Uttar Pradesh Police

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Uttar Pradesh Police
उत्तर प्रदेश
Upplogo.png
Common nameUP Police
AbbreviationU.P.P.
MottoMaintain Law and order
Agency overview
Formed1863
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionUttar Pradesh, I
India Uttar Pradesh locator map.svg
Jurisdiction of Uttar Pradesh
Governing bodyDepartment of Home (Uttar Pradesh)
Constituting instrument
General nature
HeadquartersPolice Headquarters (Signature Building)
Sworn members1,368 (406 IPS officers and 963 PPS officers)[1][2]
Unsworn members2,31,443[3]
Website
Official Website

The Uttar Pradesh Police (IAST: Uttara Pradeśa Pulisa), often abbreviated as UP Police, is the law enforcement agency of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh headquartered in Lucknow. The Uttar Pradesh Police is headed by a director general of police (DGP) ranked IPS officer. The current DG of Uttar Pradesh Police is Om Prakash Singh.

It was formed in 1863 as the Office of the Inspector General of Police, United Provinces under the Police Act, 1861.[4] Uttar Pradesh police is governed by the Department of Home and Confidential of Uttar Pradesh.

UP Police is the first Indian state police agency to have a highway patrol, the UP Highway Police (UPHP).[5]

The first DGP of Uttar Pradesh was Mahendra Singh. He was also the Inspector general of police from 12 March 1980 to 23 February 1981.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The present police system was created following the recommendation of the Shubham saroj s/o Mr.Prem chandra saroj headed by H.M. Court in 1860 and was enacted as Police Act of 1861. H.M. Court became the first inspector general of police of the then North West Province and Avadh which comprised the territory of the present state of Uttar Pradesh. Since then many amendments in Police Act of 1861 have happened which has shaped the current institution and structure of police in the state.

Organisation[edit]

A constable Civil police of UP police
Rajesultanpur Kotwaali.

A Director General of Police (DGP) heads the state police. He is assisted by many police officers. State police headquarters is situated in Lucknow.

Non-commissionerate system

For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of Uttar Pradesh is divided into 8 police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of additional director general of police who is an officer of the Indian police Service. Each police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 police ranges. The following is the list of the police zones.

There are a total of 18 police ranges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of either inspector general of police or deputy inspector general of police. Each police range is constituted by around 2 to 4 districts.

There are totally 75 police districts in the state. In each district (except Lucknow (city) and Gautambuddha Nagar), the head of the police is the SP or SSP. In discharge of his duties he is assisted by Superintendent of Police (SP), Deputy Superintendent of Police (Deputy SP) or Assistant Superintendent of Police who may either be the officers of the Provincial Police Service or Indian Police Service. The number of SPs and Deputy SPs varies with the size, population, police work or nature of police work in different districts. The number of SPs and Dy.SPs in districts like Lucknow, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabad is considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandauli the number of the PPS officers is relatively lesser.

Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the police force in the district is the senior superintendent of police (SSP)/superintendent of police (SP), who is always an officer of the Indian police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the district magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The police district is further subdivided into police sub-divisions or police circles. A police circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police or Assistant Superintendent of Police. The officer heading the police circle/sub-division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A police circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 police stations. Each police station is headed by a police inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh and other states, especially in North India, there is a main police station in the older/ main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwali covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't grown in size so much, the Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a police station is designated as or called as the station officer (S.O.) or station house officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various sub-inspectors, head-constables, constables. There are also a number of police chowkis that come under the police station. A police chowki is under the charge of a sub-inspector of police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.

Commissionerate System

The commissionerate system has only been implemented in the cities of Lucknow and Gautambuddha Nagar (former Noida). In the commissionerate system, the Commissioner of Police (CP) in the rank of Additional Director General of Police (ADG) heads the district. In Lucknow, the CP is assisted by 2 Joint Commissioners of Police (JCPs) in the rank of IG and in Noida, the commissioner is assisted by 2 Additional Commissioners (Addl. CPs) in the rank of DIG. They administer two branches :-

1. Law and order

2. Crime & Headquarters

DCP Mahila Apradh, DCP Crime and DCP HQ work under the Addl.CP/JCP Crime & HQ. The law and order branch is further divided into traffic, protocol etc. and the district admininstrative branch of L&O is further divided into zones, each headed by 2 Deputy Commissioners of Police (DCPs) in the rank of SP. One DCP's rank insignia is the state emblem above one star, who is senior to the other DCP, whose insignia is one state emblem only. The zones are subdivided into divisions, which are headed by Assistant Commissioners of Police (ACPs) in the rank of Dy.SP and ASP. The ACPs have the power of magistrates. In the commissionerate system, the commissioner is very powerful. He/she can implement section 144 and curfews. Many more rights have been given to the CPs. All officers can take independent decisions in the commissionerate system.

