Uttarkashi district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Uttarkashi district

Uttar Kashi, Barahhaat
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Coordinates: 30°44′N 78°27′E / 30.73°N 78.45°E / 30.73; 78.45Coordinates: 30°44′N 78°27′E / 30.73°N 78.45°E / 30.73; 78.45
Country India
1451 km2claimed by China
 • Total8,016 km2 (3,095 sq mi)
 • Total330,086
 • Density41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUK

Uttarkashi District is a district of Garhwal division of the Uttarakhand state in northern India, and has its headquarters at Uttarkashi city. It has six Tehsils namely Barkot, Dunda, Bhatwadi, Chinyali Saur, Purola and Mori.

Uttarkashi District town lies high in the Himalaya range, and the district contains the source of both the Ganges from Gangotri and Yamuna from Yamunotri rivers, which attract thousands of Hindu pilgrims. The town lies on the main route to Gangotri, has many Hindu temples, and is also considered an important Hindu pilgrimage centre. The district is bounded on the north by Himachal Pradesh state, on the northeast by Tibet, on the east by Chamoli District, on the southeast by Rudraprayag District, on the south by Tehri Garhwal District, and on the west by Dehradun District. Uttatkashi means North Kashi it’s one of the favourite place of load shiva call this Kashi Biswanaath..

Assembly Constituencies[edit]

  1. Purola (SC)
  2. Yamunotri
  3. Gangotri


Religions in Uttarkashi District
Religion Percent

According to the 2011 census Uttarkashi district has a population of 330,086,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Belize.[2] This gives it a ranking of 567th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 41 inhabitants per square kilometre (110/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 11.75%.[1] Uttarkashi has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 75.98%.[1]

Garhwali is the most common first language of the district,[3] though Hindi is widely used as a lingua franca. Minority languages include Mahasu Pahari and the Tibeto-Burman Jad.[4]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


Country India
2,806 m (9,206 ft)
Jadh Ganga
Ganges below Gangotri, near Bhaironghati

Bhaironghati is a small settlement at the juncture of the Jadh Ganga and Bhagirathi Rivers in the mountains of northern India. It is located in the Uttarkashi district of the Indian state Uttarakhand. Set between the river banks, there is a rock called Jadh Ganga Gorge. This rock is located beneath a girder bridge of National Highway 108 (NH 108). The old ropes and moorings of the 1800s could be viewed here until the 1970s.[6]

Disasters which have affected Uttarkashi[edit]

  • 1976: Fire incident in the Main Market. A fire broke out in the morning of 1976
  • 1978: Floods in Bhagirathi River due to a dam made by the debri bought by Kandolia Gard a small riverlet. The dam was breached by the Army using explosives. Thousand gallon of water rushed along the river and caused damage to agricultural land, ashrams and houses located along the banks of the river. There was no major loss of life as the district administration took adequate precautions by evacuating the low lying areas along the banks of the river.
  • 1984: Cloud burst in Gyansu nala.
  • 1991: Earth Quake 20 Oct 1991 Uttarkashi and adorning area was hit by a earthquake measuring 6.8 on the ritcher scale.
  • 2003: On 23 Sep 2003 Uttarkashi was hit by a land slide in which hotels, shops in the bus stand area were destroyed. Housing colony of Horticulture department in the Masjid Mohalla area was completely destroyed under the falling debri from top of the Varunavat mountain.
  • 2013–2014: Uttarkashi was hit by Flash Flood caused by cloud burst in the Asi Ganga River catchment area and Bhagirathi River catchment area. The flash floods caused wide scale damage to property and agricultural land along the banks of both the rivers. Many hotels ware washed away in flooding waters of Bhagirathi River (Akash Ganga Hotel, Portion of Gautam Park Hotel, Pwd Office at Joshiyara). Many bridges ware destroyed during the floods (Didsari Suspension Bridge, Naluna Suspension Bridge, Joshiyara Suspension Bridge, Athali Suspension Bridge).


  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Belize 321,115 July 2011 est.
  3. ^ C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttarakhand (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  4. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "India – Languages". Ethnologue (22nd ed.). SIL International.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ Bill Aitken (2003). Footloose in the Himalaya. India: Permanent Black/Oxford. p. 132. ISBN 8178240521.

External links[edit]