Uwais al-Qarani

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Uwais Bin Amir
Arabic: أويس القرنى‎‎
Father Name ʻAmir
Birthplace Qarn, Yemen
Born 594 CE
Ethnicity Yemeni Arab
Known For Being a follower of Muhammad and ʻAli[1]
Died March 657 CE (7 Shawwal 36 Hijri)
Burial Place Salalah, Oman
Coordinates 17°01′11″N 54°05′23″E
Religion Islam
Influenced Saints of the Uwaisi tradition
Revered by Sunnis, Sufis, and Shiʻites

Uwais ibn ʻAmir ibn Harb al-Qarni (Arabic: أويس ابن أنيس القرني‎‎), was a Muslim from Yemen who lived during the lifetime of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.[2] His shrine is in Salalah Oman. Another mosque & shrine is constructed in his honor in al-Raqqah, Syria. It was destroyed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in 2013.[3] Another shrine was constructed in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey.[4]

Life[edit]

Uwais' father, ʻAmir, was a strong believer in Islam. He died when Uwais was young.[5]

Martyrdom in the Battle of Siffin[edit]

In 657 CE, Uwais fought on the side of Caliph ʻAli against Muʻawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan in the Battle of Siffeen. As reported by Ibn Battuta, Uwais was martyred in this battle.[5]

Damage of Uwais' Mosque[edit]

On March 11, 2013 the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant bombed and heavily damaged the mosque of Uwais and ʻAmmar ibn Yasir located in Raqqa.[3]

Uwaisi Order[edit]

The Uwaisi form of Islamic mysticism was named after Uwais, as it refers to the transmission of spiritual knowledge between two individuals without the need for physical interaction between them.[6][7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Desecration of the Mosque of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)– Ammar Ibn Yassir and Uwais Al-Qarni in Raqqa, Syria." World Federation. N.p., 05 Aug. 2013. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://www.world-federation.org/Secretariat/Articles/Desecration_graves_companions_Holy_Prophet_Muhammad_SAW_Ammar_ibn_Yassir_Uwais_alQarani_Raqq_Syria.htm>.
  2. ^ Beale, Oriental Bibliotheca
  3. ^ a b "The Moment Isis Detonated a More Than 500 Year old Shrine". 30 May 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, Owais Karni
  5. ^ a b Attar, Muslim Saints and Mystics, trans. A.J. Arberry, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983
  6. ^ "The story of Uwais Al-Qarni – Sahih Muslim | AbdurRahman.Org". Salaf-us-saalih.com. 2009-07-23. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  7. ^ Mohammad, Inam (1978). Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar of Sehwan-Sharif. Royal Book Co. p. 87. ISBN 0-918437-21-0.  See Amazon page ASIN: B0000CQRGQ. Original from the University of Michigan.
  8. ^ Kabbani, Shaykh M. Hisham (2004). Classical Islam and the Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition. Islamic Supreme Council of America. pp. 63–64. ISBN 1-930409-23-0.  See Amazon page

External links[edit]