|Lasta 95 P2|
|Role||Military Training Aircraft/General Aviation Aircraft|
|Designer||Military Technical Institute Belgrade|
|First flight||Lasta 1 Prototype: September 2, 1985
Lasta 95: February 26, 2009
|Introduction||August 5, 2010, with the Iraqi Air Force|
|Primary users||Serbian Air Force
Iraqi Air Force
$700,000 (2010 base price)
The Lasta 95 is a light military trainer aircraft produced by Utva Aviation Industry. It is a tandem two-seater low-wing trainer with a metal airframe. The aircraft is capable of basic training functions including aerobatics, instrument and tactical flying, as well as basic training in use of weapons. The first prototype of Lasta 1 flew on 2 September 1985, while the first prototype of the current version, Lasta 3 flew on February 26, 2009. Lasta in Serbian is the swallow.
Design and development
The Lasta was originally developed to be a replacement of the Utva 75 and, partially, Soko G-2 Galeb, which had been the most commonly used trainer aircraft of the Yugoslav Air Force up until 1991. The first prototype Lasta 1 was completed by the spring of 1985. Following completion of the initial testing phase, the first flight was achieved on September 2, 1985. In January 1989, design of a modified version – Lasta 2 was started, following changes in Yugoslav Air Force requirements. Lasta 2 was lighter, with shorter fuselage and a new electronics system including fire control Ferranti ISIS D-282. By the early 1990s Utva, and her partners, have produced enough parts for the completion of 10 pre-production airframes. During the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, all five existing prototypes were destroyed during the bombing of Utva Aviation Industry (a sixth prototype survived with damage and was donated to the Aviation Museum at Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport).
In 2006 development of the Lasta was restarted. The new version was known as the Lasta 95 and followed basic concepts of Lasta 2, with updates due to newer available technology. In 2009 it was announced that Iraq will purchase 20 of these trainer aircraft.
With its specifications and updated avionics, the aircraft will ensure full pilot training for all elements of airplane application including:
- basic flying,
- figure flying,
- navigation flying,
- basic elements of night flying,
- category II instrumental flight,
- basic elements of gunning, rocketing and bombing (GRB)
- Light close air support of counterinsurgency operations and area patrol / light attack missions
Future improvements and developments
It is possible to install ejection seats, but with higher cost and weight of the airplane. It is also possible that new containers with armaments and sensors would be developed for Lasta 95, as well as a proposed turboprop version of the aircraft with more advanced training and combat capabilities.
There are three-factory versions of Lasta 95.
This light piston-propeller training aircraft is primarily intended for initial and basic training of military pilots. With in-line tandem seating, the trainer was developed in accordance with the Federal Aviation Regulations (Joint Aviation Requirements) 23 regulations for acrobatic category of airplanes and it provides an easy transition to Kobac and then to jet at higher training levels. The LASTA is equipped with a six-cylinder 224 kW (300 HP) engine of the opposed-cylinder type, and a two-bladed metal propeller Hartzell HC-C2YR-4CF/FC 8475-6, which provides maximum flight velocity (at an altitude of 3000m and a takeoff weight of 1085 kg) of 345 km/h. The empty weight is 888 kg, and the maximum takeoff weight is 1210 kg for the aerobatic category and 1450 kg for the utility (armed) category. The total aircraft length is 7.97m. The trapezoidal wings have a wingspan of 9.7 m and a surface of 12.9 m2. The altitude barrier of flight is 6000 m. This propeller-driven low-wing aircraft has a tricycle retractable landing gear suitable for rough-field operations. Onboard GPS and Instrument Landing System (ILS) support the operations during CAT-II weather conditions. The aircraft is equipped with Mode S transponder for flight identification. Besides for training purposes, it can be used for combat fire training, rocket firing and bombing. The armed version of the LASTA 95 can be equipped with 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm machine guns, 57 mm rocket launchers or bombs weighing up to 120 kg on two hardpoints.
