Uttar Pradesh Police
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|Uttar Pradesh Police|
|Common name||UP Police|
|Motto||Maintain Law and order|
|Operations jurisdiction||Uttar Pradesh, I|
|Jurisdiction of Uttar Pradesh|
|Governing body||Department of Home (Uttar Pradesh)|
|Headquarters||Police Headquarters (Signature Building)|
|Sworn members||1,368 (406 IPS officers and 963 PPS officers)|
The Uttar Pradesh Police (IAST: Uttara Pradeśa Pulisa), often abbreviated as UP Police, is the law enforcement agency of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh headquartered in Lucknow. The Uttar Pradesh Police is headed by a director general of police (DGP) ranked IPS officer. The current DG of Uttar Pradesh Police is Om Prakash Singh.
It was formed in 1863 as the Office of the Inspector General of Police, United Provinces under the Police Act, 1861. Uttar Pradesh police is governed by the Department of Home and Confidential of Uttar Pradesh.
UP Police is the first Indian state police agency to have a highway patrol, the UP Highway Police (UPHP).
The first DGP of Uttar Pradesh was Mahendra Singh. He was also the Inspector general of police from 12 March 1980 to 23 February 1981.
The present police system was created following the recommendation of the Shubham saroj s/o Mr.Prem chandra saroj headed by H.M. Court in 1860 and was enacted as Police Act of 1861. H.M. Court became the first inspector general of police of the then North West Province and Avadh which comprised the territory of the present state of Uttar Pradesh. Since then many amendments in Police Act of 1861 have happened which has shaped the current institution and structure of police in the state.
A Director General of Police (DGP) heads the state police. He is assisted by many police officers. State police headquarters is situated in Lucknow.
For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of Uttar Pradesh is divided into 8 police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of additional director general of police who is an officer of the Indian police Service. Each police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 police ranges. The following is the list of the police zones.
There are a total of 18 police ranges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of either inspector general of police or deputy inspector general of police. Each police range is constituted by around 2 to 4 districts.
There are totally 75 police districts in the state. In each district (except Lucknow (city) and Gautambuddha Nagar), the head of the police is the SP or SSP. In discharge of his duties he is assisted by Superintendent of Police (SP), Deputy Superintendent of Police (Deputy SP) or Assistant Superintendent of Police who may either be the officers of the Provincial Police Service or Indian Police Service. The number of SPs and Deputy SPs varies with the size, population, police work or nature of police work in different districts. The number of SPs and Dy.SPs in districts like Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabad is considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandauli the number of the PPS officers is relatively lesser.
Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the police force in the district is the senior superintendent of police (SSP)/superintendent of police (SP), who is always an officer of the Indian police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the district magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The police district is further subdivided into police sub-divisions or police circles. A police circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police or Assistant Superintendent of Police. The officer heading the police circle/sub-division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A police circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 police stations. Each police station is headed by a police inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh and other states, especially in North India, there is a main police station in the older/ main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwali covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't grown in size so much, the Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a police station is designated as or called as the station officer (S.O.) or station house officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various sub-inspectors, head-constables, constables. There are also a number of police chowkis that come under the police station. A police chowki is under the charge of a sub-inspector of police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.
The commissionerate system has only been implemented in the cities of Lucknow and Gautambuddha Nagar (former Noida). In the commissionerate system, the Commissioner of Police (CP) in the rank of Additional Director General of Police (ADG) heads the district. In Lucknow, the CP is assisted by 2 Joint Commissioners of Police (JCPs) in the rank of IG and in Noida, the commissioner is assisted by 2 Additional Commissioners (Addl. CPs) in the rank of DIG. They administer two branches :-
1. Law and order
2. Crime & Headquarters
DCP Mahila Apradh, DCP Crime and DCP HQ work under the Addl.CP/JCP Crime & HQ. The law and order branch is further divided into traffic, protocol etc. and the district admininstrative branch of L&O is further divided into zones, each headed by 2 Deputy Commissioners of Police (DCPs) in the rank of SP. One DCP's rank insignia is the state emblem above one star, who is senior to the other DCP, whose insignia is one state emblem only. The zones are subdivided into divisions, which are headed by Assistant Commissioners of Police (ACPs) in the rank of Dy.SP and ASP. The ACPs have the power of magistrates. In the commissionerate system, the commissioner is very powerful. He/she can implement section 144 and curfews. Many more rights have been given to the CPs. All officers can take independent decisions in the commissionerate system.
