Uttarpara

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Uttarpara
উত্তরপাড়া
town
Uttarpara is located in West Bengal
Uttarpara
Uttarpara
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°40′N 88°21′E / 22.67°N 88.35°E / 22.67; 88.35Coordinates: 22°40′N 88°21′E / 22.67°N 88.35°E / 22.67; 88.35
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Nearest City Serampore & Kolkata & Howrah
Government
 • Body Municipality
 • Municipality Chairperson Dilip Yadav [1]
Population (2011)
 • Total 159,147
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English[verification needed]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 712258
Lok Sabha constituency Serampore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Uttarpara

Uttarpara is a town in Serampore/Srirampore subdivision, Hooghly District, West Bengal, India. It is a part of the area covered by Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality.[2] Uttarpara is located at 22°40′N 88°21′E / 22.67°N 88.35°E / 22.67; 88.35, within 10 km from Kolkata, the capital of the state of West Bengal.

Uttarpara Kotrung is the municipality. Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality was established in 1853,[3] much before the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (1876).

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Uttarpara Kotrung had a total population of 159,147 of which 81,410 (51%) were males and 77,737 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 11,760. The total number of literates in Uttarpara Kotrung was 133,610 (90.65 % of the population over 6 years).[4]

The following Municipalities and Census Towns in Hooghly district were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in 2011 census: Bansberia (M), Hugli-Chinsurah (M), Bara Khejuria (Out Growth), Shankhanagar (CT), Amodghata (CT), Chak Bansberia (CT), Naldanga (CT), Kodalia (CT), Kulihanda (CT), Simla (CT), Dharmapur (CT), Bhadreswar (M), Champdani (M), Chandannagar (M Corp.), Baidyabati (M), Serampore (M), Rishra (M), Rishra (CT), Bamunari (CT), Dakshin Rajyadharpur (CT), Nabagram Colony (CT), Konnagar (M), Uttarpara Kotrung (M), Raghunathpur (PS-Dankuni) (CT), Kanaipur (CT) and Keota (CT).[5]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Uttarpara Kotrung had a population of 150,204. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Uttarpara Kotrung has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 76%. In Uttarpara Kotrung, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

Hindustan Motors[edit]

Uttarpara is home to India's first car factory - Hindustan Motors.[7] Efforts are being made to revive the plant.[8][9]

Culture[edit]

Uttarpara Joykrishna Library Uttarparajkl.gif.

Uttarpara boasts of a rich cultural heritage. Philanthropic zamindar of Bengal, Sri Joy Krishna Mookherjee, who was related to the family of founder Ratneshwar through marriage, contributed towards establishment of library, a public hospital and a school. The town once boasted of sylvan peace, beautiful buildings, epitome of great architectural works and steeped in cultural heritage. But, that is fast giving way to flats and modern apartment buildings to accommodate the ever increasing populace. Bengali poet Michael Madhusudan Dutt spent his last days in Uttarpara Joykrishna Library.[10]

In 1909, Aurobindo Ghosh gave his last political speech before leaving for Pondicherry to embrace monkhood. This speech, known as 'Uttarpara Speech',[11] is a valuable work for understanding Hinduism and Sanatan dharma by Sri Aurobindo.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Telegraph 19 June 2005
  2. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on March 7, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  3. ^ http://uttarparamunicipality.com/Uttarpara_Municipality.aspx
  4. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ Hindustan Motors website Archived April 3, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ The Statesman 25 August 2006.
  9. ^ The Statesman 26 August 2006
  10. ^ Uttarpara Joykrishna Library
  11. ^ A page from intyoga.online.fr

External links[edit]