Etymology and origins
The name comes from the Sanskrit words Utthita (उत्थित) meaning "extended", hasta (हस्त) meaning "hand", Pada (पद) meaning "foot", Angustha (ङ्गुष्ठ) meaning "thumb" or "toe", and asana (आसन) meaning "posture" or "seat".
The pose however does not appear to be Indian in origin. The yoga teacher and scholar Mark Singleton notes that it was described in the early 20th century Danish text Primitive Gymnastics, which in turn was derived from a 19th century Scandinavian tradition of gymnastics. The pose had arrived in India by the 1920s. Swami Kuvalayananda incorporated it into his system of exercises, from where it was taken up by the influential yoga teacher Tirumalai Krishnamacharya.
Utthita Padangusthasana is a pose with the body standing straight, on one leg; the other leg is stretched out straight, and the foot of the raised leg is grasped by the hand on the same side of the body. It is entered from the standing pose Tadasana. The pose has two forms: I, with the raised leg to the front, and the opposite hand to the hip; II, with the raised leg to the side, and the opposite hand stretched out straight to the other side. Students can practise the pose using a strap to hold the extended foot, or a ledge or wall for support; or may keep the knee bent. The pose is at the start of the Primary Series of Ashtanga vinyasa yoga.
- Mehta 1990, p. 20.
- Singleton, Mark (4 February 2011). "The Ancient & Modern Roots of Yoga". Yoga Journal.
- Iyengar 1979, pp. 76-78.
- Saraswati 1996, pp. 300-302.
- YJ Editors (28 August 2007). "Extended Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose". Yoga Journal.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Maze, Noah (1 August 2016). "3 Ways to Modify Extended Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose". Yoga Journal.
- "Utthita Hasta Padangusthasana". Yogapedia. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- "Primary Series of Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga". Ashtanga Yoga. Retrieved 4 December 2018.