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Arabic: أويس القرنى رضىالله عنه
|Birthplace||Yemen (594 ACE)|
|Known For||Being a follower of Muhammad and ʻAli|
|Burial Place||Raqqa, Syria|
|Cause of Death||Killed in the Battle of Siffeen|
|Influenced||Saints of the Uwaisi tradition|
|Revered by||Sunnis, Sufis, and Shiʻites|
Uwais ibn Unais al-Qarani (Arabic: أويس ابن أنيس القرني), was a Muslim martyr from Yemen who lived during the lifetime of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. His shrine was in Raqqa, Syria before it was destroyed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in 2013. Another shrine was constructed in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey.
Uwais' father, ʻAmir, was a strong believer in Islam. He died when Uwais was young.
Owais Qarni was born in the village of “Qaran” in Yemen. Owais Qarni’s father Amir, was very religious and pious person. He wanted to bring up his son in the strict principles of Islam. He passed away leaving Owais an orphan at a young age. The family was so poor that there was no money to send him to Maktab or a teacher.
Bondage with Mohammed
This was a miracle that Owais Qarni) never met Muhammad because he was busy attending his sick mother but Muhammad became the spiritual guardian of this Owais Qarni. Though they never met, Muhammad guided him at all times – such was their bondage. Muhammad often used to look towards Yemen, and said : “I am getting the beautiful fragrance Allah’s blessings in the breeze. It is for Owais Qarni.” After the battle of Uhud, when Owais Qarni came to know that Muhammad had lost a few teeth during the encounter, he broke all his teeth one by one till none was left – as he did not know exactly how many or which ones were lost by Muhammad
Owais Qarni never met Muhammad
Owais Qarni could never meet Muhammad though he tried to meet him a lot. One day, he took permission from his mother to visit Rasulallah, and his mother said: "You have my permission to go, see him once, and come straight back. If Muhammad is at home, you may meet with him; if not, come straight back here.”
Owais Qarni then completed a journey of three months on foot, from Yemen to Madinah Munawara . When he reached Rasulallah’s house, he knocked on the door and Aisha opened the door. She told him that Rasulallah was in the Mosque. Owais Qarni remembered his promise to his mother and replied, “Please convey my Salam to my Beloved Rasulallah . Kindly inform him that Owais came from Yemen, did not find him at home and is now returning to Yemen, since he does not have permission from his mother to meet him in the Mosque.” When Rasulallah returned home from the Mosque, he found the radiance of Owais Qarni in his house. Aisha told him what had happened, and conveyed Owais Qarni’s salutations. Muhammad looked towards Yemen and said, “The fragrance of our friend is reaching us.”
Title of Sahabi
Owais Qarni wa a very pious and noble person. He had embraced Islam while Rasulallah was still alive. As a reward of his service to his mother, he was given the title and status of a Sahabi (companion of Muhammad) by Muhammad even though he could not see him personally.
Status of Owais qarni
During Mohammed’s last days, he asked Umar and Ali to take his blessed shirt to Owais Qarni, and ask him to pray for the forgiveness of the Muslim Ummah. The reason for this was to demonstrate the exalted status of Owais Qarni.
Umar and Ali then asked the people of Madinah if there was anyone present from Qarn. One man came forward and told them how to find the place, so they set out for Qarn. When they arrived, they asked the people where Hazrat Owais Qarni was. The villagers answered their questions, but were very surprised to see the two prominent Companions asking for an unknown camel shepherd. When Umar and Ali reached him, they saw him saying his prayers. As he finished his prayers, he said, “It is the first time anyone has ever seen me praying.” “What’s your name?” Hazrat Umer and Hazrat Ali asked. “Abdullah (the servant of Allah).” “Tell us your real name?” “Awais.” “Show us your hand,” Umer and Ali immediately kissed the white patch Mohammed had talked about. Then they presented to him the holy dress and asked him to pray for the Ummah as directed by Mohammed. When they handed Owais Qarni, the blessed shirt of Rasulallah , he was reluctant to accept. “Surely, there is some mistake!”, he exclaimed, in his desire to hide himself. Seeing the light upon his hand, however, they cried, “You are the saint described to us by Mohammed, for he told us about the light on your hand.” They then informed him of Rasulallah's message, asking Owais Qarni to pray for the forgiveness of the Ummah. This he did, and after a while he said, “Allah has forgiven and rewarded as many of Rasulallah’s followers as the hair of the sheep from the Rabia and Mazhar tribes.”