Hierarchy[edit]

Gazetted Officers

  • Director General of Police (DGP)
  • Special Director General of Police (SDG)
  • Additional Director General of Police (ADG) or Commissioner of Police (CP)
  • Inspector General of Police (IG) or Joint Commissioner of Police (JCP)
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) or Additional Commissioner of Police (Addl. CP)
  • Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) or Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection Grade) (SDCP)
  • Superintendent of Police (SP) or Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) (IPS) or Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) (PPS) or Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP)

Non-gazetted officers

  • Inspector of Police
  • Sub-Inspector of Police
  • Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police
  • Head Constable
  • Senior Constable
  • Constable

List of Uttar Pradesh Police chiefs[edit]

List of Directors General/inspectors general of Uttar Pradesh Police post-independence[6][7][8][9][10][11]
No. Name From To
Directors General of Police (DGP)[12][7][8][9]
56 Om Prakash Singh 1 Jan 2018 Incumbent
55 Sulkhan Singh 22 Apr 2017 31 Dec 2017
54 S. Javeed Ahmad 1 Jan 2016 22 Apr 2017
53 Jagmohan Yadav 1 Jul 2015 31 Dec 2015
52 Arvind Kumar Jain 31 Jan 2015 30 Jun 2015
51 Arun Kumar Gupta 1 Jan 2015 31 Jan 2015
50 Anand Kumar Baneerjee 28 Feb 2014 31 Dec 2014
49 Rizwan Ahmed 1 Jan 2014 28 Feb 2014
48 Deo Raj Nagar 12 Apr 2013 31 Dec 2013
47 AC Sharma 19 Mar 2012 12 Apr 2013
46 Atul 8 Jan 2012 19 Mar 2012
45 Brij Lal 30 Sep 2011 8 Jan 2012
44 RK Tiwari 31 Aug 2011 30 Sep 2011
43 Karamvir Singh 23 Sep 2009 31 Aug 2011
42 Vikram Singh 23 Jun 2007 23 Sep 2009
41 GL Sharma 15 Mar 2007 23 Jun 2007
40 Bua Singh 3 Apr 2006 14 Mar 2007
39 Yashpal Singh 11 Jan 2005 03 Apr 2006
38 V. K. B. Nair 28 Jun 2003 11 Jan 2005
37 Hakam Singh 20 Mar 2003 28 Jun 2003
36 RM Shukla 20 Jul 2002 20 Mar 2003
35 RK Pandit 31 Jul 2001 20 Jul 2002
34 MC Dwivedi 31 Jul 2000 31 Jul 2001
Shri Ram Arun 23 Dec 1999 31 Jul 2000
33 KL Gupta 2 Apr 1998 23 Dec 1999
32 Shri Ram Arun 3 May 1997 2 Apr 1998
31 Haridas 24 Nov 1996 3 May 1997
30 SNP Sinha 4 Jul 1996 24 Nov 1996
VS Mathur 31 Mar 1996 4 Jul 1996
29 Girish Bihari 12 Aug 1995 31 Mar 1996
28 VS Mathur 30 Sep 1994 12 Aug 1995
27 SB Rai 8 Jun 1993 30 Sep 1994
Prakash Singh 23 Dec 1992 8 Jun 1993
26 Sabhajeet Rai 30 Sep 1992 23 Dec 1992
25 Prakash Singh 22 Jul 1991 30 Sep 1992
24 VK Jain 31 Dec 1990 22 Jul 1991
23 RP Mathur 30 Dec 1989 31 Dec 1990
22 RP Joshi 31 Jul 1989 30 Dec 1989
21 Harimohan 31 Dec 1988 31 Jul 1989
20 RN Gupta 8 Jun 1987 31 Dec 1988
19 DS Bhatnagar 31 Mar 1987 8 Jun 1987
18 PC Kakkar 1 Jan 1987 31 Mar 1987
17 DK Agarwal 17 Sep 1985 31 Dec 1986
16 JN Chaturvedi 1 Apr 1984 17 Sep 1985
15 S. C. Dixit 25 Jul 1982 31 Mar 1984
Naresh Kumar 5 Mar 1982 24 Jul 1982
Inspector Generals of Police[9][10][11]
14 Naresh Kumar 24 Feb 1981 4 Mar 1982
13 Mahendra Singh 12 Mar 1980 23 Feb 1981
12 Lal Singh Verma 5 Jul 1977 11 Mar 1980
11 Sarvan Tandon 27 Mar 1976 4 Jul 1977
10 Govind Chandra 16 May 1975 26 Mar 1976
09 HK Kherr 1 Dec 1973 15 May 1975
08 AK Dass 5 Nov 1971 30 Nov 1973
07 Islam Ahmad 18 May 1971 4 Nov 1971
06 NS Saxena 20 Feb 1970 17 May 1971
05 Jiyaram 10 Apr 1967 19 Feb 1970
04 Shanti Prasad 17 Feb 1961 9 Apr 1967
03 MS Mathur 1 Apr 1954 16 Feb 1961
02 TP Bhalla 13 Jan 1953 31 Mar 1954
01 BN Lahari 27 Oct 1947 12 Jan 1953
List of Inspector Generals of Uttar Pradesh Police before Independence[11]
No. Name From To
11 SG Pearce 1 December 1946 26 October 1947
10 P Meabsure 28 June 1945 30 November 1946
10 MA Inglis 6 July 1940 26 June 1945
9 RA Horton 7 November 1937 5 July 1940
8 AH Phillips 15 March 1937 6 November 1937
7 RA Horton 16 June 1935 18 February 1937
5 ST Holling 7 April 1934 15 June 1935
6 HR Roe 5 November 1933 6 April 1934
5 ST Holling 27 April 1931 4 November 1933
RJS Dodd 5 November 1928 25 March 1931
4 AH Williamson 3 May 1928 4 November 1928
3 RJS Dodd 7 November 1925 2 May 1928
2 AD Ashdown 1 October 1923 6 November 1925
1 LM Kaye 23 February 1919 30 September 1923

