuse.com. Syracuse Media Group. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Braine, Bill (November 2007). Runner's World. 11 42. Rodale, Inc. pp. 119–120. ISSN 0897-1706.
- Sharp, Debbie (6 July 2005). "Opening Set for NASA Exhibits at Utica Children’s Museum". NASA. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "The Children's Museum of History, Natural History, Science & Technology". City of Utica. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "PrattMWP, Pratt Institute’s Utica, NY campus: A Great Choice for Many Art Students". PrattMWP College of Art and Design. Munson Williams Proctor Art Institute. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Burns, Stanley B. "19th and 20th century psychiatry: 22 rare photos". CBS News. CBS. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Roth, Amy Neff (26 April 2013). "'Old Main' played important role in history of psychiatry". Observer-Dispatch (GateHouse Media). Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "The Straightjacket and Utica Crib: Diagnostik". University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. The University of Iowa. 2 Nov 2001. Archived from the original on 21 May 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "About » Stanley Center For The Arts". Stanley Center for the Arts. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Bottini & Davis 2007, p. 13.
- "Hotel Utica – A History". Hotel Utica. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Tucker, Libby (2013). "New York's Haunted Bars". Voices 39 (Spring-Summer). Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "Utica Comets to join AHL in 2013-14". TheAHL.com. American Hockey League. June 14, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- Brough, Jason (14 June 2013). "Introducing the Utica Comets of the AHL". ProHockeyTalk. NBCSports. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "United Hockey League history and statistics at hockeydb.com". hockeydb.com. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Worth, Richard (2013-02-26). Baseball Team Names: A Worldwide Dictionary, 1869-2011. McFarland. p. 311. ISBN 978-0-7864-6844-7.
- New York Times. (1907, June 23). Gives Utica Four Parks. p. S5.
- Vincent (2007-01-01). Lin Smith, Vincent; Waller, Sydney, eds. Sculpture Space: The Book : for the Artists and Individuals who are Part of the Sculpture Space Story. Thomas Piché, Sculpture Space (Studio). Sculpture Space, Incorporated. ISBN 978-0-9795-9690-2.
- "Memorial Parkway | Explore Our Parks | Central New York Conservancy | Mohawk Valley". Central New York Conservancy. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "Proctor Park". Oneida County Historical Society. Oneida County Historical Society. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Explore Our Parks in Utica, New York". Central New York Conservancy. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Pitarresi, John (22 December 2012). "Val Bialas Sports Center: Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
- "Parks & Open Spaces". City of Utica. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Campuses / SUNY Polytechnic Institute (formerly SUNYIT)". The State University of New York. The State University of New York. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Contact Information for SUNY Technology Colleges". OPEN SUNY. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "SUNY Vice Presidents for Research - RF for SUNY". SUNY Research Foundation. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "About MVCC | MVCC | Mohawk Valley Community College". Mohawk Valley Community College. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "About Utica College". Utica College. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "History | St. Elizabeth College of Nursing | Utica, NY". St. Elizabeth College of Nursing. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "Pratt BFA Degrees | Top Ranked Design & Fine Arts Programs » PrattMWP". PrattMWP College of Art and Design. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "Utica School of Commerce". Utica School of Commerce. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- "Utica City School District". Federal Education Budget Project. New America Foundation. 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Scott Thomas, G (June 25, 2015). "Utica scores highest in Upstate New York for racial diversity in public schools". Buffalo Business First (American City Business Journals). Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Tracey, Sarah (5 April 2014). "UFA to celebrate 200 years of memories, milestones". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
- NDHS. "School History". Notre Dame High School website. Archived from the original on 2007-04-16. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "About TWC News". TWC News. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "DISH Network to Become First Pay-TV Provider to Offer Local Broadcast Channels in All 210 Local Television Markets in the United States" (PDF). DISH Network - Investor Relations. COMTEX News Network. May 27, 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Get DIRECTV in Utica". DirecTV. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Geruntino, Gino (28 December 2011). "Utica Phoenix Gains Official Newspaper Designation". WIBX950 (Townsquare Media). Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 8.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 121.
- Lynn, Naomi (6 January 2015). "Utica Gets Plenty of Attention In The Entertainment World: These TV Shows And Movies Prove Utica Is More Popular Than You Think". lite98.7. Townsquare Media. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Ginsberg, Allen (1956). Howl and Other Poems. City Light Books. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-8728-6017-9.
- "Slap Shot (1977) Filming Locations". IMDb. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Fran Perritano (May 28, 2010). "'Hanson Brothers' will return to Utica Aud". Utica Observer-Dispatch. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
- "Library Information". Mid York Library System. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "About MYLS". Mid York Library System. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 156.
- "Centro Utica". Centro. April 1, 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
- "Central New York - Weekday Line Runs" (PDF). Birnie Bus Service, Inc. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- "Greyhound.com | Utica, NY". Greyhound. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- "Central New York - Saturday Line Runs" (PDF). Birnie Bus Service, Inc. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
- R. Thomas 2003, pp. 114–115.
- R. Thomas 2003, p. 114.
