Utpaladeva

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Utpaladeva (ca. AD 900–950) was one of the great teachers of the philosophy of Kashmir Shaivism.

Utpaladeva, an influential philosopher-theologian of the Pratyabhijna school of Tantric Shaivism composed the Īśvara-pratyabhijñā-kārikās, or 'Stanzas on the Recognition of [Oneself as] the Lord' and the Garland of Hymns to Śiva (Śiva-stotrāvalī).

Utpala’s disciple was Lakṣmaṇa Gupta, a teacher of Abhinavagupta.

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