Utkala Brahmin

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Utkala Brahmin
ଉତ୍କଳ ବ୍ରାହ୍ମଣ
Shri Shankaracharya of Puri.jpg
Priests from Utkala Brahmin community, during Yatra with Shankararcharya of Puri (center)
VarnaBrahmin
JātiUtkala
ReligionsHinduism
LanguagesOdia language
CountryIndia
Original stateOdisha
Populated statesOdisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh
RegionHinduism
Kingdom (original)Utkala Kingdom

Utkala Brahmin is also known as Utkal Brahmin is a Brahmin caste in India. Utkala Brahmins are the historical caretakers of the Jagannath Temple in Puri. Utkal Brahmins have their origins in the state of Odisha, but today they are scattered across India speaking many local languages. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gauda Brahmin communities that originally resided to the north of the Vindhyas, and represent around 12% of Odia population.[1][2]

Divisions[edit]

Traditional dress of a utkala brahmin Priest in Puri, Orissa in 1928

The Utkala Brahmin community is divided into various class, social, and religious strata. Though these divisions were very important in the previous eras, especially during medieval age in regards to temple authorities or social respect among other communities; today, these divisions have become generally blurred. Generally, the community is split into two major subcastes, Strotiya, and Asrotiya (Sevaka) Brahmins, along with their various subcaste within these two main divisions. [3]

Srotiya Utkala Brahmins[edit]

Brahmins in both these sub-classes are eligible to perform Vedic rites in temples and pujas and generally consisted of the Brahmin population in the ancient times. They used to not intermarry. The following are:

  1. Dakshinatya Brahmins from regions nearby Puri[4]
  2. Jajpuri Brahmins, who come from the Jajpur (Cuttack) area. [4]

Surnames[edit]

The Utkala Brahmins generally have the following surnames: Acharya, Bishi, Chaturvedi, Dash, Dash Sharma, Dikshit (Dixit), Debta (Devta), Gantayat, Kar, Mishra, Nath, Choudhury, Sahu, Sahoo, Dyansamantray, Panigrahy, Pal, Palo, Bhatta Mishra, Guru, Rajguru, Rayguru, Pani, Panigrahi, Mohapatra, Patra, Nayak, Panda, Rath, Rath Sharma, Behera(from Samabalpur and Kalahandi -mostly Behera from Western Odisha are Brahmins),Satpathy, Pani, Padhi, Vedi, Dwivedi, Trivedi, Sarangi, Pattajoshi, Joshi, Panda, Bada Panda, Puja Panda, Nanda, Purohit, Pujari, Pathi, Nepak, Devasharma, Tripathy, Praharaj, Padhi, Udgata, Hota, Otta, Bahinipati, and Sabata.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. Rosen. pp. 490–491. ISBN 9780823931804.
  2. ^ D. Shyam Babu and Ravindra S. Khare, ed. (2011). Caste in Life: Experiencing Inequalities. Pearson Education India. p. 168. ISBN 9788131754399.
  3. ^ "The Sampradaya Sun - Independent Vaisnava News - Feature Stories - January 2010". www.harekrsna.com.
  4. ^ a b Bhattacharya, jogendra Nath (19 December 1896). "Hindu Castes And Sects" – via Internet Archive.
  5. ^ "The Sampradaya Sun - Independent Vaisnava News - Feature Stories - January 2010". www.harekrsna.com. Retrieved 11 March 2019.

See also[edit]