- Report on State arterial route plans in the Utica urban area. New York (State). Dept. of Public Works. Department of Public Works. 1950. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "National Grid - 2002 News Releases". nationalgridus.com. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "New York Transco Transmission Projects". New York State Electric & Gas. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "Major Transmission Facilities Included In and Excluded From the Transmission Revenue Requirement" (PDF). New York Power Authority. New York Power Authority. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- Kemble, William J. (16 November 2013). "Proposed power line through Mid-Hudson region stirs concerns". The Daily Freeman. 21st Century Media. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- Roth, Amy (September 18, 2014). "Mini electric stations, such as at Faxton St. Luke's, being touted". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- Zeman, F. (2012-09-11). Metropolitan Sustainability: Understanding and Improving the Urban Environment. Elsevier. p. 544. ISBN 978-0-8570-9646-3.
- Miner, Dan (26 January 2012). "Utica forming panel to study possibility of new power system". Observer-Dispatch. GateHouse Media. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "Proceeding To Examine Policies Regarding the Expansion of Natural Gas Service Case 12-G-0297" (PDF). New York State Public Service Commission. National Grid. January 9, 2013. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- Handelman, David. "National Grid requests $400,000 from city". Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "NYSEG | Service Area". New York State Electric & Gas. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "City of Utica Garbage & Recycling: Collection & Disposal Information" (PDF). Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "About Us » Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Authority". Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "Water Quality". Mohawk Valley Water Authority. Mohawk Valley Water Authority. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "Water Quality Report 2014" (PDF). Mohawk Valley Water Authority. Mohawk Valley Water Authority. 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "About the Mohawk Valley Health System | Mohawk Valley Health System". Mohawk Valley Health System. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "Fact Sheet | Mohawk Valley Health System". Mohawk Valley Health System. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (2006-02-14). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 798. ISBN 1135948593.
- Davis, James L. (2013-10-14). Legendary Locals of Greater Utica. Arcadia Publishing. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-4671-0084-7.
- Bromberg, Howard. Great Lives From History: Incredibly Wealthy. Aware Journalism. p. 1027. ISBN 978-1-5876-5664-4.
- Bagg, M. M. (1892). Memorial history of Utica, N.Y.: from its settlement to the present time. Cornell University Library: D. Mason & Co. Publishers. OCLC 1837599.
- Bottini, Joseph P.; Davis, James L. (2007). Utica. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-5496-9.
- Childs, L. C. (1900). Outline History of Utica and Vicinity. New Century Club, Utica, New York. OCLC 1558992.
- R. Thomas, Alexander (2003). In Gotham's Shadow. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-5595-1.
- R. Thomas, Alexander; Smith, Polly J. (2009). Upstate Down: Thinking about New York and Its Discontents. University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-7618-4500-3.
- Switala, William J. (2006). Underground Railroad in New Jersey and New York. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3258-1.
- Bartholomew, Harland (1921). A preliminary report on major streets, Utica, New York. Willard Press. OCLC 682139143.
- Bean, Philip A. (2004). La Colonia: Italian Life and Politics in Utica, New York, 1860-1960. Utica College, Ethnic Heritage Studies Center. ISBN 978-0-9660-3630-5.
- Bean, Philip A. (2010). The Urban Colonists: Italian American Identity and Politics in Utica, New York. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-3238-2.
- Hopper, Wilbert Clayton (1933). The marketing of fruits and vegetables in the city of Utica. New York State College of Agriculture. OCLC 63975458.
- Ferris, T. Harvey (1913). Utica, the heart of the Empire state. Library of Congress. ASIN B00486TJ2C.
- Kobryn, Nancy (1995). Guts and glory, tragedy and triumph: the Rufus P. Elefante story. Steffen Pub. OCLC 40756638.
- Pula, James S. (1994). Ethnic Utica. Ethnic Heritage Studies Center, Utica College of Syracuse University. ISBN 978-0-9668-1785-0.
- Shumway, Daniel (2014). Utica Beer: A History of Brewing in the Mohawk Valley. The History Press. ISBN 978-1-6261-9338-3.
- Utica Public Library (1932). A bibliography of the history and life of Utica; a centennial contribution. Goodenow Print. Co. OCLC 1074083.
- Webster, Dennis; Peck, Bernadette (2014). Haunted Utica: Mohawk Valley Ghosts and Other Historic Haunts. The History Press. ISBN 978-1-6258-4593-1.
Find more about
Utica, New York
at Wikipedia's sister projects
|Definitions from Wiktionary|
|Media from Commons|
|News stories from Wikinews|
|Quotations from Wikiquote|
|Source texts from Wikisource|
|Textbooks from Wikibooks|
|Travel guide from Wikivoyage|
|Learning resources from Wikiversity|
- NYPL Digital Gallery. Items related to Utica, NY, various dates
- Library of Congress, Prints & Photos Division. Items related to Utica, NY, various dates
- SkyscraperPage. Diagram of skyscrapers in Utica, NY, various dates
- Utica, NY at DMOZ
- Utica travel guide from Wikivoyage
- The full text of The American Cyclopædia (1879)/Utica (New York) at Wikisource
||Towns of Whitestown and Marcy||Town of Marcy||Town of Deerfield|
|Towns of Whitestown and New Hartford
Villages of Whitesboro, Yorkville, and New York Mills
Towns of Frankfort and Schuyler
|Town of New Hartford
Village of New Hartford
|Town of New Hartford