- Director General of Police (DGP)
- Special Director General of Police (SDG)
- Additional Director General of Police (ADG) or Commissioner of Police (CP)
- Inspector General of Police (IG) or Joint Commissioner of Police (JCP)
- Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) or Additional Commissioner of Police (Addl. CP)
- Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) or Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection Grade) (SDCP)
- Superintendent of Police (SP) or Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)
- Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) (IPS) or Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) (PPS) or Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP)
- Inspector of Police
- Sub-Inspector of Police
- Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police
- Head Constable
- Senior Constable
List of Uttar Pradesh Police chiefs
|Directors General of Police (DGP)|
|56||Om Prakash Singh||1 Jan 2018||Incumbent|
|55||Sulkhan Singh||22 Apr 2017||31 Dec 2017|
|54||S. Javeed Ahmad||1 Jan 2016||22 Apr 2017|
|53||Jagmohan Yadav||1 Jul 2015||31 Dec 2015|
|52||Arvind Kumar Jain||31 Jan 2015||30 Jun 2015|
|51||Arun Kumar Gupta||1 Jan 2015||31 Jan 2015|
|50||Anand Kumar Baneerjee||28 Feb 2014||31 Dec 2014|
|49||Rizwan Ahmed||1 Jan 2014||28 Feb 2014|
|48||Deo Raj Nagar||12 Apr 2013||31 Dec 2013|
|47||AC Sharma||19 Mar 2012||12 Apr 2013|
|46||Atul||8 Jan 2012||19 Mar 2012|
|45||Brij Lal||30 Sep 2011||8 Jan 2012|
|44||RK Tiwari||31 Aug 2011||30 Sep 2011|
|43||Karamvir Singh||23 Sep 2009||31 Aug 2011|
|42||Vikram Singh||23 Jun 2007||23 Sep 2009|
|41||GL Sharma||15 Mar 2007||23 Jun 2007|
|40||Bua Singh||3 Apr 2006||14 Mar 2007|
|39||Yashpal Singh||11 Jan 2005||03 Apr 2006|
|38||V. K. B. Nair||28 Jun 2003||11 Jan 2005|
|37||Hakam Singh||20 Mar 2003||28 Jun 2003|
|36||RM Shukla||20 Jul 2002||20 Mar 2003|
|35||RK Pandit||31 Jul 2001||20 Jul 2002|
|34||MC Dwivedi||31 Jul 2000||31 Jul 2001|
|Shri Ram Arun||23 Dec 1999||31 Jul 2000|
|33||KL Gupta||2 Apr 1998||23 Dec 1999|
|32||Shri Ram Arun||3 May 1997||2 Apr 1998|
|31||Haridas||24 Nov 1996||3 May 1997|
|30||SNP Sinha||4 Jul 1996||24 Nov 1996|
|VS Mathur||31 Mar 1996||4 Jul 1996|
|29||Girish Bihari||12 Aug 1995||31 Mar 1996|
|28||VS Mathur||30 Sep 1994||12 Aug 1995|
|27||SB Rai||8 Jun 1993||30 Sep 1994|
|Prakash Singh||23 Dec 1992||8 Jun 1993|
|26||Sabhajeet Rai||30 Sep 1992||23 Dec 1992|
|25||Prakash Singh||22 Jul 1991||30 Sep 1992|
|24||VK Jain||31 Dec 1990||22 Jul 1991|
|23||RP Mathur||30 Dec 1989||31 Dec 1990|
|22||RP Joshi||31 Jul 1989||30 Dec 1989|
|21||Harimohan||31 Dec 1988||31 Jul 1989|
|20||RN Gupta||8 Jun 1987||31 Dec 1988|
|19||DS Bhatnagar||31 Mar 1987||8 Jun 1987|
|18||PC Kakkar||1 Jan 1987||31 Mar 1987|
|17||DK Agarwal||17 Sep 1985||31 Dec 1986|
|16||JN Chaturvedi||1 Apr 1984||17 Sep 1985|
|15||S. C. Dixit||25 Jul 1982||31 Mar 1984|
|Naresh Kumar||5 Mar 1982||24 Jul 1982|
|Inspector Generals of Police|
|14||Naresh Kumar||24 Feb 1981||4 Mar 1982|
|13||Mahendra Singh||12 Mar 1980||23 Feb 1981|
|12||Lal Singh Verma||5 Jul 1977||11 Mar 1980|
|11||Sarvan Tandon||27 Mar 1976||4 Jul 1977|
|10||Govind Chandra||16 May 1975||26 Mar 1976|
|09||HK Kherr||1 Dec 1973||15 May 1975|
|08||AK Dass||5 Nov 1971||30 Nov 1973|
|07||Islam Ahmad||18 May 1971||4 Nov 1971|
|06||NS Saxena||20 Feb 1970||17 May 1971|
|05||Jiyaram||10 Apr 1967||19 Feb 1970|
|04||Shanti Prasad||17 Feb 1961||9 Apr 1967|
|03||MS Mathur||1 Apr 1954||16 Feb 1961|
|02||TP Bhalla||13 Jan 1953||31 Mar 1954|
|01||BN Lahari||27 Oct 1947||12 Jan 1953|
|11||SG Pearce||1 December 1946||26 October 1947|
|10||P Meabsure||28 June 1945||30 November 1946|
|10||MA Inglis||6 July 1940||26 June 1945|
|9||RA Horton||7 November 1937||5 July 1940|
|8||AH Phillips||15 March 1937||6 November 1937|
|7||RA Horton||16 June 1935||18 February 1937|
|5||ST Holling||7 April 1934||15 June 1935|
|6||HR Roe||5 November 1933||6 April 1934|
|5||ST Holling||27 April 1931||4 November 1933|
|RJS Dodd||5 November 1928||25 March 1931|
|4||AH Williamson||3 May 1928||4 November 1928|
|3||RJS Dodd||7 November 1925||2 May 1928|
|2||AD Ashdown||1 October 1923||6 November 1925|
|1||LM Kaye||23 February 1919||30 September 1923|
The various units/wings of the UP police are:
- Training Directorate
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
- Special Enquiry Cell
- Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)
- Human Rights Cell (HRC)
- Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)
- Intelligence Department (ID)
- Economic Offences Wing (EOW)
- Crime Cell
- Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT)
- Technical Services
- Government Railway police (GRP)