Unit/wings[edit]

The various units/wings of the UP police are:

  1. Training Directorate
  2. Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  3. Special Enquiry Cell
  4. Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)
  5. Human Rights Cell (HRC)
  6. Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)
  7. Intelligence Department (ID)
  8. Economic Offences Wing (EOW)
  9. Crime Cell
  10. Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT)
  11. Technical Services
  12. Government Railway police (GRP)
  13. Dial 112 Service
  14. Special Task Force (STF)
  15. Uttar Pradesh Fire Service
  16. Traffic Directorate
  17. Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) (State paramilitary force)
  18. Special investigation team (SIT)
  19. Radio Headquarter of police
  20. Law and Order Cell
  21. Control Room (Works under the L&O cell, however, the officers in the L&O cell and control room are different till SP rank)
  22. Uttar Pradesh Homeguard
  23. State Disaster Response Force (SDRF)

Zones, ranges and districts[edit]

Police Zones of Uttar Pradesh
Police Ranges of Uttar Pradesh
List of the police zones, ranges and districts falling under them
# Zone Headed by # Ranges Headed by # Districts Headed by
1 Lucknow zone ADGP Zone 1 Lucknow IG Range 1 Lucknow Commissioner (City) (not headed by IG range or ADG zone)/SP (Rural Areas)
2 Unnao SP
3 Sitapur SP
4 Hardoi SP
5 Rae Bareli SP
6 Kheri SP
2 Faizabad(officially Ayodhya) DIG Range 1 Faizabad SSP
2 Barabanki SP
3 Sultanpur SP
4 Ambedkar Nagar SP
5 Amethi SP
2 Bareilly zone ADGP zone 1 Bareilly IG Range 1 Bareilly SSP
2 Shahjahanpur SP
3 Pilibhit SP
4 Badayun SSP
2 Moradabad DIG Range 1 Moradabad SSP
2 Jyotiba Phule Nagar SP
3 Rampur SP
4 Bijnor SP
5 Sambhal SP
3 Meerut zone ADGP zone 1 Meerut IG Range 1 Meerut SSP
2 Baghpat SP
3 Ghaziabad SSP
4 Bulandshahr SSP
5 Gautam Budh Nagar Commissioner (not headed by IG range or ADG zone)
6 Hapur SP
2 Saharanpur DIG Range 1 Saharanpur SSP
2 Muzaffarnagar SSP
3 Shamli SP
4 Agra zone ADGP zone 1 Agra IG Range 1 Agra SSP
2 Mathura SSP
3 Firozabad SP
4 Mainpuri SP
2 Aligarh DIG Range 1 Aligarh SSP
2 Hathras SP
3 Etah SSP
4 Kanshi Ram Nagar (Kasganj) SP
5 Kanpur zone ADGP zone 1 Kanpur IG Range 1 Kanpur Nagar SSP
2 Kanpur Dehat SP
3 Auraiya SP
4 Kannauj SP
5 Farrukhabad SP
6 Etawah SSP
2 Jhansi DIG Range 1 Jhansi SSP
2 Jalaun (Orai) SP
3 SP
6 Prayagraj zone ADGP zone 1 Prayagraj IG Range 1 Prayagraj SSP
2 Kaushambi SP
3 Pratapgarh SP
4 Fatehpur SP
2 Chitrakoot (Banda) DIG Range 1 Chitrakoot SP
2 Hamirpur SP
3 Banda SP
4 Mahoba SP
7 Varanasi zone ADGP zone 1 Varanasi IG Range 1 Varanasi SSP
2 Chandauli SP
3 Jaunpur SP
4 Ghazipur SP
2 Mirzapur DIG Range 1 Mirzapur SP
2 Bhadohi SP
3 Sonbhadra SP
3 Azamgarh DIG Range 1 Azamgarh SP
2 Mau SP
3 Ballia SP
8 Gorakhpur zone ADGP zone 1 Gorakhpur IG Range 1 Gorakhpur SSP
2 Maharajganj SP
3 Kushinagar SP
4 Deoria SP
2 1 SP
2 SP
3
3 Devipatan (Gonda) DIG Range 1 Gonda SP
2 Balrampur SP
3 Shravasti SP
4 Bahraich SP
Total zones 8 Total ranges 18 Total districts 75

