Uwe Barschel

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Uwe Barschel
A 1987 political campaign poster featuring Barschel.
Barschel featured on a 1987 campaign poster
11th Minister of Finance
In office
1 January 1979 – 1 July 1979
Preceded by Gerd Lausen
Succeeded by Rudolf Titzck
9th Minister of the Interior
In office
1 July 1979 – 4 October 1982
Preceded by Rudolf Titzck
Succeeded by Karl Eduard Claussen
9th Minister-President of Schleswig-Holstein
In office
14 October 1982 – 2 October 1987
Preceded by Gerhard Stoltenberg
Succeeded by Henning Schwarz
Personal details
Born (1944-05-13)13 May 1944
Glienicke, Province of Brandenburg, Free State of Prussia
Died 11 October 1987(1987-10-11) (aged 43)
Geneva, Switzerland
Nationality West German
Political party Christian Democratic Union
Spouse(s)
Freya Barschel
(m. 1973; his death 1987)

Uwe Barschel (13 May 1944 – 11 October 1987) was a West German politician (CDU) and from 1982 to 1987 he was Minister-President in the State of Schleswig-Holstein. The circumstances of his death are still not entirely clear, and inquiries have not been able to prove or disprove theories of suicide or murder.

Early life[edit]

Barschel grew up in Börnsen near Hamburg, raised by his grandparents. In 1971, Barschel was licensed to work as a lawyer. In addition to his political activities, Barschel published works concerning public law and political science.

Political career[edit]

Barschel joined the Junge Union in 1960. Two years later he became a member of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). In Schleswig-Holstein, Barschel was chairman of the Junge Union from 1967 to 1971 and deputy chairman of the CDU in 1969.

Barschel was a member of the Landtag in Schleswig-Holstein from 1971 until his death. In 1979, he was appointed Minister of Finance by then minister-president Gerhard Stoltenberg. In the same year he took over the Ministry of the Interior and he became one of the delegates from Schleswig-Holstein in the Bundesrat.

After Stoltenberg had been appointed Federal Finance Minister by new chancellor Helmut Kohl, Barschel was elected the new minister-president in October 1982. Aged only 38, he was the youngest minister-president in history of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG).

Under his leadership the CDU defended their absolute majority at the State elections in 1983. In 1985, Barschel was one of the founding members of the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival. In May 1987, shortly before the beginning of the election campaign, he narrowly survived a plane crash at Lübeck Airport.

"Waterkant-Gate"[edit]

The so-called Waterkant-Gate (an allusion to the Watergate scandal, with Waterkant (from Low German "waterside") became one of the biggest political scandals in German post-war history.[1][2]

Barschel's media adviser Reiner Pfeiffer told German news magazine Der Spiegel that he was ordered by Barschel to spy on the Social Democratic Party of Germany's (SPD) top candidate for the upcoming state elections, Björn Engholm, with the aim of bringing an anonymous charge of suspicions of tax evasion against Engholm. Pfeiffer also claimed that he was given orders to install a bugging device in Barschel's phone and accuse the SPD of being the perpetrators.

Following these events the CDU lost votes at the election and the SPD became the strongest party in Schleswig-Holstein. However, the CDU managed to start negotiations for a coalition with the Free Democratic Party (Germany) (FDP).

On 18 September, five days after the elections, Barschel denied all accusations and made the following statement to the press: "I give you my word of honour, I repeat: my word of honour, that the charges brought against me are unfounded."

Barschel resigned as minister-president on 2 October. In 1987, the first investigation committee yielded no significant results; the second, in 1995, came to the conclusion that Barschel's guilt could not be proven.

Death[edit]

On 11 October 1987, Barschel was found dead by two journalists working for the German magazine Stern. His body was fully dressed and lying in a bathtub filled with water in his room, no. 317 at the Hotel Beau-Rivage in Geneva, Switzerland. As of 2010, the cause of his death remains unproven and highly controversial. Among others, the drug Lorazepam was found in his system.

