|Uwajima, Ehime Prefecture, Japan|
The original wooden tenshu (keep) of Uwajima Castle
|Type||Hirayamajiro (hilltop castle)|
|Condition||The tenshu and some ruins remain.|
|Built by||Toyotomi Hidenaga|
|In use||1596 to Meiji Restoration|
|Materials||Earth, stone, and wood|
|Demolished||Most of the castle during the Meiji Restoration, though the tenshu survived.|
Uwajima Castle (宇和島城 Uwajima-jō) is a hirayama-jiro (Japanese castle on a hill on a plain) in Uwajima, Ehime, Japan. An alternate name for this castle is Tsurushima-jō. The castle is well known as one of twelve Japanese castles to still have an original donjon built in the Edo period.
The castle was constructed in 1596 by a daimyō named Tōdō Takatora after being given a small fiefdom by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1595. The castle experienced major repairs and expansion in 1671. The Ōte Gate was burnt to the ground by American bombing during World War II.
Uwajima castle is an Important Cultural Property selected by the Japanese government:
- Tenshukaku (Donjon Tower)
- Mitchelhill, Jennifer (2013). Castles of the Samurai:Power & Beauty. USA: Kodansha. ISBN 978-1568365121.
- Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4.
- Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. pp. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1.