Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station

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 Crown Heights–Utica Avenue
 "3" train"4" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Utica Av IRT EB jeh.JPG
Southbound platform
Station statistics
AddressUtica Avenue & Eastern Parkway
Brooklyn, NY 11213[1]
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleCrown Heights
Coordinates40°40′08″N 73°55′52″W / 40.668758°N 73.931208°W / 40.668758; -73.931208Coordinates: 40°40′08″N 73°55′52″W / 40.668758°N 73.931208°W / 40.668758; -73.931208
DivisionA (IRT)[2]
LineIRT Eastern Parkway Line
Services   2 limited rush hour service in the reverse-peak direction (limited rush hour service in the reverse-peak direction)
   3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
   4 all times (all times)
   5 limited rush hour service only (limited rush hour service only)
TransitBus transport NYCT Bus: B14, B17, B45, B46, B46 SBS[3]
StructureUnderground
Levels2
Platforms2 island platforms (1 on each level)
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4 (2 on each level)
Other information
OpenedAugust 23, 1920; 102 years ago (1920-08-23)
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Traffic
20197,933,008[5]Increase 0.2%
Rank44 out of 424[5]
Services
Preceding station New York City Subway New York City Subway Following station
Franklin Avenue–Medgar Evers College
4 all except late nights5 limited rush hour service only
NYCS-bull-trans-4-Std.svg
Express
Terminus
Kingston Avenue
2 limited rush hour service in the reverse-peak direction3 all except late nights4 late nights, and limited rush hour service5 one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only
NYCS-bull-trans-3-Std.svg
Local
Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road
2 limited weekday rush hour service in the peak direction only3 all except late nights4 late nights and limited weekday rush hour service in the peak direction
Location
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station is located in New York City Subway
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station is located in New York City
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station is located in New York
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station
Track layout

Upper level
E1
E2
to lower level
to lower level
Lower level
E4
E3
from upper level
from upper level
Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only

The Crown Heights–Utica Avenue station is an express station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line of the New York City Subway. Located under Eastern Parkway near Utica Avenue in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, it is served by the 4 train at all times and the 3 train at all times except late nights. There is also limited rush hour 2 and 5 services here.

Despite its name, this station has no exit to the corner of Utica Avenue and Eastern Parkway. It is actually located between Schenectady and Utica Avenues and the two exits lead to the middle of the block, several feet from the actual cross street.

The station opened on August 23, 1920, as part of an extension of the IRT Eastern Parkway Line by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Crown Heights—Utica Avenue station was constructed as part of the Eastern Parkway Line. The line's section to Atlantic Avenue was part of Contract 2 of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT)'s plan to construct an extension of the original subway, Contract 1. Contract 2 extended the original line from City Hall in Manhattan to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn. The Board of Rapid Transit Commissioners approved the route on September 27, 1900,[6] and the contract was signed on September 11, 1902. Construction commenced on Contract 2 on March 4, 1903.[7] The first section opened on January 9, 1908, extending the subway from Bowling Green to Borough Hall.[8][9][10] On April 28, 1908, the IRT formally applied with the New York Public Service Commission for permission to open the final section of the Contract 2 line from Borough Hall to Atlantic Avenue near the Flatbush Avenue LIRR station. The application was approved, and the IRT extension opened on May 1, 1908.[11]: 194 [7]

On March 19, 1913, New York City, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company, and the IRT reached an agreement, known as the Dual Contracts, to drastically expand subway service across New York City. As part of Contract 3 of the agreement, between New York City and the IRT, the original subway opened by the IRT in 1904 to City Hall,[12] and extended to Atlantic Avenue in 1908,[13] was to be extended eastward into Brooklyn.[14] The line was to be extended along Flatbush Avenue and Eastern Parkway to Buffalo Street as a four-track subway line, and then along East 98th Street and Livonia Avenue to New Lots Avenue as an elevated two-track line, with provisions for the addition of a third track. In addition, a two-track branch line along Nostrand Avenue branching off east of the Franklin Avenue station was to be constructed.[15] The underground portion of the line became known as the Eastern Parkway Line, or Route 12, while the elevated portion became known as the New Lots Line.[16]

Construction and opening[edit]

