Uwais al-Qarani

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Uwais
Arabic: أويس‎‎
Titles: al-Qarani Arabic: القرني‎‎
Father Abdullah
Birthplace Yemen (594 AD)
Ethnicity Yemeni Arab
Known For Being a loyal companion of Muhammad and Ali [1]
Died 657 AD
Burial Place al-Raqqah, Syria[2][1]
Coordinates 35°56'32"N 39°1'46"E
Cause of Death Killed in the Battle of Siffeen[1]
Religion Islam
Influenced Saints of the Uwaisi tradition
Revered by Sunnis, Sufis, and Shias

Uwais al-Qarani Arabic: أويس بن انيس القرني‎‎, was a Sufi and Muslim martyr, he was from Yemen. He lived during the lifetime of Muhammad.[3] As reported by Ibn Battuta, Uwais was killed in the Battle of Siffeen as a soldier in Imam Ali's army. Uwais's shrine where he is buried was in al-Raqqah, Syria before it was destroyed by radical Islamists in 2013.[4] Another shrine was constructed in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey.[5]

Life[edit]

Uwais's father, Abdullah, was a strong Muslim believer and died when Uwais was young. Not long after a meeting with Ali, Uwais al-Qarani left Qaran for Kufa, Iraq. He was considered one of Shiat Ali (companion of Ali and one who followed the teachings of Ali) in his time, in addition he fought for Ali against Muawiyah I at the Battle of Siffeen in 657 AD.[6]

Damage of Uwais's Tomb[edit]

On March 11, 2013 the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant bombed and heavily damaged the tombs of Uwais al-Qarani and Ammar ibn Yasir located in al-Raqqah.

Uwaisi[edit]

The Eight Ascetics

The Uwaisi form of Islamic mysticism was named after Uwais al-Qarani, as it refers to the transmission of spiritual knowledge between two individuals without the need for physical interaction between them.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Desecration of the Shrines of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)– Ammar Ibn Yassir and Uwais Al-Qarani in Raqqa, Syria." World Federation. N.p., 05 Aug. 2013. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://www.world-federation.org/Secretariat/Articles/Desecration_graves_companions_Holy_Prophet_Muhammad_SAW_Ammar_ibn_Yassir_Uwais_alQarani_Raqq_Syria.htm>.
  2. ^ "Militants Blow up Muslim Shrine in Syria's Raqqa." PressTV. N.p., 12 Mar. 2013. Web. 02 Aug. 2013. <http://www.presstv.com/detail/2013/03/12/293239/militants-destroy-muslim-shrine-in-syria/>
  3. ^ Beale, Oriental Bibliotheca
  4. ^ "The Moment Isis Detonated a More Than 500 Year old Shrine". 30 May 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, Owais Karni
  6. ^ Attar, Muslim Saints and Mystics, trans. A.J. Arberry, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983

External links[edit]