Lasta 95V-54 designation is for Serbian Air Force and Air Defence. Differences between Lasta 95N and Lats 95V-54 are in following:
- Engine Lycoming AEIO-580-B1A, with 315 hp (332 kW, under H = 0 and 2700 rpm)
- Two-blade metal propeller HARTZELL HC-C2YR-4CF/FC 8475-8
- New propeller cap
- Modified primary flight controls
- Modified engine controls with less friction
- New instruments for measuring temperatures and oil pressure and temperatures of cylinder block and exhaust gases in both cabins
- New radio stations Bendix/King for UHF with antennas
- New gun sight AKN-09 Teleoptik Zemun which supports containers with Machine gun, bombs and unguided rocket launcher
- Two under-wing hard points for weapons max allowed 120 kg
- New glass cockpit with Garmin G500 avionics suites, which includes a primary flight display (PFD) and a multi-function display (MFD). The aircraft also integrates an instrumental flying simulation system.
- Introduction of new composites materials in some parts of the plane
It is a same version as the Lasta 95V-54 designated for export customers with possibility of slight differences at customer request.
- Basic version of the aircraft is built against the requirements for aerobatic category loads of +6.0 -3.
- Armed version of the aircraft is built against the requirements for utility category with loads of +4.4 -1.8.
In December 2007, the Iraqi Air Force ordered 36 (20 firm with an option for 16 units) Lasta 95 aircraft. The first Lasta 95s were transferred to Iraq on August 5, 2010. Last of the 20 ordered Lasta 95 aircraft arrived in February 2012. According to media reports, the aircraft have been used during the Iraqi war against ISIS.
- Iraqi Air Force - 20 delivered Lasta 95N (another 16 optional).
- Serbian Air Force - 2 prototypes and 15 serial aircraft Lasta 95V-54 ordered, 10 delivered.
Several countries are rumored to have expressed interest in acquiring Lasta trainer aircraft:
Specifications (Lasta 95N)
- Crew: 2
- Length: 7.965 m (26 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 9.7 m (31 ft 10 in)
- Height: 2.84 m (9 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 12.9 m2 (139 sq ft)
- Aspect ratio: 6.3
- Empty weight: 888 kg (1,958 lb)
- Gross weight: 1,145 kg (2,524 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 1,210 kg (2,668 lb) unarmed
- Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming AEIO-580-B1A 6-cyl. air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 224 kW (300 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed HARTZELL HC-C2YR-4CF/FC 8475-8 constant speed propeller, 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in) diameter
- Maximum speed: 345 km/h (214 mph; 186 kn)
- Cruising speed: 280 km/h (174 mph; 151 kn)
- Stall speed: 95 km/h (59 mph; 51 kn)
- Never exceed speed: 425 km/h (264 mph; 229 kn)
- Range: 1,160 km (721 mi; 626 nmi)
- Ferry range: 1,160 km (721 mi; 626 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 6,000 m (19,685 ft)
- g limits: +6 -3 g
- Rate of climb: 8.5 m/s (1,670 ft/min)
- Hardpoints: 2 with a capacity of 100 kg (220 lb) bombs, 7.62 mm (0.300 in) or 12.7 mm (0.500 in) calibre machine-gun pods or 57 mm (2.244 in) rocket pods (7 rockets each),
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- "Serbia's Lasta-95 trainer makes first flight". www.flightglobal.com/. IPC. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- B92 - Biz - Irak kupuje 36 aviona od Srbije - December 22, 2007
- Đaković, T. N. "Srbija će da gradi avio-bazu i vojnu bolnicu u Iraku". www.blic.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- LOPUŠINA, Marko. "Iračani se obučavaju na srpskim avionima". www.novosti.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "LASTA U AKCIJI Srpski avion u borbama protiv Islamske države". 2015-02-14. Retrieved 2015-10-28.
- SALINGER, IGOR. "Serbia receives first Lasta basic trainers". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Galović, M. "Stigle prve "laste"". www.politika.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- SALINGER, IGOR. "Utva resumes Serbian Lasta trainer deliveries". www.flightglobal.com. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "VTI WEBSITE - English". vti.mod.gov.rs. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
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