Barschel left behind a wife and four children who are convinced that Barschel was killed.[3]

Conspiracy theories around Barschel's death[edit]

In his book Geheimakte Mossad, former Mossad agent Victor Ostrovsky nourishes suspicions that Barschel was killed by Israeli assassins, claiming Barschel had too much inside knowledge about an Israeli-Iranian arms deal. In the 1994 book, The Other Side of Deception: A Rogue Agent Exposes the Mossad's Secret Agenda, Ostrovsky claimed that a team of Israeli assassins had murdered Barschel through poisoning. The BND provided the telephone number for the Mossad agent to lure Barschel to the hotel.

Ostrovsky described how Barschel was lured to Geneva's Beau-Rivage Hotel by a telephone call received in October 1987 in the Canary Islands from a person called Robert Oleff who was a Mossad agent. He met a man who was a Mossad agent in the hotel restaurant. He was provided a glass of wine which contained a sedative. Uwe Barschel left for his room and fell unconscious. According to Ostrovsky, the Mossad assassins broke into the room and inserted a feeding tube down Barschel's throat. They forced barbiturates and poisons down his throat through a tube. They also inserted a fever-inducing toxin suppository (believed to be bacterial endotoxins) into the victim's rectum and waited for a fever to develop. Once the fever developed, Barschel was placed in the ice-cold water which shocked his body making his heart stop. Ostrosky states that the BND was cooperating with the Mossad in the transfer of weapons to Iran and also in the secret training of Iranian pilots that was occurring on German airbases during the 1980s. The goal was to make Iran and Iraq bleed each other to death which made Iran and Iraq weak and forced these countries to slash oil prices which boosted Western economic growth in the 1980s.

Various mysteries around Barschel's death are discussed in a January 1995 Washington Post article[4] based on German, Spanish and Swiss police investigations of the murder, and the possible motives for it. The article reported that the Barschel case had been reopened as a murder investigation because of evidence of third-party involvement.[4]

"Just who the third party who went to such lengths to make a murder look like a suicide might be, is unclear," Andrew I. Killgore, publisher of the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, wrote in 1995. Although the Israeli government issued a "formal denial" that it was involved, such a denial, according to Killgore, especially if it is "formal," is widely accepted in the region as confirmation that the opposite is true.[citation needed]

According to Ostrovsky, Barschel was murdered because he refused to allow Israeli arms for Iran to be shipped from Schleswig-Holstein ports. During the Iran-Iraq war, Israel and the United States secretly armed Iran; the US had an interest in doing so both to create an "autonomous" source of unmonitored revenue with which to finance the Contras and other right-wing death squad-type organizations in Central America without hindrances from Congress and to obtain bargaining chips with Hezbollah (whom Iran had influence over) which at the time had several US hostages in Lebanon. Israel had an interest in arming Iran to keep Saddam Hussein busy; Iran inherited a vast arsenal of US weapons from its Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Israel with its large collection of US weapons was in a prime position to sell HAWK SAMs, M-60 tank spare parts, F-4 Phantom parts and air-to-air missiles to Tehran.

In addition, the police investigation found indications that another person had been in Barschel's room at the time of his death. The official autopsy found some traces of force having been applied.[citation needed]

2011 Barschel case review[edit]

On 12 June 2011 the Public Prosecution Department of Lübeck announced that the Barschel case would be re-opened and re-examined, with more sophisticated techniques such as DNA profiling being employed to find out the actual circumstances of the politician's demise.[5][6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Today in History – DW.COM". Today in History. 11 October 1987. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Tuohy, William (2 November 1987). "Soul-Searching Over Barschel Case : West German Scandal Tests Faith in Politics". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "L'affaire Barschel" [The Barschel Affair]. Télévision Suisse Romande (in French). 27 October 2010. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Atkinson, Rick (6 January 1995). "'87 DEATH OF POLITICIAN STILL INTRIGUES GERMANS". The Washington Post. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Tod von Uwe Barschel in Badewanne wird neu aufgerollt" [Death of Uwe Barschel in Bathtub Being Reviewed]. Augsburger Allgemeine (in German). 12 June 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Barschel-Kleidung soll in Labor untersucht werden" [Barschel Clothing is to be examined in the Laboratory]. Spiegel Online (in German). 12 June 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 

References[edit]