The IRT Eastern Parkway Line was built as part of Route 12 from 1915 to 1918.[17] On August 23, 1920, the Eastern Parkway Line was extended from Atlantic Avenue to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue, with the Utica Avenue station opening at this time. The new trains would be served by trains from Seventh Avenue.[18]

On November 22, 1920, the first portion of the IRT New Lots Line opened between Utica Avenue and Junius Street opened on November 22, 1920, with shuttle trains operating over this route.[19][20]

Later years[edit]

In 1981, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority listed the station among the 69 most deteriorated stations in the subway system.[21]

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exit/entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control
Disabled access Elevator at northwest corner of Utica Avenue and Eastern Parkway, in Eastern Parkway median
B2 Southbound express "4" train termination track →
"4" train toward New Lots Avenue (select rush hour trips) (Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road)
"5" train termination track (select rush hour trips) →
Island platform Disabled access
Southbound local "3" train ("4" train late nights) toward New Lots Avenue (Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road)
"2" train toward New Lots Avenue (select rush hour trips) (Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road)
B3 Northbound express "4" train toward Woodlawn (Franklin Avenue–Medgar Evers College)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue or Nereid Avenue (select rush hour trips) (Franklin Avenue–Medgar Evers College)
Island platform Disabled access
Northbound local "3" train toward Harlem–148th Street (Kingston Avenue)
"4" train toward Woodlawn late nights (Kingston Avenue)
"2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street (select rush hour trips) (Kingston Avenue)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue (one a.m. rush hour trip) (Kingston Avenue)
Elevator to platforms

This underground station serves local and express trains in a two-level layout with two island platforms. The upper platform serves southbound trains, with local tracks to the west and express tracks to the east, and the lower platform serves northbound trains with a similar configuration.[22] This is the easternmost underground and four-track subway station on the Eastern Parkway Line; to the east (railroad south) of here, the local tracks rises and become the IRT New Lots Line, while the express tracks end at bumper blocks just under Ralph Avenue. Diamond crossover tracks exist west (railroad north) of the station for northbound trains and east for southbound trains. Another diamond crossover, east of here, connects the southbound express track to a ramp down to the lower level. Trains descending the ramp can access either the local or express track.[22]

There is an active tower at the south end of the platform while a closed one exists on the east of the lower level.

Exits[edit]

The station's two exits are located at either end. The one on the west (railroad north) is staffed weekdays only and accessed via a wide staircase in place of the end wall of the New Lots Avenue-bound platform. This staircase leads up to a small mezzanine where there is a token booth and turnstiles. When the booth and turnstile bank are closed, three HEET turnstiles and one exit-only turnstile provide access to/from the entrance. The two street staircases lead out to the two malls on either side of the main road of Eastern Parkway on the west side of Schenectady Avenue.[23]

The station's full-time exit is at the east end (railroad south) of the platforms. Two narrow staircases and one elevator connect both platforms to a small upper level mezzanine that has two public restrooms (one for men and the other for women) and leads to a bank of turnstiles. The two street stairs here lead to either mall of Eastern Parkway west of Utica Avenue. Another elevator from the south mall leads to fare control.[23]

Design[edit]

Detail of Good Morning and Good Night by Hugo Consuegra

On the New Lots Avenue-bound platform, the track walls have a section of yellow-orange tiles beneath the trim-line and another line of yellow tiles on the bottom of the tiled portions. The I-beams and other steel work along the track walls are painted in dark blue. The Manhattan-bound platform has its metalwork painted in golden yellow and the tiles beneath the trim line in dark blue. In the station, there are ornate doors in the tile walls which serve as vent chambers.

The 2004 artwork here is part of a series called Good Morning and Good Night.[24] It consists of ceramic tiles of the sun and moon on the platform walls.

