Uttaradit

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Uttaradit
อุตรดิตถ์
Provincial Capital City
Nan River
Nan River in Uttraradit
Uttaradit is located in Thailand
Uttaradit
Uttaradit
Coordinates: 17°37′23″N 100°5′45″E / 17.62306°N 100.09583°E / 17.62306; 100.09583Coordinates: 17°37′23″N 100°5′45″E / 17.62306°N 100.09583°E / 17.62306; 100.09583
Country Thailand
Province Uttaradit Province
Elevation 64 m (210 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 36,313
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)

The original name of Mueang district, Uttaradit, was Bang Pho. This district was under the control of Phi Chai District. Later, it was established as Uttaradit Province and Bang Pho District became the capital district. It was changed to mueang district recently. The district is the seat of government and the center of economic activity of Uttaradit Province. Uttaradit is 483 km north of Bangkok.[1]

Geography[edit]

The district is surrounded by the following districts:

  • North – Den Chai District (Phrae Province) and Tah Pla District.
  • East – Tah Pla and Thong San Khan Districts.
  • South – Thong San Khan and Tron Districts.
  • West – Lab Lae District.

History[edit]

In the past, Mueang District was called "Bang Pho Tah It". It grew rapidly due to its harbor. King Rama V ordered the capital moved from Phi Chai District to Muang District. Next, in the reign of King Rama VI, the king ordered the incorporation of Mueang District into Uttaradit Province.

Local administration[edit]

Mueang Uttaradit District has 18 sub-districts:

  • Mueang Uttaradit municipality includes all of Tah It District.
  • Baan Dhan Nah Kham municipality includes some of Baan Dhan Na Kham District.
  • Wang Ka Phee municipality includes all of Wang Ka Phee District.
  • Baan Koh municipality includes all of Baan Koh District.
  • Pha Juk municipality includes all of Pha Juk District.
  • Kung Ta Phao municipality includes all of Kung Ta Phao District.
  • Nam Rit municipality includes all of Nam Rit District.
  • Hard Kruad municipality includes all of Hard Kruad District.
  • Pha Sao municipality includes all of Pha Sao District.
  • Ngiew Ngam municipality includes all of Nigew Ngam District.
  • Baan Dhan Na Kham sub-municipality includes all outside Baan Dhan Na Kham District.
  • Wang Din sub-municipality includes all of Wang Din sub-district.
  • San Tor sub-municipality includes all of San Tor sub-district.
  • Hard Ngiew sub-municipality includes all of Hard Ngiew sub-district.
  • Khun Fang sub-municipality includes a of Khun Fang sub-district.
  • Tum Chalang sub-municipality includes all of Tum Chang sub-district.
  • Tar Sao municipality includes all of Tar Sao District.

Climate[edit]

Uttaradit used to hold the record for the highest temperature ever recorded in Thailand: 44.5 °C (112.1 °F) observed at Uttaradit on 27 April 1960.[2] This was broken when temperatures in Mae Hong Son reached 44.6 °C (112.3 °F) on 28 April 2016.[3]

Uttaradit has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is very hot with an average daily maximum of 38.2 °C (100.8 °F). The monsoon season runs from May through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Uttaradit (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.1
(98.8)
39.3
(102.7)
40.8
(105.4)
42.4
(108.3)
44.5
(112.1)
41.6
(106.9)
38.0
(100.4)
37.9
(100.2)
37.1
(98.8)
36.8
(98.2)
37.3
(99.1)
35.9
(96.6)
44.5
(112.1)
Average high °C (°F) 32.2
(90)
34.5
(94.1)
36.5
(97.7)
37.9
(100.2)
35.9
(96.6)
34.2
(93.6)
33.3
(91.9)
32.9
(91.2)
33.3
(91.9)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.1
(88)
34.0
(93.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
26.1
(79)
28.7
(83.7)
30.8
(87.4)
29.8
(85.6)
28.9
(84)
28.4
(83.1)
28.0
(82.4)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
25.9
(78.6)
23.7
(74.7)
27.5
(81.5)
Average low °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
19.4
(66.9)
22.1
(71.8)
24.7
(76.5)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
21.0
(69.8)
18.0
(64.4)
22.5
(72.5)
Record low °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
11.8
(53.2)
13.7
(56.7)
19.1
(66.4)
20.0
(68)
22.4
(72.3)
21.4
(70.5)
21.8
(71.2)
20.6
(69.1)
16.3
(61.3)
11.6
(52.9)
8.2
(46.8)
8.2
(46.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 5.5
(0.217)
14.5
(0.571)
23.4
(0.921)
71.0
(2.795)
230.0
(9.055)
206.4
(8.126)
166.4
(6.551)
263.4
(10.37)
248.3
(9.776)
111.0
(4.37)
26.7
(1.051)
5.0
(0.197)
1,371.6
(54)
Average rainy days 1.1 1.6 2.9 6.6 14.3 16.8 18.5 21.1 18.1 10.4 3.6 0.9 115.9
Average relative humidity (%) 68 65 62 64 73 78 80 83 82 80 74 70 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 291.4 274.0 313.1 243.0 198.4 117.0 120.9 117.8 144.0 198.4 252.0 257.3 2,527.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.4 9.7 10.1 8.1 6.4 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.8 6.4 8.4 8.3 6.9
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[4] (May record high only)[2]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[5]

Transport[edit]

Uttaradit is served by a station on the State Railway of Thailand. The nearest airport is at Phitsanulok.

Attractions[edit]

The Wat Tha Thanon temple in Uttaradit is home to a historic Luang Phor Phet Buddha image dating back to the 13th century.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bangkok to Uttaradit". Google Maps. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "The Climate of Thailand" (PDF). Thai Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Exceptional Heat Wave 2016". Meteo France. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  4. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 4–5. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 26. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 

External links[edit]