They asked Owais Qarni, “If you loved Rasulallah so much, why didn’t you visit him more often during his lifetime?” Owais Qarni did not answer, but instead asked if they took part in the battle of Uhud, and if so, to provide information about which tooth it was that Rasulallah had lost. Hazrat Umar was greatly impressed by this simple person and asked Owais Qarni to pray for him. Owais Qarni replied, “I pray for the forgiveness of everyone at the end of every prayer. If you keep your faith in Allah and His Messenger, you will receive my prayers in your graves.”
Owais Qarni rubbed the blessed cloak over his face and eyes, and kissed it. Then he asked to be left alone. When he was alone, he held the cloak close and began to pray, “O Allah, this cloak (The holy shirt of Mohammed) is the cloak of Your Beloved Messenger. He has presented it to me, but I refuse to wear it unless You pardon the Ummah of Rasulallah.” He then repeated his prayer in exactly the same words. As he was about to repeat his prayer a third time, Ali and Umar appeared beside him. He cried, “Oh, you came too soon! Upon my first supplication, Allah granted me forgiveness for one third of the Ummah. On my second, He forgave two-thirds of the Ummah. In my third request, I was pleading for pardon for the entire Ummah, then you came along!”
Death of Owais Qarni
After the meeting with Umer Uwais left his homeland of Qaran and came to Kufa, in modern day Iraq. One day he was seen by Harim ibn Hayyan, but after that nobody saw him until the period of the first Muslim civil war (656-661). He fought for Ali ibn Abi Talib against the army of Muawiyah and was martyred at the Battle of Siffin in 657. Other accounts relate that he died in an expedition accompanying `Umar ibn al-Khattab to Azerbaijan.
Martyrdom in the Battle of Siffin
Damage of Uwais' Tomb
The Uwaisi form of Islamic mysticism was named after Uwais, as it refers to the transmission of spiritual knowledge between two individuals without the need for physical interaction between them.
- "Desecration of the Shrines of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)– Ammar Ibn Yassir and Uwais Al-Qarani in Raqqa, Syria." World Federation. N.p., 05 Aug. 2013. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://www.world-federation.org/Secretariat/Articles/Desecration_graves_companions_Holy_Prophet_Muhammad_SAW_Ammar_ibn_Yassir_Uwais_alQarani_Raqq_Syria.htm>.
- "Militants Blow up Muslim Shrine in Syria's Raqqa." PressTV. N.p., 12 Mar. 2013. Web. 02 Aug. 2013. <http://www.presstv.com/detail/2013/03/12/293239/militants-destroy-muslim-shrine-in-syria/>
- Beale, Oriental Bibliotheca
- "The Moment Isis Detonated a More Than 500 Year old Shrine". 30 May 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- Encyclopedia of Islam, Owais Karni
- Attar, Muslim Saints and Mystics, trans. A.J. Arberry, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983
- "The story of Uwais Al-Qarni – Sahih Muslim | AbdurRahman.Org". Salaf-us-saalih.com. 2009-07-23. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
- Mohammad, Inam (1978). Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar of Sehwan-Sharif. Royal Book Co. p. 87. ISBN 0-918437-21-0. See Amazon page ASIN: B0000CQRGQ. Original from the University of Michigan.
- Kabbani, Shaykh M. Hisham (2004). Classical Islam and the Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition. Islamic Supreme Council of America. pp. 63–64. ISBN 1-930409-23-0. See Amazon page
- Film on Uwais Al Qarani subtitled by Al-Masumeen.com
- Maktab Tarighat Oveyssi Shahmaghsoudi (School of Islamic Sufism)
- The Extreme Mourning of Uwais al-Qarni, Shia Website
- Islamic Sufism Genealogy, November 2004, Tehran University Publications
- The Uwaisi Transmission of Spiritual Knowledge (Naqshbandi-Haqqani website)
- About Uwais al-Qarni, from "The Children Around the Table of Allah," by Shaykh Muhammad Sa'id al-Jamal ar-Rifa'i
- Uwais Qarni(رضي الله عنه)