Provisions for expansion[edit]

Extensions of the IRT subway east or south of the station have been proposed since the line's planning in the 1910s, which included terminating the line at Buffalo Avenue just east of the station, or extending the line down Utica Avenue towards Flatbush Avenue and Avenue U near Kings Plaza. The Utica Avenue extension in particular has been proposed several times as part of the New York City Transit Authority's 1968 expansion proposals, in older pre-unification plans, and in the competing pre-unification expansion plans of the Independent Subway System (IND).[25][26][27][28][29] Just east of this station, a bellmouth splits away from the local track on both levels, and curves south. This was built into the station as a provision for the proposed Utica Avenue Line, which is why the station itself has no exits to Utica Avenue.[30] In 2015, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced his proposal for an extension of the 3 and 4 trains down Utica Avenue.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Borough of Brooklyn, New York City". Government of New York City. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  2. ^ "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). Vol. 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  3. ^ "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 2020. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  6. ^ Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York for the Year Ending December 31, 1909 Vol. 1. New York State Public Service Commission. 1910. p. 195.
  7. ^ a b "Brooklyn Joyful Over New Subway". The New York Times. May 2, 1908. p. 1.
  8. ^ "Subway to Brooklyn Opened for Traffic; First Regular Passenger Train Went Under the East River Early This Morning. Not a Hitch in the Service. Gov. Hughes and Brooklyn Officials to Join in a Formal Celebration of Event To-day". the New York Times. January 9, 1908. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  9. ^ "Brooklyn Joyful Over Its Tunnel". The New York Times. January 10, 1908. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
  10. ^ Gasparini, D. A. (February 2006). "Battery-Joralemon Street Tunnel". Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. American Society of Civil Engineers. 20 (1): 92–107. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(2006)20:1(92).[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Report of the Public Service Commission For The First District of the State of New York For The Year Ending December 31, 1908. New York State Public Service Commission. 1908.
  12. ^ "Exercises In City Hall.; Mayor Declares Subway Open -- Ovations for Parsons and McDonald". The New York Times. October 28, 1904. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  13. ^ "Brooklyn Joyful Over New Subway — Celebrates Opening of Extension with Big Parade and a Flow of Oratory — An Ode to August Belmont — Anonymous Poet Calls Him "the Brownie of the Caisson and Spade" — He Talks on Subways". The New York Times. May 2, 1908. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  14. ^ "618 Miles of Track In The Dual System; City Will Have Invested $226,000,000 When Rapid Transit Project Is Completed". The New York Times. August 3, 1913. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  15. ^ Comptroller's Monthly Report For March 1916 And From January 1, 1916 To March 31, 1916. New York City Department of Finance. 1916. p. 121.
  16. ^ "Differ Over Assessment Plans in Transit Projects: Eastern Parkway Subway and Livonia Avenue Extension the Cause of Bitter Dissension Among Property Owners Uptown" (PDF). The Daily Standard Union. March 13, 1910. Retrieved August 14, 2016 – via Fulton History.
  17. ^ "More Interborough Service for Brooklyn 2 New Lines". pudl.princeton.edu. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. August 23, 1920. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  18. ^ "Brooklyn Tube Extensions Open: I.R.T. Begins Service on Eastern Parkway and Nostrand Avenue Lines" (PDF). The New York Times. August 23, 1920. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  19. ^ "Annual Report of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company For The Year Ended June 30, 1921". HathiTrust. Interborough Rapid Transit. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  20. ^ Cunningham, Joseph; DeHart, Leonard O. (1993). A History of the New York City Subway System. J. Schmidt, R. Giglio, and K. Lang. p. 53.
  21. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (June 11, 1981). "Agency Lists Its 69 Most Deteriorated Subway Stations". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  22. ^ a b "www.nycsubway.org: New York City Subway Track Maps". www.nycsubway.org. October 9, 2015. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
  23. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Crown Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  24. ^ "Artwork: Good Morning, Good Night (Hugo Consuegra)". Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  25. ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. New York, New York: Fordham University Press. doi:10.5422/fordham/9780823253692.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-82325-369-2.
  26. ^ "1968 NYCTA Expansion Plans (Picture)". Second Avenue Sagas. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  27. ^ "MTA Program for Action". thejoekorner.com. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  28. ^ "Transit Outlook Bright in Brooklyn: First Branch Lines on Assessment Plan Likely to be Built in That Borough" (PDF). The New York Times. March 6, 1910. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  29. ^ Prial, Frank J. (October 31, 1971). "Brooklyn Bemoans Its Ancient Subways". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  30. ^ Taft, Lyman W. (October 13, 1954). "Finds Many Unused Subway Tunnels Under City Streets". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 24. Retrieved October 5, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  31. ^ Fitzsimmons, Emma G. (April 22, 2015). "Mayor de Blasio Revives Plan for a Utica Avenue Subway Line". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2019.

External links[edit]