Equipment[edit]

Most of the weapons in service with the Uttar Pradesh Police are locally produced by the Indian ordnance factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, the police also inducts various weapons imported by the Ministry of Home Affairs as part of modernisation plans.

As per the 2017 audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Uttar Pradesh Police has a shortage of 45,047 handguns and an excess of 56,298 rifles.[13][14][15]

48%, 58,853, of the 1.22 lakh (122,000) rifles available to the state police are of point-303 bore category, which was rendered obsolete by the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1995.[13][14][15]

Weapons of the UP Police also include:

Social Media Command and Research Center[edit]

A social media command and research center has been established in Meerut. The center monitors trends in social media that can have an impact on law & order situation and advises concerned district and range police chiefs.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LIST OF INDIAN POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  2. ^ "LIST OF PROVINCIAL POLICE SERVICE OFFICER IN UTTAR PRADESH CADRE". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Nominal Roll System - Uttar Pradesh Police". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 6 September 2017.[dead link]
  4. ^ "The Police Act, 1861" (PDF). Uttar Pradesh Police. 22 March 1861. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  5. ^ https://www.hindustantimes.com/india/up-to-have-country-s-1st-highway-patrol-force/story-Y3dlDzMduZc1eS0okPlNFP.html
  6. ^ "Former UP Police Chiefs". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  7. ^ a b "DGP-UP-Archive". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  8. ^ a b "DGP U.P. Archive 2". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "DGP U.P. Archive 3". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  10. ^ a b "DGP U.P. Archive 4". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  11. ^ a b c "DGP U.P. Archive 5". Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  12. ^ Khullar, Vatsal (7 February 2019). "Uttar Pradesh Budget Analysis 2019-20" (PDF). PRS Legislative Research. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India for the year ended 31 March 2016 on Performance Audit of Modernisation and Strengthening of Police Forces" (PDF). Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Government of Uttar Pradesh. pp. 15–16. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  14. ^ a b "CAG paints grim picture of UP police functioning". The Economic Times. Allahabad. Press Trust of India. 27 July 2014. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  15. ^ a b "CAG raps Uttar Pradesh govt over rise in crimes against women". Hindustan Times. HT Correspondent. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Meerut gets 2nd social media lab in country after Mumbai - TOI Mobile | The Times of India Mobile Site". m.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.

External links[edit]