- Dial 112 Service
- Special Task Force (STF)
- Uttar Pradesh Fire Service
- Traffic Directorate
- Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) (State paramilitary force)
- Special investigation team (SIT)
- Radio Headquarter of police
- Law and Order Cell
- Control Room (Works under the L&O cell, however, the officers in the L&O cell and control room are different till SP rank)
- Uttar Pradesh Homeguard
- State Disaster Response Force (SDRF)
Zones, ranges and districts
|#||Zone||Headed by||#||Ranges||Headed by||#||Districts||Headed by|
|1||Lucknow zone||ADGP Zone||1||Lucknow||IG Range||1||Lucknow||Commissioner (City) (not headed by IG range or ADG zone)/SP (Rural Areas)|
|2||Faizabad(officially Ayodhya)||DIG Range||1||Faizabad||SSP|
|2||Bareilly zone||ADGP zone||1||Bareilly||IG Range||1||Bareilly||SSP|
|2||Jyotiba Phule Nagar||SP|
|3||Meerut zone||ADGP zone||1||Meerut||IG Range||1||Meerut||SSP|
|5||Gautam Budh Nagar||Commissioner (not headed by IG range or ADG zone)|
|4||Agra zone||ADGP zone||1||Agra||IG Range||1||Agra||SSP|
|4||Kanshi Ram Nagar (Kasganj)||SP|
|5||Kanpur zone||ADGP zone||1||Kanpur||IG Range||1||Kanpur Nagar||SSP|
|6||Prayagraj zone||ADGP zone||1||Prayagraj||IG Range||1||Prayagraj||SSP|
|2||Chitrakoot (Banda)||DIG Range||1||Chitrakoot||SP|
|7||Varanasi zone||ADGP zone||1||Varanasi||IG Range||1||Varanasi||SSP|
|8||Gorakhpur zone||ADGP zone||1||Gorakhpur||IG Range||1||Gorakhpur||SSP|
|3||Devipatan (Gonda)||DIG Range||1||Gonda||SP|
|Total zones 8||Total ranges 18||Total districts 75|
Most of the weapons in service with the Uttar Pradesh Police are locally produced by the Indian ordnance factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, the police also inducts various weapons imported by the Ministry of Home Affairs as part of modernisation plans.
Weapons of the UP Police also include:
- Baton Wooden standard issue weapons
- IOF.32 Service revolver currently being phased out as standard issue sidearm
- Pistol Auto 9mm 1A 9×19mm Parabellum Standard Issue sidearm as service weapons to inspectors and higher ranks as well as to selected constables
- Glock 17 9×19mm Parabellum
- Sten Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum mostly replaced by 9mm SAF Carbine 1A1
- SAF Carbine 1A1 9×19mm Parabellum
- Heckler & Koch MP5 9×19mm Parabellum
- Short Magazine Lee–Enfield Mk III rifle .303 British
- Ishapore 2A1 Rifle 7.62×51mm NATO
- 1A Self Loading Rifle 7.62×51mm NATO
- AK 47 7.62×39mm M43
- INSAS Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO
- OFB LMG 7.62×51mm NATO L4A1 variant
- Amogh carbine 5.56×30mm MINSAS
Social Media Command and Research Center
A social media command and research center has been established in Meerut. The center monitors trends in social media that can have an impact on law & order situation and advises concerned district and range police chiefs.
- "LIST OF INDIAN POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "LIST OF PROVINCIAL POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "Nominal Roll System - Uttar Pradesh Police". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 6 September 2017.[dead link]
- "The Police Act, 1861" (PDF). Uttar Pradesh Police. 22 March 1861. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "Former UP Police Chiefs". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "DGP-UP-Archive". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 2". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 3". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 4". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "DGP U.P. Archive 5". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- Khullar, Vatsal (7 February 2019). "Uttar Pradesh Budget Analysis 2019-20" (PDF). PRS Legislative Research. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- "Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India for the year ended 31 March 2016 on Performance Audit of Modernisation and Strengthening of Police Forces" (PDF). Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Government of Uttar Pradesh. pp. 15–16. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "CAG paints grim picture of UP police functioning". The Economic Times. Allahabad. Press Trust of India. 27 July 2014. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "CAG raps Uttar Pradesh govt over rise in crimes against women". Hindustan Times. HT Correspondent. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "Meerut gets 2nd social media lab in country after Mumbai - TOI Mobile | The Times of India Mobile Site". m.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
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